Real Time Touch



new TOP 200 Companies filing patents this week

new Companies with the Most Patent Filings (2010+)




Real Time Touch

Massachusetts Institute Of Technology patents


Recent patent applications related to Massachusetts Institute Of Technology. Massachusetts Institute Of Technology is listed as an Agent/Assignee. Note: Massachusetts Institute Of Technology may have other listings under different names/spellings. We're not affiliated with Massachusetts Institute Of Technology, we're just tracking patents.

ARCHIVE: New 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 | Company Directory "M" | Massachusetts Institute Of Technology-related inventors


Message fractionation and physical layer channel assignment for multiuser detection-enabled wireless communication among adaptive interference

A cognitive coexistence radio utilizes message fractionation and physical layer channel assignment to achieve co-existence communications in the presence of interferers. A transmit signal is split into a plurality of streams for transmission in occupied channels according to power allocation and modulation scheme. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

Method of manufacturing a substrate with reduced threading dislocation density

A method of manufacturing a substrate with reduced threading dislocation density is disclosed, which comprises: (i) at a first temperature, forming a first layer of wafer material on a semiconductor substrate, the first layer arranged to be doped with a first concentration of at least one dopant that is different to the wafer material; and (ii) at a second temperature higher than the first temperature, forming a second layer of the wafer material on the first layer to obtain the substrate, the second layer arranged to be doped with a progressively decreasing concentration of the dopant during formation, the doping configured to be decreased from the first concentration to a second concentration. The wafer material and dopant are different to silicon. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

Methods and apparatus for wideband localization

A transceiver may wirelessly transmit a communication signal at a first frequency and a sensing signal at a second frequency. The communication signal may include a command that causes a backscatter node to modulate impedance of an antenna, and thereby modulate reflectivity of the backscatter node. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

Apparatus, systems, and methods for on-chip spectroscopy using optical switches

A spectrometer includes an interferometer having a first interference arm and a second interference arm to produce interference patterns from incident light. At least one of the interference arms includes a series of cascaded optical switches connected by two (or more) waveguides of different lengths. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

Methods, systems, and apparatus for programmable quantum photonic processing

A programmable photonic integrated circuit implements arbitrary linear optics transformations in the spatial mode basis with high fidelity. Under a realistic fabrication model, we analyze programmed implementations of the cnot gate, cphase gate, iterative phase estimation algorithm, state preparation, and quantum random walks. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

Potassium-releasing material

The present disclosure, in various embodiments, discloses hydrothermal methods, hydrothermally modified materials and dried hydrothermally modified materials. Certain dried hydrothermally modified materials can readily releases ionic species such as alkali metal ions (k+, na+), silicate salts, and alkaline earth metal ions (mg2+, ca2+). ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

Curved crease honeycombs with tailorable stiffness and dynamic properties

Issues with pleat walled honeycombs are solved by replacing polygonal creases with curved creases. As with a conventional straight-walled honeycomb, these strips can be combined into a space-filling honeycomb structure. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

Systems and methods for collecting a species

Systems and methods related to the collection of a species from a gas stream are generally provided. The systems and methods described herein may allow for collection of a species such as a fluid (e.g., water) with a relatively high collection efficiency. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

Modular organ microphysiological system with microbiome

Fluidic multiwell bioreactors are provided as a microphysiological platform for in vitro investigation of multi-organ crosstalks with microbiome for an extended period of time of at least weeks and months. The platform has one or more improvements over existing bioreactors, including on-board pumping for pneumatically driven fluid flow, a redesigned spillway for self-leveling from source to sink, a non-contact built-in fluid level sensing device, precise control on fluid flow profile and partitioning, and facile reconfigurations such as daisy chaining and multilayer stacking. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

Systems and methods for the fabrication of tablets, including pharmaceutical tablets

Systems and methods for fabricating ingestible pharmaceutical tablets are provided. Certain of the systems and methods described herein are capable of manufacturing tablets of different dosages without the need to fluidically connect or disconnect unit operations when switching from a tablet having a first dosage to a tablet having a second, different dosage. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

Learning sleep stages from radio signals

A method for tracking a sleep stage of a subject takes as input a sequence of observations sensed over an observation time period. The sequence of observation values is processed to yield a corresponding sequence of encoded observations using a first artificial neural network (ann) and the sequence of encoded observation values is processed to yield a sequence of sleep stage indicators using a second artificial network. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

Methods and apparatus for mode-locking on-chip lasers

An artificial saturable absorber uses additive pulse mode-locking to enable pulse operation of an on-chip laser operation. Four different artificial saturable absorbers are disclosed. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

Electronic device authentication system

A method for determining an authenticity of a configurable electronic device includes configuring the configurable electronic device according to stimulus data, measuring one or more side-effects of operation of the configurable electronic device after configuration of the electronic device to generate representations of the one or more side-effects, processing the representations of the side-effects using a feature extraction module to determine one or more features characterizing the representations of the side-effects, and processing the one or more features characterizing the representations of the side-effects using an authentication module to determine a degree of authenticity of the configurable electronic device.. . ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

Method and apparatus of surface-incident, plasmon-enhanced multiple quantum well modulators and optical coupling thereon

An optical interconnect system has first and second waveguides each with wedge-shaped cross-section at a first end, disposed over an optical modulator. The optical modulator is a surface-plasmon multi quantum well (sp-mqw) modulator, the first waveguide an input waveguide and the second waveguide configured an output waveguide. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

09/20/18 / #20180267021

Methods and devices for assessing cell properties under controlled gas environments

The invention in some aspects relates to high throughput methods and devices for evaluating mechanical, morphological, kinetic, rheological or hematological properties of cells, such as blood cells under regulated gas conditions. In some aspects, the invention relates to methods and devices for diagnosing and/or characterizing a condition or disease in a subject by measuring a property of a cell from the subject, under controlled gas conditions.. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

09/20/18 / #20180266959

Apparatus, methods, and systems for high-power and narrow-linewidth lasers

A system includes a build-up cavity to locally increase the power of light beams within the build-up cavity, where the light beams interact with samples to sense a substance of interest. The build-up cavity is disposed within a main cavity that includes a gain material to amplify the light beams. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

09/20/18 / #20180264191

Systems and methods for neural drug delivery and modulation of brain activity

A neural drug delivery system is disclosed. In an embodiment, the system includes two or more microtubes, each having a distal end, a proximal end, and elongate channel body extending therebetween; an electrode having a distal end, a proximal end, and elongate body extending therebetween; an elongate carrying template supporting the microtubes and the electrode in an aligned stack; and an annular needle having a distal end and a proximal end, and housing the carrying template, the microtubes, and the electrode. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

09/20/18 / #20180263602

Method for detecting circulating cells in superficial body fluids

The present invention relates to a method for measuring circulating cells in superficial body fluids by means of high-frequency-based device. The method can be used for detecting circulating cells in the fluids of an individual without the necessity of extracting a sample of the individual, being useful as a diagnostic tool and for monitoring the effectiveness of a treatment administered to an individual suffering from a viral, protozoal, fungal and/or bacterial disease.. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

