Real Time Touch



new TOP 200 Companies filing patents this week

new Companies with the Most Patent Filings (2010+)




Real Time Touch

Nokia patents (2017 archive)


Recent patent applications related to Nokia. Nokia is listed as an Agent/Assignee. Note: Nokia may have other listings under different names/spellings. We're not affiliated with Nokia, we're just tracking patents.

ARCHIVE: New 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 | Company Directory "N" | Nokia-related inventors


Switching of flow separation for new radio in dual connectivity

. . Methods and apparatus, including computer program products, are provided for switching flow separation in dual connectivity. In some example embodiments, there may be provided a method that includes suspending, at the user equipment, at least one bearer and corresponding quality of service filter, when an access node is added as a secondary base station providing dual connectivity to the user equipment; switching, by the user equipment and in response to the added secondary base station, one or more packets to at least a secondary bearer at the added secondary base station; and reverting, by the user equipment, to the suspended at least one bearer and corresponding quality of service filter, when the added secondary base station is released as a connection at the user equipment. ... Nokia

Controlled synchronization group selection

Methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for synchronization in a network are provided. One method includes configuring a first node for joining a first synchronization group with a second node on a lowest stratum, receiving at least one synchronization signal comprising information on at least an identity of the second node, and synchronizing the first node to the first synchronization group based on the synchronization signal.. ... Nokia

Mobility control in dual connectivity operation mode

An apparatus comprising at least one processing circuitry, and at least one memory for storing instructions to be executed by the processing circuitry, wherein the at least one memory and the instructions are configured to, with the at least one processing circuitry, cause the apparatus at least: to determine whether a bearer to be set up and used for a communication connection of a communication element is a bearer eligible for selected traffic offloading to a local gateway of a cell group when the local gateway is available, and in case the determination is affirmative, to provide an indication in a signaling to a communication network control element of the communication element, the indication indicates that the bearer to be set up is a bearer eligible for selected traffic off-loading as soon as a local gateway is available.. . ... Nokia

Intra site interference mitigation

In some example embodiments there is provided a method. The method may include receiving an allocation of an antenna sector and a frequency band, wherein the allocation is selected from a plurality of sectors, wherein adjacent sectors in the plurality of sectors operate at different frequencies and intersect at a midpoint to enable a reduction in interference among the adjacent sectors; and receiving and/or transmitting, in response to the received allocation, on the allocated antenna sector and frequency band. ... Nokia

Position calculation using bluetooth low energy

A method comprises a first device: receiving at least one bluetooth low energy message transmitted from each of at least three second devices, each bluetooth low energy message including data indicating a position of the respective second device (s2); measuring a radio parameter for each of the received bluetooth low energy messages (s3); using the radio parameters and the data included in the messages to calculate the position of the first device (s4); and transmitting a bluetooth low energy message including data indicating the position of the first device (s5). A further method comprises a third device: receiving at least one bluetooth low energy message transmitted from each of at least three devices, each bluetooth low energy message including data indicating a position of the respective device; measuring a radio parameter for each of the received bluetooth low energy messages; using the radio parameters and the data included in the messages to calculate the position of the third device; receiving at least one bluetooth low energy message transmitted by a first device and including data indicating a position of the first device; and causing display of the position of the first device relative to the third device.. ... Nokia

Stereo imaging

A technique for digital stereo imaging is provided. According to an example embodiment, the technique comprises facilitating stereo image capturing means for capturing image data, said stereo image capturing means comprising a first imaging subsystem that comprises a first image sensor arranged to receive light via a first lens and a second imaging subsystem that comprises a second image sensor arranged to receive light via a second lens, wherein said first and second imaging subsystems are arranged such that the optical axes of said first and second lenses are in parallel to each other; reading pixel values from respective light-sensitive areas of said first and second image sensors, comprising reading pixel values for a first image from a first readout area on the first image sensor, reading pixel values for a second image from a second readout area on the second image sensor, and reading pixel values for support data from at least one portion of the light-sensitive area adjacent to the respective readout area on at least one of the first and second image sensors; and deriving disparity information pertaining to said first and second images on basis of said pixel values read for the first image, for the second image and for said support data.. ... Nokia

Improving focus in image and video capture using depth maps

In an example embodiment, method, apparatus and computer program product for improving image and video captures using depth maps of viewfinder depth map, are provided. The method includes facilitating receipt of a viewfinder depth map of a scene, the viewfinder depth map comprising depth information of a plurality of objects in the scene. ... Nokia

Software-defined networking controller

A fault tolerant software-defined networking controller is provided by using in an alert mode a secondary soft-ware-defined networking controller.. . ... Nokia

Traffic flow monitoring

A method is provided comprising monitoring, in a network node, a user plane traffic flow transmitted in a network, to perform measurements on selected data packets. Based on the monitoring, the network node collects in a correlated way, one or more of user measurement data, application measurement data, quality of experience measurement data, network side quality of service measurement data and a set of key performance indicators. ... Nokia

Use of frequency offset information for wireless networks

A technique includes receiving, by a user device from a base station in a wireless network, a frequency offset information (foi), adjusting, by the user device, an uplink transmit frequency based on the frequency offset information, and transmitting, by the user device, at least one of data and control information to the base station based on the adjusted uplink transmit frequency.. . ... Nokia

System information block enhancement for low complexity user equipment and/or user equipment in coverage enhancement mode

Various communication systems may benefit from efficient communication of system information. For example, certain wireless communication systems may benefit from system information block enhancement for low complexity user equipment and/or user equipment in coverage enhancement mode. ... Nokia

Aperiodic channel state information (csi) reporting for enhanced carrier aggregation

Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for aperiodic channel state information (csi) reporting for enhanced carrier aggregation are provided. One method includes transmitting, by a network node, a configuration of at least two aperiodic channel state information (a-csi) reporting modes per one or more configured downlink (dl) component carriers (cc) to at least one user equipment. ... Nokia

Connection failure detection in wireless network based on coordinated multi-cell communication technique

An example technique is provided that includes establishing a multi-cell communication session for a user device, the multi-cell communication session including a plurality of wireless connections that include a wireless connection between the user device and each of a plurality of cells in a same frequency layer, wherein the plurality of cells are used to transmit data to or receive data from the user device using a coordinated multi-cell communication technique, and performing, by the user device, communication session failure detection for the multi-cell communication session taking into account signal gains provided by the coordinated multi-cell communication technique.. . ... Nokia

A transducing apparatus and method for providing such apparatus

An apparatus and method, the apparatus including a charge carrier wherein the charge carrier includes a continuous three dimensional framework including a plurality of cavities throughout the framework; sensor material provided throughout the charge carrier; wherein the sensor material is configured to transduce a detected input and change conductivity of the charge carrier in dependence of the detected input.. . ... Nokia

12/28/17 / #20170372600

Method, apparatus, and computer program product for local control through intermediate device

An example embodiment includes an apparatus receiving a message from a proximate device via a short-range communication connection, including id information associated with the device; compiling a request message including the id and information identifying the apparatus; transmitting the request message to a remote server for accessing control to the device; receiving information associated with a user interface or control interface for interacting with the device based on remote server access control, the received interface being based on the information included in the transmitted request message; compiling an interface for enabling a user of said apparatus to interact with the device based on the received information, the compiled interface including access rights for interacting with the device via remote server access control, depending on the information included in the transmitted request message; and interacting with the device via the remote server access control using the compiled interface.. . ... Nokia

12/28/17 / #20170372054

Method and apparatus for configuring services based on touch selection

An approach is provided for configuring one or more mobile devices to one or more services associated with at least one structure based on various contexts, access criteria, and/or security levels. The access platform determines proximity information of one or more devices with respect to at least a first access point, a second access point, or a combination thereof associated with at least one structure. ... Nokia

12/28/17 / #20170371518

Virtual reality content control

Apparatuses, methods and computer programs are provided. A method comprises: determining at least one region of interest in visual virtual reality content; monitoring whether at least a defined proportion of a viewer's field of view coincides with the determined at least one region of interest in the visual virtual reality content; and controlling advancement of the visual virtual reality content based on whether the at least a defined proportion of the viewer's field of view coincides with the determined at least one region of interest in the visual virtual reality content.. ... Nokia

12/28/17 / #20170371183

Control of a periodic light source illuminating a room shared by two users wearing shutter glasses synchronized with the light source

A method including receiving information indicative of a first light preference profile, receiving information indicative of a second light preference profile, determining that the first light preference profile differs from the second light preference profile, determining a first light control setting based on the first light preference profile, determining a second light control setting based on the second light preference profile, determining a periodic light source actuation directive, causing sending of the periodic light source actuation directive to the light source, determining a first shutter control directive for the first near eye apparatus, causing sending of the first shutter control directive to the first near eye apparatus, determining a second shutter control directive for the second near eye apparatus, and causing sending of the second shutter control directive to the second near eye apparatus is disclosed.. . ... Nokia

12/28/17 / #20170368889

Method for providing a vehicle tyre with studs, and a studded tyre for a vehicle

A method for installing a stud in a tyre. The method includes identifying a stud hole for the stud in the tyre; imaging the vicinity of at least the stud hole, whereby information is received about the pattern in the vicinity of the stud hole, and using the received information to determine [i] the stud type suitable for the stud suitable in the stud hole and/or [ii] the suitable stud orientation of the stud suitable in the stud hole. ... Nokia

12/21/17 / #20170367131

Link model for multi-prefix packet system bearer

A second internet protocol network is logically connected to a packet data network connection provided between a user equipment and a first internet protocol network over a radio access network, the second internet protocol network located on a data path from the first internet protocol network to the user equipment. The first internet protocol network represents the highest level internet protocol point of attachment to the packet data network connection. ... Nokia

12/21/17 / #20170367115

Secondary scheduling request

The present invention addresses method, apparatus and computer program product for handling of secondary scheduling request in carrier aggregation. Thereby, a message comprising a request of radio resources for uplink transmission from the user equipment to a base station is composed, it is determined whether the user equipment is in a carrier aggregation mode in which two or more carriers are aggregated forming one primary cell and at least one secondary cell, the primary cell and at least one secondary cell supporting physical uplink control channel, the message is assigned to a physical uplink control channel, wherein assigning is permitted to the physical uplink control channel of the primary cell and a physical uplink control channel of any of the at least one secondary cell, and transmission of the message is caused using the assigned physical uplink control channel.. ... Nokia

12/21/17 / #20170367071

Incoming call

A user apparatus in an idle mode and prioritizing a radio resource (401) of a cell is configured to, in response to a paging message received over the cell (402) and a subsequent connection request rejection (404) received over the cell to determine whether or not to cease to prioritize (407) the radio resource.. . ... Nokia

12/21/17 / #20170367035

Cellular and wlan aggregation

In some example embodiments there is provided a method. The method may include determining, by a user equipment, whether at least one wireless local area network access point allows aggregation with cellular; and selecting, by the user equipment based on the determination, to couple to the at least one wireless local area network access point to enable the aggregation with cellular. ... Nokia

12/21/17 / #20170367028

Method and apparatus for self organizing networks

A method for running a self organizing network (son) module in a communication network provides an open application programming interface (api) for a son framework and executes the son module. The son module accesses the functionality of the son framework using the api. ... Nokia

12/21/17 / #20170367024

Update of a mobility parameter in a system configured for dual connectivity

A method including storing, at a first node, at least one parameter associated with handover of one or more user equipment from said first node to at least one further node; causing to be sent, from said first node, a request for change of said parameter; and updating said parameter at said first node; wherein said first node is configured for dual connectivity with one or more user equipment and a second node.. . ... Nokia

12/21/17 / #20170367001

Multi subscription network prioritization

Various communication systems may benefit from appropriate prioritization of users and/or devices. For example, wireless communication systems may benefit from multi-subscription network prioritization, such as systems for prioritizing subscribers with multiple subscriptions that are using fewer devices than they have subscriptions. ... Nokia

12/21/17 / #20170366985

Measuring neighboring cells by user equipment served by master radio access node and secondary radio access node

There is provided updating neighboring cell information for a secondary radio access node controlled by a master radio access node. Neighboring cells are measured by user equipment served by the master radio access node and the secondary access node controlled by the master radio access node. ... Nokia

12/21/17 / #20170364159

Monitoring

A method including recognizing at least one gesture to define at least one computer-implemented virtual boundary in a monitoring space, wherein the gesture includes a motion along a path and at a location in a monitored scene space wherein there is a correspondence between the monitoring space and the monitored scene space; causing implementation of the at least one virtual boundary in the monitoring space corresponding to the scene space, wherein at least part of the virtual boundary is determined by the path in the monitored scene space and the at least part of the virtual boundary is located in the monitoring space at a corresponding location equivalent to the path location; and processing received data to generate a response event when there is, relative to the at least one virtual boundary, a change in a portion of the monitored scene space.. . ... Nokia

12/21/17 / #20170363436

Causation of display of supplemental map information

A method comprising causing display of a portion of map information on a display, receiving information indicative of a first display input at a first display input position that corresponds with a first map position along a traversable path that is indicated by the displayed portion of the map information, causing display of first supplemental map information that comprises at least one element associated with the first map position that is absent from the map information, receiving information indicative of a first non-display input at a first non-display input position, determining a second map position along the traversable path based on the first non-display input position, the second map position failing to correspond with the displayed portion of the map information, and causing display of second supplemental map information that comprises at least one element associated with the second map position that is absent from the map information is disclosed.. . ... Nokia

12/21/17 / #20170360334

Device and method for determining a state of consciousness

An arrangement and device for determining a state of consciousness of a patient includes an accelerometer or other feedback detection device for detecting movements or other responses of the patient. In addition the arrangement and device includes visual, auditory and physical stimulus generators, and are configured to emit of a visual, auditory and/or physical stimulus for a given time period. ... Nokia

12/14/17 / #20170359854

Data forwarding support in dual connectivity

Data forwarding may be useful in many communication systems. Thus, for example, data forwarding support may be useful in dual connectivity in, for example, the third generation partnership project (3gpp) and more particularly to dual connectivity with enabled downlink (dl) data back forwarding. ... Nokia

12/14/17 / #20170359747

Methods and apparatuses for enhancing the setup of carrier aggregation, dual connectivity, multi connectivity, license assisted access, or lte-wlan in communications networks

Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for enhancing the setup of carrier aggregation (or dual connectivity or multi connectivity or stand-alone lte/lte-like on unlicensed band or laa or lte-wlan aggregation) from idle mode (or semi-idle or semi-connected or suspended state) are provided. One method includes providing an indication, to at least one ue, of (or configuring the ue with) potential inter-frequency carriers that the ue should measure during idle mode (or during semi-idle or semi-connected or suspended state) for potential scells. ... Nokia

12/14/17 / #20170359743

Analyzing and classifying signaling sets or calls

An apparatus comprising at least one processing circuitry, and at least one memory for storing instructions to be executed by the processing circuitry, wherein the at least one memory and the instructions are configured to, with the at least one processing circuitry, cause the apparatus at least: to analyze a plurality of separate signaling sets with regard to similarities and dissimilarities between at least two of the plurality of the signaling sets for classifying each signaling set into at least one class of signaling sets in accordance with a result of the analysis, wherein the analyzing comprises transforming trace data representing a respective one of the plurality of signaling sets for generating a signaling set sequence according to a sequence model by filtering predetermined information from the trace data, evaluating a distance of signaling sets by using respective signaling set sequences, wherein the distance is indicated by a distance metric, and assigning the respective signaling set to a signaling set class on the basis of the distance metric.. . ... Nokia

12/14/17 / #20170359729

Downlink only and uplink/downlink operations on adjacent channels or same frequency bands

A method including scanning by a user equipment (ue) at least one carrier frequency in a neighboring cell; determining, based upon the scanning, whether the cell is a downlink only cell or a downlink/uplink cell for the at least one carrier frequency; and based upon the determination, performing at least one of: sending a report from the ue, or starting or continuing downlink only operation on the at least one carrier frequency, or not allowing the ue to accept or start a downlink only configuration in the at least one carrier frequency.. . ... Nokia

12/14/17 / #20170359671

Positioning arrangement

The innovation relates to a method and a system for positioning objects, the method comprising detecting, by a central unit, signals from a plurality of receiver/transmitter units at least partly surrounding an area around the central unit; detecting, by the central unit, an absence of at least one signal from at least one of the plurality of receiver/transmitter units at least partly surrounding an area around the central unit; and determining a position of at least one object between the central unit and the at least one of the plurality of receiver/transmitter units based on the detected absence of the at least one signal.. . ... Nokia

12/14/17 / #20170359669

Apparatus and method for reproducing recorded audio with correct spatial directionality

An apparatus comprising: an input configured to receive from at least one co-operating apparatus at least one audio signal; an audio signal analyser configured to analyse the at least one audio signal to determine at least one audio component position relative to the at least one co-operating apparatus recording position; and a processor configured to determine an position value based on the at least one cooperating recording position and the apparatus position, and further configured to apply the position value to the at least one audio component position, such that the at least one audio component position is substantially aligned with the apparatus position.. . ... Nokia

12/14/17 / #20170359593

Apparatus, method and computer program for obtaining images from an image capturing device

An apparatus, method and computer program wherein the apparatus comprises: processing circuitry; and memory circuitry including computer program code, the memory circuitry and the computer program code configured to, with the processing circuitry, enable the apparatus to; obtain images from an image capturing device; obtain measurements of movements of the image capturing device made while the images were captured; and use the obtained measurements of movements to calculate a sickness rating.. . ... Nokia

12/14/17 / #20170359154

Packet number representation for multicast channel block error rate reporting

Various communication systems may benefit from appropriate representations of communication parameters and information. For example, certain wireless communication systems may benefit from packet number representation for multicast channel block error rate reporting. ... Nokia

12/14/17 / #20170359088

Reducing timing uncertainty

Solution for reducing timing uncertainty is provided. The solution means for receiving data in a first clock domain; means for selecting in the first clock domain a data unit to be a frame starting point and transmitting the information on the selection to a frame counter in a second clock domain; means for performing to the data in a coding/decoding unit coding or decoding, the coding/decoding unit several clock domains; means for obtaining at the output of the coding/decoding unit the position of the selected frame starting point; and means for determining timing of the correct frame starting point of the coded/decoded data utilising the obtained position of the selected frame starting point and the information in the frame counter.. ... Nokia

12/14/17 / #20170358859

Method, system and devices for forming a radio link

The invention relates to a method, devices and systems, where a first radio connection is formed from a user device to a communication network, and information of a location of the user device is provided to a server system connected to the communication network over the first radio connection. Then, link setup information is formed at the server system and provided from said server system over the first radio connection. ... Nokia

12/14/17 / #20170357873

Method for determining the position of a portable device

An augmented reality method for displaying information comprises: capturing a sequence of image frames by a camera of a portable device, obtaining movement data by using an inertial sensor of the portable device, determining a sampling frame rate according to the movement data, selecting a tracking image from the captured image frames according to the sampling frame rate, determining a position of the portable device by comparing the tracking image with a point cloud, and displaying information on a display of the device based on the determined position.. . ... Nokia

12/14/17 / #20170356795

Detector structure for electromagnetic radiation sensing

An apparatus with at least two electromagnetic radiation sensor cells that include graphene as an electromagnetic radiation absorbing material and electrical connections between the at least two sensor cells. The electrical connections are at least partially made of graphene.. ... Nokia

12/14/17 / #20170354335

Apparatus for biometric measurement

An apparatus comprising at least one light source, at least one photodetector, a first layer of optical material configured to embed the at least one light source, and a second layer of optical material configured to embed the at least one photodetector. The first and second layer of optical material are configured to guide light from the at least one light source and to prevent the light from the at least one light source directly reaching the at least on photodetector, and the second layer of optical material is configured to guide light towards the at least one photodetector.. ... Nokia

12/07/17 / #20170353945

Transmission of excess data of a multicast service on another radio communication resource

A method of transmission of excess data associated with a multicast service is scheduled on another radio communication resource. The multicast service may be mbms or push-to-talk. ... Nokia

12/07/17 / #20170353930

Controlling transmission

An apparatus and a method is disclosed. The solution includes determining a first parameter related to the transmission power available at a user terminal and determining at least one second parameter related to the quality of a connection of the user terminal. ... Nokia

12/07/17 / #20170353888

Network load balancer

In examples, a mobile network apparatus, a computer program and a method is discussed, including at least one processor, and at least one memory storing program instructions that, when executed by the at least one processor, cause to: receive a create request for requesting data connectivity. Based on the create request, perform a static load balancing. ... Nokia

12/07/17 / #20170353870

Antenna beams in a wireless system

Methods and apparatus for wireless communications via antenna beams are disclosed. Information identifying at least one antenna beam used by an access point for communication with a device is sent to at least one other access point. ... Nokia

12/07/17 / #20170353822

Method, apparatus, and computer program product for management of connected devices, such as in a wireless docking environment- intelligent and automatic connection activation

Method, apparatus, and computer program product embodiments enable a wireless docking center device to manage one or more wireless and/or wired peripheral devices on behalf of a wireless dockee device. In an example embodiment, a wireless docking system may automatically provide only those peripherals to user's attention, which are in direct relation to user's activity and are meaningful to the user at each point in time. ... Nokia

12/07/17 / #20170353430

Trusted routing between communication network systems

An apparatus of a communication network system, which routes data packets and stores trusted routes between different communication network systems in a database, detects (s12) that a data packet requires a route with a specific level of trust, determines (s13), from the trusted routes stored in the database, a specific trusted route towards a destination as indicated in the data packet, and sets (s15) the data packet on the specific trusted route towards the destination.. . ... Nokia

12/07/17 / #20170352273

Point-to-point personal communications in the context of vehicles

Methods and apparatus, including computer program products, are provided for point-to-point communications. In one aspect there is provided a method. ... Nokia

12/07/17 / #20170352193

Augmented reality

In accordance with an example aspect, there is provided an apparatus comprising at least one processing core and at least one memory including computer program code, the at least one memory and the computer program code being configured to, with the at least one processing core, cause the apparatus at least to obtain a movement context of a user, rank, based at least in part on the movement contest, at least two objects based on their visibility to the user, and determine, based at least in part on the ranking, at least one of the at least two objects as a placement object for an augmented reality information element.. . ... Nokia

12/07/17 / #20170352173

Image processing method and device

The invention relates to an imaging processing method comprising receiving (210) at least one input image, said at least one input image having been captured by at least one camera; receiving (220) at least one state parameter related to a user device, said user device comprising at least one display, said at least one display being at least partially transparent and operatively connected to said at least one camera. The at least one input image may be processed (230) based on the at least one received state parameter to produce at least one processed image. ... Nokia

12/07/17 / #20170352136

Method, apparatus and computer program product for motion deblurring of images

In an example embodiment a method, apparatus and computer program product are provided. The method includes determining presence of at least one moving object in a scene based on two or more burst images corresponding to the scene captured by a first camera. ... Nokia

12/07/17 / #20170351936

Object detection with neural network

According to an example aspect of the present invention, there is provided an apparatus comprising at least one processing core and at least one memory including computer program code, the at least one memory and the computer program code being configured to, with the at least one processing core, cause the apparatus at least to nm a convolutional neural network comprising an input layer arranged to provide signals to a first convolutional layer and a last convolutional layer, run a first intermediate classifier, the first intermediate classifier operating on a set of feature maps of the first convolutional layer, and decide to abort or to continue processing of a signal set based on a decision of the first intermediate classifier.. . ... Nokia

12/07/17 / #20170351932

Method, apparatus and computer program product for blur estimation

In an example embodiment a method, apparatus and computer program product are provided. The method includes facilitating simultaneous capture of a first image by a first camera and a second image by a second camera associated with a device. ... Nokia

12/07/17 / #20170351672

Systems and methods for spatial thumbnails and companion maps for media objects

Under one aspect, a computer-implemented method of displaying information about a media object, the media object being associated with location-related content corresponding to a location, includes receiving a request to display a representation of the media object; in response to the request, obtaining a summary of the media object; in response to the request, obtaining a spatial thumbnail of the media object, the spatial thumbnail comprising an image of a spatial domain encompassing the location; and simultaneously displaying both the summary of the media object and the spatial thumbnail on a visual display.. . ... Nokia

12/07/17 / #20170350822

An apparatus and method for sensing a parameter

An apparatus and method comprising: a plurality of sensor elements wherein the sensor elements are configured to be actuated in response to exposure to a parameter and the apparatus is configured to record when each of the sensor elements are actuated wherein: the plurality of sensor elements comprises at least a first subset of sensor elements and at least a second subset of sensor elements where the first subset of sensor elements are actuated in response to a first level of exposure to a parameter and the second subset of sensor elements are actuated in response to a second level of exposure to a parameter.. . ... Nokia

11/30/17 / #20170347117

Method for coding and an apparatus

The invention relates to a method for encoding, a method for decoding, an apparatus, computer program products, an encoder and a decoder for video information. The motion vector for a block in a video image is predicted from a set of motion vector prediction candidates determined based on previously-coded motion vectors. ... Nokia

11/30/17 / #20170347026

Method and an apparatus and a computer program for encoding media content

A method, apparatus and computer readable medium are provided for facilitating encoding of media content. In the context of a method, information is included in a manifest of available media content. ... Nokia

11/30/17 / #20170346705

Measurement coordination in communications

A method comprises analysing (110), in a network node, data flows related to a terminal device of a communication system, in order to detect data flows having at least one predefined characteristic. The network node selects (111) the data flows having the at least one predefined characteristic, as significant data flows on which customer experience ce measurements are to be performed.. ... Nokia

11/30/17 / #20170346676

Alarm correlation in network function virtualization environment

Correlation of information related to network operations may be useful in many communication systems. For example, certain wireless communication networks may benefit from alarm correlation in network function virtualization environments. ... Nokia

11/30/17 / #20170346675

Distributed trace of network procedures for network elements in cloud deployment

The present invention provides apparatuses, methods, computer programs, computer program products and computer-readable media regarding a distributed trace of network procedures for network elements in cloud deployment. The present invention comprises collecting, at a collecting entity, trace information elements for a plurality of network procedures from a plurality of network elements in a network, the trace information element including a trace sequence identifier and an index, the trace sequence identifier identifying a specific network procedure and the index identifying a particular event within the network procedure, in subsequent order for each network procedure based on the trace sequence identifier and the index, and restoring a flow of a network procedure based on the collected and arranged trace information elements for the network procedure.. ... Nokia

11/30/17 / #20170346673

Identifying wireless service

This document discloses a solution where a frame transferred in a wireless network comprises a group address, and wherein the group address comprises a service identifier identifying a service provided in the wireless network. Apparatuses of the wireless network may employ the group address to identify the service.. ... Nokia

11/30/17 / #20170346625

Method and apparatus for duplicated data management in cloud computing

An approach is provided for managing data duplication in cloud computing. A method comprising, sending from a first device to a data center, data encrypted with a data encryption key for storing the encrypted data at the data center; encrypting the data encryption key according to an attribute-based encryption (abe) scheme by using identity as an attribute in a deduplication policy for the data; issuing to a second device, a personalized secret attribute key which is derived from a public key of the second device according to the attribute-based encryption (abe) scheme, wherein the personalized secret attribute key is to be used for decrypting the encrypted data encryption key at the second device, in combination with the policy.. ... Nokia

11/30/17 / #20170346603

Improving communication efficiency

There is provided a method comprising: receiving, by a first network node, data packets transmitted by a second network node; if at least one data packet of the data packets is noticed not being available to the first network node, sending an indication to the second network node that the at least one data packet of the data packets is not available to the first network node, and repeating sending the indication until a confirmation message is received, wherein the confirmation message comprises confirmation that the indication is received by the second network node.. . ... Nokia

11/30/17 / #20170346182

Antenna elements and apparatus suitable for aas calibration by selective couplerline and trx rf subgroups

An antenna arrangement includes an antenna element and a corresponding feeder line configured to feed a signal to and from the antenna element, and includes a portion of a couplerline spaced apart from but proximate to the antenna element, the feeder line, and a selectivity element. The portion of the couplerline is configured to receive via inductive coupling the signal from one or both of the feeder line and the antenna element, and to transmit a signal via inductive coupling to the feeder line and/or the antenna element. ... Nokia

11/30/17 / #20170345898

Graphene double-barrier resonant tunneling device

An apparatus comprising: a fermion source nanolayer (90); a first insulating nanolayer (92); a fermion transport nanolayer (94); a second insulating nanolayer (96); a fermion sink nanolayer (98); a first contact for applying a first voltage to the fermion source nanolayer; a second contact for applying a second voltage to the fermion sink nanolayer; and a transport contact for enabling an electric current via the fermion transport nanolayer. In a particular example, the apparatus comprises three graphene sheets (90, 94, 98) interleaved with two-dimensional boron-nitride (hbn) layers (92, 96).. ... Nokia

11/30/17 / #20170345238

Method and apparatus for proxying access commands to smart object(s) in response to an emergency condition

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided in order to assist with the provision of timely emergency services. In the context of a method, an indication of an emergency condition is received and, following receipt of the indication of the emergency condition, a request is then received for temporary access to and control of the one or more smart objects. ... Nokia

11/30/17 / #20170345153

Method, an apparatus and a computer program product for video object segmentation

The invention relates to a method and an apparatus implementing the method. The method comprises extracting region proposals from a media content; selecting a set of region proposals corresponding to an object in the media content; identifying objects of interest; determining an object-specific representation by an iterative tracking method; sampling positive examples from the set of tracked region proposal groups obtained from the iterative tracking method; and performing object segmentation.. ... Nokia

11/30/17 / #20170344116

Haptic output methods and devices

The invention relates to a method, apparatus and system for producing haptic output. Data of a plurality of objects of a model are received. ... Nokia

11/23/17 / #20170339730

Proximity services device-to-device communication services control

The present invention addresses method, apparatus and computer program product for setting up a proximity services device-to-device communication service. Thereby, by a transmitting user equipment, a message including application control information is compiled, a scheduling assignment for scheduling the message transmission is transmitted to a device to be set up, and the message is transmitted to the device according to the scheduling assignment. ... Nokia

