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Nokia Inc patents


Recent patent applications related to Nokia Inc. Nokia Inc is listed as an Agent/Assignee. Note: Nokia Inc may have other listings under different names/spellings. We're not affiliated with Nokia Inc, we're just tracking patents.

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User-plane enhancements supporting in-bearer sub-flow qos differentiation

Embodiments concern managing traffic in a radio device. While classifying user-plane packets from multiple applications according to quality of service requirements, a specific user-plane packet is classified as/determined to be a predetermined special-type packet (e.g., the special-type packets establish a new tcp/ip connection for a newly activated application). ... Nokia Inc

Distributed audio microphone array and locator configuration

Apparatus including: a plurality of microphones arranged in a geometry around a first axis such that the apparatus is configured to capture sound from predetermined directions around the formed geometry; a locator configured to receive at least one remote location signal such that the apparatus may locate an audio source associated with a tag generating the remote location signal, the locator including an array of antenna elements, the antenna elements being arranged around the first axis; and a mount configured to mechanically couple the plurality of microphones and the locator.. . ... Nokia Inc

Reference picture handling

A reference picture marking process and a reference picture list management process is handled in a unified reference picture marking and reference picture list management process. A new idle reference picture list may be used for handling reference pictures that are not used for reference in the current picture. ... Nokia Inc

Transition from display of first camera information to display of second camera information

A method including receiving first camera information that is indicative of visual information from a first camera location, causing display of the first camera information, receiving second camera information that is indicative of visual information from a second camera location, identifying an object that is represented in the first camera information and represented in the second camera information, receiving an object selection input that designates a representation of the object from the first camera information, receiving an object movement input that is indicative of movement in relation to the object, determining that a direction of the object movement input is opposite to a direction from the first camera location to the second camera location, and causing transition from display of the first camera information to display of the second camera information is disclosed.. . ... Nokia Inc

Audio and visual system including a mask functioning for a camera module and an audio transducer module

An audio and visual system and a wearable device that incorporates an audio and visual system are provided. The audio and visual system may include a camera sensor and a mask overlying the camera sensor and spaced therefrom so as to at least in part define a first cavity between the camera sensor and the mask. ... Nokia Inc

Two-user authentication

According to an example aspect of the present invention, there is provided an apparatus comprising at least one processing core, at least one memory including computer program code, the at least one memory and the computer program code being configured to, with the at least one processing core, cause the apparatus at least to receive from a first device a digital key, receive from a second device an encrypted data item, decrypt the encrypted data item using the digital key to obtain a decrypted data item, and verify the decrypted data item matches a reference data item, and responsive to the decrypted data item matching the reference data item, grant access to at least one of the first device and the second device.. . ... Nokia Inc

User device signal processing based on triggered reference signals for wireless networks

A technique is provided for receiving, by a user device from a base station, a control signal indicating that base station-triggered reference signals will be transmitted to the user device, and receiving, by the user device, the base station-triggered reference signals on a set of time-frequency resources in at least one physical downlink control channel (pdcch) search space.. . ... Nokia Inc

Monitoring

A method comprising: recognizing a first two-handed gesture and a second two-handed gesture in a monitored scene space to at least partially define a shape and position of a computer-implemented virtual boundary in a corresponding monitoring space, wherein the first two-handed gesture in the monitored scene space specifies a first two points in the monitoring space and the second two-handed gesture in the monitored scene space specifies a second two points in the monitoring space; causing implementation of the computer-implemented virtual boundary in the monitoring space corresponding to the monitored scene space, wherein a shape and position of the computer-implemented virtual boundary is at least partially defined by the first two points in the monitoring space and the second two points in the monitoring space; and processing received data to generate a response event when there is a change in a portion of the monitored scene space relative to the computer-implemented virtual boundary in the corresponding monitoring space.. . ... Nokia Inc

Discovery, announcement and assignment of position tracks

Embodiments herein relate to methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for discovery, announcement and assignment of position tracks. An example method includes: determining discovery information for discovery of position tracking channels for at least a first positioning system; transmitting the discovery information to the first positioning system; receiving a message from the first positioning system comprising information identifying a set of position tracking channels based on the discovery information, wherein each position tracking channel in the set is associated with a respective object tracked by the first positioning system; and associating at least a first position tracking channel of the set to at least one of: an audio stream, and a second position tracking channel from a second positioning system.. ... Nokia Inc

Method, apparatus and system

There is provided a method comprising configuring at least one physical resource block of a first transmission time interval, comprising determining allocation of resource elements of the at least one physical resource block to at least one resource element group per physical resource block or per virtual resource block.. . ... Nokia Inc

Backhaul aware cell range optimization of small cells in heterogenous networks

In a telecommunications network in which a wireless backhaul between a base station and a small cell is present, handover and cell selection parameters may take the strength of the wireless backhaul into account in order to optimize spectral efficiency, and to steer cells towards a small cell or a macro cell.. . ... Nokia Inc

Video region indicator that indicates that video content is available

A method comprising determining an interaction navigational location, causing display of a perspective image that depicts a view of a portion of map information from the interaction navigational location, causing display of a video region indicator that indicates that video content is available at a video navigational location, the video content depicting a view of a portion of the map information from the video navigational location, determining that the interaction navigational location has changed such the interaction navigational location corresponds with the video navigational location, and causing rendering of the video content based, at least in part, on the interaction navigational location corresponding with the video navigational location is disclosed.. . ... Nokia Inc

Spatial audio apparatus

An apparatus comprising: an input configured to receive at least one audio signal from a further apparatus; an input configured to receive at least one audio signal associated with the apparatus; an orientation/location determiner configured to determine a relative orientation/location difference between the apparatus and the further apparatus; an audio processor configured to process the at least one audio signal from the further apparatus based on the relative orientation/location difference between the apparatus and the further apparatus; and a combiner configured to combine the at least one audio signal from the further apparatus having been processed and the at least one audio signal associated with the apparatus.. . ... Nokia Inc

Controlling of communication network comprising virtualized network functions

An apparatus and a method are configured to host subscription data of communication elements of a communication network attached to virtualized network functions on the basis of a stored indication, and storing an indication for the virtualized network functions indicating whether the virtualized network functions are de-instantiated. A message directed to a virtualized network function is received and processed, and the method then checks whether the virtualized network function is indicated to be still instantiated or not. ... Nokia Inc

07/05/18 / #20180191568

Controlling of communication network comprising virtualized network functions

A method and apparatus are configured to receive and process an attach request from a communication element of a communication network. A response to the attached request is prepared, and transmission of the response is caused. ... Nokia Inc

07/05/18 / #20180191567

Controlling of communication network comprising virtualized network functions

An apparatus and method which obtain an indication related to a de-instantiation of at least one virtualized network function providing services to a communication network. The obtained indication is used for determining or recognizing the virtualized network function being de-instantiated and for avoiding conducting a communication attempt to the virtualized network function to be de-instantiated.. ... Nokia Inc

07/05/18 / #20180191549

Apparatus and method for reusing existing constellation for superposed transmission

One embodiment is directed to a method comprising deciding to multiplex the data of at least two users within a super-constellation; determining the power split ratio among the at least two users; selecting a super-constellation; and based on the determined power split ratio, choosing a subset of the super-constellation points forming the superposition of modulation constellations of the at least two users.. . ... Nokia Inc

07/05/18 / #20180191516

Proximity services priority control for multicast traffic in proximity services user equipment - network relay scenario

Various communication systems may benefit from proper priority control. For example, communication devices in a proximity services user equipment to network relay scenario may benefit from proximity services priority control for multicast traffic. ... Nokia Inc

07/05/18 / #20180191482

Adjacent frequency bands

To take into account a possible interference between adjacent frequencies and yet minimizing overhead, a first transmission mode used in a first frequency band and a second transmission mode used in a second frequency band that is adjacent to the first frequency band are determined, the transmission modes are compared, and based on an outcome of the comparing a size of a guard band to be used between the first frequency band and the second frequency band is determined.. . ... Nokia Inc

07/05/18 / #20180190854

Device for emitting and detecting photons and method of producing the same

A single device for emitting and detecting photons. The device comprises a semiconductive layer (3), active material (5), further dielectric layer (17) and overlying electrode (25). ... Nokia Inc