09/06/18 / #20180254197

Method of encapsulating a substrate

A method of encapsulating a substrate is disclosed, in which the substrate has at least the following layers: a cmos device layer, a layer of first semiconductor material different to silicon, and a layer of second semiconductor material, the layer of first semiconductor material arranged intermediate the cmos device layer and the layer of second semiconductor material. The method comprises: (i) circumferentially removing a portion of the substrate at the edges; and (ii) depositing a dielectric material on the substrate to replace the portion removed at step (i) for encapsulating at least the cmos device layer and the layer of first semiconductor material. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

09/06/18 / #20180253222

Methods and apparatus for multimedia presentation

Closed loop control of a multimedia system may be achieved with a control space that includes at least two control axes. In each control axis, a coordinate on the axis may indicate a degree to which a multimedia scene facilitates or is perceived to facilitate a user state or a degree to which the user state is achieved. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

09/06/18 / #20180251789

Multilayer genetic safety kill circuits based on single cas9 protein and multiple engineered grna in mammalian cells

Aspects of the disclosure relate to synthetic regulatory systems composed of a multifunctional clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeat (crispr)-associated (cas) nuclease and at least two distinct guide rnas (grnas). The synthetic regulatory system modulates cleavage and transcription, including repression and activation, in a mammalian cell such as a human cell.. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

09/06/18 / #20180251740

Compositions and methods for treatment of pain

Embodied herein are engineered fusion proteins that bind and target nociceptor neurons, compositions comprising these engineered fusion proteins, and methods for treatment of pain using these engineered fusion proteins or compositions containing the engineered fusion proteins. The engineered fusion proteins contain domains derived from protein toxins such as the anthrax toxin, clostridial botulinum family of toxins, disulphide-containing toxins, and ab component type toxins.. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

09/06/18 / #20180251581

Compositions and methods for olefin polymerization comprising metal organic frameworks

Compositions and methods for selective olefin (e.g., ethylene) polymerization comprising metal organic frameworks (mofs) are generally provided. In some embodiments, a mof comprises a plurality of metal ions, each coordinated with at least one ligand comprising at least two unsaturated n-heterocyclic aromatic groups arranged about an organic core.. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

09/06/18 / #20180250664

Compositions and methods for selective olefin oligomerization comprising metal organic frameworks

Compositions and methods for selective olefin (e.g., ethylene) oligomerization comprising metal organic frameworks (mofs) are generally provided in some embodiments, a mof comprises a plurality of metal ions, each coordinated with at least one ligand comprising at least two unsaturated n-heterocyclic aromatic groups arranged about an organic core.. . ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

08/23/18 / #20180241646

System and method for cyber sensing for power outage detection

A method for cyber sensing for power outage detection includes receiving a selected geographic region for detection and monitoring of power outages; gathering internet protocol (ip) network addresses of ip networks within the geographical region; filtering the gathered ip network addresses of ip networks within the geographical region, wherein the gathered ip network addresses of ip networks within the geographical region are referred to herein as geo-relevant ip network addresses; calculating a baseline value for each geo-relevant ip network; scanning the filtered geo-relevant ip network once per predefined time interval, so that each individual ip address within each geo-relevant ip network is tested for response and determining how many devices within the geo-relevant ip network positively respond to the testing; periodically repeating the step of scanning and comparing scan results; and displaying results of scanning.. . ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

08/23/18 / #20180241107

Air-breathing aqueous sulfur rechargeable batteries

An electrochemical apparatus includes a catholyte, an anolyte, and a separator disposed between the catholyte and the anolyte. The catholyte includes metal salt dissolved in water, thereby providing at least one metal ion. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

08/23/18 / #20180240606

Perovskite solar cells including semiconductor nanomaterials

A photovoltaic device can include a first charge transporting layer including a plurality of semiconductor nanocrystals in contact with a first electrode, a second charge transporting layer in contact with a second electrode and an absorber layer including a perovskite material between the first charge transporting layer and the second charge transporting layer. The plurality of semiconductor nanocrystals can include a core and a shell, wherein the core has a first semiconductor material and the shell has a second semiconductor material.. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

08/23/18 / #20180238915

Microfluidic platform for rapid biologics analysis

The invention relates to generally applicable methods and platforms for the assessment of a wide variety of drugs, including biologic drugs. Aspects of the invention further relate to such methods and platforms capable of measuring not only the equilibria but also the kinetics of drug-receptor interactions. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

08/23/18 / #20180237844

Preparation of templates for methylation analysis

The invention relates to a kit for preparing a library of template polynucleotides suitable for use as templates in solid-phase nucleic acid amplification and sequencing reactions to determine the methylation status of the cytosine bases in the library. In particular, the invention relates to a kit for preparing a library of template polynucleotides suitable for methylation analysis.. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

08/23/18 / #20180237504

Novel full spectrum anti-dengue antibody

The present invention provides, among other things, antibody agents (e.g., antibodies, and/or antigen-binding fragments thereof) that bind to dv epitopes, as well as compositions containing them and methods of designing, providing, formulating, using, identifying and/or characterizing them. In some embodiments, provided antibody agents show significant binding to a plurality of dv serotypes. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

08/23/18 / #20180237321

Engineered yeast as a method for bioremediation

Metal bioremediation and metal mining strategies can include compositions and methods.. . ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

08/23/18 / #20180236659

Compositional impedance programming for robots

Described herein are concepts, techniques, and structures for robot control using compositional impedance programming. In one embodiment, a robot control system comprises a plurality of impedance modules, each of the impedance modules defining one or more mechanical impedance parameters and an impedance controller.. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

08/23/18 / #20180235934

Noradrenergic drug treatment of obstructive sleep apnea

Aspects of the disclosure relate to methods for treating disorders using agents for promoting hypoglossal motoneuron excitability. In some instances the disorders include obstructive sleep apnea (osa), cataplexy, attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (adhd), attention deficit disorder (add) or depression. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

08/23/18 / #20180235548

Apparatus and method for motor function characterization

Analysis of keystroke dynamics performed by an individual can be used for assessment and monitoring of the individual's motor function. Keystroke events related to a user pressing one or more keys on a keyboard or regions on a touch screen may be analyzed to identify a plurality of distributions of keystroke event intervals. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

08/16/18 / #20180234161

Methods and apparatus for analog relay

A full-duplex analog relay may comprise an analog uplink relay and an analog downlink relay, and may relay signals between a transmitter and a backscatter node. The spectrum of the downlink signal transmitted by the downlink relay may be different than the spectrum of the uplink signal received by the uplink relay. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

08/16/18 / #20180233733

Methods and apparatus for controlling electrodeposition using surface charge properties

