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Nokia Corporation patents


Recent patent applications related to Nokia Corporation. Nokia Corporation is listed as an Agent/Assignee. Note: Nokia Corporation may have other listings under different names/spellings. We're not affiliated with Nokia Corporation, we're just tracking patents.

ARCHIVE: New 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 | Company Directory "N" | Nokia Corporation-related inventors


 new patent  Minimization of service interruption during relay reselection in device-to-device (d2d) based user equipment (ue)-to-network relay

Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for minimizing service interruption during relay reselection in d2d based ue-to-network relay are provided.. . ... Nokia Corporation

 new patent  Averaged end-user throughput evaluation

Methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for measuring throughput as a measure of performance and/or quality of service are provided. One method comprises, over an observation period for at least one of an uplink direction and a downlink direction, measuring an amount of padding bits in each protocol data unit (pdu) that is successfully transmitted in the said direction and that carries data relevant to a given throughput measure. ... Nokia Corporation

 new patent  Distributed audio mixing

A method is disclosed, which comprises receiving a plurality of audio signals representing audio from respective audio sources in a space; defining for each audio source a spatial audio field indicative of the propagation of its audio signals within the space. For a first audio source is defined a restricted zone within its spatial audio field. ... Nokia Corporation

 new patent  An apparatus, a method and a computer program for video coding and decoding

A method for motion compensated prediction of a video frame or slice that is bi-directionally encoded, the method comprising creating a first intermediate forward motion compensated sample prediction lo and a second intermediate backward motion compensated sample prediction l1; identifying one or more subsets of samples based on the difference between lo and l1 predictions; and determining a motion compensation process to be applied at least on said one or more subsets of samples to compensate for the difference. For example, bi-directional prediction (b) is not used for samples (4, 5) for which the difference is larger than a predefined threshold.. ... Nokia Corporation

 new patent  Mechanism for executing server discovery

A mechanism to ensure that the same server/proxy is selected by different server/proxy discovery mechanisms executed in a network control element and a terminal equipment, respectively. A first selection of a server/proxy is executed by a network control element on the basis of a first discovery procedure. ... Nokia Corporation

 new patent  Control of unwanted network traffic

According to embodiments of the present invention, trust evaluation is performed on network entities including a host and a network node with privacy preservation to determine an unwanted traffic source. The trust evaluation is based on detection reports from the hosts and monitoring reports from the network nodes. ... Nokia Corporation

 new patent  Certificate verification

According to an example aspect, there is provided an apparatus comprising at least one processing core, at least one memory including computer program code, the at least one memory and the computer program code being configured to, with the at least one processing core, cause the apparatus at least to participate in establishment of a secured protocol connection, receive over a first interface a certificate in connection with the establishment of the secured protocol connection, receive, in connection with the establishment of the secured protocol connection, over a second interface, information concerning the certificate, and compare the certificate to the information concerning the certificate.. . ... Nokia Corporation

 new patent  Filtering depth map image

There is inter alia a method comprising: partitioning a depth map image into at least one block; partitioning a texture image into at least one block, wherein the size and position of the at least one block of the texture image corresponds to the size and position of the at least one block of the depth image; determining a depth property value for the at least one block of the depth map image; determining a texture property value for the at least one block of the texture image; using the depth property value for the at least one block of the depth map image and the texture property value for the at least one block of the texture image to select a set of filter parameters from a look up table; and filtering the at least one block of the depth map image with a filter based on the selected set of filter parameters.. . ... Nokia Corporation

 new patent  Diverse activation functions for deep neural networks

In accordance with an example embodiment of the present invention, a method comprising: obtaining a plurality of training samples; employing a set of activation functions on a plurality of layers of a deep neural network, wherein the set of activation functions varies with the plurality of layers; and applying the activation functions on the plurality of training samples.. . ... Nokia Corporation

 new patent  Apparatus, method and computer program for enabling charging of a vehicle

An apparatus (1), method and computer program wherein the apparatus (1) comprises: processing circuitry (5); and memory circuitry (7) including computer program code (11); the memory circuitry (7) and the computer program code (11) configured to, with the processing circuitry (7), cause the apparatus (1) at least to perform: obtaining information from a solar powered vehicle (31) wherein the information comprises at least a current location of the solar powered vehicle (31); obtaining information (25) relating to distribution of solar power in a predetermined area; using the obtained information to determine a solar power charging strategy (27); and enabling the solar powered vehicle (31) to access the solar power charging strategy (27).. . ... Nokia Corporation

Nokia Technologies Oy

. . ... Nokia Corporation

Radio link problem handling in mobile communication systems

There are provided measures for enabling/realizing more efficient radio link problem handling in a mobile communication system. Such measures exemplarily comprise detecting a radio problem of a radio link carrying a network connection of a communication device, and initiating a recovery procedure for recovering the connection on said radio link and a re-establishment procedure for re-establishing the connection on an alternative radio link, upon detection of the radio link problem, before a radio link failure of said radio link is declared.. ... Nokia Corporation

Random access response message transmission

Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for random access procedure are provided. One method includes selecting, by a user equipment, a subframe for a first transmission of a preamble based on a configuration broadcast by an evolved node b (enb). ... Nokia Corporation

Frequency selection for broadband transmissions among a shared spectrum

Various communication systems may benefit from improved radio frequency transmissions. For example, communication systems may benefit from the selection of a frequency band based on measurements of a spectrum surrounding the user equipment. ... Nokia Corporation

05/10/18 / #20180132240

Switching carrier frequency while user equipment is in off cycle

A method may include determining, by a base station, a switching occasion during which at least one connected user equipment will be in a connected off cycle and at least one idle user equipment will be in an idle off cycle, instructing the at least one connected user equipment and at least one idle user equipment to switch, during the switching occasion, from communicating with the base station via a source carrier frequency to communicating with the base station via a target carrier frequency, and switching, during the switching occasion, from communicating with the at least one connected user equipment and the at least one idle user equipment via the source carrier frequency to communicating with the at least one connected user equipment and the at least one idle user equipment via the target carrier frequency.. . ... Nokia Corporation

05/10/18 / #20180132203

Location detection using radio signal capabilities

Various communication systems may benefit from improved positioning technology. For example, communication systems may benefit from taking into account radio signal capabilities of the user equipment when determining the position of the user equipment. ... Nokia Corporation

05/10/18 / #20180132134

Sending multiple g-pdus with a single udp datagram

It is provided a method, comprising encapsulating plural packet data units into a datagram of a user datagram protocol, wherein each of the plural packet data units comprises a respective header of a tunneling protocol and a respective user data packet, and each of the headers indicates a length of the respective packet data unit.. . ... Nokia Corporation

05/10/18 / #20180132128

Lossless bearer reconfiguration from use of longer to shorter sequence number

Various communication systems may benefit from appropriate handling of reconfiguration. For example, certain wireless communication systems may benefit from lossless bearer reconfiguration when handling a transition from the user of a longer sequence number to a shorter sequence number. ... Nokia Corporation

05/10/18 / #20180131951

Video encoding and decoding

A method comprising: encoding pictures into a bitstream, the bitstream comprising at least two scalability layers, pictures being associated with access units and pictures being associated individually with one of the at least two scalability layers; indicating in the bitstream inter-layer prediction dependencies, indicative of direct reference layers, if any, of a first scalability layer and indirect reference layers, if any, of the first scalability layer; selecting an earlier picture in decoding order as a basis for deriving picture order count (poc) related variables for a current picture based on a pre-defined algorithm, the current picture being associated with a current scalability layer, wherein the earlier picture is the closest preceding picture, in decoding order, to the current picture among a set of pictures that are associated with the current scalability layer or any direct or indirect reference layer of the current scalability layer.. . ... Nokia Corporation

