Real Time Touch



new TOP 200 Companies filing patents this week

new Companies with the Most Patent Filings (2010+)




Real Time Touch

Nokia patents (2018 archive)


Recent patent applications related to Nokia. Nokia is listed as an Agent/Assignee. Note: Nokia may have other listings under different names/spellings. We're not affiliated with Nokia, we're just tracking patents.

ARCHIVE: New 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 | Company Directory "N" | Nokia-related inventors


User-plane enhancements supporting in-bearer sub-flow qos differentiation

Embodiments concern managing traffic in a radio device. While classifying user-plane packets from multiple applications according to quality of service requirements, a specific user-plane packet is classified as/determined to be a predetermined special-type packet (e.g., the special-type packets establish a new tcp/ip connection for a newly activated application). ... Nokia

Distributed audio microphone array and locator configuration

Apparatus including: a plurality of microphones arranged in a geometry around a first axis such that the apparatus is configured to capture sound from predetermined directions around the formed geometry; a locator configured to receive at least one remote location signal such that the apparatus may locate an audio source associated with a tag generating the remote location signal, the locator including an array of antenna elements, the antenna elements being arranged around the first axis; and a mount configured to mechanically couple the plurality of microphones and the locator.. . ... Nokia

Reference picture handling

A reference picture marking process and a reference picture list management process is handled in a unified reference picture marking and reference picture list management process. A new idle reference picture list may be used for handling reference pictures that are not used for reference in the current picture. ... Nokia

Transition from display of first camera information to display of second camera information

A method including receiving first camera information that is indicative of visual information from a first camera location, causing display of the first camera information, receiving second camera information that is indicative of visual information from a second camera location, identifying an object that is represented in the first camera information and represented in the second camera information, receiving an object selection input that designates a representation of the object from the first camera information, receiving an object movement input that is indicative of movement in relation to the object, determining that a direction of the object movement input is opposite to a direction from the first camera location to the second camera location, and causing transition from display of the first camera information to display of the second camera information is disclosed.. . ... Nokia

Audio and visual system including a mask functioning for a camera module and an audio transducer module

An audio and visual system and a wearable device that incorporates an audio and visual system are provided. The audio and visual system may include a camera sensor and a mask overlying the camera sensor and spaced therefrom so as to at least in part define a first cavity between the camera sensor and the mask. ... Nokia

Two-user authentication

According to an example aspect of the present invention, there is provided an apparatus comprising at least one processing core, at least one memory including computer program code, the at least one memory and the computer program code being configured to, with the at least one processing core, cause the apparatus at least to receive from a first device a digital key, receive from a second device an encrypted data item, decrypt the encrypted data item using the digital key to obtain a decrypted data item, and verify the decrypted data item matches a reference data item, and responsive to the decrypted data item matching the reference data item, grant access to at least one of the first device and the second device.. . ... Nokia

User device signal processing based on triggered reference signals for wireless networks

A technique is provided for receiving, by a user device from a base station, a control signal indicating that base station-triggered reference signals will be transmitted to the user device, and receiving, by the user device, the base station-triggered reference signals on a set of time-frequency resources in at least one physical downlink control channel (pdcch) search space.. . ... Nokia

Monitoring

A method comprising: recognizing a first two-handed gesture and a second two-handed gesture in a monitored scene space to at least partially define a shape and position of a computer-implemented virtual boundary in a corresponding monitoring space, wherein the first two-handed gesture in the monitored scene space specifies a first two points in the monitoring space and the second two-handed gesture in the monitored scene space specifies a second two points in the monitoring space; causing implementation of the computer-implemented virtual boundary in the monitoring space corresponding to the monitored scene space, wherein a shape and position of the computer-implemented virtual boundary is at least partially defined by the first two points in the monitoring space and the second two points in the monitoring space; and processing received data to generate a response event when there is a change in a portion of the monitored scene space relative to the computer-implemented virtual boundary in the corresponding monitoring space.. . ... Nokia

Discovery, announcement and assignment of position tracks

Embodiments herein relate to methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for discovery, announcement and assignment of position tracks. An example method includes: determining discovery information for discovery of position tracking channels for at least a first positioning system; transmitting the discovery information to the first positioning system; receiving a message from the first positioning system comprising information identifying a set of position tracking channels based on the discovery information, wherein each position tracking channel in the set is associated with a respective object tracked by the first positioning system; and associating at least a first position tracking channel of the set to at least one of: an audio stream, and a second position tracking channel from a second positioning system.. ... Nokia

Method, apparatus and system

There is provided a method comprising configuring at least one physical resource block of a first transmission time interval, comprising determining allocation of resource elements of the at least one physical resource block to at least one resource element group per physical resource block or per virtual resource block.. . ... Nokia

Backhaul aware cell range optimization of small cells in heterogenous networks

In a telecommunications network in which a wireless backhaul between a base station and a small cell is present, handover and cell selection parameters may take the strength of the wireless backhaul into account in order to optimize spectral efficiency, and to steer cells towards a small cell or a macro cell.. . ... Nokia

Video region indicator that indicates that video content is available

A method comprising determining an interaction navigational location, causing display of a perspective image that depicts a view of a portion of map information from the interaction navigational location, causing display of a video region indicator that indicates that video content is available at a video navigational location, the video content depicting a view of a portion of the map information from the video navigational location, determining that the interaction navigational location has changed such the interaction navigational location corresponds with the video navigational location, and causing rendering of the video content based, at least in part, on the interaction navigational location corresponding with the video navigational location is disclosed.. . ... Nokia

Spatial audio apparatus

An apparatus comprising: an input configured to receive at least one audio signal from a further apparatus; an input configured to receive at least one audio signal associated with the apparatus; an orientation/location determiner configured to determine a relative orientation/location difference between the apparatus and the further apparatus; an audio processor configured to process the at least one audio signal from the further apparatus based on the relative orientation/location difference between the apparatus and the further apparatus; and a combiner configured to combine the at least one audio signal from the further apparatus having been processed and the at least one audio signal associated with the apparatus.. . ... Nokia

Controlling of communication network comprising virtualized network functions

An apparatus and a method are configured to host subscription data of communication elements of a communication network attached to virtualized network functions on the basis of a stored indication, and storing an indication for the virtualized network functions indicating whether the virtualized network functions are de-instantiated. A message directed to a virtualized network function is received and processed, and the method then checks whether the virtualized network function is indicated to be still instantiated or not. ... Nokia

07/05/18 / #20180191568

Controlling of communication network comprising virtualized network functions

A method and apparatus are configured to receive and process an attach request from a communication element of a communication network. A response to the attached request is prepared, and transmission of the response is caused. ... Nokia

07/05/18 / #20180191567

Controlling of communication network comprising virtualized network functions

An apparatus and method which obtain an indication related to a de-instantiation of at least one virtualized network function providing services to a communication network. The obtained indication is used for determining or recognizing the virtualized network function being de-instantiated and for avoiding conducting a communication attempt to the virtualized network function to be de-instantiated.. ... Nokia

07/05/18 / #20180191549

Apparatus and method for reusing existing constellation for superposed transmission

One embodiment is directed to a method comprising deciding to multiplex the data of at least two users within a super-constellation; determining the power split ratio among the at least two users; selecting a super-constellation; and based on the determined power split ratio, choosing a subset of the super-constellation points forming the superposition of modulation constellations of the at least two users.. . ... Nokia

07/05/18 / #20180191516

Proximity services priority control for multicast traffic in proximity services user equipment - network relay scenario

Various communication systems may benefit from proper priority control. For example, communication devices in a proximity services user equipment to network relay scenario may benefit from proximity services priority control for multicast traffic. ... Nokia

07/05/18 / #20180191482

Adjacent frequency bands

To take into account a possible interference between adjacent frequencies and yet minimizing overhead, a first transmission mode used in a first frequency band and a second transmission mode used in a second frequency band that is adjacent to the first frequency band are determined, the transmission modes are compared, and based on an outcome of the comparing a size of a guard band to be used between the first frequency band and the second frequency band is determined.. . ... Nokia

07/05/18 / #20180190854

Device for emitting and detecting photons and method of producing the same

A single device for emitting and detecting photons. The device comprises a semiconductive layer (3), active material (5), further dielectric layer (17) and overlying electrode (25). ... Nokia

07/05/18 / #20180190300

Adapting a distributed audio recording for end user free viewpoint monitoring

An audio scene is captured in multiple audio channels by distributed microphones. Based on at least one of a viewpoint of a user and at least one preference of a user, two or more of those multiple audio channels are selected from among those multiple audio channels; those selected two or more audio channels are prioritized based on at least one of preferences of the user, requirements of a software application of a device operated by the user, and requirements of operating conditions of the device. ... Nokia

07/05/18 / #20180190166

Control of selective actuation of a light filter array

A method including, in a standard display mode, causing display of a graphical element at a position on a see through display that includes a light projection display that overlays a light filtration array such that the light projection display projects the graphical element at the position on the see through display and the light filtration array filters ambient light at the position on the see through display, transitioning from the standard display mode to a low power display mode, causing termination of display of the graphical element on the see through display based on the low power display mode, determining that an event has occurred, generating a notification that signifies the event, and causing actuation of the light filtration array such that a plurality of light filtration cells of the light filtration array are selectively actuated in a pattern that depicts the notification is disclosed.. . ... Nokia

07/05/18 / #20180190005

Audio processing

A method comprising: causing detection of a modification of a visual appearance of a portion of the visual scene; causing determination that the portion of the visual scene that has been modified is or includes a first portion of the visual scene that has a corresponding first sound object; causing modification of the first sound object to modify a spatial extent of the first sound object; and causing rendering of the visual scene and the corresponding sound scene including rendering of the modified portion of the visual scene in the visual scene and rendering of the modified first sound object with modified spatial extent in the corresponding sound scene.. . ... Nokia

07/05/18 / #20180189928

Method and apparatus for determining and varying the panning speed of an image based on saliency

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided for varying panning speeds of images based on saliency such that 360-degree images, panoramic images, video images and/or other wide view area images may be efficiently displayed by varying the panning speed such that the user focuses on salient portions of the image. A panning speed is determined based on the currently displayed area and its saliency relative to the saliency of non-displayed or peripheral portions. ... Nokia

07/05/18 / #20180189510

Method, apparatus and computer program product for controlling access to at least one or multiple images captured concurrently

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided to facilitate the concurrent capture of first and second images by a mobile terminal and the subsequent viewing or sharing of the images. In the context of a method, an indication is received that first and second images have been captured concurrently by the mobile terminal. ... Nokia

07/05/18 / #20180188801

Content browsing

A method, apparatus and computer program is provided. The method comprises: causing display of a panoramic menu in which a first panoramic menu item and a second panoramic menu item are simultaneously displayed, wherein the first panoramic menu item extends beyond a user's field of view and is associated with first mediated reality content, and the second panoramic menu item extends beyond a user's field of view and is associated with second mediated reality content, different from the first mediated reality content.. ... Nokia

07/05/18 / #20180188776

Apparatus and associated methods

An apparatus including: at least one processor, and at least one memory including computer program code, the at least one memory and the computer program code configured to, with the at least one processor, cause the apparatus to perform at least the following: in response to user input, disassociate the linking of the orientation of content with respect to the orientation of the display of a portable electronic device to retain the particular orientation of the content with respect to the orientation of the display during the user input.. . ... Nokia

07/05/18 / #20180188540

Polychromatic light out-coupling apparatus, near-eye displays comprising the same, and method of out-coupling polychromatic light

The present invention provides an apparatus including a first out-coupling diffractive optical element and a second out-coupling diffractive optical element. Each of the first and second out-coupling diffractive optical elements includes a first region having a first repeated diffraction spacing, d1, and a second region adjacent to the first region having a second repeated diffraction spacing, d2, different from the first spacing, d1. ... Nokia

06/28/18 / #20180184481

Selective proprietary protocol support indication removal

Various communication systems may benefit from appropriate indication of support for communication protocols. In particular, certain wireless systems that use handover may use selective proprietary protocol support indication removal. ... Nokia

06/28/18 / #20180184480

Method and apparatus for implementing a service flow across different systems

A method and apparatus may include providing, by a network node, an indication to a user equipment. The indication indicates that the network node supports interworking between a first radio-access technology and a second radio-access technology. ... Nokia

06/28/18 / #20180184305

Fast and flexible deployment of user equipment-based relay

Fast and flexible deployment of user equipment-based relays are disclosed. Numerous communication systems may benefit from appropriate use of relays. ... Nokia

06/28/18 / #20180184254

User motion profiling

Respective location data of a plurality of users are distributed into respective buckets for each of the users. Each of the location data indicates a location of the respective user, and each of the buckets includes a respective time interval. ... Nokia