07/05/18 / #20180190300

Adapting a distributed audio recording for end user free viewpoint monitoring

An audio scene is captured in multiple audio channels by distributed microphones. Based on at least one of a viewpoint of a user and at least one preference of a user, two or more of those multiple audio channels are selected from among those multiple audio channels; those selected two or more audio channels are prioritized based on at least one of preferences of the user, requirements of a software application of a device operated by the user, and requirements of operating conditions of the device. ... Nokia Inc

07/05/18 / #20180190166

Control of selective actuation of a light filter array

A method including, in a standard display mode, causing display of a graphical element at a position on a see through display that includes a light projection display that overlays a light filtration array such that the light projection display projects the graphical element at the position on the see through display and the light filtration array filters ambient light at the position on the see through display, transitioning from the standard display mode to a low power display mode, causing termination of display of the graphical element on the see through display based on the low power display mode, determining that an event has occurred, generating a notification that signifies the event, and causing actuation of the light filtration array such that a plurality of light filtration cells of the light filtration array are selectively actuated in a pattern that depicts the notification is disclosed.. . ... Nokia Inc

07/05/18 / #20180190005

Audio processing

A method comprising: causing detection of a modification of a visual appearance of a portion of the visual scene; causing determination that the portion of the visual scene that has been modified is or includes a first portion of the visual scene that has a corresponding first sound object; causing modification of the first sound object to modify a spatial extent of the first sound object; and causing rendering of the visual scene and the corresponding sound scene including rendering of the modified portion of the visual scene in the visual scene and rendering of the modified first sound object with modified spatial extent in the corresponding sound scene.. . ... Nokia Inc

07/05/18 / #20180189928

Method and apparatus for determining and varying the panning speed of an image based on saliency

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided for varying panning speeds of images based on saliency such that 360-degree images, panoramic images, video images and/or other wide view area images may be efficiently displayed by varying the panning speed such that the user focuses on salient portions of the image. A panning speed is determined based on the currently displayed area and its saliency relative to the saliency of non-displayed or peripheral portions. ... Nokia Inc

07/05/18 / #20180189510

Method, apparatus and computer program product for controlling access to at least one or multiple images captured concurrently

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided to facilitate the concurrent capture of first and second images by a mobile terminal and the subsequent viewing or sharing of the images. In the context of a method, an indication is received that first and second images have been captured concurrently by the mobile terminal. ... Nokia Inc

07/05/18 / #20180188801

Content browsing

A method, apparatus and computer program is provided. The method comprises: causing display of a panoramic menu in which a first panoramic menu item and a second panoramic menu item are simultaneously displayed, wherein the first panoramic menu item extends beyond a user's field of view and is associated with first mediated reality content, and the second panoramic menu item extends beyond a user's field of view and is associated with second mediated reality content, different from the first mediated reality content.. ... Nokia Inc

07/05/18 / #20180188776

Apparatus and associated methods

An apparatus including: at least one processor, and at least one memory including computer program code, the at least one memory and the computer program code configured to, with the at least one processor, cause the apparatus to perform at least the following: in response to user input, disassociate the linking of the orientation of content with respect to the orientation of the display of a portable electronic device to retain the particular orientation of the content with respect to the orientation of the display during the user input.. . ... Nokia Inc

07/05/18 / #20180188540

Polychromatic light out-coupling apparatus, near-eye displays comprising the same, and method of out-coupling polychromatic light

The present invention provides an apparatus including a first out-coupling diffractive optical element and a second out-coupling diffractive optical element. Each of the first and second out-coupling diffractive optical elements includes a first region having a first repeated diffraction spacing, d1, and a second region adjacent to the first region having a second repeated diffraction spacing, d2, different from the first spacing, d1. ... Nokia Inc

06/28/18 / #20180184481

Selective proprietary protocol support indication removal

Various communication systems may benefit from appropriate indication of support for communication protocols. In particular, certain wireless systems that use handover may use selective proprietary protocol support indication removal. ... Nokia Inc

06/28/18 / #20180184480

Method and apparatus for implementing a service flow across different systems

A method and apparatus may include providing, by a network node, an indication to a user equipment. The indication indicates that the network node supports interworking between a first radio-access technology and a second radio-access technology. ... Nokia Inc

06/28/18 / #20180184305

Fast and flexible deployment of user equipment-based relay

Fast and flexible deployment of user equipment-based relays are disclosed. Numerous communication systems may benefit from appropriate use of relays. ... Nokia Inc

06/28/18 / #20180184254

User motion profiling

Respective location data of a plurality of users are distributed into respective buckets for each of the users. Each of the location data indicates a location of the respective user, and each of the buckets includes a respective time interval. ... Nokia Inc

06/28/18 / #20180184180

Media feed synchronisation

A method and apparatus are disclosed for recording, at a recording device, a media feed relating to a scene; receiving a series of wireless synchronisation messages at the recording device; recording a time stamp value with respect to each of the received messages indicating a time of receipt, and storing the time stamp values and the media feed. A method and apparatus are also disclosed for receiving, from each of a first and second recording device, a media feed recorded by the respective recording device and a series of time stamp values, wherein each time stamp value indicates a time of receipt of one of a series of wireless synchronisation messages at the respective recording device, and aligning the set of time stamp values received from a first recording device with the set of time stamp values received from a second recording device to synchronise the media feed received from the first recording device with the media feed received from the second recording device.. ... Nokia Inc

06/28/18 / #20180182146

Geographical location visual information overlay

A method including causing display of a first visual information that is a view from a first geographical location, receiving, by the apparatus, an indication of availability of a second visual information that is a view from a second geographical location, the second geographical location being in a first direction from the first geographical location, determining a position in the first visual information that corresponds with the first direction, and causing display of at least a portion of the second visual information such that the portion of the second visual information overlays the first visual information at the position in the first visual information is disclosed.. . ... Nokia Inc

06/28/18 / #20180182143

Method and apparatus for multi-band blending of a seam in an image derived from multiple cameras

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided to combine images captured by multiple cameras into a panoramic image, such as a 360° panorama, in a manner that reduces image defects and other artifacts at or near a seam between images. In some implementations of example embodiments, the overlapping portions of two images are decomposed into a predetermined number of bands. ... Nokia Inc

06/28/18 / #20180180728

Phasor approach to signal to noise ratio measurement evaluation of physiological signals

Various sensing systems may benefit from appropriate handling of signal to noise ratios. For example, detecting and measuring physiological signals may benefit from a phasor approach to signal to noise ratio measurement evaluation. ... Nokia Inc

06/28/18 / #20180177393

Wearable device for eye movement detection

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided for detecting eye movement with a wearable device attachable to an eyelid. The wearable device may include an arrangement of sensors, including any combination of piezoelectric sensors, accelerometers, and/or any other type of sensor. ... Nokia Inc

06/21/18 / #20180176968

Apparatus, methods and computer programs for establishing wireless connections

An apparatus, method and computer program wherein the apparatus comprises: processing circuitry; and memory circuitry including computer program code; the memory circuitry and the computer program code configured to, with the processing circuitry, cause the apparatus at least to perform; causing a service to be provided using a first user device and an accessory device wherein the accessory device is connected to the first user device via a wireless connection and wherein a plurality of user devices are registered to a user account; obtaining status information from the first user device; and determining a trigger event has occurred and in response to determining that a trigger event has occurred, enabling a second user device to establish a wireless connection to the accessory device wherein the second user device is registered to the user account.. . ... Nokia Inc

06/21/18 / #20180176964

Radio network temporary identifier generation

Various communication systems may benefit from improved network access. For example, communication systems may benefit from deriving a radio network temporary identification at both a user equipment and a base station, without requiring additional uplink signaling. ... Nokia Inc

06/21/18 / #20180176957

Physical random access channel and random access response detection for user equipment

Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products of prach selection and random access response (rar) detection are provided. One method includes specifying, by a network node, a starting point for preamble repetition having a repetition level such that all user equipment (ues) of the same repetition level start the preamble repetition on a same physical random access channel (prach) resource, determining when a series of the preamble repetition is over, and transmitting a random access response (rar) when the repetition series is finished.. ... Nokia Inc