Surface conduction in porous media can drastically alter the stability and morphology of electrodeposition at high rates, above the diffusion-limited current. Above the limiting current, surface conduction inhibits growth in the positive membrane and produces irregular dendrites, while it enhances growth and suppresses dendrites behind a deionization shock in the negative membrane. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

08/16/18 / #20180233647

Formation of p-type filled skutterudite by ball-milling and thermo-mechanical processing

A method of manufacturing a thermoelectric material comprising: ball-milling a compound comprising a plurality of components, the first component m comprising at least one of a rare earth metal, an actinide, an alkaline-earth metal, and an alkali metal, the second component t comprising a metal of subgroup viii, and the third component x comprises a pnictogen atom. The compound may be ball-milled for up to 5 hours, and then thermo-mechanically processed by, for example, hot pressing the compound for less than two hours. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

08/16/18 / #20180233323

Systems and methods for automated microscopy

A method of locating a substrate within a field of view of an imaging system includes acquiring an image of a first marker on a substrate in the field of view. The first marker has a first spatial pattern representing a position of the first marker relative to the substrate. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

08/16/18 / #20180231984

System for on-demand high-capacity ride-sharing via dynamic trip-vehicle assignment and related techniques

Described are concepts, systems, devices and techniques for real-time high-capacity ride-sharing that (i) scales to large numbers of passengers and trips and (ii) dynamically generates routes (e.g. Optimal or near optimal routes) in response to online demand and vehicle locations.. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

08/16/18 / #20180231385

Inertial odometry with retroactive sensor calibration

Systems and methods for determining pose parameters of an inertial measurement unit (imu) sensor include collecting measurement data generated by imu sensors, using a processor to temporally integrate the measurement data, including any errors, generating a temporally continuous error propagation model, and temporally integrating the model to generate one or more compensation gradients for said pose parameters.. . ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

08/16/18 / #20180228903

Compositions with permeation enhancers for drug delivery

The present invention provides compositions and methods for delivery of therapeutic agents across an barrier. The compositions include a therapeutic agent (e.g., antimicrobial agent, antibiotic, or anesthetic agent), a permeation enhancer which increases the flux of the therapeutic agent across the barrier, and a matrix forming agent. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

08/09/18 / #20180225803

Method for dynamic video magnification

The method for dynamic video magnification magnifies small motions occurring simultaneously within large motions. The method involves selecting a region of interest from a video for magnification. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

08/09/18 / #20180224866

On-demand high-capacity ride-sharing via dynamic trip-vehicle assignment with future requests

Described is a method and system for vehicle routing and request assignment which incorporates a prediction of future demand. The method seamlessly integrates sampled future requests into request assignments and vehicle routing.. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

08/09/18 / #20180224540

Extending footprint for localization using surface penetrating radar (spr)

A method for extending a surface penetrating radar (spr) footprint for performing localization with an spr system is disclosed. The method may include may include transmitting at least one spr signal from at least one spr transmit element. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

08/09/18 / #20180224443

Dynamic resonant circuits for chemical and physical sensing with a reader and rfid tags

A tag for detecting an analyte can include a radio frequency identification tag including a sensor portion, the sensor portion configured to change resistivity when the radio frequency identification tag contacts or interacts with an analyte, whereby the resistivity change alters an output of the radio frequency identification tag, wherein the sensor portion includes a circuit, and wherein the sensor portion is configured to activate the circuit or deactivate the circuit when contacted or having interacted with the analyte, where the sensor portion includes a plurality of carbon nanotubes associated with a chemically-degradable polymer. In certain embodiments, the chemically degradable polymer can be a metallo-supramolecular polymer.. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

08/09/18 / #20180221321

Methods and products related to glutaminase inhibitors

The invention relates to methods and related compositions for enhancing cancer therapy and in particular glutaminase inhibitor therapy. The methods involve methods for identifying patients susceptible to glutaminase inhibitor therapy as well as sensitizing patients to glutaminase inhibitor therapy.. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

08/02/18 / #20180217251

Method and system for localization of a vehicle using surface penetrating radar

A method and a surface penetrating radar (spr) system for localization of a vehicle are disclosed. The method includes transmitting a radar signal having a first frequency into a subsurface region adjacent to a vehicle. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

08/02/18 / #20180217231

Determining surface characteristics

A method for determining surface characteristics is disclosed. The method may include transmitting a surface penetrating radar (spr) signal towards a surface from a spr system. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

08/02/18 / #20180217122

Systems and methods for genome mapping

A system for molecular mapping includes a semiconductor substrate defining a reservoir to receive a sample of molecules and a nanofluidic channel in fluid communication with the reservoir. The system also includes a plurality of electrodes, in electrical communication with the nanofluidic channel, to electrophoretically trap the sample of molecules in the nanofluidic channel. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

08/02/18 / #20180216161

Multiplexed signal amplified fish via splinted ligation amplification and sequencing

The present invention relates to a method for amplifying at least one target rna in a fixed and, optionally, expanded biological sample. In an embodiment of the invention, the method comprises incubating the fixed biological sample with a pair of polynucleotides complementary to non-overlapping and proximal sequences of a target rna, wherein the polynucleotide pair hybridizes to the target rna; ligating the polynucleotide pair using a ligase; and amplifying the ligation product. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

08/02/18 / #20180215928

Articles and methods providing scale-phobic surfaces

This invention relates generally to articles, devices, and methods for inhibiting or preventing the formation of scale during various industrial processes. In certain embodiments, a vessel is provided for use in an industrial process, the vessel including a surface in contact with a mineral solution, wherein the surface is provided or is modified to have γpolar/γtotal no greater than about 0.2 and/or the surface is provided or is modified to have a surface energy γ no greater than about 32 mj/m2, thereby providing resistance to mineral scale deposits thereupon.. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

07/26/18 / #20180212764

Secure network coding for multi-description wireless transmission

Described herein is a method and system for wireless data transmission with network coding which limits encryption operations to a critical set of network coding coefficients in combination with multi-resolution and/or multi-description video coding. Such a method and system achieves hierarchical fidelity levels, robustness against wireless packet loss and efficient security by exploiting the algebraic structure of network coding.. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

07/26/18 / #20180212026

Surface modified diamond materials and methods of manufacturing

New compositions of matter and device constructs are disclosed in the form of diamond material layers or films having one or more surfaces treated with chemically active radicals, e.g., photo-radical or thermal-radical generators to reduce and stabilize their surface resistance. The compositions exhibit stable, markedly lower surface resistances, e.g., below about 3 kΩ sq−1 or between about 3 and 2 kΩ sq−1 or below 2 kΩ sq−1, or below 1 kΩ sq−1, or lower. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

07/26/18 / #20180210197

Use of microparticle additives to simultaneously enable artifact-free image registration, auto-focusing, and chromatic aberration correction in microscopy

High-contrast, high-density cell-sized microparticles are introduced into a cell-containing solution prior to the solution being spread onto a planar substrate for imaging. The microparticles facilitate both the process of imager autofocusing and the subsequent registration of multiple images taken of regions of the substrate. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

