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Nokia Technologies Oy patents


Recent patent applications related to Nokia Technologies Oy. Nokia Technologies Oy is listed as an Agent/Assignee. Note: Nokia Technologies Oy may have other listings under different names/spellings. We're not affiliated with Nokia Technologies Oy, we're just tracking patents.

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Dynamic provisioning of quality of service for end-to-end quality of service control in device-to-device communication

. . . . Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for dynamic provisioning of quality of service (qos) for end-to-end (e2e) qos control in device-to-device (d2d) based ue-to-network relay transmission are provided.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

Inter-frequency and intra-frequency measurement management

Various communication systems may benefit from improved measurement performance. For example, it may be helpful to manage intra-frequency and inter-frequency allocation in a measurement gap. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

Transmission of uplink control information for multiple control channel format lengths

A technique includes multiplying, by a user device, a first uplink control information, associated with a first control channel format length, with a first orthogonal signal to obtain a first spread control signal, multiplying, by the user device, a second uplink control information, associated with a second control channel format length, with a second orthogonal signal that is different than the first orthogonal signal to obtain a second spread control signal, the second control channel format length being different than the first control channel format length, receiving, by the user device, a first resource grant indicating one or more resource blocks for uplink transmission, the first resource grant associated with or provided for the first uplink control information, and transmitting, by the user device, at least partially simultaneously via the one or more resource blocks, the first spread control signal and the second spread control signal.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

Message verification

According to an example aspect of the present invention, there is provided an apparatus comprising at least one processing core configured to obtain, from a timestamp, a truncated timestamp comprising a first number of least significant bits of the timestamp and not comprising at least one most significant bit of the timestamp, to derive a hash value based at least in part on the timestamp, a payload and a secret value, and to compile a first message comprising the truncated timestamp, the payload and, at least in part, the hash value, and a transmitter configured to be directed by the at least one processing core, to transmit the first message toward a recipient.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

Accessing a video segment

A method comprising: causing provision of a visual access menu to enable a user to access video segments of a scene comprising: causing display of at least a portion an image of the scene; causing display, at a first location in the scene, of a first user-selectable menu option that when selected causes access to one or more first video segments of activity at the first location in the scene; and causing display, at a second location in the scene, of a second user-selectable menu option that when selected causes access to one or more second video segments of activity at the second location in the scene.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

Intelligent crossfade with separated instrument tracks

A method is provided including separating a first file into a first plurality of instrument tracks and a second file into a second plurality of instrument tracks, wherein each instrument track of each of the first plurality and second plurality corresponds to a type of instrument; selecting a first instrument track from the first plurality of instrument tracks and a second instrument track from the second plurality of instrument tracks based at least on the type of instrument corresponding to the first instrument track and the second instrument track; fading out other instrument tracks from the first plurality of instrument tracks; performing a crossfade between the first instrument track and the second instrument track; and fading in other instrument tracks from the second plurality of instrument tracks.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

Sound generation

A sound generation technique is provided. According to an example embodiment, the technique comprising storing, in an apparatus, respective sound information for one or more resource types, the sound information for a resource type comprising, sound data that defines one or more audio signals associated with the resource type and sound control data that defines use of the sound data for generation of a sound signal that is descriptive of a status of a resource that represents said resource type in dependence of one or more resource values that indicate the status of the resource; receiving, in the apparatus, from one or more accessory devices, a respective time series of resource values that indicates a status of a resource available in the respective accessory device; and generating, in the apparatus, in dependence of resource values in said one or more time series, using said sound information for the resource types available in said one or more accessory devices, a sound signal that is descriptive of the statuses of said resources available in said one or more accessory devices.. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

Apparatus, method and computer program product for medium access control in a wireless sensor network

Method, apparatus, computer program product and computer readable medium are disclosed for medium access control in a wireless sensor network, wherein the wireless sensor network comprises a source node configured to send sensor information, a relay node configured to relay the sensor information and a sink node configured to receive the sensor information; said method comprising. The method comprises: scheduling wireless resource for the source node and the relay node so that the relay node can receive and relay the sensor information sent by the source node; and combining a plurality of transmissions containing the sensor information from the source node and/or the relay node in decoding the sensor information.. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

Short physical uplink shared channel arrangement

Various communication systems may benefit from efficient communications. For example, low latency long term evolution (lte) systems may benefit from a short physical uplink shared channel (pusch) arrangement. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

Protection of privacy in paging of user equipment

Techniques are provided for protecting the privacy of user equipment during paging operations in a communication system. In one example, a method includes determining at a mobility management element of a communication system that a paging operation is to be initiated for given user equipment. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

Buffer status reporting and new quality of service flows on default bearer in next generation radio access networks

Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for buffer status reporting and efficient handling of new quality of service (qos) flows on the default bearer in next generation (ng) radio access networks (ran) are provided.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

Reliability-based multi-link communications

A network, for example a master node interworking with other network nodes, determines a reliability target for radio communications, and computes a first single multi-link reliability metric with a multi-mode device across a first set of multiple radio links that are simultaneously active for the multi-mode device. In the examples that reliability metric enumerates an overall probability to successfully communicate a certain volume of digital data within a certain time constraint. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

Smooth rendering of overlapping audio-object interactions

A method including, detecting an overlap between at least two waveform renderings, wherein the at least two waveform renderings comprise an audio object, determining at least one difference between the at least two waveform renderings for the audio object when the overlap is detected, determining a rendering modification decision for the audio object associated with the at least one difference, processing at least one of the at least two waveform renderings dependent on the rendering modification decision so as to introduce an effect related to the determined at least one difference, and performing a modified rendering with the processed at least one of the at least two waveform renderings comprising the effect for the audio object.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

Preferential rendering of multi-user free-viewpoint audio for improved coverage of interest

A method including, determining, for each of at least two listening positions, a default rendering, determining an overlap for at least one audio source for the default rendering based on the at least two listening positions, determining at least one audio source rendering modification associated with at least one of the at least two listening positions based on the determined overlap, and providing a modified rendering for at least one of the at least two listening positions by processing the at least one audio source rendering so as to improve audibility of the at least one audio source during the audio rendering for at least one of the at least two listening positions.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

09/20/18 / #20180270069

De-duplication of encrypted data

According to an example aspect of the invention, there is provided an apparatus comprising at least one processing core and at least one memory including computer program code, the at least one memory and the computer program code being configured to, with the at least one processing core, cause the apparatus at least to receive, from a first user, a ciphertext, a first hash value and a first ciphered encryption key, receive, from a second user, a second hash value, responsive to a determination the first hash value is the same as the second hash value, obtain a re-encryption key, and apply the re-encryption key to the first ciphered encryption key to obtain a re-encrypted encryption key, the re-encrypted encryption key being decryptable with a secret key of the second user.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

09/20/18 / #20180269841

Method and apparatus for processing an audio signal based on an estimated loudness

An apparatus comprising at least one processor and at least one memory including computer program code. The at least one memory and the computer program code is configured to, with the at least one processor, cause the apparatus at least to determine a loudness estimate of a first audio signal, generate a parameter dependent on the loudness estimate; and control the first audio signal dependent on the parameter.. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

09/20/18 / #20180268868

Video content selection

A method and apparatus are disclosed for detecting a user selection of a positioning tag; retrieving directional information and timestamp information relating to the selected tag; comparing directional information relating to the selected tag with directional information of an array of cameras arranged to capture video content from a recording area; identifying video content captured by one or more cameras from an array of cameras arranged to capture video content from a recording area, wherein the video content captured by the one or more cameras is identified if the one or more cameras have captured video content from a section of the recording area relevant to the location of the selected tag over a time period relevant to the timestamp information relating to the selected tag; and selecting the identified video content obtained from the one or more cameras for display.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

09/20/18 / #20180268375

Method and apparatus for repair or maintenance control of devices

A method and apparatus having local communication with a proximate device; user interfacing with a user of the apparatus; mobile communication with a back-end server; identifying the proximate device using the local communication and receiving status information from the proximate device; presenting to the user an indication of the status of the proximate device; receiving from the user a request for repair or maintenance information relating to the proximate device; signaling with mobile communication to a back-end server an indication of the status of the proximate device, information relating to the user and a direct or indirect indication of properties of the proximate device and to responsively receive from the back-end server corresponding repair or maintenance information; and presenting of the received repair or maintenance information to the user before repair or maintenance of the proximate device is performed according to the repair or maintenance information.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