06/21/18 / #20180176898

Bandwidth reduction with beamforming and data compression

Described are techniques for limiting bandwidth requirements for user equipment ue data sent on a front haul link between a remote radio head rrh and a baseband unit bbu. For a given ue a subset of a plurality of beams is selected based on received energies of the plurality of beams, and for the given ue only data from the selected subset of beams transmitting on a front haul link. ... Nokia Inc

06/21/18 / #20180176875

Guard period in a frame

An aspect of the invention is related to an apparatus comprising at least one processor and at least one memory including a computer program code, the at least one memory and the computer program code configured to, with the at least one processor, cause the apparatus at least to: determine a cell for guard period adaptation; define, for the guard period adaptation, at least two guard period portions of the cell with different guard period lengths within a frame the defining being based on at least one of the following: location of at least one network node in the cell and a propagation delay with respect to the at least one network node, and inform the at least one network node on at least one of the at least two guard period portions of the cell for transmission and/or reception.. . ... Nokia Inc

06/21/18 / #20180176850

Support for minimization of service interruption with device-to-device based user-equipment-to-network relay

Various communication systems may benefit from minimization of service interruption. For example, certain wireless communication systems may benefit from support for minimization of service interruption with device-to-device-based user-equipment-to-network relay. ... Nokia Inc

06/21/18 / #20180176591

Apparatus, a method and a computer program for video coding and decoding

A method comprising encoding a bitstream comprising a base layer, a first enhancement layer and a second enhancement layer; encoding an indication of both the base layer and the first enhancement layer used for prediction for the second enhancement layer in the bitstream; encoding, in the bitstream, an indication of a first set of prediction types that is applicable from the base layer to the second enhancement layer, wherein the first set of prediction types is a subset of all prediction types available for prediction between layers, and encoding, in the bitstream, an indication of a second set of prediction types that is applicable from the base layer or the first enhancement layer to the second enhancement layer, wherein the second set of prediction types is a subset of all prediction types available for prediction between layers.. . ... Nokia Inc

06/21/18 / #20180176545

Virtual reality display

A method is disclosed, comprising providing image data from each of at least two multi-camera devices at different locations in a capture space, each multi-camera device including at least two cameras for capturing respective different images in the capture space, and providing first positional data indicating the respective fields-of-view of each camera of each multi-camera device. In addition, the method may comprise receiving second positional data from a user device indicating the position and orientation of the user device in a virtual space corresponding to the capture space, and selecting, based on the first and second positional data, at least one camera from each of at least two of the multi-camera devices. ... Nokia Inc

06/21/18 / #20180176467

Apparatus and associated methods for virtual reality image capture

A virtual reality image capture device self-righting monopod configured to support and be attached to a virtual reality image capture device, the virtual reality image capture device configured to capture a 360° field of view in an image capture plane; the virtual reality image capture device self-righting monopod configured to self-maintain a predetermined upright orientation parallel to the gravity vector by automatically applying a balancing force to counterbalance an unbalancing force acting to move the virtual reality image capture device self-righting monopod away from the upright orientation, the virtual reality image capture device self-righting monopod dimensioned to lie within a ground-facing blind spot of an attached virtual reality image capture device.. . ... Nokia Inc

06/21/18 / #20180176432

Fill lighting apparatus

An apparatus comprising a length of strip light populated with a plurality of light fixtures, the apparatus configured to be removably attachable to an imaging device; wherein, when the apparatus is attached to the imaging device: the apparatus surrounds the imaging device but does not occlude one or more cameras of the imaging device that are located about the imaging device, such that the apparatus and light emitted by the strip light do not obscure or distort a respective field of view of the one or more cameras; and the plurality of light fixtures of the strip light are controllable to selectively emit light into the environment that surrounds the imaging device.. . ... Nokia Inc

06/21/18 / #20180176264

Apparatus and method for lawful interception

Apparatus and method for lawful interception in accordance with an example embodiment of the present invention, a method is provided for receiving from a gateway apparatus an intercept request regarding user equipment in the communication system; creating or modifying a processing rule regarding the user equipment by including interception in the rule; transmitting to a network switch processing user equipment connections a command to clone and encrypt each signalling or data packet of the user equipment connection and to transmit the encrypted signalling and data packets to a given network apparatus.. . ... Nokia Inc

06/21/18 / #20180175973

Transmission of uplink control information in unlicensed spectrum

Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for the transmission of uplink (ul) control information via unlicensed spectrum are provided. One method includes dynamically allocating, by a network node, control channel resources for transmitting of uplink control information (uci). ... Nokia Inc

06/21/18 / #20180175888

Efficient encoding/decoding for multiple-input multiple-output operating with two codewords

Various communication systems may benefit from efficient encoding and decoding. For example, certain multiple-input multiple-output devices may benefit from efficient encoding and decoding while operating with two codewords. ... Nokia Inc

06/21/18 / #20180175217

Device for sensing radiation

The disclosed device for photodetection includes a first layer of a semiconducting material, a second layer of a two dimensional material, wherein the first and second layers are configured to form an electrical junction, the electrical junction having a potential energy barrier, and a third layer of a material configured to generate one or more excitons upon absorption of incident electromagnetic radiation. Charge separation from the one or more excitons generated in the third layer affects the fermi energy of the second layer, leading to a change of the potential energy barrier height of the electrical junction. ... Nokia Inc

06/21/18 / #20180174690

Systems, methods and apparatuses for estimating the stress valence of an individual from sensor data

Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for inferring the stress valence of an individual from sensor data are provided. One method includes collecting a first set of data from sensor(s) of user device(s), collecting a second set of data including a partial or complete ecological momentary assessment (ema) response from a user, establishing a set of physiological time-series data for the user based on the first set of data and the second set of data, identifying habit information of the user based on the first set of data. ... Nokia Inc

06/21/18 / #20180173400

Media content selection

An apparatus is configured to cause a display to present a graphical user interface having two or more regions that correspond to respective media content characteristics and to receive indication from an input arrangement of received input manipulating an attribute of at least one region of the two or more of the regions and determining a dominance of at least one of said respective characteristics based, at least in part, on said attribute. The apparatus is configured to output information identifying media content in which said at least one characteristic has a dominance within a respective range of dominance values, said range being based, at least in part, on the determined dominance. ... Nokia Inc

06/21/18 / #20180173265

Pull-down circuitry for an apparatus

Apparatus embodiments of the invention are disclosed for requesting power via a wired interface. In example embodiments, a pull-down circuit in the apparatus acting as a power consumer when there is no energy in the apparatus, is connected via a configuration line over a cable to a power provider device. ... Nokia Inc

06/21/18 / #20180172812

Determining distances

This document discloses a solution for determining distances. In the solution, a first frame is transmitted (200) to a second apparatus; a second frame is received (202) from the second apparatus, as response to the first frame; an indication of the duration between the reception time of the first frame and transmission of the second frame is received (204); an indication whether the duration is constant or variable is received (206); and in case the duration is constant, the distance between the first apparatus and the second apparatus is determined (208) based at least partly on the indication of the duration.. ... Nokia Inc

06/21/18 / #20180172652

An apparatus for detecting carbon monoxide

An apparatus including an oxidation cell configured to oxidize carbon monoxide to produce carbon dioxide; and a sensor configured to detect carbon dioxide produced by the oxidation cell.. . ... Nokia Inc

06/21/18 / #20180172628

An apparatus comprising a nanomembrane, and associated methods

An apparatus comprising a channel member(401), first and second electrodes (403, 404) configured to enable a flow of electrical current from the first electrode through the channel member to the second electrode, and a supporting substrate (402) configured to support the channel member and the first and second electrodes, wherein the channel member is separated from the supporting substrate by a nanomembrane (411) configured to facilitate the flow of electrical current through the channel member by inhibiting interactions between the channel member and supporting substrate. Possibly, a conductive shield layer (412) is present between the substrate and the nanomembrane, which may be a nanomembrane as well. ... Nokia Inc

06/21/18 / #20180170115

Pneumatic tire, a tread band, and a tread block comprising a sipe, and a lamella plate for the manufacture thereof

A pneumatic tire is provided with sipes, at least some of which have an open top end to the surface of the tread block. An intersection of the sipe with a surface that is geometrically congruent and parallel with the surface of the tread block and arranged a depth apart from the surface of the tread block into the tread block forms a curved line. ... Nokia Inc

