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Base4 Innovation Ltd patents


Recent patent applications related to Base4 Innovation Ltd. Base4 Innovation Ltd is listed as an Agent/Assignee. Note: Base4 Innovation Ltd may have other listings under different names/spellings. We're not affiliated with Base4 Innovation Ltd, we're just tracking patents.

ARCHIVE: New 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 | Company Directory "B" | Base4 Innovation Ltd-related inventors


Method of identifying droplets in a stack and an associated sequencer

Disclosed is a method of identifying the contents of individual droplets in a droplet stream each droplet containing fluorophores in an initial non-fluorescing state characterised by the steps of introducing the droplets one-by-one into at least one open-ended tube to create a stack of droplets therein; activating the fluorophores within the droplets to cause them to fluoresce; releasing each droplet in the droplet stack in turn from the tube and detecting along the major axis of the tube fluorescence associated with each droplet as it emerges. Also disclosed is a method suitable for sequencing a biopolymer characterised by the steps of (1) progressively digesting the biopolymer into an ordered stream of its constituent monomers; (2) converting the stream of monomers into a corresponding stream of monomer-containing aqueous droplets each droplet additionally containing a probe capable of (a) capturing the monomer and (b) thereafter being digested to release an unqueched fluorophore characteristic of the captured monomer; (3) introducing the stream of droplets created in step (2) into an inlet end of at least one open-ended tube to create a stack of droplets therein and (4) releasing each droplet in turn from an outlet end of the tube(s) and detecting fluorophores in each droplet as each droplet emerges. ... Base4 Innovation Ltd

Single nucleotide detection method

A method of sequencing a nucleic acid such as dna or rna is provided. It is characterised by the steps of (1) generating a stream of single nucleoside triphosphates by progressive pyrophosphorolysis of the nucleic acid; (2) producing at least one substantially double-stranded oligonucleotide used probe by reacting in the presence of a polymerase and a ligase at least one of the single nucleoside triphosphates with a corresponding probe system comprising (a) a first single-stranded oligonucleotide labelled with characteristic detectable elements in an undetectable state and (b) second and third single-stranded oligonucleotides capable of hybridising to complementary regions on the first oligonucleotide; (3) digesting the used probe with an enzyme having double-stranded exonucleolytic activity to yield the detectable elements in a detectable state and a single-stranded fourth oligonucleotide which is at least in part the sequence complement of the first oligonucleotide; (4) reacting the fourth oligonucleotide with another first oligonucleotide to produce a substantially double-stranded oligonucleotide product corresponding to the used probe; (5) repeating steps (3) and (4) in a cycle and (6) detecting the characteristic detectable elements released in each iteration of step (3). ... Base4 Innovation Ltd

Single nucleotide detection method

A method of sequencing a nucleic acid such as dna or rna is provided. It is characterised by the steps of (1) generating a stream of single nucleoside triphosphates by progressive pyrophosphorolysis of the nucleic acid; (2) producing at least one substantially double-stranded oligonucleotide used probe by reacting in the presence of a polymerase and a ligase at least one of the single nucleoside triphosphates with a corresponding probe system comprising (a) a first single-stranded oligonucleotide labelled with characteristic detectable elements in an undetectable state and (b) second and third single-stranded oligonucleotides capable of hybridising to complementary regions on the first oligonucleotide; (3) digesting the used probe with an enzyme having double-stranded exonucleolytic activity to yield the detectable elements in a detectable state and a single-stranded fourth oligonucleotide which is at least in part the sequence complement of the first oligonucleotide; (4) reacting the fourth oligonucleotide with another first oligonucleotide to produce a substantially double-stranded oligonucleotide product corresponding to the used probe; (5) repeating steps (3) and (4) in a cycle and (6) detecting the characteristic detectable elements released in each iteration of step (3). ... Base4 Innovation Ltd