09/20/18 / #20180263549

Apparatus for monitoring a subject, such as a baby

An apparatus including a body made of force-conveying material, wherein the body includes a nozzle part and a base part, the nozzle part protruding from the base part, and wherein the nozzle part is configured to fit at least partly into a mouth of a subject for feeding the subject, and at least one deformation sensor located in the base part, the deformation sensor being configured to sense, at the base part, deformation conveyed from the nozzle part through the force-conveying material.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

09/06/18 / #20180254479

An apparatus and method of providing an apparatus for use as a power source

An apparatus and method of providing an apparatus, the apparatus comprising: an electrode comprising metal; an anode comprising a composite of halide salt and conductive carbon based material wherein the anode is deposited on the electrode; a cathode comprising metal; and a solid electrolyte provided between the cathode and the anode.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

09/06/18 / #20180252533

Causing a transition between positioning modes

This specification describes a method comprising causing a trackable device to transition between a first positioning mode and a second positioning mode, wherein, in the first positioning mode, the trackable device causes wireless transmission of one or more data packets each including a data portion for enabling determination of a bearing between the trackable device and a locator device and, in the second positioning mode, the trackable device causes wireless transmission of one or more data packets which do not include the data portion for enabling determination of the bearing between the trackable device and the locator device.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

08/23/18 / #20180242096

Fitting background ambiance to sound objects

Embodiments of these teachings concern integrating a sound object such as an audio object recorded by, e.g., a lavalier microphone to a spatial audio signal. First the sound object is obtained and then a direction and an active duration of the sound object is determined. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

08/23/18 / #20180241982

Method, apparatus and computer program product for generating composite images with three-dimensional effects and reducing pole contraction lines

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided for improved generation of composite images for display in three-dimensional environments. Images may be adjoined to form three-dimensional composite images, but the composite images may be subject to contraction lines. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

08/23/18 / #20180241619

Interface for a cloud radio access network

Various communication systems may benefit from improved communications for a cloud radio access network. For example, certain communication systems may benefit from an improved s1 interface that connects a network entity to front ends in a cloud radio access network. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

08/23/18 / #20180241228

Methods, apparatuses and computer-readable instructions for activating charging of an electric vehicle

This specification describes a method comprising:receiving, by a charging activation apparatus associated with an electric vehicle, a first instance of a charging session id from first server apparatus associated with a first electricity provider which is the electricity provider of a driver or owner of the electric vehicle; receiving, by the charging activation apparatus, a second instance of the charging session id from second server apparatus associated with a second electricity provider which is the electricity provider for a power outlet with which the electric vehicle is currently electrically connected; comparing, by the charging activation apparatus, the first and second instances of the charging session id; and determining, by the charging activation apparatus, if the first and second instances of the charging session id correspond and, if the first and second instances of the charging session id are determined to correspond, causing activation of charging of the electric vehicle via the electrical connection to the power outlet.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

08/23/18 / #20180240339

Flexible security rating and decision mechanism for machine type communications

Methods and apparatus, including computer program products, are provided in one aspect there is provided a method. The method may include detecting, at a first node, an event; generating, at the first node, a message in response to the detected event; and sending, at the first node, the message to at least a second node to enable the second node to determine at least one of a reliability or an importance of the message. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

08/16/18 / #20180234685

Apparatus, a method and a computer program for video coding

There is disclosed an apparatus, a method and a computer program for video coding. The apparatus comprises a selector configured for selecting a pixel for prediction; a projection definer configured for determining a projection of said pixel to a set of reference pixels; and a prediction definer configured for selecting one or more reference pixels from said set of reference pixels on the basis of said projection, and using said selected one or more reference pixels to obtain a prediction value for said pixel to be predicted.. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

08/16/18 / #20180234179

Optical positioning

According to an example aspect of the present invention, there is provided an apparatus comprising at least one memory configured to store positioning information, and at least one processing core configured to determine a position estimate for the apparatus based at least in part on the positioning information and on at least one direction of a steerable optical beam, the steerable optical beam being steerable by the apparatus.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

08/16/18 / #20180232854

Method and apparatus for image adjustment for panoramic image stitching

A method, apparatus and computer program products are provided for reducing artifacts in a seam region when stitching overlapping images. One example method includes extracting the seam region from the overlapping images, wherein the overlapping images comprise a first image captured by a first image capturing device and a second image captured by a second image capturing device, the overlapping images sharing the seam region, the seam region being a region of each of the first image and the second images depicting a common captured area, applying a set of convergence values to the seam region generating a plurality of strips corresponding to the seam region, dividing the plurality of strips into multiple vertical segments, and computing an optimal convergence for each of the multiple vertical segments.. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

08/16/18 / #20180231620

A charge-carrier hall-effect sensor

A charge-carrier hall-effect sensor comprising: a semiconductor or a semimetal layer; a pair of electric current contacts in electrical contact with the semiconductor or semimetal layer and separated in a first longitudinal direction along a first electric current channel; a pair of voltage contacts in electrical contact with the semiconductor or semimetal layer and separated in a second transverse direction, orthogonal to the first direction, and positioned on either side of the electric current channel; an electrically insulating layer underlying the semiconductor or the semimetal layer; and a ferromagnetic layer underlying the electrically insulating layer comprising at least one region having a magnetic moment with a component perpendicular to a plane comprising the pair of electric current contacts and the pair of voltage contacts.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

08/09/18 / #20180227887

Robust control channel transmission scheme

Signaling is received (or transmitted) to configure a ue with multiple transmit beams, each for receiving beam-specific dci. A beam-specific current dci is received at the ue (or transmitted from a network) on the transmit beam(s), including information about beam-specific previous dcis transmitted to the ue on any of the multiple transmit beams within a predefined time window preceding a time unit in which the current dci was received. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

08/09/18 / #20180227842

Method and system for selection of an access and mobility management function in an access network environment

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided in accordance with example embodiments in order to provide methods, apparatuses, and/or systems that reduce and/or eliminate network inefficiencies caused by the persistence of user-equipment-specific associations with network interfaces and elements, including but not limited to user-equipment-specific associations on at least n2. In some example implementations, an amf may assign a temporary id containing particularized identification information to a ue in a manner that allows for selection by a (r)an of a amf and that enables an amf to process an n1/n2 transaction, such as may occur when a ue enters an idle mode and/or transitions from an idle mode to a connected mode.. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

08/09/18 / #20180227591

Combined motion vector and reference index prediction for video coding

A system and method for improving the coding efficiency of motion vector information in video coding. According to various embodiments, a list of motion vector predictor candidates is arranged according to predefined rules. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

08/09/18 / #20180227206

Extent of out-of-sequence indication for multi-connectivity

Embodiments concern indication of extent of out-of-sequencing for multi-connectivity. While receiving control plane or user plane packets from multi-connectivity legs, a specific user-plane packet may be determined to be an out-of-sequence packet if the packet is received too early or too late. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

08/09/18 / #20180226082

Audio parameter quantization

A technique for audio encoding is provided. According to an example embodiment, the technique comprises deriving a first quantization error that is descriptive of an error resulting with a non-predictive quantization of an audio parameter of an audio signal segment, deriving a second quantization error that is descriptive of an error resulting with a predictive quantization of said audio parameter of said audio signal segment, determining whether said second quantization error exceeds said first quantization error by at least an adaptive margin that is dependent on the number of consecutive audio signal segments that precede said audio signal segment in which said audio parameter is provided quantized with said predictive quantization, providing said audio parameter of said audio segment quantized with said non-predictive quantization as part of an encoded audio signal at least in case the outcome of quantization quantization said determination is affirmative, and providing otherwise said audio parameter of said audio segment quantized with said predictive quantization as part of an encoded audio signal.. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

08/09/18 / #20180226061

Re-configuring the standby screen of an electronic device

An electronic device comprising: a user interface having a display for displaying a standby screen when the device is in an idle state and a user input device, wherein the user interface provides a menu system, for re-configuring the standby screen, that is navigated using the user input device.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

