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Nokia Technologies Oy patents


Recent patent applications related to Nokia Technologies Oy. Nokia Technologies Oy is listed as an Agent/Assignee. Note: Nokia Technologies Oy may have other listings under different names/spellings. We're not affiliated with Nokia Technologies Oy, we're just tracking patents.

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 new patent  Position stream session negotiation for spatial audio applications

Embodiments herein relate to methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for position stream session negotiation. An example method includes: transmitting, to a positioning system, a message for initiating a positional data stream associated with at least one audio source, the message comprising one or more requirements for positional characteristics of the positional data stream; receive a response from the positioning system comprising an indication of one or more of the positional characteristics that are supported by the positioning system for the at least one audio source; and initiating the position data stream with the positioning system based on the received response.. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

 new patent  Spatial rendering of a message

A method comprising: causing targeting of a message to a first sub-set of users that receive messages, wherein the message is not targeted to a second sub-set of users that receive messages; and causing different spatial rendering of the message to the first sub-set of users compared to the second sub-set of users.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

 new patent  A method, an apparatus, a computer program for video coding

There are disclosed various methods, apparatuses and computer program products for video encoding. In some embodiments a method comprises including two or more entities into a container file, wherein each entity is a media item or a media track; and indicating in one of the following: the container file or a description of the container file; that the two or more entities are playable in the order they appear in the container file to achieve progressive refinement. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

 new patent  Motion prediction in video coding

There is disclosed apparatuses, methods and computer programs for utilizing motion prediction in video coding. A block of pixels of a video representation encoded in a bitstream is read, and a type of the block is determined. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

 new patent  Device for direct x-ray detection

A device for direct x-ray detection (516) comprises a plurality of substantially parallel conductive channels (501) separated from one another by a quantum dot material (510), thereby forming a composite material layer (517). The parallel conductive channels (501) are electrically connected to source and drain electrodes (503 504a) which enable a flow of electrical current through the conductive channels (501). ... Nokia Technologies Oy

 new patent  Method and apparatus for an interactive user interface

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided to facilitate user interaction with, such as modification of, respective audio objects. An example method may include causing a multimedia file to be presented that includes at least two images. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

 new patent  Mediated reality

A method comprising: enabling viewing by a user of a virtual scene of a virtual space; mapping a three-dimensional gesture of the user to a corresponding three-dimensional gesture in the virtual space; and in response to determining that the corresponding three-dimensional gesture in a virtual space is a first predetermined gesture or predetermined gestures in relation to a first portion of the virtual space, analyzing the virtual space over time to detect an event in the virtual space relating to the first portion of the virtual space.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

 new patent  Optical apparatus and method

An apparatus and a method are provided. An apparatus, including a first display arrangement; an exit pupil expanding light guide arrangement including an in-coupling region and an out-coupling region, the in-coupling region being configured to in-couple first light from the first display arrangement, and the out-coupling region being configured to out-couple the first light towards a user; and a second display arrangement arranged to transmit second light, through the exit pupil expanding light guide arrangement at the out-coupling region, towards the user.. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

 new patent  Electronic circuitry for a valve for the transfer of an optically-active fluid from a first to a second reservoir

A transfer circuitry, e.g. In a display system, electrically generating a transfer-gradient along which an optically-active fluid is transferred via a valve from a first reservoir to a second reservoir and a valve-control circuitry providing a voltage to change the valve's shape from a first shape when it is closed to a second shape when it is open.. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

 new patent  An apparatus and method for providing a time varying voltage

An apparatus and method wherein the apparatus comprises: includes a channel; at least one pair of electrodes provided within sides of the channel; an electrolyte configured to move through the channel such that when the electrolyte is positioned between the at least one pair of electrodes the electrolyte provides a current path between the at least one pair of electrodes; and wherein the at least one pair of electrodes are configured such that movement of the electrolyte through the channel enables a time varying voltage to be provided.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

 new patent  An apparatus and method for providing a time varying voltage

An apparatus and method, the apparatus including a channel; at least one pair of electrodes provided within sides of the channel; a conductor configured to move through the channel such that when the conductor is positioned between the at least one pair of electrodes a current path is provided through the at least one pair of electrodes and the conductor; and wherein the at least one pair of electrodes are configured such that the position of the conductor within the channel controls the length of the current path and enables a time varying voltage to be provided.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

Minimization of service interruption during relay reselection in device-to-device (d2d) based user equipment (ue)-to-network relay

Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for minimizing service interruption during relay reselection in d2d based ue-to-network relay are provided.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

Averaged end-user throughput evaluation

Methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for measuring throughput as a measure of performance and/or quality of service are provided. One method comprises, over an observation period for at least one of an uplink direction and a downlink direction, measuring an amount of padding bits in each protocol data unit (pdu) that is successfully transmitted in the said direction and that carries data relevant to a given throughput measure. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

Distributed audio mixing

A method is disclosed, which comprises receiving a plurality of audio signals representing audio from respective audio sources in a space; defining for each audio source a spatial audio field indicative of the propagation of its audio signals within the space. For a first audio source is defined a restricted zone within its spatial audio field. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

05/17/18 / #20180139469

An apparatus, a method and a computer program for video coding and decoding

A method for motion compensated prediction of a video frame or slice that is bi-directionally encoded, the method comprising creating a first intermediate forward motion compensated sample prediction lo and a second intermediate backward motion compensated sample prediction l1; identifying one or more subsets of samples based on the difference between lo and l1 predictions; and determining a motion compensation process to be applied at least on said one or more subsets of samples to compensate for the difference. For example, bi-directional prediction (b) is not used for samples (4, 5) for which the difference is larger than a predefined threshold.. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

05/17/18 / #20180139289

Mechanism for executing server discovery

A mechanism to ensure that the same server/proxy is selected by different server/proxy discovery mechanisms executed in a network control element and a terminal equipment, respectively. A first selection of a server/proxy is executed by a network control element on the basis of a first discovery procedure. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

05/17/18 / #20180139223

Control of unwanted network traffic

According to embodiments of the present invention, trust evaluation is performed on network entities including a host and a network node with privacy preservation to determine an unwanted traffic source. The trust evaluation is based on detection reports from the hosts and monitoring reports from the network nodes. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

05/17/18 / #20180139059

Certificate verification

According to an example aspect, there is provided an apparatus comprising at least one processing core, at least one memory including computer program code, the at least one memory and the computer program code being configured to, with the at least one processing core, cause the apparatus at least to participate in establishment of a secured protocol connection, receive over a first interface a certificate in connection with the establishment of the secured protocol connection, receive, in connection with the establishment of the secured protocol connection, over a second interface, information concerning the certificate, and compare the certificate to the information concerning the certificate.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

05/17/18 / #20180137610

Filtering depth map image

There is inter alia a method comprising: partitioning a depth map image into at least one block; partitioning a texture image into at least one block, wherein the size and position of the at least one block of the texture image corresponds to the size and position of the at least one block of the depth image; determining a depth property value for the at least one block of the depth map image; determining a texture property value for the at least one block of the texture image; using the depth property value for the at least one block of the depth map image and the texture property value for the at least one block of the texture image to select a set of filter parameters from a look up table; and filtering the at least one block of the depth map image with a filter based on the selected set of filter parameters.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

05/17/18 / #20180137413

Diverse activation functions for deep neural networks

In accordance with an example embodiment of the present invention, a method comprising: obtaining a plurality of training samples; employing a set of activation functions on a plurality of layers of a deep neural network, wherein the set of activation functions varies with the plurality of layers; and applying the activation functions on the plurality of training samples.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