06/21/18 / #20180168495

An apparatus comprising a light detector, a light source and optics

An apparatus comprising: a light detector; a light source, laterally offset from the light detector by a first lateral offset; optics configured to receive light emitted by the light source and output the received light, wherein a majority of the light output is directed towards an offset region laterally offset from the light detector by at least a second lateral offset different from the first lateral offset.. . ... Nokia Inc

06/14/18 / #20180167755

Distributed audio mixing

Systems and methods for distributed audio mixing are disclosed, comprising providing one or more predefined constellations, each constellation defining a spatial arrangement of points forming a shape or pattern and receiving positional data indicative of the spatial positions of a plurality of audio sources in a capture space. A correspondence may be identified between a subset of the audio sources and a constellation based on the relative spatial positions of audio sources in the subset. ... Nokia Inc

06/14/18 / #20180167634

Method and an apparatus and a computer program product for video encoding and decoding

The invention relates to a method comprising receiving stereoscopic visual data comprising at least one left view image and at least one right view image. An area of interest is determined at the stereoscopic visual data. ... Nokia Inc

06/14/18 / #20180167613

Method and an apparatus and a computer program product for video encoding and decoding

The invention relates to a method and technical equipment, wherein the method comprises obtaining a picture sequence; selecting a first spatial region and a second spatial region within a picture area of pictures of the picture sequence, the second spatial region differing from the first spatial region; obtaining a first spatial region sequence, the first spatial region sequence comprising the first spatial region of the pictures of the picture sequence; obtaining a second spatial region sequence, the second spatial region sequence comprising the second spatial region of the pictures of the picture sequence; transmitting the first spatial region sequence at a first picture rate; and transmitting the second spatial region sequence at a second picture rate, the first picture rate being different from the second picture rate.. . ... Nokia Inc

06/14/18 / #20180167457

Optimizing traffic

A mechanism for a first apparatus in a communication network is described. The communication network comprises the first apparatus, a second apparatus and a plurality of servers. ... Nokia Inc

06/14/18 / #20180167418

Apparatus and method for lawful interception

Apparatus and method for lawful interception in accordance with an example embodiment of the present invention, a method is provided for receiving from a gateway apparatus an intercept request regarding user equipment in the communication system; creating or modifying a processing rule regarding the user equipment by including interception in the rule; transmitting to a network switch processing user equipment connections a command to clone and encrypt each signalling or data packet of the user equipment connection and to transmit the encrypted signalling and data packets to a given network apparatus.. . ... Nokia Inc

06/14/18 / #20180167209

Fibre-optic communication based on encoded frequency-shifted light

According to an example aspect, there is provided an apparatus comprising a fibre interface coupled, via a first waveguide, with at least one encoder, a controller configured to cause the at least one encoder to encode light received in the apparatus via the fibre interface with information, and to cause a frequency shift in the light, and wherein the apparatus is configured to cause the light to propagate back to the fibre interface.. . ... Nokia Inc

06/14/18 / #20180167121

Control signaling

An aspect of the invention is in relation to an apparatus comprising: at least one processor and at least one memory including a computer program code, the at least one memory and the computer program code configured to, with the at least one processor, cause the apparatus at least to: allocate, by a network node, at least one sector portion beam radiation pattern for downlink common control signaling; configure the downlink common control signaling in a sector portion beam radiation pattern specific manner; define a sector portion beam radiation pattern based association between the downlink common control signaling configuration and an uplink signaling configuration, and convey information on the association for uplink signaling.. . ... Nokia Inc

06/14/18 / #20180165514

Human-computer-interaction through scene space monitoring

A method including causing computer implementation of the at least one virtual boundary in a monitoring space corresponding to a monitored scene space; processing sensor data to generate a response event when there is, relative to the at least one virtual boundary, a change in a portion of the monitored scene space; recognizing a first hand gesture relating to a first hand of a user in the monitored scene space and in response to recognizing the first hand gesture in the monitored scene space in relation to a portion of the virtual boundary enabling user location of the portion of the implemented computer-implemented virtual boundary and recognizing a second hand gesture relating to a second hand of the user in the monitored scene space and in response to recognizing the second hand gesture in the monitored scene space performing a command relating to a user located portion of the computer-implemented virtual boundary.. . ... Nokia Inc

06/14/18 / #20180164978

Causing display of a three dimensional graphical user interface

An apparatus comprises at least one processor and at least one memory including computer program code, the at least one memory and the computer program code configured to, with the at least one processor, cause the apparatus to cause a view of a three-dimensional graphical user interface to be displayed on a touch-sensitive display, the three-dimensional graphical user interface comprising a three-dimensional arrangement of a plurality of graphical objects, each of the graphical objects, when displayed, having an associated display parameter, to identify at least one graphical object for which the associated display parameter satisfies a predetermined criterion, and to enable individual selectability in respect of the identified at least one graphical object, wherein each individually selectable graphical object is selectable with a touch input and wherein individually selecting a graphical object with a touch input causes an action to be performed in respect of the selected graphical object.. . ... Nokia Inc

06/14/18 / #20180164588

Rendering of a notification on a head mounted display

A method including determining occurrence of a virtual information region event, the virtual information region event indicating a change of information that is allocated to a virtual information region that is at least partially beyond a field of view of a head mounted display, the virtual information region having a virtual information region location that is in a direction from the field of view, causing rendering of a non-visual notification that is indicative of the direction from the field of view in response to the virtual information region event, receiving information indicative of a visual notification invocation input, determining a visual notification that is visually descriptive of at least one aspect of the virtual information region event in response to the visual notification invocation input, and causing display of the visual notification on the head mounted display is disclosed.. . ... Nokia Inc

06/14/18 / #20180164399

Causing performance of an active scan

This specification describes a method comprising determining an orientation of a first apparatus with respect to a second apparatus (s6.2) based on at least one radio frequency packet passed wirelessly between the first and second apparatuses, and causing performance of an active scan for the second apparatus or a third apparatus associated with the second apparatus (s6.5) only if it is determined that the orientation of the first apparatus with respect to the second apparatus satisfies at least one predetermined condition (s6.3).. . ... Nokia Inc

06/14/18 / #20180160920

Health and fitness monitor for determining a minimum heart rate

Methods and apparatus, including computer program products, are provided for analyzing heart rate data for a fitness or health device. In some example embodiments, there may be provided an apparatus that includes at least one processor and at least one memory including program code which when executed configures the apparatus to at least: receive, from at least one heart rate sensor, a heart rate data set collected from a subject over at least one session; filter the heart rate data set to remove at least one heart rate value failing to satisfy a predetermined duration threshold; determine a minimum heart rate value from the filtered heart rate data; and provide the determined minimum heart rate. ... Nokia Inc

06/07/18 / #20180160463

Wireless control of devices

In accordance with an example aspect of the present invention, there is provided an apparatus comprising at least one receiver configured to obtain discovery information concerning a plurality of peripheral devices, at least one processing core configured to define a set of peripheral devices from among the plurality of peripheral devices, and to cause transmission, to a server, of device information concerning each peripheral device comprised in the set.. . ... Nokia Inc

06/07/18 / #20180160394

Data packet preparation

Disclosed in this specification is a method comprising inserting an anti-whitened data portion into a data packet that is to be whitened by whitening to yield a whitened data packet for transmission (44) from a first radio communications apparatus (30) to a second radio communications apparatus (10), the anti-whitened data portion having been determined based on anti-whitening data received (43) from the second radio communications apparatus (10) at the first radio communications apparatus, wherein the anti-whitened data portion is obtainable from a specific data block by anti-whitening, the anti-whitening compensating for the whitening so that the whitened data packet comprises the specific data block in non-whitened form.. . ... Nokia Inc

06/07/18 / #20180160332

Methods, apparatuses, computer readable medium and computer program product for controlling the download of data from a wireless network to a user equipment

Various communication systems may benefit from an improved wireless communications. For example, communication systems may benefit from regulating or controlling the download of data from a wireless network to a user equipment. ... Nokia Inc

06/07/18 / #20180160225

Audio apparatus

An apparatus including an input configured to receive at least one first audio signal from a first apparatus; an input configured to receive at least one second audio signal from a second apparatus; a distance detector configured to determine a distance between the first and the second apparatus; and a level control generator configured to generate a level control for mixing the at least one first audio signal and the at least one second audio signal based on the distance between the first and the second apparatus.. . ... Nokia Inc

