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Nokia patents (2016 archive)


Recent patent applications related to Nokia. Nokia is listed as an Agent/Assignee. Note: Nokia may have other listings under different names/spellings. We're not affiliated with Nokia, we're just tracking patents.

ARCHIVE: New 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 | Company Directory "N" | Nokia-related inventors


Method and apparatus for detection of synchronization signals in wireless networks

Various communication systems may benefit from an accurate cell detection method. The method may include determining at least one first correlation value between a first sequence of received samples and at least one pre-defined sequence, determining at least one second correlation value between a second sequence of received samples at a predetermined distance and the at least one pre-defined sequence, wherein the predetermined distance is substantially more than one symbol and substantially less than two symbols, performing summing of at least the at least one first correlation value and the at least one second correlation value to obtain at least one summed correlation value and detecting whether at least one peak exists by comparing the at least one summed correlation value with a detection threshold.. ... Nokia

Access point information for wireless access

An apparatus (121) including a connectivity management unit (350) configured to provide wireless network access; a local secure storage (330) configured to securely store access point information; and a processor (240) configured to control the local secure storage to selectively provide a subset of the access point information to the connectivity management unit of the apparatus.. . ... Nokia

A method, an apparatus and a computer program product for video coding and decoding

There are disclosed various methods, apparatuses and computer program products for video encoding and decoding. In some embodiments information on bit-depth of a reference block of an image on a first layer and bit-depth of a current block of an image on a second layer is obtained. ... Nokia

Method, apparatus, and computer program product for predictive customizations in self and neighborhood videos

A method, apparatus, and computer program product are provided for enhanced customization for smart video rendering of high resolution immersive content on devices with lower resolution displays. A method is provided that includes receiving first instance default region of interest data for a first instance of content; receiving first instance region of interest customization interaction data for the first instance of the content; receiving second instance default region of interest data for a second instance of the content; determining customization similarity detection for the second instance of the content based on the first instance default region of interest data, the first instance region of interest customization interaction data, and the second instance default region of interest data; generating predicted customized region of interest data for the second instance of the content; and providing an indication of the predicted customized region of interest data.. ... Nokia

Media device and method of enhancing use of media device

A method of enhancing the use of a media device and a media device are provided. The media device receives a broadcast media stream transmitted by a broadcast system, a service transmitted by a telecommunication system, the service being associated with a broadcast media stream and program guide information relating to a broadcast media stream. ... Nokia

Method, apparatus, computer program and system for image analysis

Examples of the present disclosure relate to a method, apparatus, computer program and system for image analysis. According to certain examples, there is provided method comprising causing, at least in part, actions that result in: receiving orientation information of an image capturing device; receiving one or more features detected from an image captured by the image capturing device; and selecting a clustering model for clustering the features, wherein the clustering model is selected, at least in part, in dependence upon the orientation information.. ... Nokia

Display of information on a head mounted display

A method comprising precluding display of information on a head mounted display worn by a user, receiving information indicative of an eye orientation of the user, receiving information indicative of a head orientation of the user, determining that a difference between the eye orientation and a centered eye orientation exceeds a threshold eye orientation difference, determining that a difference between the head orientation and an anatomical position head orientation exceeds a threshold head orientation difference, and causing display of a representation of information on the head mounted display based, at least in part, on the determination that the eye orientation exceeds the threshold eye orientation difference from the centered eye orientation and the determination that the head orientation exceeds the threshold head orientation difference from the anatomical position head orientation is disclosed.. . ... Nokia

Ultra-reliable communication reliability and detection in mobile networks

Methods and apparatus, including computer program products, are provided for ultra-reliable communications. In one aspect there is provided a method, which may include receiving, by a first user equipment, a reliability estimate for a communication link before the communication link is at least one of used or established between the first user equipment at a first location and a second user equipment at a second location; and at least one of using or establishing the communication link, when the received reliability estimate exceeds a threshold reliability. ... Nokia

Binaural audio reproduction

A method including providing an input audio signal in a first path and applying an interpolated head-related transfer function (hrtf) pair based upon a direction to generate direction dependent first left and right signals in the first path; providing the input audio signal in a second path, where the second path includes a plurality of filters and a respective amplifier for each filter, where the amplifiers are configured to be adjusted based upon the direction, and applying to an output from each of the filters a respective head-related transfer function (hrtf) pair to generate direction dependent second left and right signals for each filter in the second path; and combining the generated left signals to form a left output signal for a sound reproduction, and combining the generated right signals to form a right output signal for the sound reproduction.. . ... Nokia

Method, apparatus, and computer program product for storage of dynamically derived images in an image container

A method, apparatus, and computer program product are provided for storing and generating dynamic derived images. A method of generating an image container file is provided that includes generating a first derived image item in which an image operation is defined using a general-purpose scripting format, wherein the image operation inputs one or more input images using a first pre-defined means of the general-purpose scripting format and provides an output image using a second pre-defined means of the general-purpose scripting format; and storing the first derived image item into the image container file. ... Nokia

Content delivery

A method, apparatus and computer program code are provided. The method comprises: monitoring a viewer's gaze direction towards a first display while the first display is displaying primary visual content and secondary visual content; determining that the viewer's gaze is directed towards the secondary visual content displayed by the first display; and causing the secondary visual content to be expanded by a second display, different from the first display.. ... Nokia

Method and apparatus for providing time-of-flight calculations using distributed light sources

An approach is provided for acquiring both depth and surface normal of an object using a time-of-flight sensor with multiple distributed light sources. The approach involves causing, at least in part, at least one sequential illumination of at least one object by a plurality of distributed light sources associated with a time-of-flight sensor. ... Nokia

Establishing and maintenance of a neighbour relationship between access nodes in a wireless communications network

A method of establishing a relationship between access nodes in a wireless communications network is provided. An access node is registered with the network. ... Nokia

Method and apparatus for ad-hoc peer-to-peer augmented reality environment

Methods and apparatuses are provided for providing augmented reality client application content to be enabled for one or more nodes. A method may include specifying a bounded area of a mesh network and associating content with the bounded area. ... Nokia

12/15/16 / #20160366150

Group user experience

Disclosed is a method, system and computer programs to provide emergent behavior in a network of connected mobile user devices. The method includes advertising with a mobile wireless communication device to other mobile wireless communication devices a vector list that includes at least mobile wireless communication device specific vectors and mobile wireless communication device user specific vectors. ... Nokia

12/15/16 / #20160366027

Generating function model based on operator objectives

It is provided a method, comprising requesting a function model based on a received objective for a network; checking if a function model is received in response to the request for the function model; setting, if the function model is received, a policy function according to the received function model.. . ... Nokia

12/15/16 / #20160366009

Methods and apparatus for radio access network resource management

Systems and techniques for managing interaction between a network operator and entities managing resources and instances in a virtual radio access network. A radio access network resource manager comprises a database mapping cells to resources and instances associated with the cells, and one or more interfaces between the network operator and the entities managing resources and instances. ... Nokia

12/15/16 / #20160364917

Structure preserved point cloud simplification

Systems, methods, and apparatuses are disclosed for simplifying a point cloud. A point cloud is received where the point cloud has a plurality of points, a global spatial structure, and a local point density. ... Nokia

12/08/16 / #20160360544

Methods and apparatus for scheduling assignment design for device to device communications

Systems and techniques for resource allocation for scheduling assignment. A scheduling assignment is transmitted and/or received using resources that are divided into first and second scheduling assignment resources. ... Nokia

12/08/16 / #20160360439

Facilitating in-bearer qos differentiation in multi-connectivity 5g networks

Various communication systems may benefit from a high quality of service (qos). For example, fifth generation (5g) wireless communication systems may benefit from differentiated service flows in the user plane that may impact a core network. ... Nokia

12/08/16 / #20160358439

Method and apparatus for tamper detection

An apparatus secured to a device includes a fastener, an adhesive secured to the fastener, an electric circuit configured to measure a property, a memory configured to store the property, and at least one key to access the stored property, wherein the apparatus is configured to detect an unauthorized opening of the device.. . ... Nokia

12/08/16 / #20160356600

Crowd-sourced interaction of browsing behavior in a 3d map

Methods and apparatus, including computer program products, are provided for mapping. In one aspect there is provided a method which may include sampling a position and a viewpoint of a three-dimensional map view presented at a browser while traversing the three-dimensional map; sending to a database a query including the sampled position and the sampled viewpoint; and receiving, in response to the sent query, a recommended browsing path including a recommended position and a recommended viewpoint for traversing the three-dimensional map presented at the browser. ... Nokia

12/01/16 / #20160353466

Half-duplex communication in a network

According to an example implementation, a wireless communication in which user devices belonging to a service group use a first half-duplex time domain resource for sending and receiving messages in the service group and a second time domain resource is used for relaying collided messages.. . ... Nokia

12/01/16 / #20160353448

Load control system for device to device discovery signal transmissions

Various communication systems may benefit from load control. For example, systems that employ device-to-device discovery signal transmissions may benefit from such load control. ... Nokia

12/01/16 / #20160353335

Method for srvcc solution

In the area of mobile telecommunications, the performance of single radio voice call continuity (srvcc) can be enhanced so as to provide video single radio voice call continuity (vsrvcc). Particularly, srvcc/vsrvcc procedures can be configured for more efficient use of radio resources. ... Nokia

12/01/16 / #20160353325

Load balanced gateway selection in lte communications

A method is disclosed for selecting a gateway node in a lte communications system for balancing the load among the gateway nodes (e. G., p-gw, s-gw), and comprising modifying a mobility management entity, mme, local configuration based on load statistics information; and selecting a gateway node (pgw1, pgw2, pgw3) based on the modified mobility management entity local configuration. ... Nokia

12/01/16 / #20160353303

Inter-operability test indication for uplink-downlink configuration combinations for primary cell and secondary cell for wireless networks using carrier aggregation

A technique is provided to control transmitting, by a mobile station (ms) that uses carrier aggregation, a message including an interoperability test (iot) indication for one or more uplink-downlink (ul-dl) configuration combinations of time-division-duplex (tdd) radio frames for use by a primary cell and a secondary cell. In one example implementation, an iot indication may be provided for one or more (or each) uplink-downlink configuration combinations (e.g., one iot indication per ul-dl configuration combination). ... Nokia

12/01/16 / #20160353269

Method, apparatus, and computer program product for service discovery proxy for wireless communication

A method comprises composing, by a wireless device in a wireless network, a service id indicating support for providing proxy service discovery for other wireless devices operating in the wireless network; and transmitting, by the wireless device, a wireless service discovery frame to the wireless network, the service discovery frame including the composed service id.. . ... Nokia

12/01/16 / #20160352024

Antenna arrangement for orthogonally polarized omnidirectional transmission

There is provided an antenna arrangement including at least two conductive sheet arranged around at least one ground plane for transmitting radio signals from feeder cables on a transmission frequency band such that the antenna arrangement has a substantially omnidirectional radiation pattern and the antenna arrangement is configured to polarize the radio signals from a first feeder cable horizontally in a first radiation direction of the radiation pattern, polarize the radio signals from a second feeder cable vertically in a second radiation direction of the radiation pattern, polarize the radio signals from the first feeder cable and from the second feeder cable non-linearly in other radiation directions, whereby the non-linearly polarized radio signals from the first feeder cable and the second feeder cable are substantially orthogonal.. . ... Nokia

12/01/16 / #20160351191

Determination of an operational directive based at least in part on a spatial audio property

A method comprising receiving audio information by way of a plurality of microphones comprised by an apparatus, determining at least one spatial audio property of the audio information in relation to the apparatus, determining an operational directive based, at least in part, on the spatial audio property, and performing one or more operations in conformance with the operational directive is apparatus. . ... Nokia

12/01/16 / #20160350816

Advertising middleware

A method and system for facilitating interaction with one or more advertisement functionalities is provided. An advertisement middleware provides advertisement functionalities for interfacing with one or more systems and components of an underlying device. ... Nokia

12/01/16 / #20160349851

An apparatus and associated methods for controlling content on a display user interface

An apparatus comprising: at least one processor; and at least one memory including computer program code, the at least one memory and the computer program code configured to, with the at least one processor, cause the apparatus to perform at least the following: based on a detected inclination of a hand gesture relative to a display screen displaying content, split the display screen into a first portion displaying the content and a second portion.. . ... Nokia

11/24/16 / #20160345381

Methods and apparatuses for transfer of dedicated channel resources

Apparatuses and methods for communication are provided. The solution may include determining the possibility of releasing at least part of the dedicated channel resources used for direct device-to-device communication with a group of user terminals; selecting, from the group, at least one user terminal to which the at least part of the channel resources are transferred; and controlling the transmission of a transfer message to the group of user terminals, the message indicating the at least one user terminal the at least part of the dedicated channel resources are transferred to.. ... Nokia

11/24/16 / #20160345374

Device to device discovery resource allocation

Various communication systems may benefit from techniques and systems for resource allocation. For example, communication systems of the third generation partnership project may benefit from device to device discovery resource allocation methods and systems. ... Nokia

11/24/16 / #20160345214

Configuration of handovers in communication systems

Apparatus and method for communication are provided. The solution includes obtaining information of handovers to be performed regarding more than one user equipment connected to the apparatus; requesting the user equipment to form one or more device-to-device clusters; and controlling handovers to be performed utilising information on the formed device-to-device clusters.. ... Nokia

11/24/16 / #20160345209

Uplink data transfer

A method including transmitting an uplink access request message by a user device (ud) for an access point (ap) in an access point cluster set of the ud; and monitoring a downlink control channel by the user device (ud) to determine, based at least partially upon the transmitted uplink access request message, if a subsequent uplink communication is to be transmitted by the user device (ud) to a serving access point and/or a stand-by access point of the access point cluster set.. . ... Nokia

11/24/16 / #20160345183

Determining an adjustment of a tilt angle for an antenna serving a vertically sectorized cell of a radio network

There is provided a method and an apparatus for determining an adjustment of a tilt angle (α1, α2) for a beam emitted from an antenna (130) of a base station (100) which is serving a vertically sectorized cell (150) of a cellular radio telecommunication network. The method comprises (a) configuring user equipments (162, 164) being located in the vertically sectorized cell (150) with dedicated measurements, (b) collecting the dedicated measurements for a specific time interval, (c) obtaining a spatial user equipment distribution among a first sector (152) of the cell (150) and a second sector (154) of the cell (150) based on the collected dedicated measurements, (d) ascertaining an optimized spatial overlap region between the first sector (152) and the second sector (154) based on the obtained spatial user equipment distribution, and (e) determining the adjustment of the tilt angle (α1, α2) based on the ascertained optimized spatial overlap region.. ... Nokia

11/24/16 / #20160345179

Method and apparatus for securing timing packets over untrusted packet transport network

Methods, devices, systems, techniques, and computer program products are provided to secure timing synchronization to network nodes connected over an inherently insecure best effort public network with mechanisms to improve accuracy of timing protocols such as a statistically estimated edge timestamp offset encoded into the timing message to account for network jitter and processing latency variances incurred due to the security packet processing and encryption; to ensure slave network nodes shall only accept timing messages from trusted timing sources; to establish a secure tunnel with a trusted timing source for exchange of timing packets; to provide authentication and security for timing packets over the insecure public network; and to enhance message anonymity with variable payload padding.. . ... Nokia

11/24/16 / #20160345092

Audio capture apparatus

An apparatus comprising: an audio signal analyser configured to analyse at least one audio signal to determine at least one audio component with an associated orientation parameter; a reference definer configured to define at least one of: a reference orientation for an apparatus; and a reference position for the apparatus; a directional determiner configured to determine a direction value based on the reference orientation/position for the apparatus and at least one of: an orientation of the apparatus; a position of the apparatus; an orientation of a further apparatus co-operating with the apparatus; and a position of the further apparatus; and a directional processor configured to process at least one associated directional parameter for the at least one audio component dependent on the direction value.. . ... Nokia

11/24/16 / #20160345088

Controllably actuable fabric and associated method and apparatus for controlling the fabric

A fabric is provided to facilitate the capture of audible signals by a microphone of the fabric. The fabric includes a fabric material and a microphone positioned proximate to the fabric material. ... Nokia

11/24/16 / #20160344939

Provision of target specific information

The invention concerns an electronic device (10) for providing information (pub_info, person1_info) concerning one or more targets (pub, person1), relative to which target the device is to be aligned in a set manner, and in connection with which device are arranged—at least one source (gps, bm, comp, ts, mem) of first information (x, y, alt, odevice, imsi_10.0), including at least a source of position and orientation information, in order to define the position of the device and the target, or for positioning the target and—aiming means (cam, disp) for aligning the target relative to the device in a set manner, and in connection with which device, second information relating to the target can be arranged, which second information is arranged, in connection with the application of the aiming means, to be brought to the attention of the user by means of the device. The aiming means consist camera and viewfinder means (cam, disp).. ... Nokia

11/24/16 / #20160344714

Key distribution in a wireless system

Distribution of a key in a wireless system comprising at least one mobile device is disclosed. Data regarding relative rotation between devices in optical data communications for key distribution is determined. ... Nokia

11/24/16 / #20160344640

Service scaling in communications

A method is disclosed for downscaling a deep packet inspection service in a network apparatus. The method comprises receiving data flow in a gateway virtual machine via a software defined networking switch, and keeping track of data flow and control flow and their state per subscriber. ... Nokia

11/24/16 / #20160344637

Service offloading in communications

A method is disclosed for service offloading in a communications system, the method comprising determining, in a network apparatus, whether a traffic flow has been properly classified by a deep packet inspection virtual machine. If the traffic flow has been properly classified by the deep packet inspection virtual machine, the method comprises instructing a software defined networking controller to stop sending further packets of said traffic flow to the deep packet inspection virtual machine.. ... Nokia

11/24/16 / #20160344587

Controlling of communication network comprising virtualized network functions

A method comprising determining that at least one virtualized network function providing services related to a communication network is to be de-instantiated, preparing an indication related to the de-instantiation of the at least one virtualized network function, and causing transmission of the prepared indication to at least one of a network element of the communication network, a network function of the communication network and a database to which network elements or network functions of the communication network have access.. . ... Nokia

11/24/16 / #20160344483

Antenna calibration in communications

A method is disclosed for antenna calibration in communications, the method co icing creating an uplink calibration signal for active antenna or antenna array uplink calibration, at a baseband part of a transmitter directly to a selected duplex spacing or another specified spacing from a transmission signal inside a baseband output sampling rate spectrum of the transmitter. Measurements are carried out on the uplink calibration signal. ... Nokia

11/24/16 / #20160344104

Antenna structure

There is provided an antenna structure including a plane being substantially dielectric; a first radiator element being planar and electrically conductive, wherein the first radiator element is arranged on one side of the plane; a second radiator element being planar and electrically conductive, wherein the second radiator element is arranged on an opposite side of the plane compared with the first radiator element; a plurality of lead-trough elements penetrating through the plane and galvanically coupling the first and second radiator elements to each other, in order to form an antenna radiator, wherein the antenna radiator is arranged to radiate electromagnetic energy in accordance with an electrical input signal; and a signal feed element electrically coupled to the antenna radiator, wherein the signal feed element is arranged to transfer the electrical input signal to the antenna radiator.. . ... Nokia

11/24/16 / #20160344096

Wireless portable electronic device having a conductive body that functions as a radiator

An apparatus, such as a wireless portable electronic device, is provided that includes a body formed of a conductive material. The body defines an internal cavity and an opening. ... Nokia

11/24/16 / #20160342596

Method and apparatus to obtain differential location information

In accordance with an example embodiment of the invention there is at least a method and apparatus to perform operations including determining, by a media recording device, a differential location sample identifying a current location in time associated with the media recording device relative to a reference location; and at least one of storing and transmitting, by the media recording device, the differential location sample in an audio-visual media file. In accordance with another example embodiment of the invention there is at least a method and apparatus to perform operations including receiving and parsing, by a parser device, a plurality of differential location samples of an audio-visual media file to identify an absolute location of a media recording device.. ... Nokia

11/24/16 / #20160342595

Systems and methods for spatial thumbnails and companion maps for media objects

Under one aspect, a computer-implemented method of displaying information about a media object, the media object being associated with location-related content corresponding to a location, includes receiving a request to display a representation of the media object; in response to the request, obtaining a summary of the media object; in response to the request, obtaining a spatial thumbnail of the media object, the spatial thumbnail comprising an image of a spatial domain encompassing the location; and simultaneously displaying both the summary of the media object and the spatial thumbnail on a visual display.. . ... Nokia

11/24/16 / #20160342584

Method and apparatus for social relation analysis and management

An approach is provided for analyzing social relation in an aspect of polarity. A method comprises collecting data associated with interactions between a first user and a second user in a social network; and estimating a polarity of a social relation between the first user and the second user based on the collected data, to indicate whether the social relation between the first user and the second user is positive, negative, or neutral.. ... Nokia

11/24/16 / #20160341968

Sensor data conveyance

According to an example aspect, there is provided an apparatus comprising at least one processing core, at least one memory including computer program code, the at least one memory and the computer program code being configured to, with the at least one processing core, cause the apparatus at least to obtain, using a first image recognition or depth sensing mechanism, first information defining an input space, obtain, using the first or a second image recognition or depth sensing mechanism, second information defining a virtual output area, and cause rendering of sensor information captured from the input space into the virtual output area. . ... Nokia

11/24/16 / #20160338602

Device and method for measuring arterial signals

A device (100) for measuring arterial (107) signals, and especially pulse wave velocity, comprises a sensor array comprising a plurality of sensors (101-04) for detecting arterial signals and providing corresponding measuring data. A signal detecting means (106) is used for detecting signal strength of each of said sensors (101-104) separately based on said measuring data of each sensor. ... Nokia

11/17/16 / #20160338087

Backhaul scheduling in multi-hop system

Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for backhaul scheduling in a multi-hop network are provided. One method includes providing, in the multi-hop network, an uplink control portion and a downlink control portion and a data portion in a slot. ... Nokia

11/17/16 / #20160338040

Efficient uplink data indication techniques for mimo-ofdma transmission in wlan

Uplink data indication transmission(s) are received over a subband and over ofdm symbol(s) from sta(s) in a wireless communication system. The received uplink data indication transmission(s) are decoded to determine a unique codeword for each of the sta(s). ... Nokia

11/17/16 / #20160338019

Unlicensed band transmission

Methods and apparatus, including computer program products, are provided for unlicensed transmission. In one aspect there is provided a method. ... Nokia

11/17/16 / #20160338004

Methods, apparatuses and computer program products for service based mobility management

According to methods for service based mobility management, a map between a plurality of service classes and/or message types and a plurality of predetermined contents of data packets is acquired (s101, s201, s301). A service class and/or message type is detected for an incoming request message (s102). ... Nokia

11/17/16 / #20160337955

Overlay implementation of ims centralized service network system with selection of serving network entity within a pool

In a mobile communication networks system supporting ip multimedia subsystem, ims, centralized services, there are provided measures for enabling/realizing an overlay implementation of a ims centralized service network system taking into account a pool of network entities with different ims centralized services capabilities. Such measures based on a ims centralized-services applicability for a terminal requesting attachment and an ims centralized-services capability of at least one switching entity out of a pool of switching entities which are configured to control radio resources for a same radio network area. ... Nokia

11/17/16 / #20160337943

Device-to-device communicaton

There is provided an improved solution for performing beacon broadcasting in a device-to-device communication network. The solution comprises selecting, by a node capable of entering a device-to-device communication network, a channel for broadcasting wherein the selection is based on at least one of the following: the characteristics of the node and the state of the node; and causing a broadcast of information related to at least part of the properties of the node on the selected channel.. ... Nokia

11/17/16 / #20160337936

Device-to-device based user equipment to network relay

In accordance with an example embodiment of the present invention, an apparatus comprising: at least one processor; and at least one memory including computer program code, wherein the at least one memory and the computer program code are configured to, with the at least one processor, cause the apparatus to perform at least the following: generate or receive a message comprising relay capability information, and transmit or forward the message to a device to device group.. . ... Nokia

11/17/16 / #20160337929

Method and apparatus for facilitating an access network change

Methods, apparatus and computer program products are provided for facilitating smooth access network change. An example method for use in an access point or station may comprise receiving threshold values related to a particular parameter in a first access network and a second access network, respectively, causing measurement of a current value of the particular parameter in the first access network and the second access network, in an instance in which a condition exists where the thresholds are satisfied, determining if the condition is met for a predetermined amount of time, and in an instance in which the condition is met for the predetermined amount of time, determining if a previous access network change was outside a predefined time period, and in an instance in which the previous network change was outside the predefined time period, causing the access network change.. ... Nokia

11/17/16 / #20160337922

Ran-wlan traffic steering

A method including receiving a subscriber profile for a user equipment (ue) in wlan network by a radio access network (ran); and the radio access network (ran) performing traffic steering for the user equipment (ue) between the radio access network (ran) and a wireless local area network (wlan) based, at least partially, upon the subscriber profile.. . ... Nokia

11/17/16 / #20160337914

Handover in software defined networking

Handover in software defined networking the present invention provides apparatuses, methods, computer programs, computer program products and computer-readable media usable for handover in software defined networking, for example x2 and/or s1-mme handover at source enb and target enb. The method includes requesting, by a first entity in a first plane, a first entity in a second plane to report a parameter to the first entity in the first plane, receiving, at the first entity in the first plane, the reported parameter, and forwarding, by the first entity in the first plane, the parameter to a second entity in the first plane.. ... Nokia

11/17/16 / #20160337908

Method, apparatus and computer program

A method comprising: receiving information for handover of a user equipment from a first connection to a second connection, said information comprising information of a real-time text component of a call in progress in said first connection, said first connection comprising one of a packet switched connection and a circuit switched connection, and the second connection comprising the other of a packet switched connection and a circuit switched connection; using said information to enable continuity of said real-time text component in said second connection.. . ... Nokia

11/17/16 / #20160337902

Cell load based content data network selection

It is provided a method, comprising monitoring a request received from a terminal device, wherein the request requests one of a first address of a first source of at least one file and the at least one file from the first source with the first address; determining a second address depending on both the first address and a dynamic status information of at least one of plural access networks, wherein, according to a first stored relationship, the second address is of a second source of the at least one file, and, according to a second stored relationship, each of the first address and the second address is related to a respective one of the plural access networks; providing, in response to the request, the second address to the terminal device.. . ... Nokia

11/17/16 / #20160337878

Improving network efficiency

There is provided a method, comprising: detecting, by a control node, which of the plurality of network nodes of a centrally coordinated network is currently serving as a master node, wherein the master node coordinates scheduling for one or more slave nodes in the network; identifying that one of the one or more slave nodes should be selected as the new master node on the basis of a predetermined selection criterion; and causing the identified slave node to serve as the new master node.. . ... Nokia

11/17/16 / #20160337818

User equipment selection for mbsfn measurements

Methods and apparatus, including computer program products, are provided for sending, by a user equipment, an indication of whether there is an intent to receive a multimedia broadcast multicast service; and receiving, by the user equipment in response to the sent indication, measurement configuration information for a multicast broadcast single-frequency network. Related apparatus, systems, methods, and articles are also described.. ... Nokia

11/17/16 / #20160337787

Service data provision

A technique for providing service data is provided. According to an example embodiment, the technique comprises operating, in a user apparatus, a first wireless communication portion for short-range wireless communication and a second wireless communication portion for wireless communication, providing, in response to receiving a list of allowable device identifiers from a remote server apparatus via the second wireless communication portion, said list of allowable device identifiers to the first wireless communication portion, and issuing, in response to the first wireless control portion receiving an advertising message comprising a device identifier included in said list of allowable device identifiers, an advertising report including at least one of the received device identifier and a service identifier associated with the received device identifier.. ... Nokia

11/17/16 / #20160337454

Sgc and pgc and sgu and pgu allocation procedure

Apparatuses and methods are provided by which an apparatus (e.g., an mme) establishes a connection session in a network which involves a network resource (e.g., sgw) to be selected, and selects at least one of a control plane (e.g., sgw-c) and a user plane (e.g., sgw-u) of the network resource.. . ... Nokia

11/17/16 / #20160337325

Key management

According to an example embodiment of the present invention there is provided an apparatus comprising a receiver configured to receive a pair of cryptographic keys comprising a public key and a secret key, the public key being cryptographically signed, a memory configured to store the secret key, and a transmitter configured to send the cryptographically signed public key to a correspondent node and participate in establishment of a cryptographic network protocol session based at least in part on the pair of cryptographic keys.. . ... Nokia

11/17/16 / #20160337282

Method, apparatus and computer program for control of a text component of a call

A method comprising: sending a message to a node for establishment of a call in an area, said area providing at least partially overlapping packet switched and circuit switched coverage; said message comprising a request for one of a packet switched real-time text component and a circuit switched real-time text component in said call; and in response to receiving a message from said node, sending a further message to said node comprising a request to provide the other of a packet switched real-time text component and a circuit switched real-time text component in said call.. . ... Nokia

11/17/16 / #20160337270

Method of operating a network entity

A method of operating a network entity of a network comprising a gateway (200) is provided, wherein the method comprises dynamically changing a gtp termination point (204, 227) in the gateway (200).. . ... Nokia

11/17/16 / #20160337189

A method and apparatus for performing flexible service chaining

A method and apparatus can be configured to transmit first policy rules to a packet-data-network gateway. The first policy rules are configured to be installed on the packet-data-network gateway. ... Nokia

11/17/16 / #20160337045

Reception and generation of light

A light input is divided into a plurality of light outputs by a structure comprising a first beam splitter configured to divide the light input into a first part and a second part, a first polarization beam splitter configured to provide from the first part a first polarized part and a second polarized part, wherein the first polarized part is for providing a first output and the second polarized part for providing a second output, at least one polarization altering device configured to alter the polarization of light in the second part, and at least one second polarization beam splitter configured to receive light altered by respective at least one polarization altering device and provide therefrom at least one third polarized part for providing at least one third output. A light output can be generated based on similar principles in reverse.. ... Nokia

11/17/16 / #20160336631

Tunable filter off-states for noise rejection

Methods and apparatus, including computer program products, are provided for tunable filters and/or front-ends. In one aspect there is provided an apparatus. ... Nokia

11/17/16 / #20160335938

Apparatus and/or method and/or computer program for creating images adapted for transreflective displays

A method including analysing an image intended for display on a transflective display to identify first pixels and second pixels in the image; and creating an adapted image for display on the transflective display by changing relative reflectance of the first pixels relative to the second pixels.. . ... Nokia

11/17/16 / #20160335796

Method and apparatus for visualization of geo-located media contents in 3d rendering applications

An approach is provided for accurate processing and registering of media content for rendering in 3d maps and other applications. The approach includes determining at least one first pixel of at least one image that geometrically corresponds to at least one second pixel of at least one rendered three-dimensional map. ... Nokia

11/17/16 / #20160335704

Method, apparatus and system for content recommendation

Method, apparatus, system, computer program product and computer readable medium are disclosed for recommending content to a plurality of users. Each of the users is associated with a user score. ... Nokia

11/17/16 / #20160334772

Apparatus and method for correlating data

Mechanisms are described for correlating environmental data (such as data regarding object settings) with performance data (such as data regarding a result of a predefined activity). The performance data may be analyzed to determine whether the result of the predefined activity can be considered a predetermined aspirational result (e.g., a result that the user desires to achieve), such that the user would want to obtain the same result the next time the user performs the same activity. ... Nokia

11/10/16 / #20160330648

A method and apparatus for performing congestion mitigation and barring

A method and apparatus may be configured to receive at least one set of barring parameters from a network entity. Each set corresponds to a barring check and has a unique implicit or explicit priority. ... Nokia

11/10/16 / #20160330638

Bler measurements for mbms

Methods and apparatus, including computer program products, are provided for bler measurements. In one aspect there is provided a method. ... Nokia

11/10/16 / #20160330568

Mobile telephone for internet applications

A control unit for a mobile telephone includes a web server adapted to connect to a web browser in the mobile telephone, wherein the web server receives information and provides the information to the web browser when connected to the web browser.. . ... Nokia

11/10/16 / #20160330310

Method and apparatus for preclusion of causation of rendering of a notification at a notification time

A method comprising determining that a current time is within a pre-notification possession time period associated with an apparatus possession alarm, the apparatus possession alarm being associated with an apparatus, and the pre-notification possession time period being a duration of time prior to a notification time associated with the apparatus possession alarm, receiving motion information indicative of movement of the apparatus, and precluding causation of rendering of a notification at the notification time based, at least in part, on the receipt of the motion information is disclosed.. . ... Nokia

11/10/16 / #20160330136

Allocating virtual machines in a gateway coupled to a software-defined switch

There is provided allocating cloud computing resources to process a user session by a gateway in a mobile communications network, and allocating the cloud computing resources in pairs to user sessions. Rules for the pair of allocated resources are determined such that incoming control plane traffic associated with the session is forwarded to the both cloud computing resources forming the pair.. ... Nokia

11/10/16 / #20160329961

Free-space optical communications for mobile devices

Methods and apparatuses, including computer program code are disclosed. The apparatus may include at least one processor and at least one memory including computer program code. ... Nokia

11/10/16 / #20160329630

Modular antenna structure

This document discloses an apparatus including a casing including a base, wherein the base includes fittings for the plurality of antenna elements; the plurality of antenna elements provided in a modular structure in the casing and including at least one common module, a plurality of antenna-specific modules, and a plurality of antenna modules each including at least one antenna, wherein the at least one common module is configured to connect to a plurality of antenna-specific modules and perform at least one signal processing operation commonly for the plurality of antenna-specific modules, wherein each antenna-specific module is configured to connect to a subset of antenna modules, and wherein each antenna module includes a dedicated radio frequency cable connecting the antenna element to an antenna-specific module. Furthermore, a related method is disclosed. ... Nokia

11/10/16 / #20160329056

Multi-channel audio signal classifier

It is disclosed inter alia a method comprising: estimating a value of entropy for a multi-channel audio signal; determining a channel configuration of the multi-channel audio signal from the value of entropy; and encoding the multi-channel audio signal, wherein the mode of encoding is dependent on the channel configuration.. . ... Nokia

11/10/16 / #20160328607

Causation of rendering of information indicative of a printed document interaction attribute

A method comprising receipt of visual information from a camera module, determination that the visual information comprises visual information indicative of a printed document that is being read by a user, determination of a printed document identifier that identifies the printed document based, at least in part, on the visual information, determination that the printed document identifier corresponds with a historical printed document record, retrieval of at least one printed document interaction attribute associated with the printed document identifier from the historical printed document record, and causation of rendering of information indicative of the printed document interaction attribute is disclosed.. . ... Nokia

11/10/16 / #20160328452

Apparatus and method for correlating context data

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided in accordance with an example embodiment in order to determine a recommended action to be taken based on contextual data. In the context of a method, contextual data is received regarding a user's situation. ... Nokia

11/10/16 / #20160328408

Intelligent phone book

A method including detecting a time and day that communications are made to a contact, recording the time and day communications are made for a respective communication type and presenting the contact information to a user depending on the use pattern of the contact information and the time and day communications are placed for the respective communication type.. . ... Nokia

11/10/16 / #20160328081

Method, apparatus and computer program product for entering operational states based on an input type

A method is provided for providing various operational states based on user input type. In particular, an example method may include providing for operation in a first operational state, receiving a user input, and determining if the user input is of a first input type. ... Nokia

11/10/16 / #20160328049

An apparatus and/or method

An apparatus including a notched shield electrode portion including a notch at an edge; and an overlapping shield electrode portion, wherein the overlapping shield electrode portion overlaps the notch in the notched shield electrode portion.. . ... Nokia

11/10/16 / #20160327795

Apparatus or method for projecting light internally towards and away from an eye of a user

An apparatus including an internal optical projection element configured to project light internally towards an eye of a user of the apparatus; an external optical projection element configured to project light externally away from an eye of the user of the apparatus; and one or more optical engines configured to provide light to the internal optical projection element and the external optical projection element. The apparatus preferably further includes a light guide with diffractive in and out-coupling elements and is configured as a head mounted display. ... Nokia