06/28/18 / #20180184180

Media feed synchronisation

A method and apparatus are disclosed for recording, at a recording device, a media feed relating to a scene; receiving a series of wireless synchronisation messages at the recording device; recording a time stamp value with respect to each of the received messages indicating a time of receipt, and storing the time stamp values and the media feed. A method and apparatus are also disclosed for receiving, from each of a first and second recording device, a media feed recorded by the respective recording device and a series of time stamp values, wherein each time stamp value indicates a time of receipt of one of a series of wireless synchronisation messages at the respective recording device, and aligning the set of time stamp values received from a first recording device with the set of time stamp values received from a second recording device to synchronise the media feed received from the first recording device with the media feed received from the second recording device.. ... Nokia

06/28/18 / #20180182146

Geographical location visual information overlay

A method including causing display of a first visual information that is a view from a first geographical location, receiving, by the apparatus, an indication of availability of a second visual information that is a view from a second geographical location, the second geographical location being in a first direction from the first geographical location, determining a position in the first visual information that corresponds with the first direction, and causing display of at least a portion of the second visual information such that the portion of the second visual information overlays the first visual information at the position in the first visual information is disclosed.. . ... Nokia

06/28/18 / #20180182143

Method and apparatus for multi-band blending of a seam in an image derived from multiple cameras

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided to combine images captured by multiple cameras into a panoramic image, such as a 360° panorama, in a manner that reduces image defects and other artifacts at or near a seam between images. In some implementations of example embodiments, the overlapping portions of two images are decomposed into a predetermined number of bands. ... Nokia

06/28/18 / #20180180728

Phasor approach to signal to noise ratio measurement evaluation of physiological signals

Various sensing systems may benefit from appropriate handling of signal to noise ratios. For example, detecting and measuring physiological signals may benefit from a phasor approach to signal to noise ratio measurement evaluation. ... Nokia

06/28/18 / #20180177393

Wearable device for eye movement detection

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided for detecting eye movement with a wearable device attachable to an eyelid. The wearable device may include an arrangement of sensors, including any combination of piezoelectric sensors, accelerometers, and/or any other type of sensor. ... Nokia

06/21/18 / #20180176968

Apparatus, methods and computer programs for establishing wireless connections

An apparatus, method and computer program wherein the apparatus comprises: processing circuitry; and memory circuitry including computer program code; the memory circuitry and the computer program code configured to, with the processing circuitry, cause the apparatus at least to perform; causing a service to be provided using a first user device and an accessory device wherein the accessory device is connected to the first user device via a wireless connection and wherein a plurality of user devices are registered to a user account; obtaining status information from the first user device; and determining a trigger event has occurred and in response to determining that a trigger event has occurred, enabling a second user device to establish a wireless connection to the accessory device wherein the second user device is registered to the user account.. . ... Nokia

06/21/18 / #20180176964

Radio network temporary identifier generation

Various communication systems may benefit from improved network access. For example, communication systems may benefit from deriving a radio network temporary identification at both a user equipment and a base station, without requiring additional uplink signaling. ... Nokia

06/21/18 / #20180176957

Physical random access channel and random access response detection for user equipment

Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products of prach selection and random access response (rar) detection are provided. One method includes specifying, by a network node, a starting point for preamble repetition having a repetition level such that all user equipment (ues) of the same repetition level start the preamble repetition on a same physical random access channel (prach) resource, determining when a series of the preamble repetition is over, and transmitting a random access response (rar) when the repetition series is finished.. ... Nokia

06/21/18 / #20180176898

Bandwidth reduction with beamforming and data compression

Described are techniques for limiting bandwidth requirements for user equipment ue data sent on a front haul link between a remote radio head rrh and a baseband unit bbu. For a given ue a subset of a plurality of beams is selected based on received energies of the plurality of beams, and for the given ue only data from the selected subset of beams transmitting on a front haul link. ... Nokia

06/21/18 / #20180176875

Guard period in a frame

An aspect of the invention is related to an apparatus comprising at least one processor and at least one memory including a computer program code, the at least one memory and the computer program code configured to, with the at least one processor, cause the apparatus at least to: determine a cell for guard period adaptation; define, for the guard period adaptation, at least two guard period portions of the cell with different guard period lengths within a frame the defining being based on at least one of the following: location of at least one network node in the cell and a propagation delay with respect to the at least one network node, and inform the at least one network node on at least one of the at least two guard period portions of the cell for transmission and/or reception.. . ... Nokia

06/21/18 / #20180176850

Support for minimization of service interruption with device-to-device based user-equipment-to-network relay

Various communication systems may benefit from minimization of service interruption. For example, certain wireless communication systems may benefit from support for minimization of service interruption with device-to-device-based user-equipment-to-network relay. ... Nokia

06/21/18 / #20180176591

Apparatus, a method and a computer program for video coding and decoding

A method comprising encoding a bitstream comprising a base layer, a first enhancement layer and a second enhancement layer; encoding an indication of both the base layer and the first enhancement layer used for prediction for the second enhancement layer in the bitstream; encoding, in the bitstream, an indication of a first set of prediction types that is applicable from the base layer to the second enhancement layer, wherein the first set of prediction types is a subset of all prediction types available for prediction between layers, and encoding, in the bitstream, an indication of a second set of prediction types that is applicable from the base layer or the first enhancement layer to the second enhancement layer, wherein the second set of prediction types is a subset of all prediction types available for prediction between layers.. . ... Nokia

06/21/18 / #20180176545

Virtual reality display

A method is disclosed, comprising providing image data from each of at least two multi-camera devices at different locations in a capture space, each multi-camera device including at least two cameras for capturing respective different images in the capture space, and providing first positional data indicating the respective fields-of-view of each camera of each multi-camera device. In addition, the method may comprise receiving second positional data from a user device indicating the position and orientation of the user device in a virtual space corresponding to the capture space, and selecting, based on the first and second positional data, at least one camera from each of at least two of the multi-camera devices. ... Nokia

06/21/18 / #20180176467

Apparatus and associated methods for virtual reality image capture

A virtual reality image capture device self-righting monopod configured to support and be attached to a virtual reality image capture device, the virtual reality image capture device configured to capture a 360° field of view in an image capture plane; the virtual reality image capture device self-righting monopod configured to self-maintain a predetermined upright orientation parallel to the gravity vector by automatically applying a balancing force to counterbalance an unbalancing force acting to move the virtual reality image capture device self-righting monopod away from the upright orientation, the virtual reality image capture device self-righting monopod dimensioned to lie within a ground-facing blind spot of an attached virtual reality image capture device.. . ... Nokia

06/21/18 / #20180176432

Fill lighting apparatus

An apparatus comprising a length of strip light populated with a plurality of light fixtures, the apparatus configured to be removably attachable to an imaging device; wherein, when the apparatus is attached to the imaging device: the apparatus surrounds the imaging device but does not occlude one or more cameras of the imaging device that are located about the imaging device, such that the apparatus and light emitted by the strip light do not obscure or distort a respective field of view of the one or more cameras; and the plurality of light fixtures of the strip light are controllable to selectively emit light into the environment that surrounds the imaging device.. . ... Nokia

06/21/18 / #20180176264

Apparatus and method for lawful interception

Apparatus and method for lawful interception in accordance with an example embodiment of the present invention, a method is provided for receiving from a gateway apparatus an intercept request regarding user equipment in the communication system; creating or modifying a processing rule regarding the user equipment by including interception in the rule; transmitting to a network switch processing user equipment connections a command to clone and encrypt each signalling or data packet of the user equipment connection and to transmit the encrypted signalling and data packets to a given network apparatus.. . ... Nokia

06/21/18 / #20180175973

Transmission of uplink control information in unlicensed spectrum

Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for the transmission of uplink (ul) control information via unlicensed spectrum are provided. One method includes dynamically allocating, by a network node, control channel resources for transmitting of uplink control information (uci). ... Nokia

06/21/18 / #20180175888

Efficient encoding/decoding for multiple-input multiple-output operating with two codewords

Various communication systems may benefit from efficient encoding and decoding. For example, certain multiple-input multiple-output devices may benefit from efficient encoding and decoding while operating with two codewords. ... Nokia

06/21/18 / #20180175217

Device for sensing radiation

The disclosed device for photodetection includes a first layer of a semiconducting material, a second layer of a two dimensional material, wherein the first and second layers are configured to form an electrical junction, the electrical junction having a potential energy barrier, and a third layer of a material configured to generate one or more excitons upon absorption of incident electromagnetic radiation. Charge separation from the one or more excitons generated in the third layer affects the fermi energy of the second layer, leading to a change of the potential energy barrier height of the electrical junction. ... Nokia

06/21/18 / #20180174690

Systems, methods and apparatuses for estimating the stress valence of an individual from sensor data

Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for inferring the stress valence of an individual from sensor data are provided. One method includes collecting a first set of data from sensor(s) of user device(s), collecting a second set of data including a partial or complete ecological momentary assessment (ema) response from a user, establishing a set of physiological time-series data for the user based on the first set of data and the second set of data, identifying habit information of the user based on the first set of data. ... Nokia

06/21/18 / #20180173400

Media content selection

An apparatus is configured to cause a display to present a graphical user interface having two or more regions that correspond to respective media content characteristics and to receive indication from an input arrangement of received input manipulating an attribute of at least one region of the two or more of the regions and determining a dominance of at least one of said respective characteristics based, at least in part, on said attribute. The apparatus is configured to output information identifying media content in which said at least one characteristic has a dominance within a respective range of dominance values, said range being based, at least in part, on the determined dominance. ... Nokia

06/21/18 / #20180173265

Pull-down circuitry for an apparatus

Apparatus embodiments of the invention are disclosed for requesting power via a wired interface. In example embodiments, a pull-down circuit in the apparatus acting as a power consumer when there is no energy in the apparatus, is connected via a configuration line over a cable to a power provider device. ... Nokia

06/21/18 / #20180172812

Determining distances

This document discloses a solution for determining distances. In the solution, a first frame is transmitted (200) to a second apparatus; a second frame is received (202) from the second apparatus, as response to the first frame; an indication of the duration between the reception time of the first frame and transmission of the second frame is received (204); an indication whether the duration is constant or variable is received (206); and in case the duration is constant, the distance between the first apparatus and the second apparatus is determined (208) based at least partly on the indication of the duration.. ... Nokia

06/21/18 / #20180172652

An apparatus for detecting carbon monoxide

An apparatus including an oxidation cell configured to oxidize carbon monoxide to produce carbon dioxide; and a sensor configured to detect carbon dioxide produced by the oxidation cell.. . ... Nokia

06/21/18 / #20180172628

An apparatus comprising a nanomembrane, and associated methods

An apparatus comprising a channel member(401), first and second electrodes (403, 404) configured to enable a flow of electrical current from the first electrode through the channel member to the second electrode, and a supporting substrate (402) configured to support the channel member and the first and second electrodes, wherein the channel member is separated from the supporting substrate by a nanomembrane (411) configured to facilitate the flow of electrical current through the channel member by inhibiting interactions between the channel member and supporting substrate. Possibly, a conductive shield layer (412) is present between the substrate and the nanomembrane, which may be a nanomembrane as well. ... Nokia

06/21/18 / #20180170115

Pneumatic tire, a tread band, and a tread block comprising a sipe, and a lamella plate for the manufacture thereof

A pneumatic tire is provided with sipes, at least some of which have an open top end to the surface of the tread block. An intersection of the sipe with a surface that is geometrically congruent and parallel with the surface of the tread block and arranged a depth apart from the surface of the tread block into the tread block forms a curved line. ... Nokia

06/21/18 / #20180168495

An apparatus comprising a light detector, a light source and optics

An apparatus comprising: a light detector; a light source, laterally offset from the light detector by a first lateral offset; optics configured to receive light emitted by the light source and output the received light, wherein a majority of the light output is directed towards an offset region laterally offset from the light detector by at least a second lateral offset different from the first lateral offset.. . ... Nokia

06/14/18 / #20180167755

Distributed audio mixing

Systems and methods for distributed audio mixing are disclosed, comprising providing one or more predefined constellations, each constellation defining a spatial arrangement of points forming a shape or pattern and receiving positional data indicative of the spatial positions of a plurality of audio sources in a capture space. A correspondence may be identified between a subset of the audio sources and a constellation based on the relative spatial positions of audio sources in the subset. ... Nokia

06/14/18 / #20180167634

Method and an apparatus and a computer program product for video encoding and decoding

The invention relates to a method comprising receiving stereoscopic visual data comprising at least one left view image and at least one right view image. An area of interest is determined at the stereoscopic visual data. ... Nokia

06/14/18 / #20180167613

Method and an apparatus and a computer program product for video encoding and decoding

The invention relates to a method and technical equipment, wherein the method comprises obtaining a picture sequence; selecting a first spatial region and a second spatial region within a picture area of pictures of the picture sequence, the second spatial region differing from the first spatial region; obtaining a first spatial region sequence, the first spatial region sequence comprising the first spatial region of the pictures of the picture sequence; obtaining a second spatial region sequence, the second spatial region sequence comprising the second spatial region of the pictures of the picture sequence; transmitting the first spatial region sequence at a first picture rate; and transmitting the second spatial region sequence at a second picture rate, the first picture rate being different from the second picture rate.. . ... Nokia