05/17/18 / #20180136663

Apparatus, method and computer program for enabling charging of a vehicle

An apparatus (1), method and computer program wherein the apparatus (1) comprises: processing circuitry (5); and memory circuitry (7) including computer program code (11); the memory circuitry (7) and the computer program code (11) configured to, with the processing circuitry (7), cause the apparatus (1) at least to perform: obtaining information from a solar powered vehicle (31) wherein the information comprises at least a current location of the solar powered vehicle (31); obtaining information (25) relating to distribution of solar power in a predetermined area; using the obtained information to determine a solar power charging strategy (27); and enabling the solar powered vehicle (31) to access the solar power charging strategy (27).. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

05/10/18 / #a method comprising: receiving audio input from multiple microphones; receiving position information for the multiple microphones; selecting in dependence upon positions of the microphones, at least a first microphone as a source of audio input forming a first output;

Nokia Technologies Oy

. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

05/10/18 / #20180132203

Location detection using radio signal capabilities

Various communication systems may benefit from improved positioning technology. For example, communication systems may benefit from taking into account radio signal capabilities of the user equipment when determining the position of the user equipment. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

05/10/18 / #20180132128

Lossless bearer reconfiguration from use of longer to shorter sequence number

Various communication systems may benefit from appropriate handling of reconfiguration. For example, certain wireless communication systems may benefit from lossless bearer reconfiguration when handling a transition from the user of a longer sequence number to a shorter sequence number. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

05/10/18 / #20180131951

Video encoding and decoding

A method comprising: encoding pictures into a bitstream, the bitstream comprising at least two scalability layers, pictures being associated with access units and pictures being associated individually with one of the at least two scalability layers; indicating in the bitstream inter-layer prediction dependencies, indicative of direct reference layers, if any, of a first scalability layer and indirect reference layers, if any, of the first scalability layer; selecting an earlier picture in decoding order as a basis for deriving picture order count (poc) related variables for a current picture based on a pre-defined algorithm, the current picture being associated with a current scalability layer, wherein the earlier picture is the closest preceding picture, in decoding order, to the current picture among a set of pictures that are associated with the current scalability layer or any direct or indirect reference layer of the current scalability layer.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

05/03/18 / #20180124670

Indicating channel usage in wireless network

This document discloses a solution for providing channel usage information. In an embodiment, an apparatus managing a wireless network and being in an unassociated state towards an access node managing another wireless network is provided with the channel usage information. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

05/03/18 / #20180124551

Session continuity for ipv6 over bluetooth low energy

Methods and apparatus, including computer program products, are provided for communications. In one aspect there is provided a method. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

05/03/18 / #20180124543

Audio processing

A method comprising: causing rendering of a first sound scene comprising multiple first sound objects; in response to direct or indirect user specification of a change in sound scene from the first sound scene to a mixed sound scene based in part on the first sound scene and in part on a second sound scene, causing selection of one or more second sound objects of the second sound scene comprising multiple second sound objects; causing selection of one or more first sound objects in the first sound scene; and causing rendering of a mixed sound scene by rendering the first sound scene while de-emphasising the selected one or more first sound objects and emphasising the selected one or more second sound objects.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

05/03/18 / #20180124291

Method, apparatus and computer program product for creating virtual reality content of an event

In an example embodiment, method, apparatus and computer program product are provided. The method includes facilitating receipt of a plurality of vr contents and a plurality of video contents associated with an event captured by a plurality of vr cameras and a plurality of user camera devices, respectively. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

05/03/18 / #20180122395

Virtual duplex operation

A method including, while first audio signals from a first user are being transmitted on a first bandwidth from a first apparatus, detecting transmitting of second audio signals from a second user by a second apparatus; and based upon the detecting of the second audio signals from the second apparatus, reducing the transmitting of the first audio signals on the first bandwidth to transmitting of the first audio signals on at least one first relatively smaller sub-band of the first bandwidth.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

05/03/18 / #20180120132

Method, apparatus and computer program product for providing sensor data collection and sensor configuration

A method, apparatus and computer program product provide data collection via a plurality of sensors, user authentication, data storage, and sensor replacement and configuration. The sensors may be integrated in or on various types of devices and/or household objects and may provide a wide range of data regarding users, use of the respective items, and/or their environments. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

04/19/18 / #20180110082

Fast activation of multi-connectivity utilizing uplink signals

Embodiments herein provide a method for fast activation of multi-connectivity utilizing uplink signals. According to an example embodiment, a method includes: transmitting, by a user equipment, at least one uplink signal to a plurality of network nodes of a wireless network based at least on the user equipment being in a first radio resource control state such that the user equipment maintains connectivity with one of the network nodes; receiving at least one connection message including a command to connect to at least two of the network nodes for communication, wherein the command is based at least on measurements extracted from the at least one uplink signal; in response to the at least one connection message, changing from the first radio resource control state to a second radio resource control state; and transmitting data utilizing multiple communication links via the at least two network nodes.. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

04/19/18 / #20180109979

Method and apparatus for providing an indication regarding ip address preservation following a transfer involving a wireless local area network

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided to facilitate the transition of user equipment between basic service sets within a wlan or from a basic service set within a wlan to a cellular data link of a cellular network. In the context of a method from the perspective of the user equipment, a message is received that identifies one or more basic service sets or cellular data links to which user equipment is potentially capable of transferring. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

04/19/18 / #20180109901

Audio object modification in free-viewpoint rendering

A method including, during a free-viewpoint rendering to a user, where the free-viewpoint rendering comprises rendering of an audio object, and during relative movement between a location of the user and the audio object in the free-viewpoint rendering, detecting a locational conflict abnormality between the audio object and the location of the user; and based upon the detecting of the locational conflict abnormality, changing the rendering of the audio object, where the changing is based upon at least one predetermined abnormality modification parameter.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

04/19/18 / #20180109379

Fibre-optic communication based on dual-rail and polarization encoding

According to an example aspect, there is provided an apparatus comprising a first optical converter coupled to a fibre interface and to two waveguides, a dual rail encoder configured to encode dual rail form light from the two waveguides with payload information, and wherein the dual rail encoder is coupled to the first optical converter or to a second optical converter disposed between the dual rail encoder and the fibre interface, and wherein the first optical converter or the second optical converter is coupled so as to provide polarization encoded light into the fibre interface.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

04/19/18 / #20180106622

An apparatus and associated methods for use in live navigation

An apparatus comprising a processor and memory including computer program code, the memory and computer program code configured to, with the processor, enable the apparatus at least to: for a defined road journey through a road network from a start location to an end location, assign respective sub-portions of the defined road journey to each of a group of mobile devices associated with one or more travellers for the road journey according to at least one predefined assignment criterion, wherein each of the group of mobile devices is configured for provision of live mapping data for live navigation of the respective sub-portion of the road journey.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

04/19/18 / #20180103868

Apparatuses and methods for measuring skin resistance

A method comprising receiving, from a circuit, information indicative of a skin resistance between an inner electrode and an outer electrode, the inner electrode being disposed on at least part of an inner surface of a housing, the outer electrode being disposed on at least part of an outer surface of the housing such that the outer electrode is separated from the inner electrode, the housing being configured to be in contact with or at least partially encircle a body part of a user of the housing, such that the inner surface of the housing is configured to at least partially contact the body part and the outer surface of the housing is configured to avoid contact with the body part, and determining a galvanic skin response of the user based, at least in part, on the skin resistance when the outer electrode is in contact with the user.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

04/12/18 / #20180103474

Intelligent conditional scaling for unlicensed cells

Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for efficient support of conditional scaling for unlicensed cells are provided.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