11/23/17 / #20170339693

Hidden node detection in lte licensed assisted access

The application relates to improved hidden node detection for long term evolution lte licensed-assisted access laa. Channel state information csi measurements can be seen as one existing solution that could be used for obtaining information about the existence of a hidden node. ... Nokia

11/23/17 / #20170339626

Method, apparatus and system

There is provided a method comprising controlling receiving, at a user equipment, access information from a first network, said access information associated with a second network, the first and second network using different radio access technologies and using said access information in communication with the second network.. . ... Nokia

11/23/17 / #20170339589

Network-controlled terminal data call performance testing

There are provided measures for enabling/realizing network-controlled terminal data call performance testing, e.g. Controlling terminal data call performance testing using network-related control signaling. ... Nokia

11/23/17 / #20170339555

Capability signaling for dual connectivity

Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for user equipment (ue) capability signaling for dual connectivity (dc) are provided. One method may include transmitting to at least one ue, by a network node, a message comprising a flag indicating that the apparatus supports dual connectivity and/or wants to receive ue capability indications of dc support. ... Nokia

11/23/17 / #20170339547

Terminal discovery at a gateway node

In some example embodiments, there is provided a method. The method may include determining whether a communication terminal is within range of a wireless gateway to enable connection establishment between the wireless gateway and the communication terminal; and establishing at least one connection between the wireless gateway and the communication terminal, when the communication terminal is determined to be within range. ... Nokia

11/23/17 / #20170339364

A semiconductor chip, a method, an apparatus and a computer program product for image capturing

The invention relates to a structure of a semiconductor chip (100) comprising photosensitive elements (104) for image capturing. The semiconductor chip (100) comprises a set of photosensitive elements (104) for forming electric signals on the basis of electromagnetic radiation received by the photosensitive elements (104); and other electronic circuitry. ... Nokia

11/23/17 / #20170338937

Encryption management in carrier aggregation

According to an example aspect of the present invention, there is provided an apparatus comprising a memory configured to store information and at least one processing core configured to cause the information to be transmitted toward a user equipment in a downlink direction, partly via a cellular carrier and partly via a non-cellular carrier, the cellular and non-cellular carriers being together in a carrier aggregation, determine a handover of the cellular carrier is likely, wherein the handover does not change an access point providing the non-cellular carrier, and responsive to the determination, disable a ciphering of the part of the information conveyed toward the user equipment via the non-cellular carrier.. . ... Nokia

11/23/17 / #20170338923

Methods and apparatuses for reference signal adaptation based on incoming user mobility information

Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for reference signal adaptation based on incoming user mobility information are provided. One method includes receiving, by a target base station, a request to begin transmitting reference signals for mobility measurements. ... Nokia

11/23/17 / #20170338880

Control of transmission mode selection

An apparatus including at least one processing circuitry, and at least one memory for storing instructions to be executed by the processing circuitry, wherein the at least one memory and the instructions are configured to, with the at least one processing circuitry, cause the apparatus at least: to obtain, over a series of times, information related to at least one of spatial properties and frequency properties of a channel used in a directional communication between a communication network control element or function and a communication element, to quantify the information related to at least one of spatial properties and frequency properties into a metric, to track whether the metric is smaller than a first threshold or greater than a second threshold during a predetermined period of time, and to decide to use a first transmission mode or a second transmission mode on the basis of a result of the tracking.. . ... Nokia

11/23/17 / #20170337720

Virtual reality display

A method comprises providing video data representing at least part of virtual space to a user for viewing, identifying a current viewed sector of the virtual space based on user position, determining a sub-portion of said viewing sector, identifying an event occurring in a non-viewed sector of the virtual space, and displaying content indicative of the event in the sub-portion of said current viewing sector. The displaying step may comprise displaying a graphical notification of the event in the sub-portion, or in alternative embodiments, displaying video data showing the event in the sub-portion.. ... Nokia

11/23/17 / #20170336830

Apparatus and method for processing audio signals

Apparatus comprises one or more first microphones for providing audio signals from captured acoustic signals; one or more conductive terminals for connection to one or more conductive terminals of an external cover device for receiving audio signals provided by one or more second microphones included in the external cover device; and one or more processors coupled to the one or more first microphones and to the one or more conductive terminals and configured to perform audio processing on the audio signals from the one or more first microphones and/or from the one or more second microphones based on a control input. Cover apparatus comprises one or more microphones and one or more conductive terminals for providing audio signals provided by said one or more microphones to the electronic apparatus.. ... Nokia

11/23/17 / #20170332968

Location device for identifying location(s) for physiological measurements and methods using the same

Provided are location devices that identify the location for measuring physiological conditions, methods of operating the device, and computer program products for use with the device. The location device provides improved reliability in measurement data since it consistently provides the location for the measurements. ... Nokia

11/16/17 / #20170332439

Extending the range of mesh networks

. . In some example embodiments there is provided a method. The method may include detecting, by a router coupling a first mesh network to at least one other mesh network, a mesh packet having a destination node in the at least one other mesh network; receiving, at the router, an internet protocol address of at least one other router, wherein the internet protocol address is received in response to querying for the destination node; and sending, by the router, the mesh packet encapsulated with the internet protocol address of the at least one other router coupled to the at least one other mesh network including the destination node.. ... Nokia

11/16/17 / #20170332355

Communications in a wireless system

Methods and apparatus for controlling devices capable of device-to-device communication are disclosed. A network node determines at least two resource allocations for device-to-device communication between the devices. ... Nokia

11/16/17 / #20170332242

Resource allocation

An example implementation relates to an apparatus including: at least one processor and at least one memory including a computer program code, the at least one memory and the computer program code configured to, with the at least one processor, cause the apparatus at least to: compare the need for frequency resources with currently allocated frequency resources, and if the need for frequency resources is less than the currently allocated frequency resources, inform at least one other node about at least one releasable frequency resource, the at least one releasable frequency resource comprising at least one frequency resource exceeding the need for frequency resources, and at least one rule associated with the at least one releasable frequency resource the at least one rule defining reallocation principles.. . ... Nokia

11/16/17 / #20170332170

Audio lens

An apparatus configured to: determine a viewing angle associated with at least one apparatus camera; determine from at least two audio signals at least one audio source orientation relative to an apparatus; and generate at least one spatial filter including at least a first orientation range associated with the viewing angle and a second orientation range relative to the apparatus.. . ... Nokia

11/16/17 / #20170331931

Application layer header or payload enrichment without proxy or connection termination

Various communication systems may benefit from header or payload data enrichment. For example, certain mobile communication systems may benefit from application layer header or data enrichment without proxy or connection termination. ... Nokia

11/16/17 / #20170331860

Method and apparatus for local data monitoring and actuator control in an internet of things network

A method, apparatus, and computer program product are disclosed for locally monitoring internet of things (iot) devices without the need to interact via an iot network intermediary. An example method includes receiving signals transmitted by one or more devices and identifying, by a communication device, a nearest device of the one or more devices based on the received signals. ... Nokia

11/16/17 / #20170331838

Methods and computing devices to regulate packets in a software defined network

A method to allow applications to regulate packets in a software defined network includes receiving a request from an application to regulate at least some of the packets, the request including at least one of a destination address range including at least one destination address, and a source address range including at least one source address, for the packets. The method further includes executing the request if it is permitted by at least one permission out of a set of permissions, wherein the permission includes a rule stating at least one type of packet regulation request that is allowed for a set of packets, the set specified by at least one of a source address range and a destination address range, the source address range including at least one source address and the destination address range including at least one destination address. ... Nokia

11/16/17 / #20170331673

Method and system for network performance root cause analysis

A system in a telecommunications network includes a database including at least one metric, at least one module configured for analyzing the at least one metric, a graphical user interface configured for displaying the at least one module, and a processor configured for determining a root cause in the network.. . ... Nokia

11/16/17 / #20170331621

Secure access to remote data

In accordance with an example aspect of the present invention, there is provided an apparatus comprising a receiver configured participate in an association with a first node, and at least one processing core configured to obtain a first credential set based on the association, to determine the apparatus has become associated with a computer, to receive an encrypted first key from the first node, to decrypt the encrypted first key and to provide the decrypted first key to the computer.. . ... Nokia

11/16/17 / #20170331604

Coded allocation of channel state information reference signals

Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for coded allocation of channel state information (csi) reference signals (rs) are provided. According to one method, the csi-rss are allocated by a network node into a square matrix, such that each csi_rs is transmitted over several predefined antenna ports, allowing user equipment to reconstruct individually any 2n out of n2 channel components.. ... Nokia

11/16/17 / #20170331602

Triggering of reference signals and control signaling

When triggering a user equipment (ue) to send a reference signal (srs) the network configures the ue with multiple parameter sets, each having a timing indication. The ue's resource allocation grants multiple uplink (ul) subframes and identifies/selects one of those parameter sets. ... Nokia

11/16/17 / #20170330369

Digital video rendering

The invention relates to methods, apparatuses and computer program products for rendering of digital image and video content. First information of a first graphic object for rendering a second graphic object and second information of the second graphic object for rendering the second graphic object are formed or received. ... Nokia

11/16/17 / #20170330302

Method and apparatus for determining the capture mode following capture of the content

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided to permit the capture mode to be determined following the capture of the content. In the context of a method, content may be initially captured, such as without an indication of the capture mode. ... Nokia

11/16/17 / #20170330169

User interface for adjusting a property based on a change in orientation

A method, computer program and apparatus are provided. The method comprises: determining a transaction to be performed, at least in part, by an apparatus; detecting a change in orientation of the apparatus; and adjusting a property of the transaction based on the detected change in orientation of the apparatus.. ... Nokia

11/16/17 / #20170329639

Steering of virtualized resources

The invention addresses method, apparatus, system and computer program product for controlling virtualized resources, comprising receiving a request to implement a network service at a network element, looking up key parameters of the network service, selecting at least one compute resource according to the network service, deploying at least one application as required to fulfill the network service, selecting at least one transport resource to interconnect the network element with the at least one application, instructing an access control conductor that a transport access manager has exclusive access to at least part of the network element's resources, and instructing the transport access manager to establish a transport path at the network element.. . ... Nokia

11/16/17 / #20170329018

Portable terminal and method for position determination

There is a mobile terminal including an antenna, a global positioning system (gps) receiver and at least two different applications. Each of the at least two different applications are executable on the mobile terminal. ... Nokia

11/16/17 / #20170326920

Tyre and a method for manufacturing an annular

A method for manufacturing an annular carcass of a tire includes providing first and second ply materials, each including cords; winding at least a layer of the first ply material and a layer of the second ply material onto a carcass drum so the first ply material radially surrounds the second ply material; arranging two cables onto the cylindrical carcass preform; turning the part of the cylindrical carcass preform about the closer cable onto the part of the cylindrical carcass preform between the two cables; and expanding the cylindrical carcass preform to form an annular carcass having, in a bead area, inner and outer layers of the first ply material and inner and outer layers of the second ply material. The ply materials are arranged so the cords thereof are arranged cross-wise with respect to its neighboring ply materials or a neighboring ply material, considering the innermost or outermost layer.. ... Nokia

11/09/17 / #20170325242

Improving voice call performance testing

There is provided a method comprising: determining, by a network element, that at least one terminal device is capable of performing a voice call quality test, sending a radio system specific control message to the at least one terminal device, wherein the control message causes the at least one terminal device to perform the voice call quality test, and obtaining the voice call quality test results.. . ... Nokia

11/09/17 / #20170325241

Improving communication efficiency

There is provided a method including generating, by a network element, at least one transmission gap within data transmission performed by the network element, transmitting a control message to at least one terminal device, wherein the control message includes a first request to perform, by the at least one terminal device, a first interference measurement during the at least one transmission gap, and wherein the control message further includes a second request to perform, by the at least one terminal device, a second interference measurement during the said data transmission, receiving, from the at least one terminal device, an interference report including information that is at least partly based on the first and the second interference measurements, and providing communication resources on the basis of the received interference report.. . ... Nokia

11/09/17 / #20170325159

Extension of access network discovery and selection function (andsf) to support ad-hoc network selection

An extension to andsf management object as defined in ts 23.312 is provided to support adhoc network connection establishment like wf-fi direct or wlan direct. In some example embodiments there is provided a method. ... Nokia

11/09/17 / #20170325137

Optimized cell update for multi connectivity

Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for optimized cell update for a multi-connectivity user equipment are provided. One method includes, when a new cell of a second radio interface is selected according to cell reselection parameters provided in a system information block, sending a message, by the user equipment, to inform the network of cell update via a connection on a first radio interface. ... Nokia

11/09/17 / #20170325128

Cloud based access network

Information on a tier comprising given resources operationally connected to a set of remote radio heads and configured to process traffic to and from the remote radio heads is gathered and maintained (300). The usage of the tier resources on different connections and services is controlled (302). ... Nokia

11/09/17 / #20170325120

Quality of experience enforcement in communications

A network node, such as a quality of experience qoe orchestrator, start monitors (400) data traffic related to a terminal device, in order to detect (402) a data flow related to an application session. The network node derives (403) resource requirement information defining a required qoe level to be provided to the terminal device regarding the application session. ... Nokia

11/09/17 / #20170325092

Discovery mechanism for service server connection

In some example embodiments there is provided a method. The method may include sending, by a user equipment having a connection to a service at a cloud-based server, a publication message to a local cluster comprising at least one other user equipment and the user equipment, wherein the publication message offers to share, with the at least one other user equipment, the connection; receiving, by the user equipment, a request from the at least one other user equipment to access the connection made available by the user equipment, when the at least one other user equipment lacks connectivity to the service at the cloud-based server; and sending, by the user equipment, a response message indicating to the at least one other user equipment whether the at least one other user equipment is allowed to access the connection made available by the user equipment.. ... Nokia

11/09/17 / #20170324791

Method and apparatus for quick content channel discovery, streaming, and switching

An approach is provided for quick content channel discovery, and with minimal latency, streaming of a content stream, and switching from one content stream to another content stream available from various content providers. A method includes a buffering of one or more original content streams from one or more provider sources to generate one or more buffered content streams by at least one buffering service. ... Nokia

11/09/17 / #20170324730

Method and apparatus for identity federation gateway

Techniques for an id federation gateway include determining whether a user associated with a request for a particular network resource is to be identified by the provider of the particular service or by a different party. The service also comprises causing the different party to provide identification data that indicates an identity for the user, if the user is to be identified by the different party. ... Nokia

11/09/17 / #20170324459

Mobility measurements

Determination of characteristics of a communication environment may be beneficial in many communication systems. For example, certain wireless communication systems, such as fifth generation (5g) communication systems, may benefit from appropriate mobility measurements. ... Nokia

11/09/17 / #20170324161

Antenna system calibration

A method for antenna calibration is disclosed, the method including driving calibration signals for antenna array beam calibration to an antenna array feeder line in a transceiver front end unit by using one or more directional couplers and/or radio frequency probes, wherein calibration signal paths are integrated inside the transceiver front end unit. Measurements are carried out on the calibration signals, between different antenna combinations inside the antenna array. ... Nokia

11/09/17 / #20170323945

A multilayer graphene composite

A multilayer graphene composite comprising a plurality of stacked graphene layers separated from one another by an ion gel, wherein the ion gel is intercalated between adjacent graphene layers such that ions within the ion gel are able to arrange themselves at the surfaces of the graphene layers to cause a detectable change in one or more of an electrical and optical property of the graphene layers when a gate voltage is applied to a gate electrode in proximity to the ion gel.. . ... Nokia

11/09/17 / #20170323929

Memory apparatus and method of production thereof

In accordance with an example embodiment of the present invention, an apparatus is disclosed. The apparatus includes a resistive memory component including an active material and two or more electrodes in electrical contact with the active material of the resistive memory component; and a selector component providing control over the resistive memory component, the selector component including an active material and two or more electrodes in electrical contact with the active material of the selector component. ... Nokia

11/09/17 / #20170323478

Method and apparatus for evaluating environmental structures for in-situ content augmentation

An approach is provided for determining three-dimensional mesh data associated with one or more object surfaces depicted in at least one image. The approach involves processing and/or facilitating a processing of the three-dimensional mesh data, the at least one image, or a combination thereof to determine one or more visual features of the one or more object surfaces. ... Nokia

11/09/17 / #20170323466

Relevance based visual media item modification

A method that receives a visual media item and determines an identity of at least one intended viewer of the visual media item is disclosed. The method may further identify a visual representation of an object that is comprised by the visual media item and determine a relevance of the object based, at least in part, on the identity. ... Nokia

11/09/17 / #20170323433

Method, apparatus and computer program product for generating super-resolved images

In an example embodiment a method, apparatus and computer program product are provided. The method includes generating an initial super-resolved image associated with a scene based on a reference image and remaining one or more images of a plurality of images of the scene, where the scene comprising at least one mobile object. ... Nokia

11/09/17 / #20170323307

Specifying media content placement criteria

To control advertisement or other media content placement in content, content owners or other interested parties may include ad or media content placement metadata in the content item. Media content placement metadata may provide specifications such as a maximum media content (e.g., ad) duration, media content rating, media content size, payment information, placement location on a screen (i.e., for videos or images) and the like. ... Nokia

11/09/17 / #20170323172

An apparatus, method and computer program for identifying biometric features

A method, apparatus and computer program, wherein the method comprises: illuminating a portion of skin of a user; detecting light scattered by the illuminated portion of skin and using the detected light to identify locations of biometric features within the illuminated portion of skin; and configuring a light source to selectively illuminate identified locations of biometric features.. . ... Nokia

11/09/17 / #20170322181

Method and apparatus for analysis of ionsized gases

Apparatus comprising an inlet region for receiving a gas mixture; an ionizer for supplying hydronium ions to the received gas mixture to generate ions, wherein the ionizer comprises a membrane for receiving the gas mixture, and wherein the membrane, preferably made of graphene oxide, is capable of generating hydronium ions from water; and an ion detector for detecting ions generated from the gas mixture.. . ... Nokia

11/09/17 / #20170319136

Method and apparatus for contacting skin with sensor equipment

A method, apparatus and computer program, in which a body of a wearable apparatus is maintained maintaining by a link in place at a given part of skin of the user. A sensor platform is movably supported sandwiched between the body and the skin and supported by the body movably with relation to the body towards and away of the skin, when the apparatus is worn by the user. ... Nokia

10/26/17 / #20170311370

Network controlled and deployment based increased primary cell measurements

Communication systems may benefit from appropriate measurements of transmitters. For example, certain communication systems using dual connectivity may benefit from network controlled and deployment based increased primary cell measurements. ... Nokia

10/26/17 / #20170311369

Tracking area update enhancement in dual connectivity

It is provided a method, comprising checking if a terminal connected to an apparatus performing the method is additionally to be connected to a secondary base station in a dual connectivity; providing provide, if the terminal is to be connected to the secondary base station in the dual connectivity, a secondary tracking area information of the secondary base station to the terminal; informing a management entity about the secondary tracking area information related to the terminal.. . ... Nokia

10/26/17 / #20170311320

Control data signaling framework for lte-laa communication systems employing carrier aggregation on unlicensed bands

There is provided a method comprising controlling receiving, at a node, subframe type configuration information, said subframe type configuration information defining at least one subframe type of a group of subframes to be used in a secondary cell, said secondary cell configured to provide at least one of licensed-assisted access, licensed shared access and co-primary sharing access and using said subframe type configuration information to cause the node to operate in accordance with that configuration in the secondary cell.. . ... Nokia

10/26/17 / #20170311281

Controlling communication devices by actions triggered by paging

Methods and apparatuses are disclosed for controlling communications devices. An access node can generate a message for at least one communication device for transmission at a resource determined at least partly on the basis of a first identifier value assigned to said at least one communication device. ... Nokia

10/26/17 / #20170311243

Radio resource control procedure for query of service providers

Various communication systems may benefit from improved network connectivity through an available service provider. For example, certain communication systems may benefit from informing a user equipment of the available service providers without having to first establish an rrc connection. ... Nokia

10/26/17 / #20170311233

Method, apparatus and system

There is provided a method comprising, for a ue associated with a first base station in a first cell of a plurality of cells, receiving first system information and second system information, said first system information associated with the first cell, said second system information associated with the plurality of cells and, when the ue moves to a second cell of the plurality of cells, updating said first information and maintaining said second information.. . ... Nokia

10/26/17 / #20170311211

Method, apparatus and system for dual connectivity handover initiated by source base station becoming the future secondary base station

There is provided a method, said method comprising at a secondary base station associated with a user equipment, controlling initiation of a connection between a primary base station and the user equipment, such that the user equipment is in dual connectivity mode with the primary base station and the secondary base station.. . ... Nokia

10/26/17 / #20170311200

Lower and upper bounds for flow-control data requests between network nodes

Lower and upper bounds for flow-control data requests between network nodes methods and devices are shown for a wireless communication network where a user equipment consumes radio resources provided by at least two different network nodes, at least one node being a master node and at least another node being a secondary node. The secondary node determines a desired amount of data to be targeted to the user equipment and then transmits an indication of the desired amount of data to the master node. ... Nokia

10/26/17 / #20170311172

Methods, apparatuses and system for inter-operator spectrum sharing

A concept of having at least one representative access node for inter-operator interactions for spectrum sharing between a first operator's network and one or more further operators' networks is introduced, the representative access node being discoverable by a discovery procedure performed by access nodes. According to an example implementation, a method or technique may include performing a discovery procedure for discovering one or more representative access nodes for inter-operator interactions for spectrum sharing between a first operator's network and one or more further operators' networks, and causing a transmission of results of the discovery procedure to a controlling entity.. ... Nokia

10/26/17 / #20170310989

Apparatus, a method and a computer program for video coding and decoding

There are disclosed various methods, apparatuses and computer program products for video encoding and decoding. In other embodiments, there is provided a method, an apparatus, a computer readable storage medium stored with code thereon for use by an apparatus, and a video encoder, for encoding a scalable bitstream, to provide indicating an encoding configuration, where only samples and syntax from intra coded pictures of base layer is used for coding the enhancement layer pictures. ... Nokia

10/26/17 / #20170310762

Method and apparatus for multipath communication

In accordance with an example embodiment of the present invention, there is provided a method, comprising exchanging connectivity information, setting up a connection, determining that a correspondent node has at least one access in an inactive state, and transmitting a request to the correspondent node to activate at least one of the at least one access in an inactive state. The setting up may be done based on the exchanged connectivity information.. ... Nokia

10/26/17 / #20170310405

Method and apparatus for vswr estimation using cross-correlation and real sampling without the need for time alignment

Methods, apparatus, and computer program products using spectrum analysis or cross correlation techniques to discriminate against interference. These approaches are straight forward if both the forward and reflected signals contain complex or quadrature (i and q) samples. ... Nokia

10/26/17 / #20170309289

Methods, apparatuses and computer programs relating to modification of a characteristic associated with a separated audio signal

This specification describes a method comprising determining, based on a determined measure of success of a separation of an audio signal representing a sound source from a composite audio signal comprising components derived from at least two sound sources, a value of a separated signal modification parameter, the value of the separated signal modification parameter indicating a range of modification of a characteristic associated with the separated audio signal.. . ... Nokia

10/26/17 / #20170308804

Method and apparatus for adiabatic quantum annealing

An approach is provided for adiabatic quantum annealing (computing, aqc). There is disclosed an apparatus comprising a first quantum dot and a second quantum dot forming a first kind of double quantum dot; and a third quantum dot and a fourth quantum dot forming a second kind of double quantum dot. ... Nokia

10/26/17 / #20170308351

Audio processing based upon camera selection

A method including generating respective audio signals from microphones of an apparatus; determining which camera(s) of a plurality of cameras of the apparatus has been selected for use; and based upon the determined camera(s) selected for use, selecting an audio processing mode for at least one of the respective audio signals to be processed, where the audio processing mode at least partially automatically adjusts the at least one respective audio signals based upon the determined camera(s) selected for use.. . ... Nokia

10/26/17 / #20170307453

Deformable apparatus and method

An apparatus and method wherein the apparatus comprises: a deformable substrate;a curved support structure; at least one support configured to space the curved support structure from the substrate so that when the deformable substrate is deformed the curved support structure is not deformed in the same way; and a capacitive sensor comprising a protruding electrode capacitively coupled to an overlaying electrode;wherein the protruding electrode protrudes from a side of the curved support structure.. . ... Nokia

10/26/17 / #20170307405

Apparatus and method for sensing

According to aspects of the present disclosure there is provided an apparatus and method for sensing. The apparatus includes a sensor circuit which includes a first output terminal, a second output terminal and a sensor that is provided in a bridge circuit arrangement. ... Nokia

10/26/17 / #20170305741

A deformable apparatus and method

An apparatus and method wherein the method comprises: a deformable substrate; a curved support structure configured to support at least a portion of a resistive sensor wherein the resistive sensor comprises a first electrode, a second electrode and a resistive sensor material provided between the electrodes; at least one support configured to space the curved support structure from the deformable substrate so that when the deformable substrate is deformed the curved support structure is not deformed in the same way; wherein the resistive sensor is positioned on the curved support structure so as to limit deformation of the resistive sensor when the deformable substrate is deformed.. . ... Nokia

10/12/17 / #20170295602

Device discovery in a device to device communication using two types of discovery

Method and apparatus for device discovery are disclosed. In the method a type of device discovery to be used by a device for proximity services involving at least one another device is determined, wherein the available types of discovery comprise at least a first type discovery where additional resource information is provided for the device and a second type discovery where no additional resource information is provided. ... Nokia

10/12/17 / #20170295574

Enhanced frequency selection

Various communication systems may benefit from appropriate selection of frequencies for measurement purposes. For example, certain wireless communication systems that can use numerous frequencies but measure a smaller number of frequencies, may benefit from enhanced frequency selection. ... Nokia

10/12/17 / #20170295564

Downlink control channel for single carrier transmission

A method is provided comprising selecting (301), in a network node, a downlink control channel scheme comprising at least two control channel pools within predefined control symbols. The network node applies (302) time division multiplexing between different control channels and/or related control channel building blocks within each control channel pool. ... Nokia

10/12/17 / #20170295524

Apparatuses and methods for indication of full configuration in handover signaling

Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for the indication of full configuration in handover signaling are provided. For example, an indication of “full configuration” and/or “no full configuration” may be included in handover signaling over x2 and/or s1 interface to a source enb.. ... Nokia

10/12/17 / #20170295511

Methods and apparatus for minimization of drive testing

Systems and techniques for minimize drive testing measurements. Network elements including ues and enbs are configured to define measurement procedures to determine control plane latency affecting scheduling requests, rach procedures, and combinations thereof. ... Nokia

10/12/17 / #20170295201

Diameter edge agent attack detection

In accordance with the example embodiments of the invention there is at least a method and apparatus to detect that at least one message received from another network device of a communication network is in response to a prior message using a spoofed source address; based on the detecting, mirror the at least one message; and send to the another network device the mirrored at least one message to cause the another network device to filter out the at least one message in response to the prior message using the spoofed address. Further, there is at least a method and apparatus to receive from a network node signaling associated with at least one message; based on the signaling, detect that the at least one message is in response to a prior message using a spoofed source address; and based on the detecting, filter out the at least one message in response to the prior message using the spoofed source address.. ... Nokia

10/12/17 / #20170295105

Method and apparatus for u-plane sub-service flow mapping

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided for sub-service flow based mapping in a cellular communication system. A sub-service flow user-plane interface between an enforcement point and a network control system (ncs) is defined. ... Nokia

10/05/17 / #20170290055

Expediting repetition of an unanswered poll for automatic repeat request (arq) feedback

Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for expediting repetition of an unanswered poll for automatic repeat request (arq) feedback are provided. One method includes transmitting a poll to a peer protocol entity to trigger status reporting at the peer protocol entity, starting a timer with a duration that is set based on whether at least one predefined condition is met. ... Nokia

10/05/17 / #20170289917

Dynamic time division duplex interference mitigation in a wireless network

An example implementation may include transmitting, by a first base station to a second base station, a beam-specific power down request value for one or more beams. Another example implementation may include receiving, by a second base station from a first base station, a beam-specific power down request value for one or more beams, and decreasing, by the second base station, transmit power for one or more transmit beams based on the beam-specific power down request value for the one or more beams.. ... Nokia

10/05/17 / #20170289841

Method and apparatus for improving communication efficiency

There is provided a method, comprising: detecting that an overflow counter value applied by the user device in reception of data transmission from a network node is different than the overflow counter value applied by the network node to the data transmission; and transmitting a reception-status report to the network node to inform the network node about the detection.. . ... Nokia

10/05/17 / #20170289783

Emergency call handling using over-the-top services

Methods and apparatus, including computer program products, are provided for emergency call handling. In one aspect there is provided a method. ... Nokia

10/05/17 / #20170289674

Resonance damping for audio transducer systems

An apparatus comprising: an audio transducer configured to at least one of: generate sound upon receiving an audio signal provided by the apparatus; and convert sound into an audio signal to be processed by the apparatus; a housing component comprising one or more sound apertures configured to allow the transmission of sound through the one or more sound apertures; and an acoustic cavity inside the apparatus being acoustically coupled to the audio transducer using the one or more sound apertures wherein the one or more sound apertures are configured to provide an acoustic damping.. . ... Nokia

10/05/17 / #20170289278

Application control interworking in network

Various communication systems may benefit from application control interworking in a network to expose certain service capabilities. For example, certain communication systems of the third generation partnership project (3gpp) that provide service capabilities that are exposed to application providers, for example, via open mobile alliance-application programming interface, may benefit from application control interworking in a network. ... Nokia

10/05/17 / #20170289155

Communication between devices without establishing a persistent connection

Methods and apparatuses are disclosed for enabling non-persistent communications between devices. A device can receive a first broadcast from a broadcasting device, the first broadcast advertising information identifying the broadcasting device. ... Nokia

10/05/17 / #20170289047

Method and apparatus for end-to-end qos/qoe management in 5g systems

Various methods are provided for providing dynamic and adaptive qos and qoe management of u-plane traffic while implementing user and application specific differentiation and maximizing system resource utilization by, for example, providing utilizing a system comprised of a policy server and one or more enforcement points. In one example system, the policy server may be a logical entity configured for storing a plurality of qos/qoe policies, each of the plurality of policies identifying at least one of a user, service vertical, application, or context, and associated qoe targets. ... Nokia

