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Casale Sa patents


Recent patent applications related to Casale Sa. Casale Sa is listed as an Agent/Assignee. Note: Casale Sa may have other listings under different names/spellings. We're not affiliated with Casale Sa, we're just tracking patents.

ARCHIVE: New 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 | Company Directory "C" | Casale Sa-related inventors


High-pressure reactor for the synthesis of melamine

Reactor for the synthesis of melamine from urea, in accordance with the high-pressure non-catalytic process, comprising: a vertical reactor body (1), at least one inlet (2) for the urea melt, a set of heating elements (3), and a central duct (7), said set of heating elements (3) being arranged inside said central duct.. . ... Casale Sa

Process for producing ammonia synthesis gas

A process for producing ammonia synthesis gas from the reforming of hydrocarbons with steam in a primary reformer (1) equipped with a plurality of externally heated catalytic tubes and then together with air in a secondary reformer (2) is characterized in that the reaction of said hydrocarbons with said steam in said primary reformer (1) is performed at an operating pressure of more than 35 bar in the catalytic tubes, in that air is added to said secondary reformer in excess over the nitrogen amount required for ammonia synthesis and in that the excess of nitrogen is removed downstream the secondary reformer preferably by cryogenic separation or by molecular sieves of the tas or psa type. This process allows to obtain high synthesis gas production capacities and lower investment and energy costs.. ... Casale Sa

Sonication in a urea or melamine synthesis process

Process and respective reactor for urea or melamine synthesis, comprising sonication treatment of at least part of a reaction liquid mass or two-phase mixture contained inside said reactor.. . ... Casale Sa

Plate exchanger for chemical reactors with automatically weldable collectors

Plate heat exchanger for internals of isothermal chemical reactors, said plate heat exchanger comprising a plurality of heat exchange plates (1) having an essentially rectangular shape, wherein each plate comprises two walls (2, 3) which are joined together along their perimeter, and wherein each plate comprises a respective first collector for feeding a heat exchange medium to the plate and a respective second collector for receiving said medium form the plate, said first collector and second collector being fixed to opposite sides of said plate, and at least one (10, 30) of said first collector and second collector comprises edge surfaces which are planar and parallel to respective planar end portions (12, 13) of said plate, to provide plane and parallel surfaces for automated welding.. . ... Casale Sa

Process for the ammonia production

Process and plant for the synthesis of ammonia from a hydrocarbon feedstock, comprising: primary reforming with steam and air-fired secondary reforming wherein primary reforming is performed at a temperature and pressure of at least 790° c. And 50 bar, and secondary reforming is carried out substantially in absence of excess air, the so obtained make-up synthesis gas having a h2 to n2 molar ratio in the range 2.5 to 3.. ... Casale Sa

Burner for the production of synthesis gas and related cooling circuit

A burner system (100) for the combustion of a hydrocarbon feedstock with an oxidant, comprising at least one burner (1) and a cooling circuit (2), where in: the burner system(100) comprises a fuel side (3, 15) and an oxidant side (4, 14); the burner (1) comprises a cooling chamber (5) connected to said cooling circuit(2); said cooling circuit (2) comprises a reservoir tank(8) for said cooling fluid and a circulation pump(16); said system (100) comprises pressure equalizing line (15b) arranged to establish a fluid communication between the inside of said reservoir tank (8) and at least one of said fuel side and oxidant side.. . ... Casale Sa

Process for the synthesis of ammonia

Process for the synthesis of ammonia comprising the steps of reforming of a hydrocarbon feedstock into a raw product gas, purification of said raw product gas obtaining a make-up synthesis gas, conversion of said synthesis gas into ammonia; said purification includes shift conversion of carbon monoxide into carbon dioxide and the reforming process requires a heat input which is at least partially recovered from at least one of said step of shift conversion, which is carried out with a peak temperature of at least 450° c., and said step of conversion into ammonia.. . ... Casale Sa

Plant for urea production

Plant for the synthesis of urea, comprising: a synthesis section comprising at least one reactor, a compressor for supplying co2 to said synthesis section, a gas turbine for the operation of said co2 compressor and a heat recovery steam generator; the heat source of said heat recovery steam generator consists of the exhaust gases of said gas turbine, and at least one steam flow produced by said heat recovery steam generator is used as heat source for at least one component of said urea plant.. . ... Casale Sa

Process for producing a synthesis gas

Process for manufacturing a hydrogen-containing synthesis gas from a natural gas feedstock, comprising the conversion of said natural gas into a raw product gas and purification of said product gas, the process having a heat input provided by combustion of a fuel; said process comprises a step of conversion of a carbonaceous feedstock, and at least a portion of said fuel is a gaseous fuel obtained by said step of conversion of said carbonaceous feedstock.. . ... Casale Sa

Method for removing nitrogen oxides from combustion fumes with on-site generation of ammonia