08/09/18 / #20180225290

Searching image content

A method, an apparatus and computer program code is provided. The method comprises: responding to user input by making at least one alteration to a recording of a real scene in a first image content item; determining at least one altered characteristic of the recording of the real scene; determining whether one or more further image content items, different from the first image content item, have a recording of a real scene comprising the at least one determined altered characteristic; and causing at least one further image content item, having a recording of a real scene comprising the at least one determined altered characteristic, to be indicated to a user.. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

08/09/18 / #20180225256

Method and apparatus for optimization

An approach is provided for solving optimization problems. The present invention also relates to a method comprising receiving a spin index and receiving one or more convergence criteria. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

08/09/18 / #20180224566

Flexible pixel array controlled by conductive shape memory material

An apparatus, method and a computer program are provided. The apparatus includes: an array of pixels, configured to detect radiation, provided on a flexible substrate; a conductive shape memory material coupled to the flexible substrate; and drive circuitry configured to apply a current to the conductive shape memory material in order to change a shape of the conductive shape memory material and the flexible substrate.. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

08/02/18 / #20180220320

Reporting of rrc mismatch occurrences

A method is provided including determining, at a user equipment, whether a control state mismatch occurred between the user equipment and a wireless network, the control state mismatch corresponding to an occasion where the user equipment is operating in a different control state than is expected by the wireless network; generating, at the user equipment, a report comprising information related to at least one occurrence of a control state mismatch; and transmitting, from the user equipment, the report to the wireless network.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

08/02/18 / #20180220253

Differential headtracking apparatus

Apparatus comprising a processor configured to: determine a first orientation value of a head (101) of a user (100) of the apparatus relative to a further body part (111) of the user (100) using at least one orientation sensor (105); and control a 3d audio reproduction function of the apparatus based on the first orientation value.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

08/02/18 / #20180220250

Audio scene apparatus

An apparatus comprising: a first audio signal analyser configured to analyse a first audio signal to determine at least one audio source, wherein the at least one audio source has a virtual location; a second audio signal analyser configured to analyse a second audio signal to determine at least one localised audio source, wherein the second audio signal is generated from the apparatus audio environment; and a repositioner configured to reposition the virtual location of the at least one audio source dependent on the at least one localised audio source.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

08/02/18 / #20180219990

Panel speaker ear location

An apparatus including a speaker and a sensor. The speaker includes a vibrating element and a display element. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

08/02/18 / #20180219975

Sharing mediated reality content

A method, apparatus and computer program code are provided. The method comprises: causing display of mediated reality content by one or more displays associated with a device; identifying a further device with which at least a portion of the mediated reality content is to be shared; determining one or more parameters characterizing one or more displays associated with the further device; determining at least a portion of the mediated reality content to be shared with the further device based, at least in part, on the determined one or more parameters; and causing the portion of the mediated reality content to be shared with the further device.. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

08/02/18 / #20180219773

Interconnection of overlay networks

Embodiments of the invention generally relate to interconnection of overlay networks. The communication device is provided. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

08/02/18 / #20180218318

Method and apparatus for generating a dynamic environmental profile for transport of cargo

A method is provided for generating a dynamic environmental profile for transport of cargo. In particular, example methods may include receiving cargo information comprising a cargo type, receiving cargo transport history, receiving a transport plan, and calculating, based on the cargo information, the cargo transport history, and the transport plan, a transport itinerary comprising environmental control instructions for a remaining portion of the transport plan. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

07/26/18 / #20180213576

Connection release assistance information

In one embodiment transmission of at least a first type of traffic to or from a user equipment (ue) is temporarily prohibited in response to an indication from the ue to release a radio connection. Throughout the temporary prohibition, the ue and/or network refrain from running any connection establishment procedure that involves the ue, except to establish a connection for transmission of a different second type of traffic to or from the ue. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

07/26/18 / #20180213390

Localized routing in mobile networks

Methods and apparatus, including computer program products, are provided for localized routing. In some example embodiments, there is provided a method. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

07/26/18 / #20180213345

Multi-apparatus distributed media capture for playback control

Apparatus for capturing media including: a first media capture device configured to capture media; a locator configured to receive at least one remote location signal such that the apparatus is configured to locate an audio source associated with a tag generating the remote location signals, the locator including an array of antenna elements arranged with a reference orientation from which the tag is located; and a common orientation determiner configured to determine a common datum orientation between the reference orientation and the common datum, the common datum being common with respect to the apparatus and at least one further apparatus for capturing media, such that switching between the apparatus and the further apparatus for capturing media can be controlled based on the determined common datum orientation and a further apparatus common datum orientation.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

07/26/18 / #20180213344

Spatial audio rendering point extension

A method including, determining, for a user located at a location corresponding to a free-viewpoint rendering, a spatial rendering point extension, where the spatial rendering point extension is spaced away from the location in the free-viewpoint rendering, and rendering to the user an audio object based upon the spatial rendering point extension, where without the spatial rendering point extension the audio object is either: not able to be heard by the user, or is heard differently by the user while the user is at the location, such that the rendering of the audio object based upon the spatial rendering point extension allows the user to hear the audio object while the user is at the location or allows the user to hear the audio object differently while the user is at the location.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

07/26/18 / #20180213326

Methods, apparatuses and computer program products for facilitating directional audio capture with multiple microphones

An apparatus for providing directional audio capture may include a processor and memory storing executable computer program code that cause the apparatus to at least perform operations including assigning at least one beam direction, among a plurality of beam directions, in which to direct directionality of an output signal of one or more microphones. The computer program code may further cause the apparatus to divide microphone signals of the microphones into selected frequency subbands wherein an analysis performed. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

07/26/18 / #20180213309

Spatial audio processing apparatus

Apparatus including: an audio capture application configured to determine separate microphones from a plurality of microphones and identify a sound source direction of at least one audio source within an audio scene by analysing respective two or more audio signals from the separate microphones, wherein the audio capture application is further configured to adaptively select, from the plurality of microphones, two or more respective audio signals based on the determined direction and furthermore configured to select, from the two or more respective audio signals, a reference audio signal also based on the determined direction; and a signal generator configured to generate a mid signal representing the at least one audio source based on a combination of the selected two or more respective audio signals and with reference to the reference audio signal.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

07/26/18 / #20180213263

Method and apparatus for encoding and decoding images

There are disclosed various methods and apparatuses for encoding an image. In some embodiments the method comprises selecting a datastream among a first datastream and a second datastream, said first datastream and said second datastream comprising context-decision pairs, said context and decision relating to one or more images or a part of the one or more images. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

07/26/18 / #20180213045

Methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for providing filtered services and content based on user context

An apparatus may include a processor configured to receive a request for a service or content from a first device. The processor may be further configured to receive a user's context information from a second device. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

07/26/18 / #20180211271

Apparatus, method and computer program product for budget allocation in data collection

Method, apparatus, computer program product and computer readable medium are disclosed for budget allocation in a data collection task. The method comprises; dividing the data collection task into a plurality of rounds (502); and determining a csub-budget for a round based at least partly on information about one or more previous rounds and an available average sub-budget for remainder rounds (504).. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

07/26/18 / #20180211130

Object detection with neural network

According to an example aspect of the present invention, there is provided an apparatus comprising at least one processing core, at least one memory including computer program code, the at least one memory and the computer program code being configured to, with the at least one processing core, cause the apparatus at least to provide an input data item to a first convolutional layer of an artificial neural network comprising a set of convolutional layers, process the input data item in the set of convolutional layers, define, in a feature map output from a last convolutional layer of the set of convolutional layers, a first feature map patch and a second feature map patch, and provide the first feature map patch to a first classifier and the second feature map patch to a second classifier.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

07/26/18 / #20180211023

An apparatus comprising a biometric sensor

An apparatus including: a biometric sensor for sensing one or more biometric parameters of a subject; a detector configured to detect one or more subject-dependent parameters; and a controller configured to initially perform a security function using the biometric sensor and subsequently perform the security function, after successful verification of the one or more detected subject-dependent parameters, without using the biometric sensor.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