11/10/16 / #20160327631

Determination of a location of a device

A method comprises enabling receipt, at a multi-antenna array device (10) from a remote device (30), of at least one wirelessly transmitted packet including location data (38) indicative of a location of the remote device (80) and an angle-of-arrival field (39) for enabling determination of an angle of arrival of the wirelessly transmitted packet in which the angle-of-arrival field (39) is provided, determining based on the received angle of arrival field (39), the angle of arrival of the wirelessly transmitted packet in which the angle-of-arrival field (39) is provided, and determining a location of the multi-antenna array device (10) based on at least the determined angle of arrival and the location data.. . ... Nokia

11/03/16 / #20160323925

Method, apparatus, and computer program product for inter-ap communication in neighbor awareness networking environment

Embodiments enable communication between access point devices operating in a neighbor awareness network cluster. A method comprises composing, by an access point device responsible for coordinating communication in a first wireless network, a service id indicating support for communication with other access point devices operating in a second neighbor awareness network, wherein the access point device is capable of concurrently operating as an access point in the first wireless network and participating in the second neighbor awareness network; and transmitting, by the access point device, a wireless service discovery frame to the second neighbor awareness network, the service discovery frame including the composed service id.. ... Nokia

11/03/16 / #20160323902

Channel quality indicator reporting

A method, computer program and apparatus operate when resuming data transmission/reception upon activation of a serving cell, or after a long in-device coexistence interference avoidance gap, to determine whether to report to a network access node an in-device coexistence interference indicator value and send the in-device coexistence interference indicator value to the network access node, the in-device coexistence interference indicator value is reported to the network access node for a certain period if any periodic channel quality indication resource is configured for the cell, or if an aperiodic channel quality indication for the cell is requested from the network access node.. . ... Nokia

11/03/16 / #20160323874

Local area optimized uplink control channel

A method for performing uplink signaling and data transmission between a terminal device and a network element is described. The method includes applying, during a transmission, at least one of tdm and fdm between a srs, a control channel, a drs and a data channel. ... Nokia

11/03/16 / #20160323789

Method for ue distribution in overlaying layers based on estimated coverage

In accordance with exemplary embodiments, at least apparatus, methods, and computer program products perform selection of a reduced set of overlaying cells to provide access to a ue from a set of overlaying cells in a network using one or more rats and multiple different frequencies and whose coverage areas for the cells in the set partially or completely overlay each other. The selection is based on location of the ue within the overlaying cells and estimates of coverage areas of the overlaying cells derived based on information including at least one of angles of arrival and reception-transmission difference information for ues in the network. ... Nokia

11/03/16 / #20160323779

Method and apparatus for implementing a distributed interworking based on user equipment throughput

A method and apparatus may include estimating a metric value relating to a first user equipment and an access point, without relying on actual data transmitted by the access point to the first user equipment. The method may also include estimating a quality degradation to the at least one second user equipment if at least part of the traffic of the first user equipment is routed to the access point. ... Nokia

11/03/16 / #20160323558

Method and apparatus for 3d capture synchronization

In accordance with an example embodiment of the present invention, disclosed is a method and an apparatus thereof for receiving a first command via a first interface that is addressable by a first address and receiving a second command via a second interface that is addressable by a second address.. . ... Nokia

11/03/16 / #20160323457

Method and apparatus for direct control of smart devices with a remote resource

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided for direct control of constrained electronic devices with a remote resource. A method performed in a mobile device is provided. ... Nokia

11/03/16 / #20160323081

Apparatus, methods, and computer program products providing an indication of cyclic prefix length

In one exemplary embodiment, a method includes: inserting an indication of a cyclic prefix length into a transmission; and sending the transmission. In another exemplary embodiment, a method includes: receiving a transmission; and processing the received transmission to obtain an indication of a cyclic prefix length.. ... Nokia

11/03/16 / #20160323010

Methods and apparatus for mitigation of radio-frequency impairments in wireless network communication

Systems and techniques for in-phase/quadrature estimation are described. Reference signals are configured and used to perform in-phase and quadrature estimation of a transmitter of a transceiver. ... Nokia

11/03/16 / #20160323003

Speaker casing with integrally formed electrical conductors

An apparatus including a sound transducer; a casing member, where the sound transducer is mounted to the casing member, and where the casing member is configured to at least partially form an enclosure for the sound transducer; and electrical conductors integrally formed with the casing member. The electrical conductors are electrically connected to the sound transducer. ... Nokia

11/03/16 / #20160322996

Multiband filter for non-contiguous channel aggregation

Methods and apparatus, including computer program products, are provided for receivers. In one aspect there is provided an apparatus. ... Nokia

11/03/16 / #20160321517

Method and apparatus for generating superpixel clusters

In some example embodiments, there is provided a method. The method may include determining whether a communication terminal is within range of a wireless gateway to enable connection establishment between the wireless gateway and the communication terminal; and establishing at least one connection between the wireless gateway and the communication terminal, when the communication terminal is determined to be within range. ... Nokia

11/03/16 / #20160320915

An apparatus, method and computer program for enabling a user to make user inputs

An apparatus, method and computer program wherein the apparatus: includes processing circuitry; and memory circuitry including computer program instructions; wherein the memory circuitry and the computer program instructions are configured to, with the processing circuitry, cause the apparatus to: detect a user input including one or more fingers; identify a tremor characteristic for each of the one or more fingers; determine a correlation between the tremor characteristic of a first finger and another detected tremor characteristic; wherein if the correlation is above a threshold a first output signal is provided and if the correlation is below a threshold a second output signal is provided.. . ... Nokia

11/03/16 / #20160320881

Using touch sensors as an electromagnetic shield

An apparatus and a method of manufacturing the apparatus is provided. The apparatus includes a sensing layer including an array of touch sensors for sensing touch input; and a trace layer including a plurality of traces that electrically connect the touch sensors to sensing circuitry, wherein the array of touch sensors in the sensing layer is positioned to electromagnetically shield the plurality of traces, in the trace layer, from conductive user input objects.. ... Nokia

11/03/16 / #20160320873

Touch sensor structure

An apparatus is disclosed which includes a first substrate having an outer touch surface and an inner surface; a touch sensor substrate having a first surface and an opposing second surface; wherein the first substrate and the touch sensor substrate are configured to form a part of a laminated structure; and wherein a first region of the first surface of the touch sensor substrate is configured to have a shape different to an adjacent region of the inner surface of the first substrate.. . ... Nokia

11/03/16 / #20160320798

Method for producing an electronic device and an electronic device thus produced

Embodiments of the present disclosure relate to a method for producing an electronic device and an electronic device thus produced. According to an embodiment of the present disclosure, the method comprises disposing (s101) a touch sensor (220) in a form of film onto an outer surface of an inner supporting frame (210); and assembling (s102) the inner supporting frame (210) into an outer housing (230) which is at least partially transparent, wherein the touch sensor (220) is configured so that it can be activated by touching a surface of the outer housing. ... Nokia

10/27/16 / #20160316427

Method and apparatus

A method comprises determining in a base station of a first cell of a first network that there is an inactive second cell of a second, different network which is a candidate cell for a user equipment and causing an activation message to be sent to cause the activation of said inactive second cell.. . ... Nokia

10/27/16 / #20160316405

Dynamic adjustments of measurement conditions along with additional trigger methods for reporting

The present invention provides apparatuses, methods, computer programs, computer program products and computer-readable media usable for triggering measurement reporting. The method includes configuring, at a base station, a measurement configuration message for triggering a start of measurement and reporting, the measurement configuration message comprising a dynamic threshold condition, and a first trigger for starting measurement and reporting, and transmitting said configured measurement configuration message to user equipment served by the base station.. ... Nokia

10/27/16 / #20160316311

Method and apparatus for provisioning an operational subscription

Embodiments of the present invention provide a method and apparatus for provisioning an operational subscription. The method for provisioning an operational subscription comprising: establishing a connection from a first terminal to a provisioning server using the information of a first provisional subscription of the first terminal; transmitting a first terminal identifier of the first terminal to the provisioning server via the connection; and upon receipt of a message from the provisioning server, which was sent if, based on the first terminal identifier, the first terminal is already registered and one operational subscription of the first terminal is active, downloading from the provisioning server another operational subscription corresponding to the first provisional subscription. ... Nokia

10/27/16 / #20160316027

Advertising middleware

A method and system for facilitating interaction with one or more advertisement functionalities is provided. An advertisement middleware provides advertisement functionalities for interfacing with one or more systems and components of an underlying device. ... Nokia

10/27/16 / #20160315980

Method and apparatus for establishing a network connection with one or more stream features

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided to facilitate the efficient establishment of a network connection that supports a stream having a plurality of stream features. In the context of a method, communication is caused to be provided with a network entity in order to establish a network connection that supports a stream with the network entity. ... Nokia

10/27/16 / #20160315743

Method for managing coordinated multipoint communication

The embodiments of the invention provide at least a method and apparatus to schedule an uplink communication from a user equipment of a plurality of user equipment; identify one or more candidate cells to support the uplink communication from the user equipment; send a request to the identified one or more candidate cells for requesting at least one of antenna data and pilot symbols from the one or more candidate cells for the uplink communication from the user equipment; and in response to the request, receive the uplink communication from the user equipment via a coordinated multi-point operation using at least in part a reception cells of the one or more candidate cells. Further, to receive, by one or more candidate cell, from a serving cell a request for at least one of antenna data and pilot symbols from the one or more candidate cells for a scheduled uplink communication from a user equipment to the serving cell; and in response to the request, provide the at least one of antenna data and pilot symbols for the uplink communication from a user equipment to the serving cell.. ... Nokia

10/27/16 / #20160315582

Method and apparatus for modifying image to increase solar energy collection efficiency

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided in order to improve the efficiency with which a mobile device collects solar energy. In the context of a method, an image is caused to be presented upon an at least partially reflective screen of a user interface. ... Nokia

10/27/16 / #20160314797

Audio signal encoder

An apparatus comprising: a vector generator configured to generate at least one vector of parameters defining at least one audio signal; a lattice vector quantizer configured to sort the at least one vector of parameters according to an ordering of at least one vector absolute tuples to generate an associated at least one ordered vector of parameters; the lattice vector quantizer configured to select from a list of leader classes at least one potential code vector; the lattice vector quantizer configured to determine a distance between the at least one potential code vector and the at least one ordered vector of parameters; the lattice vector quantizer configured to determine at least one leader class associated with a potential code vector which generates the smallest associated distance; the lattice vector quantizer configured to transpose the at least one leader class to generate an output lattice quantized codevector.. . ... Nokia

10/27/16 / #20160314592

Method and apparatus for registration of interior and exterior three dimensional scans based on a semantic feature of a structure

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided for registration of interior and exterior three dimensional scans based on a semantic feature of a structure. A method is provided including receiving at least one exterior scan and at least one interior scan of a structure and registering the at least one exterior scan and the at least one interior scan based on a semantic feature of the structure. ... Nokia

10/27/16 / #20160314392

Generating using a bidirectional rnn variations to music

Methods and apparatus, including computer program products, are provided for receiving, at a bidirectional recurrent neural network, a music file preprocessed to include at least one token data inserted within at least one location in the music file in order to enable varying the music file; generating, by the bidirectional recurrent neural network, an output music file, wherein the bidirectional recurrent neural network generates music data to replace the at least one token data; and providing, by the bidirectional recurrent neural network, the output music file representing a varied version of the music file. Related apparatus, systems, methods, and articles are also described.. ... Nokia

10/27/16 / #20160314370

Method and apparatus for determination of object measurements based on measurement assumption of one or more common objects in an image

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided for determination of object measurements based on measurement assumption of one or more common objects in an image. A method is provided including receiving an input image comprising at least a first object and a second object, detecting at least the first and second objects, constructing one or more measurement assumptions based on the first object, and determining, using a processor, one or more measurements of the second object based on the measurement assumptions.. ... Nokia

10/27/16 / #20160313806

Apparatus and method for user input

An apparatus comprising: a support configured to position the apparatus adjacent a wrist of a hand of a user; first sensors configured to measure movement of the apparatus in space as the hand is moved through space; and one or more second sensors configured to measure at least a local force applied to the apparatus at the wrist as a consequence of movement, by the user, of a phalange of the hand.. . ... Nokia

10/27/16 / #20160313731

Method and apparatus for causing sending of a parking directive

A method comprising identification of a parking region for a vehicle, identification of an object within the parking region, determination that sufficient space exists within the parking region for creation of a parking space, the parking space being a portion of the parking region that is dimensioned to allow the vehicle to enter the parking space and exit the parking space, determination of a parking directive based, at least in part, on the parking space and the object, and causation of sending the parking directive is disclosed.. . ... Nokia

10/20/16 / #20160309474

Method and apparatus for wireless networks

In a non-limiting and exemplary embodiment, a method is provided for arranging multi-channel wireless communications, comprising: determining a first dedicated channel for a first apparatus from a set of channels, receiving an indication of a second dedicated channel for a second apparatus, and communicating with the second apparatus on the first dedicated channel and on the second dedicated channel, wherein a first communications event on the first dedicated channel and a second communication event at the second dedicated channel are carried out at least partially simultaneously.. . ... Nokia

10/20/16 / #20160309433

Method and apparatus for detection of synchronization signals in wireless networks

Various communication systems may benefit from an accurate detection method. The method may include determining correlation values between a first sequence of samples and at least one pre-defined sequence, detecting whether at least one first peak exists by comparing the correlation values with at least one first detection threshold. ... Nokia

10/20/16 / #20160309415

Saving power on handsets by filtering received status updates

In one embodiment, a method for saving power on a mobile device includes receiving an indication of termination of a power-save mode of the mobile device, and requesting presence information for a plurality of peers of a user from a server or a p2p communication network in response to the received indication.. . ... Nokia

10/20/16 / #20160309411

Dynamic ungrouping of ip packets before cellular transmission

Methods and apparatus, including computer program products, are provided for dynamic ungrouping. In one aspect there is provided a method. ... Nokia

10/20/16 / #20160309404

Method, apparatus, and computer program product for hop count usage in cluster selection

Embodiments enable access to a wireless communications medium. In example embodiments, a method comprises receiving first synchronization messages from a wireless device transmitting synchronization messages in a first neighbor awareness network cluster, the first synchronization messages including a first hop count value to a first anchor master in the first cluster and information describing a first master rank value of the first anchor master; receiving second synchronization messages from a wireless device transmitting synchronization messages in a second neighbor awareness network cluster, the second synchronization messages including a second hop count value to a second anchor master in the second cluster and information describing a second master rank value of the second anchor master; and selecting the first neighbor awareness network cluster or the second neighbor awareness network cluster, based on at least one of the first and second hop count values and the first and second master rank values.. ... Nokia

10/20/16 / #20160308975

Method and apparatus for bridging communication sessions

An approach is provided for bridging communication sessions among multiple devices. A communication bridging platform determines to receive a request for establishing a communication session between a first device and a second device. ... Nokia

10/20/16 / #20160308715

Management of network entity selection

An apparatus and a method are provided by which, in an apparatus for setting up and maintaining network functions, identities of first type network functions and second type network functions are stored, wherein the first type of virtual network functions are configured to select one or more of the second type network functions, and, for each first type network function, information regarding second type network functions which are selectable by the corresponding first type network function based on information regarding physical conditions of the first type network functions and the second type of virtual network functions are maintained.. . ... Nokia

10/20/16 / #20160308662

Wireless communication

According to an example aspect of the present invention, there is provided an apparatus comprising at least one processing core configured to determine that the apparatus has uplink information to transmit, to cause a transmitter to transmit a beacon, and to transmit the uplink information using either a full duplex resource or a half duplex resource based at least in part on a determination concerning a response to the beacon, and a receiver configured to listen for the response to the beacon.. . ... Nokia

10/20/16 / #20160307041

Determination of a filtered map interaction descriptor

A method comprising receiving information indicative of a map operation that is associated with a map object, the map operation being invoked by a user, determining a map interaction descriptor that comprises information indicative of the map object, information indicative of the map operation, and information indicative of a map object property, determining a privacy setting that is associated with the map interaction descriptor based on at least a portion of the map interaction descriptor, determining a filtered map interaction descriptor based on the privacy setting and the map interaction descriptor, such that the filtered map interaction descriptor is absent at least a portion of at least one of the information indicative of the map object, the information indicative of the map operation, or the information indicative of the map object property, and causing sending of information indicative of the filtered map interaction descriptor to a separate apparatus is disclosed.. . ... Nokia

10/20/16 / #20160306687

Sending of map interaction data to a program

A method comprising identifying a source program to send a target program map interaction data set to a target program, identifying a target program map function set that includes at least one target program map function, identifying a source program map function set that includes at least one source program map function, determining a transfer map function set that is a set intersection of the target program map function set and the source program map function set, identifying a source program map interaction data set, determining a target program map interaction data set to include each source program map interaction data item from the source program map interaction data set that corresponds with at least one target program map function of the target program map function set, and sending the target program map interaction data set to the target program is disclosed.. . ... Nokia

10/13/16 / #20160302145

Method, apparatus, and computer program product for efficient use of frequency bands and channels in wireless environment

A method to provide interoperable mechanisms for efficient use of frequency bands and channels in wi-fi networks, including receiving, by an access point device, a wireless request message from a wireless device, requesting information on candidate wireless networks; determining, by the access point device, whether the wireless device is associated with the access point device; and composing, by the access point device, a forwarding message to be transmitted by the access point device to a server, and including in the forwarding message an indication that the wireless device is associated with the access point device, if the wireless device is associated with the access point device.. . ... Nokia

10/13/16 / #20160302144

Method, apparatus, and computer program product for efficient use of frequency bands and channels in wireless environment

A method to provide interoperable mechanisms for efficient use of frequency bands and channels in wi-fi networks, including receiving, by an access point device, a wireless request message from a wireless device, requesting information on candidate wireless networks; determining, by the access point device, whether the wireless device is associated with the access point device; and composing, by the access point device, a forwarding message to be transmitted by the access point device to a server, and including in the forwarding message an indication that the wireless device is associated with the access point device, if the wireless device is associated with the access point device.. . ... Nokia

10/13/16 / #20160301788

Framework for user-created device applications

A method to provide an interface for launching applications is described. The method includes receiving information indicative of a record stored in an electronic device application. ... Nokia

10/13/16 / #20160301562

Correlation of event reports

It is provided a method, comprising checking if a notification identifier comprised by a received primary notification and a correlation identifier comprised by a received secondary notification match each other, wherein the primary notification is different from the secondary notification; generating, if the notification identifier and the correlation identifier match each other, a correlation indication; providing, to a management device, if the notification identifier and the correlation identifier match each other, a primary forward status change indication generated based on a primary status change indication comprised in the primary notification, a secondary forward status change indication generated based on a secondary status change indication comprised in the secondary notification, and the correlation indication.. . ... Nokia

10/13/16 / #20160301504

User equipment assisted deployment in an unlicensed band

A user apparatus having a primary cell on a licensed band is requested to scan an unlicensed band, the scanning being performed with a raster. The thus obtained availability of the unlicensed band is used for determining a secondary cell. ... Nokia

10/13/16 / #20160299738

Visual audio processing apparatus

An apparatus comprising: an image element determiner configured to determine at least one visual image element; a spatial audio analyser configured to determine, using at least two audio signals, at least one audio source with a location associated with the at least one visual image element; a user interface controller configured to provide at least one control input associated with the at least one visual element, and an audio processor configured to process the at least one audio source to change at least one audio characteristic of the at least one audio source based on the at least one control input.. . ... Nokia

10/13/16 / #20160299532

An apparatus and method of providing an apparatus comprising a bendable portion

An apparatus and method wherein the apparatus comprises: a substrate wherein the substrate is configured to support a flexible display and the substrate comprises at least one bendable portion configured to enable the substrate to be moved between an open configuration and a closed configuration and wherein the at least one bendable portion comprises a plurality of rigid members; and a bendable cover portion configured to cover at least the bendable portion of the substrate wherein the bendable cover portion comprises a plurality of foldable portions configured to be folded between the rigid members such that the foldable portions enable the bendable cover portion to be moved between an open configuration and a closed configuration.. . ... Nokia

10/06/16 / #20160295634

Method and apparatus

A method including determining whether an apparatus is to operate in a first, second or third mode of operation; wherein said first mode of operation includes a first level of activity, said second mode of operation includes a second level of activity that is lower than said first level of activity, and said third mode of operation includes a third level of activity that is lower than said second level of activity; applying a first reference signal transmission regime when in said second mode of operation; and applying a second reference signal transmission regime when in said third mode of operation.. . ... Nokia

10/06/16 / #20160295566

Method of managing resources

A resource controller for managing resources in a network and arranged at a site of a first network entity is provided, wherein the resource controller comprises: a database, adapted to store resource managing related information; an interface adapted to receive a resource managing message from a second network entity at the first network entity; and a resource managing unit, wherein the resource managing unit is adapted to grant access to the stored resource managing related information on the database based on the received resource managing message.. . ... Nokia

10/06/16 / #20160295549

Evolved packet core (epc) paging for access points

Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products of epc paging for access points are provided. One method includes receiving, by a mobility management entity (mme), wireless local area network (wlan) capability information of a user equipment (ue), including the wlan capability information of the ue in a “ue radio capability information for paging” information element (ie), and providing the ue radio capability information to an evolved node b (enb). ... Nokia

10/06/16 / #20160295462

Apparatuses, methods and computer program products for identifying handover failure modes

Handover failure modes are identified by logging information associated with at least one of a handover failure or a radio link failure. The information identifies whether or not a user equipment was engaged in an exchange of at least one of data traffic or control traffic with a network at the time that the handover failure or radio link failure occurred. ... Nokia

10/06/16 / #20160295442

Method and apparatus for handling buffer status reporting and scheduling request with dual connectivity

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided to receive, at a user equipment, an indication providing a cell location to which the user equipment, operating in a dual connectivity mode, should transmit a buffer status report for one or more bearers, the cell location being one of a first location, a second location, or a first location and second location and in response to being triggered, causing buffer status report to be transmitted to the location provided in the indication. In some embodiments, the bearer may be a split bearer. ... Nokia

10/06/16 / #20160295434

Apparatus and method for selection of enhanced distributed channel access parameters for ofdma

One embodiment is directed to a method comprising selecting a group of packets for at least one access category, determining a set of contention parameters based on the at least one access category, transmitting the selected group of packets by using the determined set of contention parameters, obtaining information about collision of the transmitted group of packets, and determining an updated set of contention parameters based on the obtained collision information and a predefined condition.. . ... Nokia

10/06/16 / #20160295426

Method and system for communication networks

Fixed and variable phase transmissions can be used to reduce interference in a wireless communications system. Timing and location information can be provided over existing infrastructure in a building. ... Nokia

10/06/16 / #20160295418

Resource allocation and interference management for dense and small cell deployments

Methods and apparatus, including computer program products, are provided for grouping cells according to traffic characteristics and allocating resources in time and/or frequency domain to the different groups and within the groups, allowing a partial overlap.. . ... Nokia

10/06/16 / #20160295367

Proximity-based services

The invention is related to an apparatus, comprising: at least one processor and at least one memory including computer code for one or more programs, the at least one memory and the computer code configured, with the at least one processor, to cause the apparatus at least to: receive a signal from a first user device, the signal being transmitted using at least one resource of one group of a plurality of resource groups, the one of the plurality of resource groups being associated with a first range class; and determine the first range class based on the one of the plurality of resource groups.. . ... Nokia

10/06/16 / #20160295350

Method, apparatus, and computer program product for channel usage information delivery within a peer-to-peer group

A method to manage of coexistence between infrastructure networks and peer-to-peer groups, including receiving, by a peer-to-peer wireless client device associated with a peer-to-peer wireless group owner device in a peer-to-peer wireless network, channel usage information of a wireless infrastructure network, from a wireless access point device managing the wireless infrastructure network; and transmitting, by the peer-to-peer wireless client device, the received channel usage information of the wireless infrastructure network, to the peer-to-peer wireless group owner device, as coexistence information.. . ... Nokia

10/06/16 / #20160295091

Method and apparatus for capturing images

In accordance with an example embodiment of the present invention, a method is disclosed. The method comprises: storing motion information comprising at least one motion feature in a memory; determining a triggering moment related to at least one motion feature; receiving motion sensor signals by a master device; detecting the triggering moment in the received motion sensor signals; and issuing, by the master device, a command to capture one or more images when the triggering moment has been detected.. ... Nokia

10/06/16 / #20160294811

Method and apparatus for identity federation gateway

Techniques for an id federation gateway include determining whether a user associated with a request for a particular network resource is to be identified by the provider of the particular service or by a different party. The service also comprises causing the different party to provide identification data that indicates an identity for the user, if the user is to be identified by the different party. ... Nokia

10/06/16 / #20160294516

Apparatus and method for communication with time-shifted subbands

Apparatuses and methods in a communication system are provided. The solution comprises utilising a given number of parallel subbands in communication, where the transmission timing in each of the subbands is time-shifted by a predetermined time offset.. ... Nokia

10/06/16 / #20160294491

Methods and apparatus for mitigation of radio-frequency impairments in wireless network communication

Systems and techniques for in-phase/quadrature estimation are described. As data frames are received at a wireless networking direct-conversion receiver, preambles of the data frames are examined to identify frequency-independent subcarriers. ... Nokia

10/06/16 / #20160293973

Electronic apparatus and associated methods

An apparatus comprising an insulating substrate (101); at least two charge collectors (102, 103) spaced apart on the substrate (101) surface; a proton-generating electrode layer (104) configured to generate proton charge carriers; a proton-accepting electrode layer (105) configured to accept the generated proton charge carriers, wherein each of the proton-generating electrode layer (104) and proton-accepting electrode layer (105) are configured to be electrically connected to a different one of the respective charge collectors (102, 103), and to overlap in a junction region such that the charge carriers of the layers can be transferred between the proton-generating (104) and proton-accepting (105) electrode layers to thereby generate a voltage.. . ... Nokia

10/06/16 / #20160292863

Method and apparatus for multiple image registration in the gradient domain

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided for image registration in the gradient domain. A method is provided including receiving three or more input images and registering, simultaneously, the three or more input images in the gradient domain based on applying an energy minimization function.. ... Nokia

10/06/16 / #20160292842

Method and apparatus for enhanced digital imaging

Method, apparatus and computer programs are disclosed for forming synthesized panning of images. Based on a pair of digital images taken by a pair of digital cameras and their calibration information, a disparity map is formed for image objects in the pair of digital images. ... Nokia

10/06/16 / #20160292830

Method and apparatus for providing specular surface reconstruction

An approach is provided for reconstruction of dynamic arbitrary specular objects. The approach involves determining time-of-flight data for at least one pixel of at least one time-of-flight sensor configured with at least one retro-reflector, wherein the time-of-flight data includes a first distance from the at least one time-of-flight sensor to at least one point of at least one surface, and a second distance from the at least one point to the at least one retro-reflector. ... Nokia

10/06/16 / #20160292434

Method and apparatus for policy adaption based on application policy compliance analysis

An approach is provided for policy adaption based on application policy compliance analysis. The compliance platform processes and/or facilitates a processing of one or more policy compliance logs associated with at least one application to determine one or more policy compliance profiles associated with the at least one application. ... Nokia

10/06/16 / #20160291783

An apparatus for user input and/or user output

An apparatus including a flexible laminate structure including a first layer and a second layer and including perforations that extend through the first layer but not through the second layer, wherein the first layer is a functional layer used to enable user input to or output from the apparatus.. . ... Nokia

09/29/16 / #20160286507

Synchronization signal design for device to device operation

Various communication systems may benefit from appropriate synchronization signal design. For example, third generation partnership project (3gpp) long term evolution advanced (lte-a) releases 12 and 13 (rel 12/13) may benefit from such design for device to device (d2d) communications. ... Nokia

09/29/16 / #20160286446

Controlling transmissions

An apparatus and a method for controlling transmissions of base stations are proposed. In the method, the apparatus belongs to a set of apparatuses controlled by a common controller, transmits at least one control signal unique to the apparatus within a given area and transmits also a second control signal common to a set of apparatuses controlled by the same controller.. ... Nokia

09/29/16 / #20160286425

Method and system for wireless network optimization

Wireless network performance may be improved by combined phase and power coordinated scheduling, usage-aware interference mitigation scheduling, estimating interference in a power scheduled network, coordinating transmission power levels using thresholds, and locally generated pseudorandom power schedules.. . ... Nokia

09/29/16 / #20160286388

Method, apparatus, and computer program product for service anonymity

Embodiments enable privacy protection for increasing service anonymity. A method comprises receiving a service discovery frame from a wireless device operating synchronously in a neighbor awareness network cluster, including scrambled values associated with service names, each of the scrambled values being a hash of an argument comprising the service name and a component value selected based on a current synchronous time shared with the wireless device. ... Nokia

09/29/16 / #20160286241

Apparatus, a method and a computer program for video coding and decoding

A method comprising: obtaining a video bitstream comprising a high dynamic range (hdr) video representation; obtaining one or more tone mapping operators and an indication of at least one tone mapping operator to be applied; and modifying the hdr video representation into a low dynamic range (ldr) video representation using said at least one tone mapping operator determined by said indication.. . ... Nokia

09/29/16 / #20160286226

Apparatus, a method and a computer program for video coding and decoding

A method comprising: obtaining a video bitstream comprising a low dynamic range (ldr) video representation; obtaining one or more tone mapping operators and an indication of at least one tone mapping operator to be applied; decoding enhancement data relating to said ldr video representation; modifying the ldr video representation into a first high dynamic range (hdr) video representation using said at least one tone mapping operator determined by said indication; and combining the first hdr video representation and the enhancement data relating to said ldr video representation to provide a second hdr video representation.. . ... Nokia

09/29/16 / #20160284126

Augmented reality

In accordance with an example aspect, there is provided an apparatus comprising at least one processing core and at least one memory including computer program code, the at least one memory and the computer program code being configured to, with the at least one processing core, cause the apparatus at least to obtain a movement context of a user, rank, based at least in part on the movement contest, at least two objects based on their visibility to the user, and determine, based at least in part on the ranking, at least one of the at least two objects as a placement object for an augmented reality information element.. . ... Nokia

09/22/16 / #20160278152

Methods and apparatuses for proximity-based service

Methods, corresponding apparatuses, and non-transitory computer readable mediums for a proximity-based service are provided. A method comprises receiving, from at least one user equipment, a resource utilization indication that indicates resources used by at least one user equipment for a prose device-to-device discovery procedure. ... Nokia

09/22/16 / #20160278041

Paging in communications

A method and an apparatus are disclosed for managing paging in a communications system. The method may include, based on a received set of physical resources, determining, in a terminal apparatus, an original paging pattern defining potential time instants for paging, wherein the potential time instants for paging include a subset of a total amount of resources available at a network node for paging.. ... Nokia

09/22/16 / #20160277937

Spectrum sharing for small cells in multi-operator networks

The exemplary embodiments include at least a method and apparatus sending by a second network operator a request to use sub-frames muted by macro cells of a first network operator for use by at least one small cell of the second network operator; receiving information for the use of the muted sub-frames; synchronizing a use of the muted sub-frames; and sending an indication of the synchronized use. In addition, a method and apparatus receiving by a first network operator a request to use sub-frames muted by macro cells of the first network operator for use by at least one small cell of a second network operator; sending information for the use of the muted sub-frames; and receiving an indication of the synchronized use of the muted sub-frames.. ... Nokia

09/22/16 / #20160277917

Method and apparatus for automatic detection and selection of an alternative roaming provider

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided to cause a plurality of network identifiers to be stored in a memory; assign a priority value to each of a plurality of networks; in an instance in which a mobile terminal is roaming, identify available networks; and select an available network based on the priority value of stored network identifiers. The selection of the available networks may further include determining the signal strength of the available networks; and further basing the selection of an available network on the signal strength of the available networks.. ... Nokia

09/22/16 / #20160277876

Methods and apparatuses for providing content data and accessing content data

Embodiments of the present invention provide methods and apparatuses of providing content data and accessing con tent data. The method for providing content data comprises: receiving a first request for content data, the first request being originated from a first user equipment and comprising an indication of the requested content data and an indication from where the requested content data is accessible; identifying a local equipment that is in proximity to the first user equipment and has pre-stored the requested content data; and returning a first response directed to the first user equipment, by which the first user equipment is informed to access the requested content data from the local equipment via a first device-to-device communication with the local equipment. ... Nokia

09/22/16 / #20160277860

Apparatus, method and computer program for providing an audio signal

A method, apparatus and computer program, the method comprising: obtaining information relating to a measured response of a headphone wherein the response is measured when the headphone is positioned adjacent an ear canal of a user; obtaining information relating to a target response of the headphone wherein the target response replicates a different headphone; determining at least one filter using the measured response and the obtained information relating to the target response; and enabling the at least one filter to be applied to an audio signal to obtain the target response.. . ... Nokia

09/22/16 / #20160277561

System and method for multimodal short-cuts to digital services

A method and system for facilitating user access to services through a wireless device of a user, involves recommending to a user a subset of services from a plurality of services available to the user in which each recommended service of the subset has at least one voice short-cut associated therewith, and selecting a service to be accessed through the user's wireless device from the subset of services according to a voice command by the user corresponding to the voice short-cut of the service.. . ... Nokia

09/22/16 / #20160277155

Efficient resource allocation for acknowledgement/non-acknowledgement physical uplink shared channel and periodic channel state information physical uplink shared channel

Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for delivering multicell harq-ack/nack bits are provided. One embodiment is directed to a method that includes selecting, for example by a network node or user equipment, a physical uplink shared channel (pusch) transmission format. ... Nokia

09/22/16 / #20160277075

Formation of cooperating sets in small cell deployment

In accordance with an example embodiment of the present invention, an apparatus comprising: at least one processor; and at least one memory including computer program code, wherein the at least one memory and the computer program code are configured to, with the at least one processor, cause the apparatus to perform at least the following: determine backhaul latency between the apparatus and a first node; and cause information associated with backhaul latency or information associated with configuration of cooperation mode to be sent to a cooperating node.. . ... Nokia

09/22/16 / #20160276992

Narrowing audio filter transition band

An apparatus including a first audio filter; a first transducer connected to the first audio filter; and a first sound attenuator located relative to the first transducer to attenuate sound from the first transducer. The first audio filter includes a first transition frequency band. ... Nokia

09/22/16 / #20160275081

Method and apparatus for personalized resource recommendations

An approach is provided for generating personalizing resource recommendations. A recommendation engine causes, at least in part, a classification of one or more items into a tree structure, wherein the tree structure is based, at least in part, on a hierarchical categorization of the one or more items, and wherein the one or more items are associated with a usage history of at least one user. ... Nokia

09/22/16 / #20160273937

Method, apparatus, and computer program product for providing access to a media item based at least in part on a route

An apparatus for providing access to a media item based at least in part on a route may include a processor. The processor may be configured to receive a start location of a mobile device. ... Nokia

09/15/16 / #20160270136

Method and apparatus for controlling d2d discovery process

One of the embodiments of the present invention relates to a method for controlling a d2d discovery process at a discovering user equipment. The method comprises determining by the discovering user equipment whether discovery information in a discovering message received from a discovered user equipment is sufficient for performing the d2d discovery process or not. ... Nokia

09/15/16 / #20160270030

Broadcast channel management

An apparatus comprising at least one processor, and at least one memory for storing instructions to be executed by the processor, wherein the at least one memory and the instructions are configured to, with the at least one processor, cause the apparatus at least: to receive and process a data transmission related to a communication channel allocated to a device-to-device broadcast communication, to determine an occupation state related to the received data transmission, to prepare an occupation indication related to the determined occupation state, and to conduct a processing for transmitting the occupation indication.. . ... Nokia

09/15/16 / #20160269992

Method and apparatus for battery life conservation with shared network connection

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided for conservation of battery life with a shared network connection. In the context of a method, a connection is caused to be established with a local network. ... Nokia

09/15/16 / #20160269889

Methond and apparatus for managing communications with multiple identification profiles

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided to selectively accept requests for communication that may be supported by different identification profiles with the selective acceptance being based upon a predefined criteria, such as the cost of the communications. In the context of a method, a request for communications is received from a network operator. ... Nokia