10/05/17 / #20170289021

Packet sequence numbering for multi-connectivity in a wireless network

An example technique may include controlling receiving a data unit and an associated first sequence number over a first protocol, assigning a second sequence number to the data unit, wherein the second sequence number is based upon the first sequence number, and controlling transmitting, over a second protocol, the data unit and the second sequence number.. . ... Nokia

10/05/17 / #20170288784

Free space communication

According to an example aspect of the present invention, there is provided an apparatus (201) comprising adjustable optical equipment (290), a position sensitive photodetector (280), at least one light emitter (220), and control circuitry (104) configured to cause the light emitter (220) and the adjustable optical equipment (290) to output from the apparatus (201) a divergent beam of light, to determine a location of a light signal on the position sensitive photodetector (280) and to cause at least one of the at least one light emitter (220) and the adjustable optical equipment (290) to output from the apparatus (201) a collimated beam of light to a direction selected based at least in part on the location of the light signal on the position sensitive photodetector (280).. . ... Nokia

10/05/17 / #20170288782

Apparatus and method for transmitting in an optical communication network

An apparatus and method for transmitting in an optical communication network. Optical transmissions, and in particular burst mode transmissions, are subject to wavelength drift. ... Nokia

10/05/17 / #20170288773

Apparatus and methods for mitigating wavelength drift in an optical communication network

An apparatus and method for mitigating wavelength drift in an optical communication network. A network node such as an olt in a pon receives a transmission on a certain optical channel. ... Nokia

10/05/17 / #20170287003

Method and apparatus for associating commenting information with one or more objects

An approach is provided for presenting a user interface and associating one or more commenting information with on one or more content items detected in one or more media items. Further, a user may associate one or more commenting information related to a point of interest/object wherein one or more content items associated with the point of interest/object may be retrieved and aggregated with the one or more commenting information.. ... Nokia

10/05/17 / #20170282652

Mould for making a wear indicator into a pneumatic tyre and a pneumatic tyre comprising a wear indicator

A pneumatic tyre with a wear indicator may be manufactured by inserting rods of a mould into the tire tread during manufacturing. A mould may include at least seven rods extending in parallel in a direction of height on a same side of an object and connected to the object. ... Nokia

09/28/17 / #20170280497

Method for fast circuit switched service enabling handover from packet-switched only networks

Quick and efficient handover of a user equipment (ue) from a wideband code-division multiple access (wcdma) packet switched only network to a circuit switched enabled (cse) network is provided. Parallelization of the radio access network (ran) processes and the user equipment (ue) processes can help to reduce delay in such handovers.. ... Nokia

09/28/17 / #20170280485

Broadcast based network access

There is provided a method, comprising: detecting, by a local area access node, a broadcast transmission of uplink data from a user device, wherein the user device and the local area access node have not established a mutual radio communications connection with each other; detecting an indication of a target network element from the broadcast transmission; and controlling forwarding at least part of the broadcast transmission to the target network element as a dedicated transmission, thereby providing a broadcast based network access for the user device.. . ... Nokia

09/28/17 / #20170280474

Transmitting data based on flow input from base station

According to an example embodiment, a method may include scheduling, by a base station, uplink wireless resources for a user device, receiving, from the user device via the scheduled wireless resources, data associated with at least a first application and a second application, monitoring whether the user device is meeting a first quality of service policy associated with the first application based on the received data associated with the first application, monitoring whether the user device is meeting a second quality of service policy associated with the second application based on the received data associated with the second application, and instructing the user device to adjust an uplink data rate of an application flow associated with the first application based on the monitoring whether the user device is meeting the quality of service policy for the first application.. . ... Nokia

09/28/17 / #20170280133

Stereo image recording and playback

The invention relates to forming a scene model and determining a first group of scene points, the first group of scene points being visible from a rendering viewpoint, determining a second group of scene points, the second group of scene points being at least partially obscured by the first group of scene points viewed from the rendering viewpoint, forming a first render layer using the first group of scene points and a second render layer using the second group of scene points, and providing the first and second render layers for rendering a stereo image. The invention also relates to receiving a first render layer and a second render layer comprising pixels, the first render layer comprising pixels corresponding to first parts of a scene viewed from a rendering viewpoint and the second render layer comprising pixels corresponding to second parts of the scene viewed from the rendering viewpoint, wherein the second parts of the scene are obscured by the first parts viewed from the rendering viewpoint, placing pixels of the first render layer and pixels of the second render layer in a rendering space,associating a depth value with the pixels, and rendering a stereo image using said pixels and said depth values.. ... Nokia

09/28/17 / #20170279775

Method and apparatus for anonymous access and control of a service node

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided for anonymous access and control of a service node. In the context of a method, the method includes causing the transmission of a privacy proxy uri in response to the privacy proxy uri request, and establishing a privacy connection with user equipment in response to receiving a request to connect including the uri. ... Nokia

09/28/17 / #20170279584

Enhanced random access channel procedure

Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for an enhanced random access channel (rach) procedure are provided. One method may include receiving an access request comprising a signature from at least one user equipment. ... Nokia

09/28/17 / #20170279489

Techniques for processing and storing vectoring coefficients

Techniques for processing, storing, and using vectoring coefficients in a wireline communication system are disclosed. A wireline device selects victim-disturber specific parameters corresponding to a pair of digital subscriber line (dsl) lines and a subset of tones used to communicate data over the pair of dsl lines and downsamples, based at least in part on a downsampling parameter of the victim-disturber specific parameters, a set of vectoring coefficients. ... Nokia

09/28/17 / #20170277911

Method and apparatus for secure signing and utilization of distributed computations

An approach is provided for providing secure signing and utilization of distributed computations. A distributed computation authentication platform causes, at least in part, a signing of one or more computation closures of at least one functional flow. ... Nokia

09/28/17 / #20170277882

Controlling a device

In accordance with an example aspect of the present invention, there is provided an apparatus comprising at least one receiver configured to receive, via a first channel, a secret value and an identifier of a local node and, via a second channel, a random value, and at least one processing core configured to cause transmission to the local node of a first message comprising a hash value, the hash value being derived based on a set comprising the secret value, the random value, and an instruction.. . ... Nokia

09/28/17 / #20170276764

A system for output of audio and/or visual content

Output of audio or visual content via local mobile user devices (4a, 4b. 4c, 4d, 4e, 4f), such as a mobile phone and/or a headset, or via output devices (8a, 8b. ... Nokia

09/21/17 / #20170272990

Methods and apparatus for wireless connection management

Improved systems and techniques for dual connection to a wireless communications network. In a wireless network comprising one or more macro base stations and secondary base stations, a user device indicates capability to operate and readiness to initiate an alternative multipath transfer control protocol connection. ... Nokia

09/21/17 / #20170272969

Methods and apparatus for management of data privacy

Systems and techniques for managing user data privacy are described. Upon identification of a user device as a candidate for performing data collection relating to network performance experienced by the device, a network operator on whose behalf the data collection is to be performed is identified, and user consent information associated with the user device is examined to determine if a user of the device has given consent for data collection on behalf of the network operator. ... Nokia

09/21/17 / #20170272948

Method and apparatus for establishment of private commnunication between devices

The invention relates to a method and devices for mutual communication between devices, and to computer programs enabling such communication. According to the invention, in a first device is controlled a transmitter module operable in a local radio communications network to transmit a sequence of radio signal pulses representing a predetermined code. ... Nokia

09/21/17 / #20170272939

Method, apparatus and computer program product for provisioning multiple user identities in an ip multimedia subsystem

A mechanism for an apparatus in a communication network is described. The mechanism comprises receiving provisioning from a second apparatus, wherein said provisioning comprising at least a public identity and a pre-defined range of private identity associated with the public identity, receiving a request comprising a first public identity and its associated private identity from a third apparatus, determining the first public identity already exists in the apparatus, determining the received private identity is not identical to any private identity already provisioned in the apparatus, determining the received private identity is not identical to any private identity in a temporary profile, determining the received private identity is within a pre-defined range of private identity associated with the first public identity, creating a temporary private identity identical to the received private identity and a temporary profile for the received private identity.. ... Nokia

09/21/17 / #20170272902

Handling sensor information

According to an example aspect of the present invention, there is provided an apparatus comprising at least one processing core, at least one memory including computer program code, the at least one memory and the computer program code being configured to, with the at least one processing core, cause the apparatus at least to determine a placement of the apparatus with respect to a user, determine a confidence level of the determination of the placement, and based at least in part on the placement and the confidence level, select either a classifier specific to the placement or a general classifier. Calibrated and/or uncalibrated sensor information may be used in phases of implementing the invention.. ... Nokia

09/21/17 / #20170272878

Detection of a microphone

An apparatus comprising: a detector configured to determine at least one microphone is impaired by analysing at least one audio signal from the at least one microphone; and an controller configured to determine an indicator based on the determination of the impairment of the at least one microphone; and configured to apply the indicator based on the determination of the impairment of the at least one microphone, such that the at least one audio signal is processed based on the indicator.. . ... Nokia

09/21/17 / #20170272856

Orientation free handsfree device

Methods, apparatuses, and computer program products are provided to indicate or automatically configure headphone channel orientation based on a physical orientation determination. An apparatus is provided that is configured to at least determine an orientation of the headphone device; analyze the determined orientation; and provide an indication of the determined orientation or adjust the output channel configuration of the apparatus for the headphone device. ... Nokia

09/21/17 / #20170271750

Apparatus comprising an antenna having conductive elements

An apparatus (10) comprising a substrate (2) and an antenna (20). The antenna (20) comprising a first conductive element (21) having a first electrical length and connected to a first antenna terminal (31) and a second conductive element (22) having a second electrical length connected to a second antenna terminal (32), wherein at least the first conductive element is supported by a first portion of the substrate (11) and wherein at least the first portion of the substrate is configured to deform from a first configuration to a second configuration to: change the first electrical length of the first conductive element relative to the second electrical length of the second conductive element; and add or remove at least one operational resonant mode of the antenna.. ... Nokia

09/21/17 / #20170270195

Providing token-based classification of device information

An approach is provided for providing token-based classification of device information. A token management platform determines a plurality of tokens. ... Nokia

09/21/17 / #20170267254

Apparatuses, methods and computer programs for providing vehicle feedback

A method including causing transmission of at least one signal to at least one apparatus, separate from an autonomous or semi-autonomous vehicle, to cause the at least one apparatus to provide feedback to at least one passenger of the autonomous or semi-autonomous vehicle to provide control information of the autonomous or semi-autonomous vehicle.. . ... Nokia

09/14/17 / #20170265191

Spectrum efficiency for uplink wireless communications

A wireless network having one or more access points and one or more stations may improve spectrum efficiency for uplink transmissions by assigning a plurality of stations to a channel (or subchannel), each with a different priority. A channel may be assigned to a first station with the first priority, a second station with a second priority, and so on (e.g., instead of assigning the channel to just one station). ... Nokia

09/14/17 / #20170265190

Method, apparatus, and computer program product for user equipment capability indication of parallel processing

An example embodiment includes transmitting, by a wireless device, capability information to a network node, the capability information comprising parallel processing capability and maximum data throughput of the wireless device, to enable the network node to divide existing available link resources into a plurality of component bearer links for communication with the wireless device; and communicating, by the wireless device, with the network node via the plurality of component bearer links, at a level of data throughput up to the maximum data throughput indicated by the capability information.. . ... Nokia

09/14/17 / #20170265133

Inactive communication mode

There are provided measures for enabling/realizing an inactive communication mode, namely an inactive mode for the operation of terminal equipment and network equipment in a communication system. Such measures exemplarily comprise operation in a connected mode, in which a data plane connection and a control plane connection are established between a terminal equipment and a network equipment, transition from the connected mode to an inactive mode upon data plane inactivity, and operation in the inactive mode, in which the data plane connection is released and the control plane connection is maintained between the terminal equipment and the network equipment.. ... Nokia

09/14/17 / #20170265089

Scoring method and system for robust verification of configuration actions

There are provided measures for verification of configuration actions. Such measures exemplarily comprise detecting a configuration change in a domain, said configuration change comprises at least one parameter change, and said domain comprises at least one cell, repeating, for a predetermined period, an assessment cycle, and deciding, for each respective parameter change of said at least one parameter change, whether said respective parameter change is to be undone, based on a performance change of each cell of said domain which cell is affected by said respective parameter change, wherein said assessment cycle comprises assessing said performance change of each cell of said domain which cell is affected by any of said at least one parameter change.. ... Nokia

09/14/17 / #20170265012

Electronic device directional audio-video capture

Disclosed herein is an apparatus. The apparatus includes a housing, electronic circuitry, and an audio-visual source tracking system. ... Nokia

09/14/17 / #20170264647

Group communication service enabler security

Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for securing user plane (e.g., mb2-u) interface between a group communication service application server (gcs as) and broadcast multicast service center (bm-sc) are provided. One method may include transmitting a message via a control plane, to an application server, indicating whether to establish a security association on a user plane in an interface between the gcs as and the bm-sc. ... Nokia

09/14/17 / #20170264606

User equipment identity valid for heterogeneous networks

A method and apparatus may be configured to determine a network identity that is valid for the first network and a second network. The method may also include assigning the network identity to a user equipment. ... Nokia

09/14/17 / #20170264463

Optimized resource management in core network elements

The present invention addresses method, apparatus and computer program product for resource management within a distributed system in a core network element, comprising organizing computing resources of the core network element into sets, wherein a first set is always active, setting an upper threshold and a lower threshold for the load of the sets, wherein the sets in operation are loaded as long as the average load of the sets in operation reaches the upper threshold, and when the upper threshold is exceeded, a new set is activated, whereas, when the load thereof falls below the lower threshold, the last activated set is deactivated, assigning a priority number to each set, segmenting an interval of random numbers for randomizing a request distribution in subintervals which are allocated to the computing resources of the active sets, wherein the length of each subinterval is determined based on the priority number of the set of the respective computing resource, and allotting a random number out of the interval to an incoming request, and forwarding the request to such computing resource which belongs to the subinterval that contains the allotted random number.. . ... Nokia

09/14/17 / #20170264454

Method and apparatus for routing data to cellular network

A method, apparatus and computer program, in which: traffic is routed between a wide area network connection and a plurality of local network devices; the wide area network connection is formed in any of a plurality of connection types; each local network device of the plurality of the local network devices is identified; for each of the identified local network devices a suitable connection type is determined out of the plurality of connection types; and for each of the identified network devices the suitable connection type is arranged so that different ones of the identified network devices are able to communicate over the wide area network connection with different connection types.. . ... Nokia

09/14/17 / #20170264437

Method and apparatus for accelerated authentication

Techniques for accelerated authentication include receiving first data that indicates a first portion of user credentials for a first user but not a second portion. It is verified whether the first portion of user credentials is valid. ... Nokia

09/14/17 / #20170263996

Radio-frequency filter

A radio-frequency filter with at least one dielectric multi-mode resonator is provided. The resonator includes a metal housing with a top surface, a bottom surface, four sectors between the top and bottom surfaces, and including a resonator cavity therein. ... Nokia

09/14/17 / #20170263056

Method, apparatus and computer program for displaying an image

Examples of the present disclosure relate to a method, apparatus and computer program for displaying images. In certain examples, a real world physical object, which is located in a real world point of view of a user of a head mountable display, is detected. ... Nokia

09/14/17 / #20170263032

Avatar-enforced spatial boundary condition

A method, apparatus, and computer product for: determining that the location of a user satisfies at least one spatial boundary condition; and in response to said determination, causing the presentation of an avatar to the user, wherein the presentation of the avatar comprises presenting an instruction given by the avatar to the user.. . ... Nokia

09/14/17 / #20170262471

Method, apparatus and computer program product for providing standard real world to virtual world links

An apparatus for providing standard real world to virtual world links may include a processing element configured to receive indications of an image including an object, determine whether the object corresponds to a particular object having a predefined association based on a recognition of the object, and execute a function corresponding to the predefined association in response to the object corresponding to the particular object.. . ... Nokia

09/14/17 / #20170261500

An apparatus and method for controllably populating a channel with charge carriers

An apparatus comprising: a channel (4) configured to conduct charge carriers; and a charge carrier generator (22) configured to generate charge carriers for populating the channel, wherein the charge carrier generator is configured for resonance energy transfer (fret). The charge carrier generator may be a nanoparticle or quantum dot (22), functionalised with at least one moiety (28a, 28b) to enable detection of an analyte. ... Nokia

09/14/17 / #20170261355

Sensing system, method and apparatus

In accordance with an example embodiment of the present invention, a system is disclosed. The system comprises a first sensing unit (11) adapted to detect change in a parameter and produce an electrical signal (12) based on the detection; and a memristive unit (13) electrically coupled to the first sensing unit (11), wherein the memristive unit (13) is adapted to switch between a first and a second states based on the electrical signal (12) produced by the first sensing unit (11), wherein the resistance value of the memristive unit (13) in the first state is lower than the resistance value of the memristive unit (13) in the second state. ... Nokia

09/07/17 / #20170257944

Apparatus and associated methods for deformable electronics

An apparatus comprising a deformable substrate, an electrical interconnect suitable for interconnecting one or more electronic components located on the deformable substrate to one another or to one or more electronic components located on another substrate, and a support beam configured to couple the electrical interconnect to the deformable substrate, wherein the electrical interconnect comprises one or more curved sections and adjoining straight sections, and wherein the electrical interconnect is attached to the support beam via the adjoining straight sections such that the one or more curved sections are suspended over the deformable substrate to enable the electrical interconnect to accommodate strain when the deformable substrate undergoes operational deformation.. . ... Nokia

09/07/17 / #20170257907

Handover in lte-a-heterogeneous network

There is provided a method, comprising: configuring, by a network node controlling a macro cell of a cellular communication system, at least one handover trigger related signalling configuration for at least one terminal device of the cellular communication system; receiving, by the network node controlling the macro cell, as a result of said signalling configuration, an uplink message broadcasted by the at least one terminal device via a local area access node; recognizing the local area access node as an edge node located at an edge of a coverage area of the macro cell; and initiating a handover of the terminal device between the macro cell and a neighbouring macro cell.. . ... Nokia

09/07/17 / #20170257822

Delivery of cellular network insights to subscriber devices to subscriber devices through ssid via cellular system information block

Network insights may be useful in various communication networks. For example, certain cellular or similar networks may benefit from the delivery of cellular network insights to subscriber devices through service set identifier (ssid). ... Nokia

09/07/17 / #20170257790

Logging multicast-broadcast single-frequency network measurements

Various communication systems may benefit from the appropriate logging of measurements. For example, communication systems employing multimedia broadcast multicast service may benefit from logging multicast-broadcast single-frequency network measurements. ... Nokia

09/07/17 / #20170257785

Determining measurement gap patterns

Determining measurement gap patterns a terminal device acquires (200), from a network node, a message indicating a discovery reference signal drs measurement timing configuration for the terminal device for measuring discovery reference signals, and at least one measurement gap pattern mgp. The terminal device determines (206) an effective measurement gap pattern emgp based on the at least one measurement gap pattern mgp and the drs measurement timing configuration. ... Nokia

09/07/17 / #20170257753

Service function chain interworking

There are provided measures for service function chain interworking. Such measures exemplarily comprise recognizing, that said terminal is roaming in said visited network, detecting, that said visited network supports utilizing service functions of said service chaining, and applying, at a control function entity controlling said service function chaining, a service function of said service function chaining to a service data flow of said terminal, said service function being determined based on information on said roaming of said terminal in said visited network.. ... Nokia

09/07/17 / #20170255705

Method and apparatus of browsing modeling

An approach is provided for modeling browsing. Data corresponding to navigation behavior relating to navigating a page of a browser application is collected. ... Nokia

09/07/17 / #20170255703

Scalable visual search system simplifying access to network and device functionality

In one embodiment, an indication of information desired by a user is received, and a list of candidates for the desired information is provided for presentation on a mobile device of the user.. . ... Nokia

08/31/17 / #20170251514

Session transfer by tunnel endpoint identifier renumbering

The present invention addresses method, apparatus and computer program product for enabling session transfer by tunnel endpoint identifier renumbering in gprs tunneling protocol peer. A new tunnel endpoint identifier value is allocated for the existing session, information about relocating the existing session including the new tunnel endpoint identifier value for the existing session is communicated to the peer network elements of the relocated resource, tunnel endpoint change procedure towards counterpart network elements is performed, and the existing session is removed from the original resource and processing is continued in the relocated resource.. ... Nokia

08/31/17 / #20170251512

Configured condition for radio resource control connection re-establishment procedure

Various communication systems may benefit from techniques and devices for properly re-establishing connections. For example, communication systems of the third generation partnership project may benefit from a configured condition for radio resource control connection re-establishment. ... Nokia

08/31/17 / #20170251433

System power management and optimization in telecommunication systems

It is described a method (700) for reducing power consumption in a telecommunication system, the method (700) comprising: collecting (704) system data from at least a part of a plurality of subsystems (518) of the telecommunication system; determining a set of system constraints corresponding to the collected system data for at least the part of the plurality of subsystems (518); determining a configuration for at least the part of the plurality of sub-systems (518) based on the collected system data so that a total power consumption for at least the part of the plurality of subsystems (518) is reduced and the determined set of system constraints is met; and applying (712) the determined configuration to at least the part of the plurality of subsystems to enforce the determined configuration.. . ... Nokia

08/31/17 / #20170251414

Cell outage compensation using best neighbor cell candidate

A process for compensating for cell coverage in a wireless telecommunications network includes identifying an inactive cell, determining candidate cells from a plurality of neighboring cells that neighbor a coverage area of the inactive cell, calculating a compensation metric for each of the candidate cells, each compensation metric being based on a received power level of a respective candidate cell at one or more point, comparing respective compensation metrics for each cell of the candidate cells to compensation metrics of the remaining candidate cells, selecting one or more replacement cell from the candidate cells based on a result of the comparison, and adjusting parameters of the one or more replacement cell to compensate for the inactive cell.. . ... Nokia

08/31/17 / #20170251409

Enhanced timer setting for mobility robustness optimization

The present invention provides apparatuses, methods, computer programs, computer program products and computer-readable media regarding enhanced timer setting for mobility robustness optimization. The present invention includes detecting, at a user equipment, establishment of a connection to a cell, determining, at the user equipment, whether the connection is established by a connection re-establishment procedure, detecting, at the user equipment, a radio link failure of the connection to the cell, and transmitting, by the user equipment, a message to a base station serving another cell after a further re-establishment or setup of the connection, the message including an indication from which it is derivable whether the radio link failure occurred within a certain time after the establishment of the connection by the connection re-establishment procedure.. ... Nokia

08/31/17 / #20170251408

Transfer of communication parameters

Various communication systems may benefit from the transfer of sender or receiver communication parameters. For example, such transfer of sender communication parameters may be useful in connection with single radio voice call continuity (srvcc) and reverse srvcc. ... Nokia

08/31/17 / #20170251407

Method and apparatus for sending handover indication to assisting cell

A method comprises determining that a handover of a user equipment in multi-flow communication with a serving cell and an assisting cell has taken place and providing, from a radio network controller to a first access point providing the assisting cell, an indication of the handover.. . ... Nokia

08/31/17 / #20170251399

Link adaptation on a license assisted access carrier

In accordance with the example embodiments of the invention there is at least a method and an apparatus to perform determining, by the network node, an occurrence of collisions in a communication associated with the network device of the communication network, where the determining is using a sensing threshold; and based on the determined occurrence of collisions, updating an outer-loop link adaptation offset of the communication.. . ... Nokia

08/31/17 / #20170251377

Method and system for neighbor tier determination

A computer-implemented method for determining a neighbor tier relationship between first and second cells in a wireless communications network that includes a plurality of cell sites includes establishing respective cell site shapes for the plurality of cell sites including the first and second cells, each shape representing a coverage area of a corresponding cell site, establishing cell shapes for the cells of the plurality of cell sites, determining a tier relationship between the first and second cells based on a number of cell polygons between the first and second cells, and storing the tier relationship in a memory. The tier relationship may be used to support various cellular activities such as anr and reuse code disambiguation routines.. ... Nokia

08/31/17 / #20170251031

Mute call detection in a communication network system

Information on a connection status between a user equipment which accesses a core network of a communication net work system via a radio access network of the communication network system, and the core network is acquired (s21). From the information on the connection status it is determined (s22) whether or not data packets should be communicated between the user equipment and the core network. ... Nokia

08/31/17 / #20170250917

Chaining of network service functions in a communication network

In an apparatus of a communication network first packets of a data flow in a first direction are acquired, each having a first service chain identifier identifying a first chain of services which have been applied to the first packets in the first direction of the data flow. The first service chain identifier represents a classification result of classification functions used for selecting the first chain of services. ... Nokia

08/31/17 / #20170250903

Control of communication using service function chaining

An apparatus including at least one processing circuitry, and at least one memory for storing instructions to be executed by the processing circuitry, wherein the at least one memory and the instructions are configured to, with the at least one processing circuitry, cause the apparatus at least: to acquire generic service policy rules to be applied to a communication of a service data flow in a communication network, wherein the generic service policy rules are to be used for routing a service data flow to and within at least one external service function or at least one external service function chain; and to provide, to an external service function providing side, the acquired generic service policy rules as information related to an intended usage of at least one external service function or at least one external service function chain in a service data flow communicated in a communication network.. . ... Nokia

08/31/17 / #20170250902

Control of communication using service function chaining

An apparatus including at least one processing circuitry, and at least one memory for storing instructions to be executed by the processing circuitry, wherein the at least one memory and the instructions are configured to, with the at least one processing circuitry, cause the apparatus at least: to acquire data indicating at least one available external service function or at least one external service function chain via a predetermined interface, to decide whether at least one of the indicated at least one external service function or at least one external service function chain is usable in a communication of a service data flow in the communication network, to select at least one from the indicated at least one external service function or at least one external service function chain for use on the basis of the decision whether at least one of the advertised at least one external service function or external service function chain is usable in a communication of a service data flow, and to provide, to an external service function providing side, information related to an intended usage of at least one external service function or at least one external service function chain in a service data flow communicated in a communication network. Implements service function chaining and cloud bursting.. ... Nokia

08/31/17 / #20170250866

Method, apparatus and system for changing a network based on received network information

There is provided a method, said method comprising receiving network information, using said network information to determine whether a change to a network is required, and if so, using said network information to determine at least one cause of a change to the network being required and providing, in dependence of the at least one cause, at least one option for at least one change to said network.. . ... Nokia

08/31/17 / #20170250827

Trust anchor update in a public key infrastructure

There are provided measures for trust anchor update in a public key infrastructure. Such measures exemplarily comprise, for managing, in a network utilizing authentication based on certificates for secure connections between end entities, an update from an old trusted anchor certificate to a new trusted anchor certificate, wherein each of said trusted anchor certificates is a root point of a chain of certificates, providing, for a pre-migration period, said old trusted anchor certificate as valid, providing, for a migration period, said old trusted anchor certificate and said new trusted anchor certificate, coincidentally, as valid, and providing, for a post-migration period, said new trusted anchor certificate as valid.. ... Nokia

08/31/17 / #20170250747

Time-and/or frequency-domain coordinated scheduling & beamforming

It is provided a method, including coupling respective portions of a transmission resource to fixed beams in a 1:1 relationship such that the portions coupled to different fixed beams do not overlap, wherein the transmission resource is foreseen for transmission by the cell, each of the fixed beams is defined by a fixed beam weight vector, and a number of the fixed beams is predefined and equal to or larger than 2; allocating one of the fixed beams and the portion of the transmission resource coupled to the one of the fixed beams to a terminal; configuring a transmitting device to transmit to the terminal in the fixed beam and the portion of the transmission resource allocated to the terminal.. . ... Nokia

08/31/17 / #20170250704

Improving communication efficiency

There is provided a method for uplink data compression, the method including transforming a signal from a time-domain presentation into a frequency-domain presentation, selecting a group of adjacent frequency bins from the frequency-domain presentation, generating a floating point number representation from values of the group of adjacent frequency bins, wherein the floating point number representation includes a mantissa for each of the frequency bins' values of the group of adjacent frequency bins, and wherein the floating point number representation further includes a common exponent shared between the mantissas, and outputting the mantissas of the floating point number representation, and the value of the common exponent shared between the mantissas of the floating point number representation.. . ... Nokia

08/31/17 / #20170250678

Tuning of filters

There is provided a method, including obtaining information indicating at least one reference characteristic; obtaining input data, the input data relating to the output of the tunable filter; determining, based on the input data, at least one characteristic of the tunable filter; upon detecting that the at least one determined characteristic does not match with the at least one reference characteristic, determining tuning instructions for the tunable filter; and applying the tuning instructions in adjusting the tunable filter.. . ... Nokia

08/31/17 / #20170250413

A method forming a graphene oxide-reduced graphene oxide junction

A method including a deposition step comprising depositing a layer of graphene oxide; a deposition step including selectively exposing a region of the deposited graphene oxide layer to electromagnetic radiation to form a region of reduced graphene oxide adjacent to a neighbouring region of unexposed graphene oxide, the graphene oxide and adjacent reduced graphene oxide regions forming a junction therebetween to produce a graphene oxide-reduced graphene oxide junction layer; and repeating the deposition and exposure steps for one or more further respective layers of graphene oxide, over an underlying graphene oxide-reduced graphene oxide junction layer, to produce an apparatus in which the respective junctions of the graphene oxide-reduced graphene oxide layers, when considered together, extend in the third dimension.. . ... Nokia

08/31/17 / #20170250412

Apparatus and associated methods for electrical storage

An apparatus including a first electrode, a second electrode and an electrolyte, the first electrode including graphene oxide and configured to generate protons in the presence of water to produce a potential difference between the first and second electrodes, the electrolyte configured to enable the generated protons to flow from the first electrode to the second electrode when the first and second electrodes are connected by an external circuit, wherein the electrolyte includes a room-temperature ionic fluid configured to absorb water from the surrounding environment and deliver said water to the first electrode to facilitate the generation of protons.. . ... Nokia