A method for the control of nitrogen oxides content in the combustion fumes of a thermal power plant is disclosed; the method comprises the on-site production of ammonia by the steps of: electrolysis of water as a source of hydrogen; separation of air as a source of nitrogen, formation of a make-up gas and synthesis of ammonia in a suitable synthesis loop; said on-site produced ammonia, or a solution thereof, is used for a process of reduction of nitrogen oxides in the combustion fumes.. . ... Casale Sa

Process for production of ammonia and derivatives, in particular urea

A process for producing ammonia and a derivative of ammonia from a natural gas feed comprising conversion of natural gas into a make-up synthesis gas; synthesis of ammonia; use of said ammonia to produce said derivative of ammonia, wherein a portion of the natural gas feed is used to fuel a gas engine; power produced by said gas engine; is transferred to at least one power user of the process, such as a compressor; heat is re-covered from exhaust gas of said gas engine;, and at least part of said heat may be recovered as low-grade heat available at a temperature not greater than 200° c., to provide process heating to at least one thermal user of the process, such as co2 removal unit or absorption chiller; a corresponding plant and method of modernization are also disclosed.. . ... Casale Sa

Apparatus and method for prilling a liquid, preferably urea melt

Apparatus for prilling a liquid, comprising a distributor for supplying said liquid, at least one dispenser, and a pulse generator, wherein said pulse generator: is situated in either one of said supply distributor and said dispenser; is passed through by at least a portion of said liquid; and comprises at least a first surface and a second surface, which face each other and perform a relative movement and comprise respective passages for the liquid; and wherein said first surface and second surface, which are passed through by the liquid, generate in the liquid periodic pulses of pressure having a predetermined frequency dependent on the relative speed of said two surfaces.. . ... Casale Sa

A method for revamping an ammonia plant

A method for revamping an ammonia plant including a steam system, said steam system comprising at least a high-pressure section operating at a first pressure and a medium-pressure section operating at a second pressure lower than said first pressure, the revamping including: the provision of at least one additional heat recovery by means of a steam flow at a third pressure which is intermediate between said first and second pressure, and the provision of a steam export line arranged to export outside the ammonia plant at least a portion of said steam flow at said third pressure.. . ... Casale Sa

Production of ammonia make-up syngas with cryogenic purification

A process and a related equipment for making ammonia make-up synthesis gas are disclosed, where: a hydrocarbon feedstock is reformed obtaining a raw ammonia make-up syngas stream; said raw syngas is purified in a cryogenic purification section refrigerated by a nitrogen-rich stream produced in an air separation unit; the nitrogen-rich stream at output of said cryogenic section is further used for adjusting the hydrogen/nitrogen ratio of the purified make-up syngas; an oxygen-rich stream is also produced in said air separation unit and is fed to the reforming section.. . ... Casale Sa

07/20/17 / #20170205147

Shell and tube heat exchanger

Shell and tube heat exchanger (1) comprising a first outer shell (2) and a tube bundle (3), inlet and outlet interfaces communicating with the shell side and with the tube side for a first fluid and for a second fluid respectively, wherein the exchanger comprises a second shell (4) which is inside said first shell (2) and surrounds said tube bundle (3); said second shell (4) comprises at least one releasable longitudinal joint (32) and a plurality of longitudinal sections connected by releasable joints; said second shell (4) delimits the shell side of the exchanger (1) around said tube bundle (3), and further defines a flushing interspace (5) communicating with said shell side, said first fluid flows through said shell side along one or more longitudinal passages, and said first fluid and said second fluid are counter-current along said one or more longitudinal passages.. . ... Casale Sa

07/06/17 / #20170189874

Horizontal catalytic reactor

Horizontal reactor (1) for catalytic reactions, comprising an outer cylindrical shell (2), a catalytic bed (5) and heat exchange plates (6) immersed in said catalytic bed, parallel to each other and supplied with a heat exchange fluid; said reactor comprises a container (7) for said catalytic bed (5) and said plates (6), said container is extractable slidably from said shell, by means of at least one linear guide (31, 32, 45) extended longitudinally with respect to said shell (2).. . ... Casale Sa

06/15/17 / #20170166536

Combined reactor for high-pressure synthesis of melamine

A reactor and associated process for the high-pressure synthesis of melamine from urea, comprising a primary step of conversion of the urea into crude melamine inside a first chamber delimited by a shell inside a reactor body and a secondary step of stripping said crude melamine melt inside a second reaction chamber, which is coaxial with and situated outside said first chamber, inside the same reactor body.. . ... Casale Sa