09/15/16 / #20160269042

Receiver for simultaneous signals in carrier aggregation

Methods and apparatus, including computer program products, are provided for receivers. In one aspect there is provided an apparatus. ... Nokia

09/15/16 / #20160267058

Methods of systems using geographic meta-metadata in information retrieval and document displays

A computer-implemented method involving a corpus of documents. The method includes accepting search criteria from a user, the search criteria including a domain identifier identifying a domain and including a filter condition specifying a geometric relationship between co-referenced locations; in response to accepting the search criteria from the user, searching among the corpus of documents to identify a set of documents, wherein each document among the set of documents contains anywhere within the document location-related information that refers to a location within the domain and satisfies the filter condition, and wherein the set of documents only includes documents that satisfy the filter condition; and identifying to the user the documents in the set of documents.. ... Nokia

09/15/16 / #20160266858

Determining a representation of an image and causing display of the representation by a bead apparatus

A method comprising receiving a representation of an image (702), the image being based, at least in part, on at least one operational circumstance, determining a first part of the representation based, at least in part, on a position of a first bead apparatus (704), causing display of the first part of the representation by the first bead apparatus (706), determining a second part of the representation based, at least in part, on a position of a second bead apparatus (708), and causing display of at least a portion of the second part of the representation by the second bead apparatus (710) is disclosed.. . ... Nokia

09/15/16 / #20160266660

Causing rendering of a content item segment on a bead apparatus

A method comprises receiving information associated with a content item, designating a first bead apparatus (716) to be associated with a first content item segment of the content item, the first content item segment being identified by a first content item segment identifier, causing display of a visual representation of the first content item segment identifier by the first bead apparatus (726), designating a second bead apparatus (712) to be associated with a second content item segment of the content item, the second content item segment being identified by a second content item segment identifier, causing display of a visual representation of the second content item segment identifier by the second bead apparatus (722), receiving information indicative of a selection input of the second bead apparatus, and causing rendering of the second content item segment based, at least in part, on the selection input (734). The causation of rendering comprises sending information indicative of a content item segment to a separate apparatus or causing sending of information indicative of a content item segment by another apparatus to a separate apparatus (732) such as a bead apparatus, an electronic apparatus, a server, a computer, a laptop, a television, a phone and/or the like.. ... Nokia

09/15/16 / #20160266654

Providing contextual information

An apparatus, method, and computer program product for: associating an item in media content with a spatial location, receiving a user input corresponding to the spatial location and in response to receiving the user input, providing contextual information relating to the item, wherein the contextual information is dependent upon a previous occurrence of the item within the media content.. . ... Nokia

09/08/16 / #20160262156

Method and apparatus for adaptive band selection in heterogeneous networks

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided to collect a channel information in conjunction with wireless communications; estimate at least one of a line of sight traffic and a non-line of sight traffic on the channel based on channel information; and select, with a processor, a frequency band, wherein the frequency band includes at least a respective frequency or frequency range and a frequency band or plurality of frequency bands and a bandwidth for the respective frequency or frequency range and time allocation for the frequency or frequency range. The selection is based on the estimated line of sight and non-line of sight traffic, wherein the respective frequency band comprises selecting at least one of a first frequency band or a second frequency band with the first and second frequency bands being different from one another.. ... Nokia

09/08/16 / #20160262090

Procedure for selecting network discovery method

This document discloses a solution for selecting a network discovery method in an apparatus. According to an aspect, the apparatus performs the following: performing initial channel assessment of a radio channel at maximum a determined time period shorter than or equal to the shortest of a plurality of discovery frame broadcast periodicities employed by access nodes the apparatus is configured to search for in network discovery; upon determining that a transmission has been detected in the initial channel assessment, selecting a network discovery according to a first network discovery method; and upon detecting no transmission on the radio channel during the initial channel assessment, selecting network discovery according to a second network discovery method different from the first network discovery method. ... Nokia

09/08/16 / #20160262080

Multipath interfaces in new scenarios

Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for multipath interfaces are provided. One method includes establishing, by a user equipment, multiple network interfaces for multipath transmissions, wherein the multiple interfaces comprise a first radio interface and a second radio interface. ... Nokia

09/08/16 / #20160262075

Signaling for mobility and mobility state estimation

Methods and apparatus, including computer program products, are provided for signaling. In some example embodiments, there is provided a method. ... Nokia

09/08/16 / #20160262054

Procedure for setting threshold for accessing channel

This document discloses a solution for determining a channel assessment threshold in an apparatus. A method according to this solution includes: determining, by the apparatus, a channel assessment threshold based on a factor representative of a signal-to-interference ratio at another apparatus with which said apparatus has established a link; determining, by the apparatus on the basis of the channel assessment threshold, whether or not a channel is free for transmission over the link; and upon determining the channel to be free, causing transmission of a frame.. ... Nokia

09/08/16 / #20160261977

Method and apparatus for providing an interface for triggering device action

An approach is provided for causing, at least in part, an identification of one or more triggering devices. A processor may then cause, at least in part, an association of the one or more actions with the one or more triggering devices based, at least in part, on the identification wherein the one or more actions are initiated based, at least in part, on a detection of the one or more triggering devices.. ... Nokia

09/08/16 / #20160260219

Method and apparatus for image registration in the gradient domain

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided for image registration in the gradient domain. A method is provided including receiving a first image and second image; and registering the first and second images in a gradient domain. ... Nokia

09/08/16 / #20160260196

Video streaming method

The invention relates to a video streaming method, comprising receiving a panoramic video; receiving head-tracking data; determining a current field of view based on the head-tracking data. The resolution of the panoramic video may be adjusted based on the current field of view, wherein resolution of the current field of view is a first resolution and the resolution outside of the current field of view is a second resolution. ... Nokia

09/08/16 / #20160260013

Method and apparatus for optimization

An approach is provided for solving optimization problems. The present invention also relates to a method comprising obtaining a first set of binary variables and a second set of binary variables; providing information regarding interactions between binary variables of the first set and binary variables of the second set; and providing an inverse temperature value. ... Nokia

09/08/16 / #20160259030

Methods, apparatuses and computer program products for calibration of antenna array

Provided are methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for calibrating a direction-finding system in a handheld device. A method is provided, which comprises: displaying instructions for orienting a device such that an image of a calibration source through a camera of the device falls in a designated position on a screen of said device; receiving a signal from said calibration source via an antenna array of the device; calculating an orientation angle between said device and said calibration source based on said image of the calibration source; storing pairs of the signal and the orientation angle at various instances while moving or rotating the device to make the image of the calibration source move along a predefined trajectory displayed on the screen; and calibrating a direction-finding system in the device based on the stored pairs of the signal and the orientation angle.. ... Nokia

09/01/16 / #20160255632

Lte/wi-fi aggregation for existing network nodes

In accordance with the exemplary embodiments of the invention there is at least a method and apparatus to determine to use carrier aggregation for signaling with a user equipment in a communication network; based on the determining, activate selected bearers in the communication network for the carrier aggregation; and coordinate the carrier aggregation in the communication network over the selected bearers comprising sharing responsibilities of packet data protocols handling user data and radio link control functions over the selected bearers.. . ... Nokia

09/01/16 / #20160255584

User equipment power optimization

Methods and apparatus, including computer program products, are provided for power optimization. In one aspect there is provided a method. ... Nokia

09/01/16 / #20160255566

Transmission capacity negotiation between base stations in the event of a failed interface to core network for wireless networks

A technique is provided for sending, by a first base station (bs), a data rate test notification to one or more neighbor bss, performing, by the first bs, a data rate test between the first bs and the core network, receiving, by the first bs, a data rate reply message from one or more neighbor bss indicating whether or not the data rate test caused a decrease in the data rate available to the neighbor bs, and reducing, by the first bs, an amount of resources available to the first bs for allocation to one or more bearers if one or more of the data rate reply messages indicate that the data rate test caused a decrease in the data rate available to the neighbor bs.. . ... Nokia

09/01/16 / #20160255501

Selection and use of a security agent for device-to-device (d2d) wireless communications

A technique is provided for receiving, by a ms from a bs a failure notification message indicating a failure of a bs-core network interface, sending, from the ms to the bs, a security agent (sa) notification including a msid identifying the ms, a service profile identifying one or more services, and one or more user group ids that identify one or more user groups of which the ms is a member, and receiving, by the ms from the bs, a sa configuration message including a service identification identifying at least one of the one or more services, one or more user group ids identifying one or more user groups for which the ms has been configured as a security agent to perform the identified service, and a bs access key to allow one or more other mss to access or establish a connection with the bs.. . ... Nokia

09/01/16 / #20160255128

Determination of a user context and sending of a third party proposition

A method comprising identifying a user account associated with a user, the user account referencing at least one third party user account associated with the user, receiving, by an apparatus from a separate apparatus, circumstantial information that is indicative of a user context of the user, determining the user context based on the circumstantial information, determining that the user context is classified by at least one user context classification that is associated with the third party user account, sending information indicative of the third party user account and the user context to a third party server, the third party server being associated with the third party user account, receiving a third party proposition from the third party server, and sending, to a user apparatus, the third party proposition in response to the receipt of the third party proposition is disclosed.. . ... Nokia

09/01/16 / #20160255052

Device classification for media delivery

Media content is provided for remote playback over a packet-based network. According to an example embodiment of the present invention, a host server authenticates remote users and further processes media content requests from authenticated remote users by directing or otherwise facilitating the delivery of requested media content from a user's media content source to a remote playback device. ... Nokia

09/01/16 / #20160254788

Using fractional delay computations to improve intermodulation performance

Enhancing the intermodulation performance of an rf power amplifier by determining a coarse time delay represented by an integer ti; determining a reference point for a transmitted signal waveform of the rf power amplifier; shifting the waveform by a set of offsets including a plurality of non-integer fractional steps; correlating the transmitted signal waveform with a feedback signal waveform to obtain a respective correlation value for each of corresponding fractional steps; obtaining an accurate fractional delay value by selecting a fractional step having a highest respective correlation value; applying the obtained correct fractional delay value to the transmitted signal waveform to provide a compensated transmitted signal waveform and combining the compensated transmitted signal waveform with the feedback signal waveform to reduce at least one intermodulation product of the rf power amplifier.. . ... Nokia

09/01/16 / #20160254785

Apparatus and method for power supply modulation

Embodiments of the invention provide an apparatus for amplifying a radio frequency transmission signal, comprising: an envelope signal obtaining unit (210) configured to obtain a slow envelope signal indicating a time averaging amplitude component of the radio frequency signal and a fast envelope signal indicating an instant amplitude component of the radio frequency signal; a supply voltage modulating unit (230) configured to provide an output modulated supply voltage to the power amplifying unit by modulating a direct current supply voltage based on both the slow envelope signal and the fast envelope signal; and a power amplifying unit (220) configured to amplify power of the radio frequency transmission signal according to the output modulated supply voltage.. . ... Nokia

09/01/16 / #20160254398

An apparatus and a method for detecting photons

An apparatus (100) comprising: semiconductor (2); and an asymmetric electrode arrangement (10) comprising a first electrode (11), a second electrode (12) separated from the first electrode across a portion of the semiconductor and at least one surface plasmon polariton generator (20) associated with at least the first electrode (11).. . ... Nokia

09/01/16 / #20160253834

Relevance based visual media item modification

A method that receives a visual media item and determines an identity of at least one intended viewer of the visual media item is disclosed. The method may further identify a visual representation of an object that is comprised by the visual media item and determine a relevance of the object based, at least in part, on the identity. ... Nokia

09/01/16 / #20160253790

Method, apparatus and computer program product for reducing chromatic aberrations in deconvolved images

In an example embodiment, method, apparatus and computer program product are provided. The method includes facilitating receipt of a deconvolved image including a plurality of component images. ... Nokia

09/01/16 / #20160253692

Calculation of a third party solicitation fee

A method comprising calculating a third party solicitation fee for a third party, receiving, from a third party server, a third party solicitation on behalf of the third party, sending the third party solicitation to a user apparatus in response to the receipt of the third party solicitation, the third party solicitation comprising a request for a specified action, receiving information indicative of the user apparatus performing the specified action, and decreasing the third party solicitation fee based, at least in part, on the receipt of the information indicative of the user apparatus performing the specified action is disclosed.. . ... Nokia

09/01/16 / #20160253031

Apparatus having touch and bending sensing functions

An apparatus including in a first laterally extending layer, a flexible substrate; in a second laterally extending layer, a plurality of distinct sensors configured to sense over a sensing area; in a third laterally extending layer, a modifier including a perimeter, wherein the apparatus is configured to enable, responsive to flexing of the flexible substrate, lateral movement of the perimeter of the modifier relative to the plurality of distinct sensors to modify sensing by one or more of the distinct sensors.. . ... Nokia

08/25/16 / #20160249402

Optimized procedure for user equipment autonomous mobility

Exemplary embodiments including a method including determining a user equipment of a wireless communication network is in an autonomous mobility mode; receiving an indication from the wireless communication network of a data communication available for the user equipment; and based on the indication, establishing a connection between the user equipment and a network node of the wireless communication network. Apparatus, program products, and software to perform the exemplary embodiments are also disclosed.. ... Nokia

08/25/16 / #20160249283

Optimization on network assisted proximity services discovery management

Methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for network assisted prose discovery management are provided. One method includes establishing, by a network element, a discovery context of a user equipment, and transmitting a discovery context establishment request comprising beacon information on at least one other user that a user of the user equipment is interested in discovering.. ... Nokia

08/25/16 / #20160249280

Controlling discoverability

An apparatus and a method for controlling discoverability are disclosed. The solution includes obtaining information of at least one scan on at least one communication channel and selecting a discovery mode for an access point from at least two different modes on the basis of the information.. ... Nokia

08/25/16 / #20160249253

Controlled load balancing between access networks with various policies from different sources

Various communication systems may benefit from load balancing. For example, wireless communication systems may benefit from controlled load balancing between access networks with various policies from different sources. ... Nokia

08/25/16 / #20160248985

Device with an adaptive camera array

The invention relates to a method comprising obtaining a desired field of view (fov) for an image arranged to be captured, determining a required field of view (r_fov) of the fov for each active camera sensor of a camera array having a field of view (fov), comparing the r_fov and the fov, and determining a bend angle between adjacent camera sensors to achieve the fov by camera sensors of the camera sensor array, if the r_fov is less than or equal to the fov. The invention further relates to an apparatus, a system and a computer program product that perform the method.. ... Nokia

08/25/16 / #20160248810

Method and system for operating and monitoring permissions for applications in a electronic device

A method comprising: receiving a request from a second application to access information from a first application, said first and second applications installed on a user equipment, and in response to said request, determining whether said second application is operating in accordance with at least one rule.. . ... Nokia

08/25/16 / #20160248494

Configuring simultaneous transmissions in wireless network

This document discloses some embodiments for configuring simultaneous transmissions in a wireless network. According to an aspect, a method including: detecting, by a first apparatus of a first wireless network on the basis of a first criterion, that transmissions performed simultaneously with a second apparatus of a second wireless network are allowed; determining, on the basis of a second criterion different from the first criterion, to prohibit frame transmissions simultaneous with frame transmissions of the second apparatus; upon the determining, causing transmission of a control message in the first wireless network, wherein the control message includes an instruction to refrain from transmissions simultaneously with the second apparatus.. ... Nokia

08/25/16 / #20160248489

Channel state information acquisition and feedback for full dimension multiple input multiple output

Various communication systems may benefit from feedback related to communication conditions. For example, certainly wireless communication systems may benefit from channel state information acquisition and feedback, particularly in connection with, for example, full dimension multiple input multiple output. ... Nokia

08/25/16 / #20160246848

Method and apparatus for identifying media files based upon contextual relationships

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided to facilitate the identification of one or more media files stored on respective ones of a plurality of user devices. In the context of a method, a current context is determined. ... Nokia

08/25/16 / #20160246837

Methods, apparatuses and computer program products for enabling intelligent merging of modified data

An apparatus for intelligently merging conflicting data includes a processor and memory storing executable computer code causing the apparatus to at least perform operations including detecting a change(s) to a property of an item of data. The computer program code may further cause the apparatus to determine a version of the item of data and a version of the property or versions of unchanged properties responsive to detecting the property changed. ... Nokia

08/25/16 / #20160246494

Method for defining content download parameters with simple gesture

A system and method of defining download parameters for downloading a desired content item is provided. A user presented with content on a display for downloading selects a desired content item to be downloaded by pointing to a visual thumbnail icon or representation of the desired content item. ... Nokia

08/18/16 / #20160242217

Method and apparatus for providing a remote lost-and-found service

An approach is provided for a remote lost-and-found service. A local sensor manager causes, at least in part, pairing of a device and a local sensor. ... Nokia

08/18/16 / #20160242188

Method, apparatus and computer program for wireless communications

A method comprising: measuring separately co-channel interference and cross-channel interference at an apparatus; and providing, to a node, separate information regarding the co-channel interference and the cross-channel interference.. . ... Nokia

08/18/16 / #20160242186

Dynamic carrier selection via auxiliary carriers in unlicensed band

In accordance with the exemplary embodiments there is at least a method and apparatus to configure more than one component carrier of an unlicensed band, wherein some of the more than one component carriers are active and a remainder are turned off; select at least one turned off component carrier of the more than one component carrier, wherein each of the selected at least one turned off component carrier is configured as an auxiliary component carrier linked to one or more of the active component carriers of the unlicensed band; and send a data burst over an auxiliary component carrier in response to a linked active component carrier being unavailable to carry the data burst. Further, in accordance with the exemplary embodiments there is at least a method and apparatus to receive a configuration of an auxiliary component carrier via one of broadcast signaling or radio resource control signaling; detect a data burst over the auxiliary component carrier of more than one component carrier associated with an unlicensed band.. ... Nokia

08/18/16 / #20160242164

Change of rate matching modes in presence of channel state information reference signal transmission

In one aspect thereof the exemplary embodiments of this invention provide a method that includes, prior to confirmation that a network access node has correctly acquired capabilities of a user equipment, operating a user equipment with the network access node in accordance with a first rate matching mode and, only after confirmation to the user equipment that the network access node has correctly acquired capabilities of the user equipment, changing the rate matching mode to a second rate matching mode. In an embodiment the first rate matching mode comprises puncturing a downlink shared channel transmission with a set of resource elements, which may be at least one of reference symbols and muted resource elements, and the second rate matching mode comprises rate matching the downlink shared channel around those resource elements that are members of the set of resource elements. ... Nokia

08/18/16 / #20160242162

Dynamic uplink/downlink configuration

A method includes monitoring, in a user terminal, a pdcch channel during an active period of a drx cycle. For defining a tdd configuration for the terminal when an inactive period of the drx cycle changes into an active period, the method further includes monitoring downlink sub-frames and dwpts sub-frames according to a downlink harq reference configuration until an update of the tdd configuration is received; monitoring the pdcch channel for any sub-frames except for sub-frames scheduled or configured for uplink transmission by the downlink harq reference configuration until the update of the tdd configuration is received; and/or monitoring the pdcch channel for sub-frames when the terminal monitors the pdcch channel for paging. ... Nokia

08/18/16 / #20160242152

Device-to-device discovery resource allocation in communications

A method for device-to-device communication includes receiving, in a d2d-capable user terminal from a network apparatus, measurement configuration information regarding a d2d discovery resource usage status. The user terminal performs, based on the received measurement configuration information, a corresponding measurement to determine the usage status of d2d discovery resources. ... Nokia

08/18/16 / #20160242101

Changes of cluster head

It is provided a method, including: monitoring if a first cluster head of a first cluster of first communication devices has disappeared, wherein an apparatus performing the method has access to the first cluster enabling a device-to-device communication of the apparatus with at least one of the first communication devices; and, if it is monitored that the first cluster head has disappeared: detecting a second cluster head of a second cluster of second communication devices, wherein the second cluster head is different from the first cluster head, and the second cluster enables the device-to-device communication between at least two of the second communication devices; and requesting an access to the second cluster for the device-to-device communication.. . ... Nokia

08/18/16 / #20160242092

Methods and apparatus for small cell change

Systems and techniques for changing between secondary cells in dual connectivity communication. A user device (110a) operating in dual connectivity with a master base station (102) and a source base station (106a) transmits a change request to a target secondary base station (106b), seeking a connection change to a target base station that is to be used as the secondary base station. ... Nokia

08/18/16 / #20160242077

Mobility management based on transmission rate history

Mobility management mechanism wherein a source base station is configured to send to a target base station the transmission rate history of a user equipment to be handed off from the source base station to the target base station.. . ... Nokia

08/18/16 / #20160242038

Backhaul signaling support for ul-dl interference management for tdd eimta

A method includes receiving information defining a pucch pattern to be used by a first ue to transmit a pucch to a first base station (bs). In response to pucch regions overlapping downlink regions in a downlink bandwidth to be used by the second bs for a downlink transmission to a second ue, performing the downlink transmission from the second bs to the second ue. ... Nokia

08/18/16 / #20160242036

Enabling cellular access

Apparatuses and methods in a communication system are provided. The solution includes communicating with a communication system as authentic and authorized user equipment; storing information on another user equipment and communicating with the communication system to authorize the access of another user equipment to the communication system.. ... Nokia

08/18/16 / #20160241950

Sound transducer acoustic back cavity system

An apparatus including a housing member and an airflow spreader. The housing member includes an acoustic back cavity for a sound transducer and at least two second cavities in the housing member spaced from the acoustic back cavity. ... Nokia

08/18/16 / #20160241834

Flicker reduction in 3d imaging

A method including determining an aggregate cost for pixels in a frame under construction; applying a disparity computation for the pixels in the frame under construction; and storing the frame in a memory. Determining the aggregate cost for the pixels in a frame under construction includes use of at least one previous aggregate cost for the pixels in a previous frame, where the aggregate cost is determined with use of edge-aware filtering and a minimum spanning tree (mst). ... Nokia

08/18/16 / #20160241646

Method and apparatus for distributing sensor data

Various methods for distributing a single stream of sensor data to one or more services are provided. One example method may include maintaining an association between sensor data and one or more services requesting the sensor data. ... Nokia

08/18/16 / #20160241413

Single cell point-to-multipoint transmission

An apparatus determines a signal to be sent dependent on at least one triggering event. The signal is determined based upon at least one of at least one rule and at least one condition. ... Nokia

08/18/16 / #20160241348

Determining information of objects

Methods and apparatuses for providing information for use in determining a data map of objects are disclosed. Measurement information is provided by a receiver associated with a mobile communication system for objects in an area based on signals from transmitters with known positions. ... Nokia

08/18/16 / #20160239688

Method and apparatus for determining shapes for devices based on privacy policy

An approach is provided for determining at least one interaction mode of at least one application executing on at least one device, wherein the at least one device supports shifting from among a plurality of physical form factors. The approach also involves determining at least one selected physical form factor from among the plurality of physical form factors based, at least in part, on the at least one interaction mode, at least one user privacy policy, or a combination thereof. ... Nokia

08/18/16 / #20160239585

3d modelling system

A method comprising: obtaining a three-dimensional (3d) model of a space; obtaining relative positions of a plurality of uniquely identifiable devices in said space; mapping a first uniquely identifiable device to a first object in the 3d model; selecting a second uniquely identifiable device; determining possible locations of the second uniquely identifiable device in said space on the basis of relative distance between the first and second uniquely identifiable device; and mapping the second uniquely identifiable device to a second object in the 3d model, said second object locating in one of said possible locations.. . ... Nokia

08/18/16 / #20160239518

Method, a system, an apparatus and a computer program product for image-based retrieval

The invention relates to a method and a system for image-based retrieval. The method comprises receiving a query image; processing the query image to obtain visual features; determining a feature from the obtained visual features; determining a viewing direction for the query image from a pre-determined set of viewing directions; generating a direction-based hash based on the determined feature in the query image and the viewing direction; identifying sub-volumes of a point cloud database that match the direction-based hash; and matching the identified sub-volumes against all the query image features to find a match.. ... Nokia

08/18/16 / #20160239354

Enablement of disabled notification

A method comprising causing actuation of a notification indicative of occurrence of an event, receiving an indication of a notification disablement input associated with the notification, causing disablement of the notification based, at least in part, on the notification disablement input, receiving an indication of a notification enablement input associated with the notification, and causing enablement of the notification based, at least in part, on the notification enablement input is disclosed.. . ... Nokia

08/18/16 / #20160239182

Association between a content item displayed on a bead display apparatus and a tag

A method comprises receiving information associated with a first content item, designating a first bead apparatus (842) to be associated with the first content item, the first content item being identified by a first content item identifier, causing display of a visual representation of the first content item identifier by the first bead apparatus on a display of the first bead apparatus, receiving information indicative of a content item selection input of the first bead apparatus indicative of selection of the first content item, receiving input indicative of a tag selection input that identifies a tag, and causing an establishment of an association between the first content item and the tag based, at least in part, on the tag selection input. The tag selection input may relate to a tap input associated with the bead apparatus, a rotation input associated with the bead apparatus, and/or the like.. ... Nokia

08/18/16 / #20160239181

Method and apparatus for providing model-centered rotation in a three-dimensional user interface

An approach is provided for determining at least one selection of at least one object model in a three-dimensional world user interface, wherein the at least one object model is a three-dimensional representation of at least one object visible in the three-dimensional world user interface from a first camera view position, and wherein the three-dimensional world user interface presents at least one first panoramic image that is determined based, at least in part, on the first camera view position. The approach involves determining at least one interaction input with the at least one object model to cause, at least in part, a rotation of the at least one object model in the three-dimensional world user interface. ... Nokia

08/18/16 / #20160236903

Pre-call scheduling assistant

In accordance with exemplary embodiments there is determining geo-routines of a user, the geo-routines based on at least one of a location and an altitude and a trajectory of the user, recording the determined geo-routines of user of the system; and based on a current trajectory of a user indicating that the user is going to use a transportation system, optimizing a use of the system according to the recorded geo-routines of the user of the system. In addition, sending information including a location and/or an altitude of a user, and a trajectory of the user, the information associated with a current gee-routine of the user, and receiving information to optimize the use of a transportation system, the receiving based on a current trajectory indicating that the user is going to use the transportation system and on the current geo-routine and/or historical geo-routines of a user of the transportation system.. ... Nokia

08/11/16 / #20160234853

Signaling designs for network assisted interference cancellation and suppression

. . Signaling designs for network assisted interference cancellation and suppression signaling can be valuable in connection with addressing issues of interference. Signaling designs may be valuable, for example, in network-assisted interference cancellation and suppression. ... Nokia

08/11/16 / #20160234801

Methods and apparatus for wireless device synchronization

Systems and techniques for synchronization between in-coverage and out-of coverage user devices. A base station configures in-coverage and out-of coverage synchronization signals and configures user devices to recognize synchronization signals as in-coverage or out-of-coverage. ... Nokia

08/11/16 / #20160234774

User equipment access-based machine to machine communication mechanism

Various communication systems may benefit from mechanisms for access-based communications. For example, machine-type communication in long term evolution (lte) communication systems may benefit from a mechanism for user equipment access-based machine-to-machine communication. ... Nokia

08/11/16 / #20160234756

Method, apparatus, and computer program product for signaling transmission delay

An example method comprises receiving by an apparatus, a message from an access node, including at least one of a delay value indicating a duration to wait before beginning to contend for access to the wireless network by a random backoff procedure to get a transmission opportunity, and an indication whether or not the apparatus is to use a predefined delay value to wait before beginning to contend for access; determining whether to use the delay value to wait before beginning to contend for access to the wireless network; waiting for a duration represented by the delay value, when the apparatus has data to transmit over the wireless network; and beginning to contend for access to the wireless network by a random backoff procedure after the wait duration, before initiating transmission.. . ... Nokia

08/11/16 / #20160234670

Device-to-device synchronization method and apparatus for partial coverage

Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for d2d synchronization in, for example, partial coverage scenarios are provided. One method includes sending, by a network node, information to at least one user equipment in a network. ... Nokia

08/11/16 / #20160234639

Customisation of an electronic device

The operation of a mobile electronic device is controlled at least partially in accordance with operating characteristics adopted while the phone is at a first location. The operation of a mobile electronic device is controlled at least partially in accordance with a theme that how an electronic device responds to user input.. ... Nokia

08/11/16 / #20160234637

Method and apparatus for leveraging overlapping group areas

An approach is provided for determining a group of users based on the overlapping area of two or more existing groups and providing services and/or content to the group based on the services and content of the existing groups. An interaction platform determines shapes of groups based, at least in part, on location information associated with one or more member devices of the groups. ... Nokia

08/11/16 / #20160234632

Wireless communication link establishment

In accordance with an example embodiment of the present invention, an apparatus, a computer program product and a method is provided for establishment of a wireless communication link through machine reading. The example embodiment comprises receiving at least information identifying a wireless communication device through machine reading a machine-readable object, and initiating a wireless communication link establishment with the wireless communication device using the received information, wherein the wireless communication link establishment is incorporated with an indication that a machine-readable object associated with the wireless communication device was read.. ... Nokia

08/11/16 / #20160234442

Method and apparatus for enhanced digital imaging

Method and apparatus are disclosed in which an optical image connector is moved from a second position to a first position. Light is received from a first direction and accordingly forming of a first optical image on an image sensor is caused using a first optical input. ... Nokia

08/11/16 / #20160234373

Customisation of an electronic device

The operation of a mobile electronic device is controlled at least partially in accordance with operating characteristics adopted while the phone is at a first location. The operation of a mobile electronic device is controlled at least partially in accordance with a theme that how an electronic device responds to user input.. ... Nokia

08/11/16 / #20160234144

Apparatus, a method and a computer program for image coding and decoding

A method comprising: receiving a first description of a first file, the first description including properties of at least a derived image included in or referred to by the first file; determining, based on the properties of the derived image, whether to obtain the derived image; and in response to determining to obtain the derived image, obtaining the first file comprising the derived image.. . ... Nokia

08/11/16 / #20160234104

Handling of signaling messages on the data plane in a software-defined architecture

There are provided measures for handling a signaling message on a data plane in a software-defined architecture. Such measures may exemplarily comprise establishing, in a control plane entity, an instruction for reacting to a specific incoming signaling message on the data plane with a corresponding outgoing message on the data plane, providing the established instruction from the control plane entity to a data plane entity for instructing the data plane entity to react to the specific incoming signaling message with the corresponding outgoing message in accordance with the established instruction, and reacting, in the data plane entity, upon detection of the specific incoming signaling message on the data plane, to the specific incoming signaling message on the data plane in accordance with the provided instruction.. ... Nokia

08/11/16 / #20160234063

Configuration of channel estimation related parameters

A method and apparatus are provided. Channel estimation related parameters of a network entity of a communication system are configured based on a current configuration of the communication system. ... Nokia

08/11/16 / #20160233938

Multiple restrictions for csi reporting

A ue is configured with restrictions that restrict resources carrying rss and imrs to specific resources to be used by the ue for determining csi. The restrictions are both of the following: first restrictions in time, frequency, or both time and frequency of resources that carry the reference signals; and second restrictions in time, frequency, or both time and frequency of resources that carry the interference measurement resources. ... Nokia

08/11/16 / #20160233899

Space-time coding for zero-tail spread ofdm system in a wireless network

An example technique may include controlling receiving a first block of time domain symbols and a second block of time domain symbols, converting the blocks of time domain symbols to the frequency domain to create a first pre-equalized block of frequency domain symbols and a second pre-equalized block of frequency domain symbols, respectively, applying, a linear phase shift to the frequency domain symbols to compensate for a conjugating and time-reversing of corresponding pre-spread domain symbols being performed at a transmitter before spreading of the pre-spread domain symbols, and creating a first equalized block of frequency domain symbols and a second equalized block of frequency domain symbols as a function of the first and second pre-equalized blocks of frequency domain symbols wherein at least one of the first and second pre-equalized blocks of frequency domain symbols has the linear phase shift applied.. . ... Nokia

08/11/16 / #20160233727

Method, apparatus, and computer program product for powering electronic devices

Example method, apparatus, and computer program product embodiments are disclosed for negotiation of wireless powering of passive objects. Example embodiments of the invention include a method comprising: receiving, via a radio frequency wireless interface of an apparatus, a radio frequency signal from a wireless device, indicating that the wireless device is capable of receiving optical powering; switching on, by the apparatus, an optical energy source in the apparatus; and transmitting, by the apparatus, from the optical energy source, optical power to the wireless device in response to the radio frequency signal.. ... Nokia

08/11/16 / #20160233623

Antenna connector sealing nut

Various antenna-based systems may benefit from hardware for antenna connectors. For example, certain radio systems may benefit from an antenna connector sealing nut or radio frequency connector ingress protection cap structure. ... Nokia

08/11/16 / #20160232939

Method, an apparatus and a computer program product for processing image sequence tracks

There are disclosed various methods, apparatuses and computer program products for video encoding. According to an embodiment, an encoding method comprises including a static media item into a container file; including one or more media tracks into the container file; indicating, in the file, that the static media item and one or more entities form a group; and indicating, in the file, a grouping type for the group. ... Nokia

08/11/16 / #20160231904

Apparatus and method for providing for receipt of indirect touch input to a touch screen display

Mechanisms are described for receiving touch inputs on a touch screen display in a way that does not obscure the images and content presented on the display. Content, including selectable elements, is displayed in a main portion of a display, where as an input region that does not overlap with the main portion is provided on the display for receiving touch input selecting particular selectable elements. ... Nokia

08/04/16 / #20160227559

Enhanced link adaptation

Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for enhanced link adaptation are provided. One method includes receiving, by a network node, channel state information (csi) feedback from at least one user equipment (ue), scheduling the same ues in one rank or more than one rank in the same subframe, and scheduling multiple ues on at least one same time-frequency resource.. ... Nokia

08/04/16 / #20160227529

Shared control channel structure

A shared control channel structure includes at least one control channel to be allocated at least to a user for at least one of uplink and downlink directions in a network, which the at least one control channel is arranged as at least a part of a modular structure comprising of modular code blocks on at least two different sizes. One of such modular structures may be represented as a tree structure in particular, where each of the modular code blocks define one node of the tree, respectively.. ... Nokia

08/04/16 / #20160227503

Method and apparatus for implementing a time-alignment guard timer

A method and apparatus may include receiving a time-alignment value for a time-alignment timer. The method may also include starting the time-alignment timer. ... Nokia

08/04/16 / #20160227470

Bluetooth low energy packets

A method comprises causing formation and transmission from a first terminal of a bluetooth low energy (ble) advertising packet, the ble advertising packet comprising an indication that content is available for transmission, and responding to receipt from a second terminal, which received the ble advertising packet, of an indication that the content is required to be transmitted to the second terminal by causing transmission of the content from the first terminal to the second terminal.. . ... Nokia

08/04/16 / #20160227454

Method, apparatus and computer program for control of a data bearer

A method including storing, at a first apparatus, information for identifying at least one data bearer, wherein the information includes an address and at least one further identifier for the data bearer; and wherein the data bearer is configured between s the aid first apparatus and one of a second apparatus and a third apparatus; and in response to receiving information, moving the at least one data bearer between the second apparatus and the third apparatus.. . ... Nokia

08/04/16 / #20160227440

Controlling lte/wi-fi aggregation

In accordance with the exemplary embodiments there is at least a method and apparatus to determine a level of benefit to at least one of a user equipment and a network to aggregate data traffic to or from the user equipment over more than one carrier; and based on the determining, indicate a traffic classification of the data traffic to or from the user equipment, wherein the traffic classification identifies the level of the benefit to aggregate the data traffic to or from the user equipment over the more than one carrier. Further, in accordance with the exemplary embodiments there is at least a method and apparatus to identify a traffic classification of data traffic to or from a user equipment; and based on the identified traffic classification, one of activate and deactivate an aggregation over more than one carrier of the data traffic to or from the user equipment, wherein the traffic classification identifies a level of benefit to at least one of the user equipment and a network to aggregate the data traffic to or from the user equipment over more than one carrier.. ... Nokia

08/04/16 / #20160227392

Method, apparatus, and computer program product for non-scannable device discovery