06/14/18 / #20180167457

Optimizing traffic

A mechanism for a first apparatus in a communication network is described. The communication network comprises the first apparatus, a second apparatus and a plurality of servers. ... Nokia

06/14/18 / #20180167418

Apparatus and method for lawful interception

Apparatus and method for lawful interception in accordance with an example embodiment of the present invention, a method is provided for receiving from a gateway apparatus an intercept request regarding user equipment in the communication system; creating or modifying a processing rule regarding the user equipment by including interception in the rule; transmitting to a network switch processing user equipment connections a command to clone and encrypt each signalling or data packet of the user equipment connection and to transmit the encrypted signalling and data packets to a given network apparatus.. . ... Nokia

06/14/18 / #20180167209

Fibre-optic communication based on encoded frequency-shifted light

According to an example aspect, there is provided an apparatus comprising a fibre interface coupled, via a first waveguide, with at least one encoder, a controller configured to cause the at least one encoder to encode light received in the apparatus via the fibre interface with information, and to cause a frequency shift in the light, and wherein the apparatus is configured to cause the light to propagate back to the fibre interface.. . ... Nokia

06/14/18 / #20180167121

Control signaling

An aspect of the invention is in relation to an apparatus comprising: at least one processor and at least one memory including a computer program code, the at least one memory and the computer program code configured to, with the at least one processor, cause the apparatus at least to: allocate, by a network node, at least one sector portion beam radiation pattern for downlink common control signaling; configure the downlink common control signaling in a sector portion beam radiation pattern specific manner; define a sector portion beam radiation pattern based association between the downlink common control signaling configuration and an uplink signaling configuration, and convey information on the association for uplink signaling.. . ... Nokia

06/14/18 / #20180165514

Human-computer-interaction through scene space monitoring

A method including causing computer implementation of the at least one virtual boundary in a monitoring space corresponding to a monitored scene space; processing sensor data to generate a response event when there is, relative to the at least one virtual boundary, a change in a portion of the monitored scene space; recognizing a first hand gesture relating to a first hand of a user in the monitored scene space and in response to recognizing the first hand gesture in the monitored scene space in relation to a portion of the virtual boundary enabling user location of the portion of the implemented computer-implemented virtual boundary and recognizing a second hand gesture relating to a second hand of the user in the monitored scene space and in response to recognizing the second hand gesture in the monitored scene space performing a command relating to a user located portion of the computer-implemented virtual boundary.. . ... Nokia

06/14/18 / #20180164978

Causing display of a three dimensional graphical user interface

An apparatus comprises at least one processor and at least one memory including computer program code, the at least one memory and the computer program code configured to, with the at least one processor, cause the apparatus to cause a view of a three-dimensional graphical user interface to be displayed on a touch-sensitive display, the three-dimensional graphical user interface comprising a three-dimensional arrangement of a plurality of graphical objects, each of the graphical objects, when displayed, having an associated display parameter, to identify at least one graphical object for which the associated display parameter satisfies a predetermined criterion, and to enable individual selectability in respect of the identified at least one graphical object, wherein each individually selectable graphical object is selectable with a touch input and wherein individually selecting a graphical object with a touch input causes an action to be performed in respect of the selected graphical object.. . ... Nokia

06/14/18 / #20180164588

Rendering of a notification on a head mounted display

A method including determining occurrence of a virtual information region event, the virtual information region event indicating a change of information that is allocated to a virtual information region that is at least partially beyond a field of view of a head mounted display, the virtual information region having a virtual information region location that is in a direction from the field of view, causing rendering of a non-visual notification that is indicative of the direction from the field of view in response to the virtual information region event, receiving information indicative of a visual notification invocation input, determining a visual notification that is visually descriptive of at least one aspect of the virtual information region event in response to the visual notification invocation input, and causing display of the visual notification on the head mounted display is disclosed.. . ... Nokia

06/14/18 / #20180164399

Causing performance of an active scan

This specification describes a method comprising determining an orientation of a first apparatus with respect to a second apparatus (s6.2) based on at least one radio frequency packet passed wirelessly between the first and second apparatuses, and causing performance of an active scan for the second apparatus or a third apparatus associated with the second apparatus (s6.5) only if it is determined that the orientation of the first apparatus with respect to the second apparatus satisfies at least one predetermined condition (s6.3).. . ... Nokia

06/14/18 / #20180160920

Health and fitness monitor for determining a minimum heart rate

Methods and apparatus, including computer program products, are provided for analyzing heart rate data for a fitness or health device. In some example embodiments, there may be provided an apparatus that includes at least one processor and at least one memory including program code which when executed configures the apparatus to at least: receive, from at least one heart rate sensor, a heart rate data set collected from a subject over at least one session; filter the heart rate data set to remove at least one heart rate value failing to satisfy a predetermined duration threshold; determine a minimum heart rate value from the filtered heart rate data; and provide the determined minimum heart rate. ... Nokia

06/07/18 / #20180160463

Wireless control of devices

In accordance with an example aspect of the present invention, there is provided an apparatus comprising at least one receiver configured to obtain discovery information concerning a plurality of peripheral devices, at least one processing core configured to define a set of peripheral devices from among the plurality of peripheral devices, and to cause transmission, to a server, of device information concerning each peripheral device comprised in the set.. . ... Nokia

06/07/18 / #20180160394

Data packet preparation

Disclosed in this specification is a method comprising inserting an anti-whitened data portion into a data packet that is to be whitened by whitening to yield a whitened data packet for transmission (44) from a first radio communications apparatus (30) to a second radio communications apparatus (10), the anti-whitened data portion having been determined based on anti-whitening data received (43) from the second radio communications apparatus (10) at the first radio communications apparatus, wherein the anti-whitened data portion is obtainable from a specific data block by anti-whitening, the anti-whitening compensating for the whitening so that the whitened data packet comprises the specific data block in non-whitened form.. . ... Nokia

06/07/18 / #20180160332

Methods, apparatuses, computer readable medium and computer program product for controlling the download of data from a wireless network to a user equipment

Various communication systems may benefit from an improved wireless communications. For example, communication systems may benefit from regulating or controlling the download of data from a wireless network to a user equipment. ... Nokia

06/07/18 / #20180160225

Audio apparatus

An apparatus including an input configured to receive at least one first audio signal from a first apparatus; an input configured to receive at least one second audio signal from a second apparatus; a distance detector configured to determine a distance between the first and the second apparatus; and a level control generator configured to generate a level control for mixing the at least one first audio signal and the at least one second audio signal based on the distance between the first and the second apparatus.. . ... Nokia

06/07/18 / #20180160156

A method, an apparatus, a computer program for video coding

There are disclosed various methods, apparatuses and computer program products for video encoding. In some embodiments a method comprises: obtaining a coded first image and a coded second image, wherein the coded second image depends on the coded first image; determining that, when displaying a decoded second image that is decoded from the coded second image, it is allowed to first display a decoded first image that is decoded from the coded first image; and in response to said determination: including the coded first image into a first image container file and including the coded second image into a second image container file; indicating, in a markup language code, that a first image container file and a second image container file are alternatives; and indicating, in the markup language code, that the second image container file depends on the first image container file.. ... Nokia

06/07/18 / #20180159725

Reallocation of control of online managed services

It is provided a method, comprising instructing a control unit to control at least one of a controlled session and a controlled bearer based on a first control session; monitoring if, in response to a request to update the first control session, a reallocation failure message is received; checking, if the reallocation failure message is received, if a second control session different from the first control session is created; instructing the control unit to control the respective one of the controlled session and the controlled bearer based on the second control session if the second control session is created.. . ... Nokia

06/07/18 / #20180159607

Rf beamforming control in a communication system

A method for wireless communications, comprising: determining at least one performance characteristic associated with a received narrow width beam millimetre wavelength signal; determining at least one performance characteristic associated with a received wide width beam centimetre wavelength signal; determining a signal related event based on the at least one performance characteristic associated with a received narrow width beam millimetre wavelength signal and the at least one performance characteristic associated with a received wide width beam centimetre wavelength signal; and controlling an antenna beam for transmitting and receiving the millimetre wavelength signal based on the signal related event.. . ... Nokia

06/07/18 / #20180159491

Narrowing audio filter transition band

An apparatus including a first audio filter; a first transducer connected to the first audio filter; and a first sound attenuator located relative to the first transducer to attenuate sound from the first transducer. The first audio filter includes a first transition frequency band. ... Nokia

06/07/18 / #20180159200

Self-locking fixing device and antenna assembly

A self-locking fixing device and an antenna assembly are provided. The self-locking fixing device includes an inner mandrel (10) arranged to include a nail head (110) and a nail rod (111) extending away from the nail head (110), and a bushing (114) arranged to include a nail head bushing (124) and a nail rod bushing (125) extending away from the nail head bushing (124). ... Nokia

06/07/18 / #20180157406

Method and apparatus for providing a notification mechanism

A method for providing a notification mechanism may include causing provision of a notification bar at an edge of a touch screen display in response to an occurrence of an event where the notification bar provides information indicative of the event, enabling, responsive to user input, extension of the notification bar away from the edge of the touch screen display to display one or more levels of other notification classes in addition to the information indicative of the event, causing presentation of the notification bar to remain in an extended position away from the edge of the touch screen display so as to display one or more levels of notification classes upon cessation of the user input and causing, responsive to exposure of each level that has a subsequent level thereafter, an indication of existence of the subsequent level. A corresponding apparatus and computer program product are also provided.. ... Nokia

06/07/18 / #20180157326

Tactile apparatus link

An apparatus comprising: an input module configured to determine an input characteristic; a signal generator configured to generate a signal dependent on the input characteristic; and an output module configured to provide the signal to one or more separate apparatus, wherein the signal is configured to generate a tactile output.. . ... Nokia

05/31/18 / #20180152892

Method and apparatus for providing efficient discontinuous communication

An approach is provided for receiving and transmitting data over a wireless network, while minimizing power consumption. A determination is made, as part of a discontinuous communication mechanism defining an on-period for permitting transmission of data over a network, whether a resource allocation has been made to a user equipment for communicating over the network. ... Nokia

05/31/18 / #20180152828

Method, apparatus and computer program product for service discovery proxy for wireless communication

A method comprises composing, by a wireless device in a wireless network, a service id indicating support for providing proxy service discovery for other wireless devices operating in the wireless network; and transmitting, by the wireless device, a wireless service discovery frame to the wireless network, the service discovery frame including the composed service id.. . ... Nokia

05/31/18 / #20180152807

Method, system and apparatus

There is provided a method comprising: receiving a request for a content-based delivery service from at least one first user device of a plurality of user devices with device-to-device communications capability for a delivery of an information element; obtaining information in relation to the delivery of the information element; determining based on the obtained information in relation to the delivery, if said information element is to be delivered using an access node or at least one second user device or both the access node and the at least one second user device or if information on absence of the requested information element is conveyed, and in response to the determination, carrying out resource configuration for the delivery of the information element or for conveyance of the information on the absence of the requested information element is conveyed the requested information element by using the content-based delivery service.. . ... Nokia

05/31/18 / #20180151932

Triple mode sphere radio frequency filters

An rf filter includes: an electrical conductor defining an outer sphere; a dielectric material defining an inner sphere disposed within the conductor outer sphere; and at least a first electrical probe and a second electrical probe. Each probe extends through the conductor and is electrically insulated from it. ... Nokia

05/31/18 / #20180150275

Augmented reality mixing for distributed audio capture

A method including determining and tracking a position of an observed sound source to an observation point at an audio monitoring device; determining an identifier for the observed sound source based upon the determined and tracked position of the observed sound source; receiving distributed audio capture application signals at the audio monitoring device, where the distributed audio capture application signals include at least one audio mixing parameter for individual audio object channels and identifiers for respective audio objects of the individual audio object channels; and associating a first one of the individual audio object channels with the observed sound source based upon the received identifier of the first individual audio object channel and the determined identifier.. . ... Nokia

05/31/18 / #20180149869

Apparatus and method for near eye display

Examples of the present disclosure relate to an apparatus and method for near eye display. In some examples, there is provided an apparatus configured for use in a near eye display, the apparatus including: means configured to provide stenopeic viewing; and means configured to reflect an image to a user's eye.. ... Nokia

05/31/18 / #20180149683

Measurement structures for measurements such as frequency and quality factors of resonators and other devices, and apparatus comprising the same

An apparatus includes a measurement structure for performing measurements of an rf device. The measurement structure includes an aperture in a conductive surface of the rf device and a conductive projecting region projecting into the aperture from a conductive perimeter of the aperture and electrically connected to that conductive perimeter. ... Nokia

05/31/18 / #20180149490

Method, apparatus, and computer program product for providing access to a media item based at least in part on a route

An apparatus for providing access to a media item based at least in part on a route may include a processor. The processor may be configured to receive a start location of a mobile device. ... Nokia