06/07/18 / #20180160156

A method, an apparatus, a computer program for video coding

There are disclosed various methods, apparatuses and computer program products for video encoding. In some embodiments a method comprises: obtaining a coded first image and a coded second image, wherein the coded second image depends on the coded first image; determining that, when displaying a decoded second image that is decoded from the coded second image, it is allowed to first display a decoded first image that is decoded from the coded first image; and in response to said determination: including the coded first image into a first image container file and including the coded second image into a second image container file; indicating, in a markup language code, that a first image container file and a second image container file are alternatives; and indicating, in the markup language code, that the second image container file depends on the first image container file.. ... Nokia Inc

06/07/18 / #20180159725

Reallocation of control of online managed services

It is provided a method, comprising instructing a control unit to control at least one of a controlled session and a controlled bearer based on a first control session; monitoring if, in response to a request to update the first control session, a reallocation failure message is received; checking, if the reallocation failure message is received, if a second control session different from the first control session is created; instructing the control unit to control the respective one of the controlled session and the controlled bearer based on the second control session if the second control session is created.. . ... Nokia Inc

06/07/18 / #20180159607

Rf beamforming control in a communication system

A method for wireless communications, comprising: determining at least one performance characteristic associated with a received narrow width beam millimetre wavelength signal; determining at least one performance characteristic associated with a received wide width beam centimetre wavelength signal; determining a signal related event based on the at least one performance characteristic associated with a received narrow width beam millimetre wavelength signal and the at least one performance characteristic associated with a received wide width beam centimetre wavelength signal; and controlling an antenna beam for transmitting and receiving the millimetre wavelength signal based on the signal related event.. . ... Nokia Inc

06/07/18 / #20180159491

Narrowing audio filter transition band

An apparatus including a first audio filter; a first transducer connected to the first audio filter; and a first sound attenuator located relative to the first transducer to attenuate sound from the first transducer. The first audio filter includes a first transition frequency band. ... Nokia Inc

06/07/18 / #20180159200

Self-locking fixing device and antenna assembly

A self-locking fixing device and an antenna assembly are provided. The self-locking fixing device includes an inner mandrel (10) arranged to include a nail head (110) and a nail rod (111) extending away from the nail head (110), and a bushing (114) arranged to include a nail head bushing (124) and a nail rod bushing (125) extending away from the nail head bushing (124). ... Nokia Inc

06/07/18 / #20180157406

Method and apparatus for providing a notification mechanism

A method for providing a notification mechanism may include causing provision of a notification bar at an edge of a touch screen display in response to an occurrence of an event where the notification bar provides information indicative of the event, enabling, responsive to user input, extension of the notification bar away from the edge of the touch screen display to display one or more levels of other notification classes in addition to the information indicative of the event, causing presentation of the notification bar to remain in an extended position away from the edge of the touch screen display so as to display one or more levels of notification classes upon cessation of the user input and causing, responsive to exposure of each level that has a subsequent level thereafter, an indication of existence of the subsequent level. A corresponding apparatus and computer program product are also provided.. ... Nokia Inc

06/07/18 / #20180157326

Tactile apparatus link

An apparatus comprising: an input module configured to determine an input characteristic; a signal generator configured to generate a signal dependent on the input characteristic; and an output module configured to provide the signal to one or more separate apparatus, wherein the signal is configured to generate a tactile output.. . ... Nokia Inc

05/31/18 / #20180152892

Method and apparatus for providing efficient discontinuous communication

An approach is provided for receiving and transmitting data over a wireless network, while minimizing power consumption. A determination is made, as part of a discontinuous communication mechanism defining an on-period for permitting transmission of data over a network, whether a resource allocation has been made to a user equipment for communicating over the network. ... Nokia Inc

05/31/18 / #20180152828

Method, apparatus and computer program product for service discovery proxy for wireless communication

A method comprises composing, by a wireless device in a wireless network, a service id indicating support for providing proxy service discovery for other wireless devices operating in the wireless network; and transmitting, by the wireless device, a wireless service discovery frame to the wireless network, the service discovery frame including the composed service id.. . ... Nokia Inc

05/31/18 / #20180152807

Method, system and apparatus

There is provided a method comprising: receiving a request for a content-based delivery service from at least one first user device of a plurality of user devices with device-to-device communications capability for a delivery of an information element; obtaining information in relation to the delivery of the information element; determining based on the obtained information in relation to the delivery, if said information element is to be delivered using an access node or at least one second user device or both the access node and the at least one second user device or if information on absence of the requested information element is conveyed, and in response to the determination, carrying out resource configuration for the delivery of the information element or for conveyance of the information on the absence of the requested information element is conveyed the requested information element by using the content-based delivery service.. . ... Nokia Inc

05/31/18 / #20180151932

Triple mode sphere radio frequency filters

An rf filter includes: an electrical conductor defining an outer sphere; a dielectric material defining an inner sphere disposed within the conductor outer sphere; and at least a first electrical probe and a second electrical probe. Each probe extends through the conductor and is electrically insulated from it. ... Nokia Inc

05/31/18 / #20180150275

Augmented reality mixing for distributed audio capture

A method including determining and tracking a position of an observed sound source to an observation point at an audio monitoring device; determining an identifier for the observed sound source based upon the determined and tracked position of the observed sound source; receiving distributed audio capture application signals at the audio monitoring device, where the distributed audio capture application signals include at least one audio mixing parameter for individual audio object channels and identifiers for respective audio objects of the individual audio object channels; and associating a first one of the individual audio object channels with the observed sound source based upon the received identifier of the first individual audio object channel and the determined identifier.. . ... Nokia Inc

05/31/18 / #20180149869

Apparatus and method for near eye display

Examples of the present disclosure relate to an apparatus and method for near eye display. In some examples, there is provided an apparatus configured for use in a near eye display, the apparatus including: means configured to provide stenopeic viewing; and means configured to reflect an image to a user's eye.. ... Nokia Inc

05/31/18 / #20180149683

Measurement structures for measurements such as frequency and quality factors of resonators and other devices, and apparatus comprising the same

An apparatus includes a measurement structure for performing measurements of an rf device. The measurement structure includes an aperture in a conductive surface of the rf device and a conductive projecting region projecting into the aperture from a conductive perimeter of the aperture and electrically connected to that conductive perimeter. ... Nokia Inc

05/31/18 / #20180149490

Method, apparatus, and computer program product for providing access to a media item based at least in part on a route

An apparatus for providing access to a media item based at least in part on a route may include a processor. The processor may be configured to receive a start location of a mobile device. ... Nokia Inc

05/31/18 / #20180147345

Method and apparatus for infusion therapy control

A joining unit (400) for controlling a connection between an infusion pump (200) and a cannula (310) is described. The joining unit has a connection detector for detecting whether an infusion pump is connected to a cannula. ... Nokia Inc

05/24/18 / #20180146446

Position stream session negotiation for spatial audio applications

Embodiments herein relate to methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for position stream session negotiation. An example method includes: transmitting, to a positioning system, a message for initiating a positional data stream associated with at least one audio source, the message comprising one or more requirements for positional characteristics of the positional data stream; receive a response from the positioning system comprising an indication of one or more of the positional characteristics that are supported by the positioning system for the at least one audio source; and initiating the position data stream with the positioning system based on the received response.. ... Nokia Inc

05/24/18 / #20180146392

Enhanced network performance monitoring

There are disclosed measures for enhancing network performance monitoring. Such measures may for example comprise receiving a report on measurements of terminal-related network performance parameters from a terminal, acquiring information of access network-related network performance parameters, and combining the received terminal-related network performance parameters and the acquired access network-related network performance parameters into a combined network performance report.. ... Nokia Inc

05/24/18 / #20180146316

Spatial rendering of a message

A method comprising: causing targeting of a message to a first sub-set of users that receive messages, wherein the message is not targeted to a second sub-set of users that receive messages; and causing different spatial rendering of the message to the first sub-set of users compared to the second sub-set of users.. . ... Nokia Inc