In an example embodiment, a method includes determining, by an apparatus, whether the apparatus provides data for other wireless devices to request from the apparatus in response to wireless device discovery messages transmitted by the apparatus; and transmitting, by the apparatus, wireless device discovery messages including an indication that additional information should not be requested from the apparatus in response to the wireless device discovery messages, without establishing a connection with the apparatus, the indication being in response to the determination that the apparatus does not provide data for other wireless devices to request from the apparatus in response to the wireless device discovery messages.. . ... Nokia

08/04/16 / #20160227364

Method and device for position determination

There is a mobile terminal including an antenna, a global positioning system (gps) receiver and at least two different applications. Each of the at least two different applications are executable on the mobile terminal. ... Nokia

08/04/16 / #20160226987

Utilizing information of a local network for determining presence state

Utilizing information of a local network for determining presence state involves coupling a mobile device to a local, ad-hoc, peer-to-peer network. State information of a data-processing device of the network is determined using the mobile device. ... Nokia

08/04/16 / #20160226857

Methods and apparatus of key pairing for d2d devices under different d2d areas

Methods and apparatus are provided for key pairing between peer d2d ues in different enbs or d2d areas. A method may comprise: receiving at a first access network node serving a first d2d area from a first user equipment in the first d2d area, a request for keys for a d2d communication between the first user equipment and a second user equipment, wherein the request comprises an identification of a second d2d area where the second user equipment is located and being different from the first d2d area; identifying a second access network node serving the second d2d area based on the identification; sending to the second access network node, a request for a security context of the second user equipment; and receiving from the second access network node the security context for obtaining the keys for the d2d communication.. ... Nokia

08/04/16 / #20160226802

Correlation of sent and received electronic message

Methods for showing a relationship between a sent electronic message and a received electronic message include: (a) sending an outgoing electronic messages from a first user terminal to a second user terminal over a communication network; (b) receiving an incoming electronic message from the second user terminal over the communication network; and (c) correlating the incoming electronic message with a subset of a plurality of outgoing electronic messages to which the incoming electronic message is responsive. Systems for showing such relationships are described.. ... Nokia

08/04/16 / #20160226647

Reference precoding vectors for multiple rank indications for channel quality indication (cqi) reporting in a wireless

An example technique may include determining, by a user device, a reference precoding vector for each of a plurality of rank indications, selecting, by the user device, a rank indication of the plurality of rank indications for data transmission based on reference signals received from the base station and the reference precoding vector for each rank indication, sending, from the user device to the base station, the selected rank indication for data transmission, determining, by the user device, one or more channel quality indications (cqis) for the data transmission based on the reference signals received from the base station, the selected rank indication and the reference precoding vector for the selected rank indication, and sending, by the user device to the base station, the determined one or more channel quality indications (cqis) for the selected rank indication.. . ... Nokia

08/04/16 / #20160226562

Method and apparatus for managing coordinated multi-point set

Embodiments of the disclosure provide methods and apparatuses for managing a comp set in a communication system employing an asa scheme. According to the method, change information about an affected cell is received, wherein the change information uses an asa frequency band and overlaps with a protected area of a primary system authorized with the asa frequency band. ... Nokia

08/04/16 / #20160224221

Apparatus for enabling displaced effective input and associated methods

An apparatus comprising: a processor; and a memory including computer program code, the memory and the computer program code configured, with the processor, to cause the apparatus to perform at least the following: enable, in response to receiving a present user input associated with a position on a screen of an electronic device, a user to interact with a graphical user interface at a determined displaced effective input position on the screen, wherein the position of the displaced effective input is displaced from the associated present user input screen position and is determined by scaling the displacement vector from a reference position associated with a reference user input to the spaced apart position of the received present user input.. . ... Nokia

08/04/16 / #20160224218

Access to contacts

A user interface includes a display and a controller, the controller being arranged to display an arrangement of at least one contact icon associated with a contact and to display a control icon, the control icon being associated with a function.. . ... Nokia

08/04/16 / #20160224119

Apparatus for unlocking user interface and associated methods

An apparatus comprising at least one processor and at least one memory including computer program code, the at least one memory and the computer program code configured to, with the at least one processor, enable the apparatus at least to: based on a determined characteristic of a received user interface unlock gesture associated with unlocking a user interface of an electronic device, unlock and orientate a display of the user interface such that it is orientated on a display screen of the electronic device according to an orientation associated with the determined characteristic.. . ... Nokia

08/04/16 / #20160223640

Radio and audio localization

In some example embodiments there is provided a method. The method may include receiving, at a user equipment, at least one radio signal and at least one audio signal received via a microphone at the user equipment; and determining, by the user equipment, a distance between the user equipment and at least one other device by at least determining angle of arrival for the at least one radio signal and determining a time difference of arrival for the audio signal received via the microphone. ... Nokia

08/04/16 / #20160223490

An apparatus and associated methods for analyte detection

An apparatus comprising a plurality of first elongate electrodes (101) separated from a plurality of second transversely oriented elongate electrodes (102) by an electrolyte (103), the plurality of transversely oriented first (101) and second (102) electrodes forming an array of respective electrochemical sensor nodes at the spaced crossings thereof, wherein the first electrodes (101) are configured such that the interaction of an analyte with the first electrode (101) at a sensor node affects an electrical property of the sensor node, and wherein the apparatus comprises respective terminals connected to each electrode (101, 102) for electrical connection to a measurement circuit to enable determination of the presence and/or amount of analyte at a particular sensor node based on a measurement of the electrical property of that sensor node.. . ... Nokia

07/28/16 / #20160219613

Dynamic tdd ul/dl configuration indication for tdd eimta in carrier aggregation

Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for time division duplex (tdd) uplink/downlink (ul/dl) configuration indication for tdd interference management and traffic adaptation (eimta) are provided. One method includes providing, by a network node, a time division duplex (tdd) uplink/downlink (ul/dl) configuration indication pattern. ... Nokia

07/28/16 / #20160219598

Enabling coexistence between wireless networks and radar systems

A method includes determining by a wireless access node of a wireless system whether the wireless system and a radar system are operating concurrently or will be operating concurrently within a predetermined time. Concurrent operation includes both the wireless system and the radar system using at least a portion of a wireless medium. ... Nokia

07/28/16 / #20160219582

Flexible frame structure

Apparatus and method for communication are provided. The solution comprises at least one processor; and at least one memory including computer program code, the at least one memory and the computer program code configured to, with the at least one processor, cause the apparatus at least to perform: to utilize in communication a first frame type comprising ofdma symbols of first fixed length and a second frame type comprising ofdma symbols of second fixed length, wherein the first length and the second length may be different; wherein the smallest common multiple of the frame types determines the shortest time interval with which the apparatus may change between the frame types.. ... Nokia

07/28/16 / #20160219574

Method and apparatus for device to device communication

Systems and techniques for managing the use of discovery resources in device to device communication-capable devices. A message is configured for transmission to one or more user devices by a base station to indicate permission or denial of discovery resources, and based on the message, one or more of the user devices receiving the message uses, or is inhibited from using, the resource. ... Nokia

07/28/16 / #20160219394

Method and apparatus for facilitating device-to-device communications

A method and apparatus can be configured to update status information on channel resources. The channel resources are configured for device-to-device communication by a cluster-wise manner. ... Nokia

07/28/16 / #20160219392

Audio recording and playback apparatus

An apparatus comprising: an input configured to receive at least two audio signals, the at least two audio signals having a relative displacement between them; an orientation determiner configured to determine an audio capture orientation based on a device orientation and information concerning microphone configuration in the apparatus; and an audio output generator configured to output the at least two audio signals based on the capture orientation, such that playback of the at least two audio signals is performed based on the capture orientation.. . ... Nokia

07/28/16 / #20160219082

Apparatus and method for lawful interception

In accordance with an example embodiment of the present invention, a method is provided for receiving (414) from a gateway apparatus an intercept request regarding user equipment in the communication system; creating or modifying a processing rule regarding the user equipment by including interception in the rule; transmitting (502) to a network switch processing user equipment connections a command to clone and encrypt each signalling or data packet of the user equipment connection and to transmit the encrypted signalling and data packets to a given network apparatus.. . ... Nokia

07/28/16 / #20160219042

Method and apparatus for providing authentication session sharing

An approach is provided for providing authentication session sharing between browsers and run time environments in network communication. An interface receives an authentication context associated with a first service. ... Nokia

07/28/16 / #20160219012

Method and apparatus for token determination for people awareness and location sharing

An example approach is provided for causing, at least in part, a generation of token data associated with at least one scheduled meeting between at least one first user and at least one second user. The approach also involves causing, at least in part, a transmission of the token data to at least one first device associated with the at least one first user and at least one second device associated with the at least one second user. ... Nokia

07/28/16 / #20160218912

Quality of experience aware transport self organizing network framework

Various networks may benefit from suitable management techniques and systems. For example long term evolution networks and other wireless communication networks may benefit from a quality of experience aware transport self-organizing network framework. ... Nokia

07/28/16 / #20160218869

Secured wireless communications

For secure wireless communications the sender device uses a rail encoder that outputs dual rail-encoded states of light in a time slot. The states of light dual rail-encode information according to a phase and/or intensity difference between the dual rails, and the rail-encoded states of light may further be converted to a polarization-encoded state. ... Nokia

07/28/16 / #20160218850

Method and apparatus for management of frequency-division-duplex and time-division-duplex carrier aggregation

A method and apparatus may predict a link quality. The method may also include determining a primary cell for a user equipment based on the predicted link quality. ... Nokia

07/28/16 / #20160218441

Apparatus and methods for wireless communication

An apparatus for wireless communication comprising: a conductive member (22) comprising: a first radiator (24) configured to resonate in an operational frequency band; a second radiator (26) configured to resonate in an operational frequency band; a first non-conductive slot (28) between at least the first radiator (24) and the second radiator (26), the first non-conductive slot (28) being oriented in a first direction (parallel to the y-axis 38); a third radiator (30) configured to resonate in an operational frequency band; and a second non-conductive slot (32) between at least the third radiator (30) and the first radiator (24), the second non-conductive slot (32) being oriented in a second direction (parallel to the x-axis 36), different to the first direction (38).. . ... Nokia

07/28/16 / #20160218416

Wireless communication

An apparatus comprising: a first feed point (26) coupled to a first conductive member (30), the first conductive member being coupled to a ground member (46) in at least two places, the first conductive member and ground member defining a first perimeter (50), wherein the first conductive member and at least a portion of the ground member are configured to resonate at least partially in a first operational frequency band; and a second feed point (28) coupled to a second conductive member (32), the second conductive member being disposed within the first perimeter, the second conductive member and at least a portion of the ground member defining a second perimeter (52) which is smaller than the first perimeter, and being configured to resonate in a second operational frequency band, different to the first operational frequency band.. . ... Nokia

07/28/16 / #20160217769

Display of a visual event notification

A method comprising entering a passive viewing state of an apparatus, determining occurrence of a software event, generating a visual event notification that is indicative of the software event based, at least in part, on the passive viewing state, causing display, on a display, of the visual event notification in conformance with an impaired-viewing display mode based, at least in part, on passive viewing state, receiving environmental sensor information, determining that the environmental sensor information indicates that the apparatus is actively viewed by a user, entering an active viewing state of the apparatus based, at least in part, on the determination that the environmental sensor information indicates that the apparatus is actively viewed by the user, and causing display, on the display, of different visual information in conformance with an unimpaired-viewing display mode based, at least in part, on the active viewing state is disclosed.. . ... Nokia

07/28/16 / #20160217751

Remote detection

An apparatus including a display panel, configured to be backlit by infrared light and visible light, including electronic circuitry configured to control transmission of visible light; and a plurality of discrete infrared light apertures configured to facilitate projection of a pattern of infrared light through the front face of the display panel for detecting an object in front of but not touching the front face of the display panel.. . ... Nokia

07/28/16 / #20160217554

Determination of a display angle of a display

A method comprising determining a first display angle of a display comprised by an apparatus with respect to gravity, determining a first contiguous subset of a sequential arrangement of information based, at least in part, on the first display angle, performing a first operation based, at least in part, on the first contiguous subset, determining a second display angle of the display with respect to gravity, the second display angle being different from the first display angle, determining a second contiguous subset of the sequential arrangement based, at least in part, on the second display angle, and performing a second operation based, at least in part, on the second contiguous subset is disclosed.. . ... Nokia

07/21/16 / #20160212771

Group communication

A method is disclosed for group communication in a communications system, the method including monitoring, in a user terminal, for broadcasted service data on a generic broadcast bearer associated with communication services. In response to receiving an indication of broadcasted service data appearing on the generic broadcast bearer, the user terminal may receive broadcasted service data on the generic broadcast bearer. ... Nokia

07/21/16 / #20160212765

Method and apparatus for implementing low-latency and robust uplink access

A method and apparatus may determine a plurality of access points. The plurality of access points belong to a cluster set of a user device. ... Nokia

07/21/16 / #20160212741

Method and apparatus for implementing efficient low-latency uplink access

A method and apparatus may determine a plurality of access points. The plurality of access points belong to a cluster set of a user device. ... Nokia

07/21/16 / #20160212685

Cluster set management in communication system

Cluster set management may benefit various communication systems. For example, a millimeter wave fifth generation (5g) system may benefit from cluster set management. ... Nokia

07/21/16 / #20160212680

Rapid rerouting in a communication system

Various communication systems may benefit from rerouting considerations. For example, fifth generation (5g) systems dealing with radio link failure detection and data rerouting, particularly mmwave 5g systems, may benefit from rapid rerouting methods and systems. ... Nokia

07/21/16 / #20160212562

Processing of multi device audio capture

It is inter alia disclosed to select, by a first apparatus, one or more recording devices to obtain a set of selected recording devices, or to receive, at the first apparatus, information on a set of one or more selected recording devices. The selected recording devices in the set of selected recording devices are selected from a set of recording devices at least based on relevance levels determined for the recording devices of the set of recording devices. ... Nokia

07/21/16 / #20160212442

Combined motion vector and reference index prediction for video coding

A system and method for improving the coding efficiency of motion vector information in video coding. According to various embodiments, a list of motion vector predictor candidates is arranged according to predefined rules. ... Nokia

07/21/16 / #20160212439

Apparatus, a method and a computer program for video coding and decoding

A method and related apparatus, the method comprising receiving a bitstream comprising picture data units on one or more scalability layers; determining a first set of layers that are decoded from the bitstream; decoding, from or along the bitstream, a first indication indicative of an end of a coded picture, wherein the first indication is associated with a first layer identifier; decoding, from or along the bitstream, a second indication indicative of a second set of layers that are not present in an access unit; and determining an end of the access unit, when the first layer identifier is the greatest among the first set of layers, or all layers with a layer identifier greater than the first identifier among the first set of layers are included in the second set of layers.. . ... Nokia

07/21/16 / #20160212194

Method, apparatus, and computer program product for device control

In an example embodiment, a method includes receiving, by an apparatus, an identifier associated with a device; transmitting a message to a remote server, requesting a user interface corresponding to a user function to be performed, the request message containing information including at least one of a user identifier, an indication of characteristics of the apparatus and an indication relating to the received identifier of the device; receiving from the server, information composed by the server based on the information transmitted to the server, the information received from the server including at least information suitable for compiling a user interface including parameters enabling controlling of the device; and providing a user interface compiled based on the received information, to enable a user of the apparatus to perform the user function of at least one of monitoring and controlling the device.. . ... Nokia

07/21/16 / #20160212178

Method and apparatus for sharing content consumption sessions at different devices

An approach is provided for a more efficient and user friendly mechanism for sharing, transferring, or continuing a content consumption session via another device. The approach includes a method for determining a request to share a content consumption session from at least one device associated with a user to at least one other device associated with the user. ... Nokia

07/21/16 / #20160212147

Method, apparatus, and computer program product for a server controlled device wakeup

In an example embodiment, a method includes receiving, by an apparatus, from a remote server, a message including information about at least one device, the message including a second encryption key of the at least one device and an encrypted object encrypted with a first encryption key of the at least one device; transmitting, by the apparatus, an encrypted message that includes the encrypted object, encrypted with the second encryption key of the at least one device; and receiving, by the apparatus, from the at least one device, a message identifying or describing the at least one device, only if the at least one device has determined that the message transmitted by the apparatus is valid.. . ... Nokia

07/21/16 / #20160212038

Methods and apparatus

A method comprises determining if a failure has occurred in a first path, an offload application server functionality being provided in said first path and if so, causing routing of said data via a second different path which bypasses said offload server functionality.. . ... Nokia

07/21/16 / #20160211948

Bundling harq feedback in a time division duplexing communication system

Feedback determined for a plurality of subframes within a time window in a time division duplex system is bundled into at least two sets of feedback information based on differently timed bundling windows defined based on subframe types. When feedback associated with the plurality of subframes is received, possible errors in the subframes is determined based on the at least two sets of feedback information.. ... Nokia

07/21/16 / #20160210826

Wearable electronic device

An apparatus including an elongated apparatus structure configured to fit around a body part of a user and an actuator configured to change shape of the elongated apparatus structure. The actuator is configured to change tightness of the elongated apparatus structure around the body part of the user based on an action the apparatus is performing.. ... Nokia

07/21/16 / #20160210111

Apparatus for enabling control input modes and associated methods

An apparatus comprising: a processor; and a memory including computer program code, the memory and the computer program code configured, with the processor, to cause the apparatus to perform at least the following: determine that one or more earphones of a headset are worn in a first earphone configuration with respect to the ears of a user; and enable, in response to said determination, a first control input mode being configured to enable detection of one or more defined user inputs to control respective one or more functions performable in that particular control input mode.. . ... Nokia

07/21/16 / #20160209998

Method and apparatus for inputting contents in a touch-screen device

The present invention relates to a method and apparatus for inputting content in a touch screen device. The method comprises: receiving content including selectable content items; receiving a single selection of at least one of the selectable content items; and in response to the single selection, adding the selected at least one of the selectable content items into response information for the received content. ... Nokia

07/21/16 / #20160209962

Adjustable shield electrode arrangement for capacitive touch sensor array

An apparatus including a plurality of distinct capacitive sensor electrodes distributed over a sensing area; conductive traces connected to respective ones of the plurality of distinct capacitive sensor electrodes; one or more first shield electrode portions, positioned on a first side of the sensing area to overlap, in the sensing area, at least some of the conductive traces, and one or more second shield electrode portions, positioned on the first side of the sensing area to overlap, in the sensing area, at least some of the capacitive sensor electrodes.. . ... Nokia

07/14/16 / #20160205685

Uplink inter-site carrier aggregation based on ue transmission power and secondary cell load

A method for use in a user equipment, including transferring data to the base station of a first cell (a1); sending an uplink scheduling request to the base station of a second cell (a3) in dependence on the condition that the user equipment has sufficient transmission power for performing inter-site carrier aggregation (a2); receiving an uplink resource allocation message from the base station of the second cell (a5) if the load of the second cell satisfies predetermined conditions (a4); transferring data to the base stations of the first and second cells via carrier aggregation (a6).. . ... Nokia

07/14/16 / #20160205645

Synchronization of a device in communications

A method for synchronizing communication devices comprises receiving, in a communication device (102), a first synchronization signal transmitted from a network apparatus (101). Based on the first synchronization signal, communication device (102) performs a coarse synchronization process. ... Nokia

07/14/16 / #20160205596

Network coordination apparatus

A method including receiving a message at a first cell including at least one of: state information for the first cell; and state information for any neighbouring cells of the first cell; and determining a neighbouring relationship between the first cell and any neighbouring cells.. . ... Nokia

07/14/16 / #20160205595

Methods and apparatus for radio link failure reporting

Systems and techniques for improved mobility robustness optimization. A user device experiencing a radio link failure sends a radio link failure report upon successfully connecting to a cell. ... Nokia

07/14/16 / #20160205594

Processor sleep mode communication handling

A method including determining when a processor of an apparatus is in a sleep mode; when the processor is determined to be in the sleep mode, and during a transport protocol session of the apparatus with a device, preventing an incoming transport packet of the transport protocol session from disturbing the sleep mode of the processor; and in response to the incoming transport packet, while the processor is in the sleep mode, transmitting an indication by the apparatus to the device.. . ... Nokia

07/14/16 / #20160205593

Traffic steering interface between mobile network operator and wi-fi service provider

The present invention addresses a method, apparatus and computer program product for providing a traffic steering interface between mobile network operator and wi-fi service provider. With the interface, access point related information from a traffic steering integration component of a wi-fi service provider network are forwarded to a traffic steering decision component of a mobile network, and traffic steering action requests from the traffic steering decision component are assigned to the traffic steering integration component.. ... Nokia

07/14/16 / #20160205592

Steering traffic between cellular networks and wlan networks

Methods and apparatus, including computer program products, are provided for steering traffic. In one aspect there is provided a method. ... Nokia

07/14/16 / #20160205577

Channel quality measurement and reporting in a dual connectivity scenario

Disclosed is a user equipment ue, which establishes connection with a macro enb (or master enb) and a small cell enb (or secondary enb), measures channel quality (cqi) of a signal received from the small cell enb, derives a second channel quality based on the measured channel quality of the signal received from the small cell enb, transmits information associated with the measured channel quality of the signal to the small cell enb and transmits information associated with the second channel quality to the macro enb.. . ... Nokia

07/14/16 / #20160205570

Radio access network (ran) transport evolved packet core (epc) synergy

Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for signaling support that define an open and extensible end-to-end network architecture. One method includes extracting, by an interface to a base station system, real-time and context related information from a radio access network, and transmitting the extracted real-time and context related information to an interface to a transport system.. ... Nokia

07/14/16 / #20160205561

Anonymization of asa/lsa repository data

It is provided a method, including mapping, based on a predefined zone mapping table, a share status of a geographically defined zone to a cell of a communication network; identifying, based on a predefined cell mapping table, a cell device related to the cell; and triggering issuing a command to the cell device to modify an activity status of a predefined radio resource in the cell depending on the share status.. . ... Nokia

07/14/16 / #20160205539

Configurable base station

In accordance with an example embodiment of the present invention, there is provided an apparatus, comprising at least one processing core configured to determine whether to switch a first base station from a first mode to a second mode, wherein when in the second mode the first base station is at least in part controlled by a second base station, and a transmitter configured to cause a message comprising an indication of the determination to be transmitted toward at least one of the first base station and the second base station.. . ... Nokia

07/14/16 / #20160205465

Speaker back cavity

An apparatus including a sound transducer; and a housing having the sound transducer connected thereto. The housing forms a substantially sealed air space back cavity acoustically coupled to the sound transducer. ... Nokia

07/14/16 / #20160205382

Method and apparatus for generating a labeled image based on a three dimensional projection

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided for generating a labeled image based on a three dimensional (3d) projection. A method is provided including receiving an input image and a 3d shape model associated with an object, generating a 3d projection based on the input image and the 3d shape model, extracting object features associated with a landmark location from the input image, estimating an object position based on the extracted features, determining a distance between a 3d shape landmark location and a true landmark location, applying a regression model based on the extracted feature and the distance between the 3d shape landmark location and the true landmark location, updating the 3d shape model landmark location of the 3d projection based on the regression, and generating a labeled image based on the updated 3d projection.. ... Nokia

07/14/16 / #20160205323

Method and apparatus for video anti-shaking

Embodiments of the present invention relate to method and apparatus for video anti-shaking. There is disclosed a method for use in a video anti-shaking, especially for real-time digital image stabilization, the method comprises: dividing at least one part of a current frame of a video into a plurality of regions (s301); performing a progressive local motion detection for each of the plurality of regions to determine a local motion vector for the region (s302, s303, s304); and determining a global motion vector for the current frame based on the local motion vectors for the plurality of regions (s305). ... Nokia

07/14/16 / #20160205128

Adaptive security indicator for wireless devices

Methods and apparatus, including computer program products, are provided for adaptive security. In one aspect there is provided a method. ... Nokia

07/14/16 / #20160205114

Method and apparatus for privacy-enhanced evidence evaluation

A method for privacy-enhanced evidence evaluation may comprise: sending a request for pre-evaluation information regarding evidence data of a target object to a first network entity from a requesting node; obtaining the pre-evaluation information from the first network entity, in response to successful verification of the requesting node at a second network entity; and calculating an evidence evaluation of the target object based at least in part on the pre-evaluation information, wherein the pre-evaluation information comprises re-encrypted evidence data of the target object associated with one or more time slots, and wherein the re-encrypted evidence data of the target object at an associated time slot is resulted at least in part from encrypted evidence data of the target object collected by the first network entity from one or more evidence providers at the associated time slot, by using a re-encryption key from the second network entity.. . ... Nokia

07/14/16 / #20160205075

Implementation of an integrity-protected secure storage

An internal but not integrated security token is provided for a device which includes a first integrated circuitry including a secure processor. The security token is provided by a second integrated circuitry separate from the first circuitry. ... Nokia

07/14/16 / #20160205057

Apparatus and method for providing connections to contacts based on associations with content

Mechanisms are described for determining a contact associated with keywords of content presented to a user and for enabling communication with the contact via the same user interface via which the content is presented. At least one keyword is identified relating to content presented to the user via the user interface, and a contact is determined that is associated with the keyword identified. ... Nokia

07/14/16 / #20160204996

Subscriber tracing in communications

A method is disclosed for subscriber tracing in a communications system. The method comprises receiving, in a gateway apparatus (ggsn, pgw) from an o&m unit, a command message for triggering a subscriber tracing functionality. ... Nokia

07/14/16 / #20160204752

Apparatus and method in apparatus

There are disclosed various methods and apparatuses. In some embodiments of the method an input signal is provided to an input of a first transistor of a push-pull circuit via a first slew-rate adjuster; and the input signal is also provided to an input of a second transistor of the push-pull circuit via a second slew-rate adjuster. ... Nokia

07/14/16 / #20160203450

Managing information relating to secure module applications

An apparatus capable of hosting a secure module, which secure module comprises at least one secure module application. The apparatus is configured to provide connectivity to the secure module. ... Nokia

07/14/16 / #20160202948

Causation of stylistic mimicry on a companion apparatus

An apparatus for performing causing establishment of a communication channel between the an apparatus and a separate apparatus, identifying the separate apparatus as a companion apparatus, causing sending of an interface style mimicry directive to the separate apparatus based, at least in part, on the identification of the companion apparatus, the interface style mimicry directive being a directive that instructs the separate apparatus to perform user interaction in compliance with the interface style mimicry directive absent control from the apparatus, and causing termination of the communication channel is disclosed.. . ... Nokia

07/07/16 / #20160198439

Method and apparatus for handling carrier aggregation and related signaling

A method and apparatus can be configured to receive, by the apparatus, a configuration for a carrier. The carrier deploys at least one cell to be used for carrier aggregation. ... Nokia

07/07/16 / #20160198374

Detection and recovery from loss of small cell connection

In accordance with an example embodiment of the present invention, an apparatus comprising: at least one processor; and at least one memory including computer program code, wherein the at least one memory and the computer program code are configured to, with the at least one processor, cause the apparatus to perform at least the following: establish connection with a first cell and a second cell, wherein the connection with the first cell and the second cell is configured in a time division multiplexing pattern; determine the connection with the second cell failed; and indicate to the first cell that the connection with the second cell has failed.. . ... Nokia

07/07/16 / #20160198364

Offloading traffic of a user equipment communication session from a cellular communication network to a wireless local area network (wlan)

A user equipment including at least one processor, and at least one memory for storing instructions to be executed by the processor, wherein the at least one memory and the instructions are configured to, with the at least one processor, cause the user equipment at least: to conduct a processing for deciding whether or not it is acceptable to divert at least a part of a communication traffic of a communication currently conducted by the user equipment with a first communication network to a second communication network, in case the decision is that it is not acceptable, to prepare a report indicating that the diversion of the communication traffic to the second communication network is not conducted, and to cause a transmission of the report to the first communication network.. . ... Nokia

07/07/16 / #20160198316

Network assisted automatic clustering to enable victim to victim communication

Various communication systems may benefit from network assisted automatic clustering. For example, wireless communication systems may benefit from such clustering that enables victim to victim communication after the network becomes unavailable, for example due to a disaster. ... Nokia

07/07/16 / #20160198027

Apparatus for wireless communication

An apparatus (122) including: a first feed point (26); a first radiator (28) coupled to the first feed point; a housing defining an interior surface (30) of the apparatus and including a first conductive cover portion (24) coupled to the first radiator; a ground member (18) coupled to the first conductive cover portion and positioned at least partially within the interior surface (30) of the housing, at least the first conductive cover portion and the first radiator having an electrical length configured to resonate in a first operational frequency band, the first radiator being configured to electromagnetically couple to the first conductive cover portion.. . ... Nokia

07/07/16 / #20160198011

Method, apparatus and system for enhancing a user's engagement with a service

Method, apparatus, system, computer program product and computer readable medium are disclosed for enhancing a user's engagement or experience with a service. The method comprises obtaining the user's current active level with respect to the service with respect to the service; determining a target active level; and sending the user a notification about the service at a time determined based on the user's current active level and the target active level, so that the user is notified of the service without being severely annoyed.. ... Nokia

07/07/16 / #20160197928

Seamless wi-fi subscription remediation

The exemplary embodiments include a method to perform, based on at least one of hypertext transport protocol and non-hypertext transport protocol traffic tests failing, sending an hypertext transport protocol message to a subscription remediation server uri that carries a package1 message, receiving an hypertext transport protocol response from the subscription mediation server with a package2 message, and automatically replacing a password with a new value, automatically initiating creation of a new client certificate, or launching a browser to a uri provided in the response to enable user intervention. In addition, to receive an access request from a device, determining whether credentials are valid, and if the credentials are determined valid, sending an access-accept message with a success indication, and if the credentials are determined not valid, sending an access-accept message with a success indication and an indication that access by the device is limited to only a subscription remediation server.. ... Nokia

07/07/16 / #20160197922

Method and apparatus for providing bootstrapping procedures in a communication network

An approach is provided for performing authentication in a communication system. In one embodiment, a key is established with a terminal in a communication network according to a key agreement protocol. ... Nokia

07/07/16 / #20160197427

Battery connector and manufacturing method therefor

A connector comprises an insulating housing (10) defining a plurality of isolated terminal chambers and a plurality of conductive terminals (20) disposed in respective terminal chambers of the insulating housing. Each of the terminal chambers has a bottom portion (101) on one side of the insulating housing and an opening (102) through a surface (103) on the opposite side of the insulating housing. ... Nokia

07/07/16 / #20160196134

Secure storage synchronization

Methods and apparatus, including computer program products, are provided for secure storage synchronization. In one aspect there is provided a method. ... Nokia

07/07/16 / #20160195925

Determination of an operation

A method comprising entering a passive viewing state of an apparatus, receiving information indicative of a first input, determining a first operation based, at least in part, on a passive viewing state and the first input, performing the first operation, receiving environmental sensor information, determining that the environmental sensor information indicates that the apparatus is actively viewed by a user, entering of an active viewing state of the apparatus based, at least in part, on the determination that the environmental sensor information indicates that the apparatus is actively viewed by the user, receiving information indicative of a second input, the second input being substantially the same as the first input, determining a second operation based, at least in part, on the active viewing state and the second input, the second operation being different from the first operation, and performing the second operation is disclosed.. . ... Nokia

07/07/16 / #20160195901

An apparatus and method of providing an apparatus comprising a bendable portion

An apparatus and method wherein the apparatus includes a bendable display; a substrate configured to support the bendable display wherein the substrate includes at least one bendable portion configured to enable the bendable display to be moved between an open configuration and a closed configuration; and a support structure provided adjacent to the bendable portion of the substrate configured to provide a rigid support for the bendable portion of the substrate, at least, when the display is in the closed configuration.. . ... Nokia

06/16/16 / #20160174283

Method and apparatus for improving a procedure for connecting

A method and apparatus can be configured to choose a cell. The method also includes choosing whether to use a convection establishment procedure or a connection re-establishment procedure. ... Nokia

06/16/16 / #20160174269

Methods and apparatus for device to device communication

Systems and techniques for managing collisions in discovery of device to device communication capable devices. Depending on whether collision probability is high or low, collision avoidance, or collision detection, may be performed. ... Nokia

06/16/16 / #20160174256

Identifying and communicating coverage shortfall for machine type communication devices

Various communication systems may benefit from identification of and communication of coverage shortfall. For example, certain communication systems that employ machine type communication devices may benefit from having such shortfall communicated from the devices to a base station. ... Nokia

06/16/16 / #20160174186

Location configuration information

A location configuration information response (250) comprises a single frame of data. The response includes a data field having a length equal to the length indicated in the length field and including data indicating yaw, pitch and roll orientation parameter values of the subject. ... Nokia

06/16/16 / #20160174177

Timing advance methods and apparatuses

Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for defining a time advance (ta) value are provided. One method includes defining, by a network node, a timing advance value that is signaled to at least one user equipment. ... Nokia

06/16/16 / #20160174112

Methods, apparatuses and computer program products for fast handover

Provided are methods, corresponding apparatuses, and computer program products for a fast handover. A method comprises generating, at a source base station serving a user equipment, a first message and a second message including security information for security communication between a target base station and the user equipment after a fast handover. ... Nokia

06/16/16 / #20160174088

Distributed small-cell search

Methods and apparatus, including computer program products, are provided for distributed small cell scanning. In some example embodiments, the method may include receiving, at a first user equipment, an indication to perform a distributed scan for one or more carrier frequencies with at least a second user equipment proximate to the first user equipment; performing, by the first user equipment in response to the received indication, the distributed scan by measuring a first carrier frequency during a first time period; and sending a measurement report of the first carrier frequency, when detected by the first user equipment. ... Nokia

06/16/16 / #20160174058

Device discovery

A technique for wireless communication is provided. According to an example embodiment, the technique comprises selectively operating a wireless transceiver in an apparatus in one of a first state and a second state in dependence of sufficiency of operating power available for the apparatus, wherein the first state is an operational state where the wireless transceiver is discoverable and connectable by other devices and wherein the second state is an operational state where the wireless transceiver is discoverable but not connectable by other devices, determining whether sufficient operating power is available for the apparatus, and operating the wireless transceiver in the first state in response to the determination being affirmative and otherwise operating the wireless transceiver in the second state.. ... Nokia

06/16/16 / #20160174029

Positioning

An exemplary method includes: receiving messages from plural positioning devices; decoding from a message received from a first positioning device information identifying a mobile device and a signal strength measure relating to a strength of a signal received from the mobile device at the first positioning device; using the signal strength measure to calculate a threshold signal strength; and distributing the threshold signal strength to the plural positioning devices. An exemplary apparatus and computer readable medium configured to perform the method are also disclosed.. ... Nokia

06/16/16 / #20160174020

Method, apparatus, and computer program product for management of connected devices, such as in a wireless docking environment- intelligent and automatic connection activation

Method, apparatus, and computer program product embodiments enable a wireless docking center device to manage one or more wireless and/or wired peripheral devices on behalf of a wireless dockee device. In an example embodiment, a wireless docking system may automatically provide only those peripherals to user's attention, which are in direct relation to user's activity and are meaningful to the user at each point in time. ... Nokia

06/16/16 / #20160173869

Multi-camera system consisting of variably calibrated cameras

An apparatus comprises a main camera configured to produce a high quality image; at least two auxiliary cameras configured to produce images of lower quality; and electronic circuitry linked to the main camera and the at least two auxiliary cameras, the electronic circuitry comprising a controller having a memory and a processor, the electronic circuitry configured to operate on data pertaining to the high quality image and pertaining to the images of lower quality to produce an enhanced high quality image as output data.. . ... Nokia

06/16/16 / #20160173489

Communication using over-the-top identities without centralized authority

Various communication systems may benefit from ways of communicating in the absence of a centralized authority. For example, certain wireless communication systems may benefit from victim to victim communication using over-the-top (ott) identities in a disaster device-to- device (d2d) scenario. ... Nokia

06/16/16 / #20160173474

Method, device and system for network-based remote control over contactless secure storages

A typical system environment comprises a terminal device, a secure storage subsystem, and an interconnectivity component. The terminal device has a network connectivity subsystem enabled for data connectivity with a wireless communications network. ... Nokia