05/31/18 / #20180147345

Method and apparatus for infusion therapy control

A joining unit (400) for controlling a connection between an infusion pump (200) and a cannula (310) is described. The joining unit has a connection detector for detecting whether an infusion pump is connected to a cannula. ... Nokia

05/24/18 / #20180146446

Position stream session negotiation for spatial audio applications

Embodiments herein relate to methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for position stream session negotiation. An example method includes: transmitting, to a positioning system, a message for initiating a positional data stream associated with at least one audio source, the message comprising one or more requirements for positional characteristics of the positional data stream; receive a response from the positioning system comprising an indication of one or more of the positional characteristics that are supported by the positioning system for the at least one audio source; and initiating the position data stream with the positioning system based on the received response.. ... Nokia

05/24/18 / #20180146392

Enhanced network performance monitoring

There are disclosed measures for enhancing network performance monitoring. Such measures may for example comprise receiving a report on measurements of terminal-related network performance parameters from a terminal, acquiring information of access network-related network performance parameters, and combining the received terminal-related network performance parameters and the acquired access network-related network performance parameters into a combined network performance report.. ... Nokia

05/24/18 / #20180146316

Spatial rendering of a message

A method comprising: causing targeting of a message to a first sub-set of users that receive messages, wherein the message is not targeted to a second sub-set of users that receive messages; and causing different spatial rendering of the message to the first sub-set of users compared to the second sub-set of users.. . ... Nokia

05/24/18 / #20180146225

A method, an apparatus, a computer program for video coding

There are disclosed various methods, apparatuses and computer program products for video encoding. In some embodiments a method comprises including two or more entities into a container file, wherein each entity is a media item or a media track; and indicating in one of the following: the container file or a description of the container file; that the two or more entities are playable in the order they appear in the container file to achieve progressive refinement. ... Nokia

05/24/18 / #20180146207

Motion prediction in video coding

There is disclosed apparatuses, methods and computer programs for utilizing motion prediction in video coding. A block of pixels of a video representation encoded in a bitstream is read, and a type of the block is determined. ... Nokia

05/24/18 / #20180145821

Enhancing synchronization in computer network

A method, apparatus, and computer program product for operating a network node of a computer network is provided. According to an embodiment, in a first network node of a time synchronization network interconnecting the first network node with at least one second network node of the time synchronization network is detected synchronization of the first network node and the at least one second network node; and in the first network node is determined, at least one criterion for processing at least one packet of a time synchronization protocol wherein said at least one criterion is capable of causing discarding of the at least one packet of the time synchronization protocol when the at least one criterion is fulfilled.. ... Nokia

05/24/18 / #20180145739

Precoder design for combining high-end rf with constrained rf of massive mimo antennas

A method includes mapping a signal desired by at least one receiver to a projection area based at least on a functionality corresponding to one or more first radio frequency chains coupled to a plurality of first antennas; selecting precoding coefficients for at least one of one or more second radio frequency chains coupled to a plurality of second antennas to generate a signal point within the projection area; and compensating for a difference between the generated signal point and the signal desired by the at least one receiver using at least one of the first radio frequency chains, wherein the second radio frequency chains have a reduced functionality relative to the functionality of the first radio frequency chains, and wherein the first and second set of antennas are different.. . ... Nokia

05/24/18 / #20180145204

Device for direct x-ray detection

A device for direct x-ray detection (516) comprises a plurality of substantially parallel conductive channels (501) separated from one another by a quantum dot material (510), thereby forming a composite material layer (517). The parallel conductive channels (501) are electrically connected to source and drain electrodes (503 504a) which enable a flow of electrical current through the conductive channels (501). ... Nokia

05/24/18 / #20180143804

Method and apparatus for an interactive user interface

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided to facilitate user interaction with, such as modification of, respective audio objects. An example method may include causing a multimedia file to be presented that includes at least two images. ... Nokia

05/24/18 / #20180143694

Mediated reality

A method comprising: enabling viewing by a user of a virtual scene of a virtual space; mapping a three-dimensional gesture of the user to a corresponding three-dimensional gesture in the virtual space; and in response to determining that the corresponding three-dimensional gesture in a virtual space is a first predetermined gesture or predetermined gestures in relation to a first portion of the virtual space, analyzing the virtual space over time to detect an event in the virtual space relating to the first portion of the virtual space.. . ... Nokia

05/24/18 / #20180143437

Optical apparatus and method

An apparatus and a method are provided. An apparatus, including a first display arrangement; an exit pupil expanding light guide arrangement including an in-coupling region and an out-coupling region, the in-coupling region being configured to in-couple first light from the first display arrangement, and the out-coupling region being configured to out-couple the first light towards a user; and a second display arrangement arranged to transmit second light, through the exit pupil expanding light guide arrangement at the out-coupling region, towards the user.. ... Nokia

05/24/18 / #20180143423

Electronic circuitry for a valve for the transfer of an optically-active fluid from a first to a second reservoir

A transfer circuitry, e.g. In a display system, electrically generating a transfer-gradient along which an optically-active fluid is transferred via a valve from a first reservoir to a second reservoir and a valve-control circuitry providing a voltage to change the valve's shape from a first shape when it is closed to a second shape when it is open.. ... Nokia

05/24/18 / #20180143160

An apparatus and method for providing a time varying voltage

An apparatus and method wherein the apparatus comprises: includes a channel; at least one pair of electrodes provided within sides of the channel; an electrolyte configured to move through the channel such that when the electrolyte is positioned between the at least one pair of electrodes the electrolyte provides a current path between the at least one pair of electrodes; and wherein the at least one pair of electrodes are configured such that movement of the electrolyte through the channel enables a time varying voltage to be provided.. . ... Nokia

05/24/18 / #20180143159

An apparatus and method for providing a time varying voltage

An apparatus and method, the apparatus including a channel; at least one pair of electrodes provided within sides of the channel; a conductor configured to move through the channel such that when the conductor is positioned between the at least one pair of electrodes a current path is provided through the at least one pair of electrodes and the conductor; and wherein the at least one pair of electrodes are configured such that the position of the conductor within the channel controls the length of the current path and enables a time varying voltage to be provided.. . ... Nokia

05/17/18 / #20180139667

Minimization of service interruption during relay reselection in device-to-device (d2d) based user equipment (ue)-to-network relay

Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for minimizing service interruption during relay reselection in d2d based ue-to-network relay are provided.. . ... Nokia

05/17/18 / #20180139636

Averaged end-user throughput evaluation

Methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for measuring throughput as a measure of performance and/or quality of service are provided. One method comprises, over an observation period for at least one of an uplink direction and a downlink direction, measuring an amount of padding bits in each protocol data unit (pdu) that is successfully transmitted in the said direction and that carries data relevant to a given throughput measure. ... Nokia

05/17/18 / #20180139562

Distributed audio mixing

A method is disclosed, which comprises receiving a plurality of audio signals representing audio from respective audio sources in a space; defining for each audio source a spatial audio field indicative of the propagation of its audio signals within the space. For a first audio source is defined a restricted zone within its spatial audio field. ... Nokia

05/17/18 / #20180139469

An apparatus, a method and a computer program for video coding and decoding

A method for motion compensated prediction of a video frame or slice that is bi-directionally encoded, the method comprising creating a first intermediate forward motion compensated sample prediction lo and a second intermediate backward motion compensated sample prediction l1; identifying one or more subsets of samples based on the difference between lo and l1 predictions; and determining a motion compensation process to be applied at least on said one or more subsets of samples to compensate for the difference. For example, bi-directional prediction (b) is not used for samples (4, 5) for which the difference is larger than a predefined threshold.. ... Nokia

05/17/18 / #20180139289

Mechanism for executing server discovery

A mechanism to ensure that the same server/proxy is selected by different server/proxy discovery mechanisms executed in a network control element and a terminal equipment, respectively. A first selection of a server/proxy is executed by a network control element on the basis of a first discovery procedure. ... Nokia

05/17/18 / #20180139223

Control of unwanted network traffic

According to embodiments of the present invention, trust evaluation is performed on network entities including a host and a network node with privacy preservation to determine an unwanted traffic source. The trust evaluation is based on detection reports from the hosts and monitoring reports from the network nodes. ... Nokia

05/17/18 / #20180139059

Certificate verification

According to an example aspect, there is provided an apparatus comprising at least one processing core, at least one memory including computer program code, the at least one memory and the computer program code being configured to, with the at least one processing core, cause the apparatus at least to participate in establishment of a secured protocol connection, receive over a first interface a certificate in connection with the establishment of the secured protocol connection, receive, in connection with the establishment of the secured protocol connection, over a second interface, information concerning the certificate, and compare the certificate to the information concerning the certificate.. . ... Nokia

05/17/18 / #20180137610

Filtering depth map image

There is inter alia a method comprising: partitioning a depth map image into at least one block; partitioning a texture image into at least one block, wherein the size and position of the at least one block of the texture image corresponds to the size and position of the at least one block of the depth image; determining a depth property value for the at least one block of the depth map image; determining a texture property value for the at least one block of the texture image; using the depth property value for the at least one block of the depth map image and the texture property value for the at least one block of the texture image to select a set of filter parameters from a look up table; and filtering the at least one block of the depth map image with a filter based on the selected set of filter parameters.. . ... Nokia

05/17/18 / #20180137413

Diverse activation functions for deep neural networks

In accordance with an example embodiment of the present invention, a method comprising: obtaining a plurality of training samples; employing a set of activation functions on a plurality of layers of a deep neural network, wherein the set of activation functions varies with the plurality of layers; and applying the activation functions on the plurality of training samples.. . ... Nokia

05/17/18 / #20180136663

Apparatus, method and computer program for enabling charging of a vehicle

An apparatus (1), method and computer program wherein the apparatus (1) comprises: processing circuitry (5); and memory circuitry (7) including computer program code (11); the memory circuitry (7) and the computer program code (11) configured to, with the processing circuitry (7), cause the apparatus (1) at least to perform: obtaining information from a solar powered vehicle (31) wherein the information comprises at least a current location of the solar powered vehicle (31); obtaining information (25) relating to distribution of solar power in a predetermined area; using the obtained information to determine a solar power charging strategy (27); and enabling the solar powered vehicle (31) to access the solar power charging strategy (27).. . ... Nokia

05/10/18 / #20180132300

Radio link problem handling in mobile communication systems

. . There are provided measures for enabling/realizing more efficient radio link problem handling in a mobile communication system. Such measures exemplarily comprise detecting a radio problem of a radio link carrying a network connection of a communication device, and initiating a recovery procedure for recovering the connection on said radio link and a re-establishment procedure for re-establishing the connection on an alternative radio link, upon detection of the radio link problem, before a radio link failure of said radio link is declared.. ... Nokia

05/10/18 / #20180132273

Random access response message transmission

Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for random access procedure are provided. One method includes selecting, by a user equipment, a subframe for a first transmission of a preamble based on a configuration broadcast by an evolved node b (enb). ... Nokia

05/10/18 / #20180132241

Frequency selection for broadband transmissions among a shared spectrum

Various communication systems may benefit from improved radio frequency transmissions. For example, communication systems may benefit from the selection of a frequency band based on measurements of a spectrum surrounding the user equipment. ... Nokia

05/10/18 / #20180132240

Switching carrier frequency while user equipment is in off cycle

A method may include determining, by a base station, a switching occasion during which at least one connected user equipment will be in a connected off cycle and at least one idle user equipment will be in an idle off cycle, instructing the at least one connected user equipment and at least one idle user equipment to switch, during the switching occasion, from communicating with the base station via a source carrier frequency to communicating with the base station via a target carrier frequency, and switching, during the switching occasion, from communicating with the at least one connected user equipment and the at least one idle user equipment via the source carrier frequency to communicating with the at least one connected user equipment and the at least one idle user equipment via the target carrier frequency.. . ... Nokia

05/10/18 / #20180132203

Location detection using radio signal capabilities

Various communication systems may benefit from improved positioning technology. For example, communication systems may benefit from taking into account radio signal capabilities of the user equipment when determining the position of the user equipment. ... Nokia

05/10/18 / #20180132134

Sending multiple g-pdus with a single udp datagram

It is provided a method, comprising encapsulating plural packet data units into a datagram of a user datagram protocol, wherein each of the plural packet data units comprises a respective header of a tunneling protocol and a respective user data packet, and each of the headers indicates a length of the respective packet data unit.. . ... Nokia

05/10/18 / #20180132128

Lossless bearer reconfiguration from use of longer to shorter sequence number

Various communication systems may benefit from appropriate handling of reconfiguration. For example, certain wireless communication systems may benefit from lossless bearer reconfiguration when handling a transition from the user of a longer sequence number to a shorter sequence number. ... Nokia