05/10/18 / #20180131730

User identities for ptt and mcptt

It is provided a method, comprising supervising if an information in a registration request is received from a registrar of a network domain, wherein the information comprises an application identity of a user of a terminal device and a network identity; storing, based on the received information, a binding between the application identity and the network identity; determining the network identity based on the binding and a received first request for establishing a communication to the terminal device; providing, based on the received first request, to the network domain, a second request for establishing the communication towards the terminal device, wherein the second request is based on the determined network identity.. . ... Nokia Corporation

05/10/18 / #20180131549

Enhancing data transfer

There is provided a method comprising: obtaining, by an apparatus, a first data block, a second data block and a third data block; generating a first signal, wherein a first part of the first signal is generated based on a data of the first data block, and wherein a second part of the first signal is generated based on a data of the second data block, the second part being subsequent in time domain compared with the first part; generating a second signal, wherein a first part of the second signal is generated based on a data of the third data block, and wherein a second part of the second signal is generated based on the data of the second data block, the second part being subsequent in time domain compared with the first part; and transmitting the first and second signals.. . ... Nokia Corporation

05/03/18 / #20180124867

Method of verifying an operation of a mobile radio communication network

A method for verifying an operation of a mobile radio communication network is provided, wherein the method comprises sending an initiation message from a first network entity to a second network entity, the initiation message defining an undo request and comprising an undo section defining an undo area, a triggering_cm section indicating changes to the network, and an assistance section; receiving an assistance-response message, the assistance-response message comprising the undo section, and an assisted_cm section; and sending an assistance-acknowledge message including an ack flag and the undo section from the first network entity to the second network entity.. . ... Nokia Corporation

05/03/18 / #20180124851

Inter-enb carrier aggregation

In a communication system where a primary cell is controlled by a first base station and a secondary cell is controlled by a second, different base station, flow control is performed between the primary cell and the secondary cell for data for a radio link control layer. According to the flow control, the data for the radio link control layer is communicated between the first and second base stations using a link between the first and second base stations. ... Nokia Corporation

05/03/18 / #20180124670

Indicating channel usage in wireless network

This document discloses a solution for providing channel usage information. In an embodiment, an apparatus managing a wireless network and being in an unassociated state towards an access node managing another wireless network is provided with the channel usage information. ... Nokia Corporation

05/03/18 / #20180124551

Session continuity for ipv6 over bluetooth low energy

Methods and apparatus, including computer program products, are provided for communications. In one aspect there is provided a method. ... Nokia Corporation

05/03/18 / #20180124543

Audio processing

A method comprising: causing rendering of a first sound scene comprising multiple first sound objects; in response to direct or indirect user specification of a change in sound scene from the first sound scene to a mixed sound scene based in part on the first sound scene and in part on a second sound scene, causing selection of one or more second sound objects of the second sound scene comprising multiple second sound objects; causing selection of one or more first sound objects in the first sound scene; and causing rendering of a mixed sound scene by rendering the first sound scene while de-emphasising the selected one or more first sound objects and emphasising the selected one or more second sound objects.. . ... Nokia Corporation

05/03/18 / #20180124291

Method, apparatus and computer program product for creating virtual reality content of an event

In an example embodiment, method, apparatus and computer program product are provided. The method includes facilitating receipt of a plurality of vr contents and a plurality of video contents associated with an event captured by a plurality of vr cameras and a plurality of user camera devices, respectively. ... Nokia Corporation

05/03/18 / #20180124186

Using cellular identifiers in intelligent transport systems communication infrastructure

The present invention provides apparatuses, methods, computer programs, computer program products and computer-readable media regarding using cellular identifiers in intelligent transport systems (its) communication infrastructure. The method includes composing a header of a message to be distributed within the intelligent transport system by the communication node, the communication node being capable of communicating at least in accordance with a cellular network, and inserting into the header at least one identifier according to the cellular communication network of the communication node.. ... Nokia Corporation

05/03/18 / #20180123885

Building and applying operational experiences for cm operations

The present invention provides apparatuses, methods, computer programs, computer program products and computer-readable media regarding building and applying operational experiences for cm operations. The present invention comprises collecting operational experience information on executed operations from various logical entities via an interface, the collected operational experience information including execution data, and performance data concerning the executed operation, analyzing the operational experience information of the executed operations, storing the operational experience information of the executed operations in the central entity, and arranging the operational experience information of executed operations into different groups in the central entity according to similarities in the analyzed execution data of the operational experience information.. ... Nokia Corporation

05/03/18 / #20180123768

Per-protocol data unit delivery-path indication

Indication of delivery-path information may benefit various communication systems. For example, wireless communication systems may benefit from per-protocol data unit delivery-path indication to data recipient or from setting a timer expiry value dependent on such received information. ... Nokia Corporation

05/03/18 / #20180123752

Method and apparatus for handling data activity of a secondary cell

A method and apparatus may include determining a channel between a secondary cell and a user equipment. The method may also include transmitting information relating to the channel to a primay cell of a second network node. ... Nokia Corporation

05/03/18 / #20180123719

Coordinated interference cancellation in wireless network

An example technique includes receiving, by a user device, a first signal including a first user device-specific signal from a base station and one or more interfering signals, the first user device-specific signal being received based on a first modulation and coding scheme (mcs), determining, by the user device, whether the user device can perform interference cancellation for the one or more interfering signals, sending, by the user device to the base station, an interference cancellation feedback message including at least, for each of the one or more interfering signals, an interference cancellation capability indication that indicates whether or not the user device can perform interference cancellation for the interfering signal, receiving an updated mcs, wherein the updated mcs is based, at least in part, on the interference from the interference cancellation feedback message, and receiving, by the user device based on the updated mcs, a second signal.. . ... Nokia Corporation

05/03/18 / #20180123255

Polarized filtenna, such as a dual polarized filtenna, and arrays and apparatus using same

An apparatus includes a filtenna. The filtenna includes a block having a waveguide formed therein, and having first and second ends, wherein the first end is closed and the second end radiates to free space. ... Nokia Corporation

05/03/18 / #20180122395

Virtual duplex operation

A method including, while first audio signals from a first user are being transmitted on a first bandwidth from a first apparatus, detecting transmitting of second audio signals from a second user by a second apparatus; and based upon the detecting of the second audio signals from the second apparatus, reducing the transmitting of the first audio signals on the first bandwidth to transmitting of the first audio signals on at least one first relatively smaller sub-band of the first bandwidth.. . ... Nokia Corporation

05/03/18 / #20180120132

Method, apparatus and computer program product for providing sensor data collection and sensor configuration

A method, apparatus and computer program product provide data collection via a plurality of sensors, user authentication, data storage, and sensor replacement and configuration. The sensors may be integrated in or on various types of devices and/or household objects and may provide a wide range of data regarding users, use of the respective items, and/or their environments. ... Nokia Corporation

04/19/18 / #20180110082

Fast activation of multi-connectivity utilizing uplink signals

Embodiments herein provide a method for fast activation of multi-connectivity utilizing uplink signals. According to an example embodiment, a method includes: transmitting, by a user equipment, at least one uplink signal to a plurality of network nodes of a wireless network based at least on the user equipment being in a first radio resource control state such that the user equipment maintains connectivity with one of the network nodes; receiving at least one connection message including a command to connect to at least two of the network nodes for communication, wherein the command is based at least on measurements extracted from the at least one uplink signal; in response to the at least one connection message, changing from the first radio resource control state to a second radio resource control state; and transmitting data utilizing multiple communication links via the at least two network nodes.. ... Nokia Corporation

04/19/18 / #20180109979

Method and apparatus for providing an indication regarding ip address preservation following a transfer involving a wireless local area network

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided to facilitate the transition of user equipment between basic service sets within a wlan or from a basic service set within a wlan to a cellular data link of a cellular network. In the context of a method from the perspective of the user equipment, a message is received that identifies one or more basic service sets or cellular data links to which user equipment is potentially capable of transferring. ... Nokia Corporation