04/12/18 / #20180103317

Audio capture with multiple microphones

An apparatus including at least one processor and at least one memory including computer program code configured to: when the apparatus is in a voice phone call mode of sound capture, output a signal from a first microphone as a primary speech signal, and select one or more second microphones to output a noise reduction signal, where the apparatus comprises at least two of the second microphones, and where selection of the one or more second microphones is based at least partially upon a determined use of the apparatus being either a handportable or an integrated handsfree use; and/or when the apparatus is in a multi-media mode of sound capture select one or more of the microphones to output audio signals based upon both a determined type of sound capture feature being used by the apparatus and based upon a determined orientation of the apparatus.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

04/12/18 / #20180102223

Apparatus and associated methods for electrical storage

An apparatus including a first charge collector and an ionic layer, the ionic layer configured to absorb water from the surrounding environment to deliver said water to the apparatus, the apparatus including graphene oxide provided on the first charge collector, the graphene oxide configured to generate protons in the presence of water; a second conductive material spaced apart from the first charge collector, the second material having a lower work function than the first charge collector, the graphene oxide extending from the first charge collector to be in contact with the second material at an interface; wherein the ionic layer is in contact with the graphene oxide and the second material; and wherein the ionic layer includes a room temperature ionic fluid and a solidifying material which provides for the ionic layer to be a solid at room temperature.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

04/12/18 / #20180098701

Physiological measurement sensor

A sensor comprising: including a first light detector and a second light detector configured to concurrently detect light, and an optical blocking filter. The first light detector is configured to detect light that enters the sensor to produce a first detected signal, the optical blocking filter is configured to filter the light that enters the sensor to produce filtered light, and the second light detector is configured to detect the filtered light to produce a second detected signal. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

04/05/18 / #20180098356

Common random access channel resource based coordinated random access

Various communication systems may benefit from reliable random access. For example, fifth generation (5g) wireless communication systems may benefit from a coordinated reliable random access technique based on common random access channel resources for a quality of service aware multi-connectivity link. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

04/05/18 / #20180098345

Dynamic codebook adaptation for enhanced carrier aggregation

A method and apparatus may include determining, by a network node, a plurality of carrier groups. The method may also configuring a user equipment to use the plurality of carrier groups. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

04/05/18 / #20180098223

Enb controlled ue based conditional carrier selection

In accordance with an example embodiment of the present invention, a method, comprising: receiving an information regarding one or more uplink grants of an assigned component carrier to use to transmit data; determining a set of uplink component carriers of licensed-assisted uplink component carriers that are considered as conditional uplink component carriers to use to transmit data; determining whether the assigned component carrier is available to transmit the data; based on determining that the assigned component carrier is not available to transmit the data, identifying a component carrier of the at least one conditional uplink component carrier of the licensed-assisted uplink component carriers that is available to transmit the data; and transmitting the data on the identified available component carrier of the licensed-assisted uplink component carriers, is disclosed.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

04/05/18 / #20180097547

Indicating optional parameter groups

Various communication systems may benefit from improved network communications. For example, messages sent to a user equipment may benefit from having optional configurations of parameters. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

04/05/18 / #20180096705

Method of editing audio signals using separated objects and associated apparatus

A method comprises providing an audio file comprising two or more discrete tracks; separating the two or more discrete tracks; setting a limit on an amount at least one of the two or more discrete tracks may be altered; and outputting the separated and limited discrete tracks as a file for use by an end user.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

04/05/18 / #20180096633

Method and apparatus for supplementing an article with contextually-relevant health data

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided to present health data of a user in a more informed context. In relation to a method, an article is identified that provides health-related information and health data of a user is identified that is associated with the health-related information of the article. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

04/05/18 / #20180095535

Haptic feedback reorganization

A method including providing haptic feedback to a user along a surface of a touch interactive device in use; and changing the haptic feedback to the user during a touch motion on the touch interactive device, where the touch interface device performs at least one operation based upon at least a portion of the touch motion, where the at least one operation provides an information associated with the at least one operation separate from the haptic feedback, and where the changing of the haptic feedback is based at least partially upon at least one of the information and the at least one operation.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

03/29/18 / #20180092087

Flexible reference signal design

A radio network sub-tiles reference signals (rss) within a set of resource elements (res) such that each sub-tiled rs occupies less than a time and/or frequency and/or power extent of its respective re. The set of res are dispersed across both frequency bins and time slots according to a pre-defined grid; and transmitted. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

03/29/18 / #20180091915

Fitting background ambiance to sound objects

Embodiments of these teachings concern integrating a sound object audio file such as an audio object recorded by a lavalier microphone to a spatial audio signal. First the sound object audio file is obtained and then a direction and an active duration of the sound object audio file is determined. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

03/29/18 / #20180090622

A method and apparatus for providing a transistor

A method and apparatus wherein the method comprises: providing at least one electrode within a semiconductor layer wherein the semiconductor layer is provided on a first side of a wafer; thinning the wafer to produce a thinned wafer; providing graphene on a second side of the thinned wafer; attaching the semiconductor layer to an electrical interface on the first side of the thinned wafer; and providing at least one electrical connection from the graphene to the electrical interface so as to form a transistor comprising the at least one electrode and the graphene.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

03/29/18 / #20180090121

Apparatus, method and computer program for adjustable noise cancellation

An apparatus receives a background audio signal from an earpiece microphone. The earpiece microphone is configured to convert sound from a surrounding environment into the background audio signal. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

03/29/18 / #20180089839

Moving object detection based on motion blur

The present disclosure relates to moving object detection based on motion blur. In one embodiment, variances of a pixel in an image for a set of frequencies are determined based on a gradient of the pixel. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

03/29/18 / #20180088205

Positioning

A method of determining a user location comprises: calculating a horizontal velocity and direction of horizontal movement of a mobile device in communication with at least one wireless access point, calculating an observed doppler shift in a signal transmitted between the mobile device and the at least one wireless access point, calculating an expected doppler shift in the transmitted signal based on a carrier frequency, the horizontal velocity and direction of horizontal movement, and determining a vertical position of the mobile device based on the expected doppler shift and the observed doppler shift. A mobile device, apparatus and positioning system for performing the method are also provided.. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

03/29/18 / #20180087913

An apparatus and associated methods for use in live navigation

An apparatus comprising a processor and memory including computer program code, the memory and computer program code configured to, with the processor, enable the apparatus at least to: for a defined road journey through a road network from a start location lo an end location, assign respective sub-portions of the defined road journey to each of a group of mobile devices associated with one or more travellers for the road journey according to at least one predefmed assignment criterion, wherein each of the group of mobile devices is configured for provision of live mapping data for live navigation of the respective sub-portion of the road journey, and wherein the at least one predefmed assignment criterion comprises a discontinuity criterion configured to assign two or more consecutive sub-portions of the road journey to be discontinuous.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

03/29/18 / #20180085549

Method, apparatus and computer program product for providing a dynamic wake-up alert

A method, apparatus, and computer program product are provided for providing a dynamic wake-up alert. A user's sleep recovery need is determined based on a variety of factors, including but not limited to, mental stress level, physical activity, the individual's sleep history record, and/or data relating to circadian rhythms, recommended sleep times, patterns and cycles. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

03/29/18 / #20180085070

Method and apparatus for detecting body-related temperature changes

Methods and apparatuses (10) for detecting body-related temperature changes are provided. The method comprises measuring a skin-surface temperature at a first temperature sensor element (12) at a measuring rate (s21) and measuring an ambient temperature at a second temperature sensor element (13) at the measuring rate (s22). ... Nokia Technologies Oy

03/22/18 / #20180084515

Wireless device ranging

A method and apparatus for detecting, by a first device, a timing measurement frame from a second device, the timing measurement frame having a plurality of time measurement samples, wherein at least the first of the measurement samples has a transmit timestamp value; determining transmit timing values for the subsequent measurement samples; applying a receive timestamp value to each of the received measurement samples; and determining a relative clock drift between a clock of the first device and a clock of the second device by comparing the receive timestamp values with transmit timing values of one or more measurement samples contained in the frame.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