07/26/18 / #20180208712

Polymerizable sulfonamide compounds and polymers thereof

Methods, compositions, reagents, and systems that allow for the preparation and utilization of sulfonamide salt polymer electrolytes are disclosed herein. Methods and reagents to prepare sulfonamide salt monomers are also disclosed herein. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

07/26/18 / #20180208699

Polymers and uses thereof

The present invention provides polymers and methods of preparing the same. In certain embodiments, the polymers comprise acrylate repeating units that have been derivatized (e.g., reduced and/or substituted) to form new polymeric structures. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

07/26/18 / #20180206586

Energy harvesting footwear

The present disclosure is related to energy-harvesting articles of footwear, and associated components and methods. In some embodiments, an energy-harvesting article of footwear comprises a compressible bladder, a pneumatic motor fluidically connected to the compressible bladder, and an electric generator operatively coupled to the pneumatic motor. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

07/19/18 / #20180205020

Emissive compounds and related devices

In one aspect, compositions comprising emissive compounds including polycyclic aromatic groups are provided. In some embodiments, the emissive compounds may include various moieties having desirable physical and electronic properties. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

07/19/18 / #20180204379

System and method for providing reconstruction of human surfaces from orientation data

A system and method for reconstructing a positional contour of a variably contoured surface includes a plurality of positional sensors and a plurality of orientation sensor disposed upon the surface, a processor and a memory. The system captures a positional description of the surface and produces a rotationally-invariant point cloud, and captures a first absolute orientation description of the surface and produces a first set of relative orientations. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

07/19/18 / #20180202935

Multifocal imaging systems and method

In the systems and methods of the present invention a multifocal multiphoton imaging system has a signal to noise ratio (snr) that is reduced by over an order of magnitude at imaging depth equal to twice the mean free path scattering length of the specimen. An mmm system based on an area detector such as a multianode photomultiplier tube (mapmt) that is optimized for high-speed tissue imaging. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

07/19/18 / #20180202375

Optimized fuel management system for direct injection ethanol enhancement of gasoline engines

Fuel management system for enhanced operation of a spark ignition gasoline engine. Injectors inject an anti-knock agent such as ethanol directly into a cylinder. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

07/19/18 / #20180201889

Delivery of materials to anucleate cells

The current subject matter includes methods, systems, articles, and techniques to deliver material to anucleate cells, such as red blood cells. Using a rapid deformation based microfluidic system, loading of red blood cells with macromolecules of different sizes has been shown. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

07/12/18 / #20180198256

Method for high-concentration doping of germanium with phosphorous

In a method for electrically doping a semiconducting material, a layer of germanium is formed having a germanium layer thickness, while in situ incorporating phosphorus dopant atoms at a concentration of at least about 5×1018 cm−3 through the thickness of the germanium layer during formation of the germanium layer. Additional phosphorus dopant atoms are ex situ incorporated through the thickness of the germanium layer, after formation of the germanium layer, to produce through the germanium layer thickness a total phosphorus dopant concentration of at least about 2×1019 cm−3.. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

07/12/18 / #20180197999

High-linearity transistors

A transistor includes a first gate-controlled region having a first threshold voltage and a second gate-controlled region in parallel with the first gate-controlled region. The second gate-controlled region has a second threshold voltage different form the first threshold voltage.. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

07/12/18 / #20180197736

Systems and methods for graphene based layer transfer

A graphene-based layer transfer (gblt) technique is disclosed. In this approach, a device layer including a iii-v semiconductor, si, ge, iii-n semiconductor, sic, sige, or ii-vi semiconductor is fabricated on a graphene layer, which in turn is disposed on a substrate. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

07/12/18 / #20180197686

Lubricant-impregnated surfaces for electrochemical applications, and devices and systems using the same

In certain embodiments, the invention relates to an electrochemical device having a liquid lubricant impregnated surface. At least a portion of the interior surface of the electrochemical device includes a portion that includes a plurality of solid features disposed therein. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

07/12/18 / #20180196058

Multiplexed detection with isotope-coded reporters

Some aspects of this invention provide reagents and methods for the sensitive, quantitative and simultaneous detection of target analytes in complex biological samples by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (lc ms/ms). Some aspects of this invention provide affinity reagents encoded with mass reporters for the sensitive and quantitative translation of an analyte of interest into a mass tag. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

07/12/18 / #20180196025

Chemical sensor for heavy metal detection

A chemical sensor for heavy metal detection is provided. The chemical sensor includes an inlet, a chamber in fluid communication with the inlet, and an outlet in fluid communication with the chamber. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

07/12/18 / #20180195213

Active woven materials

Active fabrics typically include a plurality of fibers. At least one of the fibers exhibits a change in length or width upon exposure to an external stimulus, such as heat, moisture, or light. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

07/12/18 / #20180194106

Active lattices

An active lattice capable of self-transforming responsive to a stimulus, such as heat or moisture, includes a plurality of links interconnected to each other at a plurality of nodes. At least a subset of links includes at least two materials that have different coefficients of expansion in response to an external stimulus. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

07/12/18 / #20180194066

Systems and methods of machine vision assisted additive fabrication

The present application relates generally to systems and methods for using machine vision to provide information on one or more aspects of an additive fabrication device, such as calibration parameters and/or an object formed by the device or in the process of being formed by the device. According to some aspects, a method is provided for calibrating an additive fabrication device. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

07/12/18 / #20180193518

Controllably degradable compositions and methods

Methods, compositions, kits, and drug delivery devices are provided for treating, adhering, or sealing biological tissues. The methods include combining a first solution that includes an oligomer/polymer component and a second solution that includes a dendrimer component, and at least one of the oligomer/polymer component and dendrimer component includes at least one substituent that is capable of photoreversible dimerization. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

07/12/18 / #20180192974

Integrated optical blocking filter for compact x-ray imaging detector

An x-ray imaging device can include an x-ray detector and an optical-blocking filter. The x-ray detector has an entrance-window surface for receiving x-rays, at least one side surface, and a back surface facing in an opposite direction from the entrance-window surface. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

07/05/18 / #20180190973

Systems and methods of preparing lithium sulfur electrode using sacrificial template

Embodiments described herein relate generally to lithium sulfur batteries and methods of producing the same. As described herein, preventing coarsening of sulfur during the well-known melt-diffusion processing of cathodes allows a high areal capacity of 10.7 mah/cm2 at current density of 3.4 ma/cm2 (c-rate of 1/5 h−1). ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

07/05/18 / #20180188151

Method to distinguish and analyze white blood cells in the presence of red blood cells

Method for distinguishing between red blood cells and white blood cells. The method includes obliquely illuminating the blood sample with light from at least two rotational angles and analyzing light side scattered from cells in the sample to provide accurate discrimination of white blood cell types based on the anisotropy of red blood cell side scatter as compared to more isotropic white blood cell side scatter.. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