04/19/18 / #20180109975

Detection and mitigation of signalling anomalies in wireless network

This document discloses a solution for detecting and mitigating anomalies such as signalling storms in a radio access network of a wireless communication system. According to an aspect, there is disclosed a method including receiving, in a first local traffic analysis module, configuration parameters from a second local traffic analysis module or from a central traffic analysis module connected to a plurality of local traffic analysis modules; monitoring, by a first traffic analysis module by using the received configuration parameters, traffic in a radio access network of a wireless communication system; detecting, in the monitored traffic on the basis of the configuration parameters, an anomaly causing a control plane signalling load; and in response to said detecting, taking an action to mitigate the anomaly and reporting information on the anomaly to the central traffic analysis module.. ... Nokia Corporation

04/19/18 / #20180109956

Method and apparatus for securing timing packets over untrusted packet transport network

Methods, devices, systems, techniques, and computer program products are provided to secure timing synchronization to network nodes connected over an inherently insecure best effort public network with mechanisms to improve accuracy of timing protocols such as a statistically estimated edge timestamp offset encoded into the timing message to account for network jitter and processing latency variances incurred due to the security packet processing and encryption; to ensure slave network nodes shall only accept timing messages from trusted timing sources; to establish a secure tunnel with a trusted timing source for exchange of timing packets; to provide authentication and security for timing packets over the insecure public network; and to enhance message anonymity with variable payload padding.. . ... Nokia Corporation

04/19/18 / #20180109911

Network location reporting broadcast bearer management

Various communication systems may benefit from network location reporting. For example, such reporting may be beneficial in the establishment of a multimedia broadcast/multicast service bearer for media traffic delivery from a group communication service application server or other similar device or system. ... Nokia Corporation

04/19/18 / #20180109901

Audio object modification in free-viewpoint rendering

A method including, during a free-viewpoint rendering to a user, where the free-viewpoint rendering comprises rendering of an audio object, and during relative movement between a location of the user and the audio object in the free-viewpoint rendering, detecting a locational conflict abnormality between the audio object and the location of the user; and based upon the detecting of the locational conflict abnormality, changing the rendering of the audio object, where the changing is based upon at least one predetermined abnormality modification parameter.. . ... Nokia Corporation

04/19/18 / #20180109379

Fibre-optic communication based on dual-rail and polarization encoding

According to an example aspect, there is provided an apparatus comprising a first optical converter coupled to a fibre interface and to two waveguides, a dual rail encoder configured to encode dual rail form light from the two waveguides with payload information, and wherein the dual rail encoder is coupled to the first optical converter or to a second optical converter disposed between the dual rail encoder and the fibre interface, and wherein the first optical converter or the second optical converter is coupled so as to provide polarization encoded light into the fibre interface.. . ... Nokia Corporation

04/19/18 / #20180109286

Frequency hopping method for machine type communication

A method and apparatus may include receiving, by a machine type communication user equipment, parameters for frequency hopping in downlink or uplink. The parameters comprise an “x,” ‘y,” and “z” parameters, “x” corresponds to a duration for which the same physical resource blocks are used for transmission. ... Nokia Corporation

04/19/18 / #20180106622

An apparatus and associated methods for use in live navigation

An apparatus comprising a processor and memory including computer program code, the memory and computer program code configured to, with the processor, enable the apparatus at least to: for a defined road journey through a road network from a start location to an end location, assign respective sub-portions of the defined road journey to each of a group of mobile devices associated with one or more travellers for the road journey according to at least one predefined assignment criterion, wherein each of the group of mobile devices is configured for provision of live mapping data for live navigation of the respective sub-portion of the road journey.. . ... Nokia Corporation

04/19/18 / #20180103868

Apparatuses and methods for measuring skin resistance

A method comprising receiving, from a circuit, information indicative of a skin resistance between an inner electrode and an outer electrode, the inner electrode being disposed on at least part of an inner surface of a housing, the outer electrode being disposed on at least part of an outer surface of the housing such that the outer electrode is separated from the inner electrode, the housing being configured to be in contact with or at least partially encircle a body part of a user of the housing, such that the inner surface of the housing is configured to at least partially contact the body part and the outer surface of the housing is configured to avoid contact with the body part, and determining a galvanic skin response of the user based, at least in part, on the skin resistance when the outer electrode is in contact with the user.. . ... Nokia Corporation

04/12/18 / #20180103503

Using networking relationship in configuring radio connectivity

There is provided a solution for using application layer information to establish clusters in a cell of a cellular communication system. In an embodiment, there is acquired at least one information element representing application layer networking relationship of a first user account associated with a first terminal device with at least a second user account of a second terminal device. ... Nokia Corporation

04/12/18 / #20180103482

Channel quality indicator reporting

A method, computer program and apparatus operate when resuming data transmission/reception upon activation of a serving cell, or after a long in-device coexistence interference avoidance gap, to determine whether to report to a network access node an in-device coexistence interference indicator value and send the in-device coexistence interference indicator value to the network access node, the in-device coexistence interference indicator value is reported to the network access node for a certain period if any periodic channel quality indication resource is configured for the cell, or if an aperiodic channel quality indication for the cell is requested from the network access node.. . ... Nokia Corporation

04/12/18 / #20180103474

Intelligent conditional scaling for unlicensed cells

Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for efficient support of conditional scaling for unlicensed cells are provided.. . ... Nokia Corporation

04/12/18 / #20180103317

Audio capture with multiple microphones

An apparatus including at least one processor and at least one memory including computer program code configured to: when the apparatus is in a voice phone call mode of sound capture, output a signal from a first microphone as a primary speech signal, and select one or more second microphones to output a noise reduction signal, where the apparatus comprises at least two of the second microphones, and where selection of the one or more second microphones is based at least partially upon a determined use of the apparatus being either a handportable or an integrated handsfree use; and/or when the apparatus is in a multi-media mode of sound capture select one or more of the microphones to output audio signals based upon both a determined type of sound capture feature being used by the apparatus and based upon a determined orientation of the apparatus.. . ... Nokia Corporation

04/12/18 / #20180102892

Enhanced carrier aggregation in communications

A method comprises defining (401), in a network node (e nb), scheduled downlink carriers from a list of configured downlink carriers. The network node (e nb) defines (401) a downlink assignment index of the scheduled carrier having at least the lowest carrier index from the list of configured carriers, based on a total number of scheduled carriers. ... Nokia Corporation

04/12/18 / #20180102223

Apparatus and associated methods for electrical storage

An apparatus including a first charge collector and an ionic layer, the ionic layer configured to absorb water from the surrounding environment to deliver said water to the apparatus, the apparatus including graphene oxide provided on the first charge collector, the graphene oxide configured to generate protons in the presence of water; a second conductive material spaced apart from the first charge collector, the second material having a lower work function than the first charge collector, the graphene oxide extending from the first charge collector to be in contact with the second material at an interface; wherein the ionic layer is in contact with the graphene oxide and the second material; and wherein the ionic layer includes a room temperature ionic fluid and a solidifying material which provides for the ionic layer to be a solid at room temperature.. . ... Nokia Corporation

04/12/18 / #20180098701

Physiological measurement sensor

A sensor comprising: including a first light detector and a second light detector configured to concurrently detect light, and an optical blocking filter. The first light detector is configured to detect light that enters the sensor to produce a first detected signal, the optical blocking filter is configured to filter the light that enters the sensor to produce filtered light, and the second light detector is configured to detect the filtered light to produce a second detected signal. ... Nokia Corporation

04/05/18 / #20180098356

Common random access channel resource based coordinated random access

Various communication systems may benefit from reliable random access. For example, fifth generation (5g) wireless communication systems may benefit from a coordinated reliable random access technique based on common random access channel resources for a quality of service aware multi-connectivity link. ... Nokia Corporation

04/05/18 / #20180098345

Dynamic codebook adaptation for enhanced carrier aggregation

A method and apparatus may include determining, by a network node, a plurality of carrier groups. The method may also configuring a user equipment to use the plurality of carrier groups. ... Nokia Corporation