03/22/18 / #20180084458

Optimized signaling for wlan/3gpp aggregation

Various communication systems may benefit from the appropriate aggregation of multiple radio access technologies. For example, certain communication systems may benefit from optimized signaling for wireless local area network and third generation partnership projection aggregation. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

03/22/18 / #20180084434

Method and apparatus for installing antenna devices and guiding installation

In accordance with an example embodiment of the present invention, an apparatus comprising: at least one processor; and at least one memory including computer program code, wherein the at least one memory and the computer program code are configured to, with the at least one processor, cause the apparatus to perform at least the following: set from one edge against a surface location, detect that the one edge of the apparatus is against the surface location, and cause an angle of the apparatus towards a base station to be measured, wherein the angle is used to determine surface location for an antenna installation.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

03/22/18 / #20180084365

Audio processing apparatus

An apparatus comprising: a spatial audio analyser configured to determine, using at least one audio signal, at least one acoustic source; a location determiner configured to determining at least one point of interest location associated with the at least one acoustic source; a trajectory determiner configured to determine a trajectory of the at least one point of interest location associated with the at least one acoustic source; and a processor configured to reproduce the at least one audio signal from at least one sound playback transducer based on the determined trajectory.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

03/22/18 / #20180083587

Method and apparatus for controlling audio playback based upon the instrument

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided to adjust audio file playback in terms of volume and/or compression. By example, a method separates an audio file into tracks, each attributable to a different instrument. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

03/22/18 / #20180082700

Protected extended playback mode

A protected extended playback mode protects the integrity of audio and side information of a spatial audio signal and sound object and position information of audio objects in an immersive audio capture and rendering environment. Integrity verification data for audio-related data determined. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

03/22/18 / #20180081170

Diffraction grating and method of manufacture

A method including forming a substrate to form a template which includes areas of high relief and areas of low relief; and forming a high refractive index diffraction grating in the template by adding high refractive index material to the template to form a continuous low relief surface. The high refractive index material fills the areas of low relief and covers the areas of high relief of the template to form a high refractive index diffraction grating. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

03/15/18 / #20180077665

Method and apparatus for the activation of services

An approach is provided for presenting an activation indicator to a user. A connection with a mobile device is detected. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

03/15/18 / #20180077477

Porous audio device housing

An apparatus comprises a housing, the housing having a porosity comprising pores that are substantially non-discernible to a user such that sound waves from an outside of the housing can be received at an inside of the housing; at least one microphone located at the inside of the housing and configured to receive the sound waves via acoustic connection to the outside of the housing; a processor for processing the sound waves received by the at least one microphone; and a memory for storing the processed sound waves as a file. The at least one microphone is not mechanically coupled to the pores.. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

03/15/18 / #20180077361

Method and apparatus for creating motion effect for image

A method includes maintaining images and associated video streams; detecting a swipe gesture of a user on a touch sensitive display, wherein the swipe gesture comprises direction and speed information; and selecting an image based on the direction information of the swipe gesture. The method includes adjusting a playback of an associated video stream based on the direction and the speed information of the swipe gesture; providing the associated video stream on the display during the swipe gesture, for creating a motion effect relating to the image; and providing the image on the display after the swipe gesture.. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

03/15/18 / #20180077210

Method and apparatus for controlled observation point and orientation selection audiovisual content

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided to provide the rendering of audiovisual content, such as 360-degree virtual reality content, in a manner that allows for control over whether, and to what degree, the content presented to a viewer should take into account the relative positioning of the content with respect to the viewer. In particular, implementations are presented that allow for situational control over the rendering of content based on an initial observation setup associated with a segment or subsegment of content, the orientation of the viewing device, and/or the manner in which the segment or subsegment is accessed by a playback device.. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

03/15/18 / #20180073988

Apparatus and method for sensing

An apparatus and method, the apparatus comprising: an information electrode;a ground electrode;a photo-resistive element configured to enable the information electrode to be connected to the ground electrode; and wherein the apparatus is configured to enable a sensor element to be positioned overlaying the photo-resistive element such that a change in optical properties of the sensor element controls the connection between the ground and information electrodes.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

03/08/18 / #20180069516

Method and apparatus for supplying power to an amplifier

There are disclosed various methods and apparatuses for providing power to a set of power amplifiers. In some embodiments the method comprises obtaining first transmission parameters associated with a first transmit signal, selecting one or more output voltage values on the basis of the first transmission parameters, controlling a multi-level power source to generate one or more output voltages on the basis of the one or more output voltage values, multiplexing based on the first transmit signal between two or more of the output voltages and a first supply voltage terminal of a first power amplifier, and amplifying the first transmit signal with the first power amplifier.. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

03/08/18 / #20180068450

Method and apparatus for facilitating stereo vision through the use of multi-layer shifting

A method, apparatus and computer program products are provided for facilitating stereo vision through the use of multi-layer shifting. One example method includes receiving a first rgb image and a second rgb image, each captured from a different position, generating corresponding depth images, performing a first segmentation on the depth images, performing a second segmentation on the rgb images resulting in a first object mask and a second object mask, stitching of the background layers to form a background layer, generating a series of images comprising a first image representative of a view from the first position and a second image representative of a view from the second position, the series of images demonstrating a shifting of an object layer occurring at a higher speed than a shifting of the background layer.. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

03/08/18 / #20180068126

Privacy management

According to an example aspect of the present invention, there is provided an apparatus comprising a memory interface configured to access a plurality of privacy feature requirement sets, each privacy feature requirement set being associated with a source code segment, and at least one processing core configured to select a first source code segment from among the source code segments based on a comparison between a privacy feature requirement set associated with the first source code segment and a current privacy feature requirement set, and to derive a privacy feature deviation set using the current privacy feature requirement set and the selected first source code segment.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

03/01/18 / #a method comprising:

Nokia Technologies Oy

. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

03/01/18 / #20180063706

Wireless routing

According to an example aspect of the present invention, there is provided an apparatus comprising a receiver configured to receive, from a first node, an indication of privacy preference and, from a second node, an indication relating to an accuracy at which the second node can determine a location of the first node (510), and at least one processing core configured to determine routing information based at least in part on the indication of privacy preference and the indication relating to the accuracy (520).. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

03/01/18 / #20180063426

Method, apparatus and computer program product for indicating a seam of an image in a corresponding area of a scene

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided for indicating a seam of a subject image, such as a panoramic image generated from multiple images, in a corresponding area of a scene. Information may be received regarding the position, settings, and/or other attributes of a camera(s). ... Nokia Technologies Oy

03/01/18 / #20180062800

Bearer setup in dual connectivity

In some example embodiments, there is provided a method. The method may include generating, by a network node, a message including an indication of whether a bearer is at least one of a default bearer or a dedicated bearer; and sending, by the network node, the generated message, wherein the generated message is sent to a base station to enable the base station to control assignment of the bearer to a macrocell when the indication represents that the bearer is a default bearer. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

03/01/18 / #20180059891

Apparatus and method for providing a visual transition between screens

An apparatus, method, and computer program product are described that provide for the display of a visual transition between screens representing different interactive content to indicate to a user that the user is “leaving” (e.g., transitioning away) from one screen and is “entering” (e.g., transitioning to) another screen. In particular, a first graphical effect may be applied to a first screen and a second, different graphical effect may be applied to the second screen. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