07/26/18 / #20180210206

Determination of environmental augmentation allocation data

A method including receiving augmentation allocation property data that includes data that correlates a virtual information region with at least one surface property, receiving information indicative of at least one physical object that is in a physical environment proximate to the head mounted display, determining that the physical object has a surface that conforms with the surface property, determining environmental augmentation allocation data that includes data that correlates the virtual information region with the surface of the physical object such that the environmental augmentation allocation data designates the surface of the physical object for display of a representation of information allocated to the virtual information region, determining that at least part of the surface of the physical object is at least partially within a field of view of the head mounted display, and causing display of at least part of information that is allocated to the virtual information region.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

07/26/18 / #20180206743

Arterial pulse measurement

A method comprising: at a processor, determining an in vivo transit distance for an arterial pulse between a first arterial pulse point and a second arterial pulse point using a first distance measured to the first arterial pulse point and a second distance measured to a second arterial pulse point; and at the processor, determining a transit time for an arterial pulse between the first arterial pulse point and the second arterial pulse point, based on one or more transmitted detecting and ranging wave pulses reflected from the first arterial pulse point and from one or more transmitted detecting and ranging wave pulses reflected from the second arterial pulse point.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

07/19/18 / #20180206187

Method and apparatus for saving power in a gateway network

Embodiments are disclosed for saving power in a gateway network comprising a plurality of nodes including a gateway device and one or more endpoint devices. In the context of a method, an example embodiment includes determining a mode of operation that results in optimal power utilization of at least one node, and determining whether a current mode of operation comprises the mode of operation that results in optimal power utilization of the node. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

07/19/18 / #20180206054

An apparatus, method and computer program for providing sound reproduction

A method, apparatus and computer program wherein the method includes: obtaining at least three ambient audio signals wherein at least one of the ambient audio signals is to be processed with a first directional transfer function pair and at least one other of the ambient audio signals is to be processed with a second directional transfer function pair wherein the directional transfer function pairs to be used are based on target directions of the ambient audio signals; determining a change of the target direction for the at least one ambient audio signal to an updated target direction; selecting an updated directional transfer function pair associated with the updated target direction wherein the updated directional transfer function pair is selected from a plurality of directional transfer functions and the updated directional transfer function pair is more closely associated with the updated target direction than the first directional transfer function pair; and processing the at least one ambient audio signal with the selected updated directional transfer function pair and processing the at least one other ambient audio signal with the second directional transfer function pair.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

07/19/18 / #20180206039

Capturing sound

An apparatus including a body, a plurality of microphones arranged in a predetermined geometry relative to the body such that the apparatus is configured to capture sound substantially from all directions around the body to produce direction and ambience information for the captured sound, and electronics for processing signals from the plurality of microphones.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

07/19/18 / #20180205962

Method and apparatus for encoding and decoding images

There are disclosed various methods and apparatuses for encoding an image. In some embodiments the method comprises obtaining a stripe comprising magnitude bits of two or more coefficients on at least one bit-plane and on another bit-plane, said coefficients representing an image or a part of the image. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

07/19/18 / #20180205933

Method for processing media content and technical equipment for the same

The invention relates to a method and apparatus for implementing the method. The method comprises receiving a first captured stream of an event from a first multicamera; providing on a head mounted display a presentation of the first captured stream; receiving at least a second captured stream of the event from at least a second multicamera, wherein the first and the second captured streams have been captured simultaneously from different perspectives of the event; switching the presentation of the first captured stream on the head mounted display to a presentation of the second captured stream, wherein the switching comprises rendering on the head mounted display a presentation of at least one view between the first and second multicameras, wherein the rendering depends on the intrinsic and extrinsic parameters of the at least two multicameras.. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

07/19/18 / #20180205545

Token based authentication

According to an example aspect of the present invention, there is provided an apparatus comprising a memory configured to store a first token and a second token, and at least one processing core configured to obtain a first value based at least in part on the first token and the second token, and to cause the apparatus to participate in a security procedure, based at least in part on the first hash, with a second apparatus.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

07/19/18 / #20180205440

Reference signal indications for massive mimo networks

A method is provided including transmitting a reference signal on a downlink beam to a ue; receiving from the ue a reference signal sequence; determining from the received reference signal sequence at least a preferred uplink beam to pair with the downlink beam; sending downlink signaling to the ue on at least the downlink beam; and receiving uplink signaling from the ue on at least the preferred uplink beam. A further method is provided including receiving a reference signal from a network on a downlink beam; selecting at least one preferred uplink beam to match the downlink beam; selecting a reference signal sequence that corresponds to the selected at least one preferred uplink beam; transmitting the selected reference signal sequence to the network; receiving downlink signaling from the network on at least the downlink beam; and transmitting uplink signaling to the network on the at least one preferred uplink beam.. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

07/19/18 / #20180204384

Mediated reality

A method comprising: displaying a background of a scene from a first point of view and a foreground of the scene from the first point of view; displaying a background of the scene from the first point of view and a modified foreground of the scene from the first point of view; displaying a background of a scene from a second point of view and a modified foreground; and displaying a background of a scene from the second point of view and a foreground of the scene from the second point of view.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

07/19/18 / #20180203663

Distributed audio capture and mixing control

Apparatus including: a locator configured to determine at least one media source location; a user interface configured to generate at least one user interface element associated with the at least one media source; the user interface further configured to receive at least one user interface input associated with the user interface element; a media source controller configured to manage control of at least one parameter associated with the determined at least one media source based on the at least one user interface input; and a media source processor configured to control media source processing based on the media source location estimates.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

07/19/18 / #20180203515

Monitoring

A method comprising: causing computer implementation of the at least one virtual boundary in a monitoring space corresponding to a monitored scene space; processing sensor data to recognize a first hand gesture, relating to a first hand of a user in the monitored scene space, relative to the at least one computer-implemented virtual boundary in the monitoring space and in response to recognizing the first hand gesture relative to the at least one computer-implemented virtual boundary causing browsing of a plurality of options and processing sensor data to recognize a second hand gesture, relating to a second hand of the user in the monitored scene space, relative to the at least one virtual boundary in the monitoring space and in response to recognizing the second hand gesture in the monitored scene space selecting one of the plurality of options.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

07/12/18 / #20180199228

User-plane enhancements supporting in-bearer sub-flow qos differentiation

Embodiments concern managing traffic in a radio device. While classifying user-plane packets from multiple applications according to quality of service requirements, a specific user-plane packet is classified as/determined to be a predetermined special-type packet (e.g., the special-type packets establish a new tcp/ip connection for a newly activated application). ... Nokia Technologies Oy

07/12/18 / #20180199137

Distributed audio microphone array and locator configuration

Apparatus including: a plurality of microphones arranged in a geometry around a first axis such that the apparatus is configured to capture sound from predetermined directions around the formed geometry; a locator configured to receive at least one remote location signal such that the apparatus may locate an audio source associated with a tag generating the remote location signal, the locator including an array of antenna elements, the antenna elements being arranged around the first axis; and a mount configured to mechanically couple the plurality of microphones and the locator.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

07/12/18 / #20180199051

Reference picture handling

A reference picture marking process and a reference picture list management process is handled in a unified reference picture marking and reference picture list management process. A new idle reference picture list may be used for handling reference pictures that are not used for reference in the current picture. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

07/12/18 / #20180198973

Transition from display of first camera information to display of second camera information

A method including receiving first camera information that is indicative of visual information from a first camera location, causing display of the first camera information, receiving second camera information that is indicative of visual information from a second camera location, identifying an object that is represented in the first camera information and represented in the second camera information, receiving an object selection input that designates a representation of the object from the first camera information, receiving an object movement input that is indicative of movement in relation to the object, determining that a direction of the object movement input is opposite to a direction from the first camera location to the second camera location, and causing transition from display of the first camera information to display of the second camera information is disclosed.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

07/12/18 / #20180198959

Audio and visual system including a mask functioning for a camera module and an audio transducer module

An audio and visual system and a wearable device that incorporates an audio and visual system are provided. The audio and visual system may include a camera sensor and a mask overlying the camera sensor and spaced therefrom so as to at least in part define a first cavity between the camera sensor and the mask. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