07/05/18 / #20180187186

Compositions comprising nucleic acids and methods of using the same

The disclosure relates to compositions comprising and methods for chemical modification of single guide rna (sgrna), tracrrna and/or crrna used individually or in combination with one another or cas system components. Compositions comprising modified ribonucleic acids have been designed with chemical modification for even higher efficiency as unmodified native strand of sgrna. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

07/05/18 / #20180187183

Dna microscopy

The present invention relates to dna microscopy methods to record the cellular co-localization and/or spatial distributions of arbitrary nucleic acid sequences, or other biomolecules tagged with nucleic sequences. The method involves sequence-components which may identify the targeted sequences-of-interest themselves and/or spatial beacons relative to which their distances are measured.. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

07/05/18 / #20180187169

Thiolase variants and methods of use thereof

Described herein are thiolase variants, cells expressing the thiolase variants, and methods of their use for the biosynthesis of desired products.. . ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

07/05/18 / #20180187072

Ligands for semiconductor nanocrysals

In this invention, polyimidazole ligands (pils) incorporating pendant imidazole moieties for nanocrystal binding and either sulfonatebetaine, carboxybetaine, or phosphocholinebetaine moieties for water-solubilization have been developed. Greatly enhanced stability of nanocrystals (both over time and in wide ph range) was achieved by incorporating multi-dentate imidazole moieties which provide strong coordination of the ligand to the nanocrystal surface and prevent aggregation of nanocrystals. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

07/05/18 / #20180185513

Nano-fibular nanoparticle polymer-drug conjugate for sustained dermal delivery of retinoids

Disclosed herein are conjugated polymers comprising a polymer and an all-trans retinoic acid (atra) prodrug covalently bound to the polymer by a hydrolysable linker l or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, and methods of using same to treat certain disorders. In an embodiment, the conjugated polymer comprises poly (vinyl alcohol) covalently bound to atra through an ester linkage.. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

07/05/18 / #20180185473

Lipid vesicle compositions and methods of use

The invention provides delivery systems comprised of stabilized multilamellar vesicles, as well as compositions, methods of synthesis, and methods of use thereof. The stabilized multilamellar vesicles comprise terminal-cysteine-bearing antigens or cysteine-modified antigens, at their surface and/or internally.. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

07/05/18 / #20180185286

Porous materials containing compounds including pharmaceutically active species

Materials containing pharmaceutically active species in solid (e.g., crystal) form, and related methods, are provided, allowing for improved stability, solubility, bioavailability, and/or dissolution rates for pharmaceutically active species having poor aqueous solubility.. . ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

06/28/18 / #20180184024

Methods and apparatus for true high dynamic range (thdr) time-delay-and-integrate (tdi) imaging

In time-delay-and-integrate (tdi) imaging, a charge-couple device (ccd) integrates and transfers charge across its columns. Unfortunately, the limited well depth of the ccd limits the dynamic range of the resulting image. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

06/28/18 / #20180181540

Systems and methods for distributed solution of optimization problems

A framework is presented for designing a class of distributed, asynchronous optimization algorithms realized as signal processing architectures utilizing various conservation principles. The architectures are specifically based on stationary conditions pertaining to primal and dual variables in a class of generally nonconvex optimization problems. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

06/28/18 / #20180180811

Waveguide formation using cmos fabrication techniques

Conventional approaches to integrating waveguides within standard electronic processes typically involve using a dielectric layer, such as polysilicon, single-crystalline silicon, or silicon nitride, within the in-foundry process or depositing and patterning a dielectric layer in the backend as a post-foundry process. In the present approach, the back-end of the silicon handle is etched away after in-foundry processing to expose voids or trenches defined using standard in-foundry processing (e.g., complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (cmos) processing). ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

06/28/18 / #20180180364

Liquid-impregnated surfaces, methods of making, and devices incorporating the same

The invention is directed to an article with a liquid-impregnated surface, the surface having a matrix of features thereupon, spaced sufficiently close to stably contain a liquid therebetween or therewithin, and preferable also a thin film thereupon. The surface provides the article with advantageous non-wetting properties. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

06/21/18 / #20180175809

Power amplifier operation

Systems and methods for improving power amplifier operation are provided. A system may include a baseband signal generator communicatively coupled to a baseband signal digital-to-analog converter. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

06/21/18 / #20180175635

Wireless power transfer

A method includes determining, by a base station including a number of transmitting coils, a first number of mutual magnetic parameters, each mutual magnetic parameter being associated with one of the transmitting coils and a receiving coil of at least one receiving coil associated with at least one electronic device remotely located from and to be remotely charged by the base station, determining a plurality of control signals based on the first number of mutual magnetic parameters, each control signal being associated with a corresponding one of the transmitting coils, providing each control signal to a driving circuit coupled to the control signal's corresponding transmitting coil, and using each control signal to cause the driving circuit coupled to the control signal's corresponding transmitting coil to cause a current with a magnitude and phase determined from the control signal to flow in the corresponding transmitting coil.. . ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

06/21/18 / #20180174291

Determining soil state and controlling equipment based on captured images

Methods and systems for controlling earth moving equipment are described. In some embodiments, a stream of images may be captured using at least one imaging system. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

06/21/18 / #20180172723

Apparatus and methods for photonic integrated resonant accelerometers

The accelerometers disclosed herein provide excellent sensitivity, long-term stability, and low swap-c through a combination of photonic integrated circuit technology with standard micro-electromechanical systems (mems) technology. Examples of these accelerometers use optical transduction to improve the scale factor of traditional mems resonant accelerometers by accurately measuring the resonant frequencies of very small (e.g., about 1 μm) tethers attached to a large (e.g., about 1 mm) proof mass. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

06/21/18 / #20180171604

Sorption-based atmospheric water harvesting device

A water-harvesting system can operate with a material that can take up and release water with minimum energy requirements and powered by low-grade energy sources, such as sunlight, in order to potentially allow its deployment into households, especially those located in sunny regions. A water-harvesting method and system can include vapor adsorption using a porous metal-organic framework. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

06/21/18 / #20180171297

Targeting bcl11a enhancer functional regions for fetal hemoglobin reinduction

Provided herein are nucleic acid molecules that target the bcl11a enhancer functional regions, compositions comprising the nucleic acid molecules and methods for increasing fetal hemoglobin levels in a cell by disrupting bcl11a expression at the genomic level. Also provided herein are methods and compositions relating to the treatment of hemoglobinopathies by reinduction of fetal hemoglobin levels. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

06/21/18 / #20180169953

Adaptive material deposition for additive manufacturing

A closed-loop adaptive material deposition apparatus and method uses a scanning system to monitor an additively manufactured object as it is being fabricated and adapting the geometric shape and material composition of the subsequent layers based on the scan data. The scanning system repeatedly captures geometric and/or material information of a partially manufactured object with optional auxiliary objects inserted during the manufacturing process. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