02/22/18 / #20180054585

Quantum dot sensor readout

An apparatus, including a quantum dot graphene field effect transistor configured to operate such that photons incident thereon cause electron-hole pairs to be formed; a connector element connected to the back gate of the transistor; a switch element as an output switch to provide an output for a current flowing through the transistor. The transistor is configured to be back gate biased via the connector element connected to the back gate such that the electrons or the holes formed are trapped in an at least one quantum dot and respectively the holes or the electrons migrate to the channel of the transistor. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

02/22/18 / #20180052001

Location privacy

According to an example aspect of the present invention, there is provided an apparatus comprising at least one receiver configured to receive a route indication specifying an initial point (110) and an end point of a route (120), and at least one processing core configured to determine a plurality of candidate routes (112, 114) based at least in part on the route indication and a privacy preference indication, and to determine for each of the plurality of candidate routes a privacy overhead route (112p, 114p).. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

02/15/18 / #20180049189

Method and apparatus for implementing dynamic signaling of downlink control usage

A method and apparatus may include performing, by a network node, a short physical downlink shared channel scheduling decision for a user equipment. The method can also include determining a short physical downlink control channel candidate for carrying a downlink assignment to the user equipment. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

02/15/18 / #20180049140

Method and apparatus for controlling high power transmission

In accordance with an example embodiment of the present invention, methods, apparatae and software products are presented for enabling transmission by devices requiring a priori and periodic authorization from a spectrum access server for transmission.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

02/15/18 / #20180049046

Apparatus and method of signalling support for reduced latency operation

Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products of signalling support for reduced latency operation are provided.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

02/15/18 / #20180048910

Method and associated device for filtering digital video images

The application relates to a method for reducing visual artefacts in a frame of a digital video signal, which is coded by blocks and then decoded. A block type is defined according to the coding method for a block selected according to a predetermined set of coding types. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

02/15/18 / #20180048900

Apparatus, a method and a computer program for video coding

There is disclosed an apparatus, a method and a computer program for video coding. The apparatus comprises a selector configured for selecting a pixel for prediction; a projection definer configured for determining a projection of said pixel to a set of reference pixels; and a prediction definer configured for selecting one or more reference pixels from said set of reference pixels on the basis of said projection, and using said selected one or more reference pixels to obtain a prediction value for said pixel to be predicted.. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

02/15/18 / #20180048511

Methods and apparatuses for use of guard bands supporting mixed numerology use in new radio

Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for use of guard bands supporting mixed numerology use in new radio (nr) are provided.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

02/15/18 / #20180048448

Epdcch search space determination

Embodiments of the present invention generally relate to enhanced physical downlink control channel (epdcch) search space determination. In one embodiment, a base station may identify an index of the current epdcch occasion period, each epdcch occasion period including a number of subframes, and the subframes being divided to a number of search units. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

02/15/18 / #20180048265

Method and apparatus for supplying power to an amplifier

There are disclosed various methods and apparatuses for providing power to a power amplifier. In some embodiments the method comprises producing a first reference signal having a level above a target signal, and producing a second reference signal having a level below the target signal. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

02/15/18 / #20180046859

Apparatus for a near-eye display

An apparatus for providing gaze tracking in a near-eye display. Certain examples provide an apparatus including a light modulator configured to receive light of a first range of wavelengths and generate an image beam therefrom. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

02/15/18 / #20180046825

Method and apparatus for discovering social ties based on cloaked trajectories

An approach is provided for discovering social ties among users based on cloaked trajectories. In a method, cloaked regions of a first trajectory of a first user and cloaked regions of a second trajectory of a second user are transformed to corresponding semantic regions, respectively, wherein a semantic region is expressed with a semantic meaning of a corresponding cloaked region. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

02/15/18 / #20180046342

Image navigation

A method comprising: enabling display at a first target location in a display image of a first portion of an image; and enabling, in response to a defined user action, non-linear image-content-dependent navigation to a second portion of the image to change the display image to include at a second target location in the display image the second portion of the image, wherein the second portion of the image is dependent upon a content of the image.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

02/15/18 / #20180046312

Apparatus and method for sensing

An apparatus and method, the apparatus including a sensor array including a plurality of first sensors configured to detect a first attribute; at least one second sensor configured to detect a second attribute; wherein the at least one second sensor is configured such that, in response to detecting a trigger input including the second attribute the second sensor enables a first portion of the sensor array to be powered on while a second portion of the sensor array remains powered off.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

02/15/18 / #20180046070

Apparatuses and methods for providing light

An apparatus comprising: including a light source; a pixel control element; and an input transmission polarizer configured to: polarize incident light from the light source into transmitted first and second light portions, wherein the first light portion has a first polarization and the second light portion has a second polarization and wherein the first and second polarizations are orthogonal; to provide the first light portion as input to the pixel control element; and to output the second light portion to provide the second light portion for illumination.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

02/08/18 / #20180042040

5g cloud ran method for symbol by symbol bit streaming

An exemplary method includes determining, at a centralized processing apparatus of a wireless network, a first subset of downlink user plane data corresponding to one or more wireless user equipments at least by calculating input data required at each of one or more l1 phy processing stages of a remote processing apparatus, wherein the first subset includes bits required by a remote processing apparatus to select a first symbol for transmission to the one or more user equipments at a first time slot; and streaming, via a fronthaul interface, the bits of the first subset followed by bits of one or more further subset of downlink user plane data, wherein the bits of the further subset of user plane data includes only the bits required to select by the remote processing apparatus a next symbol for transmission to the one or more of the wireless user equipments at a next time slot immediately following the first time slot.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

02/08/18 / #20180042003

Transportation of user plane data across a split fronthaul interface

This specification describes a method comprising generating a first packet based on user plane data relating to a single user which is output by a first l1 phy processing stage, the first packet including a proper subset of the user plane data which is to be transmitted to the user equipment during a first time-slot symbol; passing the first packet to a second l1 phy processing stage across a split fronthaul interface in a first time period having a duration corresponding to a duration of transmission of the first time-slot symbol; and passing one or more subsequent packets including the remainder of the user plane data across the split fronthaul interface in one or more successive time periods which are immediately subsequent to the first time period.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

02/08/18 / #20180041777

Method and apparatus for encoding and decoding images

There are disclosed various methods and apparatuses for encoding an image. In some embodiments the method comprises obtaining a stripe comprising a magnitude bit of two or more coefficients, each magnitude bit belonging to the same bit-plane. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

02/08/18 / #20180041526

Method and apparatus for mutual-aid collusive attack detection in online voting systems

Method and apparatus are disclosed for detecting mutual-aid collusive (mac) attack in a voting action of an online voting system. According to some embodiments, the method comprises: calculating a consumer-voter (cv) matrix, and/or calculating a similarity (sim) matrix; and determining mac attackers in the voting action based at least in part on the calculated cv matrix and/or similarity matrix. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

02/08/18 / #20180041327

Frequency domain compression for fronthaul interface

Frequency domain compression of fronthaul interface for transporting frequency domain data over ethernet includes applying inverse discrete fourier transform to frequency domain data contained in a frequency bandwidth to generate a time domain output signal in a time domain. The time domain output signal is compressed to generate a compressed time domain output signal. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

02/08/18 / #20180039091

A display apparatus

An apparatus including a light source configured to output unpixelated light; an array of reflective pixel control elements configured to selectively reflect incident unpixelated light to produce first pixelated light defining first display content; a pixelated display configured to produce second pixelated light defining second display content; and an optical arrangement configured to direct unpixelated light from the light source to the array of reflective pixel control elements and to combine the pixelated light defining the first display content and the second pixelated light defining the second display content to provide, as an output, third pixelated light defining third display content.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