07/12/18 / #20180198782

Two-user authentication

According to an example aspect of the present invention, there is provided an apparatus comprising at least one processing core, at least one memory including computer program code, the at least one memory and the computer program code being configured to, with the at least one processing core, cause the apparatus at least to receive from a first device a digital key, receive from a second device an encrypted data item, decrypt the encrypted data item using the digital key to obtain a decrypted data item, and verify the decrypted data item matches a reference data item, and responsive to the decrypted data item matching the reference data item, grant access to at least one of the first device and the second device.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

07/12/18 / #20180198594

User device signal processing based on triggered reference signals for wireless networks

A technique is provided for receiving, by a user device from a base station, a control signal indicating that base station-triggered reference signals will be transmitted to the user device, and receiving, by the user device, the base station-triggered reference signals on a set of time-frequency resources in at least one physical downlink control channel (pdcch) search space.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

07/12/18 / #20180197015

Monitoring

A method comprising: recognizing a first two-handed gesture and a second two-handed gesture in a monitored scene space to at least partially define a shape and position of a computer-implemented virtual boundary in a corresponding monitoring space, wherein the first two-handed gesture in the monitored scene space specifies a first two points in the monitoring space and the second two-handed gesture in the monitored scene space specifies a second two points in the monitoring space; causing implementation of the computer-implemented virtual boundary in the monitoring space corresponding to the monitored scene space, wherein a shape and position of the computer-implemented virtual boundary is at least partially defined by the first two points in the monitoring space and the second two points in the monitoring space; and processing received data to generate a response event when there is a change in a portion of the monitored scene space relative to the computer-implemented virtual boundary in the corresponding monitoring space.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

07/12/18 / #20180196123

Discovery, announcement and assignment of position tracks

Embodiments herein relate to methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for discovery, announcement and assignment of position tracks. An example method includes: determining discovery information for discovery of position tracking channels for at least a first positioning system; transmitting the discovery information to the first positioning system; receiving a message from the first positioning system comprising information identifying a set of position tracking channels based on the discovery information, wherein each position tracking channel in the set is associated with a respective object tracked by the first positioning system; and associating at least a first position tracking channel of the set to at least one of: an audio stream, and a second position tracking channel from a second positioning system.. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

07/05/18 / #20180192249

Video region indicator that indicates that video content is available

A method comprising determining an interaction navigational location, causing display of a perspective image that depicts a view of a portion of map information from the interaction navigational location, causing display of a video region indicator that indicates that video content is available at a video navigational location, the video content depicting a view of a portion of the map information from the video navigational location, determining that the interaction navigational location has changed such the interaction navigational location corresponds with the video navigational location, and causing rendering of the video content based, at least in part, on the interaction navigational location corresponding with the video navigational location is disclosed.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

07/05/18 / #20180192189

Spatial audio apparatus

An apparatus comprising: an input configured to receive at least one audio signal from a further apparatus; an input configured to receive at least one audio signal associated with the apparatus; an orientation/location determiner configured to determine a relative orientation/location difference between the apparatus and the further apparatus; an audio processor configured to process the at least one audio signal from the further apparatus based on the relative orientation/location difference between the apparatus and the further apparatus; and a combiner configured to combine the at least one audio signal from the further apparatus having been processed and the at least one audio signal associated with the apparatus.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

07/05/18 / #20180191549

Apparatus and method for reusing existing constellation for superposed transmission

One embodiment is directed to a method comprising deciding to multiplex the data of at least two users within a super-constellation; determining the power split ratio among the at least two users; selecting a super-constellation; and based on the determined power split ratio, choosing a subset of the super-constellation points forming the superposition of modulation constellations of the at least two users.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

07/05/18 / #20180190854

Device for emitting and detecting photons and method of producing the same

A single device for emitting and detecting photons. The device comprises a semiconductive layer (3), active material (5), further dielectric layer (17) and overlying electrode (25). ... Nokia Technologies Oy

07/05/18 / #20180190300

Adapting a distributed audio recording for end user free viewpoint monitoring

An audio scene is captured in multiple audio channels by distributed microphones. Based on at least one of a viewpoint of a user and at least one preference of a user, two or more of those multiple audio channels are selected from among those multiple audio channels; those selected two or more audio channels are prioritized based on at least one of preferences of the user, requirements of a software application of a device operated by the user, and requirements of operating conditions of the device. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

07/05/18 / #20180190166

Control of selective actuation of a light filter array

A method including, in a standard display mode, causing display of a graphical element at a position on a see through display that includes a light projection display that overlays a light filtration array such that the light projection display projects the graphical element at the position on the see through display and the light filtration array filters ambient light at the position on the see through display, transitioning from the standard display mode to a low power display mode, causing termination of display of the graphical element on the see through display based on the low power display mode, determining that an event has occurred, generating a notification that signifies the event, and causing actuation of the light filtration array such that a plurality of light filtration cells of the light filtration array are selectively actuated in a pattern that depicts the notification is disclosed.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

07/05/18 / #20180190005

Audio processing

A method comprising: causing detection of a modification of a visual appearance of a portion of the visual scene; causing determination that the portion of the visual scene that has been modified is or includes a first portion of the visual scene that has a corresponding first sound object; causing modification of the first sound object to modify a spatial extent of the first sound object; and causing rendering of the visual scene and the corresponding sound scene including rendering of the modified portion of the visual scene in the visual scene and rendering of the modified first sound object with modified spatial extent in the corresponding sound scene.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

07/05/18 / #20180189928

Method and apparatus for determining and varying the panning speed of an image based on saliency

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided for varying panning speeds of images based on saliency such that 360-degree images, panoramic images, video images and/or other wide view area images may be efficiently displayed by varying the panning speed such that the user focuses on salient portions of the image. A panning speed is determined based on the currently displayed area and its saliency relative to the saliency of non-displayed or peripheral portions. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

07/05/18 / #20180189510

Method, apparatus and computer program product for controlling access to at least one or multiple images captured concurrently

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided to facilitate the concurrent capture of first and second images by a mobile terminal and the subsequent viewing or sharing of the images. In the context of a method, an indication is received that first and second images have been captured concurrently by the mobile terminal. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

07/05/18 / #20180188801

Content browsing

A method, apparatus and computer program is provided. The method comprises: causing display of a panoramic menu in which a first panoramic menu item and a second panoramic menu item are simultaneously displayed, wherein the first panoramic menu item extends beyond a user's field of view and is associated with first mediated reality content, and the second panoramic menu item extends beyond a user's field of view and is associated with second mediated reality content, different from the first mediated reality content.. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

07/05/18 / #20180188776

Apparatus and associated methods

An apparatus including: at least one processor, and at least one memory including computer program code, the at least one memory and the computer program code configured to, with the at least one processor, cause the apparatus to perform at least the following: in response to user input, disassociate the linking of the orientation of content with respect to the orientation of the display of a portable electronic device to retain the particular orientation of the content with respect to the orientation of the display during the user input.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

07/05/18 / #20180188540

Polychromatic light out-coupling apparatus, near-eye displays comprising the same, and method of out-coupling polychromatic light

The present invention provides an apparatus including a first out-coupling diffractive optical element and a second out-coupling diffractive optical element. Each of the first and second out-coupling diffractive optical elements includes a first region having a first repeated diffraction spacing, d1, and a second region adjacent to the first region having a second repeated diffraction spacing, d2, different from the first spacing, d1. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

06/28/18 / #20180184180

Media feed synchronisation

A method and apparatus are disclosed for recording, at a recording device, a media feed relating to a scene; receiving a series of wireless synchronisation messages at the recording device; recording a time stamp value with respect to each of the received messages indicating a time of receipt, and storing the time stamp values and the media feed. A method and apparatus are also disclosed for receiving, from each of a first and second recording device, a media feed recorded by the respective recording device and a series of time stamp values, wherein each time stamp value indicates a time of receipt of one of a series of wireless synchronisation messages at the respective recording device, and aligning the set of time stamp values received from a first recording device with the set of time stamp values received from a second recording device to synchronise the media feed received from the first recording device with the media feed received from the second recording device.. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

06/28/18 / #20180182146

Geographical location visual information overlay

A method including causing display of a first visual information that is a view from a first geographical location, receiving, by the apparatus, an indication of availability of a second visual information that is a view from a second geographical location, the second geographical location being in a first direction from the first geographical location, determining a position in the first visual information that corresponds with the first direction, and causing display of at least a portion of the second visual information such that the portion of the second visual information overlays the first visual information at the position in the first visual information is disclosed.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