04/05/18 / #20180098315

Allocation of resources in physical uplink control channels

Various communication systems may benefit from carrier aggregation. For example, carrier aggregation may benefit from improved resource allocation. ... Nokia Corporation

04/05/18 / #20180098290

Initial setting and configuration of e-utran for energy-efficient iops

Initial setting and configuration of e-utran for energy-efficient iops certain embodiments of the invention generally relate to initial setting and configuration of e-utran for energy-efficient isolated e-utran operation for public safety. A method may include determining an initial configuration mode of a network element for setting up a self-controlled radio access network. ... Nokia Corporation

04/05/18 / #20180098289

Beam management for interference mitigation for wireless networks

A technique of reducing interference at a wireless node includes: determining a location of a base station relative to a wireless node, determining, based at least on the location of the base station relative to the wireless node, a beam-reduction region that includes one or more interfering transmit beams of the base station within the beam-reduction region, and causing the base station to decrease a transmit power for the one or more interfering transmit beams within the beam-reduction region.. . ... Nokia Corporation

04/05/18 / #20180098246

Coexistence of software defined network, network function virtualization and legacy networks

The present invention addresses method, apparatus and computer program product for enabling improved coexistence of software defined network, network function virtualization, and legacy networks. Thereby, information about characteristics of available core network nodes is obtained, it is determined, upon receiving a signaling request from a network node, which type of network node the signaling network node is, among at least a legacy network node, a virtualized network node and a software defined networking network node, and at least one network node to be used as gateway is selected from the available core network nodes, according to the determined type of signaling/originating network node and a policy set in advance for minimizing traffic load.. ... Nokia Corporation

04/05/18 / #20180098223

Enb controlled ue based conditional carrier selection

In accordance with an example embodiment of the present invention, a method, comprising: receiving an information regarding one or more uplink grants of an assigned component carrier to use to transmit data; determining a set of uplink component carriers of licensed-assisted uplink component carriers that are considered as conditional uplink component carriers to use to transmit data; determining whether the assigned component carrier is available to transmit the data; based on determining that the assigned component carrier is not available to transmit the data, identifying a component carrier of the at least one conditional uplink component carrier of the licensed-assisted uplink component carriers that is available to transmit the data; and transmitting the data on the identified available component carrier of the licensed-assisted uplink component carriers, is disclosed.. . ... Nokia Corporation

04/05/18 / #20180097609

Nr pucch coverage extension

Methods, apparatuses, and computer programs for nr pucch coverage extension are disclosed. A plurality of slots to be allocated for a user equipment may be determined by a base station. ... Nokia Corporation

04/05/18 / #20180097547

Indicating optional parameter groups

Various communication systems may benefit from improved network communications. For example, messages sent to a user equipment may benefit from having optional configurations of parameters. ... Nokia Corporation

04/05/18 / #20180096705

Method of editing audio signals using separated objects and associated apparatus

A method comprises providing an audio file comprising two or more discrete tracks; separating the two or more discrete tracks; setting a limit on an amount at least one of the two or more discrete tracks may be altered; and outputting the separated and limited discrete tracks as a file for use by an end user.. . ... Nokia Corporation

04/05/18 / #20180096633

Method and apparatus for supplementing an article with contextually-relevant health data

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided to present health data of a user in a more informed context. In relation to a method, an article is identified that provides health-related information and health data of a user is identified that is associated with the health-related information of the article. ... Nokia Corporation

04/05/18 / #20180095535

Haptic feedback reorganization

A method including providing haptic feedback to a user along a surface of a touch interactive device in use; and changing the haptic feedback to the user during a touch motion on the touch interactive device, where the touch interface device performs at least one operation based upon at least a portion of the touch motion, where the at least one operation provides an information associated with the at least one operation separate from the haptic feedback, and where the changing of the haptic feedback is based at least partially upon at least one of the information and the at least one operation.. . ... Nokia Corporation

03/29/18 / #20180092087

Flexible reference signal design

A radio network sub-tiles reference signals (rss) within a set of resource elements (res) such that each sub-tiled rs occupies less than a time and/or frequency and/or power extent of its respective re. The set of res are dispersed across both frequency bins and time slots according to a pre-defined grid; and transmitted. ... Nokia Corporation

03/29/18 / #20180092010

Small cell mobility with dual/multi connectivity

There are provided measures for improvements in small cell mobility with dual/multi connectivity. Such measures exemplarily comprise terminating at least one control plane signaling connection from said terminal for said at least first network access entity and second network access entity, maintaining a terminal related access stratum context commonly for radio accesses of said terminal to said at least first network access entity and second network access entity, and initiating switching of said radio access of said terminal from said first network access entity to said second network access entity for user plane data transfer with said control plane signaling connection for said second network access entity being applied unchanged, thereby providing, in a control plane for a terminal, connection management for at least a first network access entity and a second network access entity, wherein said at least first network access entity and second network access entity providing radio access for user plane data transfer for said terminal, wherein said terminal being capable of having radio access to said at least first network access entity and second network access entity for user plane data transfer.. ... Nokia Corporation

03/29/18 / #20180091986

Buffer management for wireless networks

A technique includes making a decision to perform a handover of a user device from a source cell to a target cell at a scheduled handover time, determining, by a source base station associated with the source cell, an estimated data rate for transmitting data from the source cell to the user device between a time of the handover decision and the scheduled handover time, determining, based on the estimated data rate and a difference between the time of the handover decision and the scheduled handover time, a portion of data stored in a data buffer associated with the source cell for the user device to be forwarded to the target cell before the scheduled handover time, and forwarding, from the source cell to the target cell before the scheduled handover time, the portion of data stored in the data buffer for the user device.. . ... Nokia Corporation

03/29/18 / #20180091915

Fitting background ambiance to sound objects

Embodiments of these teachings concern integrating a sound object audio file such as an audio object recorded by a lavalier microphone to a spatial audio signal. First the sound object audio file is obtained and then a direction and an active duration of the sound object audio file is determined. ... Nokia Corporation

03/29/18 / #20180091268

Method and apparatus for resource aggregation in wireless communications

Methods and apparatus for cell aggregation are disclosed. In accordance with one aspect information regarding a predefined maximum number of cells that can be aggregated by a communication device on a single carrier resource is sent by the communication device. ... Nokia Corporation

03/29/18 / #20180091264

Method, system and apparatus

There is provided a method comprising causing uplink feedback information to be transmitted via a radio interface of a first access point, wherein the uplink feedback information is associated with a protocol entity for downlink data transmission via a radio interface of a second access point only.. . ... Nokia Corporation

03/29/18 / #20180091213

Mobile base station receiver digitalization capacity enhancement using combined analog signals

Various communication systems may benefit from capacity enhancement. A method can include receiving, via a first antenna, a first signal on a first analog radio frequency. ... Nokia Corporation

03/29/18 / #20180091100

Multiple-band matching network for a doherty power amplifier and amplifiers, transmitters, and base stations using the same

An apparatus includes a doherty pa having an input, an output manifold, and peaking and main amplifier paths. The peaking amplifier path includes peaking amplifier(s) configured to amplify signals over multiple frequency bands. ... Nokia Corporation

03/29/18 / #20180090622

A method and apparatus for providing a transistor

A method and apparatus wherein the method comprises: providing at least one electrode within a semiconductor layer wherein the semiconductor layer is provided on a first side of a wafer; thinning the wafer to produce a thinned wafer; providing graphene on a second side of the thinned wafer; attaching the semiconductor layer to an electrical interface on the first side of the thinned wafer; and providing at least one electrical connection from the graphene to the electrical interface so as to form a transistor comprising the at least one electrode and the graphene.. . ... Nokia Corporation

03/29/18 / #20180090121

Apparatus, method and computer program for adjustable noise cancellation

An apparatus receives a background audio signal from an earpiece microphone. The earpiece microphone is configured to convert sound from a surrounding environment into the background audio signal. ... Nokia Corporation