06/16/16 / #20160173184

Apparatus and method for multiple antenna systems

An apparatus including a plurality of radio ports for interconnection with radio circuits, a plurality of antenna ports for interconnection with antennas, interconnection circuitry configured to enable interconnection of each of one or more radio ports to different non-overlapping sets of p antenna ports, where p is controllable and p=2p, p being a whole number; and at least one control port configured to receive a control signal for determining p.. . ... Nokia

06/16/16 / #20160173140

Method and apparatus for an antenna

There are disclosed various methods and apparatuses for an antenna. In some embodiments of the method a transmission signal is provided to a first feed point (126) of an antenna (102). ... Nokia

06/16/16 / #20160171871

Method and apparatus for selectively configuring alarms prior to commencing silent mode of operation

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided to selectively configure alarms prior to commencement of a silent mode of operation. In the context of a method, an indication of at least a start time for a silent mode of operation of a device is received. ... Nokia

06/16/16 / #20160171558

Method, apparatus and computer program product for providing indications regarding recommended content

An apparatus for providing indications regarding recommended content may include a processor. The processor may be configured to receive an indication of a recommended content item, determine a recommendation criteria associated with the recommended content item, select a graphical symbol for presentation in association with the recommended content item in which the graphical symbol is indicative of the recommendation criteria associated with the recommended content item, and provide for display of the graphical symbol.. ... Nokia

06/16/16 / #20160170707

Method and apparatus for controlling audio output

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided to enhance the experience of a user of a computing device, such as a computing device having a plurality of speakers. In the context of a method, content is caused to be presented upon the display. ... Nokia

06/16/16 / #20160170593

A hovering field

An apparatus, method, and computer program product for: associating a first item with a first portion of a hovering field, the hovering field at least partially encompassing a device, and associating a second item with a second portion of the hovering field, wherein the relative positions of the first portion and the second portion correspond to the relative positions of the first item and the second item in a data structure.. . ... Nokia

06/16/16 / #20160170568

Causing display of a notification

A method comprising determining that a flexible display, which comprises a flexural display region between a non-flexural display region and an opposite non-flexural display region, is configured in a closed configuration, determining to cause display of a notification, determining a notification display region based, at least in part, on the closed configuration, and causing display of a representations of the notification in the notification display region is disclosed.. . ... Nokia

06/16/16 / #20160170287

Optical beams

Apparatuses and methods for producing and/or receiving an optical beam are disclosed, a phased array on a chip comprises phase shifters and off-chip couplers to provide phase controlled pixels. An optical system is arranged in front of the phased array. ... Nokia

06/16/16 / #20160169930

Method and apparatus for providing adaptive display and filtering of sensors and sensor data

An approach is provided for adaptive display and filtering of sensors and sensor data. A sensor manager determines one or more signals associated with one or more sensors. ... Nokia

06/09/16 / #20160165642

Latency reduction for user equipment with bursty interactive traffic

In accordance with the exemplary embodiments there is at least a method and apparatus configured to establish, by a user equipment, a radio resource control connected state of a communication link; receive an indication instructing the user equipment to maintain at least one element of the radio resource control connected state of the communication link; and maintaining indefinitely the at least one element of the radio resource control connected state, wherein the at least one element is to be maintained after a data transfer using the radio resource control connected state of the communication link. Further there is establishing a radio resource control connected state of a communication link with a user equipment; receiving data on the communication link from the user equipment; and sending a message instructing the user equipment to maintain indefinitely at least one element of the radio resource control connected state of the communication link.. ... Nokia

06/09/16 / #20160165641

Network assisted automatic disaster trigger to enable device-to-device (d2d) ad hoc communication

Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for automatically switching to d2d communication in a disaster situation is provided. One method includes receiving, by a user equipment, a list of base station sites comprising locations and geographical signal coverage of the base station sites and a list of wi-fi access points comprising locations and geographical signal coverage of the wi-fi access points. ... Nokia

06/09/16 / #20160165629

Methods and apparatus

A method includes receiving information at a base station for a plurality of user equipment, said information including respective data for a plurality of user equipment, said respective data to be transmitted in a same scheduling interval, and causing said respective data to be transmitted in the same scheduling interval.. . ... Nokia

06/09/16 / #20160165492

Method and apparatus to handle user equipment context for dual connectivity in enhanced small cell networks

Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for handling user equipment (ue) context for dual connectivity in, for example, enhanced small cell networks are provided. One method includes associating small cell identifiers that are assigned by an anchor evolved node b (enb) with a unique cell identifier related to the anchor enb, and reporting user equipment (ue) history information in dual connectivity mode to a target evolved node b (enb). ... Nokia

06/09/16 / #20160165491

A method and apparatus for proxy algorithm identity selection

A method for proxy algorithm identity selection may comprise: selecting, at a first network node, a security algorithm identity for a user equipment which is determined to handover to a second network node, based at least in part on security information of the user equipment and a list of security algorithm identities for the second network node; generating security keys for a communication between the user equipment and the second network node, based at least in part on the selected security algorithm identity; providing the security keys and the selected security algorithm identity to the second network node from the first network node; and sending the selected security algorithm identity to the user equipment from the first network node, in response to a handover acknowledgement from the second network node.. . ... Nokia

06/09/16 / #20160165478

Methods and apparatuses for load balancing in a self-organising network

A method including obtaining information including at least one indicator at a first cell; and using said information to determine the available capability of said first cell for load balancing between said first cell and at least one second cell in a self-organising network.. . ... Nokia

06/09/16 / #20160165431

Mme selection upon inter-rat mobility from geran/utran to e-utran

It is provided a method, comprising monitoring whether an apparatus will perform a first mobility procedure from a first network of a first radio access technology to a first other network of a second radio access technology; storing an old identifier, wherein the old identifier identifies a first network element of the first network to which the apparatus is registered before the first mobility procedure starts; monitoring whether the apparatus performs a second mobility procedure from a second other network of a third radio access technology to a second network of the first technology; retrieving the stored old identifier; providing a mapped identifier and the retrieved old identifier to a base station of the second network when the apparatus performs the second mobility procedure, wherein the mapped identifier is based on an identification of a part of the second other network to which the apparatus is registered.. . ... Nokia

06/09/16 / #20160165248

An apparatus, a method and a computer program for video coding and decoding

A method for decoding an encoded video representation from a bitstream, the method comprising decoding an identifier indicating that all samples within a scope of the bitstream have been coded with a prediction restriction; determining that the scope covers a region of interest within a picture; decoding at least a first coding unit preceding said region of interest in decoding order in a parse mode such that syntax elements belonging to said at least first coding unit are parsed, but a sample reconstruction process of said syntax elements is omitted; and decoding at least a second coding unit belonging to said region of interest such that syntax elements belonging to said at least second coding unit are parsed and a sample reconstruction process is performed to said syntax elements.. . ... Nokia

06/09/16 / #20160164835

Network consolidation by means of virtualization

An apparatus, comprising an enhanced function block and a stateless function block; main routing means for routing, based on a header of a data packet and an incoming port, the data packet to one of the enhanced function block and the stateless function block; wherein the enhanced function blocks comprises providing means for providing an information comprised in the data packet to a control device; an enhanced function means for executing an enhanced function on the data packet to obtain a first processed data packet addressed to a destination address, wherein the enhanced function is based on an instruction for the data packet received in response to the provided information; and a first routing means for routing the first processed data packet to the destination address; and the stateless function blocks comprises a stateless function means for executing a stateless function on the data packet, wherein the stateless function is not based on an instruction for the data packet received in response to providing information comprised in the data packet to a control device, in order to, thus, obtain a second processed data packet; and returning means for returning the second processed data packet to the main routing means.. . ... Nokia

06/09/16 / #20160164732

System and method for rule creation and parameter adaptation by data mining in a self-organizing network

Data mined in a radio access and transport network is used to create or adapt son rules and son parameters. More particularly, the analytics of “big data” mined in the network are used to generate new or modified son rules and/or parameters, in realtime, in an automated way (i.e., substantially without human interaction in creating/updating the rules and/or parameters). ... Nokia

06/09/16 / #20160164680

An identification token

An approach for obtaining and applying an identification token is provided. One approach includes obtaining one or more tokens for screening incoming communication items to a first user, encrypting the one or more tokens to create respective one or more encrypted tokens, and providing the one or more encrypted tokens to one or more second users for subsequent use in communication to the first user to enable the first user to screen incoming communication items. ... Nokia

06/09/16 / #20160164470

Method, apparatus and system for envelope tracking

This disclosure relates generally to the field of wireless communication infrastructure, and more particularly to a method, apparatus and system for envelope tracking. The system for envelope tracking comprising: a transistor; an rf transistor; a driver; a switcher current source; and a subtracting network; wherein the system is configured such that when an envelope voltage is less than a predetermined voltage value, the rf transistor is configured for decreasing an amount of absorbed biasing current, and when the envelope voltage is greater than a predetermined voltage value, the rf transistor is configured for increasing an amount of absorbed biasing current. ... Nokia

06/09/16 / #20160164169

Apparatus and methods for wireless communication

An apparatus comprising: a first cover member configured to define an exterior surface of an electronic device, the first cover member including a first conductive portion (30) defining at least a first edge (32) and a second edge (34) of the electronic device, the first edge (32) being shorter than the second edge (34) and defining an aperture (36) therein; a first feed point (26) coupled to the first conductive portion along the first edge (32) at a first side of the aperture (36); and a second feed point (28) coupled to the first conductive portion along the first edge (32) at a second side of the aperture (36), opposite to the first side of the aperture.. . ... Nokia

06/09/16 / #20160162679

Methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for hiding access to information in an image

Methods, apparatuses, and computer program products are herein provided for hiding access to information in an image. A method may include receiving user input indicating a desire of a user to magnify a region within an image to a level of magnification. ... Nokia

06/09/16 / #20160161569

Method for detecting failure of energy harvesting device

The invention relates to a method that comprises: obtaining information relating to an energy harvesting device (11) from a secondary information source by a server (15) comprising a mapping database, comparing a mapping database, comparing the obtained information to the information in the mapping database by the server (15), and determining a default state of the energy harvesting device (11). The invention further relates to an apparatus, a system and a computer program product comprising instructions to perform the method.. ... Nokia

06/09/16 / #20160161340

An apparatus for sensing

An apparatus comprising: a sensor (1) configured to sense electromagnetic radiation (15) wherein the sensor (1) comprises a sensing portion (3) comprising a pyroelectric material (4) configured to be responsive to incident electromagnetic radiation (15) and a transducing portion (7) configured to convert the response of the pyroelectric material (4) into an output signal; and at least one antenna (21) configured to direct the electromagnetic radiation (15) onto the sensor (1).. . ... Nokia

06/09/16 / #20160158643

Game data and speech transfer to and from wireless portable game terminal

Game data and speech transfer to and from a wireless portable game terminal is disclosed. The wireless portable game terminal includes a radio transceiver configured to transfer speech and game data through a radio connection to a telecommunication system, a loudspeaker, a microphone, and a processing unit. ... Nokia

06/02/16 / #20160157297

Method of coordinating a communication network

. . A method of coordinating a communication network comprising a self-coordination network coordinator is provided, wherein the method comprises receiving dynamic context information at the self-coordination network coordinator and performing a coordination of at least one self-organising network function instance based on the received dynamic context information.. . ... Nokia

06/02/16 / #20160157283

Mobility management for device-to-device communications

There are provided measures for mobility management for device-to-device communications. Such measures exemplarily include receiving a radio handover request message indicating that a radio handover of at least one communication endpoint utilizing device-to-device communication is to be hidden from core network, and determining, based on device-to-device context information, which is information on said device-to-device communication, and/or on information on said at least one communication endpoint, whether a notification of said radio handover is to be transmitted.. ... Nokia

06/02/16 / #20160157248

Subframe configuration for performing ul-dl interference measurement in guard period of special subframe for wireless networks

Various example embodiments are disclosed herein. A technique is provided for selecting, by a measuring bs, a special subframe configuration to be used by the measuring bs for measuring interference from an interfering station, sending, by the measuring bs, a message to one or more other bss, the message including a special subframe configuration code identifying the special subframe configuration to be used by the measuring bs, a cell id of the interfering station and an interference type as either uplink (ul) interference or downlink (dl) interference, and measuring, by the measuring bs, interference from the interfering station during a guard period within one or more special subframes having the identified special subframe configuration. ... Nokia

06/02/16 / #20160157243

Network assisted interference suppression

The exemplary embodiments provide at least a method for receiving from a serving access node information of communications of at least one other access node, the information comprising interference conditions of at least one distributed enhanced physical downlink control channel set used by the at least one other access node, and the communications comprising transmissions from two or more antenna ports of the at least one other access node, estimating different interference conditions with respect to communications from different antenna ports of the two or more antenna ports based on the information; and using an enhanced receiver based on the estimated at least two different interference conditions. Further, the exemplary embodiments provide at least determining by a serving access node information of interference conditions of at least one distributed enhanced physical downlink control channel set used by at least one other access node; and sending towards user equipment the information.. ... Nokia

06/02/16 / #20160157155

Selective bearer splitting in cell system

Selective bearer splitting may be of benefit to various communication systems. For example, selective bearer splitting may beneficial to small cell systems of the third generation partnership project (3gpp) or similar systems. ... Nokia

06/02/16 / #20160157142

Lte discovery after system change

A user equipment is initially camped on an lte/e-utran cell (205). An enodeb informs (210) the ue to return after circuit-switched fall-back, csfb, and optionally provides re-direction/re-selection information. ... Nokia

06/02/16 / #20160157140

Capability handling after inter radio access technology handover

There are provided measures for capability handling after inter radio access technology handover. Such measures exemplarily include deciding whether mobile device capability information is to be transmitted, and transmitting, based on affirmative result of said deciding, said mobile device capability information.. ... Nokia

06/02/16 / #20160157116

Methods, apparatuses, and computer-readable storage media for inter-frequency small cell detection and reporting

A user equipment receives a first measurement setting for synchronization signal detection, and a second measurement setting for radio resource management measurement. The first measurement setting includes a first gap length and a first measurement gap repetition period, and the second measurement setting includes a second gap length and a second measurement gap repetition period. ... Nokia

06/02/16 / #20160157103

Sharing operating frequency amongst wireless networks

A method, apparatus, and computer program for operating a shared spectrum pool in a cellular communication system is disclosed. The method includes: selecting, by a network apparatus of a first cellular communication system, a first frequency sub-band comprised in a shared spectrum pool of a licensed frequency spectrum as a primary sub-band, wherein the shared spectrum pool is divided into a plurality of sub-bands; forming, by the network apparatus, a frequency allocation pattern for the first frequency band, wherein the frequency allocation pattern specifies frequency allocation to at least one base station of the first cellular communication system within the first frequency sub-band; causing, by the network apparatus, said at least one base station of the first cellular communication system to occupy the first frequency sub-band according to the frequency allocation pattern; and causing, by the network apparatus, at least one base station of the first cellular communication system to occupy a second frequency sub-band comprised in the shared spectrum pool of a licensed frequency spectrum, wherein the second sub-band is a primary sub-band of a second cellular communication system.. ... Nokia

06/02/16 / #20160157088

Method and apparatus for the activation of services

An approach is provided for presenting an activation indicator to a user. A connection with a mobile device is detected. ... Nokia

06/02/16 / #20160157083

Connection creation

A technique for facilitating establishment of a wireless connection is provided. According to an example embodiment, the technique comprises receiving one or more device discovery messages, transmitting, in response to receiving at least one device discovery message, one or more device discovery response messages to a source of the at least one device discovery message, carrying out, in response to receiving the at least one device discovery message, a further signaling with the source, the further signaling comprising receiving one or more further inbound signaling messages that carry information related to connection creation with the source, determining, in dependence of the one or more further signaling messages received from the source, whether a connection creation with the source is to be initiated, and transmitting, in response to the determination being affirmative one or more outbound connection request messages to initiate the connection creation with the source.. ... Nokia

06/02/16 / #20160157078

Method, apparatus, and computer program product for device discovery

In an example embodiment, a method includes establishing, by an apparatus, pairing with another wireless device to establish a secure relationship with the other device over a first wireless carrier and transmitting a device address of the apparatus associated with the secure relationship over the first wireless carrier; receiving, by the apparatus, wireless paging messages over a second wireless carrier from the other wireless device, the wireless paging messages being addressed to the apparatus using the device address associated with the secure relationship transmitted over the first wireless carrier; and exchanging, by the apparatus, paging response messages over the second wireless carrier with the other wireless device, and establishing a wireless connection over the second wireless carrier with the other wireless device.. . ... Nokia

06/02/16 / #20160157048

Handling bluetooth low energy messages

This specification describes a method comprising responding to receipt of a first bluetooth low energy (ble) advertising message, the first ble advertising message comprising advertising data and an address of a source device from which the advertising data derived, by forming and causing transmission of a second ble advertising message including the advertising data and the address of the source device. This specification also describes apparatuses and computer program code for causing performance of the method. ... Nokia

06/02/16 / #20160157044

Local communication interception

In accordance with an example embodiment of the present invention, there is provided an apparatus, comprising communication circuitry configured to receive a message, and execution circuitry configured to, in response to the message comprising an instruction to intercept a direct device-to-device (d2d) communication, render the apparatus capable of storing at least in part the direct device-to-device communication in at least one of the apparatus and a memory. The intercepting may comprise lawful interception.. ... Nokia

06/02/16 / #20160156917

An apparatus, a method and a computer program for video coding and decoding

A method for decoding a scalable bitstream comprising a base layer and at least one enhancement layer, the method comprising obtaining information regarding a set of tiles in an enhancement layer picture; obtaining information regarding a set of tiles in a base layer picture; obtaining coding constraints for said set of tiles in the enhancement layer picture, the coding constraints comprising at least inter-layer prediction constraints in with respect to the base layer picture; and decoding said set of tiles in the enhancement layer picture according to the coding constraints as an independently decodable region.. . ... Nokia

06/02/16 / #20160156702

Network element and method of running applications in a cloud computing system

A network element for a cloud computing system is provided, wherein the cloud computing system is adapted for running applications, in particular different kinds of applications, wherein the network element comprises a receiving unit adapted to receive a resource request for running of an application, a determination unit adapted to determine whether the application is a non-sdn-aware application, and a mediator unit adapted to provide sdn context to the network element in case it is determined that the application is a non-sdn-aware application.. . ... Nokia

06/02/16 / #20160156670

Method and apparatus for transforming application access and data storage details to privacy policies

An approach is provided for transforming application access and data storage details associated with a mobile device to application specific privacy policies. A policy platform processes and/or facilitates a processing of an application code to identify one or more application programming interfaces invoked by the application code. ... Nokia

06/02/16 / #20160156593

Method and apparatus for anonymous authentication on trust in social networking

A method for anonymous trust authentication may comprise: issuing trust information to a first node from a network entity, wherein the trust information indicates a trust evaluation for the first node; distributing a trust list to a plurality of nodes comprising at least the first node and a second node, wherein the trust list is associated with the trust evaluation for the first node, and wherein the trust information and the trust list are used for an anonymous trust authentication between the first node and the second node.. . ... Nokia

06/02/16 / #20160156435

Feedback in a communication system

A method and apparatus relating to feedback in a communication system. The method includes receiving feedback relating to a transmission slot; and subsequently determining the type of transmission slot the feedback relates to.. ... Nokia

06/02/16 / #20160156404

Establishment of packet data network connection via relay user equipment

Various communication systems may benefit from the use of relayed packet data connection. Moreover, such communication systems may benefit from methods and systems for the establishment of a packet data network connection for a proximity services user equipment via a relay user equipment. ... Nokia

06/02/16 / #20160155455

A shared audio scene apparatus

An apparatus comprising: an input configured to select at least two audio signals; a classifier configured to segment the at least two audio signals based on at least two defined class definitions; a class segment analyser configured to determine a difference measure between at least a pair of common class segments from the at least two audio signals using a class based analyser; and a difference analyser configured to determine the at least two audio signal common class segments are within a common event space based on the difference measure.. . ... Nokia

06/02/16 / #20160155255

Method and apparatus for generating an image

In accordance with an example embodiment of the present invention, an apparatus, comprising a processor configured to determine a position information related to a first media object, determine a position information related to a second media object, and automatically generate at least one image based at least in part on the position information related to the first media object and based at least in part on the position information related to said second media object is disclosed.. . ... Nokia

06/02/16 / #20160154999

Objection recognition in a 3d scene

A method comprising: obtaining a three-dimensional (3d) point cloud about at least one object of interest; detecting ground and/or building objects from 3d point cloud data using an unsupervised segmentation method; removing the ground and/or building objects from the 3d point cloud data; and detecting one or more vertical objects from the remaining 3d point cloud data using a supervised segmentation method.. . ... Nokia

06/02/16 / #20160154577

A hovering field

An apparatus, method, and computer program product for: associating a first item with a first portion of a hovering field, the hovering field at least partially encompassing a device, providing a first virtual item representative of the first item and controlling spatial audio in dependence on a position of the first virtual item.. . ... Nokia

06/02/16 / #20160154476

Apparatuses, methods and computer programs for remote control

A method comprising: causing transfer of a displayable first item to a display of a remote apparatus by causing transfer of data to the remote apparatus, the data defining features of the displayable first item; and enabling remote user-control of interaction, in the display of the remote apparatus, between a second item displayed in the display of the remote apparatus and the transferred displayable first item.. . ... Nokia

06/02/16 / #20160153882

An environmental sensor and a method for determining relative vapour pressure

An apparatus for use in determining the relative vapour pressure of a fluid in an environment in which the apparatus is located, the apparatus comprising a first layer (512) configured to enable a flow of charge carriers from a source electrode (505) to a drain electrode (506), a second layer (513) configured to control the conductance of the first layer (512) using an electric field formed between the first (512) and second layers (513) and a third layer (514) positioned between the first and second layers to prevent a flow of charge carriers therebetween to enable formation of the electric field, wherein the second layer (513) is configured to exhibit a charge distribution on interaction with the fluid, the charge distribution giving rise to the electric field between the first and second (513) layers, and wherein the second layer (513) is configured such that the charge distribution and electric field strength are dependent upon the relative vapour pressure of the fluid in the environment (516), thereby allowing the relative vapour pressure to be derived from a measurement of the conductance of the first layer (512).. . ... Nokia

05/26/16 / #20160150586

Method and apparatus for dual connectivity

A method and apparatus can be configured to determine a redundancy rate. The method can also include mirroring an amount of data from a first node to a second node based upon the determined redundancy rate. ... Nokia

05/26/16 / #20160150576

Methods and apparatuses for reconfiguring a roaming mobile base station based upon its location

Methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for a mobile or roaming base station are described. An operating mode of a mobile base station is determined, based upon the mobile base station's current location and/or current mobility mode. ... Nokia

05/26/16 / #20160150547

Interference mitigation in strong imbalance zone

It is provided a method, including monitoring an interference from at least one terminal device not served by an apparatus performing the method; checking if the interference exceeds a threshold; informing, if the interference exceeds the threshold, a serving receiving device considered to serve the at least one terminal device that the interference exceeds the threshold.. . ... Nokia

05/26/16 / #20160150545

Dynamic resource adaptation

In a cell where messages having a message type are sent without knowledge of radio frequency conditions for individual ones of user equipment within the cell, measured radio frequency conditions are accessed of multiple user equipment within the cell. Based on the measured radio frequency conditions, a minimum control channel coding rate is determined for a control channel for messages having the message type. ... Nokia

05/26/16 / #20160150523

Reporting idle mode equipment data

In accordance with an example embodiment of the present invention, there is provided an apparatus such as for example a mobile or a base station, comprising at least one processing core configured to compile a message comprising information concerning resources used in a communication network, the at least one processing core being configured to perform a first determination, that a second user equipment is engaged in a device-to-device session with a first user equipment, the at least one processing core being configured to, responsive to the first determination, include in the message information concerning the second user equipment, and a transmitter configured to cause the message to be transmitted toward a network node. The message may comprise a resource usage report and/or charging report, for example.. ... Nokia

05/26/16 / #20160150502

Control of resources

A method including receiving information at an apparatus; and using said information for configuration of a radio resource control connection of said apparatus with a first node controlling a first cell and a second node controlling a second cell; and wherein said configuration of a radio resource control connection is made in dependence on a capability of said apparatus.. . ... Nokia

05/26/16 / #20160150497

Service continuity in centralized service network system

There are provided measures for enabling/realizing service continuity in a centralized service network system. Such measures exemplarily comprise detecting a deregistration request for deregistering a terminal with respect to a first switching entity from a registration in which the first switching entity is registered for the terminal as a contact point for centralized services, starting a waiting timer for waiting for a registration request for registering the terminal with respect to a second switching entity upon detection of said deregistration request, and re-registering the terminal in the registration such that the second switching entity is registered for the terminal as a contact point for centralized services upon detection of the registration request for registering the terminal with respect to the second switching entity before expiry of the waiting timer.. ... Nokia

05/26/16 / #20160150453

Method to optimize pci confusion detection and resolution

In accordance with the exemplary embodiments of the invention there is at least a method and apparatus to perform operations of receiving, by an access node, from a user equipment a physical cell identity of a neighbor cell in a communication network; determining information including at least one of an angle of arrival and ue rx-tx time difference with respect to the user equipment of the communication network; and storing the determined information in a neighbor relation table to use in network operations.. . ... Nokia

05/26/16 / #20160150446

Method and apparatus for supporting enhanced single-radio-voice-call-continuity

A method and apparatus can be configured to transmit, by a service-centralization-and-continuity application server, a message to an access transfer control function. The method may also include receiving an address from the access transfer control function. ... Nokia

05/26/16 / #20160150434

Performing measurements in wireless network

Methods, apparatuses, and computer programs for assigning measurement groups in a wireless network are disclosed. The measurement group may be announced by measurement group information comprised in a broadcast message transmitted in the wireless network. ... Nokia

05/26/16 / #20160150354

Method and apparatus for automatic wireless data transfer

An apparatus, a computer program and a method in an apparatus for causing obtaining from a wireless charging detector an indication of the presence of a wireless charging field; causing obtaining from a near field communication circuitry an indication of proximity of a near field communication device; and responsively to obtaining the indications, causing negotiating with the near field communication device.. . ... Nokia

05/26/16 / #20160150091

Method and apparatus of secure charging for device-to-device service

A method of secure charging for a device-to-device service may comprise: recording charging information of a device-to-device service between a first user equipment and a second user equipment, wherein the charging information is associated at least with the first user equipment; generating a first report comprising the charging information, wherein the first report is protected by a security key of the first user equipment; and sending the first report to a network node by the first user equipment, wherein the first report is used for charging for the device-to-device service together with a second report generated at the second user equipment, and wherein the second report comprises charging information associated at least with the device-to-device service of the second user equipment and is protected by a security key of the second user equipment.. . ... Nokia

05/26/16 / #20160149905

Apparatus for authenticating pairing of electronic devices and associated methods

An apparatus comprising: a processor; and a memory including computer program code, the memory and the computer program code configured, with the processor, to cause the apparatus to perform at least the following: compare received biometric face vectors, wherein each received biometric face vector is received from a respective electronic device of a plurality of electronic devices and comprises one or more biometric face values determined from a respective image of a person captured by the corresponding electronic device; and provide for pairing authentication of the plurality of electronic devices if the comparison meets a predetermined similarity criterion.. . ... Nokia

05/26/16 / #20160149826

Memory usage optimization method

The invention relates to memory usage optimization. A method for memory usage optimization comprises establishing a connection between a client device and a server suitable to have a plurality of connections with a plurality of client devices, utilizing a server memory of the server for establishing and maintaining connection of the client device with the server by connection content data and data structures, storing the connection content data and data structures to a disk from the server memory when the connection shifts to an idle state, and removing the connection data and data structure from the server memory.. ... Nokia

05/26/16 / #20160149818

Method and apparatus for optimizing transmissions in wireless networks

Various communication systems may benefit from optimized transmissions. A method can include receiving data to be forwarded to a first wireless device. ... Nokia

05/26/16 / #20160149687

Method, apparatus and computer program for wireless communications

A method for configuring a time division duplex (tdd) mode of a user equipment (ue) in a long term evolution (lte) network, including receiving, while being connected with an enhanced nodeb (enodeb) in said lte network, a signaling message that includes tdd uplink-downlink configuration information dynamically assigned by said enhanced nodeb (enodeb) to said ue; determining success or failure in receiving at said ue, said tdd uplink-downlink configuration information based on signaling information configured for said signaling message; generating an acknowledgement (ack)/non-acknowledgement (nack) signal indicating said success or failure; and transmitting said ack/nack signal to said enodeb on resources that are allocated based on said tdd uplink-downlink configuration information and/or said signaling configured for said signaling message.. . ... Nokia

05/26/16 / #20160149289

Apparatus and methods for wireless communication

An apparatus comprising: a cover member (24) defining an exterior surface of an electronic device, the cover member (24) including a conductive portion (34) defining an aperture (46) enclosed by the conductive portion (34); the aperture (46) comprising: a first aperture portion (48) configured to extend across a first part (38) of an antenna (26) in a first direction (parallel to the y axis 32); and a second aperture portion (50) configured to be located outside of an area defined by the antenna (26), the second aperture portion (50) extending in at least a second direction (parallel to the x axis 30), different to the first direction (parallel to the y axis 32), from the first aperture portion (48).. . ... Nokia

05/26/16 / #20160148167

Method and apparatus for facilitating meeting

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided in order to facilitate a meeting of a plurality of participants. In the context of a method, an estimated time of arrival is determined for one or more participants to a meeting. ... Nokia

05/26/16 / #20160147826

Method and apparatus for updating points of interest information via crowdsourcing

An approach is provided for updating or validating information associated with potential points of interest using crowd sourcing methods. The validation/updating platform determines at least one query from at least one device for location information associated with at least one point of interest. ... Nokia

05/26/16 / #20160147366

Apparatuses, methods and computer programs for expanding the use of touch-sensitive input apparatus

An apparatus comprising: one or more conductive paths for transporting charge carriers; and measurand-responsive material, wherein the measurand-responsive material is configured to respond to a measurand and form an active electrode, where sufficient measurand is present, the formed active electrode interconnecting to at least one of the one or more conductive paths.. . ... Nokia

05/26/16 / #20160147300

Supporting activation of function of device

A first apparatus determines whether a user can be assumed to be looking at a device by evaluating data captured by at least one sensor, wherein the apparatus is physically unconnected to the device. In case it is determined that a user can be assumed to be looking at the device, the apparatus causes a transmission of a notification to a second apparatus via a wireless link, as a criterion for the second apparatus to activate a function of the device. ... Nokia

05/26/16 / #20160143587

Apparatus, method and computer program for detecting physiological parameters

An apparatus, method and computer program where the apparatus comprises: a plurality of sensors (3, 5) configured to detect a physiological parameter: wherein at least one first (5) sensor is configured to have a first sensitivity to the physiological parameter and at least one second sensor (3) is configured to have a second sensitivity to the physiological parameter; such that a parameter profile, comprising a plurality of measurements of the physiological parameter at different is provided by the apparatus.. . ... Nokia

05/19/16 / #20160143052

Adaptive resource allocation for simultaneous operation of cellular and device to device communications

In accordance with an example embodiment of the present invention, an apparatus comprising: at least one processor; and at least one memory including computer program code, wherein the at least one memory and the computer program code are configured to, with the at least one processor, cause the apparatus to perform at least the following: detect that a mode change is required; and in response to the detection that a mode change is required, select a mode for resource allocation, wherein the mode is selected based on a command received by the apparatus or the mode is selected from a plurality of modes which comprises a first mode and a second mode, and wherein in the first mode the cellular communication and device to device communication are separated in time, and in the second mode the cellular communication and device to device communication take place simultaneously.. . ... Nokia

05/19/16 / #20160143015

Cell operation concept

It is provided a method, including: exchanging first data with a data transceiver device using a data resource; exchanging one or more data control messages with the data transceiver device using a control resource different from the data resource, wherein each of the one or more data control messages is directly related to the exchanging of the first data; exchanging one or more first control messages with a control transceiver device different from the data transceiver device using the control resource, wherein each of the one or more first control messages is not directly related to the exchanging of the first data.. . ... Nokia

05/19/16 / #20160142977

User plane idle mode buffering within software defined network architecture

The present invention addresses a method, apparatus and computer program product for enabling pmm/ecm idle buffering within software defined network architecture. Thereby, it is indicated that a user plane idle state is active, a buffer for a user plane idle procedure is allocated in a user plane node, and a communications protocol controller is notified about received packets at the user plane node, wherein only the first received packet is to be indicated to the communications protocol controller while any subsequent received packet is appended to the allocated buffer.. ... Nokia

05/19/16 / #20160142935

Ran user-plane congestion management

There are provided measures for improving/enhancing ran user-plane congestion management. Such measures exemplarily comprise detecting a congestion indication for at least one bearer, which indicates user-plane congestion for the at least one bearer in a radio access network, deciding on activation of application detection for the at least one bearer on the basis of the detested congestion indication, and activating application detection for the at least one bearer upon an activation decision.. ... Nokia

05/19/16 / #20160142927

Method and apparatus of switching communications from a first channel to a second channel of higher-frequency

A method and apparatus can be configured to measure channel conditions of a first channel (310). The first channel can correspond to a first frequency. ... Nokia

05/19/16 / #20160142903

Cloud-based connectivity information discovery

A method includes detecting a change in connectivity information for a mobile device. The connectivity information allows another device to connect to the mobile device at least while the mobile device is wirelessly connected to a network. ... Nokia

05/19/16 / #20160142901

Method and apparatus for locating communities over an ad-hoc mesh network

An approach is provided for locating communities over an ad-hoc mesh network. Community identifiers are used to locate communities and community members over an ad-hoc mesh network. ... Nokia

05/19/16 / #20160142634

Stabilizer for an optical device and electronic device comprising the same

There is provided a stabilizer for an optical device that forms part of an electronic device and an electronic device including the stabilizer. The stabilizer includes two first actuators, each of which includes a first coil assembly and a first block of ferromagnetic material, each of the two first coil assemblies being configured to generate, in response to a first electrical signal applied thereto, a first attraction force toward a respective first block of ferromagnetic material, the first blocks of ferromagnetic material being attached to a socket for the optical device; and a rotating device configured to rotate the socket around an optical axis of the optical device in response to the first attraction force. ... Nokia

05/19/16 / #20160142214

Device to device communication security

An apparatus comprising: a requester configured to request a certificate comprising at least one identifier associated with the apparatus from at least one network node; a first receiver configured to receive the certificate from the at least one network node; and a forwarder configured to forward the certificate to at least one further apparatus; a second receiver configured to receive a further certificate from the further apparatus, the further certificate comprising at least one further identifier associated with the further apparatus; and an authenticated configured to authenticate the further apparatus based on the further certificate.. . ... Nokia

05/19/16 / #20160142190

Transmission of reference signals

Resources for reference signalling on at least one component carrier of a plurality of aggregated component carriers can be determined by a station. Information indicative the at least one component carrier and the associated resources is then communicated to another station for configuration of the other station. ... Nokia

05/19/16 / #20160142169

Method and apparatus for interference cancellation

Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for joint network assisted interference cancellation and suppression (naics) and coordinated multi-point (comp) operation are provided. One method includes configuring, by a network node, a victim user equipment and interfering user equipment in transmission mode 10 (tm10) with multiple channel state information (csi) processes to perform dynamic point muting. ... Nokia

05/19/16 / #20160141755

Method and apparatus for a communication device

There are disclosed various methods for a communication device and apparatuses comprising an antenna and a transmitter. In some embodiments of the method a transmission signal is provided to a first feed point (126) of an antenna (102) having a first impedance and to a second feed point (128) having a second impedance. ... Nokia

05/19/16 / #20160141085

Magnetically controlled polymer nanocomposite material and methods for applying and curing same, and nanomagnetic composite for rf applications

A method includes applying a filler material to at least one component, the filler material including a heat curable matrix and nanoparticles; and applying an electromagnetic field to at least part of the filler material. The nanoparticles have a core capable of being heated by the electromagnetic field to a temperature sufficient to at least partially cure surrounding matrix. ... Nokia

05/19/16 / #20160140947

Apparatus, method, and computer program for adjustable noise cancellation

From inputs received at one or more processors, a background audio signal representing background sound is separated from a primary audio signal. The primary audio signal is output with the background audio signal or an altered version thereof according to a user selection between noise cancellation and ambient sound reproduction. ... Nokia