05/10/18 / #20180131951

Video encoding and decoding

A method comprising: encoding pictures into a bitstream, the bitstream comprising at least two scalability layers, pictures being associated with access units and pictures being associated individually with one of the at least two scalability layers; indicating in the bitstream inter-layer prediction dependencies, indicative of direct reference layers, if any, of a first scalability layer and indirect reference layers, if any, of the first scalability layer; selecting an earlier picture in decoding order as a basis for deriving picture order count (poc) related variables for a current picture based on a pre-defined algorithm, the current picture being associated with a current scalability layer, wherein the earlier picture is the closest preceding picture, in decoding order, to the current picture among a set of pictures that are associated with the current scalability layer or any direct or indirect reference layer of the current scalability layer.. . ... Nokia

05/10/18 / #20180131730

User identities for ptt and mcptt

It is provided a method, comprising supervising if an information in a registration request is received from a registrar of a network domain, wherein the information comprises an application identity of a user of a terminal device and a network identity; storing, based on the received information, a binding between the application identity and the network identity; determining the network identity based on the binding and a received first request for establishing a communication to the terminal device; providing, based on the received first request, to the network domain, a second request for establishing the communication towards the terminal device, wherein the second request is based on the determined network identity.. . ... Nokia

05/10/18 / #20180131549

Enhancing data transfer

There is provided a method comprising: obtaining, by an apparatus, a first data block, a second data block and a third data block; generating a first signal, wherein a first part of the first signal is generated based on a data of the first data block, and wherein a second part of the first signal is generated based on a data of the second data block, the second part being subsequent in time domain compared with the first part; generating a second signal, wherein a first part of the second signal is generated based on a data of the third data block, and wherein a second part of the second signal is generated based on the data of the second data block, the second part being subsequent in time domain compared with the first part; and transmitting the first and second signals.. . ... Nokia

05/03/18 / #20180124867

Method of verifying an operation of a mobile radio communication network

A method for verifying an operation of a mobile radio communication network is provided, wherein the method comprises sending an initiation message from a first network entity to a second network entity, the initiation message defining an undo request and comprising an undo section defining an undo area, a triggering_cm section indicating changes to the network, and an assistance section; receiving an assistance-response message, the assistance-response message comprising the undo section, and an assisted_cm section; and sending an assistance-acknowledge message including an ack flag and the undo section from the first network entity to the second network entity.. . ... Nokia

05/03/18 / #20180124851

Inter-enb carrier aggregation

In a communication system where a primary cell is controlled by a first base station and a secondary cell is controlled by a second, different base station, flow control is performed between the primary cell and the secondary cell for data for a radio link control layer. According to the flow control, the data for the radio link control layer is communicated between the first and second base stations using a link between the first and second base stations. ... Nokia

05/03/18 / #20180124670

Indicating channel usage in wireless network

This document discloses a solution for providing channel usage information. In an embodiment, an apparatus managing a wireless network and being in an unassociated state towards an access node managing another wireless network is provided with the channel usage information. ... Nokia

05/03/18 / #20180124551

Session continuity for ipv6 over bluetooth low energy

Methods and apparatus, including computer program products, are provided for communications. In one aspect there is provided a method. ... Nokia

05/03/18 / #20180124543

Audio processing

A method comprising: causing rendering of a first sound scene comprising multiple first sound objects; in response to direct or indirect user specification of a change in sound scene from the first sound scene to a mixed sound scene based in part on the first sound scene and in part on a second sound scene, causing selection of one or more second sound objects of the second sound scene comprising multiple second sound objects; causing selection of one or more first sound objects in the first sound scene; and causing rendering of a mixed sound scene by rendering the first sound scene while de-emphasising the selected one or more first sound objects and emphasising the selected one or more second sound objects.. . ... Nokia

05/03/18 / #20180124291

Method, apparatus and computer program product for creating virtual reality content of an event

In an example embodiment, method, apparatus and computer program product are provided. The method includes facilitating receipt of a plurality of vr contents and a plurality of video contents associated with an event captured by a plurality of vr cameras and a plurality of user camera devices, respectively. ... Nokia

05/03/18 / #20180124186

Using cellular identifiers in intelligent transport systems communication infrastructure

The present invention provides apparatuses, methods, computer programs, computer program products and computer-readable media regarding using cellular identifiers in intelligent transport systems (its) communication infrastructure. The method includes composing a header of a message to be distributed within the intelligent transport system by the communication node, the communication node being capable of communicating at least in accordance with a cellular network, and inserting into the header at least one identifier according to the cellular communication network of the communication node.. ... Nokia

05/03/18 / #20180123885

Building and applying operational experiences for cm operations

The present invention provides apparatuses, methods, computer programs, computer program products and computer-readable media regarding building and applying operational experiences for cm operations. The present invention comprises collecting operational experience information on executed operations from various logical entities via an interface, the collected operational experience information including execution data, and performance data concerning the executed operation, analyzing the operational experience information of the executed operations, storing the operational experience information of the executed operations in the central entity, and arranging the operational experience information of executed operations into different groups in the central entity according to similarities in the analyzed execution data of the operational experience information.. ... Nokia

05/03/18 / #20180123768

Per-protocol data unit delivery-path indication

Indication of delivery-path information may benefit various communication systems. For example, wireless communication systems may benefit from per-protocol data unit delivery-path indication to data recipient or from setting a timer expiry value dependent on such received information. ... Nokia

05/03/18 / #20180123752

Method and apparatus for handling data activity of a secondary cell

A method and apparatus may include determining a channel between a secondary cell and a user equipment. The method may also include transmitting information relating to the channel to a primay cell of a second network node. ... Nokia

05/03/18 / #20180123719

Coordinated interference cancellation in wireless network

An example technique includes receiving, by a user device, a first signal including a first user device-specific signal from a base station and one or more interfering signals, the first user device-specific signal being received based on a first modulation and coding scheme (mcs), determining, by the user device, whether the user device can perform interference cancellation for the one or more interfering signals, sending, by the user device to the base station, an interference cancellation feedback message including at least, for each of the one or more interfering signals, an interference cancellation capability indication that indicates whether or not the user device can perform interference cancellation for the interfering signal, receiving an updated mcs, wherein the updated mcs is based, at least in part, on the interference from the interference cancellation feedback message, and receiving, by the user device based on the updated mcs, a second signal.. . ... Nokia

05/03/18 / #20180123255

Polarized filtenna, such as a dual polarized filtenna, and arrays and apparatus using same

An apparatus includes a filtenna. The filtenna includes a block having a waveguide formed therein, and having first and second ends, wherein the first end is closed and the second end radiates to free space. ... Nokia

05/03/18 / #20180122395

Virtual duplex operation

A method including, while first audio signals from a first user are being transmitted on a first bandwidth from a first apparatus, detecting transmitting of second audio signals from a second user by a second apparatus; and based upon the detecting of the second audio signals from the second apparatus, reducing the transmitting of the first audio signals on the first bandwidth to transmitting of the first audio signals on at least one first relatively smaller sub-band of the first bandwidth.. . ... Nokia

05/03/18 / #20180120132

Method, apparatus and computer program product for providing sensor data collection and sensor configuration

A method, apparatus and computer program product provide data collection via a plurality of sensors, user authentication, data storage, and sensor replacement and configuration. The sensors may be integrated in or on various types of devices and/or household objects and may provide a wide range of data regarding users, use of the respective items, and/or their environments. ... Nokia

04/19/18 / #20180110082

Fast activation of multi-connectivity utilizing uplink signals

Embodiments herein provide a method for fast activation of multi-connectivity utilizing uplink signals. According to an example embodiment, a method includes: transmitting, by a user equipment, at least one uplink signal to a plurality of network nodes of a wireless network based at least on the user equipment being in a first radio resource control state such that the user equipment maintains connectivity with one of the network nodes; receiving at least one connection message including a command to connect to at least two of the network nodes for communication, wherein the command is based at least on measurements extracted from the at least one uplink signal; in response to the at least one connection message, changing from the first radio resource control state to a second radio resource control state; and transmitting data utilizing multiple communication links via the at least two network nodes.. ... Nokia

04/19/18 / #20180109979

Method and apparatus for providing an indication regarding ip address preservation following a transfer involving a wireless local area network

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided to facilitate the transition of user equipment between basic service sets within a wlan or from a basic service set within a wlan to a cellular data link of a cellular network. In the context of a method from the perspective of the user equipment, a message is received that identifies one or more basic service sets or cellular data links to which user equipment is potentially capable of transferring. ... Nokia

04/19/18 / #20180109975

Detection and mitigation of signalling anomalies in wireless network

This document discloses a solution for detecting and mitigating anomalies such as signalling storms in a radio access network of a wireless communication system. According to an aspect, there is disclosed a method including receiving, in a first local traffic analysis module, configuration parameters from a second local traffic analysis module or from a central traffic analysis module connected to a plurality of local traffic analysis modules; monitoring, by a first traffic analysis module by using the received configuration parameters, traffic in a radio access network of a wireless communication system; detecting, in the monitored traffic on the basis of the configuration parameters, an anomaly causing a control plane signalling load; and in response to said detecting, taking an action to mitigate the anomaly and reporting information on the anomaly to the central traffic analysis module.. ... Nokia

04/19/18 / #20180109956

Method and apparatus for securing timing packets over untrusted packet transport network

Methods, devices, systems, techniques, and computer program products are provided to secure timing synchronization to network nodes connected over an inherently insecure best effort public network with mechanisms to improve accuracy of timing protocols such as a statistically estimated edge timestamp offset encoded into the timing message to account for network jitter and processing latency variances incurred due to the security packet processing and encryption; to ensure slave network nodes shall only accept timing messages from trusted timing sources; to establish a secure tunnel with a trusted timing source for exchange of timing packets; to provide authentication and security for timing packets over the insecure public network; and to enhance message anonymity with variable payload padding.. . ... Nokia

04/19/18 / #20180109911

Network location reporting broadcast bearer management

Various communication systems may benefit from network location reporting. For example, such reporting may be beneficial in the establishment of a multimedia broadcast/multicast service bearer for media traffic delivery from a group communication service application server or other similar device or system. ... Nokia

04/19/18 / #20180109901

Audio object modification in free-viewpoint rendering

A method including, during a free-viewpoint rendering to a user, where the free-viewpoint rendering comprises rendering of an audio object, and during relative movement between a location of the user and the audio object in the free-viewpoint rendering, detecting a locational conflict abnormality between the audio object and the location of the user; and based upon the detecting of the locational conflict abnormality, changing the rendering of the audio object, where the changing is based upon at least one predetermined abnormality modification parameter.. . ... Nokia

04/19/18 / #20180109379

Fibre-optic communication based on dual-rail and polarization encoding

According to an example aspect, there is provided an apparatus comprising a first optical converter coupled to a fibre interface and to two waveguides, a dual rail encoder configured to encode dual rail form light from the two waveguides with payload information, and wherein the dual rail encoder is coupled to the first optical converter or to a second optical converter disposed between the dual rail encoder and the fibre interface, and wherein the first optical converter or the second optical converter is coupled so as to provide polarization encoded light into the fibre interface.. . ... Nokia

04/19/18 / #20180109286

Frequency hopping method for machine type communication

A method and apparatus may include receiving, by a machine type communication user equipment, parameters for frequency hopping in downlink or uplink. The parameters comprise an “x,” ‘y,” and “z” parameters, “x” corresponds to a duration for which the same physical resource blocks are used for transmission. ... Nokia

04/19/18 / #20180106622

An apparatus and associated methods for use in live navigation

An apparatus comprising a processor and memory including computer program code, the memory and computer program code configured to, with the processor, enable the apparatus at least to: for a defined road journey through a road network from a start location to an end location, assign respective sub-portions of the defined road journey to each of a group of mobile devices associated with one or more travellers for the road journey according to at least one predefined assignment criterion, wherein each of the group of mobile devices is configured for provision of live mapping data for live navigation of the respective sub-portion of the road journey.. . ... Nokia

04/19/18 / #20180103868

Apparatuses and methods for measuring skin resistance

A method comprising receiving, from a circuit, information indicative of a skin resistance between an inner electrode and an outer electrode, the inner electrode being disposed on at least part of an inner surface of a housing, the outer electrode being disposed on at least part of an outer surface of the housing such that the outer electrode is separated from the inner electrode, the housing being configured to be in contact with or at least partially encircle a body part of a user of the housing, such that the inner surface of the housing is configured to at least partially contact the body part and the outer surface of the housing is configured to avoid contact with the body part, and determining a galvanic skin response of the user based, at least in part, on the skin resistance when the outer electrode is in contact with the user.. . ... Nokia

04/12/18 / #20180103503

Using networking relationship in configuring radio connectivity

There is provided a solution for using application layer information to establish clusters in a cell of a cellular communication system. In an embodiment, there is acquired at least one information element representing application layer networking relationship of a first user account associated with a first terminal device with at least a second user account of a second terminal device. ... Nokia