06/01/17 / #20170152218

Process for production of ammonia and derivatives, in particular urea

A process for producing ammonia and a derivative of ammonia from a natural gas feed comprising conversion of natural gas into a make-up synthesis gas; synthesis of ammonia; use of said ammonia to produce said derivative of ammonia, wherein a portion of the natural gas feed is used to fuel a gas turbine; power produced by said gas turbine is transferred to at least one power user of the process, such as a compressor; heat is recovered from exhaust gas of said gas turbine, and at least part of said heat is recovered as low-grade heat available at a temperature not greater than 200° c., to provide process heating to at least one thermal user of the process, such as co2 removal unit or absorption chiller; a corresponding plant and method of modernization are also disclosed.. . ... Casale Sa

05/18/17 / #20170138590

Burner for the production of synthesis gas

A burner suitable for the over stoichiometric combustion of a hydrocarbon source, comprising a nozzle (2) for the formation of a diffusion flame outside the burner, and said nozzle (2) comprising one (20) or more (21, 22) tubular bodies which define a channel (25) or a plurality of coaxial channels (23, 24) for respective reactant streams, wherein the or each of the tubular bodies forming said nozzle (2) are made of a technical ceramic material.. . ... Casale Sa

05/11/17 / #20170128902

Radial flow horizontal catalytic reactor

Horizontal adiabatic reactor (1) for heterogeneous catalytic reactions, comprising an outer cylindrical shell (2), an inlet (6) for reagent gases and an outlet (7) for gaseous products, a basket (10, 13) containing a catalytic bed (5a, 5b) positioned horizontally inside said reactor, wherein said reactor is configured in such a way that the gases cross said catalytic bed in a radial or axial-radial manner, said shell (2) has a cover (4) which can be opened and which defines an opening (20), and said basket (10, 13) is extractable horizontally from said opening.. . ... Casale Sa

04/20/17 / #20170107177

Process for synthesis of urea and a related arrangement for a reaction section of a urea plant

A process for synthesis of urea and a related reaction section of a urea plant, where: ammonia and carbon dioxide are reacted in a liquid phase in a first reaction zone (s1) and heat (q1) is withdrawn from said first reaction zone to promote the formation of ammonium carbamate, the liquid product (103) from said first reaction zone is then passed to a second reaction zone (s2) distinguished from said first reaction zone, and heat (q2) is added to said second reaction zone to promote the decomposition of ammonium carbamate into urea and water, where the liquid phase in at least one of said first reaction zone and second reaction zone is kept in a stirred condition. A downflow reactor for carrying out the above process is also disclosed.. ... Casale Sa

04/13/17 / #20170102333

Method for in-line quantitative analysis of a stream in a production plant for the synthesis of urea

The invention discloses the use of raman spectroscopy to analyze one or more process streams (5) of a urea synthesis production plant, where urea is synthesised from ammonia and carbon dioxide at high pressure (100-300 bar) and high temperature (50-250° c.). The radiation generated by the raman scattering is analyzed to determine the concentration of components such as urea, ammonia and carbon dioxide in the process streams (5). ... Casale Sa

03/23/17 / #20170081297

Process and plant for the synthesis of urea and melamine

An integrated process for the synthesis of urea and melamine, wherein: urea is synthesized with a stripping process in a high-pressure synthesis loop comprising a reactor, a stripper and a carbamate condenser, and the urea solution leaving said stripper is sent to a recovery section to produce a concentrated urea product and a recovered carbamate solution; at least part of said urea product is converted to melamine, and the off-gas from the synthesis of melamine are recycled to the urea synthesis by mixing with the gas phase from the stripper and with said recovered carbamate solution, thus forming a mixed flow which is then condensed in said carbamate condenser, and the condensate is eventually directed to the reactor.. . ... Casale Sa

02/02/17 / #20170029282

Method for revamping a front-end of an ammonia plant

A method for revamping a front-end of an ammonia plant, said front-end comprising a reforming section (1, 2) with air-fired secondary reformer or autothermal reformer (2), a treatment section (3) of the effluent from said reforming section, and an air feed compressor (6), wherein an o2-containing stream (8) is directed to said reforming section (2) for use as oxidant, at least one nitrogen stream (9) is introduced at a suitable location of the front-end, to provide a desired molar ratio between hydrogen and nitrogen in the product gas, and at least part of said nitrogen stream (9) is compressed via said feed compressor (6).. . ... Casale Sa

02/02/17 / #20170028373

Isothermal tubular catalytic reactor

Isothermal catalytic reactor (1) comprising a catalytic bed (2) and a tubular heat exchanger immersed in said catalytic bed, wherein the exchanger is formed by straight tubes connected to a distributor (6) and to a header (7) formed by preferably toroidal bodies which support the said tubes, and wherein the catalytic bed is of the type crossed by an inward radial flow.. . ... Casale Sa

01/19/17 / #20170015636

High-pressure reactor for the synthesis of melamine

Reactor for the synthesis of melamine from urea, in accordance with the high-pressure non-catalytic process, comprising: a vertical reactor body (1), at least one inlet (2) for the urea melt, a set of heating elements (3), and a central duct (7), said set of heating elements (3) being arranged inside said central duct.. . ... Casale Sa








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