02/08/18 / #20180035905

User wearable apparatus with optical sensor

A user wearable apparatus including an optical sensor structure configured to optically monitor an area of a body of a user wearing the apparatus to monitor a physiological property of the user. A movement of at least one part of the optical sensor structure is caused to change the monitored area of the body of the user and to determine a desired monitoring area, and thereafter the monitoring of the physiological property of the user is maintained at the determined desired monitoring area.. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

02/01/18 / #20180035443

Uplink scheduling with wlan/3gpp aggregation

In some example embodiments there is provided a method. The method may include receiving, at a user equipment, configuration information, wherein the configuration information at least configures the user equipment for wireless local area network aggregation with cellular; and dividing, based on the received configuration, packet transmission between a cellular transceiver and a wireless local area network transceiver. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

02/01/18 / #20180035320

Methods and apparatuses relating to v2x communication

This specification describes a method comprising responding to a detection of a variation in at least one measured characteristic of a reference signal transmitted from an access point to a portable device by triggering participation by the portable device in vehicle-to-portable device communications. In some examples, the triggering of the participation in the vehicle-to-portable device communications in response to the detection of the variation in the at least one measured characteristic of the reference signal may be performed only if it has been determined that a location of the portable device satisfies a predetermined condition.. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

02/01/18 / #20180035294

Service discovery

A technique for service discovery is provided. According to an example embodiment, the technique comprises creating in a wireless communication device and in dependence of a service authentication key associated with a service available in the wireless communication device, a concealed service identifier for identification of said service, constructing a service information message comprising a device identifier assigned for said wireless communication device and said concealed service identifier, and transmitting said service information message from the wireless communication device over a wireless link to one or more further wireless communication devices.. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

02/01/18 / #20180035255

Methods and apparatuses relating to determination of locations of portable devices

This specification describes a method comprising detecting presence of a portable device in a vicinity of a first vehicle based on an identifier of the portable device which is detected at first user equipment, ue, located at the first vehicle, and further comprising causing transmission, from the first ue to a second ue located at a second vehicle in the vicinity of the first vehicle, of the identifier of the portable device and measurement data relating to the portable device and collected at the first vehicle, the measurement data being for use at the second vehicle to determine the location of the portable device relative to the second vehicle.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

02/01/18 / #20180034893

Media file sharing, correlation of metadata related to shared media files and assembling shared media file collections

The present invention provides for systems and methods for communicating media files and creating a collection of media files, also referred to herein as a master media file. In addition, the systems and methods of the present invention provide for the creation of automatic metadata and compilation of metadata associated with the collection of media files. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

02/01/18 / #20180034819

Method and apparatus for heterogeneous data storage management in cloud computing

Method and apparatus are disclosed for heterogeneous data storage management in cloud computing. According to some embodiments, a method for managing data storage in a communication network comprises: receiving at a data center in the communication network from a first device, a request for storing a data in the data center; checking whether the same data has been stored in the data center; in response to a check result that no same data has been stored in the data center, receiving from the first device a data package containing at least the data in plaintext or ciphertext (ct) in response to a check result that the same data has been stored in the data center, obtaining a deduplication policy for the data; when the deduplication policy indicates deduplication to be controlled by both or either of an authorized party (ap) and an owner of the data, or only the ap, or only the data owner, contacting both or either of the ap and the data owner, or only the ap, or only the data owner to conduct deduplication for the data; and when the deduplication policy indicates deduplication to be controlled by none of the ap and the data owner, conducting deduplication for the data at the data center. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

02/01/18 / #20180033060

Method and apparatus for verifying association of users with products and information

An approach is provided for substantially automatically determining that a user is associated with at least one product. A processing platform determines one or more media files, one or more content files, or a combination thereof, which are associated with the at least one product. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

02/01/18 / #20180032772

Detector logic and radio identification device and method for enhancing terminal operations

An electronic device operable with a radio frequency identification device operable with a detector logic and a method for operating the electronic device with a radio frequency identification device and a detector logic is provided. Firstly, a detection event is registered by the detector logic. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

02/01/18 / #20180031486

Apparatus, system and method for detecting analytes from a user's skin

An apparatus, method and system wherein the apparatus comprises: a pump comprising an attachment portion configured to enable the pump to be attached to a user's skin, wherein the pump is configured to draw analytes from the user's body into the apparatus by reducing pressure on the user's skin in an area covered by the pump; at least one detector configured to detect one or more analytes or combinations of analytes which are drawn into the apparatus; the apparatus being arranged to be coupled to a controller to enable the pressure on the user's skin to be adjusted.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

01/25/18 / #20180026958

Fast-accessing method and apparatus

A fast-accessing method may comprise: establishing a first security connection between a first network node and a user equipment; obtaining first information from a second network node, wherein the first information comprises at least one of system information of the second network node and an identifier of a security algorithm selected by the second network node for the user equipment; providing second information to the second network node, in response to an indication of the second network node from the user equipment, wherein the second information comprises security information related to the user equipment; and sending the first information to the user equipment for establishing a second security connection between the user equipment and the second network node.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

01/25/18 / #20180026896

Adaptive and dynamic qos/qoe enforcement

Methods and apparatus, including computer program products, are provided an application scheduler. Related apparatus, systems, methods, and articles are also described.. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

01/25/18 / #20180026762

Methods and apparatus for coordination of wireless network communication

Systems and techniques for coordinating wireless local area networking communication. An access point capable of ofdma communication transmits to one or more stations capable of synchronous communication. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

01/25/18 / #20180025613

Apparatus for detecting humidity

An apparatus comprising: a humidity-dependent electrical energy source configured to provide electrical energy when an environment occupied by the humidity-dependent electrical energy source becomes humid; and an electrically activated visual indicator coupled to receive provided electrical energy from the humidity-dependent electrical energy source and configured to provide a visual indication that the environment occupied by the humidity-dependent electrical energy source has become humid.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

01/25/18 / #20180025462

Method and apparatus for publishing locational copyrighted watermarking video

Method and apparatus are disclosed for publishing locational copyrighted watermarking video. According to some embodiments, a method for embedding location information into a video comprises: separating the video into at least one key frame and at least one in-between frame set corresponding to the at least one key frame; receiving location data for the at least one key frame; encrypting the location data for the at least one key frame based on a location private key; and embedding the encrypted location data into the at least one key frame.. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

01/25/18 / #20180025232

Surveillance

A method comprising: associating a message with one or more presentation criterion and a physical location in a scene; automatically processing recorded first sensor data from the scene to recognize automatically satisfaction of the one or more presentation criterion; and in response to recognition of satisfaction of the one or more presentation criterion entering a presentation state to enable: automatic presentation of the message into the scene at the physical location.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

01/25/18 / #20180025151

Wireless memory device authentication

A system for wireless memory device authentication is provided, wherein a communications device receives a certified public key from a wireless memory device. The communications device validates the public key and send a challenge to the wireless memory device. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

01/25/18 / #20180024799

Apparatus, methods and computer programs for providing images

An apparatus, method and computer program wherein the apparatus includes: processing circuitry; and memory circuitry including computer program code, the memory circuitry and the computer program code configured to, with the processing circuitry, enable the apparatus to perform; detecting whether or not a user is viewing an external display area or an internal display area; controlling an image source to provide images for the internal display area in response to detecting that a user is viewing the internal display area: and controlling an image source to provide images for the external display area in response to detecting that a user is viewing the external display area.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

01/25/18 / #20180024688

An apparatus and methods for sensing

An apparatus and method wherein the apparatus comprises;a sensor arrangement comprising a plurality of sensor cells wherein a sensor cell comprises a transistor and a sensor coupled to the transistor;first selection circuitry configured to sequence a subset of sensor cells to which a gate input signal is provided, wherein the gate input signal is provided to the gate of the transistors within the sensor cells; second selection circuitry configured to sequence a subset of sensor cells from which an output signal is received;sensing signal circuitry configured to provide a sensing signal, wherein the sensors are provided between the sensing signal circuitry and the second selection circuitry such that the output signal provides an indication of the impedance of the sensors.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