Nucleotide polymorphism detection method

A method for characterising a dna analyte comprised of one or more polynucleotide types characteristic of a site of nucleotide polymorphism each of which includes a target region having the formula -x-y-z- wherein x and z are respectively first and second characteristic flanking oligonucleotide regions and y is one of the variants constituting the site is provided. The method is characterised by the steps of; (a) reacting a single-stranded oligonucleotide including the target region derived from at least one of the polynucleotide types with a set of unused probes comprised of (i) a single-stranded first aptamer terminating at its 3′ end in a sequence complementary to that of -x or -x-y and (ii) one or more second single-stranded aptamers terminating at their 5′ end in a sequence complementary to that of -z-y or -z (as the case may be) and labelled with detectable elements which are in an undetectable state in the presence of a ligase to create a substantially double-stranded used probe comprised of the oligonucleotide, first aptamer and one of the second aptamers; (b) wholly or in part digesting the used probe with an exonuclease or polymerase exhibiting exonuclease activity in a 3′ to 5′ direction into its constituent single nucleotides at least one of which includes a detectable element now in a detectable state and (c) thereafter detecting the detection property associated with the now detectable element thereby identifying the nature of the y variant and therefore the allele it gives rise to. ... Base4 Innovation Ltd

Improved droplet sequencing apparatus and method

An apparatus for sequencing a polynucleotide analyte is provided and comprises; •a first zone in which a stream of single nucleotides is generated by progressive digestion of a molecule of the analyte attached to a particle located therein and exposed to a flowing aqueous medium; •a second zone in which a corresponding stream of aqueous droplets is generated from the aqueous medium and the nucleotide stream and wherein at least some of the droplets contain a single nucleotide and •a third zone in which each droplet is stored and/or interrogated to reveal a property characteristic of the single nucleotide it may contain; characterised in that the first zone comprises a microfluidic channel through which the aqueous medium flows and the location comprises a hollow seating in a wall thereof to which suction can be applied and into which the particle can be close-fitted.. . ... Base4 Innovation Ltd

Single nucleotide detection method

A method of sequencing a nucleic acid such as dna or rna is provided. It is characterised by the steps of (1) generating a stream of single nucleoside triphosphates by progressive pyrophosphorolysis of the nucleic acid; (2) producing at least one substantially double-stranded oligonucleotide used probe by reacting in the presence of a polymerase and a ligase at least one of the single nucleoside triphosphates with a corresponding probe system comprising (a) a first single-stranded oligonucleotide labelled with characteristic detectable elements in an undetectable state and (b) second and third single-stranded oligonucleotides capable of hybridising to complementary regions on the first oligonucleotide; (3) digesting the used probe with an enzyme having double-stranded exonucleolytic activity to yield the detectable elements in a detectable state and a single-stranded fourth oligonucleotide which is at least in part the sequence complement of the first oligonucleotide; (4) reacting the fourth oligonucleotide with another first oligonucleotide to produce a substantially double-stranded oligonucleotide product corresponding to the used probe; (5) repeating steps (3) and (4) in a cycle and (6) detecting the characteristic detectable elements released in each iteration of step (3). ... Base4 Innovation Ltd

Methylation detection method

A method of determining whether a given single nucleotide is methylated or not methylated characterised by the steps of (a) contacting the single nucleotide with one or more hybridisation probe types each of which in its unused form comprises (1) a first oligonucleotide to which is attached one or more first detectable elements in an essentially undetectable state and which further comprises (i) double- and single-stranded regions and (ii) a region resistant to exonucleolytic degradation attached to the end of the double-stranded region adjacent the single-stranded region and (2) a second single-stranded oligonucleotide to which is attached one or more second detectable elements also in an essentially undetectable state and which is adapted to be at least in part the nucleotide sequence compliment of the single-stranded region of the first oligonucleotide; (b) for the relevant probe type causing (i) the single nucleotide to bind to the region resistant to exonucleolytic degradation and the single-stranded region and (ii) the second oligonucleotide to bind to the single nucleotide and the single-stranded nucleotide region to create a substantially double-stranded used probe; either (c1) treating the used probe with a methylation-dependent restriction endonuclease under conditions whereby the used probe is cleaved adjacent the region resistant to exonucleolytic degradation into two double-stranded oligonucleotide products if the single nucleotide is methylated or (c2) treating the used probe with a methylation-sensitive restriction endonuclease under conditions whereby the used probe is cleaved adjacent the region resistant to exonucleolytic degradation into two double-stranded oligonucleotide products if the single nucleotide is not methylated; and thereafter either (d1) treating the product of step (c1) with an exonuclease or a polymerase exhibiting exonuclease activity to liberate either only first or both first and second detectable elements in a detectable state if the single nucleotide is methylated, or only the second detectable elements if not or (d2) treating the product of step (c2) with an exonuclease or a polymerase exhibiting exonuclease activity to liberate either only first or both first and second detectable elements in a detectable state if the single nucleotide is not methylated, or only the second detectable element if the single nucleotide is methylated.. . ... Base4 Innovation Ltd








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