06/28/18 / #20180182143

Method and apparatus for multi-band blending of a seam in an image derived from multiple cameras

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided to combine images captured by multiple cameras into a panoramic image, such as a 360° panorama, in a manner that reduces image defects and other artifacts at or near a seam between images. In some implementations of example embodiments, the overlapping portions of two images are decomposed into a predetermined number of bands. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

06/28/18 / #20180180728

Phasor approach to signal to noise ratio measurement evaluation of physiological signals

Various sensing systems may benefit from appropriate handling of signal to noise ratios. For example, detecting and measuring physiological signals may benefit from a phasor approach to signal to noise ratio measurement evaluation. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

06/28/18 / #20180177393

Wearable device for eye movement detection

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided for detecting eye movement with a wearable device attachable to an eyelid. The wearable device may include an arrangement of sensors, including any combination of piezoelectric sensors, accelerometers, and/or any other type of sensor. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

06/21/18 / #20180176968

Apparatus, methods and computer programs for establishing wireless connections

An apparatus, method and computer program wherein the apparatus comprises: processing circuitry; and memory circuitry including computer program code; the memory circuitry and the computer program code configured to, with the processing circuitry, cause the apparatus at least to perform; causing a service to be provided using a first user device and an accessory device wherein the accessory device is connected to the first user device via a wireless connection and wherein a plurality of user devices are registered to a user account; obtaining status information from the first user device; and determining a trigger event has occurred and in response to determining that a trigger event has occurred, enabling a second user device to establish a wireless connection to the accessory device wherein the second user device is registered to the user account.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

06/21/18 / #20180176964

Radio network temporary identifier generation

Various communication systems may benefit from improved network access. For example, communication systems may benefit from deriving a radio network temporary identification at both a user equipment and a base station, without requiring additional uplink signaling. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

06/21/18 / #20180176850

Support for minimization of service interruption with device-to-device based user-equipment-to-network relay

Various communication systems may benefit from minimization of service interruption. For example, certain wireless communication systems may benefit from support for minimization of service interruption with device-to-device-based user-equipment-to-network relay. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

06/21/18 / #20180176591

Apparatus, a method and a computer program for video coding and decoding

A method comprising encoding a bitstream comprising a base layer, a first enhancement layer and a second enhancement layer; encoding an indication of both the base layer and the first enhancement layer used for prediction for the second enhancement layer in the bitstream; encoding, in the bitstream, an indication of a first set of prediction types that is applicable from the base layer to the second enhancement layer, wherein the first set of prediction types is a subset of all prediction types available for prediction between layers, and encoding, in the bitstream, an indication of a second set of prediction types that is applicable from the base layer or the first enhancement layer to the second enhancement layer, wherein the second set of prediction types is a subset of all prediction types available for prediction between layers.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

06/21/18 / #20180176545

Virtual reality display

A method is disclosed, comprising providing image data from each of at least two multi-camera devices at different locations in a capture space, each multi-camera device including at least two cameras for capturing respective different images in the capture space, and providing first positional data indicating the respective fields-of-view of each camera of each multi-camera device. In addition, the method may comprise receiving second positional data from a user device indicating the position and orientation of the user device in a virtual space corresponding to the capture space, and selecting, based on the first and second positional data, at least one camera from each of at least two of the multi-camera devices. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

06/21/18 / #20180176467

Apparatus and associated methods for virtual reality image capture

A virtual reality image capture device self-righting monopod configured to support and be attached to a virtual reality image capture device, the virtual reality image capture device configured to capture a 360° field of view in an image capture plane; the virtual reality image capture device self-righting monopod configured to self-maintain a predetermined upright orientation parallel to the gravity vector by automatically applying a balancing force to counterbalance an unbalancing force acting to move the virtual reality image capture device self-righting monopod away from the upright orientation, the virtual reality image capture device self-righting monopod dimensioned to lie within a ground-facing blind spot of an attached virtual reality image capture device.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

06/21/18 / #20180176432

Fill lighting apparatus

An apparatus comprising a length of strip light populated with a plurality of light fixtures, the apparatus configured to be removably attachable to an imaging device; wherein, when the apparatus is attached to the imaging device: the apparatus surrounds the imaging device but does not occlude one or more cameras of the imaging device that are located about the imaging device, such that the apparatus and light emitted by the strip light do not obscure or distort a respective field of view of the one or more cameras; and the plurality of light fixtures of the strip light are controllable to selectively emit light into the environment that surrounds the imaging device.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

06/21/18 / #20180175973

Transmission of uplink control information in unlicensed spectrum

Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for the transmission of uplink (ul) control information via unlicensed spectrum are provided. One method includes dynamically allocating, by a network node, control channel resources for transmitting of uplink control information (uci). ... Nokia Technologies Oy

06/21/18 / #20180175888

Efficient encoding/decoding for multiple-input multiple-output operating with two codewords

Various communication systems may benefit from efficient encoding and decoding. For example, certain multiple-input multiple-output devices may benefit from efficient encoding and decoding while operating with two codewords. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

06/21/18 / #20180175217

Device for sensing radiation

The disclosed device for photodetection includes a first layer of a semiconducting material, a second layer of a two dimensional material, wherein the first and second layers are configured to form an electrical junction, the electrical junction having a potential energy barrier, and a third layer of a material configured to generate one or more excitons upon absorption of incident electromagnetic radiation. Charge separation from the one or more excitons generated in the third layer affects the fermi energy of the second layer, leading to a change of the potential energy barrier height of the electrical junction. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

06/21/18 / #20180174690

Systems, methods and apparatuses for estimating the stress valence of an individual from sensor data

Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for inferring the stress valence of an individual from sensor data are provided. One method includes collecting a first set of data from sensor(s) of user device(s), collecting a second set of data including a partial or complete ecological momentary assessment (ema) response from a user, establishing a set of physiological time-series data for the user based on the first set of data and the second set of data, identifying habit information of the user based on the first set of data. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

06/21/18 / #20180173400

Media content selection

An apparatus is configured to cause a display to present a graphical user interface having two or more regions that correspond to respective media content characteristics and to receive indication from an input arrangement of received input manipulating an attribute of at least one region of the two or more of the regions and determining a dominance of at least one of said respective characteristics based, at least in part, on said attribute. The apparatus is configured to output information identifying media content in which said at least one characteristic has a dominance within a respective range of dominance values, said range being based, at least in part, on the determined dominance. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

06/21/18 / #20180173265

Pull-down circuitry for an apparatus

Apparatus embodiments of the invention are disclosed for requesting power via a wired interface. In example embodiments, a pull-down circuit in the apparatus acting as a power consumer when there is no energy in the apparatus, is connected via a configuration line over a cable to a power provider device. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

06/21/18 / #20180172812

Determining distances

This document discloses a solution for determining distances. In the solution, a first frame is transmitted (200) to a second apparatus; a second frame is received (202) from the second apparatus, as response to the first frame; an indication of the duration between the reception time of the first frame and transmission of the second frame is received (204); an indication whether the duration is constant or variable is received (206); and in case the duration is constant, the distance between the first apparatus and the second apparatus is determined (208) based at least partly on the indication of the duration.. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

06/21/18 / #20180172652

An apparatus for detecting carbon monoxide

An apparatus including an oxidation cell configured to oxidize carbon monoxide to produce carbon dioxide; and a sensor configured to detect carbon dioxide produced by the oxidation cell.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

06/21/18 / #20180172628

An apparatus comprising a nanomembrane, and associated methods

An apparatus comprising a channel member(401), first and second electrodes (403, 404) configured to enable a flow of electrical current from the first electrode through the channel member to the second electrode, and a supporting substrate (402) configured to support the channel member and the first and second electrodes, wherein the channel member is separated from the supporting substrate by a nanomembrane (411) configured to facilitate the flow of electrical current through the channel member by inhibiting interactions between the channel member and supporting substrate. Possibly, a conductive shield layer (412) is present between the substrate and the nanomembrane, which may be a nanomembrane as well. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