01/25/18 / #20180024092

Field-effect apparatus, associated apparatus and methods

An apparatus comprising a channel member, first and second electrodes configured to enable a flow of electrical current from the first electrode through the channel member to the second electrode, and a supporting substrate configured to support the channel member and the first and second electrodes, wherein one or more of the supporting substrate and electrodes are configured such that a portion of the channel member is suspended to expose opposing surfaces of the portion, the exposed opposing surfaces comprising respective functional coatings thereon configured to facilitate variation of the flow of electrical current through the channel member.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

01/25/18 / #20180020975

Electrode for a user wearable apparatus

An electrode for a user wearable apparatus; the electrode comprising: a conductive part comprising conductive material, wherein the conductive part is configured to provide electrical connection to electronic components of the user wearable device, and an opening configured to provide an optical connection to electronic components of the user wearable apparatus through the electrode.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

01/18/18 / #20180020472

Handover mechanism with pre-scheduling consecutive grants and pre-calculated timing advance

Various communication systems may benefit from mechanisms for transferring control over or communication with terminal devices. For example, certain wireless communication systems may benefit from a handover mechanism with pre-scheduling consecutive grants and pre calculated timing advance. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

01/18/18 / #20180019450

Apparatus comprising proton battery cells and a removable barrier layer

An apparatus comprising: one or more cells, each cell comprising: a proton conductor region configured to conduct proton charge carriers; a electron conductor region configured to conduct electrons; a first electrode associated with one of the proton conductor region and the electron conductor region; and a second electrode associated with the other of the proton conductor region and the electron conductor region; a removable barrier layer that is impermeable to water vapor extending over and protecting the one or more cells from water vapor; and a buffer layer that is permeable to water vapor between the one or more cells and the barrier layer.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

01/18/18 / #20180017489

A mechanical deformation sensor based on plasmonic nanoparticles

An apparatus (517) comprising first and second plasmonic nanoparticles (502a, 502b) connected to one another by a deformable member (518), the first and second plasmonic nanoparticles each configured to exhibit a respective plasmon resonance when exposed to incident electromagnetic radiation (203), wherein, in a first configuration, the first and second plasmonic nanoparticles are in sufficient proximity to one another that their respective plasmon resonances can interact to produce a resulting plasmon resonance, and wherein mechanical deformation of the deformable member causes a variation in the relative position of the plasmonic nanoparticles to a second configuration to produce a detectable change in the resulting plasmon resonance of the first configuration which can be used to determine said mechanical deformation.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

01/11/18 / #20180014230

Uplink timing synchronization recovery process

Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for an uplink timing synchronization recovery process for rach-less handover are provided. One method includes detecting, by a network node, that at least one uplink transmission has not been successfully received from a user equipment. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

01/11/18 / #20180013082

Modular electronics apparatuses and methods

An apparatus comprising: a module; a substrate; and electrolyte between the module and the substrate, wherein an electronic component is formed between the module and the substrate and wherein the electrolyte is configured to function as the electrolyte in the electronic component and also as the adhesive to attach the module to the substrate.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

01/11/18 / #20180012105

Localization and mapping method

A method comprising: obtaining a three-dimensional (3d) point cloud about an object; obtaining binary feature descriptors for feature points in a 2d image about the object; assigning a plurality of index values for each feature point as multiple bits of the corresponding binary feature descriptor; storing the binary feature descriptor in a table entry of a plurality of hash key tables of a database image; obtaining query binary feature descriptors for feature points in a query image; matching the query binary feature descriptors to the binary feature descriptors of the database image; reselecting one bit of the hash key of the matched database image; and re-indexing the feature points in the table entries of the hash key table of the database image.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

01/04/18 / #20180007567

Paging enhancement for signaling optimization

Various communication systems may benefit from optimizations, such as signaling optimizations. For example, certain wireless communication systems may benefit from paging enhancement for signaling optimization. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

01/04/18 / #20180007544

Methods and apparatuses for configuring a ble advertising beacon

A method, apparatus, and computer program product are provided in order to provide improvements in the configuring of bluetooth low energy (ble) advertising beacons. Embodiments of the present invention are directed to conveniently and reliably configuring or updating the configuration of a ble beacon, while limiting the amount of technical information and/or tools required. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

01/04/18 / #20180007491

Controlling audio signal parameters

A method and corresponding system for correcting for deviations in a performance that includes a plurality of audio sources, the method comprising detecting a parameter relating to an audio source, determining if the parameter deviates from a predetermined characteristic and in response to it being determined that the parameter deviates from the predetermined characteristic, causing display of a user interface configured to control the parameter, to allow a user to correct the deviation.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

01/04/18 / #20180007490

Spatial audio processing

An apparatus comprising at least one processor and at least one memory, the memory comprising machine-readable instructions, that when executed cause the apparatus to: store in a non-volatile memory multiple sets of predetermined spatial audio processing parameters for differently moving sound sources; provide in a man machine interface an option for a user to select one of the stored multiple sets of predetermined spatial audio processing parameters for differently moving sound sources; and in response to the user selecting one of the stored multiple sets of predetermined spatial audio processing parameters for differently moving sound sources, the apparatus is further caused to use the selected one of the stored multiple sets of predetermined spatial audio processing parameters to spatially process audio from one or more sound sources.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

01/04/18 / #20180007489

Audio volume handling

Apparatus is configured to associate each of one or more spatially-distributed audio sources in a virtual space, each audio source providing one or more audio signals representing audio for playback through a user device, with a respective fade-in profile which defines how audio volume for the audio source is gradually increased from a minimum level to a target volume level as a function of time. It is configured also to identify, based on user position, a current field-of-view within a virtual space and, in response to detecting that one or more new audio sources have a predetermined relationship with respect to the current field-of-view, fading-in the audio from the or each new audio source according to the fade-in profile for the respective audio source so as to increase their volume gradually towards the target volume level defined by the fade-in profile.. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

01/04/18 / #20180007486

Methods and apparatuses relating to an estimated position of an audio capture device

This specification describes a method comprising determining whether an estimated position of an audio capture device which captures audio data is within boundaries of a predetermined area, and in response to a determination that the estimated position is not within the boundaries of the predetermined area, associating the captured audio data with an adjusted position.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

01/04/18 / #20180007395

A method, an apparatus and a computer readable storage medium for video streaming

A method comprising: requesting, by a client, an independently coded first representation of a video content component from a server; receiving and playing a first set of data units of the independently coded first representation; requesting a second set of data units of a second representation, said second set of data units being dependently coded on one receive and play a first set of data units of or more requested or buffered data units of the first set; and requesting a third set of independently coded data units of a third representation.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

01/04/18 / #20180007352

Method and apparatus for rotation and switching of video content

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided to define the location of a center point associated with each frame within a stream of image data. Metadata associated with the orientation, such as the pitch and yaw, of a camera is synchronized on a frame-by-frame basis with a related stream of image data. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

01/04/18 / #20180007263

Method and apparatus for automated placement of a seam in a panoramic image derived from multiple cameras

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided to generate a panoramic view derived from multiple cameras and automatically place a seam in that panoramic view in a computationally efficient manner. In regards to a method, images captured by at least two cameras are received. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

01/04/18 / #20180007262

Method and apparatus for providing a visual indication of a point of interest outside of a user's view

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided in order to generate a visual indication to a user of a point of interest outside of the user's view. In the context of a method, identifying a point of interest outside of a user's view is identified during display of an image in a first orientation. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