05/24/18 / #20180146225

A method, an apparatus, a computer program for video coding

There are disclosed various methods, apparatuses and computer program products for video encoding. In some embodiments a method comprises including two or more entities into a container file, wherein each entity is a media item or a media track; and indicating in one of the following: the container file or a description of the container file; that the two or more entities are playable in the order they appear in the container file to achieve progressive refinement. ... Nokia Inc

05/24/18 / #20180146207

Motion prediction in video coding

There is disclosed apparatuses, methods and computer programs for utilizing motion prediction in video coding. A block of pixels of a video representation encoded in a bitstream is read, and a type of the block is determined. ... Nokia Inc

05/24/18 / #20180145821

Enhancing synchronization in computer network

A method, apparatus, and computer program product for operating a network node of a computer network is provided. According to an embodiment, in a first network node of a time synchronization network interconnecting the first network node with at least one second network node of the time synchronization network is detected synchronization of the first network node and the at least one second network node; and in the first network node is determined, at least one criterion for processing at least one packet of a time synchronization protocol wherein said at least one criterion is capable of causing discarding of the at least one packet of the time synchronization protocol when the at least one criterion is fulfilled.. ... Nokia Inc

05/24/18 / #20180145739

Precoder design for combining high-end rf with constrained rf of massive mimo antennas

A method includes mapping a signal desired by at least one receiver to a projection area based at least on a functionality corresponding to one or more first radio frequency chains coupled to a plurality of first antennas; selecting precoding coefficients for at least one of one or more second radio frequency chains coupled to a plurality of second antennas to generate a signal point within the projection area; and compensating for a difference between the generated signal point and the signal desired by the at least one receiver using at least one of the first radio frequency chains, wherein the second radio frequency chains have a reduced functionality relative to the functionality of the first radio frequency chains, and wherein the first and second set of antennas are different.. . ... Nokia Inc

05/24/18 / #20180145204

Device for direct x-ray detection

A device for direct x-ray detection (516) comprises a plurality of substantially parallel conductive channels (501) separated from one another by a quantum dot material (510), thereby forming a composite material layer (517). The parallel conductive channels (501) are electrically connected to source and drain electrodes (503 504a) which enable a flow of electrical current through the conductive channels (501). ... Nokia Inc

05/24/18 / #20180143804

Method and apparatus for an interactive user interface

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided to facilitate user interaction with, such as modification of, respective audio objects. An example method may include causing a multimedia file to be presented that includes at least two images. ... Nokia Inc

05/24/18 / #20180143694

Mediated reality

A method comprising: enabling viewing by a user of a virtual scene of a virtual space; mapping a three-dimensional gesture of the user to a corresponding three-dimensional gesture in the virtual space; and in response to determining that the corresponding three-dimensional gesture in a virtual space is a first predetermined gesture or predetermined gestures in relation to a first portion of the virtual space, analyzing the virtual space over time to detect an event in the virtual space relating to the first portion of the virtual space.. . ... Nokia Inc

05/24/18 / #20180143437

Optical apparatus and method

An apparatus and a method are provided. An apparatus, including a first display arrangement; an exit pupil expanding light guide arrangement including an in-coupling region and an out-coupling region, the in-coupling region being configured to in-couple first light from the first display arrangement, and the out-coupling region being configured to out-couple the first light towards a user; and a second display arrangement arranged to transmit second light, through the exit pupil expanding light guide arrangement at the out-coupling region, towards the user.. ... Nokia Inc

05/24/18 / #20180143423

Electronic circuitry for a valve for the transfer of an optically-active fluid from a first to a second reservoir

A transfer circuitry, e.g. In a display system, electrically generating a transfer-gradient along which an optically-active fluid is transferred via a valve from a first reservoir to a second reservoir and a valve-control circuitry providing a voltage to change the valve's shape from a first shape when it is closed to a second shape when it is open.. ... Nokia Inc

05/24/18 / #20180143160

An apparatus and method for providing a time varying voltage

An apparatus and method wherein the apparatus comprises: includes a channel; at least one pair of electrodes provided within sides of the channel; an electrolyte configured to move through the channel such that when the electrolyte is positioned between the at least one pair of electrodes the electrolyte provides a current path between the at least one pair of electrodes; and wherein the at least one pair of electrodes are configured such that movement of the electrolyte through the channel enables a time varying voltage to be provided.. . ... Nokia Inc

05/24/18 / #20180143159

An apparatus and method for providing a time varying voltage

An apparatus and method, the apparatus including a channel; at least one pair of electrodes provided within sides of the channel; a conductor configured to move through the channel such that when the conductor is positioned between the at least one pair of electrodes a current path is provided through the at least one pair of electrodes and the conductor; and wherein the at least one pair of electrodes are configured such that the position of the conductor within the channel controls the length of the current path and enables a time varying voltage to be provided.. . ... Nokia Inc

05/17/18 / #20180139667

Minimization of service interruption during relay reselection in device-to-device (d2d) based user equipment (ue)-to-network relay

Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for minimizing service interruption during relay reselection in d2d based ue-to-network relay are provided.. . ... Nokia Inc

05/17/18 / #20180139636

Averaged end-user throughput evaluation

Methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for measuring throughput as a measure of performance and/or quality of service are provided. One method comprises, over an observation period for at least one of an uplink direction and a downlink direction, measuring an amount of padding bits in each protocol data unit (pdu) that is successfully transmitted in the said direction and that carries data relevant to a given throughput measure. ... Nokia Inc

05/17/18 / #20180139562

Distributed audio mixing

A method is disclosed, which comprises receiving a plurality of audio signals representing audio from respective audio sources in a space; defining for each audio source a spatial audio field indicative of the propagation of its audio signals within the space. For a first audio source is defined a restricted zone within its spatial audio field. ... Nokia Inc

05/17/18 / #20180139469

An apparatus, a method and a computer program for video coding and decoding

A method for motion compensated prediction of a video frame or slice that is bi-directionally encoded, the method comprising creating a first intermediate forward motion compensated sample prediction lo and a second intermediate backward motion compensated sample prediction l1; identifying one or more subsets of samples based on the difference between lo and l1 predictions; and determining a motion compensation process to be applied at least on said one or more subsets of samples to compensate for the difference. For example, bi-directional prediction (b) is not used for samples (4, 5) for which the difference is larger than a predefined threshold.. ... Nokia Inc

05/17/18 / #20180139289

Mechanism for executing server discovery

A mechanism to ensure that the same server/proxy is selected by different server/proxy discovery mechanisms executed in a network control element and a terminal equipment, respectively. A first selection of a server/proxy is executed by a network control element on the basis of a first discovery procedure. ... Nokia Inc

05/17/18 / #20180139223

Control of unwanted network traffic

According to embodiments of the present invention, trust evaluation is performed on network entities including a host and a network node with privacy preservation to determine an unwanted traffic source. The trust evaluation is based on detection reports from the hosts and monitoring reports from the network nodes. ... Nokia Inc

05/17/18 / #20180139059

Certificate verification

According to an example aspect, there is provided an apparatus comprising at least one processing core, at least one memory including computer program code, the at least one memory and the computer program code being configured to, with the at least one processing core, cause the apparatus at least to participate in establishment of a secured protocol connection, receive over a first interface a certificate in connection with the establishment of the secured protocol connection, receive, in connection with the establishment of the secured protocol connection, over a second interface, information concerning the certificate, and compare the certificate to the information concerning the certificate.. . ... Nokia Inc

05/17/18 / #20180137610

Filtering depth map image

There is inter alia a method comprising: partitioning a depth map image into at least one block; partitioning a texture image into at least one block, wherein the size and position of the at least one block of the texture image corresponds to the size and position of the at least one block of the depth image; determining a depth property value for the at least one block of the depth map image; determining a texture property value for the at least one block of the texture image; using the depth property value for the at least one block of the depth map image and the texture property value for the at least one block of the texture image to select a set of filter parameters from a look up table; and filtering the at least one block of the depth map image with a filter based on the selected set of filter parameters.. . ... Nokia Inc

05/17/18 / #20180137413

Diverse activation functions for deep neural networks

In accordance with an example embodiment of the present invention, a method comprising: obtaining a plurality of training samples; employing a set of activation functions on a plurality of layers of a deep neural network, wherein the set of activation functions varies with the plurality of layers; and applying the activation functions on the plurality of training samples.. . ... Nokia Inc