03/29/18 / #20180089839

Moving object detection based on motion blur

The present disclosure relates to moving object detection based on motion blur. In one embodiment, variances of a pixel in an image for a set of frequencies are determined based on a gradient of the pixel. ... Nokia Corporation

03/29/18 / #20180088205

Positioning

A method of determining a user location comprises: calculating a horizontal velocity and direction of horizontal movement of a mobile device in communication with at least one wireless access point, calculating an observed doppler shift in a signal transmitted between the mobile device and the at least one wireless access point, calculating an expected doppler shift in the transmitted signal based on a carrier frequency, the horizontal velocity and direction of horizontal movement, and determining a vertical position of the mobile device based on the expected doppler shift and the observed doppler shift. A mobile device, apparatus and positioning system for performing the method are also provided.. ... Nokia Corporation

03/29/18 / #20180087913

An apparatus and associated methods for use in live navigation

An apparatus comprising a processor and memory including computer program code, the memory and computer program code configured to, with the processor, enable the apparatus at least to: for a defined road journey through a road network from a start location lo an end location, assign respective sub-portions of the defined road journey to each of a group of mobile devices associated with one or more travellers for the road journey according to at least one predefmed assignment criterion, wherein each of the group of mobile devices is configured for provision of live mapping data for live navigation of the respective sub-portion of the road journey, and wherein the at least one predefmed assignment criterion comprises a discontinuity criterion configured to assign two or more consecutive sub-portions of the road journey to be discontinuous.. . ... Nokia Corporation

03/29/18 / #20180085549

Method, apparatus and computer program product for providing a dynamic wake-up alert

A method, apparatus, and computer program product are provided for providing a dynamic wake-up alert. A user's sleep recovery need is determined based on a variety of factors, including but not limited to, mental stress level, physical activity, the individual's sleep history record, and/or data relating to circadian rhythms, recommended sleep times, patterns and cycles. ... Nokia Corporation

03/29/18 / #20180085070

Method and apparatus for detecting body-related temperature changes

Methods and apparatuses (10) for detecting body-related temperature changes are provided. The method comprises measuring a skin-surface temperature at a first temperature sensor element (12) at a measuring rate (s21) and measuring an ambient temperature at a second temperature sensor element (13) at the measuring rate (s22). ... Nokia Corporation

03/22/18 / #20180084518

Using a wlan interworking gateway (wig) for offloading ue traffic from cellular network to wlan

There is provided a method comprising receiving, at a control node associated with a plurality of access points of a first network (e.g. A wlan interworking gateway-wig), information from an access point of a second network (e.g. ... Nokia Corporation

03/22/18 / #20180084515

Wireless device ranging

A method and apparatus for detecting, by a first device, a timing measurement frame from a second device, the timing measurement frame having a plurality of time measurement samples, wherein at least the first of the measurement samples has a transmit timestamp value; determining transmit timing values for the subsequent measurement samples; applying a receive timestamp value to each of the received measurement samples; and determining a relative clock drift between a clock of the first device and a clock of the second device by comparing the receive timestamp values with transmit timing values of one or more measurement samples contained in the frame.. . ... Nokia Corporation

03/22/18 / #20180084467

Cell selection

A technique including detecting respective pairs of primary and auxiliary priority indicator values for a plurality of radio resources of a radio access network in one or more transmissions by said radio access network; and selecting a cell to adopt as a serving cell based at least partly on both said primary indicator values and said auxiliary indicator values; wherein the primary priority indicator values for said plurality of radio resources provide an indication of the priority order for said plurality of radio resources to a first degree of resolution; and the combinations of primary and auxiliary priority indicator values for said plurality of radio resources provide an indication of the priority order for said plurality of radio resources to a second degree of resolution higher than said first degree of resolution.. . ... Nokia Corporation

03/22/18 / #20180084458

Optimized signaling for wlan/3gpp aggregation

Various communication systems may benefit from the appropriate aggregation of multiple radio access technologies. For example, certain communication systems may benefit from optimized signaling for wireless local area network and third generation partnership projection aggregation. ... Nokia Corporation

03/22/18 / #20180084434

Method and apparatus for installing antenna devices and guiding installation

In accordance with an example embodiment of the present invention, an apparatus comprising: at least one processor; and at least one memory including computer program code, wherein the at least one memory and the computer program code are configured to, with the at least one processor, cause the apparatus to perform at least the following: set from one edge against a surface location, detect that the one edge of the apparatus is against the surface location, and cause an angle of the apparatus towards a base station to be measured, wherein the angle is used to determine surface location for an antenna installation.. . ... Nokia Corporation

03/22/18 / #20180084365

Audio processing apparatus

An apparatus comprising: a spatial audio analyser configured to determine, using at least one audio signal, at least one acoustic source; a location determiner configured to determining at least one point of interest location associated with the at least one acoustic source; a trajectory determiner configured to determine a trajectory of the at least one point of interest location associated with the at least one acoustic source; and a processor configured to reproduce the at least one audio signal from at least one sound playback transducer based on the determined trajectory.. . ... Nokia Corporation

03/22/18 / #20180083811

Demodulation reference signal based automatic gain control

When processing a signal received wirelessly a gain is applied to a reference signal and the wireless channel over which a received signal passed is estimated using the reference signal with the applied gain. Equalization values obtained from the estimating are adjusted to remove effects of the applied gain. ... Nokia Corporation

03/22/18 / #20180083587

Method and apparatus for controlling audio playback based upon the instrument

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided to adjust audio file playback in terms of volume and/or compression. By example, a method separates an audio file into tracks, each attributable to a different instrument. ... Nokia Corporation

03/22/18 / #20180082700

Protected extended playback mode

A protected extended playback mode protects the integrity of audio and side information of a spatial audio signal and sound object and position information of audio objects in an immersive audio capture and rendering environment. Integrity verification data for audio-related data determined. ... Nokia Corporation

03/22/18 / #20180081170

Diffraction grating and method of manufacture

A method including forming a substrate to form a template which includes areas of high relief and areas of low relief; and forming a high refractive index diffraction grating in the template by adding high refractive index material to the template to form a continuous low relief surface. The high refractive index material fills the areas of low relief and covers the areas of high relief of the template to form a high refractive index diffraction grating. ... Nokia Corporation

03/15/18 / #20180077665

Method and apparatus for the activation of services

An approach is provided for presenting an activation indicator to a user. A connection with a mobile device is detected. ... Nokia Corporation

03/15/18 / #20180077579

Small cell activation in hetnet

There is provided a method including, in a network that includes at least one larger cell and a plurality of smaller cells, determining a subset of the plurality of smaller cells in dependence on channel information associated with communication between a plurality of user equipments and at least one of the larger and smaller cells and activating the subset of smaller cells, wherein the activating includes causing the smaller cell to operate on resources associated with the at least one larger cell.. . ... Nokia Corporation

03/15/18 / #20180077477

Porous audio device housing

An apparatus comprises a housing, the housing having a porosity comprising pores that are substantially non-discernible to a user such that sound waves from an outside of the housing can be received at an inside of the housing; at least one microphone located at the inside of the housing and configured to receive the sound waves via acoustic connection to the outside of the housing; a processor for processing the sound waves received by the at least one microphone; and a memory for storing the processed sound waves as a file. The at least one microphone is not mechanically coupled to the pores.. ... Nokia Corporation

03/15/18 / #20180077361

Method and apparatus for creating motion effect for image

A method includes maintaining images and associated video streams; detecting a swipe gesture of a user on a touch sensitive display, wherein the swipe gesture comprises direction and speed information; and selecting an image based on the direction information of the swipe gesture. The method includes adjusting a playback of an associated video stream based on the direction and the speed information of the swipe gesture; providing the associated video stream on the display during the swipe gesture, for creating a motion effect relating to the image; and providing the image on the display after the swipe gesture.. ... Nokia Corporation