08/31/17 / #20170249035

Ad-hoc connection between electronic devices

The invention relates to a method of creating an ad-hoc connection between two electronic devices. In order to enable a particularly user-friendly creation of such a connection, it is proposed that a first device detects a hugging state between the first device and a second device, in which the first device and the second device are in close vicinity and a piece of information is received at the first device directly from the second device. ... Nokia

08/31/17 / #20170248442

System, method and apparatus for cumulative sensing

In accordance with an example embodiment of the present invention, a system is disclosed. The system includes a sensing unit adapted to perform measurement of a parameter and produce an electrical signal based on the measurement; a memristive unit electrically coupled to the sensing unit and adapted to receive the produced electrical signal from the sensing unit, wherein the memristive unit is further adapted to produce a cumulative value of the received electrical signal over time; and a processing unit electrically coupled to the memristive unit and adapted to receive the produced cumulative value from the memristive unit, wherein the processing unit is further adapted to digitize the received cumulative value. ... Nokia

08/24/17 / #20170245310

Low latency service connection setup in new service area

Communication systems may benefit from connection setup improvements. For example, fifth generation communication systems may benefit from low latency service connection setup for 5g network terminal in new service areas. ... Nokia

08/24/17 / #20170245285

Method, apparatus, and computer program product for wireless short-range communication channel selection

An example embodiment enables wireless devices to adapt their channel maps when initiating connection to avoid interference, comprising receiving, by an apparatus, wireless device discovery messages from one or more other wireless devices in wireless networks not connected to the apparatus, one or more of the received wireless discovery messages including channel information indicating status of one or more channels; creating, by the apparatus, a channel map that is at least partly based on the status of the one more channels indicated in the received one or more wireless device discovery messages; and selecting, by the apparatus, channels for setting up wireless communication with another wireless device, the channels being selected at least partly based on the channel map created by the apparatus.. . ... Nokia

08/24/17 / #20170245092

Controlling audio rendering

A method comprising: displaying a spatio-temporal graph that visually indicates the positions of a sound object at each time in a range of times and, in addition, simultaneously indicates a state of the sound object over the range of times; enabling user adaptation of the spatio-temporal graph to change a position of the sound object during at least a portion of the range of times and/or a state of the sound object over at least a portion of the range of times; and enabling rendering of spatial audio output using the position and state of the sound object indicated by the adapted spatio-temporal graph.. . ... Nokia

08/24/17 / #20170245053

Spatial audio apparatus

An apparatus comprising: an input configured to receive at least one audio signal from a further apparatus; an input configured to receive at least one audio signal associated with the apparatus; an orientation/location determiner configured to determine a relative orientation/location difference between the apparatus and the further apparatus; an audio processor configured to process the at least one audio signal from the further apparatus based on the relative orientation/location difference between the apparatus and the further apparatus; and a combiner configured to combine the at least one audio signal from the further apparatus having been processed and the at least one audio signal associated with the apparatus.. . ... Nokia

08/24/17 / #20170244806

Method, apparatus and system for son coordination depending on son function priority

There is provided a method comprising receiving at least one request from a first function instance of a self-organising network, comparing said first function instance and a second function instance effective in the self-organising network to determine whether the first function instance and the second function instance overlap, and, characterised by, receiving operational stage information of the first function instance and if the first function instance and the second function instance overlap using said operational stage information in determining which of the first and second function instance to nm in dependence on which of the first function instance and the second function instance has higher priority and causing the determined instance to be run.. . ... Nokia

08/24/17 / #20170244639

Throughput guidance based on user plane insight

Communication systems may benefit from more accurate information regarding the passage of data through a network. For example, certain wireless communication systems may benefit from throughput guidance based on user plane insight and optional radio channel information. ... Nokia

08/24/17 / #20170244520

Acknowledgement of a range of sequence numbers

Group acknowledgement of a range of consecutive sequence numbers associated with non-received data. The acknowledgement includes indication of at least one endpoint of the range. ... Nokia

08/24/17 / #20170244519

Pmi selection

A method for selecting a precoding matrix indicator that optimizes a retransmission is disclosed. The method comprises causing a transmission initially, with an initial rank, on two codewords, by a base station to at least one user equipment in a wireless network. ... Nokia

08/24/17 / #20170243490

Apparatuses, methods and computer programs for controlling road user acknowledgement

Apparatuses, computer programs and methods are provided. A method includes causing display on an autonomous or semi-autonomous vehicle of a dynamic sign acknowledging the presence of at least one road user.. ... Nokia

08/24/17 / #20170243026

Method and apparatus for enforcing data privacy

An approach for maintaining user privacy information is described. A privacy management platform determines a request, from one or more applications, for access to local data associated with a device. ... Nokia

08/24/17 / #20170242968

Method and apparatus for configuration for monitoring patient information

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided to facilitate reconfiguration of a patient monitoring device. In one method, an indication of an anticipated utilization of a patient monitoring device for which the patient monitoring device is not configured is received. ... Nokia

08/24/17 / #20170239927

Apparatus and associated methods

A thin film manipulator comprising: a porous thin film manipulator interface with a chamber surface and an opposing thin film surface, the porous thin film manipulator interface having a through-thickness porosity to allow a fluid to be used to develop a pressure difference between the chamber surface and the opposing thin film surface; and a plurality of chambers positioned laterally across the chamber surface of the porous thin film manipulator interface, the plurality of chambers configured to allow: progressive removal of fluid laterally across the interface to provide a lateral pressure gradient which progressively decreases the pressure laterally across the thin film surface to progressively hold a thin film at the thin film surface and/or progressive application of fluid laterally across the interface to provide a lateral pressure gradient which progressively increases the pressure laterally across the thin film surface to progressively release an adhered thin film from the thin film surface.. . ... Nokia

08/24/17 / #20170238885

Intra-oral x-ray detection

An intra-oral system comprising: an x-ray detector configured to detect extra-orally applied x-rays; and a saliva fluid sensing sub-system configured to sense saliva fluid within the oral cavity.. . ... Nokia

08/17/17 / #20170238311

Synchronous licensed assisted access

A method including forming a reservation signal including a first part and a second part; and transmitting the reservation signal by a base station in a first cell on a channel during a portion of a first subframe until start of a next following subframe. The first part is configured to reserve the channel between the base station and a user equipment (ue). ... Nokia

08/17/17 / #20170238308

Method and device for processing uplink control data in a wireless network

A method and device for processing data in a wireless communication network is provided, where at least two resource pools for an uplink control channel are provided for mobile terminals for a geographical area, and where the mobile terminals in the geographical area uses at least one of the at least two resource pools for the uplink control channel. In addition, a corresponding device and system are suggested.. ... Nokia

08/17/17 / #20170238257

Method and apparatus for reducing energy consumption

A method and apparatus may include activating, by a network node, power of a global-positioning-system receiver or power of an active antenna of the global-positioning-system receiver. The apparatus uses the global-positioning-system receiver to perform synchronization of the apparatus. ... Nokia

08/17/17 / #20170238252

Enabling power efficient dual connectivity with reduced delay impact

In accordance with the exemplary embodiments of the invention there is at least an apparatus and method to receive from a first access node an indication of a communication required by a second access node with the user equipment, where the user equipment is connected to both the first access node and the second access node; and in response to the indication, trigger at the user equipment a connectivity operation with the second access node. In accordance with the exemplary embodiments of the invention there is at least an apparatus and method to receive from a second access node, by a first access node, signaling indicating that a communication is required with a user equipment by the second access node; and in response to the signaling, send by a first access node to the user equipment a command to monitor a connection with the second access node for the required communication.. ... Nokia

08/17/17 / #20170238247

Method and apparatus for tracking idle devices

A method and apparatus can be configured to notify that the apparatus has changed a network node upon which the apparatus is camped on. The apparatus changes from camping on a first network node to camping on a second network node. ... Nokia

08/17/17 / #20170238213

Tcp connection establishment and handover

A mechanism for an apparatus in a communication network is described. The mechanism comprises receiving, from a second apparatus (a31), a message comprising an ip address of the second apparatus (a31) and an ip address of a user equipment (a11), wherein said user equipment (a11) being connected to said communication network via the second apparatus (a31); determining if a mapping table relating to the ip address of the user equipment (a11) exists or not; retrieving an ip address from the mapping table based on the ip address of the user equipment (a11) in the event the mapping table exists, wherein said ip address being associated with the ip address of the user equipment (a11) in the mapping table; if the ip address of the second apparatus (a31) is different from the retrieved ip address, sending a request to a third network element (a121) identified by the retrieved ip address to obtain tcp connection details and updating the mapping table by associating the ip address of the user equipment (a11) with the ip address of the second apparatus (a31).. ... Nokia

08/17/17 / #20170238170

Terminal, device and methods for a communication network

A mobile communication terminal, a service provider device and methods are disclosed wherein a plurality of services from a service provider is supported. According to the invention the storing of service provider settings, which are related to the service provider, in a memory location specific for the service provider is facilitated.. ... Nokia

08/17/17 / #20170238159

Method and apparatus for handling of media-based routing

Abstract: a method and apparatus can be configured to receive a first session-initiation-protocol (sip) message relating to an attempt to make a call. The method may include determining that the attempt to make the call is an attempt to make a multime-dia-messaging-emergency-services call. ... Nokia

08/17/17 / #20170238149

Network sharing for multimedia broadcast multicast service

The present invention addresses methods, apparatus and computer program product for enhanced network sharing with multimedia broadcast multicast service. Thereby, a mechanism is provided that allows for the information relating to the different ids used to be provided from a base station to a multi-cell/multicast coordination entity so that the appropriate routing can be determined. ... Nokia

08/17/17 / #20170238077

Apparatus and method for providing an apparatus comprising an audio transducer

An apparatus and method wherein the apparatus comprises: a covering portion configured to cover at least part of an electronic device; and an audio transducer; and a flexible portion comprising at least one conductive trace wherein the flexible portion is configured to connect the audio transducer to the covering portion and the at least one conductive trace is configured to electrically connect the audio transducer to circuitry within the electronic device.. . ... Nokia

08/17/17 / #20170237835

Ipv4 communications using 6lowpan header compression mechanisms

Methods and apparatus, including computer program products, are provided for communications. In one aspect there is provided a method. ... Nokia

08/17/17 / #20170237831

Compressing/decompressing frequency domain signals

Various communication systems may benefit from improved bandwidth compression techniques. For example, certain communication systems may benefit from a radio fronthaul traffic compression on a frequency domain data. ... Nokia

08/17/17 / #20170237782

Ims restoration support for temporary gruu

The present invention provides apparatuses, methods, computer programs, computer program products and computer-readable media regarding ims (internet protocol multimedia subsystem) restoration support for temporary gruu (globally routable user agent uniform resource identifier). Certain aspects of the present invention include creating, at a registrar, a registration identified by a registration identifier, and storing, by the registrar, the registration identifier, a call identifier and an initial command sequence related to the registration identified by the registration identifier in a persistent database during the registration.. ... Nokia

08/17/17 / #20170237081

A method of forming a graphene oxide-reduced graphene oxide junction

An apparatus including a first electrode including a substantially homogeneous mixture of graphene oxide and a proton conductor; a second electrode including reduced graphene oxide; and spaced-apart charge collectors for the respective first and second electrodes, wherein the first and second electrodes extend from their respective charge collectors towards one another to form a junction at an interface there between, and wherein the substantially homogeneous mixture of the first electrode is configured to be sufficiently hydrophobic to prevent intermixing of the homogeneous mixture with the reduced graphene oxide of the second electrode in proximity to one or both of the respective charge collectors to prevent short circuiting of the spaced-apart charge collectors.. . ... Nokia

08/17/17 / #20170236957

Apparatus and method of forming an apparatus comprising a two dimensional material

A method and apparatus, the method comprising: forming first electrode portions on a substrate; providing a sheet of two dimensional material overlaying at least part of the first electrode portions; forming second electrode portions on a superstrate; positioning the superstrate overlaying the substrate so that the second electrode portions are aligned with the first electrode portions; and laminating the substrate and the superstrate together so that the sheet of two dimensional material is positioned between the aligned first electrode portions and the second electrode portions.. . ... Nokia

08/17/17 / #20170236636

Low crosstalk magnetic devices

In one aspect there is an apparatus. The apparatus may include an electronic circuit that generates a first magnetic field from a current in the electronic circuit. ... Nokia

08/17/17 / #20170236050

An apparatus and method comprising an antenna for radio communication and energy storage device

An apparatus comprising: one or more cells, each cell comprising: a proton conductor (25) configured to conduct proton charge carriers; an electron conductor region (26) configured to conduct electrons; a first electrode (27) associated with one of the proton conductor region (26) and the electron conductor region (26); and a second electrode (28) associated with the other of the proton conductor region (25) and the electron conduction region (26); an antenna (50), wherein at least a portion of the antenna (50) is configured to provide at least some of the first electrode(s) (27) of the one or more cells; and circuitry (80) configured to be powered via second electrode(s) (28) of the one or more cells in electrical parallel, wherein the circuitry (80) is configured to operably connect to the antenna (50). An apparatus comprising: an antenna (50) comprising an antenna element (52) and a ground plane (54); and an energy storage device (20); wherein the ground plane (54) provides an electrode of the energy storage device (20).. ... Nokia

08/17/17 / #20170235146

An apparatus and method for providing an image

An apparatus and method wherein the apparatus includes an image source; an exit pupil configured to be positioned proximate to an eye of a user to enable a user to view an image from the image source; and a plurality of grating areas between the image source and the exit pupil wherein the plurality of grating areas are configured to direct beams of light from the image source to the exit pupil; wherein the image source is configured to be moved relative to the plurality of grating areas to control the position of the exit pupil relative to the eye of the user.. . ... Nokia

08/10/17 / #20170231026

Local breakout in small cell architecture

. . A primary connection to a user terminal configured to operate using dual connectivity is maintained. A first control interface is maintained to a first radio node maintaining a secondary connection to the user terminal configured to operate using dual connectivity, the first radio node providing a local gateway for the user terminal. ... Nokia

08/10/17 / #20170231018

Ipv6 interface id filter using a single pdn connection

It is provided a method, comprising monitoring if a second data path is established for a flow, wherein a first internet protocol address is configured for the flow via a first data path between an apparatus performing the method and a packet data network; assigning, if the second data path is established, a second internet protocol address different from the first internet protocol address for the flow via the second data path, wherein at least a part of the first data path belongs to a radio access technology; at least a part of the second data path belongs to the radio access technology; and the part of the first data path is different from the part of the second data path.. . ... Nokia

08/10/17 / #20170231007

Inhibition mechanism for device-to-device (d2d) communication

An example method includes generating, by a first user device, a first number representing a contention resolution priority for the first user device contending for at least one first resource over a first data period for transmitting a packet of data in a device-to-device (d2d) wireless network, determining if a second device, in the d2d wireless network, is contending for resources overlapping with the at least one first resource of the first data period, if the second device is contending for resources overlapping with the at least one first resource of the first data period, determining if a second number representing a contention resolution priority for the second user device is greater than the first number, and if the second number is greater than the first number, inhibiting the first user device from communicating using the at least one first resource of the first data period.. . ... Nokia

08/10/17 / #20170230802

Position determination of network elements and user equipment in indoor environment

Determination of the position of devices may be useful in various communication systems. For example, wireless communication systems that support emergency services may benefit from being able to make a vertical position determination of user equipment and/or network elements within a building or in other indoor environments, such as caves. ... Nokia

08/10/17 / #20170230232

Son for dual connectivity

It is provided a method, including detecting an occurrence of a link failure of a link to a secondary cell, wherein, before the occurrence of the link failure, an apparatus performing the method is connected in dual connectivity to the secondary cell via the link and to a master cell different from the secondary cell; informing the master cell on the link failure by a report if the occurrence of the link failure is detected.. . ... Nokia

08/10/17 / #20170230188

Physical unclonable function

Apparatus, electronic device, system and method comprising a first element (102) configured to receive a first signal and convert the first signal to a second signal, a second element (104) configured to relay the second signal to a third element (106, 108), the third element (106, 108) being configured to convert the second signal to a third signal and to send the third signal; wherein the first element (102) is configured to convert the first signal to the second signal in such a way that the conversion is dependent on the physio-chemical structure of at least part of the first element (102). In some embodiments the first element comprises a photoacoustic sensor comprising at least one graphene layer, the second element comprises a mechanical wave transmission line, and the third element comprises carbon nanotube antennas.. ... Nokia

08/10/17 / #20170230147

Method and apparatus for implementing a retransmission scheme

A method and apparatus may include transmitting a first transmission to a user equipment. The first transmission is transmitted using a first hybrid-automatic-repeat-request process. ... Nokia

08/10/17 / #20170228937

Method and apparatus for rendering a location-based user interface

An approach is provided for enabling a pleasing lightweight transition between two more complete renderings of content associated with a location based service. A device is caused to present the first rendering of a graphical user interface based on location information of a three-dimensional model or models, panoramic image data, etc. ... Nokia

08/10/17 / #20170228924

Method, apparatus and computer program for obtaining images

A method, apparatus and computer program wherein the method comprises: obtaining a three dimensional image of an object; obtaining a two dimensional image of at least a part of the object; mapping the two dimensional image onto the three dimensional image to identify the location of the part of the object in the two dimensional image within the three dimensional image; and enabling an indication of the identified location within the three dimensional image to be provided to a user.. . ... Nokia

08/10/17 / #20170227964

Vehicle control

Apparatuses, computer programs and methods are provided. A first method includes responding to user input, at a wearable user input device, by causing transmission of a radio frequency signal includes a request from a pedestrian wearer of the wearable user input device. ... Nokia

08/10/17 / #20170227841

Camera devices with a large field of view for stereo imaging

The invention relates to a camera device. The camera device has a view direction and comprises a plurality of cameras, at least one central camera and at least two peripheral cameras. ... Nokia

08/03/17 / #20170223759

Wireless communication devices

A telecommunication network is described in which information relating to access to resources such as the world wide web, may be transferred between wireless communication terminals at least one of which is a client of a server connected to the network and providing access to the resources. A method of transfer and a terminal suitable therefor are described.. ... Nokia

08/03/17 / #20170223662

Method and apparatus for enhancing broadcast service

A method and apparatus can be configured to receive an indication for support for a broadcast service enhancement layer from a first network node. The method may also comprise transmitting the indication for support for the broadcast service enhancement layer to a second network node. ... Nokia

08/03/17 / #20170223616

Network operator assisted connectivity over a second network

There is provided a method including determining, from a plurality of groups of access points, a group of a detected access point, each group having at least one property different from another group and using threshold information associated with the determined group to determine whether to connect to a network using said detected access point.. . ... Nokia

08/03/17 / #20170223596

Radio access network controlled access of user equipment to wireless communication

The present invention provides apparatuses, methods, computer programs, computer program products and computer-readable media regarding radio access network (ran) controlled access of user equipment (ue) to wireless communication networks. The method includes receiving, at a base station or controller of a cellular communication network, a request to offload traffic to a wireless communication network from an access point of the wireless communication network regarding user equipment served by the base station or controller, determining, at the base station or controller, whether to permit the user equipment to offload traffic to the wireless communication network, and transmitting a message indicating whether it is permitted to offload traffic to the access point of the wireless communication network.. ... Nokia

08/03/17 / #20170223582

Method and apparatus for identifier signaling

A method and apparatus can be configured to attach to a first network. The first network may use a first radio-access technology. ... Nokia

08/03/17 / #20170223557

Signaling physical cell identifier problems

The present invention provides apparatuses, methods, computer programs, computer program products and computer-readable media regarding signaling physical cell identifier problems. Certain aspects of the present invention include receiving, at a network node, information regarding a suspected identifier problem from a first base station, the information indicating the suspected identifier problem between the first base station and a second base station, and analyzing the suspected identifier problem based on the received information.. ... Nokia

08/03/17 / #20170223515

Method and apparatus for supporting an emergency call service in an ip multimedia subsystem session during handover

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided to facilitate the handover from a packet switched network to a circuit switched network while an internet protocol (ip) multimedia subsystem (ims) session is ongoing. In the context of a method, a notification is received of the handover from a packet switched network to a circuit switched network while an ims session is ongoing. ... Nokia

08/03/17 / #20170223373

Motion prediction in video coding

There is disclosed apparatuses, methods and computer programs for utilizing motion prediction in video coding. A block of pixels of a video representation encoded in a bitstream is read, and a type of the block is determined. ... Nokia

08/03/17 / #20170222951

Method and apparatus for implementing an adaptive coexistence scheme

A method and apparatus may include adapting transmission opportunities of the first network node. A radio-technology of the apparatus coexists with at least one other radio-access technology of a network node. ... Nokia

08/03/17 / #20170222773

Inter-cell interference coordination in heterogeneous networks

There are provided measures for inter-cell interference coordination in heterogeneous networks. Such measures exemplarily include determining a strongest interfering macro cell access node, said strongest interfering macro cell access node operating in time based subframes, wherein said subframes include almost blank transmission subframes during which said strongest interfering macro cell access node is muted and active transmission subframes during which said strongest interfering macro cell access node is transmitting, reporting said strongest interfering macro cell access node, and receiving a transmission in a subframe, wherein a control parameter of said transmission is set based on whether said subframe corresponds to an almost blank transmission subframe of said strongest interfering macro cell access node or to an active transmission subframe of said strongest interfering macro cell access node.. ... Nokia

08/03/17 / #20170222703

Radio frequency beamforming basis function feedback

Methods, apparatuses, systems, and computer program products for obtaining full channel knowledge between each transmitter and each receiver when using radio frequency (rf) beamforming are provided. One method described herein includes a method of obtaining channel knowledge at a transmitter with q transmit antennas for use in beamforming where the transmitter transmits sounding waveforms from b orthogonal basis functions from a transmit array comprised of the q transmit antennas. ... Nokia

08/03/17 / #20170220827

Apparatus and methods for enabling information to be read from a touch screen apparatus

An apparatus and method and electronic device, the apparatus comprising: a memory element configured to store information; a switching element coupled to the memory element; wherein the switching element is configured to be switched from a first state to a second state in response to an input signal provided by a capacitive touch screen and wherein when the switching element is in the second state the information can be read from the memory element by the capacitive touch screen.. . ... Nokia

07/27/17 / #20170215180

Allocation of communication resources

The disclosure relates to the allocation of resources for wireless communications. An index for an uplink control resource is determined in accordance with a predefined rule. ... Nokia

07/27/17 / #20170215115

Devices, methods and computer program products for an improved handover in inter-site carrier aggregation scenarios

A device communicates with a terminal in association with at least a first other device, using at least two carriers, wherein at least a first carrier towards the terminal is established from the device and at least a second carrier is established towards the terminal from the first other device. The device receives a report indicative of a connection quality of the first carrier, responsive thereto issues a request for handover of the first carrier towards a second device, sends relocation information in relation to the first carrier towards the first other device, and only after sending that relocation information, commands the terminal to perform a handover of the first carrier to the second device. ... Nokia

07/27/17 / #20170214694

A security and trust framework for virtualized networks

A framework, apparatus, system and method for realizing security and trust management for virtualized networks. A computing platform for implementation in a networking device of a virtualized network comprises a root-trusted module layer, which includes a root trust module for providing root trust; and a middleware layer, which includes system-level components configured to manage security and trust of virtualized network functions by verifying, establishing or maintaining trust with regard to the virtualized network functions based on the root trust. ... Nokia

07/27/17 / #20170214592

Method of controlling user equipment communication with a network and corresponding apparatus and computer program product

There is provided a method comprising receiving first network connection information for at least one user equipment in a cell of a second network and using said connection information to determine whether to adjust at least one threshold value, said threshold value used to control user equipment communication with the first network.. . ... Nokia

07/27/17 / #20170214559

Transmission/reception of a partial sc-fdm symbol

A method is disclosed for signal processing in a radio system. The method comprises generating (801), in an apparatus (602), a single carrier frequency division multiplexing sc-fdm signal having a shorter duration than a time symbol duration defined by a radio standard applied in the radio system. ... Nokia

07/27/17 / #20170214440

Limited waterfilling: a method to adjust the transmit power for eigenvalue based beamforming

An apparatus and a method are disclosed by which transmit power for each antenna element of an antenna array for beamforming is determined by determining a weight vector including a weight for each antenna element according to a specific beamforming procedure, it is detected whether at least one of the plurality of antenna elements is saturated, wherein an antenna element is saturated when the determined transmit power for this antenna element is higher than a threshold, and, when it is detected that there is at least one saturated antenna element, the transmit power for each antenna element of the antenna array is adjusted such that a part of the transmit power allocated to the at least one saturated antenna element is allocated to at least one antenna element of the antenna array which is not saturated based on the weight vector determined according to the specific beamforming procedure.. . ... Nokia

07/27/17 / #20170213565

Apparatus, methods and computer programs for encoding and decoding audio signals

A method, apparatus and computer program wherein the method comprises: obtaining a beamforming signal using respective signals from a first microphone and a second microphone; reducing the data size of the beamforming signal by grouping the beamforming signal into frequency bands and obtaining a data value for each of the frequency bands; and forming a bit stream comprising at least the reduced size beamforming signal and the signal from the first microphone wherein the bit stream enables parameters of a beamed audio channel to be controlled.. . ... Nokia

07/20/17 / #20170208514

Controlling radio measurements of a user equipment within a cellular network system

A method is provided for controlling radio measurements of a user equipment within a cellular network system served by a cell of a first cell type characteristic, the cell being assigned to a base station, wherein the cellular network system comprises the cell and at least one further cell of a second cell type characteristic, the method including providing a configuration to the user equipment indicative for parameters to be applied for radio measurements including different parameters being assigned to different cell type characteristics for a same frequency, and controlling the radio measurements of the user equipment based on the provided configuration, wherein the configuration comprises a list comprising information of the at least one further cell and an associated cell type characteristic of the at least one further cell, and wherein the list comprises information about a plurality of neighboring cells and associated cell types characteristics.. . ... Nokia

07/20/17 / #20170208491

Minimization of drive tests in dual connectivity scenario

A method and apparatus can be configured to receive, by a first network node (for example, a first base station), a minimization-of-drive-test activation command. The method may also comprise performing collection of a first minimization-of-drive-test data. ... Nokia

07/20/17 / #20170208483

Monitoring and optimizing of control channel usage

A method comprising monitoring whether or not an allocation of uplink communication resources on a primary cell of a communication network is successful for a communication element to be scheduled on a downlink channel of at least one secondary cell of the communication network, and incrementing at least one counter according to the monitoring result.. . ... Nokia

07/20/17 / #20170208473

Method and apparatus for securing timing packets over untrusted packet transport network

Methods, devices, systems, techniques, and computer program products are provided to secure timing synchronization to network nodes connected over an inherently insecure best effort public network with mechanisms to improve accuracy of timing protocols such as a statistically estimated edge timestamp offset encoded into the timing message to account for network jitter and processing latency variances incurred due to the security packet processing and encryption; to ensure slave network nodes shall only accept timing messages from trusted timing sources; to establish a secure tunnel with a trusted timing source for exchange of timing packets; to provide authentication and security for timing packets over the insecure public network; and to enhance message anonymity with variable payload padding.. . ... Nokia

07/20/17 / #20170208234

Method and apparatus for detecting imaging conditions

Embodiments of the present invention relate to a method and apparatus for detecting an imaging condition. In one embodiment, there is provided a method for detecting an imaging condition. ... Nokia

07/20/17 / #20170208162

Speaker back cavity

An apparatus including a sound transducer; and a housing having the sound transducer connected thereto. The housing forms a substantially sealed air space back cavity acoustically coupled to the sound transducer. ... Nokia

07/20/17 / #20170207969

Methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for facilitating synchronization of setting configurations

A method, apparatus, and computer program product are provided for facilitating synchronization of setting configurations. An apparatus may include a processor and a memory storing instructions that when executed by the processor cause the apparatus to configure a setting on the apparatus. ... Nokia

07/20/17 / #20170207938

Coverage optimization with fractional bandwidth

It is provided a method, comprising modulating a carrier signal based on a group of input bits comprising n input bits with n=1, 2, 3, . . ... Nokia

07/20/17 / #20170207921

Access to a node

According to an example aspect of the present invention, there is provided an apparatus comprising at least one memory and the computer program code being configured to, with the at least one processing core, cause the apparatus at least to offer a network-based service, determine whether the apparatus is reachable from a public network, responsive to determining the apparatus is not reachable from the public network, establish a tunnel connection with a relay server, and participate in a cryptographic handshake with a network node, wherein packets comprised in the handshake are communicated via the tunnel connection. . ... Nokia

07/20/17 / #20170206215

Method and apparatus for managing files in an online account

An approach is provided for managing files in an online account. A file access platform causes, at least in part, retrieval of a file associated with a first communication stored in an online account. ... Nokia

07/13/17 / #20170201980

Discovery signal block mapping

Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for signal block mapping are provided. One method includes configuring, by a network node (e.g., base station or enb), a group of discovery signaling blocks. ... Nokia

07/13/17 / #20170201963

Paging optimization for narrow band internet of things (nb-iot)

Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for narrow band internet of things (nb-iot) paging optimization are provided. One method includes, when extended discontinuous reception (edrx) is not configured for a user equipment (ue), applying a maximum repetition number of each coverage enhancement (ce) mode for paging transmission and associating a different repetition number with each paging occasion (po). ... Nokia

07/13/17 / #20170201915

Handover method, handover apparatus and handover system

There is provided a method comprising receiving first information at a user equipment, said first information indicative of whether a first cell supports the user equipment and starting a connection procedure to the first cell if the first information indicates that the first cell supports the user equipment, after receiving the first information.. . ... Nokia

07/13/17 / #20170201890

Method of indication of available radio resources

Various communication systems may benefit from communication between two different radio access technologies. For example, a long term evolution network may benefit from receiving resource availability information from a wireless local area network. ... Nokia