06/21/18 / #20180169302

Methods and compositions for the treatment of open and closed wound spinal cord injuries

Devices and methods for the treatment of open and closed wound spinal cord injuries are disclosed. For example, described herein are devices and methods for mitigating secondary injury to, and promoting recovery of, spinal cord primary injuries. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

06/21/18 / #20180168440

Methods and apparatus for imaging and 3d shape reconstruction

An otoscope may project a temporal sequence of phase-shifted fringe patterns onto an eardrum, while a camera in the otoscope captures images. A computer may calculate a global component of these images. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

06/14/18 / #20180166727

Extruder feed system

Extruder feed system. The system includes a pair of spaced-apart, internally and oppositely threaded rotatable elements for receiving and engaging a plastic filament material. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

06/14/18 / #20180164440

Methods and apparatus for three-dimensional (3d) imaging

A method of imaging a scene includes estimating multiple three-dimensional (3d) representations, each of which corresponds to a respective portion of the scene. Neighboring portions of the scene area are at least partially overlapping. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

06/14/18 / #20180163995

Selective solar absorbers with tuned oxygen deficiency and methods of fabrication thereof

Systems and methods disclosed herein are directed towards the fabrication of a solar absorber comprising an ir reflector layer deposited on a substrate; a first cermet layer deposited in contact with the ir reflector layer; a second cermet layer deposited in contact with the first cermet layer; a first anti-reflection coating layer deposited in contact with the second cermet layer; a second anti-reflection coating layer deposited in contact with the first anti-reflection coating layer. A sputtering process may be used to deposit some or all of the layers, and the ysz layers in each cermet layer may be deposited with a tuned partial oxygen pressure in order to form a layer that is oxygen-deficient.. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

06/14/18 / #20180163265

Unbiased identification of double-strand breaks and genomic rearrangement by genome-wide insert capture sequencing

The invention provides for systems, methods, compositions, and kits for the complete characterization of targeted nuclease specificity which necessitates techniques that can assess the full possibility space of off-target activity and genomic stability following genome editing. Also provided are the materials and techniques which enable the comprehensive genomic stability accompanying a range of cellular perturbations, including genome editing (zfn, talen, crispr, and future technologies) and disease modeling among other applications.. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

06/14/18 / #20180163216

Gene expression in bacteroides

Provided herein, in some aspects, are tools (e.g., methods, compositions and nucleic acids) for building genetic circuits in bacteroides and parabacteroides bacteria, as well as the bacteria containing the genetic circuits.. . ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

06/14/18 / #20180162087

Flexural digital material construction and transduction

Flexural digital materials are discrete parts that can be assembled into a lattice structure to produce an actuatable structure capable of coordinated reversible spatially-distributed deformation. The structure comprises a set of discrete flexural digital material units assembled according to a lattice geometry, with a majority of the discrete units being connected, or adapted to be connected, to at least two other units according to the geometry. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

06/14/18 / #20180161836

Articles and methods for modifying condensation on surfaces

The articles and methods described herein provide a way to manipulate condensation on a surface by micro/nano-engineering textures on the surface and filling the spaces between the texture features with an impregnating liquid that is stably held therebetween or therewithin. The articles and methods allow droplets of water, or other condensed phases, even in micrometer size range, to easily shed from the surface, thereby enhancing contact between a condensing species and the condensing surface. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

06/14/18 / #20180161727

Concentration control in filtration systems, and associated methods

Concentration control in filtration systems and associated methods are generally described. Streams originating from upstream filters and having similar concentrations of a target minor component and/or similar osmotic pressures can be mixed and subsequently filtered within additional filters. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

06/14/18 / #20180161362

Controllably degradable compositions and methods

Methods for treating, adhering, or sealing biological tissue are provided. The methods include combining solutions containing a polymer component and a dendrimer component capable of reacting with each other, and at least one of the components includes a substituent capable of photoreversible dimerization that can be reversibly dimerized. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

06/14/18 / #20180161180

Passive artificial knee

A passive artificial knee includes a knee hinge assembly defining a knee axis, a locking hinge assembly defining a locking axis, and a post linking the knee hinge assembly and the locking hinge assembly. A ground reaction force applied to the artificial knee posterior to the locking axis causes an interfering relation by compression of the locking hinge assembly and the knee hinge assembly during heel strike at early-stance gait phase of an individual wearing the artificial knee, thereby locking rotation of the post about the knee axis. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

06/07/18 / #20180160217

Systems, apparatus, and methods for hearing protection

Systems, apparatus, and methods for filtering acoustic energy include a first conduit substantially aligned with a longitudinal axis and defining a first opening for receiving incident acoustic energy from the environment. A cavity in fluid communication with the first conduit selectively amplifies and/or dampens the acoustic energy based on an associated resonance frequency. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

06/07/18 / #20180159181

Flame-retardant, non-toxic phosphate ester ionic liquid electrolytes and method of making

A phosphate ester compound can include a cation and an anion, the anion being an alkyl phosphate. The phosphate ester compound can be a phosphate ester ionic liquid. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

06/07/18 / #20180159012

Systems and methods for the synthesis of high thermoelectric performance doped-snte materials

A thermoelectric composition comprising tin (sn), tellurium (te) and at least one dopant that comprises a peak dimensionless figure of merit (zt) of 1.1 and a seebeck coefficient of at least 50 μv/k and a method of manufacturing the thermoelectric composition. A plurality of components are disposed in a ball-milling vessel, wherein the plurality of components comprise tin (sn), tellurium (te), and at least one dopant such as indium (in). ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

06/07/18 / #20180155721

Synthetic bacteriophages and bacteriophage compositions

Disclosed herein are novel synthetic bacteriophages and bacteriophage compositions, methods of production thereof, and therapeutic uses thereof.. . ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

06/07/18 / #20180155400

Compressed pathways for nonribosomal molecular biosynthesis

Provided herein are synthetic pathways from escherichia coli and vibrio cholerae genes for the production of new, synthetic nonribosomal peptides, and methods and compositions comprising the same. Some aspects of the present disclosure are directed to modified bacterial cells comprising a compressed biosynthetic pathway that comprises (a) biosynthetic genes obtained from one species encoding enzymes active in the bioassembly of a nonribosomal molecule, (b) biosynthetic genes obtained from another species encoding enzymes active in the bioassembly of a nonribosomal molecule that is different from the nonribosomal molecule of (a). ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

06/07/18 / #20180155283

Dopamine d2 receptor ligands

The present invention relates to novel dopamine d2 receptor ligands. The invention further relates to functionally-biased dopamine d2 receptor ligands and the use of these compounds for treating or preventing central nervous system and systemic disorders associated with dysregulation of dopammode inergic activity. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

06/07/18 / #20180154627

Methods and apparatus for hygromorphic shape control

A composite film includes a substrate that is not responsive to relative humidity, and also one or more layers of hygromorphic material. The hygromorphic material expands in response to an increase in relative humidity and contracts in response to a decrease in relative humidity. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