03/15/18 / #20180077294

Charging and control of edge services

An apparatus, a method and a computer program product related to charging and control of edge services is provided. The apparatus comprises a processor and a memory for storing instructions to be executed by the processor, wherein the apparatus is connectable to a radio access network element and the processor is configured to provide a connection to a core network, to handle applications and/or services for a user equipment connected to the radio access network element, and to handle charging and/or policy control for the applications and/or services.. ... Nokia Corporation

03/15/18 / #20180077210

Method and apparatus for controlled observation point and orientation selection audiovisual content

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided to provide the rendering of audiovisual content, such as 360-degree virtual reality content, in a manner that allows for control over whether, and to what degree, the content presented to a viewer should take into account the relative positioning of the content with respect to the viewer. In particular, implementations are presented that allow for situational control over the rendering of content based on an initial observation setup associated with a segment or subsegment of content, the orientation of the viewing device, and/or the manner in which the segment or subsegment is accessed by a playback device.. ... Nokia Corporation

03/15/18 / #20180073988

Apparatus and method for sensing

An apparatus and method, the apparatus comprising: an information electrode;a ground electrode;a photo-resistive element configured to enable the information electrode to be connected to the ground electrode; and wherein the apparatus is configured to enable a sensor element to be positioned overlaying the photo-resistive element such that a change in optical properties of the sensor element controls the connection between the ground and information electrodes.. . ... Nokia Corporation

03/08/18 / #20180070247

Method and system for cell identifier optimization

A method for a cellular telecommunications network includes selecting a target cell in the cellular telecommunications network, retrieving automatic neighbor relations (anr) data including neighbor cell list information for a plurality of cells in the network, determining, from the anr data, first and second cells that are neighbors to the target cell and use a same physical cell identifier (pci), and at least one of the first and second cells is an inbound neighbor to the target cell, determining that pci confusion is present between the first and second cells with respect to the target cell, and resolving the pci confusion.. . ... Nokia Corporation

03/08/18 / #20180069516

Method and apparatus for supplying power to an amplifier

There are disclosed various methods and apparatuses for providing power to a set of power amplifiers. In some embodiments the method comprises obtaining first transmission parameters associated with a first transmit signal, selecting one or more output voltage values on the basis of the first transmission parameters, controlling a multi-level power source to generate one or more output voltages on the basis of the one or more output voltage values, multiplexing based on the first transmit signal between two or more of the output voltages and a first supply voltage terminal of a first power amplifier, and amplifying the first transmit signal with the first power amplifier.. ... Nokia Corporation

03/08/18 / #20180068450

Method and apparatus for facilitating stereo vision through the use of multi-layer shifting

A method, apparatus and computer program products are provided for facilitating stereo vision through the use of multi-layer shifting. One example method includes receiving a first rgb image and a second rgb image, each captured from a different position, generating corresponding depth images, performing a first segmentation on the depth images, performing a second segmentation on the rgb images resulting in a first object mask and a second object mask, stitching of the background layers to form a background layer, generating a series of images comprising a first image representative of a view from the first position and a second image representative of a view from the second position, the series of images demonstrating a shifting of an object layer occurring at a higher speed than a shifting of the background layer.. ... Nokia Corporation

03/08/18 / #20180068126

Privacy management

According to an example aspect of the present invention, there is provided an apparatus comprising a memory interface configured to access a plurality of privacy feature requirement sets, each privacy feature requirement set being associated with a source code segment, and at least one processing core configured to select a first source code segment from among the source code segments based on a comparison between a privacy feature requirement set associated with the first source code segment and a current privacy feature requirement set, and to derive a privacy feature deviation set using the current privacy feature requirement set and the selected first source code segment.. . ... Nokia Corporation

03/01/18 / #a method comprising:

Nokia Technologies Oy

. . ... Nokia Corporation

03/01/18 / #20180063838

Method, apparatus, system and computer program for lte carrier bandwidth extension using increased subcarrier spacing

There is provided a method comprising providing, in dependence on a first subcarrier spacing of a first subframe structure, a second subcarrier spacing of a second subframe structure, wherein the first subframe structure has a first subframe length and at least one first cyclic prefix length and providing a second subframe length of the second subframe structure, the second subframe length comprising m symbols, wherein each symbol contains a second cyclic prefix, the second cyclic prefix length modified by a length variant.. . ... Nokia Corporation

03/01/18 / #20180063825

Method and apparatus for resource allocation in v2v communications system

There is provided a method comprising receiving a request from a user equipment for resource allocation for at least one service coverage zone in a coverage area of a first network, the first network comprising a plurality of nodes forming a synchronised sub-network, said nodes configured to provide a user equipment with at least one of instant radio access and cellular access, wherein the sub-network is associated with at least one cellular network which provides cellular access over the first network area and wherein said request comprises first information, allocating instant radio access resources for the user equipment for use within the at least one service coverage zone and providing an indication of said instant radio access resources to said user equipment.. . ... Nokia Corporation

03/01/18 / #20180063757

Method and system for cell identifier optimization

A method for a cellular telecommunications network includes performing a modulo operation on a physical cell identifier (pci) of a target cell to determine a first pci mod value, determining first tier neighbors of the target cell, determining that at least one of the first tier neighbors uses a pci that has a pci mod value that is the same as the first pci mod value, comparing a number of handover attempts between the target cell and the at least one first tier neighbor with the first pci mod value to a first threshold value, and when the number of handover attempts exceeds the threshold value, replacing the pci of the target cell with a pci with a second pci mod value different from the first pci mod value.. . ... Nokia Corporation

03/01/18 / #20180063706

Wireless routing

According to an example aspect of the present invention, there is provided an apparatus comprising a receiver configured to receive, from a first node, an indication of privacy preference and, from a second node, an indication relating to an accuracy at which the second node can determine a location of the first node (510), and at least one processing core configured to determine routing information based at least in part on the indication of privacy preference and the indication relating to the accuracy (520).. . ... Nokia Corporation

03/01/18 / #20180063426

Method, apparatus and computer program product for indicating a seam of an image in a corresponding area of a scene

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided for indicating a seam of a subject image, such as a panoramic image generated from multiple images, in a corresponding area of a scene. Information may be received regarding the position, settings, and/or other attributes of a camera(s). ... Nokia Corporation

03/01/18 / #20180062800

Bearer setup in dual connectivity

In some example embodiments, there is provided a method. The method may include generating, by a network node, a message including an indication of whether a bearer is at least one of a default bearer or a dedicated bearer; and sending, by the network node, the generated message, wherein the generated message is sent to a base station to enable the base station to control assignment of the bearer to a macrocell when the indication represents that the bearer is a default bearer. ... Nokia Corporation

03/01/18 / #20180059891

Apparatus and method for providing a visual transition between screens

An apparatus, method, and computer program product are described that provide for the display of a visual transition between screens representing different interactive content to indicate to a user that the user is “leaving” (e.g., transitioning away) from one screen and is “entering” (e.g., transitioning to) another screen. In particular, a first graphical effect may be applied to a first screen and a second, different graphical effect may be applied to the second screen. ... Nokia Corporation

02/22/18 / #20180054585

Quantum dot sensor readout

An apparatus, including a quantum dot graphene field effect transistor configured to operate such that photons incident thereon cause electron-hole pairs to be formed; a connector element connected to the back gate of the transistor; a switch element as an output switch to provide an output for a current flowing through the transistor. The transistor is configured to be back gate biased via the connector element connected to the back gate such that the electrons or the holes formed are trapped in an at least one quantum dot and respectively the holes or the electrons migrate to the channel of the transistor. ... Nokia Corporation

02/22/18 / #20180054333

Non-orthogonal cover codes for co-channel network isolation

Various communication systems may benefit from identification of devices or systems using a channel. For example, certain communication systems may benefit from non-orthogonal cover code for co-channel network isolation. ... Nokia Corporation