04/12/18 / #20180103482

Channel quality indicator reporting

A method, computer program and apparatus operate when resuming data transmission/reception upon activation of a serving cell, or after a long in-device coexistence interference avoidance gap, to determine whether to report to a network access node an in-device coexistence interference indicator value and send the in-device coexistence interference indicator value to the network access node, the in-device coexistence interference indicator value is reported to the network access node for a certain period if any periodic channel quality indication resource is configured for the cell, or if an aperiodic channel quality indication for the cell is requested from the network access node.. . ... Nokia

04/12/18 / #20180103474

Intelligent conditional scaling for unlicensed cells

Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for efficient support of conditional scaling for unlicensed cells are provided.. . ... Nokia

04/12/18 / #20180103317

Audio capture with multiple microphones

An apparatus including at least one processor and at least one memory including computer program code configured to: when the apparatus is in a voice phone call mode of sound capture, output a signal from a first microphone as a primary speech signal, and select one or more second microphones to output a noise reduction signal, where the apparatus comprises at least two of the second microphones, and where selection of the one or more second microphones is based at least partially upon a determined use of the apparatus being either a handportable or an integrated handsfree use; and/or when the apparatus is in a multi-media mode of sound capture select one or more of the microphones to output audio signals based upon both a determined type of sound capture feature being used by the apparatus and based upon a determined orientation of the apparatus.. . ... Nokia

04/12/18 / #20180102892

Enhanced carrier aggregation in communications

A method comprises defining (401), in a network node (e nb), scheduled downlink carriers from a list of configured downlink carriers. The network node (e nb) defines (401) a downlink assignment index of the scheduled carrier having at least the lowest carrier index from the list of configured carriers, based on a total number of scheduled carriers. ... Nokia

04/12/18 / #20180102223

Apparatus and associated methods for electrical storage

An apparatus including a first charge collector and an ionic layer, the ionic layer configured to absorb water from the surrounding environment to deliver said water to the apparatus, the apparatus including graphene oxide provided on the first charge collector, the graphene oxide configured to generate protons in the presence of water; a second conductive material spaced apart from the first charge collector, the second material having a lower work function than the first charge collector, the graphene oxide extending from the first charge collector to be in contact with the second material at an interface; wherein the ionic layer is in contact with the graphene oxide and the second material; and wherein the ionic layer includes a room temperature ionic fluid and a solidifying material which provides for the ionic layer to be a solid at room temperature.. . ... Nokia

04/12/18 / #20180098701

Physiological measurement sensor

A sensor comprising: including a first light detector and a second light detector configured to concurrently detect light, and an optical blocking filter. The first light detector is configured to detect light that enters the sensor to produce a first detected signal, the optical blocking filter is configured to filter the light that enters the sensor to produce filtered light, and the second light detector is configured to detect the filtered light to produce a second detected signal. ... Nokia

04/05/18 / #20180098356

Common random access channel resource based coordinated random access

Various communication systems may benefit from reliable random access. For example, fifth generation (5g) wireless communication systems may benefit from a coordinated reliable random access technique based on common random access channel resources for a quality of service aware multi-connectivity link. ... Nokia

04/05/18 / #20180098345

Dynamic codebook adaptation for enhanced carrier aggregation

A method and apparatus may include determining, by a network node, a plurality of carrier groups. The method may also configuring a user equipment to use the plurality of carrier groups. ... Nokia

04/05/18 / #20180098315

Allocation of resources in physical uplink control channels

Various communication systems may benefit from carrier aggregation. For example, carrier aggregation may benefit from improved resource allocation. ... Nokia

04/05/18 / #20180098290

Initial setting and configuration of e-utran for energy-efficient iops

Initial setting and configuration of e-utran for energy-efficient iops certain embodiments of the invention generally relate to initial setting and configuration of e-utran for energy-efficient isolated e-utran operation for public safety. A method may include determining an initial configuration mode of a network element for setting up a self-controlled radio access network. ... Nokia

04/05/18 / #20180098289

Beam management for interference mitigation for wireless networks

A technique of reducing interference at a wireless node includes: determining a location of a base station relative to a wireless node, determining, based at least on the location of the base station relative to the wireless node, a beam-reduction region that includes one or more interfering transmit beams of the base station within the beam-reduction region, and causing the base station to decrease a transmit power for the one or more interfering transmit beams within the beam-reduction region.. . ... Nokia

04/05/18 / #20180098246

Coexistence of software defined network, network function virtualization and legacy networks

The present invention addresses method, apparatus and computer program product for enabling improved coexistence of software defined network, network function virtualization, and legacy networks. Thereby, information about characteristics of available core network nodes is obtained, it is determined, upon receiving a signaling request from a network node, which type of network node the signaling network node is, among at least a legacy network node, a virtualized network node and a software defined networking network node, and at least one network node to be used as gateway is selected from the available core network nodes, according to the determined type of signaling/originating network node and a policy set in advance for minimizing traffic load.. ... Nokia

04/05/18 / #20180098223

Enb controlled ue based conditional carrier selection

In accordance with an example embodiment of the present invention, a method, comprising: receiving an information regarding one or more uplink grants of an assigned component carrier to use to transmit data; determining a set of uplink component carriers of licensed-assisted uplink component carriers that are considered as conditional uplink component carriers to use to transmit data; determining whether the assigned component carrier is available to transmit the data; based on determining that the assigned component carrier is not available to transmit the data, identifying a component carrier of the at least one conditional uplink component carrier of the licensed-assisted uplink component carriers that is available to transmit the data; and transmitting the data on the identified available component carrier of the licensed-assisted uplink component carriers, is disclosed.. . ... Nokia

04/05/18 / #20180097609

Nr pucch coverage extension

Methods, apparatuses, and computer programs for nr pucch coverage extension are disclosed. A plurality of slots to be allocated for a user equipment may be determined by a base station. ... Nokia

04/05/18 / #20180097547

Indicating optional parameter groups

Various communication systems may benefit from improved network communications. For example, messages sent to a user equipment may benefit from having optional configurations of parameters. ... Nokia

04/05/18 / #20180096705

Method of editing audio signals using separated objects and associated apparatus

A method comprises providing an audio file comprising two or more discrete tracks; separating the two or more discrete tracks; setting a limit on an amount at least one of the two or more discrete tracks may be altered; and outputting the separated and limited discrete tracks as a file for use by an end user.. . ... Nokia

04/05/18 / #20180096633

Method and apparatus for supplementing an article with contextually-relevant health data

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided to present health data of a user in a more informed context. In relation to a method, an article is identified that provides health-related information and health data of a user is identified that is associated with the health-related information of the article. ... Nokia

04/05/18 / #20180095535

Haptic feedback reorganization

A method including providing haptic feedback to a user along a surface of a touch interactive device in use; and changing the haptic feedback to the user during a touch motion on the touch interactive device, where the touch interface device performs at least one operation based upon at least a portion of the touch motion, where the at least one operation provides an information associated with the at least one operation separate from the haptic feedback, and where the changing of the haptic feedback is based at least partially upon at least one of the information and the at least one operation.. . ... Nokia

03/29/18 / #20180092087

Flexible reference signal design

A radio network sub-tiles reference signals (rss) within a set of resource elements (res) such that each sub-tiled rs occupies less than a time and/or frequency and/or power extent of its respective re. The set of res are dispersed across both frequency bins and time slots according to a pre-defined grid; and transmitted. ... Nokia

03/29/18 / #20180092010

Small cell mobility with dual/multi connectivity

There are provided measures for improvements in small cell mobility with dual/multi connectivity. Such measures exemplarily comprise terminating at least one control plane signaling connection from said terminal for said at least first network access entity and second network access entity, maintaining a terminal related access stratum context commonly for radio accesses of said terminal to said at least first network access entity and second network access entity, and initiating switching of said radio access of said terminal from said first network access entity to said second network access entity for user plane data transfer with said control plane signaling connection for said second network access entity being applied unchanged, thereby providing, in a control plane for a terminal, connection management for at least a first network access entity and a second network access entity, wherein said at least first network access entity and second network access entity providing radio access for user plane data transfer for said terminal, wherein said terminal being capable of having radio access to said at least first network access entity and second network access entity for user plane data transfer.. ... Nokia

03/29/18 / #20180091986

Buffer management for wireless networks

A technique includes making a decision to perform a handover of a user device from a source cell to a target cell at a scheduled handover time, determining, by a source base station associated with the source cell, an estimated data rate for transmitting data from the source cell to the user device between a time of the handover decision and the scheduled handover time, determining, based on the estimated data rate and a difference between the time of the handover decision and the scheduled handover time, a portion of data stored in a data buffer associated with the source cell for the user device to be forwarded to the target cell before the scheduled handover time, and forwarding, from the source cell to the target cell before the scheduled handover time, the portion of data stored in the data buffer for the user device.. . ... Nokia

03/29/18 / #20180091915

Fitting background ambiance to sound objects

Embodiments of these teachings concern integrating a sound object audio file such as an audio object recorded by a lavalier microphone to a spatial audio signal. First the sound object audio file is obtained and then a direction and an active duration of the sound object audio file is determined. ... Nokia

03/29/18 / #20180091268

Method and apparatus for resource aggregation in wireless communications

Methods and apparatus for cell aggregation are disclosed. In accordance with one aspect information regarding a predefined maximum number of cells that can be aggregated by a communication device on a single carrier resource is sent by the communication device. ... Nokia

03/29/18 / #20180091264

Method, system and apparatus

There is provided a method comprising causing uplink feedback information to be transmitted via a radio interface of a first access point, wherein the uplink feedback information is associated with a protocol entity for downlink data transmission via a radio interface of a second access point only.. . ... Nokia

03/29/18 / #20180091213

Mobile base station receiver digitalization capacity enhancement using combined analog signals

Various communication systems may benefit from capacity enhancement. A method can include receiving, via a first antenna, a first signal on a first analog radio frequency. ... Nokia

03/29/18 / #20180091100

Multiple-band matching network for a doherty power amplifier and amplifiers, transmitters, and base stations using the same

An apparatus includes a doherty pa having an input, an output manifold, and peaking and main amplifier paths. The peaking amplifier path includes peaking amplifier(s) configured to amplify signals over multiple frequency bands. ... Nokia

03/29/18 / #20180090622

A method and apparatus for providing a transistor

A method and apparatus wherein the method comprises: providing at least one electrode within a semiconductor layer wherein the semiconductor layer is provided on a first side of a wafer; thinning the wafer to produce a thinned wafer; providing graphene on a second side of the thinned wafer; attaching the semiconductor layer to an electrical interface on the first side of the thinned wafer; and providing at least one electrical connection from the graphene to the electrical interface so as to form a transistor comprising the at least one electrode and the graphene.. . ... Nokia

03/29/18 / #20180090121

Apparatus, method and computer program for adjustable noise cancellation

An apparatus receives a background audio signal from an earpiece microphone. The earpiece microphone is configured to convert sound from a surrounding environment into the background audio signal. ... Nokia

03/29/18 / #20180089839

Moving object detection based on motion blur

The present disclosure relates to moving object detection based on motion blur. In one embodiment, variances of a pixel in an image for a set of frequencies are determined based on a gradient of the pixel. ... Nokia

03/29/18 / #20180088205

Positioning

A method of determining a user location comprises: calculating a horizontal velocity and direction of horizontal movement of a mobile device in communication with at least one wireless access point, calculating an observed doppler shift in a signal transmitted between the mobile device and the at least one wireless access point, calculating an expected doppler shift in the transmitted signal based on a carrier frequency, the horizontal velocity and direction of horizontal movement, and determining a vertical position of the mobile device based on the expected doppler shift and the observed doppler shift. A mobile device, apparatus and positioning system for performing the method are also provided.. ... Nokia

03/29/18 / #20180087913

An apparatus and associated methods for use in live navigation

An apparatus comprising a processor and memory including computer program code, the memory and computer program code configured to, with the processor, enable the apparatus at least to: for a defined road journey through a road network from a start location lo an end location, assign respective sub-portions of the defined road journey to each of a group of mobile devices associated with one or more travellers for the road journey according to at least one predefmed assignment criterion, wherein each of the group of mobile devices is configured for provision of live mapping data for live navigation of the respective sub-portion of the road journey, and wherein the at least one predefmed assignment criterion comprises a discontinuity criterion configured to assign two or more consecutive sub-portions of the road journey to be discontinuous.. . ... Nokia

03/29/18 / #20180085549

Method, apparatus and computer program product for providing a dynamic wake-up alert

A method, apparatus, and computer program product are provided for providing a dynamic wake-up alert. A user's sleep recovery need is determined based on a variety of factors, including but not limited to, mental stress level, physical activity, the individual's sleep history record, and/or data relating to circadian rhythms, recommended sleep times, patterns and cycles. ... Nokia

03/29/18 / #20180085070

Method and apparatus for detecting body-related temperature changes

Methods and apparatuses (10) for detecting body-related temperature changes are provided. The method comprises measuring a skin-surface temperature at a first temperature sensor element (12) at a measuring rate (s21) and measuring an ambient temperature at a second temperature sensor element (13) at the measuring rate (s22). ... Nokia