06/21/18 / #20180168495

An apparatus comprising a light detector, a light source and optics

An apparatus comprising: a light detector; a light source, laterally offset from the light detector by a first lateral offset; optics configured to receive light emitted by the light source and output the received light, wherein a majority of the light output is directed towards an offset region laterally offset from the light detector by at least a second lateral offset different from the first lateral offset.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

06/14/18 / #20180167755

Distributed audio mixing

Systems and methods for distributed audio mixing are disclosed, comprising providing one or more predefined constellations, each constellation defining a spatial arrangement of points forming a shape or pattern and receiving positional data indicative of the spatial positions of a plurality of audio sources in a capture space. A correspondence may be identified between a subset of the audio sources and a constellation based on the relative spatial positions of audio sources in the subset. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

06/14/18 / #20180167634

Method and an apparatus and a computer program product for video encoding and decoding

The invention relates to a method comprising receiving stereoscopic visual data comprising at least one left view image and at least one right view image. An area of interest is determined at the stereoscopic visual data. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

06/14/18 / #20180167613

Method and an apparatus and a computer program product for video encoding and decoding

The invention relates to a method and technical equipment, wherein the method comprises obtaining a picture sequence; selecting a first spatial region and a second spatial region within a picture area of pictures of the picture sequence, the second spatial region differing from the first spatial region; obtaining a first spatial region sequence, the first spatial region sequence comprising the first spatial region of the pictures of the picture sequence; obtaining a second spatial region sequence, the second spatial region sequence comprising the second spatial region of the pictures of the picture sequence; transmitting the first spatial region sequence at a first picture rate; and transmitting the second spatial region sequence at a second picture rate, the first picture rate being different from the second picture rate.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

06/14/18 / #20180167209

Fibre-optic communication based on encoded frequency-shifted light

According to an example aspect, there is provided an apparatus comprising a fibre interface coupled, via a first waveguide, with at least one encoder, a controller configured to cause the at least one encoder to encode light received in the apparatus via the fibre interface with information, and to cause a frequency shift in the light, and wherein the apparatus is configured to cause the light to propagate back to the fibre interface.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

06/14/18 / #20180165514

Human-computer-interaction through scene space monitoring

A method including causing computer implementation of the at least one virtual boundary in a monitoring space corresponding to a monitored scene space; processing sensor data to generate a response event when there is, relative to the at least one virtual boundary, a change in a portion of the monitored scene space; recognizing a first hand gesture relating to a first hand of a user in the monitored scene space and in response to recognizing the first hand gesture in the monitored scene space in relation to a portion of the virtual boundary enabling user location of the portion of the implemented computer-implemented virtual boundary and recognizing a second hand gesture relating to a second hand of the user in the monitored scene space and in response to recognizing the second hand gesture in the monitored scene space performing a command relating to a user located portion of the computer-implemented virtual boundary.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

06/14/18 / #20180164978

Causing display of a three dimensional graphical user interface

An apparatus comprises at least one processor and at least one memory including computer program code, the at least one memory and the computer program code configured to, with the at least one processor, cause the apparatus to cause a view of a three-dimensional graphical user interface to be displayed on a touch-sensitive display, the three-dimensional graphical user interface comprising a three-dimensional arrangement of a plurality of graphical objects, each of the graphical objects, when displayed, having an associated display parameter, to identify at least one graphical object for which the associated display parameter satisfies a predetermined criterion, and to enable individual selectability in respect of the identified at least one graphical object, wherein each individually selectable graphical object is selectable with a touch input and wherein individually selecting a graphical object with a touch input causes an action to be performed in respect of the selected graphical object.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

06/14/18 / #20180164588

Rendering of a notification on a head mounted display

A method including determining occurrence of a virtual information region event, the virtual information region event indicating a change of information that is allocated to a virtual information region that is at least partially beyond a field of view of a head mounted display, the virtual information region having a virtual information region location that is in a direction from the field of view, causing rendering of a non-visual notification that is indicative of the direction from the field of view in response to the virtual information region event, receiving information indicative of a visual notification invocation input, determining a visual notification that is visually descriptive of at least one aspect of the virtual information region event in response to the visual notification invocation input, and causing display of the visual notification on the head mounted display is disclosed.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

06/14/18 / #20180164399

Causing performance of an active scan

This specification describes a method comprising determining an orientation of a first apparatus with respect to a second apparatus (s6.2) based on at least one radio frequency packet passed wirelessly between the first and second apparatuses, and causing performance of an active scan for the second apparatus or a third apparatus associated with the second apparatus (s6.5) only if it is determined that the orientation of the first apparatus with respect to the second apparatus satisfies at least one predetermined condition (s6.3).. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

06/14/18 / #20180160920

Health and fitness monitor for determining a minimum heart rate

Methods and apparatus, including computer program products, are provided for analyzing heart rate data for a fitness or health device. In some example embodiments, there may be provided an apparatus that includes at least one processor and at least one memory including program code which when executed configures the apparatus to at least: receive, from at least one heart rate sensor, a heart rate data set collected from a subject over at least one session; filter the heart rate data set to remove at least one heart rate value failing to satisfy a predetermined duration threshold; determine a minimum heart rate value from the filtered heart rate data; and provide the determined minimum heart rate. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

06/07/18 / #20180160463

Wireless control of devices

In accordance with an example aspect of the present invention, there is provided an apparatus comprising at least one receiver configured to obtain discovery information concerning a plurality of peripheral devices, at least one processing core configured to define a set of peripheral devices from among the plurality of peripheral devices, and to cause transmission, to a server, of device information concerning each peripheral device comprised in the set.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

06/07/18 / #20180160394

Data packet preparation

Disclosed in this specification is a method comprising inserting an anti-whitened data portion into a data packet that is to be whitened by whitening to yield a whitened data packet for transmission (44) from a first radio communications apparatus (30) to a second radio communications apparatus (10), the anti-whitened data portion having been determined based on anti-whitening data received (43) from the second radio communications apparatus (10) at the first radio communications apparatus, wherein the anti-whitened data portion is obtainable from a specific data block by anti-whitening, the anti-whitening compensating for the whitening so that the whitened data packet comprises the specific data block in non-whitened form.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

06/07/18 / #20180160225

Audio apparatus

An apparatus including an input configured to receive at least one first audio signal from a first apparatus; an input configured to receive at least one second audio signal from a second apparatus; a distance detector configured to determine a distance between the first and the second apparatus; and a level control generator configured to generate a level control for mixing the at least one first audio signal and the at least one second audio signal based on the distance between the first and the second apparatus.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

06/07/18 / #20180160156

A method, an apparatus, a computer program for video coding

There are disclosed various methods, apparatuses and computer program products for video encoding. In some embodiments a method comprises: obtaining a coded first image and a coded second image, wherein the coded second image depends on the coded first image; determining that, when displaying a decoded second image that is decoded from the coded second image, it is allowed to first display a decoded first image that is decoded from the coded first image; and in response to said determination: including the coded first image into a first image container file and including the coded second image into a second image container file; indicating, in a markup language code, that a first image container file and a second image container file are alternatives; and indicating, in the markup language code, that the second image container file depends on the first image container file.. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

06/07/18 / #20180159491

Narrowing audio filter transition band

An apparatus including a first audio filter; a first transducer connected to the first audio filter; and a first sound attenuator located relative to the first transducer to attenuate sound from the first transducer. The first audio filter includes a first transition frequency band. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

06/07/18 / #20180157406

Method and apparatus for providing a notification mechanism

A method for providing a notification mechanism may include causing provision of a notification bar at an edge of a touch screen display in response to an occurrence of an event where the notification bar provides information indicative of the event, enabling, responsive to user input, extension of the notification bar away from the edge of the touch screen display to display one or more levels of other notification classes in addition to the information indicative of the event, causing presentation of the notification bar to remain in an extended position away from the edge of the touch screen display so as to display one or more levels of notification classes upon cessation of the user input and causing, responsive to exposure of each level that has a subsequent level thereafter, an indication of existence of the subsequent level. A corresponding apparatus and computer program product are also provided.. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