05/19/16 / #20160140775

Method and apparatus for mobile ticketing

An apparatus (100, 152, 130) configured to participate in an identity-based mobile transport ticketing event; and to use in said mobile transport ticketing event a transport certificate (cert), wherein an issuer of the transport certificate (cert)) is a first transport network (130) and the transport certificate (cert) comprises roaming attributes usable in a second transport network (150, to determine whether to authorize use of a service in said second transport network (150, 152).. . ... Nokia

05/19/16 / #20160140625

Method and apparatus for distributing items using a social graph

An approach is provided for distributing items via a store. A social graph associated with a user account at a store is retrieved. ... Nokia

05/19/16 / #20160140353

Method and apparatus for protecting location data extracted from brain activity information

An approach is provided for protecting location data extracted from brain activity information. A privacy platform causes, at least in part, a mapping of brain activity information associated with at least one user to one or more locations visited by the at least one user. ... Nokia

05/19/16 / #20160139691

Electronic-scribed input

An apparatus, the apparatus comprising at least one processor, and at least one memory including computer program code, the at least one memory and the computer program code configured, with the at least one processor, to cause the apparatus to perform at least the following: based on one or more determined input manner characteristics of user electronic-scribed input, associate the user electronic-scribed input with a function to be performed using the user electronic-scribed input.. . ... Nokia

05/12/16 / #20160135243

Methods, apparatuses and computer program products for prose communication

Methods, corresponding apparatuses, and computer program products for prose communication are provided. A method comprises sending, from a first base station, a first configuration message to at least one of two user equipments which are performing prose communication over a first locally routed path via the first base station such that the two user equipments perform the prose communication over a second locally routed path via a second base station. ... Nokia

05/12/16 / #20160135171

Device-to-device (d2d) resource release

Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for device-to-device (d2d) resource release are provided. One method includes indicating an early release of resources allocated to a ue.. ... Nokia

05/12/16 / #20160135158

Connection reliability and managing interference created by beamforming

Various communication systems may benefit for techniques and devices for improved connection reliability and interference management. For example, communication systems of the long term evolution (lte) of the third generation partnership project (3gpp) or lte advanced (lte-a) may benefit from systems and methods for improving connection reliability and managing interference created by beamforming for example, a method may include preparing at least one interference-protected message to transmit. ... Nokia

05/12/16 / #20160135137

Indication of in/out of dual connectivity synchronized condition

Various communication systems may benefit from indications of conditions existing within the system. For example, communication systems employing dual connectivity may benefit from an indication of whether or not a user equipment is in a dual connectivity synchronized condition. ... Nokia

05/12/16 / #20160134750

Incoming call identification

In one embodiment, at least a portion of a telephone call from an unknown caller is recorded and played in response to a subsequent call from the unknown caller. At a telephone or a network device, a caller identification number associated with an incoming call is received. ... Nokia

05/12/16 / #20160134709

Method, apparatus, and computer program product for a node to advertise its presence and service profiles thereof in a wireless environment

In an example embodiment, a method to enhance wireless device advertising of service profiles includes maintaining, by an apparatus, a first service profile corresponding to a first wireless communication device address of the apparatus and a second service profile corresponding to a second wireless communication device address of the apparatus; determining, by the apparatus, a preference to communicate with wireless devices using the first service profile; transmitting, by the apparatus, wireless device discovery messages having the first wireless communication device address; and receiving, by the apparatus, a wireless response message from another wireless device, in response to the existence of the first device address in the transmitted device discovery messages, wherein the other device seeks the first service profile.. . ... Nokia

05/12/16 / #20160134662

Lawful interception and security based admission control for proximity service

There are provided measures for lawful interception and security based admission control for proximity service. Such measures could include detecting a requirement for control in relation to setting up or securing a connection of a proximity service between at least two devices, determining availability of at least one lawful interception and security agent capable of performing an operation relating to lawful interception and/or security in relation to the connection of the proximity service, and performing control in relation to setting up or securing the connection of the proximity service when availability of the at least one lawful interception and security agent is determined.. ... Nokia

05/12/16 / #20160134478

Network entity and method for controlling a son-function

The invention relates to a network entity installed in a network comprising an operator objective interface for receiving operator objectives; a son-function model interface for receiving at least a first son function model, wherein the network entity is adapted to link the operator objectives with the first son-function model in order to adapt a son function for influencing a network behavior. Moreover the invention relates to a method for automatic controlling of at least one son function.. ... Nokia

05/12/16 / #20160134418

Methods and apparatus for generating keys in device-to-device communications

Methods and apparatus are provided for securing device-to-device communications. A method can comprise: at an access network apparatus, obtaining from a core network apparatus and storing a first key shared between a first user equipment and the core network apparatus for device-to-device communications of the first user equipment; receiving from a second user equipment, a request for generating a second key for a device-to-device communication between the first user equipment and the second user equipment; in response to the request, generating the second key based on the first key and security parameters; and sending the second key to the second user equipment.. ... Nokia

05/12/16 / #20160134413

Small cell configuration for interference mitigation

Configuration of various radio systems may have a number of possible benefits. For example, small cell configuration may be useful for interference mitigation. ... Nokia

05/12/16 / #20160134411

Apparatus and method for resource allocation

Apparatus and method for resource allocation are provided. An apparatus includes a controller which is configured to utilize a tree structure with more than one branch in the resource allocation of physical resource blocks, each branch including one or more legal starting positions for resource allocation. ... Nokia

05/12/16 / #20160134401

Inter-cell interference

A technique including: controlling a radio device of a first cell to transmit information identifying one or more radio resources allocated to both downlink and uplink transmissions of a type of reference signal in the first cell; and controlling the radio device to transmit the type of reference signal in the first cell using the one or more radio resources; wherein the one or more radio resources are excluded from use for transmission of the type of reference signal in one or more other interfering cells.. . ... Nokia

05/12/16 / #20160134367

Directional optical communications

Directional optical communications are provided between devices such as at least one pixel is selected from an array of pixels provided by an image projecting device for emitting light from an emitting device towards a target area of a receiving device. Light is then emitted by the selected at least one pixel towards the target area.. ... Nokia

05/12/16 / #20160134342

Adaptive mimo feasibility feedback

In accordance with an example embodiment of the present invention, an apparatus comprises a processor and a memory including computer program code, wherein the memory and the computer program code, with the processor, are configured with the processor to cause the apparatus to receive a reference signal (302), estimate difference between actual eigen directions and precoding matrix based on the received reference signal (304), generate a feedback based on the result of the estimation (306), and transmit the feedback (38), wherein the feedback indicates at least one of the result of the estimation, whether a multi-user communication mode is desired or whether the feedback should be combined with another indication in order to determine whether a multi-user communication mode is desired (306). Methods and computer readable media are also described.. ... Nokia

05/12/16 / #20160134314

Oportunistic interference cancellation of radar signals

In accordance with the exemplary embodiments there is at least a method and apparatus to operations including determining, by a communication device, parameters for each of at least one interfering radio signal of a communication signal received by one or more antenna of the communication device; and based on the determined parameters, at least one of suppressing and cancelling the at least one interfering radio signal from the communication signal by the communication device.. . ... Nokia

05/12/16 / #20160134152

Charging rechargeable apparatus

An apparatus comprising: control circuitry configured to switch the apparatus between a charging state in which energy transfer from the apparatus to a rechargeable apparatus is enabled and a non-charging state in which energy transfer from the apparatus to the rechargeable apparatus is not enabled; charging circuitry configured to transfer energy, when the apparatus is in the charging state, to the rechargeable apparatus for storage at the rechargeable apparatus; and indication circuitry configured to enable an indication, when the apparatus is in the non-charging state, to prompt user action to bring the rechargeable apparatus towards the apparatus for charging.. . ... Nokia

05/12/16 / #20160132990

Intelligibility of messages

An apparatus, the apparatus comprising at least one processor, and at least one memory including computer program code, the at least one memory and the computer program code configured, with the at least one processor, to cause the apparatus to perform at least the following: based on the determined age of a particular message in a displayed message thread, provide for a change in the intelligibility of at least part of the particular message with respect to one or more of: at least one of the other of the messages in the displayed message thread; and at least some of the other part of the particular message.. . ... Nokia

05/12/16 / #20160132370

Method and apparatus for providing application notifications

An approach is provided for distributing notifications from developers to installed applications via a notification enabler separate from the applications. The notification platform determines at least one application installed on at least one device. ... Nokia

05/12/16 / #20160132150

Meandering interconnect on a deformable substrate

An apparatus including a first plurality of first conductive lines; and a first meandering interconnect supported in a spaced relationship from a deformable substrate, wherein the first meandering interconnect includes a first multiplicity of meandering conductive lines each of which is electrically connected to one of the first plurality of first conductive lines.. . ... Nokia

05/12/16 / #20160132123

Method and apparatus for interaction mode determination

A method comprising causing display of content information on an apparatus, determining that at least one reduced interaction criteria has been satisfied to enter a reduced interaction mode, determining that a hand is gripping the apparatus in a manner that is consistent with a use grip, and causing display of, at least part, of the content information based, at least in part, on the determination that the hand is gripping the apparatus in a manner that is consistent with the use grip is disclosed.. . ... Nokia

05/05/16 / #20160128097

Method and apparatus for configuring scheduling periods based on information about the mode of operation

According to an example implementation, a method includes: receiving, at an apparatus, information from a node, said information defining a mode of operation for communicating scheduling information; and configuring transmission and reception periods of scheduling information at said apparatus in dependence on the mode of operation.. . ... Nokia

05/05/16 / #20160128046

Bearer configuration in dual connectivity communication

A communication device with a bearer provided by a first node is provided with a configuration for a further component carrier by a second node. It is determined that the communication device has not been provided with at least one configuration parameter for configuration of the at least one further component carrier for the bearer. ... Nokia

05/05/16 / #20160128030

New carrier type allocation in uplink/downlink subframe configuration for time division communication

Certain embodiments relate to wireless communication systems, such as long term evolution advanced (lte-a), which may be part of third generation partnership project (3gpp) lte release 12 (rel-12). More specifically, certain embodiments may provide an arrangement related to new carrier type for time division long term evolution (td-lte), which may also be related to enhanced interference management and traffic adaptation. ... Nokia

05/05/16 / #20160128007

User equipment context handling with user equipment autonomous mobility

Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for ue context handling with ue autonomous mobility are provided. One method includes transitioning, by a user equipment associated with a network, into a user equipment controlled mobility mode based on a predefined trigger. ... Nokia

05/05/16 / #20160127920

Methods and apparatus for antenna elevation design

Systems and techniques for elevation beam design. Characteristics, such as number, distribution, and geographical location of elements subject to interference by elevation beams of a base station are analyzed, and a configuration for an antenna array is determined so as to create a set of elevation beams directed so as to avoid interference with the elements subject to interference by the base station. ... Nokia

05/05/16 / #20160127912

Configuration of resource usage in communication systems

Apparatus and method for communication are provided. The solution may include serving one or more cells of a radio access system, the geographical area of the radio access system comprising one or more reservation zones, where the use of the resources of the zones may be activated or deactivated by a network element of the system; storing for each served cell category classification information of each served cell, the category classification describing how the cell interferes with each of the one or more authorized/licenced shared access reservation zones; storing one or more predetermined actions for each category classification and reservation zone; receiving a command from a network element related to the activation or deactivation of one or more authorized/licenced shared access reservation zones and executing one or more predetermined actions on the basis of the command.. ... Nokia

05/05/16 / #20160127910

Methods and apparatus for interference management and resource sharing

Improved systems and techniques for communication in an environment in which muting of resources is used to avoid interference between cells. If a cell, represented by a macro enb for example, is muting resources, those resources can be made available, under appropriate conditions, to user devices, such as ues, engaging in device to device communication. ... Nokia

05/05/16 / #20160127420

Lawful interception for proximity service

Apparatuses and methods are described, which perform control in relation to a connection for proximity service between at least two devices, perform lawful interception in relation to the proximity service with respect to at least one device to be intercepted of the at least two devices, and configure at least one radio access network control element to perform the lawful interception in relation to the proximity service.. . ... Nokia

05/05/16 / #20160127341

A method and apparatus for anonymous and trustworthy authentication in pervasive social networking

A method for anonymous authentication may comprise: issuing token information to a first node registered with a network entity, wherein the token information indicates one or more tokens for the first node; distributing a token list to a plurality of nodes registered with the network entity, wherein the token list is associated with respective tokens for the plurality of nodes comprising at least the first node and a second node, and wherein the token information and the token list are used for an anonymous authentication between the first node and the second node.. . ... Nokia

05/05/16 / #20160126752

Method and apparatus for wireless power transfer

In accordance with an example embodiment of the present invention, an apparatus (200) comprises a wireless power transmitter (241) connectable to a power supply interface (201) and to a battery (204); power supply detection circuitry (213) configured to determine whether the power supply interface (201) is capable of powering the wireless power transmitter (241); wireless power control circuitry (220) configured to, in response to determining that the power supply interface (201) is capable of powering the wireless power transmitter (241), enable power delivery from the power supply interface (201) to the wireless power transmitter (241).. . ... Nokia

05/05/16 / #20160125867

An audio scene apparatus

An apparatus comprising an audio detector configured to analyse a first audio signal to determine at least one audio source, wherein the first audio signal is generated from the sound-field in the environment of the apparatus; an audio generator configured to generate at least one further audio source; and a mixer configured to mix the at least one audio source and the at least one further audio source such that the at least one further audio source is associated with the at least one audio source.. . ... Nokia

05/05/16 / #20160125859

Acoustic music similarity determiner

It is inter alia disclosed a method comprising: determining a divergence measure between a statistical distribution of audio features of a first audio track and a statistical distribution of audio features of at least one further audio track; determining a divergence measure threshold value from at least the divergence measure between the statistical distribution of audio features of a first audio track and the statistical distribution of audio features of the at least one further audio track; and comparing the divergence measure with the divergence measure threshold value.. . ... Nokia

05/05/16 / #20160125655

A method and apparatus for self-adaptively visualizing location based digital information

A method for self-adaptively visualizing location based digital information may comprise: obtaining context information for a location based service, in response to a request for the location based service from a user; and presenting, based at least in part on the context information, the location based service through a user interface in at least one of a first mode and a second mode for the location based service, wherein a control of the location based service in one of the first mode and the second mode causes, at least in part, an adaptive control of the location based service in other of the first mode and the second mode.. . ... Nokia

05/05/16 / #20160125633

Method, apparatus and computer program product to represent motion in composite images

In an example embodiment a method, apparatus and computer program product are provided. The method includes facilitating access of a plurality of images associated with a scene comprising at least one moving object, and segmenting the plurality of images into foreground regions and background regions based on changes in corresponding image regions between the images. ... Nokia

05/05/16 / #20160125626

Method and an apparatus for automatic segmentation of an object

The invention relates to a method, comprising: receiving a plurality of images, wherein the plurality of images comprises content that relates to a same object; preprocessing said more than one images to form a feature vector for each region in an image; discovering object-like regions from each image by means of the feature vectors; determining an object appearance model for each image according to the object-like regions; generating an object hypotheses by means of the object appearance model; segmenting the same object in the plurality of images to generate segmented objects; and generating a multiple view segmentation according to the segmented objects.. . ... Nokia

05/05/16 / #20160125624

An apparatus and associated methods

An apparatus, the apparatus comprising at least one processor, and at least one memory including computer program code, the at least one memory and the computer program code configured, with the at least one processor, to cause the apparatus to perform at least the following: based on an indication of captured colour, the colour captured from a real-world object, provide for application of the captured colour to an identified body feature in a computer generated image of a body.. . ... Nokia

05/05/16 / #20160124561

Cover for an electronic device and electronic device with a cover

The invention relates to a cover comprising a decoration 11 which is visible to a user when the cover is connected to an electronic device. In order to enhance the functions provided by such a cover, it is proposed that the cover further comprises contact sensitive means 22, 23 arranged such that they generate an electrical signal when a part 12 of the decoration 11 associated to the contact sensitive means 22, 23 is touched, and connection means 24, 25 for electrically connecting the contact sensitive means 22, 23 to processing means. ... Nokia

05/05/16 / #20160124068

Calibration data

Apparatus is provided for: storing a four-dimensional matrix of fixed point calibration data; rearranging the four-dimensional matrix of fixed point calibration data into a one-dimensional sequence; calculating a differential sequence of the one-dimensional sequence; saving the differential sequence and a first element of the one-dimensional sequence into a binary file; and compressing the binary file using a deflate algorithm. Apparatus is provided for corresponding decompression also.. ... Nokia

04/28/16 / #20160119958

Random access channel with a grid of beams for communication systems

Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for random access channel (rach) with a grid of beams for communication systems are provided. One method includes transmitting, by a base station, a beacon signal in one time slot with multiple switched beams, wherein the beams cover an intended coverage area with a grid-of-beams in both horizontal and vertical directions. ... Nokia

04/28/16 / #20160119943

Discontinuous reception in communications

A method for transmission control in a communications system is disclosed, the method including transmitting, from a network apparatus to a user terminal, an indication to tell the user terminal to refrain from sending a resource scheduling request until a predefined event is detected in the user terminal. The transmitted indication may include e.g. ... Nokia

04/28/16 / #20160119862

Method and apparatus for facilitating interworking of cellular radio access networks and wireless local area networks

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided to facilitate interworking a plurality of cellular radio access networks and wireless local area networks (wlans). In the context of a method, a set of information is maintained for a plurality of different cellular radio access networks that defines a relative priority of selection among the cellular radio access networks. ... Nokia

04/28/16 / #20160119828

Call re-establishment in a multi-layer heterogenous network

Methods and apparatus, including computer program products, base are provided for call re-establishment. In one aspect there is provided a method. ... Nokia

04/28/16 / #20160119793

Shared use of licensed frequency spectrum in a mobile communications network

There is provided shared use of licensed frequency spectrum in a mobile communications network, while maintaining confidentiality between the license holder and the licensee. Geographical information on availability of licensed frequency spectrum for shared use is obtained. ... Nokia

04/28/16 / #20160119791

Network sharing for lte-u/laa cells operating on unlicensed spectrum

Various communication devices may benefit from network sharing. For example, network sharing may be beneficial for long term evolution on unlicensed band (lte-u) and/or licensed-assisted access (laa) cells operating on an unlicensed spectrum according to the third generation partnership project. ... Nokia

04/28/16 / #20160119776

Subscriber group related control in a communication network

An apparatus of a communication network is provided, which detects (s10) that a user equipment attaching to the communication network belongs to a subscriber group, and determines (s11) a monitoring entity to monitor network resource usage for the user equipment and/or a control entity to control the monitoring for the user equipment, wherein for each user equipment belonging to the subscriber group the same monitoring entity and the same control entity are determined.. . ... Nokia

04/28/16 / #20160119733

Spatial object oriented audio apparatus

An apparatus comprising: a perception sorter configured to perceptually order at least two object orientated audio signal channels; and a selective channel processor configured to process at least one of the at least two object orientated audio signal channels based on the order of the at least two object orientated audio signal channels.. . ... Nokia

04/28/16 / #20160119715

Monitoring and correcting apparatus for mounted transducers and method thereof

An apparatus comprises at least one processor and at least one memory including computer program code the at least one memory and the computer program code configured to, with the at least one processor, cause the apparatus at least to perform: monitoring at least one indicator dependent on a transducer mechanical integration parameter; and determining a change in the at least one indicator.. . ... Nokia

04/28/16 / #20160119460

Reduced acoustic coupling

An apparatus comprising: at least one speaker; and at least one microphone, wherein there is an acoustic coupling between the at least one speaker and the at least one microphone; at least one location defined by the at least one acoustic coupling between the apparatus at least one speaker and the apparatus at least one microphone; and at least one dampening element at the determined location, such that the at least one acoustic coupling between the at least one speaker and the at least one microphone is substantially reduced.. . ... Nokia

04/28/16 / #20160119206

Method and apparatus

A method comprising: determining in an element that a load level in the element has changed; and deactivating at least one inactive session when a load level is above a load level threshold.. . ... Nokia

04/28/16 / #20160119038

Random access channel using basis functions

Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for random access channel (rach) design using basis functions are provided. One method includes receiving, at an access point employing a receiver with q antennas, a random access channel (rach) preamble sent from a mobile unit. ... Nokia

04/28/16 / #20160118941

Amplication of a radio frequency signal

Apparatus (1) comprises envelope signal amplification circuitry (11) configured to receive an input envelope signal (env_in) indicative of an envelope of an input radio frequency signal (rf_in) and to output an amplified envelope signal (env_amp); and a radio frequency power amplifier (12) configured to receive a radio frequency control signal which is dependent on the input radio frequency signal(rf_in) and the input envelope signal (env_in), using the amplified envelope signal (env_amp) as its supply voltage, to output an amplified radio frequency signal (rf_amp). A method for amplification the radio frequency signal is also provided.. ... Nokia

04/28/16 / #20160118827

Battery hot swap capable apparatus

It is inter alia disclosed an apparatus (10), comprising a power connector (210) configured to be connected to a removable first rechargeable energy source and configured to supply power from the first rechargeable energy source to the apparatus via a power supply line (220), a second rechargeable energy source (240), a balancing element (230) placed between the power supply line (220) and the second rechargeable energy source (240) and configured to provide power from the power supply line (220) to the second rechargeable energy in a first state of the apparatus and configured to provide power from the second rechargeable energy source (240) to the power supply line (220) in a second state of the apparatus, wherein in the first state the apparatus is configured to prevent supplying power from the second rechargeable power supply (240) to the power supply line (220).. . ... Nokia

04/28/16 / #20160118709

Hinge that serves as a radiator

A hinge of a device is provided that serves as a radiator. The hinge includes first and second conductive pin elements. ... Nokia

04/28/16 / #20160117294

Methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for modification of webpage based on device data

Methods, apparatuses, and computer program products are herein provided for modification of a webpage based on device data. A method may include receiving user input directed to a device indicating a desire of a user to present a webpage on a display of the device. ... Nokia

04/28/16 / #20160117006

Method and apparatus for operation designation

Method for receiving an indication of an input from a separate apparatus comprising beads, determining that the separate apparatus is associated with a designated operation of a designated program, and performing the designated operation based on the bead input.. . ... Nokia

04/07/16 / #20160100423

Cooperative uplink reception suitable for non-ideal backhaul

A first cell determines that ue(s) should have harq cycle(s) skipped, where each of the ue(s) is to take part in a comp transmission. Skipping is to be performed to enable the first cell to receive information from second cell(s) over backhaul link(s) for the harq transmission(s). ... Nokia

04/07/16 / #20160100326

Correlation identifier for user plane congestion and other use cases

Various communication systems may benefit from an identifier that can correlate a user equipment or a packet data network connection with a particular cell. For example, a correlation identifier may be useful to address management of user plane congestion and other use cases. ... Nokia

04/07/16 / #20160100253

Method and apparatus for rendering an audio source having a modified virtual position

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided to cause an audio source to be modified in a manner consistent with the corresponding video images once the user and/or a display upon which the images are rendered has been tilted. In regards to a method, an initial virtual position of an audio source is determined. ... Nokia

04/07/16 / #20160100110

Apparatus, method and computer program product for scene synthesis

There is provided methods, apparatuses and computer program products for obtaining a media presentation as a seed media; and obtaining one or more criteria for content extraction. Information relating to media presentations among a set of media presentations is examined to find out relevance information regarding the context and/or content of the media presentations by using the seed media and the one or more criteria. ... Nokia

04/07/16 / #20160099985

Combination of unicast and multicast user plane data

User plane data is communicated by cell-specific broadcasting of said user plane data in a cell and unicasting in parallel the same user plane data to at least one communication device participating a group service. When receiving the user plane data, a communication device receiving the eel- specific broadcasting and unicasting can combine the broadcast and unicast user plane data.. ... Nokia

04/07/16 / #20160099921

Fine grain rights management of streaming content

The present invention provides methods, apparatuses, and systems for delivering protected streaming content to a receiving device. In an aspect of the present invention, a broadcaster provides streaming content. ... Nokia

04/07/16 / #20160099771

Method and system for auditing and correcting cellular antenna coverage patterns

A method for adjusting a base station antenna may include receiving measured data including signal strength data for a signal received from the base station and location data from one or more user equipment, receiving planned radio coverage data, comparing the measured data with the planned radio coverage data, generating adjustment parameters based on a result of the comparison, and adjusting the antenna based on the adjustment parameters.. . ... Nokia

04/07/16 / #20160099712

Apparatus comprising a switch feature

Apparatus comprises a switch feature configured to restrict an electrical signal transmitted from a peripheral device, and received through an electrical contact, from being transferred to one of first and second circuit modules coupled to the electrical contact, depending on the voltage amplitude of the electrical signal.. . ... Nokia

04/07/16 / #20160099505

Modular active antenna structures and arrangements

Various communication systems may benefit from modularity. For example, wireless communication systems may benefit from a modular active antenna arrangement. ... Nokia

04/07/16 / #20160096075

Modification of an exercise plan

A method comprising determining an exercise plan for a user of an apparatus, entering a collaborative exercise session with a separate apparatus, determining a portion of the exercise plan that corresponds with a location of the user, causing display of an exercise indicator that indicates exercise instruction information that corresponds with the portion of the exercise plan, receiving exercise information from the separate apparatus based, at least in part, on the collaborative exercise session, modifying the exercise plan to generate a modified exercise plan based, at least in part, on the exercise information received from the separate apparatus, determining a portion of the modified exercise plan that corresponds with the location of the user, and causing display of another exercise indicator that indicates exercise instruction information that corresponds with the portion of the modified exercise plan is disclosed.. . ... Nokia

03/31/16 / #20160095117

Apparatus and method for channel access for long term evolution nodes in unlicensed band

. . One embodiment is directed to a method comprising sensing, by an apparatus, a shared channel; determining whether the shared channel is free; determining whether a synchronization signal has been received; and based on that the shared channel is determined free and the synchronization signal is determined received, beginning to access the shared channel.. . ... Nokia

03/31/16 / #20160095099

Signal transmission for proximity-based services wireless communications

A technique may include transmitting, by a user device in a proximity-based services wireless network via a first time-frequency resource identified by a first logical time index within n logical time resources and a first logical frequency index in the range from 0 to m−1, a first occurrence of a signal for the user device during a transmission period; determining a time index adjustment associated with the first logical frequency index; determining, by the user device, a second logical time index of a second time-frequency resource for transmitting from the user device a second occurrence of the signal within the transmission period, the second logical time index being determined based on the first logical time index and the time index adjustment associated with the first logical frequency index; and transmitting, by the user device via the second time-frequency resource, a second occurrence of the signal during the transmission period.. . ... Nokia

03/31/16 / #20160095084

Incoming call

A user apparatus in an idle mode and prioritizing a radio resource (401) of a cell is configured to, in response to a paging message received over the cell (402) and a subsequent connection request rejection (404) received over the cell to determine whether or not to cease to prioritize (407) the radio resource.. . ... Nokia

03/31/16 / #20160095046

Method and apparatus for use in network selection

A method includes causing a user equipment to use one or more wireless local area networks based on cellular network information for a wireless cellular network indicating that a user equipment has restricted access to said wireless cellular network.. . ... Nokia

03/31/16 / #20160095029

Method and apparatus for facilitating improved access for efficient cell change

Various methods are provided for facilitating optimized access for efficient offloading in small cell deployments. One example method may comprise causing receiving an indication enabling direct access of one or more cells, causing access to be performed according to the indication of one or more cells that may be accessed, determine an availability of a small cell that fulfills conditions for direct access, changing to small cell if small cell meets conditions, and performing access to small cell if cell is changed and perform access to a macro cell if cell is not changed.. ... Nokia

03/31/16 / #20160095025

Enhanced mobility robustness optimization

Methods, apparatus and computer program products are disclosed for enhancing mobility robustness optimization in self optimizing networks. Neighbor relation information indicating relations between a handover source cell and candidate handover target cell(s), each including a first counter indicating events of an unsuccessful handover of a user equipment from the handover source cell to one candidate handover target cell, and a second counter indicating events of connection re-establishment attempt of the user equipment to the candidate handover target cell after an unsuccessful handover to another cell. ... Nokia

03/31/16 / #20160095011

Logging multicast-broadcast single-frequency network measurements

Various communication systems may benefit from the appropriate logging of measurements. For example, communication systems employing multimedia broadcast multicast service may benefit from logging multicast-broadcast single-frequency network measurements. ... Nokia

03/31/16 / #20160094829

Method and apparatus for downscaling depth data for view plus depth data compression

A method, apparatus, and computer program product are disclosed for compression of a 2d-plus-depth representation based on spatial downsampling of an initial depth map. By utilizing the color image accompanying the initial depth map, it is possible to infer structural information that refines and reconstructs the initial depth map out of a heavily subsampled version of the depth map. ... Nokia

03/31/16 / #20160094673

Access to data source via proxy

In accordance with an example embodiment of the present invention, there is provided an apparatus, comprising at least one processor configured to execute a computer executable program stored in a memory comprised in the apparatus, wherein the computer executable program thereby causes the apparatus to at least open a first connection to a data source device, open a second connection to a proxy device, the second connection employing a first protocol and a cross origin resource sharing context, and receive from the proxy device information of the data source device.. . ... Nokia

03/31/16 / #20160094666

Mitigating backend signaling overload

A method and apparatus can be configured to determine whether a backend system is unreachable by a gateway. The method also includes establishing a temporary session between the gateway and a user equipment. ... Nokia

03/31/16 / #20160093061

Method, apparatus and computer program product for segmentation of objects in images

In an example embodiment a method, apparatus and computer program product are provided. The method includes grouping pixels of an image into a plurality of pixel groups. ... Nokia

03/31/16 / #20160092294

Fault tracking in a telecommunications system

A method and apparatus can be configured to automatically trigger a notifying event when a failure occurs. The method can also store information specifically relating to the failure. ... Nokia

03/24/16 / #20160088653

Optimization of signalling of absolute grants for uplink transmission using time-division multiplexing

. . It is provided a method including setting a grant for an uplink transmission to zero if a received absolute grant is not intended for an apparatus performing the method.. . ... Nokia

03/24/16 / #20160088590

Inter-operator radio resource sharing in dense deployments of small cell networks

Methods and apparatus, including computer program products, are provided resource sharing. In some example embodiments, there may be provided a method, which may include receiving information including location information for at least one cell of a primary resource group, and further including a primary resource being used by the at least one cell; and determining at least one secondary resource group based on the received information. ... Nokia

03/24/16 / #20160088588

Method and apparatus for aggregating data for transmission

A method and apparatus can be configured to receive a first data from a first transmitter. The first data comprises data to be forwarded by the apparatus. ... Nokia

03/24/16 / #20160088519

Interaction and migration of epc towards virtualized mobile backhaul/sharing of rat (enb, rnc, bsc)

Apparatuses and methods are provided by which a second network is associated to or disassociated from a network element (e.g., an enb) which is connected to a first network, and an association configuration information is sent to the network element, the association configuration information comprising a combination of a first network identification identifying the first network and a second network identification identifying the second network. Based on this association configuration, for example load balancing using both the first and the second network may be carried out.. ... Nokia

03/24/16 / #20160088502

Method and network device for cell anomaly detection

It is provided a method for cell anomaly detection in a network comprising receiving first training data of a first source; receiving second training data of a second source; generating profiles based on the first training data; generating profiles based on the second training data; collecting the generated profiles of the first training data and of the second training data in a pool profiles; associating a weight with each profile in the pool of profiles; providing a set of predictions based on the profiles and their associated weights; and generating data for root cause diagnosis based on at least one prediction.. . ... Nokia

03/24/16 / #20160088501

Processing customer experience events from a plurality of source systems

There is provided improved management of a communications network including a plurality of sub-systems for providing services to subscribers. Data is received from a plurality of source systems in a communications network, said source systems encoding data according to different data models. ... Nokia

03/24/16 / #20160088439

Method and apparatus for controlling operation of a system

The invention relates to controlling the operation of a communication system. The method according to the invention comprises measuring (910) positions of devices of a group; determining (930) a sequence based on the measured positions; and controlling (940) operation of one or more devices of a group based on said sequence. ... Nokia

03/24/16 / #20160088392

Methods, apparatuses and computer program products for facilitating directional audio capture with multiple microphones

An apparatus for providing directional audio capture may include a processor and memory storing executable computer program code that cause the apparatus to at least perform operations including assigning at least one beam direction, among a plurality of beam directions, in which to direct directionality of an output signal of one or more microphones. The computer program code may further cause the apparatus to divide microphone signals of the microphones into selected frequency subbands wherein an analysis performed. ... Nokia

03/24/16 / #20160088225

Method and technical equipment for imaging

The application concerns a method and a technical equipment for multiframe capturing. In the method a level of motion in a target to be captured is determined (402); capture parameters to be used in multiple frame capture of the target are adapted according to the determined level of motion (405); and the multiple frame capture is performed with the capture parameters (410). ... Nokia

03/24/16 / #20160087948

Secure radio information transfer over mobile radio bearer

Providing secure radio information transfer over a mobile radio bearer by generating one or more secret keys, applying symmetric encryption to unencrypted radio information to generate encrypted radio information, applying a keyed hash operation to the unencrypted radio information using the generated one or more secret keys to generate a message digest, and transmitting both the encrypted radio information and the message digest over a network.. . ... Nokia

03/24/16 / #20160087842

Method of operating a communication network

A method of operating a communication network comprising a verification component is provided, wherein the method comprises achieving at the verification component a verification plan defining a verification process associated with a specific network operation; and executing the verification plan after deploying the specific network operation.. . ... Nokia

03/24/16 / #20160087722

Alignment of optical devices

Adjustment of an optica! component of a device comprises determining of at least one derivative of coupling efficiency of the optical component as a function of parameters used for control of a steering function of the optica! component. At least one oscillating component is induced into the parameters for the determining. ... Nokia

03/24/16 / #20160086633

Combine audio signals to animated images

An apparatus comprising: an input configured to receive at feast one audio signal and/or sensor signal; an image input configured to receive at least one image frame; a context determiner configured to determine at least one context based on the at least one audio signal and/or sensor signal; an audio track suggestion determiner configured to determine at least one context audio signal based on the at least one context; and a mixer configured to associate the at least one context audio signal with the at least one image frame.. . ... Nokia

03/24/16 / #20160086368

Image point of interest analyser with animation generator

An apparatus comprising a point of interest analyser configured to define at least one region within an image as an interest region, determine a position associated with the at least one region; an audio track generator configured to determine at least one audio signal based on the position; and an animated presentation generator configured to generate an animated image comprising the at least one region and the at least one audio signal.. . ... Nokia

03/24/16 / #20160086334

A method and apparatus for estimating a pose of an imaging device

Embodiments relate to a method and a technical equipment for estimating a camera pose. The method comprises obtaining query binary feature descriptors for feature points in an image; placing a selected part of the obtained query binary feature descriptors into a query binary tree; and matching the query binary feature descriptors in the query binary tree to database binary feature descriptors of a database image to estimate a pose of a camera.. ... Nokia

03/24/16 / #20160086318

Method and apparatus for fusing distance data from a distance sensing camera with an image

It is inter alia disclosed a method comprising: projecting a distance value and position associated with each of a plurality of pixels of an array of pixel sensors in an image sensor of a time of flight camera system onto a three dimensional world coordinate space as a plurality of depth sample points; and merging pixels from a two dimensional camera image with the plurality of depth sample points of the three dimensional world coordinate space to produce a fused two dimensional depth mapped image.. . ... Nokia

03/24/16 / #20160085947

Sharing media content with multiple recipients

A computing device may provide a credential related to a service. Responsive to a validation of the credential, an identification of the service may be added to a contact listing associated with the computing device. ... Nokia

03/24/16 / #20160085385

An apparatus and associated methods

An apparatus, the apparatus comprising at least one processor, and at least one memory including computer program code, the at least one memory and the computer program code configured, with the at least one processor, to cause the apparatus to perform at least the following: provide at least one application in an application set for user activation, the inclusion of the at least one application in the application set based on time-dependent functionality of the at least one application.. . ... Nokia