07/13/17 / #20170201849

Apparatuses and methods to introduce flexible support for services

Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products that provide flexible support for services are provided. One method includes receiving, by a network node, a request type from a user equipment, where the request type indicates types of services required by the user equipment from the network. ... Nokia

07/13/17 / #20170201609

System and method for multimodal short-cuts to digital services

A method and system for facilitating user access to services through a wireless device of a user, involves recommending to a user a subset of services from a plurality of services available to the user in which each recommended service of the subset has at least one voice short-cut associated therewith, and selecting a service to be accessed through the user's wireless device from the subset of services according to a voice command by the user corresponding to the voice short-cut of the service.. . ... Nokia

07/13/17 / #20170199623

Method, an apparatus and a computer program for controlling an output from a display of an apparatus

A method including: displaying information corresponding to a first output state, temporarily displaying information corresponding to a second output state while a user actuation is occurring; and displaying information corresponding to the first output state when the user actuation is no longer occurring.. . ... Nokia

07/06/17 / #20170196041

Method for establishing a connection between a terminal of a first type and a core network of a second type in a telecommunications network

A method for establishing a connection between a circuit-switched mobile station (ms) and a packet-switched switching element (msc). A radio network controller (rnc) receives a first initiation signal (an attach request) from the mobile station (ms) via a circuit-switched connection. ... Nokia

07/06/17 / #20170196014

Method, apparatus and system

There is provided a method including allocating, in dependence on interference information, at least one resource block group from a frequency carrier for use by one of a plurality of sets of user equipments, said frequency carrier including at least one first resource block group to be used for a first transmission mode and at least one second resource block group to be used for a second transmission mode.. . ... Nokia

07/06/17 / #20170195978

Method, apparatus and computer program

A method comprising including receiving at a user equipment first power information for transmitting to a first base station, receiving at the user equipment second power information for transmitting to a second base station, causing said user equipment to transmit to said first base station with a first power less than or equal to a first maximum power dependent on said first power information and causing said user equipment to transmit to said second base station with a second power less than or equal to a second maximum power dependent on said second power information, such that said first and second power does not exceed a total power allowed for said user equipment. . ... Nokia

07/06/17 / #20170195907

Method for triggering freestanding radio resource control report

In accordance with the example embodiments there is at least a method and apparatus to determine a measurement configuration for a mobile communication device, wherein the measurement configuration is specific to the mobile communication device; associate a reporting configuration for the mobile communication device; and send the measurement configuration and the reporting configuration to the mobile communication device to trigger the measurement and the reporting at the mobile communication device. Further, in accordance with the example embodiments there is at least a method and apparatus to receive a measurement configuration and a reporting configuration from a network node; and trigger a measurement and a measurement report based on the measurement configuration and the reporting configuration from the network.. ... Nokia

07/06/17 / #20170195906

Mbsfn measurement configuration and reporting

Methods and apparatus, including computer program products, are provided for mbsfn measurements. In one aspect there is provided a method. ... Nokia

07/06/17 / #20170195793

Apparatus, method and computer program for rendering a spatial audio output signal

A method, apparatus and computer program, the method comprising; using a first microphone and a second microphone to detect ambient noise where the first microphone is positioned at a first position within a headset and the second microphone is positioned at a second position within the headset; comparing the ambient noise detected by the first microphone to the ambient noise detected by the second microphone to determine locations of the microphones; and using the determined locations of the microphones to enable a spatial audio output signal to be rendered by the heads.. . ... Nokia

07/06/17 / #20170195665

Display of a visual representation of a view

A method comprising determining a view from a location, the view comprising visual information that is perceivable along a direction extending from the location, causing display of a visual representation of the view on a display such that the view is viewable by a user at a focal depth, determining a different view from the location, the different view comprising visual information that is perceivable along a different direction extending from the location, and causing display of a visual representation of the different view on the display such that the different view is viewable by the user at a different focal depth is disclosed.. . ... Nokia

07/06/17 / #20170195649

Method and apparatus for image processing

A method, corresponding apparatuses, and a non-transitory computer readable medium for image processing are provided. A method comprises selecting at least one reference point on a sensor illumination response curve in a sensor illumination response plane. ... Nokia

07/06/17 / #20170195560

Method and apparatus for generating a panoramic view with regions of different dimensionality

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided to generate a panoramic view in a computationally efficient manner. In regards to a method, images captured by at least three cameras are received. ... Nokia

07/06/17 / #20170193704

Causing provision of virtual reality content

This specification describes a method comprising causing provision of a first version of virtual reality content to a first user via first portable user equipment located at a first location and having a first orientation, the virtual reality content being associated with a second location and a second orientation, the first version of the virtual reality content being rendered for provision via the first user equipment in dependence on the first location relative to the second location and the first orientation relative to the second orientation.. . ... Nokia

07/06/17 / #20170193324

Method and apparatus for identifying salient subimages within a panoramic image

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided to facilitate the review of at least portions of a panoramic image and to increase the likelihood that a viewer consumes at least those portions of the panoramic image that are considered to be both interesting and of aesthetic value. In the context of a method, one or more regions within a panoramic image are identified based upon a saliency of the one or more regions. ... Nokia

07/06/17 / #20170188969

Optimized biological measurement

According to an example aspect of the present invention, there is provided an apparatus comprising a memory configured to store sensor data obtained from a person, and at least one processing core configured to perform a determination, based at least partly on the stored sensor data, concerning whether conditions are propitious to a biological measurement, and responsive to the conditions being determined to be propitious, to cause a triggering signal to be initiated concerning the biological measurement.. . ... Nokia

06/29/17 / #20170188410

Asymmetric communication

The invention is in relation to a method initiating a device discovery process communications between user terminals capable of communicating on device-to-device and cellular communications links in the cellular communications network; determining a first parameter indicating interference of transmissions from a first user terminal on a device-to-device communications link to a second user terminal; determining a second parameter indicating interference of transmissions from the first user terminal on a cellular communications link; applying, on the basis of the first parameter exceeding the second parameter, asymmetric communications between the user terminals such that transmissions from the first user terminal to the second user terminal are communicated over the cellular communications links via infrastructure of the cellular communications network and transmissions from the second user terminal to the first user terminal are communicated over the device-to-device communications link.. . ... Nokia

06/29/17 / #20170188357

Slot allocation in time division duplex systems

Various communication systems may benefit from managing signal interference. For example, certain wireless communication systems may benefit from a dynamic time division duplex system involving slot allocation. ... Nokia

06/29/17 / #20170188304

Apparatuses and methods for cell operation signalling

Apparatuses and methods for communication are provided. The solution includes receiving a message from a base station a user terminal is connected to. ... Nokia

06/29/17 / #20170188259

Distributing l2 buffer status information in 5g multi-connectivity for efficient radio scheduling

Various communication systems may benefit from having appropriate information regarding communication resources. For example, systems implementing fifth generation multi-connectivity may be able to provide efficient radio scheduling through distribution of l2 buffer status information. ... Nokia

06/29/17 / #20170188245

Method, apparatus and system for network coverage detection

A method for a telecommunications network includes: identifying a prior coverage area of a subscriber based on a location of a last communication made by the subscriber; identifying a next coverage area of the subscriber; identifying a reduced coverage area of the subscriber based on the prior coverage area and the next coverage area of the subscriber; and displaying, at an apparatus, at least one additional subscriber in the reduced coverage area.. . ... Nokia

06/29/17 / #20170188220

Proximity-based communications, network assisted device discovery

Example implementations are related to an apparatus, including: at least one processor and at least one memory including a computer program code, the at least one memory and the computer program code configured to, with the at least one processor, cause the apparatus at least to: control transmitting, by a network node, to a first user terminal instructions to carry out an uplink transmission to the network node or another network node, control transmitting to a second user device instructions to carry out a decoding process to the transmission and initiate a device-to-device communications between the first user terminal and the second user terminal, if the second user terminal is able to decode the transmission and if the second user terminal is able to provide feedback information to the first user terminal.. . ... Nokia

06/29/17 / #20170187755

Correlation of intercept related information

It is provided a method, comprising checking if a value of a main correlation identifier comprised in a first correlation message received from a first node and a value of the main correlation identifier comprised in a second correlation message received from a second node different from the first node are the same, wherein the first correlation message additionally comprises a first secondary correlation identifier, and the second correlation message additionally comprises a second secondary correlation identifier; and the method further comprises generating, if the value of the main correlation identifier comprised in the first correlation message and the value of the main correlation identifier comprised in the second correlation message are the same, a main correlation message comprising the first secondary correlation identifier.. . ... Nokia

06/29/17 / #20170185620

Method and apparatus for providing a visual indication of the copy history

A method, apparatus, and computer program product are provided to facilitate the copying of files by reducing the repeated copying of the same file and by permitting files to be stored in a coherent manner. In the context of a method, representations of each of a plurality of files that have been stored in a first storage location are caused to be presented. ... Nokia

06/29/17 / #20170184528

An apparatus and associated methods

A percolation network of functionalised reduced graphene oxide flakes, the percolation network configured to allow for hopping of charge carriers between adjacent reduced graphene oxide flakes to enable a flow of charge carriers through the percolation network, and wherein the reduced graphene oxide flakes are functionalised to facilitate detectable changes in the flow of charge carriers in response to a stimulus to the percolation network.. . ... Nokia

06/22/17 / #20170181121

Determination of the real tracking-area when dynamic-ta techniques are applied

When the operator of a mobile communication system applies one of: “dynamic tracking area list” or “smart paging” for more efficient paging, the “real” size of the tracking area, i. E., the number of cells over which a s1ap-paging is broadcasted on average, becomes difficult to calculate in real time; a method of determining tracking area size information is therefore proposed comprising: obtaining the average number of paging records per cell, and dividing it by average number of rrc-connection-setup, for terminated calls, per cell; the result is proportional to the real ta size; the obtained value is proposed as a new kpi, key performance indicator.. ... Nokia

06/22/17 / #20170180998

Border optimization in lsa

It is provided a method, comprising monitoring if a request for an optimization of a rule affecting a border of a shared resource is received from a first controller; identifying, if the request is received, a second controller having at least a part of the border in common with the first controller; informing the second controller on the request, the rule, and the part of the border.. . ... Nokia

06/22/17 / #20170180466

Allocation of transmission attempts

For a communication between two ues that passes through a network node, a total number of transmission attempts for a same set of data is divided between first and second data transmission attempt(s). The first data transmission attempt(s) are allowed to be performed from a first one of the two ues toward the network node. ... Nokia

06/22/17 / #20170180218

Integrity control in service chaining

There are provided measures for enabling/realizing integrity control in service chaining. Such measures exemplarily comprise determining a demand for integrity control for a service function of a service function entity in a service chaining scenario in which a service is provided via a service chain of a plurality of service function entities, and requesting one or more of the plurality of service function entities in the service chain other than said service function entity to report on occurrence of a specific event during provision of said service, the specific event being relevant for said service function of said service function entity, wherein at least one of the requested service function entities reports on occurrence of the specific event after detection of occurrence of the specific event during provision of said service in response to a corresponding request.. ... Nokia

06/22/17 / #20170180189

Functional status exchange between network nodes, failure detection and system functionality recovery

Determination of status of network nodes may be useful in various communication systems. For example, functional status exchange between network nodes, failure detection, and system functionality recovery may be applied in mobile and/or data communication networks. ... Nokia

06/22/17 / #20170180146

Rlc reconfiguration during cell reselection

It is provided a method, including detecting whether or not a terminal has completed a reconfiguration of a radio bearer based on a first reconfiguration message, wherein the first reconfiguration message provides a first configuration of a first radio bearer in a first cell; detecting whether or not a cell update message is received from the terminal, wherein the cell update message indicates that the terminal has performed a cell update from the first cell to a second cell different from the first cell; triggering, if the terminal has not completed the reconfiguration and the cell update message is received, providing a second reconfiguration message to the terminal, wherein the second reconfiguration message provides a second configuration of a second radio bearer in the second cell.. . ... Nokia

06/22/17 / #20170178353

Method, apparatus and computer program product for image-driven cost volume aggregation

In an example embodiment, a method, apparatus and computer program product are provided. The method includes computing a cost volume associated with a reference image. ... Nokia

06/22/17 / #20170177972

Method for analysing media content

A method for operating a computer graphic system, the method comprising: inputting a media content object (mco) into a feature extractor comprising semantic abstraction levels; extracting feature maps from said mco on each of the semantic layers; selecting at least a portion of the mco to be analysed; determining, based on the analysis of the feature maps from the portion of the mco and the analysis of a previous state of a recognition unit, one or more feature maps selected from the feature maps of the semantic layers; determining a weight for each feature map; repeating the determining steps n times, each time processing, based on the analysis, each feature map by applying the corresponding weight; inputting said processed feature maps to the recognition unit; and analysing a number of said processed feature maps until a prediction about the portion of the mco is output.. . ... Nokia

06/22/17 / #20170176380

Field-effect sensor and associated methods

An apparatus comprising: a first layer (512) configured to enable a flow of charge carriers from a source electrode (505) to a drain electrode (506); a second layer (513) configured to generate a voltage in response to a physical stimulus, the second layer (513) positioned so that the generated voltage can affect the conductance of the first layer (512); and a third layer (514) positioned between the first (512) and second (513) layers to prevent a flow of charge carriers therebetween. The third layer (514) comprises a material configured to form electric double-layers (516, 517) at the interfaces with the first (512) and second (513) layers in response to the generated voltage. ... Nokia

06/15/17 / #20170171823

System coordinated wlan scanning

The invention proposes a scan control device, wherein in the scan operation a network detection is performed, the device comprising a request receiving means for receiving at least one request for providing scan information, and a scan control means for performing a scan operation independently from receiving the scan information requests. The invention also proposes a corresponding method and a computer program product.. ... Nokia

06/15/17 / #20170171801

Distributed implementation of self-organizing tracking areas

An example technique may include determining, by a first base station in a wireless network, a user device has transitioned from an active state to an idle state, determining, by the first base station, a list of base stations and a list of cells corresponding to the list of base stations representing a tracking area for the user device based on a signal received from at least one second base station, the signal received from the at least one second base station including an indication of an amount of activity on at least one boundary between the at least one second base station and a plurality of third base stations, and controlling sending, from the first base station to the user device, a signal including at least one of the list of base stations and the list of cells as a tracking area for the user device.. . ... Nokia

06/15/17 / #20170171777

Method of wlan mobility set construction

A method of wlan mobility set construction for mitigating the loss of data when a user equipment leaves a wlan. A base station determines a location of and/or a mobility set for a user equipment in lte-wlan aggregation mode capable of communicating with an lte cellular network and a wireless local area network. ... Nokia

06/15/17 / #20170171714

Positioning of mobile device

There is provided a solution for detecting and filtering inaccurate measurement results used for positioning a mobile device. A method comprises as performed by an apparatus: determining locations of a plurality of fixed positioning nodes; receiving a measurement report from a mobile device, the measurement report comprising a plurality of measurement values measured by the mobile device, wherein each measurement value comprises a reference signal time difference indicating a radio propagation time difference between the mobile device and two different positioning nodes; determining, on the basis of threshold comparison, that at least one of the plurality of measurement values is associated with an inaccurate measurement; modifying, autonomously by the apparatus, said at least one of the plurality of measurement values; and computing a location of the mobile device on the basis of a plurality of measurement values resulting from said modifying.. ... Nokia

06/15/17 / #20170171068

Ultra high-speed mobile network based on layer-2-switching

Ultra high-speed mobile network based on layer-2 switching the present invention provides apparatuses, methods, computer programs, computer program products and computer-readable media regarding ultra high-speed mobile network based on layer-2 switching. Certain aspects of the present invention include receiving, at a first gateway, a data packet from a first host served by the first gateway destined to a second host served by a second gateway, the data packet having a header comprising a layer 3 destination address of the second host and a broadcast layer 2 destination address, searching, by the first gateway, a flow table stored in the first gateway for an identity of the second gateway associated with the layer 3 destination address of the second host, if the identity is found in the flow table, replacing the broadcast layer 2 destination address with the identity of the second gateway serving the second host, and transmitting the data packet to the second gateway.. ... Nokia

06/15/17 / #20170170998

Pre-combiner interference removal

Interference may affect numerous communication systems. Thus, certain wireless communication systems that rely on combining transmitted repetitions of information may benefit from interference removal techniques, such as those that provide pre-combiner interference removal. ... Nokia

06/15/17 / #20170170888

Interference reduction

There is provided a method, including obtaining, by a network apparatus, antenna sensing information with respect to signals received by a base station operating under a shared access-system which allows a licensee system to apply at least a part of an shared access spectrum which is currently unused by an incumbent system; detecting, on the basis of the antenna sensing information, that at least one device of the incumbent system is communicating on the shared access spectrum in the coverage area of the base station; identifying the angular sector in which the device of the incumbent system is located with respect to the base station; and dynamically isolating the identified angular sector from usage by the licensee system.. . ... Nokia

06/15/17 / #20170169079

Method and apparatus for secured information storage

A method, apparatus and computer program, in which an experience matrix (152, ex1) is built (210) based on content. The content is searched (220) using the built experience matrix (152, ex1). ... Nokia

06/08/17 / #20170164405

Enabling overlapping transmissions in wireless network

This document discloses a solution where a wireless device may allow another wireless device to transmit an overlapping transmission. According to an embodiment, upon determining that a channel is idle in a clear channel assessment procedure, the wireless device causes transmission of a frame during a transmission interval, wherein the frame comprises an information element indicating that the apparatus allows another apparatus to carry out transmission overlapping with the transmission interval.. ... Nokia

06/08/17 / #20170164353

Channelization procedure for implementing persistent ack/nack and scheduling request

In one exemplary embodiment, a method includes: configuring a common resource space having a plurality of time-frequency resources and code resources, where the common resource space includes a first portion for a first type of signaling and a second portion for a second type of signaling, where the first type of signaling includes at least one of persistent acknowledgement signaling and scheduling request signaling, where the second type of signaling includes dynamic acknowledgement signaling; and allocating, based on the configured common resource space, resources of the common resource space for the at least one of persistent acknowledgement signaling and scheduling request signaling.. . ... Nokia

06/08/17 / #20170164281

Secondary cell group configuration

A method of carrying out dual connectivity with a secondary access node and an apparatus is provided. A mode of operation of a user equipment is determined in dependence on the presence of bearers mapped to the secondary access node. ... Nokia

06/08/17 / #20170164208

Data radio bearer configuration in a heterogeneous network

In accordance with an example embodiment of the present invention, an apparatus comprising: at least one processor; and at least one memory including computer program code, wherein the at least one memory and the computer program code are configured to, with the at least one processor, cause the apparatus to perform at least the following: detect an indication for a local area network activation; and determine whether or not to terminate a wide area network connection on an unlicensed band in an instance in which the wide area network connection on the unlicensed band is active and the local area network operates on the same unlicensed band.. . ... Nokia

06/08/17 / #20170164207

Methods and apparatuses for synchronization of distributed hierarchical databases

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided for synchronization of distributed hierarchal databases. A method is provided for assigning a channel set to a licensed shared access controller (lsac). ... Nokia

06/08/17 / #20170164194

Offloading of a wireless node authentication with core network

An example technique may include controlling receiving, by a second node from a first node in a wireless network, a request to offload authentication of the first node with the core network to the second node, controlling receiving, by the second node from the first node, data to be forwarded to the core network, performing, by the second node based on the request, an authentication with the core network on behalf of the first node while the first node is not connected with the second node, and controlling forwarding the received data from the second node to the core network while the first node is not connected with the second node.. . ... Nokia

06/08/17 / #20170164178

Vehicle communication identifiers based on license plate information

In one aspect, there is a method. The method may include receiving an image of a vehicle from a sensor. ... Nokia

06/08/17 / #20170163970

Stereo viewing

The invention relates to creating and viewing stereo images, for example stereo video images, also called 3d video. At least three camera sources with overlapping fields of view are used to capture a scene so that an area of the scene is covered by at least three cameras. ... Nokia

06/08/17 / #20170163496

Harq optimization for tdm mode

It is provided a method, comprising monitoring if a sent packet is acknowledged as correctly received; checking, if the sent packet is not acknowledged as correctly received, if retransmitting the sent packet at a time interval determined for retransmission is admitted; informing, if the retransmitting at the determined time interval is not admitted, that the sent packet is not acknowledged as correctly received.. . ... Nokia

06/08/17 / #20170162941

Apparatus and methods for wireless communication

An apparatus comprising: a first conductive antenna track, extending between a first end and a second end and defining a loop shape, the first conductive antenna track comprising a first feed point adjacent to the first end and configured to couple to radio frequency circuitry; and a second conductive antenna track coupled to the first conductive antenna track at a first location in proximity to the first feed point, and at a second location between the first end and the second end of the first conductive antenna track, to form a first closed loop configured to resonate in a first operational frequency band.. . ... Nokia

06/08/17 / #20170161639

Method and apparatus for recommendation by applying efficient adaptive matrix factorization

A method, apparatus and computer-readable storage medium for determining one or more recommendations by applying efficient adaptive matrix factorization are disclosed. The method comprises causing, at least in part, an iterative performing of the following steps: a using of a current data set to optimize parameters used to adapt a current matrix factorization model by the end of the current time period, and a training of a current matrix factorization model and the current data set by the end of the current time period, based on the optimized parameters, to obtain an adapted matrix factorization model for service in a next time period.. ... Nokia

06/08/17 / #20170160800

Device control

Devices such a printer 4, television 3 and car door lock 2 are controlled wirelessly by a controller 5 which may consist of eye tracking glasses that detect the gaze angle of the user also include an orientation detector that receives rf packets from the devices, from which the orientation of the device can be detected. Control of the devices is performed wirelessly when the detected orientation of the device and the gaze detection angle adopt a predetermined relationship, for example when they become aligned.. ... Nokia

06/08/17 / #20170160086

Magnetometer apparatus and associated methods

An apparatus comprising: a processor; and a memory including computer program code, the memory and the magnetometer readings are collected computer program code configured to, with the processor, cause the apparatus to perform at least the following: determine whether or not recalibration is required of a magnetometer configured to compensate for hard-iron and soft-iron effects by determining whether a plurality of magnetometer readings received from the magnetometer is consistent with: a scaled pre-calibrated matrix describing the soft-iron effect for at least one scaling factor of the pre-calibrated matrix; and a pre-calibrated vector describing the hard-iron effect.. . ... Nokia

06/08/17 / #20170156650

An apparatus and method for monitoring biometric parameters using an ambient light collector

An apparatus and method, the apparatus comprising; a light collector configured to collect ambient light and provide the collected light to a portion of skin of a user; a photodetector configured to enable a biometric parameter to be monitored by detecting changes in the light absorbed by the portion of skin; and an amplifier configured to amplify an output signal provided by the photodetector; wherein the light collector is configured to filter the collected ambient light to increase the proportion of light within a selected range of wavelengths which is provided to the portion of skin of the user relative to the collected ambient light.. . ... Nokia

06/01/17 / #20170156169

Method, apparatus, cellular network base station and computer program to enable remote maintenance

According to one aspect of the invention there is provided an apparatus including at least one processor configured to detect a failure with a first cellular network base station; and establish an out of band communication channel with the first cellular network base station via a second cellular network base station being adjacent to the first cellular network base station to enable remote maintenance of the first cellular network base via the established out of band communication channel.. . ... Nokia

06/01/17 / #20170156159

Uplink grant detection for partial time division multiplexing mode

Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for ‘partial’ time division multiplexing (tdm) operation are provided. One example of a method includes transmitting, by a base station, an enhanced absolute grant channel (e-agch) message to one or more user equipment. ... Nokia

06/01/17 / #20170156158

Method and apparatus for utilizing communication configuration preferences

Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products relating to communication configuration preferences are provided. One method includes a user equipment causing the transmission to a network node an indication of a preferred network configuration. ... Nokia

06/01/17 / #20170156156

Device to device communication

An apparatus and method are provided. A request is received from a first user equipment to schedule communication resources for a device to device communication between the first user equipment and at least one second user equipment. ... Nokia

06/01/17 / #20170156105

Realm based network-access-identifier (nai) modification for a roaming party needing to authenticate with home network

A method and apparatus can be configured to find a service broker based on at least one identifier and communication with a home service provider via this service broker. The service broker acts as a proxy service provider for a service provider like the home service provider. ... Nokia

06/01/17 / #20170156095

Traffic steering at handover

A method and apparatus are provided. A user equipment is supported at a first access node. ... Nokia

06/01/17 / #20170156071

Network assisted alternate coverage in a cellular communications network

The invention allows network assisted alternate coverage in a cellular communications network during at least partial cell outage event or a maintenance event. In response to an indication of an at least partial cell outage event or a maintenance event, a mobile communications device is switched from a cellular communications mode to a device-to-device, d2d, communications mode based on d2d configuration information received from a cellular network base station. ... Nokia

06/01/17 / #20170156065

Cloud based access network

A method and an apparatus for designing a cloud based radio access network, c-ran, are provided. The solution comprises dividing (302) the access network into two or more tiers having different processing capabilities; receiving as an input information about the physical location of one or more remote radio heads, rrh, of the network and required quality of service of the remote radio heads; and determining (306) the physical location of the tier, bbu, having most efficient processing capability for serving the remote radio heads on the basis of the information about the location and required quality of service of at least part of the one or more remote radio heads.. ... Nokia

06/01/17 / #20170155967

Method and apparatus for facilitaing live virtual reality streaming

Various methods are provided for facilitating live virtual reality streaming, and more specifically, for facilitating dynamic metadata transmission, stream tiling, and attention based active view processing, encoding, and rendering. One example method may receiving an indication of a position of a display unit, determining, based on the indication of the position of the display unit, at least one active view associated with the position of the display, the at least one active view being a first view of a plurality of views, and causing transmission of first video content corresponding to the at least one active view, the first video content configured for display on the display unit.. ... Nokia

06/01/17 / #20170155884

Stereo viewing

The invention relates to creating and viewing stereo images, for example stereo video images, also called 3d video. At least three camera sources with overlapping fields of view are used to capture a scene so that an area of the scene is covered by at least three cameras. ... Nokia

06/01/17 / #20170155516

Cellular network authentication

A method, apparatus and computer program in which a cellular terminal: transmits a request that requires authentication procedure triggering to a cellular network and responsively receiving from the cellular network an authentication request message with an indication of a selected cryptographic algorithm from a group of a plurality of cryptographic algorithms; decodes the authentication request message to a decoded authentication request according to the selected cryptographic algorithm and based on a shared secret known by the cellular terminal and a network operator of the cellular terminal; based on the decoded authentication request, the shared secret and the selected cryptographic algorithm, produces and encrypts an authentication response message; and transmits the authentication response message to the cellular network.. . ... Nokia

06/01/17 / #20170155506

System and method for interactive session provision

Systems and methods applicable, for instance, in interactive session provision. One or more nodes and/or other computers might, for example, provide to one or more other nodes and/or other computers the ability to employ certain software for an interactive session. ... Nokia

06/01/17 / #20170155495

Dynamic allocation of subframe scheduling for time division duplex operation in a packet-based wireless communication system

Systems and methods for enabling the dynamic allocation of certain subframes as downlink or uplink resources in a time division duplexed over the air communications system. A base station or enb may allocate certain subframes within a repeating radio frame of a tdd configuration as either dl or ul subframes for communicating to user equipment or ue devices to increase efficient use of system resources based on the data to be transmitted. ... Nokia

06/01/17 / #20170153788

A non-depth multiple implement input and a depth multiple implement input

A method comprising causing display of a representation of a three dimensional model, receiving information indicative of a first multiple implement input that is associated with a first number of implements, determining that the first multiple implement input is a non-depth multiple implement input based on the first number of implements, determining a first width and a first height in the three dimensional model based on the non-depth multiple implement input, receiving information indicative of a second multiple implement input that is associated with a second number of implements, the second number being different from the first number, determining that the second multiple implement input is a depth multiple implement input based on the second number of implements, and determining a second width, a second height, and a second depth in the three dimensional model based on the depth multiple implement input is disclosed.. . ... Nokia

06/01/17 / #20170153698

Method and apparatus for providing a view window within a virtual reality scene

A method, apparatus and computer program product provide the user of an immersive user interface with additional information beyond that provided by the virtual reality scene that is displayed via the immersive user interface. In the context of a method, a direction and orientation of a user of an immersive user interface are determined. ... Nokia

05/18/17 / #20170142745

Scheduling coordination

There is, for example, provided a method, including receiving a scheduling plan from at least one network node of at least one neighboring ceil, wherein the each scheduling plan includes an indication of a planned radio resource utilization ratio by the neighboring cell in at least one frequency range during a coming time period; scheduling a user terminal with radio resources on a specific frequency range; and determining a modulation and coding scheme for the user terminal at least partly on the basis of the at least one indicated scheduling plan for the specific frequency range, wherein the modulation and coding scheme is to be applied in data transmission of the user terminal in a certain subframe within the coming time period.. . ... Nokia

05/18/17 / #20170142162

Method, network element, mobile terminal, system and computer program product for cryptographic algorithm negotiation

Method, network element, mobile terminal, system and computer program product are disclosed for negotiating cryptographic algorithm. The method comprises: receiving a first candidate list from the mobile terminal by the network element, wherein the first candidate list includes at least one candidate cryptographic algorithm supported by the mobile terminal and excludes at least one undesirable cryptographic algorithm even though it is supported by the mobile terminal; and selecting, from the first candidate list, a cryptographic algorithm supported by both the network element and the mobile terminal. ... Nokia

05/18/17 / #20170142032

Method of operating a network entity

Method of operating a network entity a method of operating a network entity of a network comprising a gateway (200) is provided, wherein the method comprises dynamically changing a packet processing resource (204, 227) in the gateway (200).. . ... Nokia

05/18/17 / #20170141982

Supporting an access to a destination network via a wireless access network

For supporting an access to a destination network by a mobile device via a wireless access network, the mobile device generates a predetermined request, which is addressed to a connectivity test server in the destination network. The predetermined request is transmitted to the wireless access network. ... Nokia