02/22/18 / #20180052001

Location privacy

According to an example aspect of the present invention, there is provided an apparatus comprising at least one receiver configured to receive a route indication specifying an initial point (110) and an end point of a route (120), and at least one processing core configured to determine a plurality of candidate routes (112, 114) based at least in part on the route indication and a privacy preference indication, and to determine for each of the plurality of candidate routes a privacy overhead route (112p, 114p).. . ... Nokia Corporation

02/15/18 / #20180049189

Method and apparatus for implementing dynamic signaling of downlink control usage

A method and apparatus may include performing, by a network node, a short physical downlink shared channel scheduling decision for a user equipment. The method can also include determining a short physical downlink control channel candidate for carrying a downlink assignment to the user equipment. ... Nokia Corporation

02/15/18 / #20180049140

Method and apparatus for controlling high power transmission

In accordance with an example embodiment of the present invention, methods, apparatae and software products are presented for enabling transmission by devices requiring a priori and periodic authorization from a spectrum access server for transmission.. . ... Nokia Corporation

02/15/18 / #20180049120

Network signaling optimization for light connected mode

Various communication systems can benefit from signaling optimization. For example, communication systems including fourth generation (4g) and fifth generation (5g) networks may benefit from network signaling optimization for light connected mode. ... Nokia Corporation

02/15/18 / #20180049104

Method, apparatus, system and computer program for vehicular communication smart radio access zones

There is provided a method comprising determining a service coverage zone operation within a network, the network able to form a synchronised sub-network, and being associated with at least one cellular network which provides cellular access over the coverage area of the network, configuring, in dependence on the determined service coverage zone operation, a plurality of nodes of the network for providing a service coverage zone to provide at least one service, providing an indication of the service coverage zone to at least one user equipment and controlling access of the at least one user equipment to the at least one service.. . ... Nokia Corporation

02/15/18 / #20180049080

Network controlled sharing of measurement gaps for intra and inter frequency measurements for wireless networks

A technique includes receiving, by a user device in a wireless network, a measurement gap allocation instruction from a serving cell, the measurement gap allocation instruction indicating a distribution of measurement gaps to be used for measurements on multiple carrier frequencies, including for intra-frequency measurements and inter-frequency measurements, and performing, by the user device, measurements for one or more carrier frequencies during one or more measurement gaps based on the measurement gap allocation instruction.. . ... Nokia Corporation

02/15/18 / #20180049053

Radio link monitoring methods for wireless systems with multiple coverage levels

A method, apparatus, and computer program product where a user equipment, in a wireless communications system, measures downlink radio quality based on available downlink signals. The user equipment compares the measured downlink radio quality with rlm thresholds. ... Nokia Corporation

02/15/18 / #20180049046

Apparatus and method of signalling support for reduced latency operation

Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products of signalling support for reduced latency operation are provided.. . ... Nokia Corporation

02/15/18 / #20180048910

Method and associated device for filtering digital video images

The application relates to a method for reducing visual artefacts in a frame of a digital video signal, which is coded by blocks and then decoded. A block type is defined according to the coding method for a block selected according to a predetermined set of coding types. ... Nokia Corporation

02/15/18 / #20180048900

Apparatus, a method and a computer program for video coding

There is disclosed an apparatus, a method and a computer program for video coding. The apparatus comprises a selector configured for selecting a pixel for prediction; a projection definer configured for determining a projection of said pixel to a set of reference pixels; and a prediction definer configured for selecting one or more reference pixels from said set of reference pixels on the basis of said projection, and using said selected one or more reference pixels to obtain a prediction value for said pixel to be predicted.. ... Nokia Corporation

02/15/18 / #20180048514

Mechanism to support operator assisted parental control

Certain embodiments of the invention generally relate to mobile communications. For example, some embodiments relate to mechanism(s) to support operator assisted parental control of encrypted traffic in wireless networks. ... Nokia Corporation

02/15/18 / #20180048511

Methods and apparatuses for use of guard bands supporting mixed numerology use in new radio

Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for use of guard bands supporting mixed numerology use in new radio (nr) are provided.. . ... Nokia Corporation

02/15/18 / #20180048448

Epdcch search space determination

Embodiments of the present invention generally relate to enhanced physical downlink control channel (epdcch) search space determination. In one embodiment, a base station may identify an index of the current epdcch occasion period, each epdcch occasion period including a number of subframes, and the subframes being divided to a number of search units. ... Nokia Corporation

02/15/18 / #20180048265

Method and apparatus for supplying power to an amplifier

There are disclosed various methods and apparatuses for providing power to a power amplifier. In some embodiments the method comprises producing a first reference signal having a level above a target signal, and producing a second reference signal having a level below the target signal. ... Nokia Corporation

02/15/18 / #20180048063

Beamforming antenna array

There is provided an apparatus comprising: an antenna array for generating radio beams, the antenna array comprising antenna element sub-groups and each antenna element sub-group comprising a plurality of antenna elements; signal input means for providing an input signal to each antenna element sub-group and to the plurality of antenna elements within each antenna element sub-group via electrical connections, wherein the plurality of antenna elements within each antenna element sub-group are consecutively electrically connected to each other such that the input signal is configured to be inputted, within each antenna element sub-group, to at least one antenna element via at least one other antenna element; and phase shift means for shifting a phase of the input signal between the consecutively electrically connected antenna elements within each antenna element sub-group.. . ... Nokia Corporation

02/15/18 / #20180046859

Apparatus for a near-eye display

An apparatus for providing gaze tracking in a near-eye display. Certain examples provide an apparatus including a light modulator configured to receive light of a first range of wavelengths and generate an image beam therefrom. ... Nokia Corporation

02/15/18 / #20180046825

Method and apparatus for discovering social ties based on cloaked trajectories

An approach is provided for discovering social ties among users based on cloaked trajectories. In a method, cloaked regions of a first trajectory of a first user and cloaked regions of a second trajectory of a second user are transformed to corresponding semantic regions, respectively, wherein a semantic region is expressed with a semantic meaning of a corresponding cloaked region. ... Nokia Corporation

02/15/18 / #20180046342

Image navigation

A method comprising: enabling display at a first target location in a display image of a first portion of an image; and enabling, in response to a defined user action, non-linear image-content-dependent navigation to a second portion of the image to change the display image to include at a second target location in the display image the second portion of the image, wherein the second portion of the image is dependent upon a content of the image.. . ... Nokia Corporation

02/15/18 / #20180046312

Apparatus and method for sensing

An apparatus and method, the apparatus including a sensor array including a plurality of first sensors configured to detect a first attribute; at least one second sensor configured to detect a second attribute; wherein the at least one second sensor is configured such that, in response to detecting a trigger input including the second attribute the second sensor enables a first portion of the sensor array to be powered on while a second portion of the sensor array remains powered off.. . ... Nokia Corporation

02/15/18 / #20180046070

Apparatuses and methods for providing light

An apparatus comprising: including a light source; a pixel control element; and an input transmission polarizer configured to: polarize incident light from the light source into transmitted first and second light portions, wherein the first light portion has a first polarization and the second light portion has a second polarization and wherein the first and second polarizations are orthogonal; to provide the first light portion as input to the pixel control element; and to output the second light portion to provide the second light portion for illumination.. . ... Nokia Corporation

02/08/18 / #20180042068

Extended discontinuous reception signaling for connected mode user equipments

A user equipment uses extended discontinuous reception (drx) when the user equipment is in connected mode with a communication network. The extended drx comprises extended drx cycles and offsets, which are based on a value of a specific drx cycle. ... Nokia Corporation