01/04/18 / #20180007245

Modular camera blocks for virtual reality capture

An apparatus comprises: a camera module for obtaining a first image, the camera module having at least one port, each of the at least one ports being associated with an attachment position for receiving a second camera module for obtaining a second image; a processor for detecting a position of a second camera module and providing, to an image processing controller, information relating to at least one of the position of the second camera module and the first image obtained by the camera module; and a memory for storing the information relating to at least one of the position of the second camera module and the first image obtained by the camera module.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

01/04/18 / #20180005614

Intelligent crossfade with separated instrument tracks

A method is provided including separating a first file into a first plurality of instrument tracks and a second file into a second plurality of instrument tracks, wherein each instrument track of each of the first plurality and second plurality corresponds to a type of instrument; selecting a first instrument track from the first plurality of instrument tracks and a second instrument track from the second plurality of instrument tracks based at least on the type of instrument corresponding to the first instrument track and the second instrument track; fading out other instrument tracks from the first plurality of instrument tracks; performing a crossfade between the first instrument track and the second instrument track; and fading in other instrument tracks from the second plurality of instrument tracks.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

01/04/18 / #20180005024

Monitoring

A method comprising: automatically processing recorded first sensor data from a scene to recognise automatically a first user input from user action in the scene; in response to recognition of the first user input, automatically entering a learning state to enable: automatic processing of the first sensor data from the scene to capture an ad-hoc sequence of spatial events in the scene subsequent to the first user input and automatic processing of subsequently recorded second sensor data from the scene different to the first sensor data of the scene, to recognise automatically a sequence of spatial events in the subsequently recorded second video corresponding to the captured sequence of spatial events.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

01/04/18 / #20180004973

Display of private content

A method including receipt of information indicative of a first viewer being able to visually perceive at least part of a display and information indicative of a second viewer being able to visually perceive at least part of the display, determination of first viewer private content associated with the first viewer, receipt of information indicative of the second viewer being unable to visually perceive at least part of the display, causation of display of the first viewer private content based, at least in part, on the second viewer being unable to visually perceive at least part of the display, receipt of information indicative of the second viewer being able to visually perceive at least part of the display, and termination of display of the first viewer private content based, at least in part, on the second viewer being able to visually perceive at least part of the display is disclosed.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

01/04/18 / #20180003877

Light conversion element

An apparatus including a light conversion element including an input interface for receiving input light; an output interface for providing output light having at least one different, lower frequency than the input light; and a plurality of light guides extending between the input interface and the output interface that suspend down-conversion material at remote locations from the input interface, wherein the down-conversion material is configured to down-convert the received input light to produce the provided output light of lower frequency or frequencies.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

01/04/18 / #20180003829

Collimated radiation source and scintillating fibre plate for medical imaging

An apparatus including a scintillator arrangement including a plurality of optically isolated scintillators that extend lengthwise along a plurality of respective parallel axes and define respective scintillation channels, wherein each of the optically isolated scintillators extends lengthwise between an input interface and an output interface and is arranged to receive higher energy photons at the input interface, to convert high energy photons to lower energy photons, and to output lower energy photons from the output interface in a respective scintillation channel, wherein the optical isolation reduces transmission of lower energy photons between scintillation channels.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

01/04/18 / #20180003167

Microfluidic pump apparatus and methods

An apparatus and method, the apparatus comprising: a microfluidic channel (3); an electromechanical gel (5) provided within the microfluidic channel (3); at least one pair of electrodes (7) wherein the at least one pair of electrodes (7) are configured to control the electric field across the microfluidic channel (3) to cause the electromechanical gel (5) to deform in response to a voltage applied to the electrodes (7) such that the deformation enables fluid to be pumped through the microfluidic channel (3).. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

12/28/17 / #a method comprising:

Nokia Technologies Oy

. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

12/28/17 / #20170374672

Switching of flow separation for new radio in dual connectivity

Methods and apparatus, including computer program products, are provided for switching flow separation in dual connectivity. In some example embodiments, there may be provided a method that includes suspending, at the user equipment, at least one bearer and corresponding quality of service filter, when an access node is added as a secondary base station providing dual connectivity to the user equipment; switching, by the user equipment and in response to the added secondary base station, one or more packets to at least a secondary bearer at the added secondary base station; and reverting, by the user equipment, to the suspended at least one bearer and corresponding quality of service filter, when the added secondary base station is released as a connection at the user equipment. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

12/28/17 / #20170374634

Controlled synchronization group selection

Methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for synchronization in a network are provided. One method includes configuring a first node for joining a first synchronization group with a second node on a lowest stratum, receiving at least one synchronization signal comprising information on at least an identity of the second node, and synchronizing the first node to the first synchronization group based on the synchronization signal.. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

12/28/17 / #20170374563

Intra site interference mitigation

In some example embodiments there is provided a method. The method may include receiving an allocation of an antenna sector and a frequency band, wherein the allocation is selected from a plurality of sectors, wherein adjacent sectors in the plurality of sectors operate at different frequencies and intersect at a midpoint to enable a reduction in interference among the adjacent sectors; and receiving and/or transmitting, in response to the received allocation, on the allocated antenna sector and frequency band. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

12/28/17 / #20170374526

Position calculation using bluetooth low energy

A method comprises a first device: receiving at least one bluetooth low energy message transmitted from each of at least three second devices, each bluetooth low energy message including data indicating a position of the respective second device (s2); measuring a radio parameter for each of the received bluetooth low energy messages (s3); using the radio parameters and the data included in the messages to calculate the position of the first device (s4); and transmitting a bluetooth low energy message including data indicating the position of the first device (s5). A further method comprises a third device: receiving at least one bluetooth low energy message transmitted from each of at least three devices, each bluetooth low energy message including data indicating a position of the respective device; measuring a radio parameter for each of the received bluetooth low energy messages; using the radio parameters and the data included in the messages to calculate the position of the third device; receiving at least one bluetooth low energy message transmitted by a first device and including data indicating a position of the first device; and causing display of the position of the first device relative to the third device.. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

12/28/17 / #20170374353

Stereo imaging

A technique for digital stereo imaging is provided. According to an example embodiment, the technique comprises facilitating stereo image capturing means for capturing image data, said stereo image capturing means comprising a first imaging subsystem that comprises a first image sensor arranged to receive light via a first lens and a second imaging subsystem that comprises a second image sensor arranged to receive light via a second lens, wherein said first and second imaging subsystems are arranged such that the optical axes of said first and second lenses are in parallel to each other; reading pixel values from respective light-sensitive areas of said first and second image sensors, comprising reading pixel values for a first image from a first readout area on the first image sensor, reading pixel values for a second image from a second readout area on the second image sensor, and reading pixel values for support data from at least one portion of the light-sensitive area adjacent to the respective readout area on at least one of the first and second image sensors; and deriving disparity information pertaining to said first and second images on basis of said pixel values read for the first image, for the second image and for said support data.. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

12/28/17 / #20170373792

Aperiodic channel state information (csi) reporting for enhanced carrier aggregation

Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for aperiodic channel state information (csi) reporting for enhanced carrier aggregation are provided. One method includes transmitting, by a network node, a configuration of at least two aperiodic channel state information (a-csi) reporting modes per one or more configured downlink (dl) component carriers (cc) to at least one user equipment. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

12/28/17 / #20170373205

A transducing apparatus and method for providing such apparatus

An apparatus and method, the apparatus including a charge carrier wherein the charge carrier includes a continuous three dimensional framework including a plurality of cavities throughout the framework; sensor material provided throughout the charge carrier; wherein the sensor material is configured to transduce a detected input and change conductivity of the charge carrier in dependence of the detected input.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy








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