06/07/18 / #20180157326

Tactile apparatus link

An apparatus comprising: an input module configured to determine an input characteristic; a signal generator configured to generate a signal dependent on the input characteristic; and an output module configured to provide the signal to one or more separate apparatus, wherein the signal is configured to generate a tactile output.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

05/31/18 / #20180152892

Method and apparatus for providing efficient discontinuous communication

An approach is provided for receiving and transmitting data over a wireless network, while minimizing power consumption. A determination is made, as part of a discontinuous communication mechanism defining an on-period for permitting transmission of data over a network, whether a resource allocation has been made to a user equipment for communicating over the network. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

05/31/18 / #20180152828

Method, apparatus and computer program product for service discovery proxy for wireless communication

A method comprises composing, by a wireless device in a wireless network, a service id indicating support for providing proxy service discovery for other wireless devices operating in the wireless network; and transmitting, by the wireless device, a wireless service discovery frame to the wireless network, the service discovery frame including the composed service id.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

05/31/18 / #20180150275

Augmented reality mixing for distributed audio capture

A method including determining and tracking a position of an observed sound source to an observation point at an audio monitoring device; determining an identifier for the observed sound source based upon the determined and tracked position of the observed sound source; receiving distributed audio capture application signals at the audio monitoring device, where the distributed audio capture application signals include at least one audio mixing parameter for individual audio object channels and identifiers for respective audio objects of the individual audio object channels; and associating a first one of the individual audio object channels with the observed sound source based upon the received identifier of the first individual audio object channel and the determined identifier.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

05/31/18 / #20180149869

Apparatus and method for near eye display

Examples of the present disclosure relate to an apparatus and method for near eye display. In some examples, there is provided an apparatus configured for use in a near eye display, the apparatus including: means configured to provide stenopeic viewing; and means configured to reflect an image to a user's eye.. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

05/31/18 / #20180149490

Method, apparatus, and computer program product for providing access to a media item based at least in part on a route

An apparatus for providing access to a media item based at least in part on a route may include a processor. The processor may be configured to receive a start location of a mobile device. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

05/31/18 / #20180147345

Method and apparatus for infusion therapy control

A joining unit (400) for controlling a connection between an infusion pump (200) and a cannula (310) is described. The joining unit has a connection detector for detecting whether an infusion pump is connected to a cannula. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

05/24/18 / #20180146446

Position stream session negotiation for spatial audio applications

Embodiments herein relate to methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for position stream session negotiation. An example method includes: transmitting, to a positioning system, a message for initiating a positional data stream associated with at least one audio source, the message comprising one or more requirements for positional characteristics of the positional data stream; receive a response from the positioning system comprising an indication of one or more of the positional characteristics that are supported by the positioning system for the at least one audio source; and initiating the position data stream with the positioning system based on the received response.. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

05/24/18 / #20180146316

Spatial rendering of a message

A method comprising: causing targeting of a message to a first sub-set of users that receive messages, wherein the message is not targeted to a second sub-set of users that receive messages; and causing different spatial rendering of the message to the first sub-set of users compared to the second sub-set of users.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

05/24/18 / #20180146225

A method, an apparatus, a computer program for video coding

There are disclosed various methods, apparatuses and computer program products for video encoding. In some embodiments a method comprises including two or more entities into a container file, wherein each entity is a media item or a media track; and indicating in one of the following: the container file or a description of the container file; that the two or more entities are playable in the order they appear in the container file to achieve progressive refinement. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

05/24/18 / #20180146207

Motion prediction in video coding

There is disclosed apparatuses, methods and computer programs for utilizing motion prediction in video coding. A block of pixels of a video representation encoded in a bitstream is read, and a type of the block is determined. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

05/24/18 / #20180145204

Device for direct x-ray detection

A device for direct x-ray detection (516) comprises a plurality of substantially parallel conductive channels (501) separated from one another by a quantum dot material (510), thereby forming a composite material layer (517). The parallel conductive channels (501) are electrically connected to source and drain electrodes (503 504a) which enable a flow of electrical current through the conductive channels (501). ... Nokia Technologies Oy

05/24/18 / #20180143804

Method and apparatus for an interactive user interface

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided to facilitate user interaction with, such as modification of, respective audio objects. An example method may include causing a multimedia file to be presented that includes at least two images. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

05/24/18 / #20180143694

Mediated reality

A method comprising: enabling viewing by a user of a virtual scene of a virtual space; mapping a three-dimensional gesture of the user to a corresponding three-dimensional gesture in the virtual space; and in response to determining that the corresponding three-dimensional gesture in a virtual space is a first predetermined gesture or predetermined gestures in relation to a first portion of the virtual space, analyzing the virtual space over time to detect an event in the virtual space relating to the first portion of the virtual space.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

05/24/18 / #20180143437

Optical apparatus and method

An apparatus and a method are provided. An apparatus, including a first display arrangement; an exit pupil expanding light guide arrangement including an in-coupling region and an out-coupling region, the in-coupling region being configured to in-couple first light from the first display arrangement, and the out-coupling region being configured to out-couple the first light towards a user; and a second display arrangement arranged to transmit second light, through the exit pupil expanding light guide arrangement at the out-coupling region, towards the user.. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

05/24/18 / #20180143423

Electronic circuitry for a valve for the transfer of an optically-active fluid from a first to a second reservoir

A transfer circuitry, e.g. In a display system, electrically generating a transfer-gradient along which an optically-active fluid is transferred via a valve from a first reservoir to a second reservoir and a valve-control circuitry providing a voltage to change the valve's shape from a first shape when it is closed to a second shape when it is open.. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

05/24/18 / #20180143160

An apparatus and method for providing a time varying voltage

An apparatus and method wherein the apparatus comprises: includes a channel; at least one pair of electrodes provided within sides of the channel; an electrolyte configured to move through the channel such that when the electrolyte is positioned between the at least one pair of electrodes the electrolyte provides a current path between the at least one pair of electrodes; and wherein the at least one pair of electrodes are configured such that movement of the electrolyte through the channel enables a time varying voltage to be provided.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

05/24/18 / #20180143159

An apparatus and method for providing a time varying voltage

An apparatus and method, the apparatus including a channel; at least one pair of electrodes provided within sides of the channel; a conductor configured to move through the channel such that when the conductor is positioned between the at least one pair of electrodes a current path is provided through the at least one pair of electrodes and the conductor; and wherein the at least one pair of electrodes are configured such that the position of the conductor within the channel controls the length of the current path and enables a time varying voltage to be provided.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

05/17/18 / #20180139667

Minimization of service interruption during relay reselection in device-to-device (d2d) based user equipment (ue)-to-network relay

Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for minimizing service interruption during relay reselection in d2d based ue-to-network relay are provided.. . ... Nokia Technologies Oy

05/17/18 / #20180139636

Averaged end-user throughput evaluation

Methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for measuring throughput as a measure of performance and/or quality of service are provided. One method comprises, over an observation period for at least one of an uplink direction and a downlink direction, measuring an amount of padding bits in each protocol data unit (pdu) that is successfully transmitted in the said direction and that carries data relevant to a given throughput measure. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

05/17/18 / #20180139562

Distributed audio mixing

A method is disclosed, which comprises receiving a plurality of audio signals representing audio from respective audio sources in a space; defining for each audio source a spatial audio field indicative of the propagation of its audio signals within the space. For a first audio source is defined a restricted zone within its spatial audio field. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

05/17/18 / #20180139469

An apparatus, a method and a computer program for video coding and decoding

A method for motion compensated prediction of a video frame or slice that is bi-directionally encoded, the method comprising creating a first intermediate forward motion compensated sample prediction lo and a second intermediate backward motion compensated sample prediction l1; identifying one or more subsets of samples based on the difference between lo and l1 predictions; and determining a motion compensation process to be applied at least on said one or more subsets of samples to compensate for the difference. For example, bi-directional prediction (b) is not used for samples (4, 5) for which the difference is larger than a predefined threshold.. ... Nokia Technologies Oy

05/17/18 / #20180139289

Mechanism for executing server discovery

A mechanism to ensure that the same server/proxy is selected by different server/proxy discovery mechanisms executed in a network control element and a terminal equipment, respectively. A first selection of a server/proxy is executed by a network control element on the basis of a first discovery procedure. ... Nokia Technologies Oy








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