03/17/16 / #20160081093

Transmission mode with user equipment independent physical downlink shared channel scrambling for inter-cell and intra-cell pdsch-to-pdsch interference cancellation

A method and apparatus for a transmission mode with user equipment (ue) independent physical downlink shared channel (pdsch) scrambling for inter-cell and intra-cell pdsch-to-pdsch interference cancellation. A method may include configuring (610) a first identifier (e.g. ... Nokia

03/17/16 / #20160081079

Broadcasting or multicasting of signalling messages in a wireless network using an access node as a broker

A method, apparatus, and computer program for routing messages between terminal devices of a wireless network are provided. A terminal device of the wireless network generates a signaling message to be transmitted as a broadcast or multicast message to at least one other terminal device of the wireless network, causes transmission of the signaling message as a unicast message to the access node and, after transmitting the unicast message to the access node, receives the signaling message from the access node as the broadcast or multicast message. ... Nokia

03/17/16 / #20160081042

Communication efficiency

There is provided a method, including receiving, by a receive node, a transmission request message for data transmission from a transmit node of a first basic service set, wherein the transmission request message includes an indication of a modulation and coding scheme to-be-used in the data transmission; detecting signal strength of the transmission request message; determining, based on the signal strength and the indicated modulation and coding scheme, a maximum tolerable interference level during the data transmission; and in response to the transmission request message, generating and sending, to the transmit node, a transmission permission message including an indication of the maximum tolerable interference level.. . ... Nokia

03/17/16 / #20160080991

Geran frequency based insight delivery to mobile devices

Network insights may be useful in various communication networks. For example, certain cellular or similar networks may benefit from the delivery of cellular network insights to subscriber devices based on global system for mobile communication (gsm) enhanced data rates for gsm evolution (edge) radio access network (geran) frequencies. ... Nokia

03/17/16 / #20160080971

Multicast paging message for indicating proprietary protocol support

Various communication systems may benefit from appropriate indications of protocol support. For example, certain wireless communication systems may use a multicast paging message for indicating proprietary protocol support. ... Nokia

03/17/16 / #20160080970

Virtual international mobile subscriber identity based insight delivery to mobile devices

Network insights may be useful in various communication networks. For example, certain cellular or similar networks may benefit from the delivery of cellular network insights to subscriber devices based on virtual international mobile subscriber identity (imsi). ... Nokia

03/17/16 / #20160080967

Method and apparatus for traffic re-routing based on application-layer traffic optimization services in wireless networks

Communication systems may benefit from a naming, traffic re-routing scheme based on application-layer traffic optimization services. A method may include sending a registration request to a first network element from at least two ue and receiving a registration response from the first network element to the at least two ue. ... Nokia

03/17/16 / #20160080962

Wi-fi signaling network insight delivery

Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for wi-fi signaling network insight delivery are provided. One method includes detecting, for example by an application running on a wireless device, at least one wi-fi advertised value. ... Nokia

03/17/16 / #20160080958

Logged measurements

Methods and apparatus, including computer program products, are provided for reporting wlan-related information. In one aspect there is provided a method. ... Nokia

03/17/16 / #20160080956

Wireless base station

Systems and methods are described for reducing an interference level associated with frequency drift in a wireless base station. The base station monitors an interference level in a frequency resource caused by a first frequency resource colliding with a second frequency resource. ... Nokia

03/17/16 / #20160080547

Method and apparatus for displaying updated contacts

In accordance with an example embodiment of the present invention, an electronic device, server or service may update at least one contact widget in real time. Further, the electronic device, server or service may display the at least one contact widget.. ... Nokia

03/17/16 / #20160080423

Imei based lawful interception for ip multimedia subsystem

The present invention addresses method, apparatus and computer program product for enabling international mobile equipment identifier based lawful interception for internet protocol ip multimedia subsystem, volte and beyond systems. Thereby, an international mobile equipment identifier allocated to a user equipment and verified by an evolved packet core is transmitted from a mobility management entity to a packet gateway, the international mobile equipment identifier is transmitted to a proxy call state control function via policy and charging rules function within the policy and charging control procedures at internet protocol multimedia subsystem registration, and the international mobile equipment identifier is transmitted to a serving call state control function at call set-up.. ... Nokia

03/17/16 / #20160080316

Subscriber identification and provisioning in ip translation environments

A method includes collecting interface information on a plurality of services. The services include core infrastructure and translation services. ... Nokia

03/17/16 / #20160080130

Channelization procedure for implementing persistent ack/nack and scheduling request

In one exemplary embodiment, a method includes: configuring a common resource space having a plurality of time-frequency resources and code resources, where the common resource space includes a first portion for a first type of signaling and a second portion for a second type of signaling, where the first type of signaling includes at least one of persistent acknowledgement signaling and scheduling request signaling, where the second type of signaling includes dynamic acknowledgement signaling; and allocating, based on the configured common resource space, resources of the common resource space for the at least one of persistent acknowledgement signaling and scheduling request signaling.. . ... Nokia

03/17/16 / #20160080123

Inter-enb signaling for fast muting adaptation

First almost-blank subframe, abs, information regarding multiple subframes, sfs, is received at an underlying access point, ap, from an overlaying ap, wherein the first abs information includes an identification of mandatory abs(s) in the multiple sfs. Second abs information regarding the multiple sfs is received at the underlying ap from the overlaying ap. ... Nokia

03/17/16 / #20160080101

Method and apparatus for mitigating interference

A method and apparatus can be configured to receive an input. The input comprises a plurality of values. ... Nokia

03/17/16 / #20160078877

Audio signal encoder

An apparatus comprising: a channel analyser configured to determine for a first frame of at least one audio signal a set of first frame audio signal multi-channel parameters; a multichannel difference selector configured to select for the first frame groups of elements of the set of first frame audio signal multi-channel parameters based on a value associated with the first frame; and a multichannel parameter encoder configured to generate an encoded first frame audio signal multi-channel parameter based on the selected groups of elements of the set of first frame audio signal multi-channel parameters.. . ... Nokia

03/17/16 / #20160078876

Speech transcoding in packet networks

Speech transcoding in packet networks may be useful when both incoming and outgoing speech streams of the transcoding entity are packet based. This can be any transcoding entity having packet interfaces. ... Nokia

03/17/16 / #20160078415

Method and apparatus for digital ticket inspection

A method, apparatus and computer software are disclosed, with obtaining from a backend (130) cryptographic information configured to enable digital inspection of whether credential information shows a valid digital ticket; and sending the received cryptographic information to a digital ticket inspection member (142) for verifying of validity of credential information of user devices (110) by the digital inspection member (142) or causing receiving of credential information from the digital inspection member (142) and verifying of validity of the credential information.. . ... Nokia

03/17/16 / #20160077187

Method and apparatus for providing location information of user devices based on signal frequencies of transmitters

An approach is provided for providing location information of user devices based on signal frequencies of transmitters. The positioning platform processes and/or facilitates a processing of one or more signals, from one or more transmitters, captured at one or more user devices to determine one or more frequencies of the one or more signals. ... Nokia

03/10/16 / #20160073442

Mobility handling for dual connectivity

Methods and apparatus, including computer program products, are provided for dual connectivity. In one aspect there is provided a method. ... Nokia

03/10/16 / #20160073439

Device selection

A technique for wireless communication is provided. According to an example embodiment, the technique comprises carrying out a proximity-based device selection for a second device in response to receiving, from a first device, one or more control messages that indicate presence of said second device and invoking at least one of one or more predefined actions in dependence of identity of said second device in response to said proximity-based device selection having resulted in selecting said second device.. ... Nokia

03/10/16 / #20160073422

Signalling for group communications

Apparatus and method for signalling are provided. The solution includes reserving resources for communication of a set of nodes (114, 116, 118) organized into one or more scheduling groups having a predetermined group identity, each node in a scheduling group having a unique identity. ... Nokia

03/10/16 / #20160073401

Component carrier configuration

A method of configuring a component carrier comprises determining how timings of receiving and/or sending data for at least two aggregated component carriers in at least one time period are related; and setting the timing of receiving and/or sending data for the at least two aggregated component carriers based on the determining.. . ... Nokia

03/10/16 / #20160073381

Compact downlink control information for machine type communications

A method for coverage enhancement is described. The method includes determining a dci assignment for a communications device experiencing limited coverage. ... Nokia

03/10/16 / #20160073337

Method, apparatus and computer program

A method including determining whether a transmitter of an apparatus has information to transmit; and causing a power amplifier of said apparatus to enter a first power state in response to said determining; wherein said determining is carried out within a radio portion of said apparatus.. . ... Nokia

03/10/16 / #20160073297

Control of offloading by the network

It is provided a method, including checking if a first condition for an offloading a first radio access bearer of a first radio access network of a first radio access technology to a second radio access network of a second radio access technology different from the first radio access technology is fulfilled, wherein the first condition is received for the first radio access bearer, and wherein the first condition includes a grouping information; preventing the offloading of the first radio access bearer to the second radio access network if the first condition is fulfilled.. . ... Nokia

03/10/16 / #20160073294

Providing wifi radio availability information

Certain embodiments generally relate to wifi radio availability information, such as, but not limited to methods, apparatuses, and systems for providing wifi radio availability information for wlan (wireless local area network)/3gpp (third generation partnership project) radio interworking purposes. For example, the method may include determining an availability of a non-cellular access, which is interworking with a cellular access, for an user equipment. ... Nokia

03/10/16 / #20160073269

White space database discovery

Methods and apparatus, including computer program products, are provided for white space database discovery. In one aspect there is provided a method. ... Nokia

03/10/16 / #20160073266

Resources in a communication system

A shortage of at least one resource is determined in a first radio network control entity that has joined a pool of radio network control resources. The first radio network control entity signals to at least one second radio network control entity of the pool a request for at least one resource. ... Nokia

03/10/16 / #20160073247

Method and apparatus for dynamic charging over multiple network nodes

A method, a corresponding apparatus, and a computer program product for dynamic charging over multiple network nodes. The method comprises collecting, at a first network node which has a first connection with a user equipment, charging information with respect to a second connection established between the user equipment and a second network node, wherein the second network node is connected with the first network node. ... Nokia

03/10/16 / #20160073198

Spatial audio apparatus

An apparatus comprising: an input configured to receive at least two audio signals; a frequency domain transformer configured to transform the at least two audio signals into a frequency domain representation of the at least two signals; a spatial covariance processor configured to generate an observed spatial covariance matrix from the frequency domain representations of the at least two audio signals; a beamformer configured to generate a spatial covariance matrix model comprising at least one beamformer kernel; a matrix factorizer configured to generate a linear magnitude mode! of audio objects; to combine the spatial covariance matrix model and the linear magnitude model; and further configured to determine at least one combination parameter, such that the at least one parameter for the combination attempts to optimise the combination; and a separator configured to cluster the audio objects based on the at least one combination parameter to create separated audio sources.. . ... Nokia

03/10/16 / #20160072855

Method, apparatus, and computer program product for media control for multiple devices

In an example embodiment, a method includes receiving, by an apparatus, one or more wireless discovery messages over a first wireless communication protocol; determining whether a source device of the one or more wireless discovery messages is a media playback device having required characteristics, based on information obtained from the received wireless discovery messages; transmitting a device information message that includes at least information usable for the source device to access the apparatus using a second wireless communication protocol, in response to determining that the source device is a media playback device having the required characteristics; establishing a wireless connection with the source device over the second wireless communication protocol in response to receiving a connection request from the source device over the second wireless communication protocol; and providing information regarding media content for playback to the source device over the wireless connection via the second wireless communication protocol.. . ... Nokia

03/10/16 / #20160072680

Trgw and virtualisation

A method and an apparatus are provided, by which control in a virtual network is performed, in which resources of a network are modeled, wherein the control of the virtual network is carried out according to a first network protocol. Moreover, a network interface is provided between the virtual network and the network the resources of which are modeled. ... Nokia

03/10/16 / #20160072666

Highly dynamic authorisation of concurrent usage of separated controllers

Methods and apparatuses are provided by which control in a virtual network is performed, in which resources of a network are modeled, wherein a network element is configured to be controlled by a first application control element, the method comprising establishing control information indicating at least one second application control element which is to be enabled to configure and/or control the network element, and sending the control information to a network control element. This network control element forwards the configuration information to a network element controller controlling the network element to accept configuration messages from the second application control element.. ... Nokia

03/10/16 / #20160072580

Optical link establishment

Methods and apparatuses for communication between a mobile device and a target device are disclosed. Information of a target device is determined by means of at least one element of a mobile device for providing an optical link with the target device. ... Nokia

03/10/16 / #20160072335

A wireless charger

The invention relates to testing charging capability a power interface of a device, for example, a usb port (12). A method for testing charging capability comprises receiving voltage at a power supply interface of a wireless charging transmitter (10), providing a load (11) between the power supply interface and ground for a duration by a power supply testing circuit of the wireless charging transmitter (10) comprising a charging area (24), measuring a power supply voltage between the power supply interface and the ground over the load (11), and determining a charging capability of the power supply interface on the basis of the measured power supply voltage. ... Nokia

03/10/16 / #20160072332

Flexible, hybrid energy generating and storage power cell

An apparatus includes a separator/electrolyte assembly; a first energy storage portion disposed on a first surface of the separator/electrolyte assembly; a second energy storage portion disposed on a second surface of the separator/electrolyte assembly; a first metallized piezoelectric film disposed on the first energy storage portion; and a second metallized piezoelectric film disposed on the second energy storage portion. When a force is applied to the first metallized piezoelectric film, a piezoelectric effect converts mechanical strain into electric potential and each energy storage portion stores the energy converted in the first energy storage portion and the second energy storage portion for subsequent discharge from the first energy portion and the second energy storage portion to an electronic device.. ... Nokia

03/10/16 / #20160072187

Apparatus and methods for wireless communication

An apparatus comprising: a feed portion (28) configured to couple to radio frequency circuitry; a first antenna portion (30) coupled to the feed portion (28) and configured to resonate in a first operational frequency band; a second antenna portion (32) coupled to the feed portion (28) and configured to resonate in a second operational frequency band, the first antenna portion (30) and the second antenna portion (32) defining a perimeter (42); and a third antenna portion (34) coupled to the feed portion (28) at a first end and extending around the perimeter (42) defined by the first and second antenna portions, the third antenna portion (34) being configured to electromagnetically couple to the feed portion (28) at a second end and resonate in a third operational frequency band.. . ... Nokia

03/10/16 / #20160071524

Audio modification for multimedia reversal

An apparatus comprises a display module; an audio transducer; and electronic circuitry comprising a controller having a processor and at least one memory. The electronic circuitry is configured to reverse a video signal, separate an audio signal associated with the video signal into a first audio object and a second audio object, separate the first audio object into first audio blocks, separate the second audio object into second audio blocks, reverse the first audio object in a first reverse order, reverse the second audio object in a second reverse order, and sum the reversed first audio object in the first reverse order and the reversed second audio object in the second reverse order, the reversed video signal being played on the display module and the first and second audio blocks being played through the audio transducer.. ... Nokia

03/10/16 / #20160071409

Controlling operation of a device

A method comprises determining, based on at least one radio frequency packet passed wirelessly between first and second devices using an array of plural antennas provided in one of the first and second devices, an orientation of the second device with respect to the first device and, if the orientation satisfies a predetermined criterion, controlling operation of the first device.. . ... Nokia

03/10/16 / #20160071253

Method and apparatus for image enhancement

Embodiments of the present invention relate to a method and apparatus for image enhancement. In particular, there is provided a method for image enhancement, the method comprising: estimating unsharpness of the image (s201-s204); determining a protection level of at least one pixel in the image based on the unsharpness (s205); and modifying a value of the at least one pixel to enhance the image, an amount of the modifying being determined at least in part based on the protection level (s206-s210). ... Nokia

03/10/16 / #20160071020

Method and apparatus for managing recommendation models

A platform for managing recommendation models is described. The platform processes and/or facilitates a processing of at least one user identification characteristic associated with at least one device to determine a user identity. ... Nokia

03/10/16 / #20160070351

User interfaces and associated methods

An apparatus and method for enabling the provision of differential haptic feedback to a user based on a particular degree of spatial interaction between a plurality of different user interface elements of a graphical user interface.. . ... Nokia

03/03/16 / #20160066299

Method and apparatus that uses multiple network-signaling values

A method and apparatus can be configured to transmit broadcast system information to a user equipment. The broadcast system information can comprise a frequency band indicator that is used for a plurality of instances. ... Nokia

03/03/16 / #20160066264

Access node dormancy

A technique including determining that a first access node serving a communication device is currently in a dormant, first state in which said first access node is not receiving radio transmissions; and controlling a radio transmitter or radio transceiver at said communication device to transmit a radio signal that triggers at least one second access node to alert said first access node of a request for said first access node to switch from said first state to a second state in which said first access node receives radio transmissions.. . ... Nokia

03/03/16 / #20160066241

Pdcp operation for dual connection

An apparatus of a communication network detects that a modification of a radio resource control connection for a user equipment is required. The apparatus decides, based on the detected modification requirement, if a re-establishment of a packet data convergence protocol is required for a first radio bearer and/or a second radio bearer, and indicates, in a radio resource control reconfiguration message, the first radio bearer and/or the second radio bearer for which re-establishment of the packet data convergence protocol is required. ... Nokia

03/03/16 / #20160066222

Multi-connectivity in a wireless network

An example technique may include establishing a multiple connection session in a wireless network by a user device, the multiple connection session including a first connection between the user device and a first cell and a second connection between the user device and a second cell, wherein the first connection and the second connection are independent, and wherein one or more downlink data units for the multiple connection session are received by both the first cell and the second cell, controlling sending, by the user device to the first cell, a request to receive a first group of data units of the multiple connection session, and controlling sending, by the user device to the second cell, a request to receive a second group of data units of the multiple connection session, wherein the first group of data units is different than the second group of data units.. . ... Nokia

03/03/16 / #20160066219

Mobility management entity (mme) triggered detach and re-attach to a specific target mme

Systems, methods, apparatuses, and a computer program products for mobility management entity (mme) triggered detach and re-attach to a specific target mme are provided. One method includes receiving or obtaining a trigger to move a ue attached to a source mme to another target mme. ... Nokia

03/03/16 / #20160066192

Methods and apparatus for managing wireless spectrum usage

Improved mechanisms for managing use of shared spectrum resources. A requesting element such as a base station requests authorization for use of shared spectrum resources for one or more base stations. ... Nokia

03/03/16 / #20160066172

Charging mechanism for communication network

There is provided a charging control mechanism allowing flexible charging in specified communication areas of a communication network, for example of a wlan. When it is detected that a ue tries to access in a specified communication network area, a charging setting to be used for a communication in the specified communication network area is determined and a rating information in the form of a rating attribute is included in each cdr for indicating the charging setting to be used for charging a communication of the ue in the specified communication network area. ... Nokia

03/03/16 / #20160065419

Method and apparatus for generating insight into the customer experience of web based applications

Methods, apparatuses, and computer program products capable of providing insight and understanding into the user experience of web based applications are provided. One method includes collecting and measuring application level key performance indicators, detecting user actions by monitoring network side user traffic in a network, correlating the user actions with the application level key performance indicators in order to evaluate and quantify a quality of experience (qo e) of the user, and correlating poor qo e with network side key performance indicators in order to determine an underlying root cause of the poor qo e.. ... Nokia

03/03/16 / #20160065415

System and method for functional elements

Systems and methods whereby, for example, one or more functional elements can be established and/or employed. Such functional elements might serve a number of purposes. ... Nokia

03/03/16 / #20160065406

Supporting dynamic multipoint communication configuration

An apparatus, method and computer program product for supporting dynamic multipoint communication configuration stations include defining at least two different communication transmission sets for cellular-based communication between base station and terminal, wherein the communication transmission sets are related to a downlink reference signal configuration; and assigning a communication transmission set for use in a current transmission related to the cellular-based communication.. . ... Nokia

03/03/16 / #20160065302

Method and apparatus for communication

A method including receiving signals at a first frequency and at a second frequency; and switching between the first frequency and the second frequency during one of a plurality of subframes within a radio frame for transmission subsequent to said receiving.. . ... Nokia

03/03/16 / #20160065237

Dynamic range reduction for analog-to-digital converters

In accordance with the exemplary embodiments of the invention there is at least an apparatus to perform a method including receiving by an analog-to-digital converter a signal; determining whether an in-band blocker is present in the signal; and adjusting a transfer function of the analog-to-digital converter based on whether an in-band blocker is present by configuring a loop filter of the analog-to-digital converter.. . ... Nokia

03/03/16 / #20160064004

Multiple channel audio signal encoder mode determiner

It is inter alia disclosed a method comprising: determining an indication of similarity between a first audio frame of a multiple channel input audio signal and a second audio frame of the multiple channel input audio signal; and determining a coding mode for a multiple channel audio spatial encoder dependent on each of: data indicating a coding mode of a mono audio encoder for the first audio frame of the multiple channel input audio signal; a coding mode of the multichannel spatial audio encoder for the first audio frame of the multiple channel input audio signal; and the indication of similarity.. . ... Nokia

03/03/16 / #20160063732

Method and apparatus for determining a building location based on a building image

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided for determining a building location based on a building image. In the context of a method, the method includes receiving an image including at least one building, extracting building texture features from the image, and receiving reference building texture features. ... Nokia

03/03/16 / #20160063719

Method, apparatus and computer program product for disparity estimation of foreground objects in images

In an example embodiment, method, apparatus and computer program product are provided. The method includes facilitating receipt of first image (i1) and second image (i2) of a scene. ... Nokia

03/03/16 / #20160063671

A method and apparatus for updating a field of view in a user interface

There is inter alia a method comprising: determining an image of at least one object in a perspective view of a user interface which corresponds to at least one object in a field of view, wherein the at least one object obscures at least part of an area of the field of view; rendering a graphical representation of the field of view in the user interface to represent the at least part of the area of the field of view which is at least in part obscured by the at least one object; and overlaying the rendered graphical representation of the field of view on a plan view of the user interface, wherein the plan view corresponds to a map of the perspective view of the user interface.. . ... Nokia

03/03/16 / #20160063335

A method and technical equipment for people identification

A method and a technical equipment for people identification. The method comprises detecting a person segment in video frames; extracting feature vector sets for several feature categories from the person segment; generating a person feature model of the extracted feature vectors sets; and transmitting the person feature model to a people identification model pool. ... Nokia

03/03/16 / #20160062935

Usb type c to mhl m1 dead battery charging

Methods and apparatus, including computer program products, are provided for cable, connectors, and/or other devices. In one aspect there is provided an apparatus. ... Nokia

03/03/16 / #20160062758

Method, apparatus and system for performing mass operations in a wireless network

A method performed by a controller in a wireless network includes arranging a plurality of nodes into at least one group of nodes; selecting, from the plurality of nodes in one group of the at least one group of nodes, a first node; performing an operation at the first node; informing a next node from the plurality of nodes that the operation has been completed; performing the operation at the next node; repeating the informing and performing at a next node until the operation has been performed at each of the plurality of nodes.. . ... Nokia

03/03/16 / #20160062724

Method, apparatus and computer program product for joining the displays of multiple devices

A method is provided for enhancing a user interface with a mobile device by joining the displays of multiple devices together to function together with one another. In particular, example methods may provide for detecting a first touch or drag event, receiving a message indicating a second touch or drag event from a nearby device occurring during the first touch or drag event, creating a join event, and providing for transmission of the join event to the nearby device. ... Nokia

03/03/16 / #20160062642

Mode switching

Based on one or more characteristics of a received translation input, a computing device is switched between two or more states. The translation input may be a touch input, for example a drag operation. ... Nokia

03/03/16 / #20160062456

Method and apparatus for live user recognition

Embodiments of the present invention relate to a method and apparatus for live user recognition. There is disclosed a method for live user recognition. ... Nokia

02/25/16 / #20160057783

Mechanism for providing communication resources for random access of a user

In an lte-a mobile communications system, provision of additional random access resources, called “shadow” prach, that are available to user equipments, ues, for a contention-free access procedure during handover. Enbs provide information on prach resources, broadcasting a first set of resources available for contention-based and contention-free random access and indicating via the x2 interface to neighbouring enbs such additional prach resources, together with corresponding preambles, which are in turn indicated via dedicated signalling to ues during a handover procedure.. ... Nokia

02/25/16 / #20160057688

Handling uplink/downlink imbalance

Methods and apparatus, including computer program products, are provided for internetworking. In some example embodiments, there is provided a method. ... Nokia

02/25/16 / #20160057680

Apparatus and method for interworking optimization in connection with cellular handover

One embodiment is directed to a method comprising receiving and storing a set of cellular network and unlicensed frequency network interworking parameters from a cellular source cell; offloading data traffic from the cellular source cell to an unlicensed frequency network based on the stored set of interworking parameters; receiving a handover command including a second set of cellular network and unlicensed frequency network interworking parameters; checking whether information regarding unlicensed frequency network has been received from a cellular target cell; and if the information regarding unlicensed frequency network has not been received, determining whether to use the second set of cellular network and unlicensed frequency network interworking parameters after the handover.. . ... Nokia

02/25/16 / #20160057652

Enhanced back-off timer solution for gtp-c overload control

A system, a method, an apparatus, and a computer program product for general packet radio service (gprs) tunneling protocol control plane (gtp-c) overload control is provided. One method includes sending a message indicating overload to a network entity. ... Nokia

02/25/16 / #20160057644

Guaranteed periods of inactivity for network listening modes

The present invention provides methods, apparatuses and computer program product relating to guaranteed periods of inactivity for network listening modes. The present invention includes configuring a measurement configuration message, the measurement configuration message including measurement gap information, and transmitting the measurement configuration message to at least two user equipments connected to the base station, wherein the measurement gap information included in the measurement configuration message is the same for each of the at least two user equipments.. ... Nokia

02/25/16 / #20160057633

Methods and apparatus for antenna tilt optimization

Systems and techniques for antenna optimization are described. Information such as statistics relating to conditions are collected, and evaluated against specified criteria in an iterative process. ... Nokia

02/25/16 / #20160057603

Node discovery according to allocated discovery patterns

A technique, including controlling a radio transmitter or radio transceiver of a first node to transmit discovery signals at time periods defined by a first discovery pattern allocated to said first node from a set of discovery patterns each defining a respective combination of transmission time periods from a set of time periods; and controlling the radio transmitter or radio transceiver to use for said discovery signals one or more radio resources allocated to the transmission time periods of said first discovery pattern from radio resources shared by the set of discovery patterns, wherein any radio resource allocated to any transmission time period of any one of the discovery patterns is distinguished from any radio resource allocated to any other of the discovery patterns for the same transmission time period.. . ... Nokia

02/25/16 / #20160057353

An apparatus, method and computer program for image stabilization

An apparatus including an image sensor configured to capture an image and optics, wherein the image sensor and optics align along an optical axis; optical image stabilization circuitry configured to determine and apply a target optical adjustment to compensate during capture of an image, for movement of the optical axis as a consequence of detected movement of the apparatus; post-capture image stabilization circuitry configured to process the captured image using a residual optical adjustment to obtain a compensated captured image, wherein the residual optical adjustment depends upon a difference between a measured optical adjustment, achieved during capture of the image, and the determined target optical adjustment.. . ... Nokia

02/25/16 / #20160057291

Enabling monitoring and reporting for dynamic policy enforcement in multi-operator wholesale networks

Monitoring and reporting for policy enforcement may benefit various communication systems. For example, multi-operator wholesale networks may benefit from enablement of monitoring and reporting for dynamic policy enforcement. ... Nokia

02/25/16 / #20160057218

Method, system, computer program, and apparatus for augmenting media based on proximity detection

Augmenting media based on proximity detection involves detecting proximate devices of participants of an event via a wireless proximity device. User media associated with the participants is obtaining based on the proximity detection and further based on contact data associated with the participants. ... Nokia

02/25/16 / #20160057121

Secured network architecture

A secure storage for an x.509v3 digital certificate is provided (301, 302). Ports of a first and second apparatus (101, 102) are mutually authenticated (303) by using 802.1x based authentication and 802.1ar certificates. ... Nokia

02/25/16 / #20160057088

Method and apparatus for transmitting information

Embodiments of the present invention provide a method and apparatus for transmitting information. In one embodiment of the present invention, there is provided a method for transmitting information, comprising: creating an activity in response to having received inputted information from a user u; looking up a first number of users matching the activity in contact information of the user u; adding the first number of users into a candidate list; transmitting a notification of the activity to users in the candidate list; wherein the contact information comprises at least one address book through which the user u communicates with a plurality of other users via at least one communication channel. ... Nokia

02/25/16 / #20160056947

Reference configuration for flexible time division duplexing

There are provided measures for reference configuration for flexible time division duplexing. Such measures exemplarily include obtaining a first configuration parameter and a second configuration parameter, determining an uplink reference configuration for a flexible uplink/downlink mode from said first configuration parameter, determining a downlink reference configuration for said flexible uplink/downlink mode from said second configuration parameter, and deriving an uplink/downlink configuration candidate set based on at least one of said first configuration parameter and said second configuration parameter.. ... Nokia

02/25/16 / #20160056806

All-digital delay-locked loop tuning method with randomized lsb-tuning

In some example embodiments, there may be provided an apparatus. The apparatus may include a delay line including a plurality of cells; and tuning circuitry coupled to the delay line and configured to generate a first output and a second output to tune the delay of the delay line, wherein the first output tunes in aggregate the plurality of cells of the delay line, and wherein the second output tunes each of the plurality of cells separately. ... Nokia

02/25/16 / #20160055104

Apparatus and method for copying rules between devices

Devices, systems, and methods are described for allowing rules that are applied to one device to be applied to another device based on a user's interaction with only the devices. A rule-copy action, such as simultaneous shaking of the two devices, proximity of the two devices to each other, and/or the relative positions of the two devices, may be detected at one of the devices (e.g., a first device to which the user desires the rules or a copy of the rules to apply). ... Nokia

02/25/16 / #20160054984

Method and apparatus for providing template-based applications

An approach is provided for template or component-based applications. A service platform determines one or more application components preloaded on at least one device. ... Nokia

02/25/16 / #20160054824

An apparatus comprising user interface device

An apparatus including a plurality of layers configured to provide a user interface device; and a flexible layer overlaying the plurality of layers; wherein the flexible layer is continuous across a bend region and at least one of the plurality of layers is discontinuous across the bend region.. . ... Nokia

02/25/16 / #20160054427

Utilizing shortened derivatives of identifiers of entities of communication systems for retrieving positioning information

A method performed by an apparatus, the method comprising obtaining an identifier associated with an entity of a communication system, generating, from said identifier, a shortened derivative of said identifier, and using said shortened derivative of said identifier to retrieve a set of positioning information associated with said entity of said communication system. Also disclosed is a method performed by an apparatus, the method comprising obtaining an identifier associated with an entity of a communication system, obtaining a set of positioning information associated with said identifier, generating, from said identifier, a shortened derivative of said identifier, and associating said shortened derivative with said set of positioning information.. ... Nokia

02/25/16 / #20160051199

Method, apparatus and computer program for activity sensor data processing

According to one aspect there is provided a method comprising: loading, with an application, a webpage comprising an embedded activity recognition module; causing collection of activity sensor data from at least one sensor of a mobile device with a sensor polling module; causing transmission of the activity sensor data to the embedded activity recognition module; causing processing of the collected sensor data with the embedded activity recognition module to form processed activity sensor data; and receiving the processed activity sensor data from the activity recognition module.. . ... Nokia

02/18/16 / #20160050707

Method and apparatus for data radio bearer configuration in a heterogeneous network

In accordance with an example embodiment of the present invention, an apparatus comprising: at least one processor; and at least one memory including computer program code, wherein the at least one memory and the computer program code are configured to, with the at least one processor, cause the apparatus to perform at least the following: receive information on data radio bearer transmission configuration from a primary serving cell or a secondary serving cell which indicates configuration of data radio bearer transmission in at least one serving cell; and transmit data according to the configuration.. . ... Nokia

02/18/16 / #20160050598

Small cell offloading command

A method includes, when operating in a connected state in a first cell such as a macro cell, reporting a presence of a second cell such as a small cell to the macro cell; receiving a first offloading command; storing connected state context information associated with the macro cell; establishing a connected state with the small cell; storing connected state context information associated with the small cell; performing at least one data offloading operation with the small cell and, upon a termination of data offloading operation, reestablishing the connected state with the macro cell using the stored connected state context information associated with the macro cell.. . ... Nokia

02/18/16 / #20160050578

Interference measurement resource (imr) signaling and use to support interference coordination between cells

Indication(s) of a configuration of first interference measurement resources in first subframe(s) and of a configuration of second interference measurement resources in second subframe(s) are received at a first bs and from a second bs using an interface between the first and second bss. The first bs transmits zero or low power res that coincide with the res belonging to the first interference measurement resources in the first subframe(s). ... Nokia

02/18/16 / #20160050576

Ensuring the performance of normal performance carriers

In some example embodiments, there may be provided a method. The method may include receiving, at a user equipment, a plurality of multicarrier parameters including a scaling parameter, a first quantity of carriers in a first group of carriers, and a second quantity of carriers in a second group of carriers; operating in a first mode using the received scaling factor, when the received plurality of multicarrier parameters does not result in the second group having equal or better monitoring performance than the first group; and operating in a second mode inhibiting use of the received scaling factor, when the received plurality of multicarrier parameters results in the second group having equal or better monitoring performance than the first group. ... Nokia

02/18/16 / #20160050545

Identifying downlink user packets

A method and apparatus can be configured to transmit, by a first user equipment, a first communication. The method can also receive, by the first user equipment, a group communication. ... Nokia

02/18/16 / #20160050544

Enhancements to embms for group communication

Various communications may benefit from enhancements for group communication. For example, evolved packet system including an evolved multimedia broadcast/multicast service may benefit from such enhancements. ... Nokia

02/18/16 / #20160050413

Method for coding and an apparatus

There is disclosed a method comprising receiving a set of coefficients; and determining whether a sign of a coefficient in the set of coefficients can be embedded in a bitstream. If the determining indicates that the sign of the coefficient in the set of coefficients can be embedded in the bitstream, an indication of the embedded sign is inserted into the bitstream. ... Nokia

02/18/16 / #20160050186

Method and apparatus for diverse security handling in an enhanced local area network

A method for diverse security handling may comprise: maintaining a first connection between a user equipment and a first network node, and a second connection between the user equipment and a second network node which has a third connection with the first network node; setting an indicator in a packet to indicate whether a destination of user data in the packet is the first network node or the second network node; and transmitting the packet from the user equipment to the first network node via the first connection.. . ... Nokia

02/18/16 / #20160050183

Method and apparatus for providing privacy adaptation based on receiver context

An approach is provided for determining a communication session established between at least one first device of at least one first user and at least one second device of at least one second user, wherein the at least one first device and the at least one second device are in a collaborative context detection relationship. The privacy platform causes, at least in part, a detection of a presence of at least one third user within a proximity threshold of the at least one first device, the at least one second device, the at least one first user, the at least one second user, or a combination thereof, wherein the detection is performed via the collaborative context detection relationship. ... Nokia

02/18/16 / #20160049738

Connector arrangement

A connector arrangement, including a connector including an outer connector, an inner connector and attaching means for attaching the connector to a first object, the connector being movable in relation to the first object; a second connector including a second outer connector, a second inner connector, and second attaching means for attaching the second connector to a second object and a bullet connector including a bullet outer connector and bullet inner connector. The bullet outer connector is configured to make a contact with the first and the second connector to form first and second conductive signal paths from the first connector to the second connector.. ... Nokia

02/18/16 / #20160048372

User interaction with an apparatus using a location sensor and microphone signal(s)

An apparatus includes one or more location sensors configured to output one or more signals and one or more microphones configured to form corresponding microphone signals. The apparatus also includes one or more processors configured to cause the apparatus to perform at least the following: determination, using the one or more signals from the one or more location sensors, of a direction of at least one object relative to the apparatus; recognition, by the apparatus using a signal from a microphone in the apparatus, of one or more attributes of an acoustic signal made by the at least one object; and causation of an operation to be performed by the apparatus in response to the direction and the recognized one or more attributes being determined to correspond to the operation. ... Nokia