05/18/17 / #20170141302

Sensing device and method of production thereof

In accordance with an example embodiment of the present invention, a device is disclosed. The device comprises: a sensing region comprising an active material and two or more electrodes in electrical contact with the active material; and a switching region providing control over the sensing region, the switching region comprising an active material and two or more electrodes in electrical contact with the active material. ... Nokia

05/18/17 / #20170140298

Data processing

A data processing system is disclosed for machine learning. The system comprises a sampling module (13) and a computational module (15) interconnected by a data communications link (17). ... Nokia

05/18/17 / #20170139566

Determination of an apparatus display region

A method comprising determining by an apparatus that comprises a see through display, that the apparatus has become placed on a separate apparatus, the separate apparatus comprising a separate apparatus display, determining an apparatus display region of the see through display based, at least in part, on the determination that the apparatus has become placed on the separate apparatus, determining a separate apparatus display region of the see through display, sending a display region directive from the apparatus to the separate apparatus that communicates the separate apparatus display region, receiving information indicative of an input, determining that the input has an input position that corresponds with the separate apparatus display region, and sending an operational directive from the apparatus to the separate apparatus based, at least in part, on the determination that the input has an input position that corresponds with the separate apparatus display region is disclosed.. . ... Nokia

05/11/17 / #20170135132

Method, system and apparatus

A method comprises causing random access channel preamble information to be sent from a device to an access point, said random access channel preamble information being usable by said access point to determine first timing advance information; and receiving in response to said random access channel preamble information, timing information indicating if said first timing advance information is to be used for transmissions from said device to said access point.. . ... Nokia

05/11/17 / #20170135073

Hybrid automatic repeat request for enhanced interference management and traffic adaptation

Various communication systems, such as the long tem evolution advanced (lte-advanced) system, may benefit from different configurations for time division duplex (tdd). For example, lte-advanced systems may benefit from an enhanced dynamic tdd feature, which may—among other things—reduce latency for lte-tdd, for example when enhanced interference management and traffic adaptation (eimta) is applied. ... Nokia

05/11/17 / #20170135025

Method and apparatus for implementing access control

A method and apparatus may include determining at least one access control criterion for a communication device. Meeting the at least one access control criterion depends on actions of the communication device. ... Nokia

05/11/17 / #20170135012

Handover for coverage enhancement

A method including transmitting signals from a first base station to a second base station in a network; and during an interface setup or an interface update between the first base station and the second base station, receiving by the first base station information regarding at least one of: whether coverage enhancement (ce) is supported by the second base station, a maximum coverage enhancement (ce) level supported by the second base station, whether low-cost coverage enhancement (ce) is supported by the second base station, and coverage enhancement (ce) level criteria at the second base station.. . ... Nokia

05/11/17 / #20170134992

Interruptions in wireless communications

Method and apparatus for reception of data units in a device by means of a first protocol and a second protocol are disclosed. A control function of the second protocol is informed of interruption in a control function of the first protocol. ... Nokia

05/11/17 / #20170134961

Cloud-based system for distributed hierarchical databases

In some example embodiments, there may be provided a method, which may include receiving, by a first cloud node, spectrum information collected by a sensor, wherein the spectrum information includes radar information and possible interferer information, wherein the radar information includes at least one of a physical location of a radar, a location of the radar main beam, a frequency of a radar, or a rotation pattern of the radar; uploading, by the first cloud node, at least a portion of the collected spectrum information to a database shared by at least a second cloud node; and sending, by the first cloud node, a command to use or inhibit use of a portion of the spectrum allowed to be shared between at least a radar and a user equipment. Related systems, methods, and articles of manufacture are also disclosed.. ... Nokia

05/11/17 / #20170134938

Method and apparatus for providing data sharing schemes to provision device services

An approach is presented for providing data sharing schemes to provision device services. A user determines a data sharing scheme for activation at one or more devices. ... Nokia

05/11/17 / #20170134921

Method and apparatus for communication session-based initiation of networked terminals

An approach is provided for using one or more identification parameters of terminals associated with a communication session to initiate another communication session among the terminals. A communication platform determines one or more identification parameters associated with one or more terminals participating in at least one communication session. ... Nokia

05/11/17 / #20170134911

Establishment of reliable multicast/broadcast in a wireless network

Various example embodiments are disclosed relating to the establishment of reliable multicast/broadcast sessions in a wireless network. According to an example embodiment, an apparatus may be configured to receive, from a wireless recipient station, a request to establish a reliable multicast/broadcast session with the recipient station. ... Nokia

05/11/17 / #20170134864

Sound transducer

An apparatus including a frame; a coil movably connected to the frame; and a magnet system connected to the frame. The magnet system includes at least one magnet and at least one pole piece connected to the at least one magnet. ... Nokia

05/11/17 / #20170134524

Method and network components and self-organizing network

It is proposed a method for verifying configuration changes in a self-organizing network comprising a plurality of verification areas, in which each verification areas at least one network element is installed. The method comprises observing 701 a configuration change within a verification area affecting one or more network elements; computing 702 a virtual temperature value for the affected network elements, wherein the virtual temperature value indicates a stability state of the network element; distributing 703 the computed virtual temperature value; receiving 703 the computed virtual temperature value; triggering 704 a verification mechanism 500; and evaluating 705 the virtual temperature value of the given verification area.. ... Nokia

05/11/17 / #20170134144

Method and apparatus for deriving secondary cell hybrid-automatic repeat-request timing

A method and apparatus can be configured to determine uplink-downlink configuration for a primary cell and at least one secondary cell. The method can also include broadcasting the uplink-downlink configuration to user equipment. ... Nokia

05/11/17 / #20170134105

Method, apparatus and computer program for antenna calibration

A method comprises receiving a reference signal from a first node, estimating channel information from said received reference signal, and causing a signal to be transmitted to said first node, said signal comprising a reference signal and information dependent on said channel information.. . ... Nokia

05/11/17 / #20170132843

A method and technical equipment for determining a pose of a device

The embodiments relate to a method and to technical equipment for implementing the method. The method includes receiving an image with location information from a client; requesting processed region data from a media server based on the location information, said processed region data including one or more images with the corresponding location information; applying a first process for determining a pose of a device for the received image by means of the processed region data; if the first process fails to result the pose of the device, applying a second process for determining a pose of a device for the received image by means of the processed region data; saving the image with the determined pose of the device to the media server; providing the image and the pose of the device to a client for client rendering.. ... Nokia

05/11/17 / #20170131958

Method and apparatus for controlling smart objects with a collage user interface using normalized user interface descriptors

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided for controlling smart objects with a collage user interface using normalized user interface descriptors. A method is provided for receiving user interface description data from a plurality of utility devices. ... Nokia

05/04/17 / #20170127473

Dual connectivity management

In accordance with an example embodiment of the present invention, an apparatus comprising: at least one processor; and at least one memory including computer program code, wherein the at least one memory and the computer program code are configured to, with the at least one processor, cause the apparatus to perform at least the following: receive configuration information including a timer value associated with user data inactivity; start or restart a timer when user data is active in at least one cell of a secondary cell group but not when user data is active in a cell of master cell group; and release dual connectivity if the timer expires.. . ... Nokia

05/04/17 / #20170127471

Resource release for proximity-based communications

An example technique may include controlling sending data by a first user device to a second user device in a network providing proximity-based services, determining, by the first user device, a release of a user plane protocol entity resources used for the proximity-based services in the second user device, and controlling sending, by the first user device to at least the second user device in response to the determining, a message that causes at least the second user device to perform the release of the user plane protocol entity resources used for the proximity-based services in the second user device.. . ... Nokia

05/04/17 / #20170127460

Machine to machine capabilities in mobile communication networks

There are provided measures for machine to machine capabilities in mobile communication networks. Such measures exemplarily comprise establishing a connection to obtain machine type communication related services identified by an apn or a service flow identifier from the network, receiving information indicative of a feature of a group of features assigned to a certain functionality, said feature being selected from said group of features based on usage conditions of said connection, and utilizing said feature for said certain functionality in relation to said connection.. ... Nokia

05/04/17 / #20170127452

Random access transmission opportunity termination

Various implementations described herein are directed to a method for terminating a transmission opportunity. The method may transmit an indication of a channel reservation for a transmission opportunity comprising a busy tone slot and a plurality of resource elements. ... Nokia

05/04/17 / #20170126877

Apparatus and method for providing real-time feedback for information transfer

Devices, systems, and methods are described for allowing a user to transfer information at desired levels by providing the user with real-time feedback regarding the level of information that has been transferred. The devices, systems, and methods establish a communication link with a target device, cause information to be transferred to the target device via the communication link, and cause an indication of a level of the information transferred to be provided to a user during transfer of the information such that the user is provided with a real time indication of the level of information that has been transferred prior to transfer of a maximum level of information that is transferrable.. ... Nokia

05/04/17 / #20170126357

Handling different types of rsrq measurements based on offsets

Methods and apparatus, including computer program products, are provided for rsrq measurements. In one aspect there is provided a method. ... Nokia

05/04/17 / #20170126044

Method and apparatus for powering mobile device

Methods and apparatuses for powering a mobile device are provided. The method comprises detecting whether an external battery is useable for powering a mobile device through an interface. ... Nokia

05/04/17 / #20170124751

Offering menu items to a user

The invention relates to an electronic device (1) offering a plurality of menu items to a user. In order to enable a user friendly selection of the menu items, the electronic device (1) comprises a screen (60), user input means (70), storing means (50) adapted to store parameters for a virtual model of a user and processing means (31). ... Nokia

05/04/17 / #20170124534

Method and apparatus for automatic inter-device authorisation

Method, device, computer program and apparatus are disclosed for: receiving by a first node from a second node a request for a resource controlled by a first node; and determining by the first node whether the request is authorized; wherein the determining includes: receiving from the second node a cryptocurrency transaction message indicative of a payment; and verifying credibility of the cryptocurrency transaction message.. . ... Nokia

05/04/17 / #20170123836

Methods and apparatus to control a virtual machine

Methods and apparatus, to control a virtual machine, include: sending identification of virtual machines within a recovery domain, receiving a request to control one the virtual machines, authorizing the request, and forwarding the request to a virtual machine manager of the one of the virtual machines. Other methods and apparatus, to control a virtual machine, include: sending a request for identification of virtual machines within a recovery domain directly to a cloud computing device without passing the request through another computing device, determining that one of the virtual machines needs to be controlled, and sending a request to control the one of the virtual machines directly to the cloud computing device without passing the request through another computing device.. ... Nokia

04/27/17 / #20170118796

Method and apparatus for radio resource control in a mobile network

A method includes, at an applications server, analyzing application flows with respect to at least one device connected to a network; at the application server, generating an adaptive timer value based on application flows of the at least one device; sending the adaptive timer value to at least one server; sending, from the at least one server, the adaptive timer value to the at least one device; and adopting, at the at least one device, the adaptive timer value.. . ... Nokia

04/27/17 / #20170118787

Access management with multipath transport

A method including transmitting from, a node a request for a packet data network (pdn) connection; and indicating by the node that the pdn connection request is for a multipath transmission control protocol (mptcp) use. A method including receiving a request by a node for a second packet data network (pdn) connection, where the node has a first packet data network (pdn) connection; and accepting the request for the second packet data network (pdn) connection based, at least partially, upon the node indicating that the second pdn connection request is for a multipath transmission control protocol (mptcp) use. ... Nokia

04/27/17 / #20170118744

Method and apparatus for controlling downlink or uplink transmission

Various communication systems benefit from the management of downlink traffic or uplink traffic. For example, a user equipment and an access node benefit from the selective purging of downlink data or uplink data. ... Nokia

04/27/17 / #20170118681

Method, apparatus and computer program product for transfer of capability support information in a multi-rat environment

An apparatus for enabling transfer of mobile terminal inter-rat capabilities in a multi-rat environment from the perspective of the capability provider may include at least one processor and at least one memory including computer program code. The at least one memory and the computer program code may be configured, with the processor, to cause the apparatus to perform at least receiving an indication of a request for mobile terminal inter-rat capability information relative to a particular rat, acquiring the inter-rat capability information in response to receipt of the indication of the request for inter-rat capability information, and providing the inter-rat capability information to a target base station.. ... Nokia

04/27/17 / #20170118668

Load information exchange for interference coordination

This document discloses a solution of interference coordination in wireless communication systems where a base station may request a specified load report from another base station. A first base station may store load information of terminal devices associated with the identifier of strongest interference source for each terminal device. ... Nokia

04/27/17 / #20170118643

Exception handling in cellular authentication

A cellular terminal transmits a request that requires authentication procedure triggering to a cellular network and responsively receives from the cellular network an authentication request message with an indication of a selected cryptographic algorithm from a group of a plurality of cryptographic algorithms. The cellular terminal attempts to decode the authentication request message to a decoded authentication request according to the selected cryptographic algorithm and based on a shared secret known by the cellular terminal and a network operator of the cellular terminal. ... Nokia

04/27/17 / #20170118635

Key separation for local evolved packet core

Various communication systems may benefit from appropriate security mechanisms. For example, isolated operation of evolved universal terrestrial radio networks may benefit from key separation for a local evolved packet core. ... Nokia

04/27/17 / #20170118627

Method and apparatus for identifying closed subscriber group cells

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided for identifying a closed subscriber group (csg) cell to a macrocell in an efficient manner such that the identification of the csg cell requires less signalling between the mobile terminal and the macrocell, thereby either reducing the overall signalling or providing increased capacity for additional measurement reporting by the mobile terminal. Additionally, a method, apparatus and computer program product are provided in which the csg cell is identified in a more efficient manner in a cell change order, thereby similarly reduce the signalling requirements between a macrocell and a csg cell.. ... Nokia

04/27/17 / #20170118581

Switching to advertising locator after connection establishment

Methods and apparatus, including computer program products, are provided for advertising location information. In one aspect there is provided a method. ... Nokia

04/27/17 / #20170118518

Method and apparatus for providing social interaction with programming content

An approach is provided for providing social interactions with programming content. The tracking platform processes and/or facilitates a processing of one or more images of one or more users watching programming content to cause, at least in part, an identification of the one or more users. ... Nokia

04/27/17 / #20170118508

Method and apparatus for improved streaming of immersive content

Embodiments are disclosed for bandwidth-efficient streaming of immersive content. In the context of a method, an example embodiment includes causing generation of immersive content by an immersive content capture device, retrieving, from a memory, buffer information regarding a current view buffer (cvb), one or more pre-fetch buffers (pfbs), and a free viewpoint buffer (fvb), and causing transmission, by a streaming server, of portions of the immersive content to an immersive content viewing system based on the retrieved buffer information regarding the cvb, the one or more pfbs, and the fvb. ... Nokia

04/27/17 / #20170118458

Stereo viewing

The invention relates to creating and viewing stereo images, for example stereo video images, also called 3d video. At least three camera sources with overlapping fields of view are used to capture a scene so that an area of the scene is covered by at least three cameras. ... Nokia

04/27/17 / #20170118403

Method and apparatus for controlling image capture

Embodiments of the present invention provide a method and apparatus for controlling image capture. There is disclosed a method for detecting an environmental parameter for controlling image capture, the method comprising: obtaining eye information of a user of an electronic device using a first camera on the electronic device; detecting an environmental parameter of an environment where the user is located based on the eye information captured by the first camera; and responsive to a predefined condition being satisfied, controlling image capture by a second camera on the electronic device at least in part based on the detected environmental parameter, the first camera and the second camera being located at different sides of the electronic device. ... Nokia

04/27/17 / #20170117992

Hybrid automatic repeat request timing in communications

A method is disclosed comprising defining a hybrid automatic repeat request harq profile for a user terminal among a plurality of harq profiles available. In an embodiment, the harq profile indicates a first time interval between downlink transmission being received in the terminal and corresponding uplink control information being expected to be transmitted from the terminal, and a second time interval between the uplink control information being transmitted from the terminal and corresponding downlink retransmission at earliest being expected to be received in the terminal. ... Nokia

04/27/17 / #20170116781

3d scene rendering

A method comprising: obtaining a plurality of three-dimensional (3d) point clouds about a plurality of objects of interest, each of said 3d point clouds being labelled to a category of objects of interest; rendering facades for the objects of interests categorized as buildings using an ambient occlusion method, where illumination of the point cloud is calculated based on light coming from a theoretical hemisphere or sphere around the object of interest; and rendering shapes of the objects of interests categorized as non-buildings by fitting predefined templates of street view objects to the point clouds labelled as non-buildings.. . ... Nokia

04/27/17 / #20170116477

Integration of positional data and overhead images for lane identification

A method and apparatus for lane detection using overhead images and positional data. A server receives positional data from a vehicle and computes a continuous trajectory. ... Nokia

04/27/17 / #20170116459

Method, apparatus, and computer program product for tracking eye gaze and eye movement

Various methods are provided for tracking eye movement and estimating point of regard. Methods may include: providing for capture of a first image of a first eye of a person; providing for capture of a first image of a second eye of the person; and providing for capture of a first image of a field of view of the person. ... Nokia

04/20/17 / #20170111955

Mbsfn measurements and drx, different drx settings for different transmission types

Methods and apparatus, including computer program products, are provided for mbsfn measurements. In one aspect there is provided a method. ... Nokia

04/20/17 / #20170111944

Configuring physical channel resources for sounding or discovery in a half duplex communication environment

A configuration mechanism for physical channel resources for sounding or discovery in a half-duplex communication environment for apparatuses belonging to a service group is disclosed, the configuration mechanism taking into account a required capacity for sounding or discovery and a maximum tolerated latency for the service group.. . ... Nokia

04/20/17 / #20170111895

Method and apparatus for transmitting and/or receiving reference signals

A method comprising: causing a user equipment to transmit a first reference signal to a base station using a frequency band which is used by said base station to transmit to said user equipment, said user equipment having a different frequency band for transmitting to said base station.. . ... Nokia

04/20/17 / #20170111841

Method and apparatus for handover in dual connectivity user equipment and base station

A method comprises, responsive to a first base station of a user equipment changing, causing measurement information of one or more cells of one or more second base stations made by said user equipment to be stored; and causing said stored measurement information to be provided to a third base station.. . ... Nokia

04/20/17 / #20170111838

Offloading mechanism using load-dependent offloading criteria

Offloading mechanism using load-dependent offloading criteria various communication systems may benefit from load adjustments, such as on-loading or off-loading. For example, third generation partnership project, 3gpp, and wireless local area network, wlan, systems may benefit from a load-dependent load adjustment mechanism. ... Nokia

04/20/17 / #20170111818

Cross reporting or empty buffers in dual connectivity

Various communication systems may benefit from buffer reporting. For example, in systems in which user equipment may use dual connectivity, it may be useful to provide cross-reporting of empty or non-empty buffers to each base station. ... Nokia

04/20/17 / #20170111810

Techniques for measurement filtering for wireless systems

An example technique may include measuring a wireless link between a user device and an access point to obtain a first set of measurement values, detecting that the wireless link is temporarily blocked during the measuring, modifying, based on the wireless link being temporarily blocked, the first set of measurement values to obtain a second set of measurement values, and sending, to a network device, a report indicating the second set of measurement values.. . ... Nokia

04/20/17 / #20170111187

On demand network service in 5th generation mobile networks

The present invention addresses method, apparatus and computer program product for on demand virtual switching in 5th generation mobile networks. When a condition is detected that one or more user equipments need a network service, a locally switched or routed virtual network between the user equipments is created, on demand, within a radio access network. ... Nokia

04/20/17 / #20170110396

Integrated secure device

According to an example aspect of the present invention, there is provided an apparatus comprising a silicon layer comprising security circuitry and a first part of a first sensor, an insulator layer attached on the silicon layer, comprising integrated therein a second part of the first sensor, and a conducting pathway coupling the security circuitry to the first sensor, comprising a portion extending on the insulator layer and portions extending at least partly through the insulator layer.. . ... Nokia

04/20/17 / #20170109868

Electronic device and method in an electronic device for processing image data

The invention relates to an electronic device for performing imaging, including a camera for creating image data (id) from an imaging target (it), the imaging target (it) including at least one primary image object (i1) and at least one secondary image object (i2), an image-processing chain arranged in connection with the camera, for processing the image data created from the imaging target, and a focussing unit for focussing the camera on at least the primary image object. In addition, a blurring unit is arranged in the image-processing chain, to blur at least some of the said secondary image objects in the image data, and arranged to use the information produced by the focussing unit.. ... Nokia

04/20/17 / #20170109791

Method, apparatus and computer program product for a cookie used for an internet of things device

Provided herein is a method, apparatus, and computer program product for a system to facilitate local communication between a plurality of portable personal devices and a third party entity using an internet of things. An apparatus may be provided including at least one processor and at least one memory including computer program code. ... Nokia

04/20/17 / #20170109556

Detector logic and radio identification device and method for enhancing terminal operations

An electronic device operable with a radio frequency identification device operable with a detector logic and a method for operating the electronic device with a radio frequency identification device and a detector logic is provided. Firstly, a detection event is registered by the detector logic. ... Nokia

04/20/17 / #20170109512

Storing and retrieving cryptographic keys from biometric data

Methods and apparatus, including computer program products, are provided securing information. In some example embodiments, there is provided a method, which may include receiving, at a user equipment, biometric data from a user of the user equipment; receiving, at the user equipment, sensitive data to be encoded and/or decoded; encoding, based on at least one feature detected in the biometric data, the sensitive data, when the user equipment is in a storage mode; and decoding, based on at least the at least one feature detected in the biometric data, the sensitive data, when the user equipment is in a read mode. ... Nokia

04/13/17 / #20170105236

Radio resource allocation for proximity services

Radio resource allocation for proximity services there are provided measures for radio resource allocation for proximity services. Such measures exemplarily comprise receiving a message including a service request and indicative of a demand of a proximity service, detecting said demand of said proximity service from said message, and preventing, based on said demand of said proximity service, a transmission of an end entity context related to said service request.. ... Nokia

04/13/17 / #20170105219

Reporting information

Methods and apparatus for control of a device with coexisting radios and capable of carrier aggregation are disclosed. A change in the activation status of a secondary cell can be determined where after interference information to be reported is determined in response to the determined change. ... Nokia

04/13/17 / #20170105180

Uplink access with compressed mode in a communication network system

An access device of a communication network system calculates power estimation values for successive time slots of a communication channel based on measurement values for the successive time slots from a user equipment accessing the communication network system via the access device. The access device performs transmit power control based on the power estimation values. ... Nokia

04/13/17 / #20170105135

Compressed mode for umts enhanced dedicated channel for circuit switched voice services

The present invention addresses methods, apparatuses and computer program products for improved compressed mode operation for enhanced dedicated channel dch in circuit switched cs voice services/transmissions. A compressed mode of a user equipment is configured during performing a circuit switched voice service over a dedicated channel according to wideband code-division multiple access operation upon demand for network specific measurement, whereby measurement gaps are created in the data transmission. ... Nokia

04/13/17 / #20170105128

Method and apparatus for closed subscriber group information transmission

A method comprises responsive to adding of an additional base station for a user equipment, said additional base station having a closed subscriber cell, causing a message to be transmitted to a network entity, said message comprising information identifying a closed subscriber group associated with said additional base station.. . ... Nokia

04/13/17 / #20170105003

Video coding with helper data for spatial intra-prediction

For decoding a video stream, an encoded video stream is received with an indication of a prediction mode and an indication of one or more prediction helper values. While decoding this encoded video stream, a predicted value is calculated for each of at least one sample based on the indicated prediction mode and on the prediction helper value(s). ... Nokia

04/13/17 / #20170104717

Multipath tcp with lte connections

It is provided a method, comprising configuring a first internet protocol address and a second internet protocol address different from the first internet protocol address for a connection between an apparatus performing the method and a packet data network; assigning the first internet protocol address to a first data path for the connection and to assign the second internet protocol address to a second data path for the connection, wherein at least a part of the first data path belongs to a radio access technology; at least a part of the second data path belongs to the radio access technology; and the part of the first data path is different from the part of the second data path.. . ... Nokia

04/13/17 / #20170104700

Assembling a primitive having information elements with a structure recognizable by a terminal device and another entity, both of which communicate over a network

A data structure defining two-level identification allows the integration of mobile instant messaging to internet based instant messaging, for instance, by providing an identification of both a user of the im system (im user) and an im client used to access an im system (im client). The client may be a hardware device, software, or a combination thereof. ... Nokia

04/13/17 / #20170104546

Fiber-based communication

In accordance with an example embodiment of the present invention, there is provided an apparatus comprising a dual-rail encoder (120) configured to receive light from a light source and to output dual-rail encoded light, a combiner (130) configured to convert the dual-rail encoded light into polarization encoded light, and at least one processing core configured to obtain compensation adjustment information concerning a fibre (145) and to control the dual-rail encoder (120) based at least in part on the compensation adjustment information.. . ... Nokia

04/13/17 / #20170104265

Ground phase manipulation in a beam forming antenna

Various radio frequency propagating antennas may benefit from an improved structure to allow for a better beam forming. For example, beam forming antennas may benefit from a beam steering structure involving at least one resonator. ... Nokia

04/13/17 / #20170103769

Methods, apparatuses for forming audio signal payload and audio signal payload

It is disclosed inter alia a method for forming an audio payload frame, wherein the audio payload frame comprises: an encoded audio data frame with a first marker bit at the front of the encoded audio data frame, wherein the first marker is set to a first value, and wherein the first value denotes a type of encoded audio data in the encoded audio data frame; an extension encoded audio data frame; and a second marker bit in front of the first marker bit, wherein the second marker bit is set to a second value; and wherein the second value denotes a type of encoded audio data other than the type of encoded audio data in the encoded audio data frame.. . ... Nokia

04/13/17 / #20170102700

Method and apparatus for providing adaptive transitioning between operational modes of an autonomous vehicle

A method and apparatus for providing adaptive transitioning between operational modes of an autonomous vehicle. In one embodiment, the vehicle is a land-based passenger-carrying vehicle that travels on a road network and has an automatic mode in which one or more systems control travel of the vehicle on the road network. ... Nokia

04/06/17 / #20170099690

Device-to-device communications in cellular system

The present invention provides a method and a controller to control not only cellular radio connections in a cell of a cellular communication system but also direct device-to-device communication links established between terminal devices within the cell. Particularly, the controller selects portion of the terminal devices to function as relay terminals for the other terminals to enable relayed communication links between the terminal devices and the base station through the relay terminals. ... Nokia

04/06/17 / #20170099664

Method, apparatus and computer program for transmission scheduling

A method comprising: receiving an uplink grant at a user equipment, the uplink grant comprising information; using the information to determine uplink subframe scheduling for a hybrid automatic repeat request procedure over a plurality of subframes; using the information to determine, for each transmission of the hybrid automatic repeat request procedure, whether to retransmit previously transmitted data or to transmit new data; and using the information to determine a modulation and coding scheme and a redundancy version for each transmission of the hybrid automatic repeat request procedure, in dependence on the determination of whether to retransmit previously transmitted data or to transmit new data; and the information received at the user equipment comprising information of at least one parameter which is common to each transmission of the hybrid automatic repeat request.. . ... Nokia

04/06/17 / #20170099628

Methods and apparatus for discovery signal transmission between a plurality of devices

A method includes coordinating one or more pools of resources for discovery signal transmission between a plurality of devices, at least one of said pools of resources being shared by at least one larger cell and at least one smaller cell at least partially in a coverage area of the said larger cell.. . ... Nokia

04/06/17 / #20170099621

Re-establishment procedure in dual connectivity networks

A method and apparatus are provided. The method includes providing a primary secondary cell by a second node for a user equipment operating in dual connectivity with a first node and the second node; and receiving a request from the user equipment requesting that the primary secondary cell provide the functionality of a primary cell for the user equipment when a radio link between the user equipment and a primary cell provided by the first node is lost.. ... Nokia

04/06/17 / #20170099611

Wireless local area network (wlan) radio link failure (rlf) triggering

Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for wireless local area network (wlan) radio link failure (rlf) triggering are provided.. . ... Nokia

04/06/17 / #20170099574

Performance of a location response action

A method comprising receiving information indicative of an incoming communication, determining a notification that signifies the incoming communication, causing rendering of the notification, receiving information indicative of a point of interest selection input that identifies a selected point of interest, and causing performance of a location response action associated with the incoming communication, based at least in part, on the selected point of interest is disclosed.. . ... Nokia

04/06/17 / #20170099184

Method and apparatus for on-demand client-initiated provisioning

An approach is presented for client initiated provisioning. A provisioning manager determines a client-based trigger for requesting a provisioning of a client device to access a network. ... Nokia

04/06/17 / #20170098898

Connector arrangement

A connector arrangement, comprising a connector comprising an outer connector, an inner connector, and attaching means for attaching the connector to a first object, the connector being movable in relation to the first object; a second connector comprising a second outer connector, a second inner connector, and second attaching means for attaching the second connector to a second object and a bullet connector comprising a bullet outer connector and bullet inner connector. The bullet outer connector is configured to make a contact with the first and the second connector to form first and second conductive signal paths from the first connector to the second connector.. ... Nokia

03/30/17 / #20170094682

Method, apparatus and computer program to map a cyclic shift to a channel index

From the network perspective, an uplink resource allocation (pdcch) is sent that grants an uplink resource to a plurality of user equipments ues, and the allocation has an indication of a cyclic shift cs for each of the plurality of ues. The granted uplink resource is mapped to a downlink resource (phich) in dependence on the indicated cs for each of the plurality of ues. ... Nokia

03/30/17 / #20170094660

Communications in wireless systems

Methods and apparatuses for controlling at least one device configured to receive scheduled frequency resources of a scheduled system are disclosed. At least one device in inactive mode is allocated a secondary frequency resource independently from scheduling of the scheduled system. ... Nokia

03/30/17 / #20170094561

Device-to-device communication

There is provided a solution for improving the quality of service of end-to-end communication between at least two user terminals. The solution comprises applying uplink signaling in which information related to the traffic status of a direct device-to-device communication link is transmitted.. ... Nokia