02/08/18 / #20180042052

Communication efficiency

There is provided a method comprising: transmitting, by a terminal device, a random access preamble to a network node, receiving a random access response from the network node, determining a transmission band based on the random access response, transmitting a first scheduled transmission signal on the determined transmission band using sub-carrier-wise filtering, using sub-carrier group-wise filtering or by placing at least one blank value at an edge area of at least one frame used for the transmitting, receiving a data transmission grant for a second scheduled transmission signal, and transmitting the second scheduled transmission signal based on the received data transmission grant.. . ... Nokia Corporation

02/08/18 / #20180042048

Signaling of listen-before-talk type for unlicensed spectrum operation

Various communication systems may benefit from signaling that instructs operation of devices. For example, certain wireless communication systems can benefit from signaling of listen-before-talk type for unlicensed spectrum operation. ... Nokia Corporation

02/08/18 / #20180042040

5g cloud ran method for symbol by symbol bit streaming

An exemplary method includes determining, at a centralized processing apparatus of a wireless network, a first subset of downlink user plane data corresponding to one or more wireless user equipments at least by calculating input data required at each of one or more l1 phy processing stages of a remote processing apparatus, wherein the first subset includes bits required by a remote processing apparatus to select a first symbol for transmission to the one or more user equipments at a first time slot; and streaming, via a fronthaul interface, the bits of the first subset followed by bits of one or more further subset of downlink user plane data, wherein the bits of the further subset of user plane data includes only the bits required to select by the remote processing apparatus a next symbol for transmission to the one or more of the wireless user equipments at a next time slot immediately following the first time slot.. . ... Nokia Corporation

02/08/18 / #20180042032

A method for resource release

A method is provided for handling resources for uplink semi-persistent scheduling transmission, wherein the resources are reserved periodically for a specific service, the method including monitoring data transmitted on the semi-persistent scheduling reserved resources and dynamic scheduled resource, checking whether a specific data element related to the specific service has not been received consecutively for a predefined period on the semi-persistent scheduling reserved resources and dynamic scheduled resource, and determining, when the specific data element has not been received for the predefined period, that the use of the specific service has ended. When it is determined that the use of the specific service has ended, an explicit release for the semi-persistent scheduling reserved resources may be triggered.. ... Nokia Corporation

02/08/18 / #20180042003

Transportation of user plane data across a split fronthaul interface

This specification describes a method comprising generating a first packet based on user plane data relating to a single user which is output by a first l1 phy processing stage, the first packet including a proper subset of the user plane data which is to be transmitted to the user equipment during a first time-slot symbol; passing the first packet to a second l1 phy processing stage across a split fronthaul interface in a first time period having a duration corresponding to a duration of transmission of the first time-slot symbol; and passing one or more subsequent packets including the remainder of the user plane data across the split fronthaul interface in one or more successive time periods which are immediately subsequent to the first time period.. . ... Nokia Corporation

02/08/18 / #20180041958

Coordinated techniques to improve application, network and device resource utilization of a data stream

Information is determined affecting data presentation of part of a data stream to a user application on a ue, and may be ec information and/or qoe information caused at least by the data presentation. The information is sent from the ue toward a content server from which the data stream is received by the ue. ... Nokia Corporation

02/08/18 / #20180041897

Service provisioning by local operator

Some embodiments of the present invention relate to an apparatus, a method, and a computer program product related to coexistence of two network operators, for example a local operator and an incumbent operator. In certain embodiments, a method may include monitoring if network information from a server part of an application is received by a client part of the application. ... Nokia Corporation

02/08/18 / #20180041892

Policy and charging control for groups

Policy and charging control for groups it is provided a method, comprising checking whether a first data connection to be established belongs to a predefined group of data connections; supervising whether a group session to a steering device is established, wherein the group session is dedicated to the group; prohibiting, if the first data connection belongs to the group and the group session is established, an apparatus performing the method from establishing a connection session to the steering device, wherein the connection session is dedicated to the first data connection only.. . ... Nokia Corporation

02/08/18 / #20180041777

Method and apparatus for encoding and decoding images

There are disclosed various methods and apparatuses for encoding an image. In some embodiments the method comprises obtaining a stripe comprising a magnitude bit of two or more coefficients, each magnitude bit belonging to the same bit-plane. ... Nokia Corporation

02/08/18 / #20180041526

Method and apparatus for mutual-aid collusive attack detection in online voting systems

Method and apparatus are disclosed for detecting mutual-aid collusive (mac) attack in a voting action of an online voting system. According to some embodiments, the method comprises: calculating a consumer-voter (cv) matrix, and/or calculating a similarity (sim) matrix; and determining mac attackers in the voting action based at least in part on the calculated cv matrix and/or similarity matrix. ... Nokia Corporation

02/08/18 / #20180041407

Filter component tuning method

Target mode frequencies are calculated for a defined filter component used as a reference for filter components to be tuned. The defined filter component has resonant mode(s), each having a mode frequency which can be tuned to a corresponding target mode frequency via physical adjustment of parameter(s) of the filter component. ... Nokia Corporation

02/08/18 / #20180041327

Frequency domain compression for fronthaul interface

Frequency domain compression of fronthaul interface for transporting frequency domain data over ethernet includes applying inverse discrete fourier transform to frequency domain data contained in a frequency bandwidth to generate a time domain output signal in a time domain. The time domain output signal is compressed to generate a compressed time domain output signal. ... Nokia Corporation

02/08/18 / #20180041181

Filter component tuning using size adjustment

A method for tuning a filter component using size adjustment includes measuring a first frequency of a first resonant mode of a dielectric resonator component of an rf filter, said dielectric resonator component being a block of dielectric material having a cuboid shape with three pairs of opposite faces. The first resonant mode has an electric-field component oriented in a direction perpendicular to one of the pairs of opposite faces and parallel to the other two pairs of opposite faces. ... Nokia Corporation

02/08/18 / #20180039091

A display apparatus

An apparatus including a light source configured to output unpixelated light; an array of reflective pixel control elements configured to selectively reflect incident unpixelated light to produce first pixelated light defining first display content; a pixelated display configured to produce second pixelated light defining second display content; and an optical arrangement configured to direct unpixelated light from the light source to the array of reflective pixel control elements and to combine the pixelated light defining the first display content and the second pixelated light defining the second display content to provide, as an output, third pixelated light defining third display content.. . ... Nokia Corporation

02/08/18 / #20180035905

User wearable apparatus with optical sensor

A user wearable apparatus including an optical sensor structure configured to optically monitor an area of a body of a user wearing the apparatus to monitor a physiological property of the user. A movement of at least one part of the optical sensor structure is caused to change the monitored area of the body of the user and to determine a desired monitoring area, and thereafter the monitoring of the physiological property of the user is maintained at the determined desired monitoring area.. ... Nokia Corporation

02/01/18 / #20180035477

Handling of proximity services device to device related identities at radio access network level

Handling of related identities may be valuable in communication systems. More particularly, in areas such as long term evolution advanced (lte-a) proximity services (prose), it may be useful to provide for handling of prose device to device (d2d) related identities at the radio access network (ran) level. ... Nokia Corporation

02/01/18 / #20180035443

Uplink scheduling with wlan/3gpp aggregation

In some example embodiments there is provided a method. The method may include receiving, at a user equipment, configuration information, wherein the configuration information at least configures the user equipment for wireless local area network aggregation with cellular; and dividing, based on the received configuration, packet transmission between a cellular transceiver and a wireless local area network transceiver. ... Nokia Corporation

02/01/18 / #20180035409

Mitigation of rate matching errors in a wireless network

An example implementation may include determining that a soft buffer size for a transport block of a serving cell in a wireless network has changed, determining a maximum transport block size to be used for downlink data transmission to a user device during a connection reconfiguration process, and causing sending, to the user device during the connection reconfiguration process, a transport block that is less than or equal to the maximum transport block size.. . ... Nokia Corporation

02/01/18 / #20180035360

Access control to services in a network

Various communication services may benefit from access controls. For example, certain wireless communication systems may benefit from access control to services in a network, such as access to services at mobile edge as distinct from core network services. ... Nokia Corporation








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