03/22/18 / #20180084518

Using a wlan interworking gateway (wig) for offloading ue traffic from cellular network to wlan

There is provided a method comprising receiving, at a control node associated with a plurality of access points of a first network (e.g. A wlan interworking gateway-wig), information from an access point of a second network (e.g. ... Nokia

03/22/18 / #20180084515

Wireless device ranging

A method and apparatus for detecting, by a first device, a timing measurement frame from a second device, the timing measurement frame having a plurality of time measurement samples, wherein at least the first of the measurement samples has a transmit timestamp value; determining transmit timing values for the subsequent measurement samples; applying a receive timestamp value to each of the received measurement samples; and determining a relative clock drift between a clock of the first device and a clock of the second device by comparing the receive timestamp values with transmit timing values of one or more measurement samples contained in the frame.. . ... Nokia

03/22/18 / #20180084467

Cell selection

A technique including detecting respective pairs of primary and auxiliary priority indicator values for a plurality of radio resources of a radio access network in one or more transmissions by said radio access network; and selecting a cell to adopt as a serving cell based at least partly on both said primary indicator values and said auxiliary indicator values; wherein the primary priority indicator values for said plurality of radio resources provide an indication of the priority order for said plurality of radio resources to a first degree of resolution; and the combinations of primary and auxiliary priority indicator values for said plurality of radio resources provide an indication of the priority order for said plurality of radio resources to a second degree of resolution higher than said first degree of resolution.. . ... Nokia

03/22/18 / #20180084458

Optimized signaling for wlan/3gpp aggregation

Various communication systems may benefit from the appropriate aggregation of multiple radio access technologies. For example, certain communication systems may benefit from optimized signaling for wireless local area network and third generation partnership projection aggregation. ... Nokia

03/22/18 / #20180084434

Method and apparatus for installing antenna devices and guiding installation

In accordance with an example embodiment of the present invention, an apparatus comprising: at least one processor; and at least one memory including computer program code, wherein the at least one memory and the computer program code are configured to, with the at least one processor, cause the apparatus to perform at least the following: set from one edge against a surface location, detect that the one edge of the apparatus is against the surface location, and cause an angle of the apparatus towards a base station to be measured, wherein the angle is used to determine surface location for an antenna installation.. . ... Nokia

03/22/18 / #20180084365

Audio processing apparatus

An apparatus comprising: a spatial audio analyser configured to determine, using at least one audio signal, at least one acoustic source; a location determiner configured to determining at least one point of interest location associated with the at least one acoustic source; a trajectory determiner configured to determine a trajectory of the at least one point of interest location associated with the at least one acoustic source; and a processor configured to reproduce the at least one audio signal from at least one sound playback transducer based on the determined trajectory.. . ... Nokia

03/22/18 / #20180083811

Demodulation reference signal based automatic gain control

When processing a signal received wirelessly a gain is applied to a reference signal and the wireless channel over which a received signal passed is estimated using the reference signal with the applied gain. Equalization values obtained from the estimating are adjusted to remove effects of the applied gain. ... Nokia

03/22/18 / #20180083587

Method and apparatus for controlling audio playback based upon the instrument

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided to adjust audio file playback in terms of volume and/or compression. By example, a method separates an audio file into tracks, each attributable to a different instrument. ... Nokia

03/22/18 / #20180082700

Protected extended playback mode

A protected extended playback mode protects the integrity of audio and side information of a spatial audio signal and sound object and position information of audio objects in an immersive audio capture and rendering environment. Integrity verification data for audio-related data determined. ... Nokia

03/22/18 / #20180081170

Diffraction grating and method of manufacture

A method including forming a substrate to form a template which includes areas of high relief and areas of low relief; and forming a high refractive index diffraction grating in the template by adding high refractive index material to the template to form a continuous low relief surface. The high refractive index material fills the areas of low relief and covers the areas of high relief of the template to form a high refractive index diffraction grating. ... Nokia

03/15/18 / #20180077665

Method and apparatus for the activation of services

An approach is provided for presenting an activation indicator to a user. A connection with a mobile device is detected. ... Nokia

03/15/18 / #20180077579

Small cell activation in hetnet

There is provided a method including, in a network that includes at least one larger cell and a plurality of smaller cells, determining a subset of the plurality of smaller cells in dependence on channel information associated with communication between a plurality of user equipments and at least one of the larger and smaller cells and activating the subset of smaller cells, wherein the activating includes causing the smaller cell to operate on resources associated with the at least one larger cell.. . ... Nokia

03/15/18 / #20180077477

Porous audio device housing

An apparatus comprises a housing, the housing having a porosity comprising pores that are substantially non-discernible to a user such that sound waves from an outside of the housing can be received at an inside of the housing; at least one microphone located at the inside of the housing and configured to receive the sound waves via acoustic connection to the outside of the housing; a processor for processing the sound waves received by the at least one microphone; and a memory for storing the processed sound waves as a file. The at least one microphone is not mechanically coupled to the pores.. ... Nokia

03/15/18 / #20180077361

Method and apparatus for creating motion effect for image

A method includes maintaining images and associated video streams; detecting a swipe gesture of a user on a touch sensitive display, wherein the swipe gesture comprises direction and speed information; and selecting an image based on the direction information of the swipe gesture. The method includes adjusting a playback of an associated video stream based on the direction and the speed information of the swipe gesture; providing the associated video stream on the display during the swipe gesture, for creating a motion effect relating to the image; and providing the image on the display after the swipe gesture.. ... Nokia

03/15/18 / #20180077294

Charging and control of edge services

An apparatus, a method and a computer program product related to charging and control of edge services is provided. The apparatus comprises a processor and a memory for storing instructions to be executed by the processor, wherein the apparatus is connectable to a radio access network element and the processor is configured to provide a connection to a core network, to handle applications and/or services for a user equipment connected to the radio access network element, and to handle charging and/or policy control for the applications and/or services.. ... Nokia

03/15/18 / #20180077210

Method and apparatus for controlled observation point and orientation selection audiovisual content

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided to provide the rendering of audiovisual content, such as 360-degree virtual reality content, in a manner that allows for control over whether, and to what degree, the content presented to a viewer should take into account the relative positioning of the content with respect to the viewer. In particular, implementations are presented that allow for situational control over the rendering of content based on an initial observation setup associated with a segment or subsegment of content, the orientation of the viewing device, and/or the manner in which the segment or subsegment is accessed by a playback device.. ... Nokia

03/15/18 / #20180073988

Apparatus and method for sensing

An apparatus and method, the apparatus comprising: an information electrode;a ground electrode;a photo-resistive element configured to enable the information electrode to be connected to the ground electrode; and wherein the apparatus is configured to enable a sensor element to be positioned overlaying the photo-resistive element such that a change in optical properties of the sensor element controls the connection between the ground and information electrodes.. . ... Nokia

03/08/18 / #20180070247

Method and system for cell identifier optimization

A method for a cellular telecommunications network includes selecting a target cell in the cellular telecommunications network, retrieving automatic neighbor relations (anr) data including neighbor cell list information for a plurality of cells in the network, determining, from the anr data, first and second cells that are neighbors to the target cell and use a same physical cell identifier (pci), and at least one of the first and second cells is an inbound neighbor to the target cell, determining that pci confusion is present between the first and second cells with respect to the target cell, and resolving the pci confusion.. . ... Nokia

03/08/18 / #20180069516

Method and apparatus for supplying power to an amplifier

There are disclosed various methods and apparatuses for providing power to a set of power amplifiers. In some embodiments the method comprises obtaining first transmission parameters associated with a first transmit signal, selecting one or more output voltage values on the basis of the first transmission parameters, controlling a multi-level power source to generate one or more output voltages on the basis of the one or more output voltage values, multiplexing based on the first transmit signal between two or more of the output voltages and a first supply voltage terminal of a first power amplifier, and amplifying the first transmit signal with the first power amplifier.. ... Nokia

03/08/18 / #20180068450

Method and apparatus for facilitating stereo vision through the use of multi-layer shifting

A method, apparatus and computer program products are provided for facilitating stereo vision through the use of multi-layer shifting. One example method includes receiving a first rgb image and a second rgb image, each captured from a different position, generating corresponding depth images, performing a first segmentation on the depth images, performing a second segmentation on the rgb images resulting in a first object mask and a second object mask, stitching of the background layers to form a background layer, generating a series of images comprising a first image representative of a view from the first position and a second image representative of a view from the second position, the series of images demonstrating a shifting of an object layer occurring at a higher speed than a shifting of the background layer.. ... Nokia

03/08/18 / #20180068126

Privacy management

According to an example aspect of the present invention, there is provided an apparatus comprising a memory interface configured to access a plurality of privacy feature requirement sets, each privacy feature requirement set being associated with a source code segment, and at least one processing core configured to select a first source code segment from among the source code segments based on a comparison between a privacy feature requirement set associated with the first source code segment and a current privacy feature requirement set, and to derive a privacy feature deviation set using the current privacy feature requirement set and the selected first source code segment.. . ... Nokia

03/01/18 / #20180063838

Method, apparatus, system and computer program for lte carrier bandwidth extension using increased subcarrier spacing

. . There is provided a method comprising providing, in dependence on a first subcarrier spacing of a first subframe structure, a second subcarrier spacing of a second subframe structure, wherein the first subframe structure has a first subframe length and at least one first cyclic prefix length and providing a second subframe length of the second subframe structure, the second subframe length comprising m symbols, wherein each symbol contains a second cyclic prefix, the second cyclic prefix length modified by a length variant.. . ... Nokia

03/01/18 / #20180063825

Method and apparatus for resource allocation in v2v communications system

There is provided a method comprising receiving a request from a user equipment for resource allocation for at least one service coverage zone in a coverage area of a first network, the first network comprising a plurality of nodes forming a synchronised sub-network, said nodes configured to provide a user equipment with at least one of instant radio access and cellular access, wherein the sub-network is associated with at least one cellular network which provides cellular access over the first network area and wherein said request comprises first information, allocating instant radio access resources for the user equipment for use within the at least one service coverage zone and providing an indication of said instant radio access resources to said user equipment.. . ... Nokia

03/01/18 / #20180063757

Method and system for cell identifier optimization

A method for a cellular telecommunications network includes performing a modulo operation on a physical cell identifier (pci) of a target cell to determine a first pci mod value, determining first tier neighbors of the target cell, determining that at least one of the first tier neighbors uses a pci that has a pci mod value that is the same as the first pci mod value, comparing a number of handover attempts between the target cell and the at least one first tier neighbor with the first pci mod value to a first threshold value, and when the number of handover attempts exceeds the threshold value, replacing the pci of the target cell with a pci with a second pci mod value different from the first pci mod value.. . ... Nokia

03/01/18 / #20180063706

Wireless routing

According to an example aspect of the present invention, there is provided an apparatus comprising a receiver configured to receive, from a first node, an indication of privacy preference and, from a second node, an indication relating to an accuracy at which the second node can determine a location of the first node (510), and at least one processing core configured to determine routing information based at least in part on the indication of privacy preference and the indication relating to the accuracy (520).. . ... Nokia

03/01/18 / #20180063426

Method, apparatus and computer program product for indicating a seam of an image in a corresponding area of a scene

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided for indicating a seam of a subject image, such as a panoramic image generated from multiple images, in a corresponding area of a scene. Information may be received regarding the position, settings, and/or other attributes of a camera(s). ... Nokia

03/01/18 / #20180062800

Bearer setup in dual connectivity

In some example embodiments, there is provided a method. The method may include generating, by a network node, a message including an indication of whether a bearer is at least one of a default bearer or a dedicated bearer; and sending, by the network node, the generated message, wherein the generated message is sent to a base station to enable the base station to control assignment of the bearer to a macrocell when the indication represents that the bearer is a default bearer. ... Nokia

03/01/18 / #20180059891

Apparatus and method for providing a visual transition between screens

An apparatus, method, and computer program product are described that provide for the display of a visual transition between screens representing different interactive content to indicate to a user that the user is “leaving” (e.g., transitioning away) from one screen and is “entering” (e.g., transitioning to) another screen. In particular, a first graphical effect may be applied to a first screen and a second, different graphical effect may be applied to the second screen. ... Nokia

02/22/18 / #20180054585

Quantum dot sensor readout

An apparatus, including a quantum dot graphene field effect transistor configured to operate such that photons incident thereon cause electron-hole pairs to be formed; a connector element connected to the back gate of the transistor; a switch element as an output switch to provide an output for a current flowing through the transistor. The transistor is configured to be back gate biased via the connector element connected to the back gate such that the electrons or the holes formed are trapped in an at least one quantum dot and respectively the holes or the electrons migrate to the channel of the transistor. ... Nokia

02/22/18 / #20180054333

Non-orthogonal cover codes for co-channel network isolation

Various communication systems may benefit from identification of devices or systems using a channel. For example, certain communication systems may benefit from non-orthogonal cover code for co-channel network isolation. ... Nokia