05/17/18 / #20180136663

Apparatus, method and computer program for enabling charging of a vehicle

An apparatus (1), method and computer program wherein the apparatus (1) comprises: processing circuitry (5); and memory circuitry (7) including computer program code (11); the memory circuitry (7) and the computer program code (11) configured to, with the processing circuitry (7), cause the apparatus (1) at least to perform: obtaining information from a solar powered vehicle (31) wherein the information comprises at least a current location of the solar powered vehicle (31); obtaining information (25) relating to distribution of solar power in a predetermined area; using the obtained information to determine a solar power charging strategy (27); and enabling the solar powered vehicle (31) to access the solar power charging strategy (27).. . ... Nokia Inc

05/10/18 / #20180132300

Radio link problem handling in mobile communication systems

. . There are provided measures for enabling/realizing more efficient radio link problem handling in a mobile communication system. Such measures exemplarily comprise detecting a radio problem of a radio link carrying a network connection of a communication device, and initiating a recovery procedure for recovering the connection on said radio link and a re-establishment procedure for re-establishing the connection on an alternative radio link, upon detection of the radio link problem, before a radio link failure of said radio link is declared.. ... Nokia Inc

05/10/18 / #20180132273

Random access response message transmission

Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for random access procedure are provided. One method includes selecting, by a user equipment, a subframe for a first transmission of a preamble based on a configuration broadcast by an evolved node b (enb). ... Nokia Inc

05/10/18 / #20180132241

Frequency selection for broadband transmissions among a shared spectrum

Various communication systems may benefit from improved radio frequency transmissions. For example, communication systems may benefit from the selection of a frequency band based on measurements of a spectrum surrounding the user equipment. ... Nokia Inc

05/10/18 / #20180132240

Switching carrier frequency while user equipment is in off cycle

A method may include determining, by a base station, a switching occasion during which at least one connected user equipment will be in a connected off cycle and at least one idle user equipment will be in an idle off cycle, instructing the at least one connected user equipment and at least one idle user equipment to switch, during the switching occasion, from communicating with the base station via a source carrier frequency to communicating with the base station via a target carrier frequency, and switching, during the switching occasion, from communicating with the at least one connected user equipment and the at least one idle user equipment via the source carrier frequency to communicating with the at least one connected user equipment and the at least one idle user equipment via the target carrier frequency.. . ... Nokia Inc

05/10/18 / #20180132203

Location detection using radio signal capabilities

Various communication systems may benefit from improved positioning technology. For example, communication systems may benefit from taking into account radio signal capabilities of the user equipment when determining the position of the user equipment. ... Nokia Inc

05/10/18 / #20180132134

Sending multiple g-pdus with a single udp datagram

It is provided a method, comprising encapsulating plural packet data units into a datagram of a user datagram protocol, wherein each of the plural packet data units comprises a respective header of a tunneling protocol and a respective user data packet, and each of the headers indicates a length of the respective packet data unit.. . ... Nokia Inc

05/10/18 / #20180132128

Lossless bearer reconfiguration from use of longer to shorter sequence number

Various communication systems may benefit from appropriate handling of reconfiguration. For example, certain wireless communication systems may benefit from lossless bearer reconfiguration when handling a transition from the user of a longer sequence number to a shorter sequence number. ... Nokia Inc

05/10/18 / #20180131951

Video encoding and decoding

A method comprising: encoding pictures into a bitstream, the bitstream comprising at least two scalability layers, pictures being associated with access units and pictures being associated individually with one of the at least two scalability layers; indicating in the bitstream inter-layer prediction dependencies, indicative of direct reference layers, if any, of a first scalability layer and indirect reference layers, if any, of the first scalability layer; selecting an earlier picture in decoding order as a basis for deriving picture order count (poc) related variables for a current picture based on a pre-defined algorithm, the current picture being associated with a current scalability layer, wherein the earlier picture is the closest preceding picture, in decoding order, to the current picture among a set of pictures that are associated with the current scalability layer or any direct or indirect reference layer of the current scalability layer.. . ... Nokia Inc

05/10/18 / #20180131730

User identities for ptt and mcptt

It is provided a method, comprising supervising if an information in a registration request is received from a registrar of a network domain, wherein the information comprises an application identity of a user of a terminal device and a network identity; storing, based on the received information, a binding between the application identity and the network identity; determining the network identity based on the binding and a received first request for establishing a communication to the terminal device; providing, based on the received first request, to the network domain, a second request for establishing the communication towards the terminal device, wherein the second request is based on the determined network identity.. . ... Nokia Inc

05/10/18 / #20180131549

Enhancing data transfer

There is provided a method comprising: obtaining, by an apparatus, a first data block, a second data block and a third data block; generating a first signal, wherein a first part of the first signal is generated based on a data of the first data block, and wherein a second part of the first signal is generated based on a data of the second data block, the second part being subsequent in time domain compared with the first part; generating a second signal, wherein a first part of the second signal is generated based on a data of the third data block, and wherein a second part of the second signal is generated based on the data of the second data block, the second part being subsequent in time domain compared with the first part; and transmitting the first and second signals.. . ... Nokia Inc

05/03/18 / #20180124867

Method of verifying an operation of a mobile radio communication network

A method for verifying an operation of a mobile radio communication network is provided, wherein the method comprises sending an initiation message from a first network entity to a second network entity, the initiation message defining an undo request and comprising an undo section defining an undo area, a triggering_cm section indicating changes to the network, and an assistance section; receiving an assistance-response message, the assistance-response message comprising the undo section, and an assisted_cm section; and sending an assistance-acknowledge message including an ack flag and the undo section from the first network entity to the second network entity.. . ... Nokia Inc

05/03/18 / #20180124851

Inter-enb carrier aggregation

In a communication system where a primary cell is controlled by a first base station and a secondary cell is controlled by a second, different base station, flow control is performed between the primary cell and the secondary cell for data for a radio link control layer. According to the flow control, the data for the radio link control layer is communicated between the first and second base stations using a link between the first and second base stations. ... Nokia Inc

05/03/18 / #20180124670

Indicating channel usage in wireless network

This document discloses a solution for providing channel usage information. In an embodiment, an apparatus managing a wireless network and being in an unassociated state towards an access node managing another wireless network is provided with the channel usage information. ... Nokia Inc

05/03/18 / #20180124551

Session continuity for ipv6 over bluetooth low energy

Methods and apparatus, including computer program products, are provided for communications. In one aspect there is provided a method. ... Nokia Inc

05/03/18 / #20180124543

Audio processing

A method comprising: causing rendering of a first sound scene comprising multiple first sound objects; in response to direct or indirect user specification of a change in sound scene from the first sound scene to a mixed sound scene based in part on the first sound scene and in part on a second sound scene, causing selection of one or more second sound objects of the second sound scene comprising multiple second sound objects; causing selection of one or more first sound objects in the first sound scene; and causing rendering of a mixed sound scene by rendering the first sound scene while de-emphasising the selected one or more first sound objects and emphasising the selected one or more second sound objects.. . ... Nokia Inc

05/03/18 / #20180124291

Method, apparatus and computer program product for creating virtual reality content of an event

In an example embodiment, method, apparatus and computer program product are provided. The method includes facilitating receipt of a plurality of vr contents and a plurality of video contents associated with an event captured by a plurality of vr cameras and a plurality of user camera devices, respectively. ... Nokia Inc

05/03/18 / #20180124186

Using cellular identifiers in intelligent transport systems communication infrastructure

The present invention provides apparatuses, methods, computer programs, computer program products and computer-readable media regarding using cellular identifiers in intelligent transport systems (its) communication infrastructure. The method includes composing a header of a message to be distributed within the intelligent transport system by the communication node, the communication node being capable of communicating at least in accordance with a cellular network, and inserting into the header at least one identifier according to the cellular communication network of the communication node.. ... Nokia Inc

05/03/18 / #20180123885

Building and applying operational experiences for cm operations

The present invention provides apparatuses, methods, computer programs, computer program products and computer-readable media regarding building and applying operational experiences for cm operations. The present invention comprises collecting operational experience information on executed operations from various logical entities via an interface, the collected operational experience information including execution data, and performance data concerning the executed operation, analyzing the operational experience information of the executed operations, storing the operational experience information of the executed operations in the central entity, and arranging the operational experience information of executed operations into different groups in the central entity according to similarities in the analyzed execution data of the operational experience information.. ... Nokia Inc