06/07/18 / #20180154170

Methods and compositions for treating mental disorders and conditions

The invention, in some aspects, relates to methods to alter activity in cells and the use of such method to treat disorders and conditions. The methods involve, in part, expressing stimulus-activated opsin polypeptides in neurons involved in memory and behavior and activating the opsin polypeptides to modulate activity of cells in which they are expressed and/or cells to which the cells that express the opsin polypeptides project.. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

05/31/18 / #20180149639

Modeling neural network dysfunction

The present invention relates to in vitro models of autism and methods of using the same to diagnose disorders associated with network dysfunction, e.g., autism schizophrenia, depression, obsessive-compulsive spectrum disorders, bipolar disorder, or epilepsy, and to identify compounds for use in treating these conditions.. . ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

05/31/18 / #20180148729

Engineered bacteria for production and release of therapeutics

Some embodiments described herein relate to cells which have been genetically engineered to release a polypeptide when a population of the cells reaches a desired density. In some embodiments, the released polypeptide may be a therapeutic polypeptide. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

05/31/18 / #20180148364

Methods and apparatus for additive manufacturing of glass

In illustrative implementations of this invention, a crucible kiln heats glass such that the glass becomes or remains molten. A nozzle extrudes the molten glass while one or more actuators actuate movements of the nozzle, a build platform or both. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

05/31/18 / #20180148065

Clutchless shifting of a manual transmission

An apparatus including a drive shaft, a transmission, and a motor shaft. The drive shaft includes a drive gear and is configured to transmit power to a wheel of a vehicle. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

05/31/18 / #20180147826

Methods and apparatus for additive manufacturing with molten glass

A nozzle deposits a filament of viscous, molten glass onto a print bed, while the print bed rotates about a vertical axis and translates in x, y, and z directions. The deposition is computer controlled, such that the resulting deposited filament forms a desired glass object that is solid after it anneals. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

05/31/18 / #20180147798

Methods for fabricating low cost 3-d printed parts with expanded material properties

A 3-d (three dimensional) printing system is provided that includes a customized matrix having suitable material properties and geometric patterning to facilitate filling and retention of one or more filler material. The customized matrix defines the geometry and shape of the object. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

05/24/18 / #20180145110

Distributed nanowire sensor for single photon imaging

An integrated, superconducting imaging sensor may be formed from a single, meandering nanowire. The sensor is capable of single-photon (or single-event) detection and imaging with ˜10 micron spatial resolution and sub-100-picosecond temporal resolution. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

05/24/18 / #20180143295

System and technique for mitigation of clutter in radar

Described are a system and technique to mitigate the impacts of clutter in a radar system. The system and technique require only linear co-polarized measurements can be incorporated into the standard radar signal processing chain without slowing down radar performance.. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

05/24/18 / #20180143125

Device and method for analysing and controlling cell motility

The invention is related to a device and method for analysing and controlling cell motility. In accordance with an aspect of the present invention, there if provided a microfluidic device for analyzing and controlling the motility of a cell, the device comprising: (a) a first inlet for introducing a cell sample; (b) an outlet for discharging the cell sample; (c) a microfluidic channel in fluid communication with and intermediate the first inlet and outlet; (d) a first pump coupled to the first inlet for pumping the cell sample in the microfluidic channel; and (d) an observation area within a portion of the microfluidic channel for analysing and controlling the motility of the cell, wherein the first pump generates a shear stress in the observation area, the shear stress generates a shearotactical signal for driving movement of the cell.. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

05/24/18 / #20180141832

Ion concentration polarization-electrocoagulation hybrid water treatment system

Between two juxtaposed similar ion exchange membranes (aems or cems), an ion depletion zone and ion enrichment zone are generated under an electric field. As cations are selectively transferred through the cems, for example, anions are relocated in order to achieve electro-neutrality, resulting in the concentration drop (increase) in ion depletion (enrichment) zone. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

05/24/18 / #20180141274

Multimaterial 3d-printing with functional fiber

In a method for printing a three dimensional structure, a continuous length of fiber that includes, interior to a surface of the fiber, a plurality of different materials arranged as an in-fiber functional domain, with at least two electrical conductors disposed in the functional domain in electrical contact with at least one functional domain material, is dispensed through a single heated nozzle. After sections of the length of fiber are dispensed from the heated nozzle, the sections are fused together in an arrangement of a three dimensional structure. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

05/24/18 / #20180140625

Production of stable non-polyadenylated rnas

The invention relates in aspects to hybrid rnas lacking a poly-a tail and nucleic acid vectors for expressing the rna. The hybrid rnas in some instances have a stabilizing triple helical structure. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

05/24/18 / #20180140233

High fidelity systems, apparatus, and methods for collecting noise exposure data

Systems, apparatus, and methods for collecting, interpreting, and utilizing noise exposure data may include sensors to obtain an analog signal representative of impulse noise sound pressure and an analog signal representative of continuous noise sound pressure. At least one adc may generate digital signals by sampling the analog signals at rates equal to or greater than twice the reciprocal of a minimum impulse noise rise time. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

05/24/18 / #20180140172

Apparatus, systems, and methods for biomedical imaging and stimulation

A multi-channel optical imaging and stimulation system includes a light source to deliver light beams into a light guide. Different light beams are coupled into different spatial modes supported by the light guide. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

05/17/18 / #20180138751

Wireless non-radiative energy transfer

Described herein are embodiments of a source high-q resonator, optionally coupled to an energy source, a second high-q resonator, optionally coupled to an energy drain that may be located a distance from the source resonator. A third high-q resonator, optionally coupled to an energy drain that may be located a distance from the source resonator. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

05/17/18 / #20180136210

Liquid biopsy detection of leukemia using closed-loop microfluidics

This invention describes a one-step technique for the simultaneous label-free detection and concentration of blast cells from a blood sample. Enrichment of blast cells is achieved using a closed loop microfluidics system, allowing continuous removal of waste and non-target cells to generate concentrated samples of high purity without the need for specific targeting of proteins by antibodies. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

05/17/18 / #20180135970

Systems, apparatus, and methods for spectral imaging

A spectral imaging system includes an autocorrelator to generate different autocorrelations when the moving reflector in the autocorrelator is at different positions so as to reconstruct spectral images. The system also includes a position measurement system to measure the actual positions of the moving reflector when autocorrelations are taken. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

05/17/18 / #20180134945

Nanoparticle-based shear-thickening materials

Compositions including an aqueous colloidal dispersion of a nanomaterial and methods for preparing and using the same are described. The nanomaterial includes, disposed on a surface of the nanomaterial, a first coupling agent including silane and a functional group including an amino acid, and a second coupling agent including silane and a polymer with a molecular weight between 1,000 and 20,000.. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

05/17/18 / #20180133693

Biotemplated perovskite nanomaterials

A biotemplated nanomaterial can include a crystalline perovskite.. . ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