03/30/17 / #20170094288

Apparatus, a method and a computer program for video coding and decoding

A method comprising encoding a first scalability layer comprising at least a first coded base picture and a second coded base picture, the first scalability layer being decodable using a first algorithm; reconstructing the first and second coded base pictures into a first and second reconstructed base pictures, respectively, the first reconstructed base picture and the second reconstructed base picture being adjacent in output order of the first algorithm among all reconstructed pictures of the first scalability layer; reconstructing, by using a second algorithm, a third reconstructed base picture from at least the first and second reconstructed base pictures, the third reconstructed base picture residing between the first reconstructed base picture and the second reconstructed base picture in output order; encoding a second scalability layer comprising at least a first coded enhancement picture, a second coded enhancement picture and a third coded enhancement picture, the second scalability layer being decodable using a third algorithm comprising inter-layer prediction that takes a reconstructed picture as input; and reconstructing the first, second, and third coded enhancement pictures into a first, second, and third reconstructed enhancement pictures, respectively, by giving the first, second, and third reconstructed base pictures, respectively, as input for inter-layer prediction, the first, second, and third reconstructed enhancement picture matching in output order of the first algorithm with the first, second, and third reconstructed base pictures, respectively.. . ... Nokia

03/30/17 / #20170093749

Controlling of communication network comprising virtualized network functions

A method comprising determining that at least one virtualized communication function or application providing services related to a communication network is instantiated, preparing an indication related to the instantiation of the at least one virtualized communication function or application, and causing transmission of the prepared indication to at least one of a network element of the communication network, a network function of the communication network, a communication function, an application and a database to which network elements, network functions, communication functions or applications in the communication network have access.. . ... Nokia

03/30/17 / #20170093748

Virtual network controller

A controller receives a request for the provision of a slice of a network to a virtual network operator. The controller determines whether the slice can be provided from existing resources, whether the slice can be provided if the existing resources are re-configured, or whether the slice can only be provided if additional resources are obtained. ... Nokia

03/30/17 / #20170093638

Method and network element for implementing policies in a mobile network

It is described a method for implementing policies in a mobile network (1) with at least one operations and support system (2) and a number of network elements (30 . . ... Nokia

03/30/17 / #20170093566

Management of cryptographic keys

According to an example embodiment of the present invention, there is provided an apparatus (110) comprising a receiver (114) configured to receive at least part of a key in scrambled form, and at least one processing core configured to descramble the at least part of the key and to apply the key in a cryptographic procedure, the descrambling being based at least in part on at least one environmental condition.. . ... Nokia

03/30/17 / #20170093537

A method, apparatus and system

There is provided a method comprising, at a first base station in response to a request including information relating to one or more resource allocations of at least a first cell, causing information corresponding to at least one of the resource allocations to be sent, the information indicative of a scheduling benefit obtained by a cell associated with the first base station if the resource is allocated to the at least one first cell.. . ... Nokia

03/30/17 / #20170093506

Method, apparatus and computer program

A method comprising: sending information from a first node to a second node, said first node comprised in a first layer and said second node comprised in a second layer of a layered network, receiving at said first node channel information from said second node; and using said channel information for antenna calibration at said first node.. . ... Nokia

03/30/17 / #20170092187

A method, apparatus and/or computer program for controlling light output of a display

A method including causing synchronization of a local time frame and refresh of a display; processing an output from a light sensor from a first time, in the local time frame, for a controlled first duration to control light output of the display at a second time, in the local time frame and after the first time, for a second duration. . ... Nokia

03/23/17 / #20170086291

Flexible electronics apparatus and associated methods

An apparatus including a flexible substrate; and an overhanging electronic component island, the electronic component island configured to be less flexible than the flexible substrate and including one or more electronic components, wherein the electronic component island includes a substrate-face with a connection portion and an overhang portion, the connection portion being mechanically coupled to a surface of the flexible substrate via a single connection-support pad and the overhang portion configured to overhang and be substantially free of the underlying flexible substrate such that the underlying flexible substrate can be strained independently from the overhang portion under operational strains of the flexible substrate.. . ... Nokia

03/23/17 / #20170086205

System and method for cloud synchronization among global and multiple location databases

Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for synchronizing multiple lsa databases synchronously are provided. One method may include requesting a reporting period for a set of channels registered with at least one licensed shared access (lsa) database, and storing a list of the channels being used by the at least one lsa database and for storing an identifier of the at least one lsa database. ... Nokia

03/23/17 / #20170086187

Allocation of communication resources

The disclosure relates to the allocation of resources for wireless communications. An index for an uplink control resource is determined in accordance with a predefined rule. ... Nokia

03/23/17 / #20170086077

Method, apparatus and system

A method includes determining, for a first network, first activity information for shared usage of a first portion of a spectrum allocated to the first network with at least one second network and causing the activity information to be sent to at least one base station of said second network.. . ... Nokia

03/23/17 / #20170085917

Method, an apparatus and a computer program product for coding a 360-degree panoramic video

There are disclosed various methods, apparatuses and computer program products for video encoding. In some embodiments the method comprises reconstructing a 360-degree panoramic source picture for inter-layer prediction; deriving an inter-layer reference picture from the 360-degree panoramic source picture, wherein the deriving comprises one or both of: upsampling at least a part of the 360-degree panoramic source picture, wherein said upsampling comprises filtering samples of a border region of the 360-degree panoramic source picture using at least partly one or more sample values of an opposite side border region and/or one or more variable values associated with one or more blocks of the opposite side border region; determining a reference region that crosses a picture boundary of the 360-degree panoramic source picture, and including in the reference region one or both of the following: one or more sample values of an opposite side border region; one or more variable values associated with one or more blocks of the opposite side border region.. ... Nokia

03/23/17 / #20170085704

Security method and system for inter-nodal communication for voip lawful interception

Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for security of inter-nodal communication for voip lawful interception are provided. One method includes receiving, by an access node, at least one identity from an internet protocol multimedia system (ims) node, the at least one identity used by the ims node to intercept signaling messages, compiling a target list comprising the at least one identity, receiving a message from the ims node when a session is established, wherein the message comprises an identity for each of the parties to the session, and comparing the identity for each of the parties to the session with the at least one identity in the target list.. ... Nokia

03/23/17 / #20170085346

Efficient communication method and apparatus

There is provided a method, comprising: setting, by a radio device, length for a channel reservation window such that the channel reservation window comprises a plurality of subframes; dividing the channel reservation window at least into a downlink part and an uplink part, wherein the downlink part comprises at least one or more subframes of the plurality of subframes and the uplink part comprises at least one or more other subframes of the plurality of subframes; determine a timing offset between the start of the downlink part and the start of the uplink part, wherein the timing offset is based at least partly on applied timing advance; and defining timings, within the channel reservation window, for at least one of a downlink clear channel assessment—process and an uplink clear channel assessment—process at least partly on the basis of the timing offset.. . ... Nokia

03/23/17 / #20170083763

Method and apparatus for constructing a digital elevation model utilizing ground points captured by ground-based lidar

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided to construct a digital elevation model utilizing ground points captured by ground-based light detection and ranging (lidar). In the context of a method, a plurality of ground points are extracted from a data set captured by ground-based lidar to construct a digital elevation model. ... Nokia

03/16/17 / #20170079068

Fairness in wireless networks with adaptive clear channel assessment thresholds

When contending for access to a radio channel (for example csma/ca in wi-fi), an apparatus selects a first clear channel assessment (cca) threshold that is higher than a minimum; determines to temporarily use a second cca threshold that is lower than the first cca threshold; and based on this determination it selects the second cca threshold for a specified time period. In one embodiment this determination is based on the apparatus' use of a spectrum relative to a threshold usage level which may be calculated as a number of successful transmissions by the apparatus on the spectrum over a predefined time period; and/or as a deferring time experienced by the apparatus with respect to the spectrum over a predefined time period. ... Nokia

03/16/17 / #20170079063

Broadcast signaling optimization for machine type communication

Methods and apparatus, including computer program products, are provided for allowing cell access. In one aspect there is provided a method, which may include determining, by a user equipment whether a cell allows a communication type, wherein the determining is based on at least one of a scheduling information included in a first type of broadcast message received by the user equipment or a receipt of a second type of broadcast message by the user equipment; and initiating, by the user equipment based on at least the determining, a connection to cell, when at least one of the scheduling information or the second type of broadcast message indicates the communication type is allowed in the cell. ... Nokia

03/16/17 / #20170079060

Method and apparatus for implementing uplink scheduling in an unlicensed spectrum

A method and apparatus may include determining that downlink communication is to be scheduled for transmission to user equipment. The method may also include scheduling the downlink communication. ... Nokia

03/16/17 / #20170078985

Method and apparatus for network synchronization, computer program product for performing the method and system comprising the apparatus

A method for network synchronization of a first network element is provided, comprising: receiving, from each of at least two synchronization candidate network elements, a first synchronization accuracy value; determining, for each of the at least two synchronization candidate network elements, a signal quality indicator; determining for each synchronization candidate network element a second synchronization accuracy value based on the signal quality indicator and the first synchronization accuracy value related to the synchronization candidate network element, and selecting a synchronizing network work element, for synchronizing the first network element to, from the at least two synchronization candidate network elements, based on the determined second synchronization accuracy values. The present disclosure enhances the performance of rib network synchronization by indicating an estimate of an accumulated synchronization error magnitude. ... Nokia

03/16/17 / #20170078957

Method and apparatus for determining ims connectivity through non-3gpp access networks

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided for determining ims connectivity through non-3gpp access networks. A method is provided for receiving, in response to an access network query, an available public land mobile network (plmn) list; wherein the plmn list comprises an ip multimedia subsystem access point name (ims apn) indication for the respective plmns with ims connectivity; determining, using a processor, if a connection to a home plmn (hplmn) can be established using an ims apn associated with a plmn from the plmn list; and prioritizing available wireless local area networks (wlan) based on the determining if a connection to the hplmn can be established using the ims apn for the respective plmns of the plmn list associated with the respective wlans.. ... Nokia

03/16/17 / #20170078927

Ran based gateway functions

It is provided a method, comprising binding, for a terminal, at least one of an uplink and a downlink bearer to an ip address based on a gateway context, wherein the gateway context is controlled by a control device; and at least one of buffering and idle mode handling; wherein the buffering is adapted to buffer data for the terminal during hard handover of the terminal and to forward the data to the terminal after the hard handover is completed; the idle mode handling is adapted to forward a packet received for the terminal to a control device if the gateway context does not comprise an identification of a base station to which the terminal is attached.. . ... Nokia

03/16/17 / #20170078905

Adaptive threshold handling for triggering wlan offloading

Methods and apparatus, including computer program products, are provided for adaptation of wlan selection thresholds. In one aspect there is provided a method, which may include receiving, at a user equipment, information including one or more thresholds for use when evaluating a selection of a wireless local area network access point for offloading; comparing, by the user equipment, a quality of an access provided by the wireless local area network access point selected in accordance with the one or more thresholds to another quality provided by a cellular access point; reporting, by the user equipment, a result of the comparing; and receiving, by the user equipment in response to the reporting, additional information including one or more adjusted thresholds for use when evaluating wireless local area network access point selection. ... Nokia

03/16/17 / #20170078900

Network performance data

Network performance data is provided with at least two accuracy level: a general level with general data, used when there are no problems, and at least one detailed level with more detailed data, used when a problem is detected.. . ... Nokia

03/16/17 / #20170078742

Method and apparatus for video processing

There are disclosed various methods for video processing in a device and an apparatus for video processing. In a method one or more frames of a video are displayed to a user and information on an eye of the user is obtained. ... Nokia

03/16/17 / #20170078703

Apparatus, a method and a computer program for video coding and decoding

A method comprising: identifying at least one boundary in an image based on one or more signal characteristics; classifying a region of the image containing the boundary as a region containing an edge; determining context-based information about the region to be signaled in a bitstream of video data; partitioning the region at least in two along the edge; and applying a transform on the region.. . ... Nokia

03/16/17 / #20170078417

Methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for providing filtered services and content based on user context

An apparatus may include a processor configured to receive a request for a service or content from a first device. The processor may be further configured to receive a user's context information from a second device. ... Nokia

03/16/17 / #20170078235

Display of a notification that identifies a keyword

A method comprising receiving a first message, receiving a second message, determining that the first message has an unread status, determining that the second message has an unread status, determining that at least one keyword is represented in the first message and the second message in response to the determination that the first message has an unread status and the determination that the second message has an unread status, determining a notification that identifies the keyword, signifies the receipt of the first message, and signifies the receipt of the second message, and causing display of the notification is disclosed.. . ... Nokia

03/16/17 / #20170076339

Method, apparatus, computer program product and system for reputation generation

Method, apparatus, system, computer program product and computer readable medium are disclosed for generating reputation of an entity from a plurality of opinions associated with that entity, wherein the entity and the plurality of opinions are expressed in a natural language. The method comprises filtering said plurality of opinions based on pertinence of each opinion with respect to the entity; fusing the filtered opinions into at least one principle opinion set; and generating a reputation value based on said at least one principle opinion set. ... Nokia

03/16/17 / #20170075736

Rule engine for application servers

A node managing unit (11) selects, for an event associated with a sub-context of a specific context, an event distributing unit of a plurality of event distributing units (12, 13), which distributes events towards queues for the specific context. The selected event distributing unit selects a queue for the sub-context, which is associated with a rule engine unit of a plurality of rule engines units (17, 19), which comprises a rule execution unit associated with the specific context. ... Nokia

03/16/17 / #20170075036

Weather condition information based on magnetometers

Weather related data is collected using a magnetic sensor of a mobile device. The mobile device may be within a moving motor vehicle. ... Nokia

03/09/17 / #20170070855

Determining distances

An apparatus and a method for determining distances between apparatuses are disclosed. The method in a first apparatus includes joining a network including a set of apparatuses; setting a first predetermined operating mode for the first apparatus after joining the network; receiving from at least one second apparatus belonging to the net-work a message indicating a support for a ranging service from the second apparatus. ... Nokia

03/09/17 / #20170070459

Systems and methods for adding media content to electronic messages

A method includes receiving an electronic message by a communication entity; determining if an indicator in the electronic message identifies the communication entity as an entity to retrieve a content referenced in the electronic message; and retrieving the content from a storage unit if the indicator identifies the communication entity as an entity to retrieve the content. An address of the content is identified in the electronic message.. ... Nokia

03/09/17 / #20170070351

Method and apparatus for verifying processed data

A method, comprising: obtaining, at a trustworthy party, a data processing result from a requesting party or a processing party in response to receiving a request for verifying correctness of the data processing result from the requesting party, wherein the data processing result is obtained by the requesting party from the processing party; obtaining, at a trustworthy party, the data used to getting the data processing result and a corresponding algorithm from the processing party, wherein the processing party uses the corresponding algorithm to process the data and gets the data processing result; processing, at the trustworthy party, the obtained data with the corresponding algorithm and comparing the processed result with the received data processing result, and if the two results are the same, the data processing result verified by the trustworthy party is correct.. . ... Nokia

03/09/17 / #20170070278

Transmission adaptation

The invention relates to an apparatus including: at least one processor and at least one memory including a computer program code, the at least one memory and the computer program code configured to, with the at least one processor, cause the apparatus at least to: choose a modulation, coding and rank scheme; determine a channel quality indicator based on the modulation, coding and rank scheme, and add a detector class indicator to the channel quality indicator for informing capability to a high order modulation if the high order modulation is chosen. In one particular embodiment the high order modulation is 64-qam and excludes qpsk and 16-qam, and the added detector class indictor can be a single bit.. ... Nokia

03/09/17 / #20170069336

Control parameter dependent audio signal processing

An apparatus comprising at least one processor and at least one memory including computer program code the at least one memory and the computer program code configured to, with the at least one processor, cause the apparatus at least to perform processing at least one control parameter dependent on at least one sensor input parameter, processing at least one audio signal dependent on the processed at least one control parameter, and outputting the processed at least one audio signal.. . ... Nokia

03/09/17 / #20170069208

Method and apparatus for providing an alternative route based on traffic light status

An approach is provided for determining an alternative route based on status information of a traffic signal and/or attributes associated with a road segment. The approach involves determining status information for the at least one traffic signal based, at least in part, on a determination that at least one vehicle is within at least one distance threshold. ... Nokia

03/09/17 / #20170068508

Method and system for communicating with a user immersed in a virtual reality environment

A method comprising: receiving a request to create a virtual communication channel between the real world and a virtual reality environment, the virtual reality environment comprising both audio and visual content; in response to receiving the request, causing a virtual window to be displayed in the virtual reality environment; and causing distorted audio from real world surroundings of a user making the request to emanate from the virtual window.. . ... Nokia

03/09/17 / #20170068351

Method and apparatus for capacitive sensing

Embodiments of the present invention provide a capacitive sensing apparatus, a manufacturing and operation method thereof and an electronic device including the capacitive sensing apparatus. An apparatus includes first capacitive sensing unit(s) and second capacitive sensing unit, and a control unit. ... Nokia

03/09/17 / #20170068320

An input axis between an apparatus and a separate apparatus

A method comprising determining an input axis that extends between an apparatus and a separate apparatus, receiving information indicative of an input object, the input object being proximate to the input axis, determining an input axis position on the input axis based, at least in part, on the input object, and determining an operational directive based, at least in part, on the input axis position is disclosed.. . ... Nokia

03/02/17 / #20170064769

Communications via multiple access points

Methods and apparatuses for controlling communication with a communication device connected to a plurality of access points are described. Predefined inactivity in communications between a first access point and the communication device may be determined at the first access point. ... Nokia

03/02/17 / #20170064752

Method and apparatus for operating companion device

A method, corresponding apparatuses, and a non-transitory computer readable medium for operating a companion device and a companion device are provided. A method comprises detecting, at a companion device, presence of a primary device that is paired with the companion device according to at least one short-range radio communication technique. ... Nokia

03/02/17 / #20170064736

Proximity service channel allocation based on random access channel procedure

Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for a random access channel (rach) procedure based proximity-based service channel allocation are provided. One method includes controlling receiving, by a network node, a request for proximity-based service on a random access channel, the request being for at least one resource, and determining whether the requested at least one resource is allocable within a random access contention window. ... Nokia

03/02/17 / #20170064620

Unified discovery signal for small cell and device-to-device discovery

In accordance with an example embodiment of the present invention, an apparatus comprising: at least one processor; and at least one memory including computer program code, wherein the at least one memory and the computer program code are configured to, with the at least one processor, cause the apparatus to perform at least the following: detect a discovery signal; and determine small cell discovery or device-to-device discovery based on the detected discovery signal.. . ... Nokia

03/02/17 / #20170064589

Handover apparatus and method

A handover apparatus is provided, comprising: means for receiving a handover request message from a first network element; means for sending a handover indication message to a second network element while sending a handover acknowledgement message to the first network element. The present disclosure manages to reduce the handover delay so as to enable fast handover for dual connectivity.. ... Nokia

03/02/17 / #20170064148

Method and apparatus for modifying a multi-frame image based upon anchor frames

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided to cause image content to be adjusted in a manner consistent with the corresponding viewing direction, such as the viewing direction of a user of a head-mounted display device. In regards to a method, one or more first anchor frames are determined within a multi-frame image, a user's viewing direction is determined relative to the multi-frame image and at least one second anchor frame is identified based on the user's viewing direction. ... Nokia

03/02/17 / #20170063678

Packet flow optimization in a network

Various communication systems may benefit from improvements in communication flow. For example, a network may benefit from packet flow optimization. ... Nokia

03/02/17 / #20170063628

Function binding and selection in a network

It is provided a method, comprising configuring one or more instances of a first downstream network function (e.g. Mme) such that each time when a first downstream transaction (e.g. ... Nokia

03/02/17 / #20170063621

Verification in self-organizing networks

It is proposed a method of operating a network by a son verification function (20), monitoring a network behaviour and verifying a change in network based on the monitored network behaviour. The son verification function performs a post-action verification of cm changes and may request from a son coordinator to undo cm changes.. ... Nokia

03/02/17 / #20170063540

Secure bootstrapping architecture method based on password-based digest authentication

A method, apparatus, and computer program product, in which a password-based digest access authentication procedure is used for performing authentication between a client and a server, wherein the authentication procedure is secured by at least one of modifying a digest-response parameter with a user password and generating a bootstrapped key based on the user password and at least one fresh parameter not used in a previous protocol run between the client and the server.. . ... Nokia

03/02/17 / #20170061586

Method, apparatus and computer program product for motion deblurring of image frames

In an example embodiment a method, apparatus and computer program product are provided. The method includes causing a screening element in a camera to block wavelengths associated with at least one color in incident light at pre-defined time intervals during an image frame capture. ... Nokia

03/02/17 / #20170061258

Method, apparatus, and computer program product for precluding image capture of an image presented on a display

An apparatus may be provided including at least one processor and at least one memory including computer program code. The at least one memory and the computer program code may be configured to, with the processor, cause the apparatus to perform various operations. ... Nokia

03/02/17 / #20170060322

Capacitive touch sensor circuit, method of forming circuit, and touch screen and mobile device comprising the same

A capacitive touch sensor circuit including a plurality of driving elements arranged as multiple rows in parallel with a horizontal axis of the touch screen, wherein the plurality of driving elements are connected into a plurality of driving lines; and a plurality of sensing elements arranged as multiple columns in parallel with a vertical axis of the touch screen, wherein the plurality of sensing elements are connected into a plurality of sensing lines, each of the plurality of sensing elements being paired with a respective one of the plurality of driving elements. The driving lines and the sensing lines are configured as at least one of: at least two driving elements of one of the plurality of driving lines being positioned at different rows; and at least two sensing elements of one of the plurality of sensing lines being positioned at different columns.. ... Nokia

02/23/17 / #20170055311

Device-to-device transmissions

A method, including receiving at a first communication device from a first network information for assisting device-to-device transmissions between a group of communication devices including said first communication device; thereafter detecting at said first communication device loss of possibility to continue receiving assistance for said device-to-device transmissions from said first network; and deciding at said first communication device whether to continue with said device-to-device transmissions with assistance from a second network or without assistance from a second network.. . ... Nokia

02/23/17 / #20170055279

Transmission coordination in wireless network

This document discloses a solution for enabling overlapping transmissions in a wireless network. An apparatus may be arranged to detect a response to a frame, the response transmitted from a first device as addressed to a second device different from the apparatus and comprising a first value indicating a received signal strength between the first device and the second device. ... Nokia

02/23/17 / #20170055216

Techniques allowing activation and deactivation of nodes in a network

At a source node in a wireless network, it is determined that target node(s) should be one of activated or deactivated. Message(s) are sent from the source node toward a base station providing wireless access for nodes to the wireless network. ... Nokia

02/23/17 / #20170055181

Improving communication efficiency

There is provided a method for defining at least one channel reservation window the method comprising: setting length for each of the at least one channel reservation window such that each channel reservation window comprises a plurality of sub-frames; dividing the length of each channel reservation window into a transmission part and an idle part, wherein the idle part consists of one or more symbols in one sub-frame; maximizing, at a symbol level accuracy, the length of the transmission part such that a ratio between the length of the idle part and the length of the transmission part fulfils a predetermined criterion; and concatenating the transmission part and the idle part so as to form the channel reservation window.. . ... Nokia

02/23/17 / #20170055173

Reporting for mbms

The invention relates to an apparatus including at least one processor and at least one memory including a computer program code, the at least one memory and the computer program code configured to, with the at least one processor, cause the apparatus at least to: obtain information concerning signal quality, obtain information on location of a cell in relation to a multimedia service area, wherein the information concerning signal quality is created, and control utilizing the information concerning signal quality in a network based on the information on the location of a the cell in relation to the multimedia service area.. . ... Nokia

02/23/17 / #20170055171

Plmn restriction for mbsfn measurement reporting

Methods and apparatus, including computer program products, are provided for mbsfn measurements. In one aspect there is provided a method. ... Nokia

02/23/17 / #20170055165

Methods and apparatus to prevent potential conflicts among instances of son functions

Methods are provided to prevent a potential conflict among first and second instances of son functions. A first input impact time, first input scope and first objective of the first instance, and a second input impact time, second input scope and second objective of the second instance are obtained. ... Nokia

02/23/17 / #20170055152

Method, network element, user equipment and system for securing device-to-device communication in a wireless network

Method, network element, user equipment (ue) and system are disclosed for securing device-to-device (d2d) communication in a wireless network. The wireless network has a first ue in an idle mode, a second ue in a connected mode, and a network element. ... Nokia

02/23/17 / #20170054998

Motion prediction in video coding

There is disclosed apparatuses, methods and computer programs for utilizing motion prediction in video coding. A block of pixels of a video representation encoded in a bitstream is read, and a type of the block is determined. ... Nokia

02/23/17 / #20170054903

Method, apparatus, and computer program product for personalized depth of field omnidirectional video

A method, apparatus, and computer program product are provided for providing personalized depth of field perception for omnidirectional video. A method is provided that includes generating, by a processor, a three-dimensional reconstruction of content from an omnidirectional capture device; determining a camera pose of an end user device in relation to the omnidirectional capture device content; identifying an object of interest in the content based in part on the camera pose of the end user device; generating an artificial depth of field for the content wherein the object of interest is in focus; and causing a personalized content view to be provided based on the object of interest and the artificial depth of field. ... Nokia

02/23/17 / #20170054523

Adaptive frequency band weighting within time domain

Various signal processing systems may benefit from appropriate control based on selected parameters. For example, feedforward-based signal or noise cancellation systems may benefit from adaptive frequency band weighting within time domain. ... Nokia

02/23/17 / #20170054477

Dynamic cell clustering for coordinated multipoint operation

The present invention addresses method, apparatus and computer program product for dynamic cell clustering for coordinated multipoint operation. Clustering metric information defining relevant metrics for making cell clustering decision for coordinated multipoint operation are received from a network element serving a neighboring cell, and based on the received clustering metric information, it is decided whether to include the neighboring cell to a cluster for coordinated multipoint operation.. ... Nokia

02/23/17 / #20170054469

Quarter wavelength unit delay and complex weighting coefficient continuous-time filters

Various signal processing techniques may benefit from appropriate handling. For example, certain signal processors may benefit from quarter wavelength unit delay and complex weight coefficient continuous-time filters. ... Nokia

02/23/17 / #20170054457

Frequency switching within time domain digital pre-distortion

Appropriate signal processing may be beneficial in a variety of communication systems and elements thereof for example, time domain digital pre-distortion may benefit from suitable treatment of frequency switching. A method can include determining whether an instantaneous frequency of an input signal is positive or negative. ... Nokia

02/23/17 / #20170054218

Antenna arrangement

A vivaldi antenna is disclosed, including an antenna upper part, and an antenna throat, wherein the antenna upper part is tilted, in respect to the antenna throat, at a predetermined location of the antenna upper part. The antenna upper part may be tilted, in respect to the antenna throat, by one or more predetermined tilted angles respectively at one or more predetermined locations of the antenna upper part. ... Nokia

02/23/17 / #20170053623

Method and apparatus for rendering items in a user interface

An approach is provided for rendering items in a user interface. The approach may, for instance, include: a pre-fetching and a caching of item information associated with one or more items for one or more determined categories based on location information associated with the device; a processing of a detected attitude change associated with the device and of an attitude change threshold to determine an intended orientation mode for the device; a modification of one or more representations, of one or more items, that are within a region, of a user interface, associated with a user interface object; a grouping, a de-overlapping, or a combination thereof of the one or more representations based on an overlapping of one or more rendering locations, of the one or more representations, in a three-dimensional model space.. ... Nokia

02/23/17 / #20170053413

Method, apparatus, and computer program product for personalized stereoscopic content capture with single camera end user devices

A method, apparatus, and computer program product are provided for providing personalized depth of field perception for omnidirectional video. A method is provided that includes generating, by a processor, a three-dimensional reconstruction of content from an omnidirectional capture device; determining a camera pose of an end user device in relation to the omnidirectional capture device content; identifying an object of interest in the content based in part on the camera pose of the end user device; generating an artificial depth of field for the content wherein the object of interest is in focus; and causing a personalized content view to be provided based on the object of interest and the artificial depth of field. ... Nokia

02/23/17 / #20170052675

Method and apparatus of associating and maintaining state information for applications

An approach is provided for associating applications, such as widgets. Presentation of one or more icons representing respectively one or more widgets is initiated. ... Nokia

02/23/17 / #20170052035

Location based service tools for video illustration, selection, and synchronization

Methods and apparatus, including computer program products, are provided mapping. In some example embodiments, there may be provided a method including generating, by a user equipment, a user interface view including a map and a polyline representative of a route along the map; and generating, by the user equipment, the polyline to include at least one graphically distinct indicator along the route, wherein the at least one graphically distinct indicator, when selected at the user interface, initiates presentation of a video recorded at a location on the route where the at least one graphically distinct indicator is located. ... Nokia

02/16/17 / #20170048893

Improving multimedia broadcast service efficiency

This document discloses a solution of maintaining service continuity in a multimedia broadcast service provided by a cellular network in a multimedia broadcast service area. A base station may transmit, in at least one cell provided by the base station, control information comprising an information element, wherein the information element may comprise an identifier of the multimedia broadcast service area and an indication that may cause at least one terminal device located in the at least one cell to request the multimedia broadcast service content as a transmission addressed to the at least one terminal device. ... Nokia

02/16/17 / #20170048869

Method, apparatus and computer program product for enhanced control channel usage in carrier aggregation

The present invention addresses a method, apparatus and computer program product for managing control channel usage in carrier aggregation, which implement defining a time reuse factor for a physical uplink control channel resource on a primary cell for enabling time multiplexing the subframes of the resource, and assigning a physical uplink control channel resource element to a requesting user equipment by using colliding resources in different subframes, wherein the time reuse factor is variably set based on at least one of the number of requesting user equipments and the individual traffic needs of the requesting user equipment.. . ... Nokia

02/16/17 / #20170048839

Signalling for using operating band combination

A method including transmitting information from an apparatus regarding at least one operating band combination; selecting by the apparatus either a supported indicator or an unsupported indicator regarding the information; and transmitting the selected indicator by the apparatus.. . ... Nokia