05/03/18 / #20180123768

Per-protocol data unit delivery-path indication

Indication of delivery-path information may benefit various communication systems. For example, wireless communication systems may benefit from per-protocol data unit delivery-path indication to data recipient or from setting a timer expiry value dependent on such received information. ... Nokia Inc

05/03/18 / #20180123752

Method and apparatus for handling data activity of a secondary cell

A method and apparatus may include determining a channel between a secondary cell and a user equipment. The method may also include transmitting information relating to the channel to a primay cell of a second network node. ... Nokia Inc

05/03/18 / #20180123719

Coordinated interference cancellation in wireless network

An example technique includes receiving, by a user device, a first signal including a first user device-specific signal from a base station and one or more interfering signals, the first user device-specific signal being received based on a first modulation and coding scheme (mcs), determining, by the user device, whether the user device can perform interference cancellation for the one or more interfering signals, sending, by the user device to the base station, an interference cancellation feedback message including at least, for each of the one or more interfering signals, an interference cancellation capability indication that indicates whether or not the user device can perform interference cancellation for the interfering signal, receiving an updated mcs, wherein the updated mcs is based, at least in part, on the interference from the interference cancellation feedback message, and receiving, by the user device based on the updated mcs, a second signal.. . ... Nokia Inc

05/03/18 / #20180123255

Polarized filtenna, such as a dual polarized filtenna, and arrays and apparatus using same

An apparatus includes a filtenna. The filtenna includes a block having a waveguide formed therein, and having first and second ends, wherein the first end is closed and the second end radiates to free space. ... Nokia Inc

05/03/18 / #20180122395

Virtual duplex operation

A method including, while first audio signals from a first user are being transmitted on a first bandwidth from a first apparatus, detecting transmitting of second audio signals from a second user by a second apparatus; and based upon the detecting of the second audio signals from the second apparatus, reducing the transmitting of the first audio signals on the first bandwidth to transmitting of the first audio signals on at least one first relatively smaller sub-band of the first bandwidth.. . ... Nokia Inc

05/03/18 / #20180120132

Method, apparatus and computer program product for providing sensor data collection and sensor configuration

A method, apparatus and computer program product provide data collection via a plurality of sensors, user authentication, data storage, and sensor replacement and configuration. The sensors may be integrated in or on various types of devices and/or household objects and may provide a wide range of data regarding users, use of the respective items, and/or their environments. ... Nokia Inc

04/19/18 / #20180110082

Fast activation of multi-connectivity utilizing uplink signals

Embodiments herein provide a method for fast activation of multi-connectivity utilizing uplink signals. According to an example embodiment, a method includes: transmitting, by a user equipment, at least one uplink signal to a plurality of network nodes of a wireless network based at least on the user equipment being in a first radio resource control state such that the user equipment maintains connectivity with one of the network nodes; receiving at least one connection message including a command to connect to at least two of the network nodes for communication, wherein the command is based at least on measurements extracted from the at least one uplink signal; in response to the at least one connection message, changing from the first radio resource control state to a second radio resource control state; and transmitting data utilizing multiple communication links via the at least two network nodes.. ... Nokia Inc

04/19/18 / #20180109979

Method and apparatus for providing an indication regarding ip address preservation following a transfer involving a wireless local area network

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided to facilitate the transition of user equipment between basic service sets within a wlan or from a basic service set within a wlan to a cellular data link of a cellular network. In the context of a method from the perspective of the user equipment, a message is received that identifies one or more basic service sets or cellular data links to which user equipment is potentially capable of transferring. ... Nokia Inc

04/19/18 / #20180109975

Detection and mitigation of signalling anomalies in wireless network

This document discloses a solution for detecting and mitigating anomalies such as signalling storms in a radio access network of a wireless communication system. According to an aspect, there is disclosed a method including receiving, in a first local traffic analysis module, configuration parameters from a second local traffic analysis module or from a central traffic analysis module connected to a plurality of local traffic analysis modules; monitoring, by a first traffic analysis module by using the received configuration parameters, traffic in a radio access network of a wireless communication system; detecting, in the monitored traffic on the basis of the configuration parameters, an anomaly causing a control plane signalling load; and in response to said detecting, taking an action to mitigate the anomaly and reporting information on the anomaly to the central traffic analysis module.. ... Nokia Inc

04/19/18 / #20180109956

Method and apparatus for securing timing packets over untrusted packet transport network

Methods, devices, systems, techniques, and computer program products are provided to secure timing synchronization to network nodes connected over an inherently insecure best effort public network with mechanisms to improve accuracy of timing protocols such as a statistically estimated edge timestamp offset encoded into the timing message to account for network jitter and processing latency variances incurred due to the security packet processing and encryption; to ensure slave network nodes shall only accept timing messages from trusted timing sources; to establish a secure tunnel with a trusted timing source for exchange of timing packets; to provide authentication and security for timing packets over the insecure public network; and to enhance message anonymity with variable payload padding.. . ... Nokia Inc

04/19/18 / #20180109911

Network location reporting broadcast bearer management

Various communication systems may benefit from network location reporting. For example, such reporting may be beneficial in the establishment of a multimedia broadcast/multicast service bearer for media traffic delivery from a group communication service application server or other similar device or system. ... Nokia Inc

04/19/18 / #20180109901

Audio object modification in free-viewpoint rendering

A method including, during a free-viewpoint rendering to a user, where the free-viewpoint rendering comprises rendering of an audio object, and during relative movement between a location of the user and the audio object in the free-viewpoint rendering, detecting a locational conflict abnormality between the audio object and the location of the user; and based upon the detecting of the locational conflict abnormality, changing the rendering of the audio object, where the changing is based upon at least one predetermined abnormality modification parameter.. . ... Nokia Inc

04/19/18 / #20180109379

Fibre-optic communication based on dual-rail and polarization encoding

According to an example aspect, there is provided an apparatus comprising a first optical converter coupled to a fibre interface and to two waveguides, a dual rail encoder configured to encode dual rail form light from the two waveguides with payload information, and wherein the dual rail encoder is coupled to the first optical converter or to a second optical converter disposed between the dual rail encoder and the fibre interface, and wherein the first optical converter or the second optical converter is coupled so as to provide polarization encoded light into the fibre interface.. . ... Nokia Inc

04/19/18 / #20180109286

Frequency hopping method for machine type communication

A method and apparatus may include receiving, by a machine type communication user equipment, parameters for frequency hopping in downlink or uplink. The parameters comprise an “x,” ‘y,” and “z” parameters, “x” corresponds to a duration for which the same physical resource blocks are used for transmission. ... Nokia Inc

04/19/18 / #20180106622

An apparatus and associated methods for use in live navigation

An apparatus comprising a processor and memory including computer program code, the memory and computer program code configured to, with the processor, enable the apparatus at least to: for a defined road journey through a road network from a start location to an end location, assign respective sub-portions of the defined road journey to each of a group of mobile devices associated with one or more travellers for the road journey according to at least one predefined assignment criterion, wherein each of the group of mobile devices is configured for provision of live mapping data for live navigation of the respective sub-portion of the road journey.. . ... Nokia Inc

04/19/18 / #20180103868

Apparatuses and methods for measuring skin resistance

A method comprising receiving, from a circuit, information indicative of a skin resistance between an inner electrode and an outer electrode, the inner electrode being disposed on at least part of an inner surface of a housing, the outer electrode being disposed on at least part of an outer surface of the housing such that the outer electrode is separated from the inner electrode, the housing being configured to be in contact with or at least partially encircle a body part of a user of the housing, such that the inner surface of the housing is configured to at least partially contact the body part and the outer surface of the housing is configured to avoid contact with the body part, and determining a galvanic skin response of the user based, at least in part, on the skin resistance when the outer electrode is in contact with the user.. . ... Nokia Inc

04/12/18 / #20180103503

Using networking relationship in configuring radio connectivity

There is provided a solution for using application layer information to establish clusters in a cell of a cellular communication system. In an embodiment, there is acquired at least one information element representing application layer networking relationship of a first user account associated with a first terminal device with at least a second user account of a second terminal device. ... Nokia Inc








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