05/17/18 / #20180133343

Nanoparticle conjugates and uses thereof

The targeted delivery of therapeutic agents to specific cells remains a challenge in drug delivery. Provided herein are nanoparticle-targeting agent conjugates that can be used for the targeted delivery of therapeutic agents to certain cells and target tissues. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

05/10/18 / #20180131851

Methods and apparatus for optical fiber imaging

An open-ended, incoherent bundle of optical fibers transmits light from a nearby scene. A camera captures images of the back end of the fiber bundle. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

05/10/18 / #20180131720

Dynamic flow system

System and methods for communicating across a network comprise: a database containing high level security rules for the network; computing devices communicating on the network; a security rule translation module; event sensors configured to monitor and detect one or more events occurring on or relating to the network, and in response thereto, provide to the security rule translation module an indication of occurrence for each of the one or more security events. The security rule translation module may associate the security rules with the security events corresponding to the received indication, and produce a low-level security rule based on data from the high-level security rule and the received indication of occurrence of the security events. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

05/10/18 / #20180131311

Highly-efficient near-field thermophotovoltaics using surface-polariton emitters and thin-film photovoltaic-cell absorbers

A near-field thermophotovoltaic system comprises a hot emitter and a cold absorbing photovoltaic cell separated by a small gap. The emitter emits hot photons and includes a polaritonic material that supports a surface-polaritonic mode. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

05/10/18 / #20180128850

Integrated resonant accelerometer using optical strain sensor

An accelerometer may comprise a proof mass, a first tether mechanically coupled to the side of the proof mass and to an anchor, and a ring resonator integrated with the tether to form a sensing tether. The ring resonator and the tether may be configured such that a strain sustained by the sensing tether causes a change of a resonance condition of the ring resonator. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

05/10/18 / #20180128723

Particle isolation/enrichment using continuous closed-loop micro-fluidics

The present invention encompasses a micro-fluidic system having a closed-loop configuration in which inertial micro-fluidic separation of particles and/or cells is continuously repeated by feeding part of the output back to the input so that the purity and/or concentration of the particles and/or cell is maximized. The invention also includes methods of using the micro-fluidic system.. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

05/10/18 / #20180127759

Dynamic genome engineering

Provided herein, in some embodiments, are genomic editing constructs that can achieve nearly 100% recombination efficiency within a select population of bacterial cells.. . ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

05/10/18 / #20180127745

Cell sorting

The invention provides for use of crispr-cas systems to sort barcoded cells or molecules. Cells or nucleic acid molecules may be sorted from a heterogenous population by targeting a barcode of interest specific for a cell or cell progeny or nucleic acid molecule of interest.. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

05/10/18 / #20180127447

Metathesis catalysts and methods thereof

The present application provides, among other things, compounds and methods for metathesis reactions. In some embodiments, the present disclosure provides methods for preparing alkenyl halide with regioselectivity and/or stereoselectivity. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

05/10/18 / #20180126677

Extremely compliant yet tough hydrogel systems as ultrasound transmission agents

A method for making a tough and compliant hydrogel. A precursor hydrogel is made of a first polymer selected to maintain high elasticity and a second polymer selected to dissipate mechanical energy. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

05/10/18 / #20180126367

Light-assisted photocatalyst regeneration and oxygen-resilient radical polymerization

A photocatalyst can be regenerated with increasing efficiency, turnover number and turnover frequency in the presence of air by irradiating the photocatalyst with a first range of wavelengths of light that excite the photocatalyst to an intermediate and irradiating the intermediate with a second range of wavelengths of light that turns the intermediate to the photocatalyst.. . ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

05/10/18 / #20180126080

Bi-directional motion of a lorentz-force actuated needle-free injector (nfi)

The present invention relate to a method and corresponding apparatus for just in time mixing of a solid or powdered formulation and its subsequent delivery to a biological body. In some embodiments, a powdered formulation is maintained in a first chamber of a plurality of chambers. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

05/10/18 / #20180125391

Systems, apparatus, and methods related to modeling, monitoring, and/or managing metabolism

Systems, apparatus, and methods related to modeling, monitoring, and/or managing metabolism of a subject include measuring a respiratory quotient (rq) level in a subject and/or optimizing and executing a nonlinear feedback model to model energy substrate utilization in the subject based on at least one of a macronutrient composition and caloric value of food consumed by the subject, an intensity and duration of activity by the subject, a rate and maximum capacity of glycogen storage in the subject, a rate and maximum capacity of de novo lipogenesis in the subject, a quality and duration of sleep by the subject, and/or an rq level in the subject.. . ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

05/03/18 / #20180123724

Scheduled light path switching in optical networks and automatic assessment of traffic impairments that would result from adding or deleting a channel in a wavelength-division multiplexed optical communication network

. . A single-wavelength light path is selected between a source access node and a destination access node of a wavelength-division multiplexed optical network, including selecting an illuminated wavelength of the light path and selecting a start time and duration for a data transfer that would not interfere with other data transfers. If no start time/wavelength combination is available with duration sufficient to transport the data, an additional wavelength is automatically selected, based on modeling, that would not impair traffic being carried by other wavelengths in the network, and without a time-consuming manual process of the prior art. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

05/03/18 / #20180123238

Multipolarized vector sensor array antenna system for search and rescue applications

The present disclosure is directed towards direction finding (df) systems that can detect and locals a radio frequency (rf) signal (e.g. An emergency beacon) is two dimensions (i.e., azimuth and elevation). ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

05/03/18 / #20180119219

Augmenting in situ nucleic acid sequencing of expanded biological samples with in vitro sequence information

The invention provides in situ nucleic acid sequencing to be conducted in biological specimens that have been physically expanded. The invention leverages the techniques for expansion microscopy (exm) to provide new methods for in situ sequencing of nucleic acids in a process referred to herein as “expansion sequencing” (exseq).. ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

05/03/18 / #20180119141

Crispr/cas global regulator screening platform

Provided herein are methods for identifying genetic networks and methods of treating neurodegenerative disorders associated with α-synuclein dysfunction.. . ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

05/03/18 / #20180119089

Microbial system for biosynthesis of natural and engineered products coupled to in situ extraction in supercritical co2

Provided herein are methods of producing a bioproduct by culturing a cell in a multiphase reactor that comprises supercritical co2, near critical co2, or liquid co2.. . ... Massachusetts Institute Of Technology








ARCHIVE: New 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009



###

This listing is an abstract for educational and research purposes is only meant as a recent sample of applications filed, not a comprehensive history. Freshpatents.com is not affiliated or associated with Massachusetts Institute Of Technology in any way and there may be associated servicemarks. This data is also published to the public by the USPTO and available for free on their website. Note that there may be alternative spellings for Massachusetts Institute Of Technology with additional patents listed. Browse our Agent directory for other possible listings. Page by FreshPatents.com

###