02/18/16 / #20160048290

An apparatus and associated methods

An apparatus, the apparatus comprising at least one processor, and at least one memory including computer program code, the at least one memory and the computer program code configured, with the at least one processor, to cause the apparatus to perform at least the following: change the state of a touch-sensitive input layer from a non-detecting state to a detecting state based on detection of a user input made using a user interface of an electronic device, the user interface comprising the touch-sensitive input layer and a physical key layer wherein the respective layers are at least partly overlying and the detection of the user input comprises detection of actuation using the physical key layer.. . ... Nokia

02/18/16 / #20160048278

Selecting user interface view

An apparatus, method, and computer program product for: receiving an indication of a lock signal at a first point in time, receiving an indication of an unlock signal at a second point in time, determining a lock period based on the first point in time and the second point in time, and, in dependence on the determined lock period, selecting a user interface view for displaying upon unlocking a device, wherein the unlocking is performed in response to the received indication of the unlock signal.. . ... Nokia

02/18/16 / #20160048208

An apparatus

An apparatus comprising: at least one first input configured to receive at least one first sensor signal, the at least one first sensor signal having a first modality; at least one second input configured to receive at least one second sensor signal, the at least one second sensor signal having a second modality different from the first modality; and a codec configured to generate at least one meta signal comprising and stored using separate resources the at least one first sensor signal and the at least one second sensor signal.. . ... Nokia

02/11/16 / #20160044713

Signalling procedures for data transmissions

. . A technique including deciding at a communication device between different types of signalling procedure for a data transmission to a network, based on one or more rules outside the control of the communication device; wherein said different types of signalling procedure have different signalling overhead profiles.. . ... Nokia

02/11/16 / #20160044663

Dynamic uplink-downlink configuration

A method and apparatus can be configured to determine an uplink-downlink configuration. The method also transmits an indication of the uplink-downlink configuration. ... Nokia

02/11/16 / #20160044654

Method and apparatus for reducing uplink transmissions

Various methods are provided for reducing uplink transmissions. One example method may comprise causing operation of use equipment in a uplink synchronized state, wherein updates are received periodically in a on duration period, on duration periods are related to discontinuous reception (drx) short cycle timer, receiving instruction to disable uplink transmission during one or more on duration periods related to short cycle timer of drx, and causing disablement of uplink transmission in accordance with instruction.. ... Nokia

02/11/16 / #20160044650

Methods and apparatus for interference management

Systems and techniques for interference management. A set of csi-rs subframe configurations is established, and a mapping specified associating each csi-rs subframe configuration with a corresponding csi-rs configuration subset indicator, such that the csi-rs configuration subset indicator identifies allowed csi-rs subframe configurations at a first base station. ... Nokia

02/11/16 / #20160044586

Method, apparatus and computer program for handling overlapping interworking information

Methods and apparatus, including computer program products, are provided for interworking. In one aspect there is provided a method. ... Nokia

02/11/16 / #20160044569

Measurement configuration for heterogenous networks

Methods and apparatus, including computer program products, are provided for measurement configuration in heterogeneous networks. In one aspect there is provided a method. ... Nokia

02/11/16 / #20160044553

Background search of small cells

Certain embodiments generally relate to background inter-frequency measurement, such as, but not limited to a method and apparatus of background search of small cells. For example, the method may include limiting ue performance/capability to find small cells by relaxing ue performance. ... Nokia

02/11/16 / #20160044541

Relaxed performance requirements for offloading measurements

Various communication systems may benefit from relaxed performance requirements. For example, long term evolution (lte), and in particular heterogeneous networks (hetnet) as well as small cell detection and discovery in small cell deployments in general, may benefit from relaxed performance requirements for offloading measurements. ... Nokia

02/11/16 / #20160044410

Audio apparatus

An apparatus comprising: an input configured to receive at least two groups of at least two audio signals; a first audio former configured to generate a first formed audio signal from a first of the at least two groups of at least two audio signals; a second audio former configured to generate a second formed audio signal from the second of the at least two groups of at least two audio signals; an audio analyser configured to analyse the first formed audio signal and the second formed audio signal to determine at least one audio source and an associated audio source signal; and an audio signal synthesiser configured to generate at least one output audio signal based on the at least one audio source and the associated audio source signal.. . ... Nokia

02/11/16 / #20160044397

Audio transducer electrical connectivity

An apparatus including an audio transducer configured to generate sound and a structure configured to physically mount the transducer to another member. The transducer includes a housing, a diaphragm and a driver configured to move the diaphragm. ... Nokia

02/11/16 / #20160043955

Delivery of protocol data units

Delivery of protocol data units or other suitable data or information units in various communication systems can be enhanced by appropriate methods and devices. For example, in-sequence delivery of protocol data units received in parallel from several lower-layer acknowledged-mode protocol entities may benefit from timers and/or forwarding status reports. ... Nokia

02/11/16 / #20160043883

Channel estimation in wireless communications

Channel estimation where at least two sets of multipath components for a reception range are formed by applying spatial filtering to reference signal information measured by a communication device. Each set of multipath components comprises a number of multipath components that is less than the number of multipath components for the range. ... Nokia

02/11/16 / #20160043841

Signaling arrangement for wireless system

Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for a signaling arrangement for a wireless system are provided. One method includes transmitting a short control signaling (scs) message to one or more user equipment (ue). ... Nokia

02/11/16 / #20160042350

Method and apparatus for recovery during authentication

Techniques for recovery during authentication include initiating sending a hypertext transfer protocol (http) authentication message from user equipment of a user to a merchant node of a merchant. If the user is not authenticated in response to the http authentication message, then sending a short message service (sms) message from the user equipment to the merchant node is initiated. ... Nokia

02/11/16 / #20160042234

Vehicle counting and emission estimation

A computing device, for example, receives image data of vehicles on a path captured by a camera. The image is analyzed using a low level feature extraction on the image data. ... Nokia

02/11/16 / #20160042224

An apparatus and associated methods

An apparatus, the apparatus comprising at least one processor, and at least one memory including computer program code, the at least one memory and the computer program code configured, with the at least one processor, to cause the apparatus to perform at least the following: based on a detected user position indication of a facial feature associated with a face, provide for anchoring of the position of a corresponding computer generated facial feature so that facial landmark localisation for the corresponding computer generated facial feature can be anchored around the corresponding position on a computer generated image of the face.. . ... Nokia

02/11/16 / #20160041806

Audio source control

Apparatus, a method and a computer program are provided. The method comprises: running, on a computing device having a multitasking environment with a foreground and a background, a first application in the foreground; running a second application on the computing device, in the background, concurrently with the first application; and responding to user input by enabling audio from the second application to be output by one or more loudspeakers while the second application remains in the background of the multitasking environment.. ... Nokia

02/11/16 / #20160041716

Apparatus comprising a display and a method and computer program

An apparatus including: a display including a central portion and a curved side portion; a memory storing pages of content; and a display controller configured to control simultaneously the central portion of the display to display at least a portion of a first page of content and the curved side portion of the display to display additional information not forming part of the first page of content.. . ... Nokia

02/04/16 / #20160037511

Coordinated multipoint joint transmission with relaxed backhaul requirements

A method for coordinated multipoint transmission includes collecting, in a serving comp-ma, channel state information, csis, reported by terminals served by enbs within a cooperating set. The serving comp-ma selects dominant interferers as candidate transmitting enbs for a terminal. ... Nokia

02/04/16 / #20160037476

Method for a secure detach procedure in a radio telecommunication network

A method for performing a detach of a terminal registered to a telecommunication network is disclosed. The detach is performed by associating an identification for the terminal, deriving a signature for the identification, and allocating a pair consisting of the identification and the signature to the terminal. ... Nokia

02/04/16 / #20160037421

Handover of mobility management entity for load balancing

There is provided a mechanism for executing a handover for a subscriber between mobility management entities for load balancing reasons. A current mobility management entity sends (s10) a handover trigger message to a communication network control element like an enb for indicating a relocation to the current cell and tracking area of the subscriber. ... Nokia

02/04/16 / #20160037402

Mechanism for a fast handover using resource pools and random access procedure

An apparatus at least one processor, and at least one memory for storing instructions to be executed by the processor, wherein the at least one memory and the instructions are configured to, with the at least one processor, cause the apparatus at least: to create at least one pool of communication resources for a fast handover procedure, wherein at least one set of communication resources is allocated to a pool of communication resources, and to cause a transmission of information indicating the content of the at least one pool of communication resources to a neighboring cell for allocating the pool of communication resources to the neighboring cell.. . ... Nokia

02/04/16 / #20160037318

Method to disable a network access application in a secure element

A method comprises causing a network access application or cellular authentication in a secure element to be disabled by changing a status of security information. In one embodiment, a method is provided to disable the network access applications of a uicc, in case of an emergency call, by resetting a verification status of the pin.. ... Nokia

02/04/16 / #20160037296

Provision of information regarding a mobile station

A method of providing information regarding a mobile station adapted for communication via a communication system is provided. In the method an area event notification request is received at a location service entity provided in association with the communication system, the area event notification request containing information associated with the identity of the mobile station and an area of interest. ... Nokia

02/04/16 / #20160036945

Signal transmission

An approach for bandwidth-efficient transmission of signals is provided, e.g. As an apparatus, as a method or as a computer program. ... Nokia

02/04/16 / #20160035357

Audio signal encoder comprising a multi-channel parameter selector

An apparatus comprising: a channel analyser configured to determine for a first frame of at least one audio signal a set of first frame audio signal multi-channel parameters; a multichannel parameter selector configured to select for the first frame a sub-set of the set of first frame audio signal multi-channel parameters based on a value associated with the first frame; and a multichannel parameter encoder configured to generate an encoded first frame audio signal multi-channel parameter based on the selected sub-set of the set of first frame audio signal multi-channel parameters.. . ... Nokia

02/04/16 / #20160034488

Method and apparatus for modifying compressed files

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided for preparing and installing update packages for compressed files. In the context of a method, a method for preparing an update package is provided that includes receiving an original file and a modified file, causing the original file and the modified file to be decompressed, and generating one or more delta files based on the decompressed original file and the decompressed modified file. ... Nokia

02/04/16 / #20160033738

Apparatus, method and computer program for capturing images

An apparatus, method and computer program wherein the apparatus includes an image sensor, an optical arrangement including at least one adjustable focusing element; wherein the adjustable focusing element is configured to alternate between a first focus distance and a second focus distance as an image is captured by the image sensor.. . ... Nokia

01/28/16 / #20160029424

Direct device-to-device communications radio technology selection

Methods and apparatus, including computer program products, are provided for providing, by a user equipment, information representative of one or more radio technologies available for use by a device-to-device radio interface at the user equipment; and receiving, by the user equipment, an indication representative of a selection of at least one of the one or more radio technologies for use by the device-to-device radio interface at the user equipment. Related apparatus, systems, methods, and articles are also described.. ... Nokia

01/28/16 / #20160029412

Sensing and/or transmission coverage adaptation using interference information

Methods and apparatus, including computer program products, are provided for sensing and/or transmission coverage adaptation using interference information. In one aspect there is provided a method. ... Nokia

01/28/16 / #20160029388

Ul serving link's role change in heterogeneous network

It is provided a method, including identifying a weak cell serving a downlink of a first user device; detecting a strong cell different from the weak cell, wherein an uplink of the first user device has a lower uplink path loss towards the strong cell than towards the weak cell; preventing the weak cell from providing a first grant for the uplink, if the strong cell is detected.. . ... Nokia

01/28/16 / #20160029278

Handover of mobility management entity for load balancing

There is provided a mechanism for executing a handover for a subscriber between mobility management entities for load balancing reasons. A current mobility management entity sends (s10) a handover trigger message to a communication network control element like an enb for indicating a relocation to the current cell and tracking area of the subscriber. ... Nokia

01/28/16 / #20160029265

Method and apparatus for mobility control in a heterogenous network

A method, corresponding apparatuses, and a computer program product for enhancing small cell mobility are provided. The method comprises measuring a first channel quality level in a primary serving cell over a primary component carrier. ... Nokia

01/28/16 / #20160029233

Evaluation of throughput of aggregated connections

There are provided measures for evaluation of throughput of carrier aggregated user equipments. Such measures exemplarily include determining, per communication endpoint implementing carrier aggregation aggregating one primary connection and at least one secondary connection, a transmission volume with at least one activated secondary connection, determining, per communication endpoint implementing carrier aggregation aggregating one primary connection and at least one secondary connection, a time with transmission data in a transmission buffer and at least one activated secondary connection, and obtaining, per communication endpoint, a transmission throughput with at least one activated secondary connection, based on said transmission volume and said time.. ... Nokia

01/28/16 / #20160029210

Method and apparatus for providing an anonymous communication session

An approach is provided for generating and/or sharing of at least one key upon registering communication identifiers associated with one or more devices for an anonymous communication session. The approach involves causing, at least in part, a generation of at least one key associated with at least one anonymous communication session. ... Nokia

01/28/16 / #20160029182

Method and apparatus for sharing a communication among wireless devices

Methods and apparatuses are provided for enabling a communication intended for a device to be automatically conveyed to a group of other devices within proximity of the device. A method may include determining at least one communication directed to at least one device and one or more other devices within a proximity of the at least one device. ... Nokia

01/28/16 / #20160029136

Arranging an audio signal based on the number of loudspeakers

An apparatus including: a router configured to route a first audio signal to a local loudspeaker apparatus; and a switch configured to route at least one further audio signal, wherein in a first mode of operation the switch is configured to route the at least one further audio signal to at least one remote loudspeaker apparatus dependent on determining the presence of at least one remote loudspeaker apparatus, and in a second mode of operation the switch is configured to route the at least one further audio signal to the local loudspeaker apparatus.. . ... Nokia

01/28/16 / #20160029117

Apparatus

Apparatus including: an acoustic transducer, and a sound channel coupled to the acoustic transducer, the sound channel including an element having a shape that is electrically controllable, wherein the shape of the element is electrically controllable to change the acoustic properties of the sound channel.. . ... Nokia

01/28/16 / #20160028959

Methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for improved picture taking

Methods, apparatuses, and computer program products are herein provided for providing markers for improved picture taking. A method may include causing presentation of information representative of a live environment on a screen. ... Nokia

01/28/16 / #20160028831

Method and apparatus for connection management

In accordance with an example embodiment of the present invention, there is provided a method, comprising receiving in an apparatus a first message from a second apparatus located in a different domain as the apparatus, the first message comprising a logical name of the second apparatus and a first global address, receiving a second message from a third apparatus, the second message comprising a second global address, and determining whether the first and second global addresses are the same address, or where the first and second global addresses are ipv6 addresses, whether they belong to the same network, and responsive to the first and second global addresses being the same address, or in the case of ipv6 belonging to the same network, causing transmission of information comprising at least one of a logical name and a local address of the second apparatus to the third apparatus.. . ... Nokia

01/28/16 / #20160028374

Apparatus and method for tuning a resonance frequency

There are disclosed various apparatuses and methods for tuning a resonance frequency. In some embodiments there is provided an apparatus (200) comprising at least one input electrode (202, 204) for receiving radio frequency signals; a graphene foil (210) for converting at least part of the radio frequency signals into mechanical energy; at least one dielectric support element (212) to support the graphene foil (210) and to space apart the at least one input electrode (202, 204) and the graphene foil (210). ... Nokia

01/28/16 / #20160027445

Stereo audio signal encoder

An apparatus comprising a mapper configured to map an instance of a parameter according to a first mapping to generate a first mapped instance; a remapper configured to remap the first mapped instance dependent on the frequency distribution of mapped instances to generate a remapped instance with an associated order position; and an encoder configured to encode the remapped instance dependent on an order position of the remapped instance.. . ... Nokia

01/28/16 / #20160027421

Audio signal analysis

An apparatus comprises a dereverberation module for generating a dereverberated audio signal based on an original audio signal containing reverberation, and an audio-analysis module for generating audio analysis data based on audio analysis of the original audio signal and audio analysis of the dereverberated audio signal.. . ... Nokia

01/28/16 / #20160027420

Evaluation of beats, chords and downbeats from a musical audio signal

A server system 500 is provided for receiving video clips having an associated audio/musical track for processing at the server system. The system comprises a beat tracking module for identifying beat time instants (ti) in the audio signal and a chord change estimation module for determining a chord change likelihood from chroma accent information in the audio signal at the beat time instants (ti). ... Nokia

01/28/16 / #20160027054

Method and apparatus for providing a collaborative reply over an ad-hoc mesh network

An approach is provided for providing a collaborative reply to a flooding message over an ad-hoc mesh network. A reply message to a flooding message is received by a wireless node within the ad-hoc network. ... Nokia

01/21/16 / #20160021594

Method and apparatus for handover of device-to-device communications

Methods and apparatuses for handover of device-to-device (d2d) communications have been disclosed. A method may comprise: receiving, from a first device of a d2d cluster, a first measurement report which indicates a handover of the first device is needed; and determining, according to a d2d handover condition, whether to initiate or postpone the handover based on the first measurement report. ... Nokia

01/21/16 / #20160021588

Method for traffic steering and network element

The present invention relates a method for traffic steering in a communication network comprising at least two technology layers. The method comprising utilizing one or more policies for traffic steering, selecting one or more users in a first technology layer according to the selected policies and preparing a movement of one or more selected users to a second technology layer. ... Nokia

01/21/16 / #20160021585

Avoiding secondary cell configuration for high speed user equipment

Avoiding secondary cell configuration for high speed user equipment the present invention provides methods, apparatuses and computer program product relating to avoiding scell configuration for high speed user equipment. The present invention includes determining, at a user equipment located in a coverage area of a first base station and a second base station, a mobility state of the user equipment, if it is determined that the user equipment is in a high mobility state, enabling configuring only a primary serving cell at the first base station.. ... Nokia

01/21/16 / #20160021477

Method and apparatus for facilitating spatial audio capture with multiple devices

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided in order to facilitate spatial audio capture by utilizing multiple audio recording devices. In the context of a method, spatial characteristics of sound recorded by a first device are determined. ... Nokia

01/21/16 / #20160021460

Sound transducer

An apparatus including a frame; a coil movably connected to the frame; and a magnet system connected to the frame. The magnet system includes at least one magnet and at least one pole piece connected to the at least one magnet. ... Nokia

01/21/16 / #20160021453

Apparatus for use in portable devices

An apparatus configured to acoustically process an acoustic signal for a transducer, and to provide a physical interface for a further apparatus within which the apparatus is located.. . ... Nokia

01/21/16 / #20160021444

Vibration damping structure for audio device

An apparatus comprises a movable section for sound generation; at least one actuator configured to actuate the movable section, the actuator being in communication with electronic circuitry and configured to generate an acoustic signal substantially from the movable section when the at least one actuator is driven by an audio signal; and a back cover coupled to the movable section and configured to limit the generation of sound from the back cover by attenuating vibrations that are caused when the movable section is actuated by the at least one actuator. The movable section and the at least one actuator define a panel speaker.. ... Nokia

01/21/16 / #20160020946

Software defined networking for edge nodes

A method includes decomposing functionalities of an node, such as an edge node, of a mobile core domain of a wireless communications system into a plurality of partitions comprised of at least one application part for executing at least signaling plane functions and that interfaces logically to other signaling entities, at least one control part for executing at least transport functions and at least one network element part for executing at least data forwarding functions. The method further includes virtualizing the at least one application part and configuring at least one network element to perform at least one data forwarding function under the direction of the at least one control part. ... Nokia

01/21/16 / #20160020860

Vswr estimation using spectral analysis to suppress external interference

A method includes determining a total forward power using a frequency domain version of a forward signal transmitted over a cable/connector system to one or more antennas. The method includes determining a total reflected power using a frequency domain version of a reflected signal including a reflected version of the forward signal. ... Nokia

01/21/16 / #20160020017

Microfluidics controlled tunable coil

In some example embodiments, there may be provided an apparatus. The apparatus may include a chamber including a first cavity and a second cavity, wherein the chamber further includes a first fluid suspended in a second fluid; a first electrode adjacent to the first cavity; a second electrode adjacent to the second cavity; a third electrode configured to provide a common electrode to the first electrode and the second electrode; and at least one coil adjacent to at least one of the first cavity or the second cavity, wherein an inductance value of the coil is varied by at least applying a driving signal between the common electrode and the first electrode and/or the second electrode. ... Nokia

01/21/16 / #20160019900

Method and apparatus for lattice vector quantization of an audio signal

An apparatus comprising: a vector generator configured to generate a first vector of parameters defining at least one audio signal; a vector extender configured to extend the first vector of parameters to a second vector, where the first vector is length n and the second vector is length n, where m is greater than n; a vector transformer configured to transform the second vector, a lattice quantizer configured to lattice quantize the transformed second vector; and a reverse transformer configured to reverse transform the lattice quantized transformed second vector, such that the first n components of a reverse transformed lattice quantized transformed second vector are a lattice quantization of the first vector.. . ... Nokia

01/21/16 / #20160019025

Method and apparatus for an interactive user interface

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided to facilitate user interaction with, such as modification of, respective audio objects. An example method may include causing a multimedia file to be presented that includes at least two images. ... Nokia

01/21/16 / #20160018939

Method, apparatus and computer program product for user input interpretation and input error mitigation

Provided herein are a method, apparatus and computer program product for interpreting user input and mitigating erroneous inputs on a device. In particular, methods may include receiving an indication of a first touch event, determining, by a touch mediation function, if the first touch event is an erroneous touch event, causing the first touch event to be sent to an application in response to the touch mediation function determining that the touch event is not erroneous; and causing the first touch event to not be sent to the application in response to the touch mediation function determining that the first touch event is erroneous. ... Nokia

01/21/16 / #20160018913

Apparatus and associated methods

An apparatus, the apparatus comprising at least one processor, and at least one memory including computer program code, the at least one memory and the computer program code configured, with the at least one processor, to cause the apparatus to perform at least the following: differentiate between two or more current possible inputs associated with a particular region of a user interface by dynamically assigning respective probabilities to two or more of the current possible inputs, wherein the dynamic assignment of the probabilities is based on at least one or more of: the time between the two or more current possible inputs and one or more previous inputs in the current view; the current view in which the two or more current possible inputs are received; the two or more current possible inputs being received at an edge region of a display showing the current view; and a specific displayed user interface element associated with the particular region, the particular region being an edge region of a display of the user interface.. . ... Nokia

01/21/16 / #20160018894

A touch display device with tactile feedback

An apparatus comprising: an image processor configured to determine at least one image parameter with respect to at least one image displayed on at least one display; a touch controller configured to determine at least one touch parameter with respect to the at least one display configured to display the at least one image; and a tactile effect generator configured to generate at least one tactile signal based on the at least one touch parameter and the at least one image parameter.. . ... Nokia

01/14/16 / #20160014809

Request-response procedue for wireless network

This document provides a solution where a requesting wireless apparatus indicates in a probe request message that the requesting wireless apparatus supports a collision avoidance mechanism that enables a responding wireless apparatus to reduce a number probe response messages by responding to a plurality of probe response messages with a single probe response message.. . ... Nokia

01/14/16 / #20160014807

Contention for channel access in wireless network

A method, apparatus, and computer program for configuring channel sensing parameters of an apparatus are disclosed in this document. The method comprises providing a mapping between reception sensitivity thresholds for determining whether a radio channel is busy or available for channel access and time values affecting a back-off time representing a time interval the apparatus refrains from channel access upon determining that the radio channel is busy, wherein a first time value is mapped to a first reception sensitivity threshold and a second time value is mapped to a second reception sensitivity threshold such that when the first reception sensitivity threshold provides a higher probability for the apparatus to determine that the channel is busy than the second reception sensitivity threshold, the first time value provides the apparatus with a lower back-off time than the second time value; and selecting a combination of a reception sensitivity threshold and a time value mapped to each other.. ... Nokia

01/14/16 / #20160014710

Unique connection identifier

Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for a connection identification scheme are provided. One method includes determining, for example by an information receiver, a unique connection identity for an off-band connection with an information provider. ... Nokia

01/14/16 / #20160014685

Improving communication efficiency

There is provided a method including detecting, by an apparatus, a first wireless access option; determining whether or not the first wireless access option shares at least part of a backbone with a second wireless access option; and deciding whether or not to associate with the first wireless access option at least partly on the basis of the determination.. . ... Nokia

01/14/16 / #20160014635

User plane congestion control

The present invention provides methods, apparatuses and computer program product relating to user plane congestion control. The present invention includes receiving, at a network entity, an indication that there is a congestion in at least one network element in a network, receiving, at the network entity, information indicating an internet protocol address of at least one user equipment located in the congested network, and preventing, by the network entity, a setup and/or continuation of at least one application of the at least one user equipment using the at least one network element in the network if it is determined that there is a congestion in the network.. ... Nokia

01/14/16 / #20160014620

Cooperative application and network insight operations in wireless networks

Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for cooperative application and network insight operations in wireless networks are provided. One method includes, during application content delivery to a user equipment (ue) associated with a network, monitoring and/or collecting instantaneous radio information from a network node and computing at least cell load and throughput for the network. ... Nokia

01/14/16 / #20160014569

Position-based context awareness for mobile terminal device

The present invention relates to location/position-based context awareness for devices and mobile terminal devices, respectively. In particularly, the present invention relates to an infrastructure entity performing the location/position-based context awareness for a portable terminal device. ... Nokia

01/14/16 / #20160014517

Control parameter dependent audio signal processing

An apparatus comprising at least one processor and at least one memory including computer program code the at least one memory and the computer program code configured to, with the at least one processor, cause the apparatus at least to perform processing at least one control parameter dependent on at least one sensor input parameter, processing at least one audio signal dependent on the processed at least one control parameter, and outputting the processed at least one audio signal.. . ... Nokia

01/14/16 / #20160014253

Method and apparatus for managing devices

In accordance with an example embodiment of the present invention, there is provided an apparatus, comprising a transceiver arranged to insertably interface with an integrated module, at least one processing core configured to enable the integrated module to be connected, via the apparatus, to a network, the transceiver being configured to receive from the integrated module information enabling the apparatus to become an endpoint of a connection to a network node, and the at least one processing core being configured to receive, using the connection, a computer program for operating the apparatus. In some embodiments, the integrated module comprises a universal integrated circuit card and a secure execution environment.. ... Nokia

01/14/16 / #20160014247

Audio device with a stiffening structure

An apparatus includes a first portion configured to carry one or more components of the apparatus and at least one wall extending between two or more sides of the first portion; an actuator located in the first portion adjacent to the at least one wall; and a movable section on the first portion and configured to be actuated by the actuator. At least the first portion and the movable section define a speaker.. ... Nokia

01/14/16 / #20160014214

Pulling information from information sources via refer requests

Methods, computer program products, information servers, information sources and a system are shown in the context of pulling information from information sources. At an information server, a refer request, which comprises an identifier of a refer-to entity to be referred to by a recipient of the refer request, is configured to trigger an information source to provide information upon reception of the refer request without referring to further information sources. ... Nokia

01/14/16 / #20160013543

Antenna apparatus and method of making same

A housing defines a face bounded by opposed longitudinal and opposed lateral sidewalls. At least one conductive portion of at least one longitudinal sidewall is electrically isolated from at least one conductive portion of at least one of the lateral sidewalls by at least one corner section that is non-conductive or electrically floating. ... Nokia

01/14/16 / #20160012857

Method, apparatus and computer program product for editing media content

In an example embodiment, a method, apparatus and computer program product are provided. The method includes facilitating receipt of a first media content comprising a first audio track and a first video track, and a second media content comprising a second audio track. ... Nokia

01/14/16 / #20160012376

Apparatus, method, and computer program product for determining calendar entries to advance user goals

Mechanisms are described for helping users manage their time and achieve predefined goals. One or more goals for a user may be received (e.g., from the user or some other source), and activities that the user performs over a period of time may be monitored, where the activities are informative regarding how the user is progressing towards the goal. ... Nokia

01/14/16 / #20160012293

Method and apparatus for identifying salient events by analyzing salient video segments identified by sensor information

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided to identify one or more salient events from an analysis of one or more images in an efficient and accurate manner. In this regard, the method, apparatus and computer program product may limit the visual analysis of the images to only a subset of the images that are determined to be potentially relevant based upon sensor information provided by one or more sensors carried by the image capturing device. ... Nokia

01/14/16 / #20160012132

Method and apparatus for querying resources thorough search field

An approach is provided for providing a querying of one or more resources based on one or more terms from an input within at least one search field. A querying platform determines an input in at least one search field, the input comprising at least one resource identifier and one or more terms. ... Nokia

01/07/16 / #20160007338

Resource allocation for direct terminal-to-terminal communication in a cellular system

There are provided measures for resource allocation for direct terminal-to-terminal communication in a cellular system, said measures exemplarily comprising configuration of common resources for supporting direct communication between terminals across a predefined registration area comprising one or more cells of a cellular system, and control of an allocation of common resources for enabling direct communication between terminals across the predefined registration area. Said measures may exemplarily be applied for establishing terminal-to-terminal communication in lte or lte-advanced cellular networks.. ... Nokia

01/07/16 / #20160007276

Wi-fi support awareness

There are provided measures for wi-fi support awareness. Such measures exemplarily include dynamically determining capability for a radio access technology while being connected to a communication network, and transmitting, via the connection to the communication network, a message comprising an information element indicative of the capability for the radio access technology.. ... Nokia

01/07/16 / #20160007235

Support of legacy network elements in small cell system

The present invention addresses apparatuses, methods and computer program product for enabling support of legacy user equipment and legacy network elements in small cell system for lte and beyond systems. Each small cell uses a unique pair of physical cell identifier and e-utran cell global identifier {pci, ecgi} in the small cell system. ... Nokia

01/07/16 / #20160007206

Interference coordination partnership establishment and termination

Coordination of interference handling may be beneficial in a variety of communication systems. In particular, enhanced inter-cell interference coordination may benefit from proper configuration and setup, as well as termination, of partnerships amongst base stations. ... Nokia

01/07/16 / #20160007199

Method and apparatus for controlling a device

In accordance with an example embodiment of the present invention, there is provided an apparatus, comprising a memory configured to store a time parameter defining a locking period, processing circuitry configured to determine, using the time parameter, whether the locking period has elapsed, the processing circuitry being further configured to, responsive to a determination that the locking period has elapsed, cause a locking feature to be disabled, wherein the locking feature is, when enabled, configured to restrict use of the apparatus to use with identity modules of a first type. The locking period may comprise an exclusivity period. ... Nokia

01/07/16 / #20160007181

Method, apparatus, and computer program product for device tracking

In an example embodiment, a method includes measuring, by an apparatus, signal strength of wireless device discovery messages received from a wireless communication device, the wireless discovery messages including a device address of the wireless communication device; storing, by the apparatus, the device address of the wireless communication device and the measured signal strength of the received wireless discovery messages; detecting, by apparatus, other wireless device discovery messages having a different device address; measuring, by apparatus, received signal strengths of the other wireless device discovery messages; and if no messages are received including the device address of the wireless communication device, comparing, by apparatus, the stored signal strength of the wireless discovery messages received from the wireless communication device with the measured received signal strength of the other wireless device discovery messages to determine whether a source of the other wireless device discovery messages is the wireless communication device.. . ... Nokia

01/07/16 / #20160007149

Service provision in a communication system

The present invention relates to a method and system for providing information about stations of a communication system, and more particularly information of stations that are located within a defined area. In an embodiment a search is triggered in a location information service for information concerning wireless stations within the defined area. ... Nokia

01/07/16 / #20160007136

Application recommendations

Disclosed is apparatus configured: to create an advertising message including a packet data unit [pdu] including information identifying an application that may be installed on the apparatus and an indication that the pdu may include an application recommendation; and to cause the advertising message to be broadcast. Another apparatus is configured: to receive an advertising message including a packet data unit [pdu] including information identifying an application that may be installed on another apparatus and an indication that the pdu may include an application recommendation; and to use the information identifying an application to provide an option to install the application.. ... Nokia

01/07/16 / #20160007131

Converting multi-microphone captured signals to shifted signals useful for binaural signal processing and use thereof

A method includes, estimating directional information based on multiple input channel signals representing at least one arriving sound from a sound source captured by respective multiple microphones that have respective known locations relative to each other, wherein said estimating comprises finding a time delay that removes a time difference between said first and second input channel signals; deriving a mid-signal and a side signal on a basis of a first input channel signal, a second input channel signal and said estimated directional information; and generating an output signal comprising a plurality of output channels using said mid-signal, said side signal and said estimated directional information such that the output signal retains a spatial representation of the captured at least one arriving sound. Apparatus and program products are also disclosed.. ... Nokia

01/07/16 / #20160006934

Sliding accessory lens mount with automatic mode adjustment

In accordance with an example embodiment of the present invention, an apparatus is provided with: an accessory lens mount configured to movably attach to a camera, the camera having an objective; a plurality of different optical elements attached to the accessory lens mount such that each of the different optical elements is movable to a co-operating position with the objective by the accessory lens mount to a corresponding position by a user; and an optical mode indicator configured to enable automatic optical mode adjustment of the camera to suit with the optics formed by the objective and the optical element that is moved to the co-operating position with the objective.. . ... Nokia

01/07/16 / #20160006773

Method and apparatus for sharing media upon request via social networks

An approach is provided for determining requests for media and responding in substantially real-time utilizing a single user interface. The social network client determines one or more requests from one or more requesting users to capture media related to at least one social networking status of one or more sharing users. ... Nokia

01/07/16 / #20160006737

Remote access to shared media

Remote media access is facilitated. According to an example embodiment, remote-user media access is facilitated using media provided by a subscriber media source, over a packet-based network. ... Nokia

01/07/16 / #20160006713

Method for enabling lawful interception by providing security information

A method and apparatus are provided. Information associated with a lawful interception of communication data of a user equipment is received. ... Nokia

01/07/16 / #20160006681

Method and arrangement for obtaining an electronic mail service

The a user interface (ui) residing in a mobile environment, which has a possibility of indicating after reading each message whether or not the message is divergent from the normal/general level as to the importance of the message. Advantageously, the user does not need to do the indication every time when reading the mail. ... Nokia

01/07/16 / #20160006586

Zero insertion for isi free ofdm reception

An apparatus (uea) may generate a zero-tail signal to be transmitted in an lte/lte-a cell, by introducing time domain samples with zero power or very low power in specific positions of a time symbol tail. The apparatus (uea) may transmit the generated zero-tail signal to a base station (enb), such that a first user terminal (uea) is located in the cell farther away (e.g. ... Nokia

01/07/16 / #20160006571

Adapting pcc rules to user experience

A method for policy management in a network comprises collecting data relating to one or more active user equipment in the network, processing said data, and responsive to said processing determining if policy management provided by a policy function of the network with respect to a respective user equipment is to be changed.. . ... Nokia

01/07/16 / #20160006494

Multiple transmitter codebook methods and devices

Various communication systems may benefit from codebook methods and devices for multiple transmitters. For example, a codebook for four transmitters (4tx) may provide further enhancement for downlink multiple-input multiple-output (dl-mimo) systems. ... Nokia

01/07/16 / #20160005387

Audio signal analysis

A server system 500 is provided for receiving video clips having an associated audio/musical track for processing at the server system. The system comprises a first beat tracking module for generating a first beat time sequence from the audio signal using an estimation of the signal's tempo and chroma accent information. ... Nokia

01/07/16 / #20160004311

Control apparatus for a tactile audio display

An apparatus comprising: an input configured to receive at feast one signal comprising a haptic signal part and an audio signal part; a stream processor configured to separate the at least one signal to generate at least one haptic signal and at least one audio signal; a router configured to route the at least one haptic signal as a first output signal to a first output and the at least one audio signal as a second output signal to a second output; and an output configured to output the processed first output signal such that it generates a haptic effect and the processed second output signal generates an acoustic effect.. . ... Nokia

01/07/16 / #20160004000

Cover, portable electronic device using the same and method for manufacturing the same

A cover, a portable electronic device using the same and a method for manufacturing the same are provided. The cover comprises a transparent layer one surface of which is a textured surface. ... Nokia








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