02/16/17 / #20170048793

System and method for the reception of content items

A system and method for the reception of content items, including the ability to handle a plurality of service announcement formats and the ability to select, for a plurality of network access points, the best access point for receiving items.. . ... Nokia

02/16/17 / #20170048783

Method and apparatus for connecting to a node of a mesh network

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided for connecting to a node of a mesh network. A method is provided for causing transmission of an advertisement message comprising connectivity characteristics for a joining node and receiving a connection opening indication from a first node of a plurality of nodes in a mesh network. ... Nokia

02/16/17 / #20170048751

A method, apparatus and system

There is provided a method comprising determining a bearer to be used for first traffic between a user equipment and one of a plurality of base stations in dependence on information indicating the user equipment's ability to communicate with a plurality of base stations, policy rules, and information about the application characteristics of said first traffic.. . ... Nokia

02/16/17 / #20170048733

Minimum measurement requirements for multi-broadcast single-frequency network measurements

Various communication systems may benefit from well-defined measurement requirements. For example, measurements for multi-broadcast single-frequency networks (mbsfns) may benefit from definition of minimum measurement requirements related to, for example, reference signal received power (rsrp) and reference signal received quality (rsrq). ... Nokia

02/16/17 / #20170048722

Frequency band sharing amongst cells

Example implementations are described related to a dynamic resource allocation scheme for use in allocating frequency resources from a frequency band shared by a plurality of small area cell base stations located in a service area of a large area cell base station. The large area cell base station may control the dynamic resource allocation from the shared frequency band.. ... Nokia

02/16/17 / #20170048550

Method and apparatus for video coding

There is provided a slice header prediction method and apparatuses for 3d video encoding and decoding. In some example embodiments the following features can be derived from the header prediction method. ... Nokia

02/16/17 / #20170047512

Memristor and method of production thereof

A device is disclosed which comprises a first electrode (101), a second electrode (104) spaced from the first electrode, a switching region (102) positioned between the first electrode and the second electrode, and an intermediate region (103) positioned between the switching region and the second electrode, wherein the intermediate region is in electrical contact with the switching region and the second electrode. Preferably, the intermediate region comprises metal nanowires (105) in a polymer matrix, and the device is a memristor or a memcapacitor. ... Nokia

02/16/17 / #20170047094

Audio information processing

A method comprising: storing a continuous audio composition having plural tracks at least partially overlapping with one another in the temporal domain and having a specific alignment in the temporal domain; obtaining time-varying audio characteristics of an audio recording; identifying at least part of one of the plural tracks that corresponds to the audio recording; using the time-varying audio characteristics of the audio recording to align the audio recording with said at least part of the identified track; and substituting said at least part of the identified track with the audio recording with substantially the same alignment in the temporal domain as said at least part of the identified track.. . ... Nokia

02/16/17 / #20170046840

Non-rigid registration for large-scale space-time 3d point cloud alignment

Point cloud data sets representing overlapping physical areas are received. Surface feature points are extracted from the point cloud data sets and coordinates are determined for each point of the point cloud data sets. ... Nokia

02/16/17 / #20170046813

An apparatus and associated methods for image capture

An apparatus comprising: at least one processor; and at least one memory including computer program code, the at least one memory and the computer program code configured to, with the at least one processor, cause the apparatus to perform at least the following: based on an offset, in an eye image, from an eye shape of an eye having a gaze directly at a viewer, provide a modification to a contour of an eyelid featured in the eye image for use in image manipulation to adjust the eye shape to appear as having a gaze directly at a viewer.. . ... Nokia

02/16/17 / #20170046730

Wireless electronic couponing technique

An electronic couponing technique includes transferring coupon information, which may include a coupon id (identification) to a first portable terminal and storing same therein. The portable terminal displays a representation of the transferred coupon information on a display thereof. ... Nokia

02/16/17 / #20170046053

Apparatus, method, and computer program product for video enhanced photo browsing

Mechanisms are described for enhancing a user's photo browsing experience by presenting one or more video clips associated with an area of the photo that the user is viewing. For example, a pre-recorded still image may be presented on a display, and the still image may be associated with a pre-recorded video. ... Nokia

02/16/17 / #20170045888

An apparatus, method and computer program for enabling charging of a vehicle

An apparatus (1), method and computer program wherein the apparatus (1) comprises: processing circuitry (5); and memory circuitry (7) including computer program code (11); the memory circuitry (7) and the computer program code (11) con - figured to, with the processing circuitry (7), cause the apparatus (1) at least to perform: obtaining information from a solar powered vehicle (31) wherein the information comprises at least a current location of the solar powered vehicle (31); obtaining information (25) relating to distribution of solar power in a predetermined area; using the obtained information to determine a solar power charging strategy (27); and enabling the solar powered vehicle (31) to access the solar power charging strategy (27).. . ... Nokia

02/16/17 / #20170045752

Polarization rotator-combiner for optical communications

An apparatus may include an optical combiner configured to combine a first optical beam having an adjusted first polarization with a second optical beam having an adjusted second polarization into an output beam having a third polarization. The third polarization may be a linear combination of the adjusted first polarization and the adjusted second polarization. ... Nokia

02/16/17 / #20170043255

Interaction between virtual reality entities and real entities

Methods and apparatus, including computer program products, are provided for accessing virtual devices. In one aspect there is provided a method. ... Nokia

02/09/17 / #20170041916

Position information based access to a shared radio access channel

A mobile radio device uses its own location/position information to itself select a radio access resource from a plurality of radio access resources shared among a plurality of mobile radio devices; and sends a transmission on a wireless shared radio access channel using the selected radio access resource. In non-limiting embodiments: the location/position information represents global/absolute physical position, or a position relative to a local reference location within an access region which may be a cell, building, roadway, etc.; and the radio access resources are time slots; frequency blocks; and/or preambles. ... Nokia

02/09/17 / #20170041868

Method, apparatus, and computer program product for low power data delivery

An example embodiment enhances power savings in a wireless network, where each wireless device has a hop count value indicating how many hops away is one or more central wireless devices. A device determines that it has information to deliver to the one or more central devices. ... Nokia

02/09/17 / #20170041848

Method and device for data processing in a mobile communication network

A method and a device for data processing in a mobile are provided, wherein a handover parameter of at least one cell is negotiated between a first cell and a second cell based on a load situation at the first cell and/or at the second cell.. . ... Nokia

02/09/17 / #20170041841

Techniques for rach (random access channel)-less synchronized handover for wireless networks

An example technique is provided for receiving, by a target base station (bs) from a source bs, information identifying a source cell or the source bs, and a first time advance value used by the user device to transmit signals to the source bs, receiving a signal by the target bs that was transmitted from the user device based on the first time advance value, determining, by the target bs based upon the first time advance value and the received signal from the user device, a second time advance value to be used by the user device to transmit data to the target bs, sending the second time advance value from the target bs to the source bs, receiving, by the target bs, a handover of the user device from the source bs to the target bs, and receiving data by the target bs from the user device based on the second time advance value.. . ... Nokia

02/09/17 / #20170041380

Media file sharing, correlation of metadata related to shared media files and assembling shared media file collections

The present invention provides for systems and methods for communicating media files and creating a collection of media files, also referred to herein as a master media file. In addition, the systems and methods of the present invention provide for the creation of automatic metadata and compilation of metadata associated with the collection of media files. ... Nokia

02/09/17 / #20170041033

Enhancing interference rejection

An apparatus and a method are provided. The solution includes controlling the reception of a signal; dividing the received signal into a predetermined number of signal streams including the same information; applying a linear process to each signal stream, the processes having different frequency characteristics for each stream; applying a shared interference rejection over the signal streams.. ... Nokia

02/09/17 / #20170039695

Method and apparatus for rendering a perspective view of objects and content related thereto for location-based services on mobile device

A method including causing, at least in part, rendering of a perspective view showing one or more objects in a field of view. The method further including retrieving content associated with an object of the one or more objects in the field of view, and causing, at least in part, rendering of a graphic representation relating to the content on a surface of the object visible in the perspective view in a user interface for a location-based service of a mobile device.. ... Nokia

02/09/17 / #20170039436

Fusion of rgb images and lidar data for lane classification

Point cloud data is received and a ground plane is segmented. A two-dimensional image of the segmented ground plane is generated based on intensity values of the segmented ground plane. ... Nokia

02/09/17 / #20170038831

Display of information on a head mounted display

A method comprising causing display of information on a head mounted display that is worn by a user, receiving eye movement information associated with the user, receiving head movement information associated with the user, determining that the eye movement information and the head movement information are inconsistent with the user viewing the information on the head mounted display, and decreasing prominence of the information on the head mounted display based, at least in part, on the determination that the eye movement information and the head movement information are inconsistent with the user viewing the information on the head mounted display is disclosed.. . ... Nokia

02/02/17 / #20170034749

Interworking with bearer-based system

Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for interworking between bearer-less networks and bearer-based networks are provided. One method includes receiving, by a network entity in a bearer-less network, a context request to obtain user equipment context information for a user equipment moving from the bearer-less network to a bearer-based network. ... Nokia

02/02/17 / #20170034710

Method, apparatus and system

There is provided a method including determining for a plurality of baseband units, in dependence on one or more parameters, which radio access technology is supported by a respective base band unit and causing said baseband unit to operate in said respective radio access technology.. . ... Nokia

02/02/17 / #20170034708

Method, apparatus and computer program

A method including: receiving, at a first cell, radio resource information from a second cell, said first and second cells in at least one network controlled by two or more operators; receiving operator identity information and cell-type information at said first cell from said second cell; appending said operator identity information and said cell-type information to said radio resource information; and allocating radio resources in dependence on said information.. . ... Nokia

02/02/17 / #20170034687

Adaptive d2d discovery operations

First and second level discovery messages for device-to-device discovery are determined to be going to be transmitted, resource(s) are requested for transmission of at least the second level discovery message, and allocated resource(s) of a second type are received. The first level discovery message is transmitted on either a selected resource of the first type or a selected one of the allocated resource(s). ... Nokia

02/02/17 / #20170034686

Inter-operator device-to-device operation

Various communication systems may benefit from inter-operator device-to-device operation. For example, communication systems of the third generation partnership project (3gpp) long term evolution (lte) advanced (lte-a) release12/13 (rel-12/13) or future releases may use such operation with respect to d2d communications. ... Nokia

02/02/17 / #20170034221

Session parameters in the periodic assistance data delivery

Session parameters and/or information regarding session parameters are provided to a target device from a location server in a periodic assistance session. For example, the location server starts an unsolicited periodic assistance session, and transmits information indicating the unsolicited assistance session is periodic as well as any relevant session parameters to the target device. ... Nokia

02/02/17 / #20170034122

Multi tenancy in software defined networking

A processing entity (10) requests an sdn control entity (20) of a virtual network system to perform a specific function for an application processed by the processing entity (10), and indicates an identification of a virtual network operator associated with the application to the sdn control entity (20). The sdn control entity (20) receives the request and performs (s2) the specific function based on the identification of the virtual network operator.. ... Nokia

02/02/17 / #20170034025

Methods and apparatuses for measurement of packet delay in uplink in e-utran

Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for packet delay measurement are provided. One method may include sending, by a network node, a grant in uplink to a user equipment that previously indicated a need for data transmission for quality of service (qos) class identifier (qci) services. ... Nokia

02/02/17 / #20170033961

Distributed base station with frequency domain interface on which signal subspace varies according to frequency bin

A method and apparatus is disclosed for determining a signal subspace in a communications system. A remote apparatus obtains signal streams from antenna elements or signal streams from antenna beams. ... Nokia

02/02/17 / #20170033761

Phase shifted resonator

Methods and apparatus, including computer program products, are provided for a tunable filter. In some example embodiments, there may be provided an apparatus. ... Nokia

02/02/17 / #20170033752

Recording level adjustment using a distance to a sound source

An apparatus including a recording system including at least one microphone; a controller including a processor and a non-transitory memory, where the controller is configured to automatically adjust at least one recording parameter for a sound signal from the at least one microphone based, at least partially, upon a distance between the apparatus and a sound source; and a distance determinator configured to determine the distance between the apparatus and the sound source and provide the determined distance to the controller so as to adjust the at least one recording parameter, where the distance determinator includes at least one sensor and does not include the at least one microphone, where the apparatus is a portable electronic device.. . ... Nokia

02/02/17 / #20170032030

Method, apparatus and computer program for selecting an audio track

A server or networked server system comprising: means to receive a request for an audio track having an identifier from a requesting apparatus; means to process the request to determine a plurality of differently performed versions of the requested audiotrack; and means to provide the plurality of differently performed versions of the audio track to the requesting apparatus.. . ... Nokia

01/26/17 / #20170026982

Method, apparatus and computer program for scheduling in dual connectivity scenarios

. . A method includes receiving at a first base station rate information dependent on communication between a user equipment and another base station and using said rate information to schedule communications between said first base station and said user equipment.. . ... Nokia

01/26/17 / #20170026630

Method, apparatus, and computer program product for robust image registration based on deep sparse representation

A method, apparatus, and computer program product are provided for providing personalized depth of field perception for omnidirectional video. A method is provided that includes generating, by a processor, a three-dimensional reconstruction of content from an omnidirectional capture device; determining a camera pose of an end user device in relation to the omnidirectional capture device content; identifying an object of interest in the content based in part on the camera pose of the end user device; generating an artificial depth of field for the content wherein the object of interest is in focus; and causing a personalized content view to be provided based on the object of interest and the artificial depth of field. ... Nokia

01/26/17 / #20170026513

Venue owner-controllable per-venue service configuration

There are provided measures for venue owner-controllable per-venue service configuration. Such measures could comprise configuring a per-venue service model of services of a network operator for terminal devices of subscribers of the network operator on the basis of an input by a venue owner of a venue, the per-venue service model including at least one configurable parameter for defining a venue-based service for terminal devices of subscribers residing in a specified venue area of the venue, and controlling provision of services of the network operator to terminal devices or subscribers of terminal devices in accordance with the per-venue service model depending on applicability thereof for the service provision.. ... Nokia

01/26/17 / #20170026371

User equipment credential system

A user equipment in a communications system, the user equipment comprising: a memory arranged to store at least one identifier associated with the user equipment; a transceiver arranged to communicate with a node in the communication system, wherein the transceiver is arranged to receive the at least one identifier from the node in the communications system, wherein the at least one identifier is used by the user equipment to authenticate the user equipment to at least one further node in the communications system.. . ... Nokia

01/26/17 / #20170026251

Screening information for a coverage model

It is disclosed to determine whether information useable for a generating/updating process that comprises generating and/or updating at least one model for a coverage area of a communication node shall be discarded or made available to said generating/updating process.. . ... Nokia

01/26/17 / #20170026203

Phase noise tracking and reduction

A group of data symbols for a current block of data symbols in multiple blocks received over a communication channel is equalized, based on a pilot block, to generate a group of equalized symbols. The group of equalized symbols is de-rotated as a function of a current phase estimate to determine initial de-rotated equalized symbols. ... Nokia

01/26/17 / #20170026156

High resolution channel sounding for fdd communications

A method includes scheduling a selected ue operating in a fdd mode to transmit sounding information on a downlink carrier frequency using selected resource(s) from a downlink radio frame, and communicating using the downlink radio frame by transmitting to ues in resources other than at least the selected resource(s) and by receiving the sounding information on the downlink carrier frequency from the selected ue in the selected resource(s). Another method includes scheduling a selected ue operating in a fdd mode to receive sounding information on an uplink carrier frequency using selected resource(s) from an uplink radio frame, and communicating using the uplink radio frame by receiving from ues in resources in the uplink radio frame other than at least the selected resource(s) and by transmitting the sounding information on the uplink carrier frequency to the selected ue in the selected resource(s). ... Nokia

01/26/17 / #20170024057

Touch screen and electronic device using the same

Embodiments of the invention provide a touch screen. The touch screen includes a screen module composed of a plurality of constituent units, in which at least two constituent units are configured to be initially activated to detect proximity of at least one object, and a touch controller. ... Nokia

01/19/17 / #20170019945

Dual connectivity re-establishment

An apparatus and method are provided. A request for re-establishment of a connection is received at a primary access node. ... Nokia

01/19/17 / #20170019935

Pairing of devices

According to an example embodiment of the present invention, there is provided an apparatus comprising at least one processing core configured to determine a pairing opportunity with a second apparatus and to cause a message to be transmitted to a server, the message comprising a generated number, a receiver configured to receive from the server an indication, and the at least one processing core being further configured to, at least in part based on the indication, cause the apparatus to participate in pairing with the second apparatus.. . ... Nokia

01/19/17 / #20170019903

Coordination of downlink channel assignments for communication with cluster of access points in wireless network

An example technique may include determining, by a user device, downlink control channel timing information for each of a plurality of access points including for a serving access point that serves the user device and one or more standby access points; sending, by the user device to a cluster set manager via the serving access point, the downlink control channel timing information for each of the plurality of access points; receiving, by the user device from the cluster set manager via the serving access point, downlink control channel allocations including information identifying a downlink control channel allocated to the user device for each of a plurality of the access points; and receiving, by the user device, information from at least one of a plurality of the access points via a downlink control channel allocated to the user device for the at least one of the plurality of access points.. . ... Nokia

01/19/17 / #20170019866

Method and apparatus for triggering a power headroom report

Various methods are provided for triggering a power headroom report. One example method may include storing a first pathloss value and a second pathloss value for a first entity and a first pathloss value and a second pathloss value for a second entity, for each of the first entity and second entity, determining whether first pathloss value or second pathloss value has changed more than a corresponding threshold value, determining whether the ue has ul resources for a new transmission, and in an instance where, for at least one of the first entity or second entity, the first pathloss value or second pathloss value has changed (e.g., increased or decreased) more than the corresponding threshold value, triggering a phr. ... Nokia

01/19/17 / #20170019816

Enhanced quality of service class identifier modification

There are provided measures for enhanced quality of service class identifier modification. Such measures exemplarily comprise receiving a message indicative of a quality of service class identifier, determining, whether said quality of service class identifier is supported by a communication endpoint, and transmitting a response based on a result of said determining.. ... Nokia

01/19/17 / #20170019495

Distribution of popular content between user nodes of a social network community via direct proximity-based communication

There is provided a method, comprising: arranging a set of user nodes (311-322) of a social network community (302) into at least one proximity-based cluster (304, 306, 308); determining popular data content in a given proximity-based cluster; and proactively caching the popular data content to at least one user node of the proximity-based cluster, in order to enable the user nodes in the proximity-based cluster to transfer the popular data content via direct proximity-based communication between the user nodes.. . ... Nokia

01/19/17 / #20170019384

Content management

According to an example embodiment of the present invention, there is provided an apparatus comprising at least one secure element configured to store at least two credentials, and at least one processing core configured to cause a first one of the at least two credentials to be employed to decrypt a first encrypted content to produce a first decrypted content, to cause a second one of the at least two credentials to be employed to decrypt a second encrypted content to produce a second decrypted content, and to cause the first decrypted content be provided to a first rendering device over a first secured tunnel connection, wherein an endpoint of the first secured tunnel connection resides in the apparatus.. . ... Nokia

01/19/17 / #20170019252

Method and apparatus for quantum cryptography

Methods and apparatus for use in quantum cryptographic applications are disclosed. An optical signal having a first wavelength is encoded for quantum cryptography at a stage where the optical signal is on at least two signal paths. ... Nokia

01/19/17 / #20170019159

Method and apparatus for flexible product codebook signaling

A method and apparatus can be configured to transmit a number of azimuth antenna elements. The method can also comprise transmitting a number of elevation antenna elements. ... Nokia

01/19/17 / #20170019129

Method and arrangement for transmitting and receiving rf signals through various radio interfaces of communication systems

A method and arrangement for transmitting and receiving rf signals, associated with different radio interfaces of communication systems, employ a direct conversion based transceiver which substantially comprises one receive signal branch and one transmit signal branch. Mixing frequencies of the different systems are generated by a single common by use of an output frequency divider in combination with the synthesizer, and by use of filtering corresponding to a system channel bandwidth by means of a controllable low-pass filter operating at baseband frequency.. ... Nokia

01/19/17 / #20170018938

Apparatus, a system, a computer program product and a method for signalling between an accessory and an apparatus

The invention relates to an apparatus, to an accessory, to methods and computer program products for them, and to a system comprising the apparatus and the accessory. The apparatus comprises at least one processor, memory including computer program code. ... Nokia

01/19/17 / #20170017841

Method and apparatus for facilitating improved biometric recognition using iris segmentation

Various methods are provided for facilitating biometric recognition. One example method may comprise receiving an image, the image comprising a plurality of pixels, generating a binary mask image from the image, the binary mask image identifying a plurality of target pixels from among the plurality of pixels, determining a first subset of misclassified target pixels by estimating a first boundary region and identifying a portion of target pixels that are outside of the first boundary region, and determining a second subset of misclassified target pixels by estimating a second boundary region and identifying a portion of target pixels that are within the second boundary region.. ... Nokia

01/19/17 / #20170017512

Notification about virtual machine live migration to vnf manager

Notification about virtual machine live migration to vnf manager various network systems may benefit from receiving notification about virtual live migration. For example, clustered telecommunication applications may benefit from live migration notifications of their virtual machines (vm). ... Nokia

01/19/17 / #20170017481

Method and apparatus for updating a firmware of an apparatus

A method comprising receiving motion information indicative of an input gesture by way of at least one motion sensor comprised by the apparatus, determining that the input gesture is a firmware update gesture, the firmware update gesture being indicative of a directive to update a firmware of the apparatus, sending a firmware download request to a separate apparatus based, at least in part, on determining that the input gesture is the firmware update gesture, receiving firmware update information from the separate apparatus based, at least in part, on the firmware download request, and updating the firmware of the apparatus based, at least in part, on the firmware update information is disclosed.. . ... Nokia

01/19/17 / #20170015599

Method and apparatus for oxidation of two-dimensional materials

In accordance with an example embodiment of the present invention, a method is disclosed. The method comprises providing a two-dimensional object comprising a lll-v group material, e.g. ... Nokia

01/12/17 / #20170013656

Efficient resource utilization

Apparatuses and methods for communication are provided. An example solution may include determining a need for requesting channel resources from other user terminals of a group of user terminals for proximity-based communications within the group of user terminals; transmitting a channel resource request to at least one user terminal of the group of user terminals; receiving one or more responses to the request, the one or more responses coming from other user terminals of the group and including information on available channel resources; selecting the channel resources to utilise and starting transmission utilising the selected channel resources.. ... Nokia

01/12/17 / #20170013652

Decentralizing core network functionalities

The present invention relates to methods and apparatuses for providing network access, wherein a connection to a core network is established via a wireless access device and a gateway device. Connectivity of the wireless access device is restricted to a pre-defined group of core network address of a pool of gateway devices with multi-node connectivity to the core network, and a single address is selected to establish the connection to a one of the gateway devices. ... Nokia

01/12/17 / #20170013596

Control of semi-persistent channel occupation for device-to device (d2d) wireless communications

Various example implementations are provided to improve wireless resource usage in a device-to-device (d2d) wireless network. According to one example implementation, a first user device may transfer a wireless channel to another user device of the d2d user group before an end of a current channel holding period. ... Nokia

01/12/17 / #20170013490

Dormant cell rrm measurement reporting

The present invention provides apparatuses, methods, computer programs, computer program products and computer-readable media regarding dormant cell rrm (radio resource management) measurement reporting. Certain aspects of the present invention include configuring, at a base station, a measurment configuration message for causing user equipment served by the base station to perform and report measurements on cells, the measurement configuration message comprising information indicating criteria impacting a measurement reporting procedure with respect to the cells, the said criteria being related to at least one of the state of a cell, a type of a cell, and a type of a signal used for the measurements of the cells, and transmitting said configured measurement configuration message to the user equipment.. ... Nokia

01/12/17 / #20170013258

Method and apparatus for calibrating an audio playback system

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided to facilitate calibration of an audio playback system with a video presented upon a display. In the context of a method, information about a display from a first location is received. ... Nokia

01/12/17 / #20170013043

Sending of a stream segment deletion directive

A method comprising causation of capture of a stream of visual information, sending of at least a portion of the stream of visual information to a separate apparatus, receipt of information indicative of a stream segment deletion input that identifies a segment of the stream of visual information for deletion, and sending of a stream segment deletion directive to the separate apparatus based, at least in part, on the stream segment deletion input is disclosed.. . ... Nokia

01/12/17 / #20170012729

Timing acquisition techniques for mobile station in wireless network

An example technique may include receiving, by a mobile station from a cell, a first block of symbols and a second block of symbols, each of the first and second blocks of symbols including a plurality of contiguous segments that include a plurality of symbols, performing, by the mobile station, a short correlation of each segment of the first block of symbols with a corresponding segment of the second block of symbols to obtain a plurality of segment correlation results, determining a block correlation result for the first block of symbols and the second block of symbols based on summing at least a first subset of the segment correlation results and subtracting a second subset of the segment correlation results.. . ... Nokia

01/12/17 / #20170012724

Opportunistic comp with low rate low latency feedback

A method and an apparatus is provided by which a transmission is received on a transmission channel, wherein the transmission channel includes a plurality of channel units via which transmission is carried out; channel prediction values for at least one of the plurality of channel units are obtained; it is determined whether the channel prediction value of the at least one channel unit is correct or not, and, in case the channel prediction value is not correct, an error of the at least one channel unit is reported.. . ... Nokia

01/12/17 / #20170012597

Rf filter suppression tuning based on transmit power

Methods and apparatus, including computer program products, are provided filters. In some example embodiments, there is provided a radio frequency filter including at least one resonant circuit selectable to vary at least the selectivity of the radio frequency filter, wherein the selectivity is varied based on at least one of a first amount of transmit power being used at a user equipment and a second amount of received signal power. ... Nokia

01/12/17 / #20170010678

Performance of an operation based at least in part on tilt of a wrist worn apparatus

A method comprising determining occurrence of a software event on a wrist worn apparatus, determining a notification based, at least in part, on the software event such that the notification comprises information that signifies the software event, causing rendering of the notification, determining that the wrist worn apparatus has been tilted from a user-facing direction to a non-user-facing direction, determining that the wrist worn apparatus has been tilted from the non-user-facing direction to another user-facing direction within a notification tilt actuation threshold duration from determining that the wrist worn apparatus has been tilted from the user-facing direction to the non-user-facing direction, and causing performance of at least one operation associated with the software event is disclosed.. . ... Nokia

01/05/17 / #20170006616

Sensitivity tuning in wireless networks

. . An access point in a random access wireless network is presented, which performs medium access control for transmissions from a plurality of stations to the access point using a carrier sense multiple access protocol. The csma protocol is based on the access point having a variable sensitivity level to detecting other transmissions on a wireless channel in order to avoid data collisions. ... Nokia

01/05/17 / #20170006611

Fair resource sharing in broadcast based d2d communications

Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for fair resource sharing among user(s) or user groups in broadcast based d2d communications are provided. One method includes monitoring, by a cluster head, at least one user group sharing physical channel resources. ... Nokia

01/05/17 / #20170006510

Special handling of low priority cells

Methods and apparatus, including computer program products, are provided low priority cells. In one aspect there is provided a method, which may include performing, by a user equipment, monitoring of at least a second carrier during times not associated with measurement gaps, when the second carrier is designated as a low priority carrier.. ... Nokia

01/05/17 / #20170006509

User equipment adaptation of reporting triggers based on active set size

When a given user equipment (ue) has a plurality k of cells currently serving it, in various embodiments there is an algorithm for triggering the ue to wirelessly send a cell measurement report. The algorithm utilizes a parameter whose value is dependent on the number k of cells currently in the ue's active set. ... Nokia

01/05/17 / #20170006485

Method and apparatus for multimedia broadcast single frequency network measurements

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided for multimedia broadcast single frequency network measurements. A method is provided for receiving a multimedia broadcast single frequency network measurement request (32); and measuring, at a user equipment, multimedia broadcast single frequency network parameters, wherein the multimedia broadcast single multimedia broadcast single frequency network measurement is independent of the user equipment radio resource control state (34).. ... Nokia

01/05/17 / #20170006311

Carriage of sei messages in rtp payload format

A system and method of modifying error resiliency features by conveying temporal level 0 picture indices, such as t10_pic_idx, within an sei message instead of optionally including them in the nal unit header is provided. In addition, a mechanism is provided for enabling repetition of any sei messages in real-time transport protocol (rtp) packets. ... Nokia

01/05/17 / #20170006095

Method and apparatus for data-sharing

A method, corresponding apparatuses, and a computer program product for data-sharing are provided. The method comprises transmitting, from a user equipment of a plurality of user equipments within a local area, a first data-sharing request message to at least another user equipment of the plurality of user equipments. ... Nokia

01/05/17 / #20170004381

Method and apparatus for recognizing a device

An apparatus, and computer program can recognize an iot device. The apparatus, for example, may comprise at least one processor, and at least one memory including computer program code, the at least one memory and the computer program code configured to, with the at least one processor, cause the apparatus to receive an indication of an identifier of another apparatus via wireless communication, retrieve an emission pattern, and display a representation of the emission pattern according to a time-synchronization signal, wherein the retrieved emission pattern and the received indication are associated with each other. ... Nokia

01/05/17 / #20170004303

Method and apparatus for malware detection

An approach is provided for providing an offline malware detection, and in addition a real-time malware detection. The offline malware detection may comprise: detecting at least one of function calling map of the application offline, wherein a function calling map records relationships of callings among functions called by the application; extracting patterns of the function callings of the application from the at least one function calling map; and comparing the extracted pattern with at least one basic pattern of normal applications. ... Nokia








ARCHIVE: New 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009



###

This listing is an abstract for educational and research purposes is only meant as a recent sample of applications filed, not a comprehensive history. Freshpatents.com is not affiliated or associated with Nokia in any way and there may be associated servicemarks. This data is also published to the public by the USPTO and available for free on their website. Note that there may be alternative spellings for Nokia with additional patents listed. Browse our Agent directory for other possible listings. Page by FreshPatents.com

###