02/22/18 / #20180052001

Location privacy

According to an example aspect of the present invention, there is provided an apparatus comprising at least one receiver configured to receive a route indication specifying an initial point (110) and an end point of a route (120), and at least one processing core configured to determine a plurality of candidate routes (112, 114) based at least in part on the route indication and a privacy preference indication, and to determine for each of the plurality of candidate routes a privacy overhead route (112p, 114p).. . ... Nokia

02/15/18 / #20180049189

Method and apparatus for implementing dynamic signaling of downlink control usage

A method and apparatus may include performing, by a network node, a short physical downlink shared channel scheduling decision for a user equipment. The method can also include determining a short physical downlink control channel candidate for carrying a downlink assignment to the user equipment. ... Nokia

02/15/18 / #20180049140

Method and apparatus for controlling high power transmission

In accordance with an example embodiment of the present invention, methods, apparatae and software products are presented for enabling transmission by devices requiring a priori and periodic authorization from a spectrum access server for transmission.. . ... Nokia

02/15/18 / #20180049120

Network signaling optimization for light connected mode

Various communication systems can benefit from signaling optimization. For example, communication systems including fourth generation (4g) and fifth generation (5g) networks may benefit from network signaling optimization for light connected mode. ... Nokia

02/15/18 / #20180049104

Method, apparatus, system and computer program for vehicular communication smart radio access zones

There is provided a method comprising determining a service coverage zone operation within a network, the network able to form a synchronised sub-network, and being associated with at least one cellular network which provides cellular access over the coverage area of the network, configuring, in dependence on the determined service coverage zone operation, a plurality of nodes of the network for providing a service coverage zone to provide at least one service, providing an indication of the service coverage zone to at least one user equipment and controlling access of the at least one user equipment to the at least one service.. . ... Nokia

02/15/18 / #20180049080

Network controlled sharing of measurement gaps for intra and inter frequency measurements for wireless networks

A technique includes receiving, by a user device in a wireless network, a measurement gap allocation instruction from a serving cell, the measurement gap allocation instruction indicating a distribution of measurement gaps to be used for measurements on multiple carrier frequencies, including for intra-frequency measurements and inter-frequency measurements, and performing, by the user device, measurements for one or more carrier frequencies during one or more measurement gaps based on the measurement gap allocation instruction.. . ... Nokia

02/15/18 / #20180049053

Radio link monitoring methods for wireless systems with multiple coverage levels

A method, apparatus, and computer program product where a user equipment, in a wireless communications system, measures downlink radio quality based on available downlink signals. The user equipment compares the measured downlink radio quality with rlm thresholds. ... Nokia

02/15/18 / #20180049046

Apparatus and method of signalling support for reduced latency operation

Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products of signalling support for reduced latency operation are provided.. . ... Nokia

02/15/18 / #20180048910

Method and associated device for filtering digital video images

The application relates to a method for reducing visual artefacts in a frame of a digital video signal, which is coded by blocks and then decoded. A block type is defined according to the coding method for a block selected according to a predetermined set of coding types. ... Nokia

02/15/18 / #20180048900

Apparatus, a method and a computer program for video coding

There is disclosed an apparatus, a method and a computer program for video coding. The apparatus comprises a selector configured for selecting a pixel for prediction; a projection definer configured for determining a projection of said pixel to a set of reference pixels; and a prediction definer configured for selecting one or more reference pixels from said set of reference pixels on the basis of said projection, and using said selected one or more reference pixels to obtain a prediction value for said pixel to be predicted.. ... Nokia

02/15/18 / #20180048514

Mechanism to support operator assisted parental control

Certain embodiments of the invention generally relate to mobile communications. For example, some embodiments relate to mechanism(s) to support operator assisted parental control of encrypted traffic in wireless networks. ... Nokia

02/15/18 / #20180048511

Methods and apparatuses for use of guard bands supporting mixed numerology use in new radio

Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for use of guard bands supporting mixed numerology use in new radio (nr) are provided.. . ... Nokia

02/15/18 / #20180048448

Epdcch search space determination

Embodiments of the present invention generally relate to enhanced physical downlink control channel (epdcch) search space determination. In one embodiment, a base station may identify an index of the current epdcch occasion period, each epdcch occasion period including a number of subframes, and the subframes being divided to a number of search units. ... Nokia

02/15/18 / #20180048265

Method and apparatus for supplying power to an amplifier

There are disclosed various methods and apparatuses for providing power to a power amplifier. In some embodiments the method comprises producing a first reference signal having a level above a target signal, and producing a second reference signal having a level below the target signal. ... Nokia

02/15/18 / #20180048063

Beamforming antenna array

There is provided an apparatus comprising: an antenna array for generating radio beams, the antenna array comprising antenna element sub-groups and each antenna element sub-group comprising a plurality of antenna elements; signal input means for providing an input signal to each antenna element sub-group and to the plurality of antenna elements within each antenna element sub-group via electrical connections, wherein the plurality of antenna elements within each antenna element sub-group are consecutively electrically connected to each other such that the input signal is configured to be inputted, within each antenna element sub-group, to at least one antenna element via at least one other antenna element; and phase shift means for shifting a phase of the input signal between the consecutively electrically connected antenna elements within each antenna element sub-group.. . ... Nokia

02/15/18 / #20180046859

Apparatus for a near-eye display

An apparatus for providing gaze tracking in a near-eye display. Certain examples provide an apparatus including a light modulator configured to receive light of a first range of wavelengths and generate an image beam therefrom. ... Nokia

02/15/18 / #20180046825

Method and apparatus for discovering social ties based on cloaked trajectories

An approach is provided for discovering social ties among users based on cloaked trajectories. In a method, cloaked regions of a first trajectory of a first user and cloaked regions of a second trajectory of a second user are transformed to corresponding semantic regions, respectively, wherein a semantic region is expressed with a semantic meaning of a corresponding cloaked region. ... Nokia

02/15/18 / #20180046342

Image navigation

A method comprising: enabling display at a first target location in a display image of a first portion of an image; and enabling, in response to a defined user action, non-linear image-content-dependent navigation to a second portion of the image to change the display image to include at a second target location in the display image the second portion of the image, wherein the second portion of the image is dependent upon a content of the image.. . ... Nokia

02/15/18 / #20180046312

Apparatus and method for sensing

An apparatus and method, the apparatus including a sensor array including a plurality of first sensors configured to detect a first attribute; at least one second sensor configured to detect a second attribute; wherein the at least one second sensor is configured such that, in response to detecting a trigger input including the second attribute the second sensor enables a first portion of the sensor array to be powered on while a second portion of the sensor array remains powered off.. . ... Nokia

02/15/18 / #20180046070

Apparatuses and methods for providing light

An apparatus comprising: including a light source; a pixel control element; and an input transmission polarizer configured to: polarize incident light from the light source into transmitted first and second light portions, wherein the first light portion has a first polarization and the second light portion has a second polarization and wherein the first and second polarizations are orthogonal; to provide the first light portion as input to the pixel control element; and to output the second light portion to provide the second light portion for illumination.. . ... Nokia

02/08/18 / #20180042068

Extended discontinuous reception signaling for connected mode user equipments

A user equipment uses extended discontinuous reception (drx) when the user equipment is in connected mode with a communication network. The extended drx comprises extended drx cycles and offsets, which are based on a value of a specific drx cycle. ... Nokia

02/08/18 / #20180042052

Communication efficiency

There is provided a method comprising: transmitting, by a terminal device, a random access preamble to a network node, receiving a random access response from the network node, determining a transmission band based on the random access response, transmitting a first scheduled transmission signal on the determined transmission band using sub-carrier-wise filtering, using sub-carrier group-wise filtering or by placing at least one blank value at an edge area of at least one frame used for the transmitting, receiving a data transmission grant for a second scheduled transmission signal, and transmitting the second scheduled transmission signal based on the received data transmission grant.. . ... Nokia

02/08/18 / #20180042048

Signaling of listen-before-talk type for unlicensed spectrum operation

Various communication systems may benefit from signaling that instructs operation of devices. For example, certain wireless communication systems can benefit from signaling of listen-before-talk type for unlicensed spectrum operation. ... Nokia

02/08/18 / #20180042040

5g cloud ran method for symbol by symbol bit streaming

An exemplary method includes determining, at a centralized processing apparatus of a wireless network, a first subset of downlink user plane data corresponding to one or more wireless user equipments at least by calculating input data required at each of one or more l1 phy processing stages of a remote processing apparatus, wherein the first subset includes bits required by a remote processing apparatus to select a first symbol for transmission to the one or more user equipments at a first time slot; and streaming, via a fronthaul interface, the bits of the first subset followed by bits of one or more further subset of downlink user plane data, wherein the bits of the further subset of user plane data includes only the bits required to select by the remote processing apparatus a next symbol for transmission to the one or more of the wireless user equipments at a next time slot immediately following the first time slot.. . ... Nokia

02/08/18 / #20180042032

A method for resource release

A method is provided for handling resources for uplink semi-persistent scheduling transmission, wherein the resources are reserved periodically for a specific service, the method including monitoring data transmitted on the semi-persistent scheduling reserved resources and dynamic scheduled resource, checking whether a specific data element related to the specific service has not been received consecutively for a predefined period on the semi-persistent scheduling reserved resources and dynamic scheduled resource, and determining, when the specific data element has not been received for the predefined period, that the use of the specific service has ended. When it is determined that the use of the specific service has ended, an explicit release for the semi-persistent scheduling reserved resources may be triggered.. ... Nokia

02/08/18 / #20180042003

Transportation of user plane data across a split fronthaul interface

This specification describes a method comprising generating a first packet based on user plane data relating to a single user which is output by a first l1 phy processing stage, the first packet including a proper subset of the user plane data which is to be transmitted to the user equipment during a first time-slot symbol; passing the first packet to a second l1 phy processing stage across a split fronthaul interface in a first time period having a duration corresponding to a duration of transmission of the first time-slot symbol; and passing one or more subsequent packets including the remainder of the user plane data across the split fronthaul interface in one or more successive time periods which are immediately subsequent to the first time period.. . ... Nokia

02/08/18 / #20180041958

Coordinated techniques to improve application, network and device resource utilization of a data stream

Information is determined affecting data presentation of part of a data stream to a user application on a ue, and may be ec information and/or qoe information caused at least by the data presentation. The information is sent from the ue toward a content server from which the data stream is received by the ue. ... Nokia

02/08/18 / #20180041897

Service provisioning by local operator

Some embodiments of the present invention relate to an apparatus, a method, and a computer program product related to coexistence of two network operators, for example a local operator and an incumbent operator. In certain embodiments, a method may include monitoring if network information from a server part of an application is received by a client part of the application. ... Nokia

02/08/18 / #20180041892

Policy and charging control for groups

Policy and charging control for groups it is provided a method, comprising checking whether a first data connection to be established belongs to a predefined group of data connections; supervising whether a group session to a steering device is established, wherein the group session is dedicated to the group; prohibiting, if the first data connection belongs to the group and the group session is established, an apparatus performing the method from establishing a connection session to the steering device, wherein the connection session is dedicated to the first data connection only.. . ... Nokia

02/08/18 / #20180041777

Method and apparatus for encoding and decoding images

There are disclosed various methods and apparatuses for encoding an image. In some embodiments the method comprises obtaining a stripe comprising a magnitude bit of two or more coefficients, each magnitude bit belonging to the same bit-plane. ... Nokia

02/08/18 / #20180041526

Method and apparatus for mutual-aid collusive attack detection in online voting systems

Method and apparatus are disclosed for detecting mutual-aid collusive (mac) attack in a voting action of an online voting system. According to some embodiments, the method comprises: calculating a consumer-voter (cv) matrix, and/or calculating a similarity (sim) matrix; and determining mac attackers in the voting action based at least in part on the calculated cv matrix and/or similarity matrix. ... Nokia

02/08/18 / #20180041407

Filter component tuning method

Target mode frequencies are calculated for a defined filter component used as a reference for filter components to be tuned. The defined filter component has resonant mode(s), each having a mode frequency which can be tuned to a corresponding target mode frequency via physical adjustment of parameter(s) of the filter component. ... Nokia

02/08/18 / #20180041327

Frequency domain compression for fronthaul interface

Frequency domain compression of fronthaul interface for transporting frequency domain data over ethernet includes applying inverse discrete fourier transform to frequency domain data contained in a frequency bandwidth to generate a time domain output signal in a time domain. The time domain output signal is compressed to generate a compressed time domain output signal. ... Nokia

02/08/18 / #20180041181

Filter component tuning using size adjustment

A method for tuning a filter component using size adjustment includes measuring a first frequency of a first resonant mode of a dielectric resonator component of an rf filter, said dielectric resonator component being a block of dielectric material having a cuboid shape with three pairs of opposite faces. The first resonant mode has an electric-field component oriented in a direction perpendicular to one of the pairs of opposite faces and parallel to the other two pairs of opposite faces. ... Nokia

02/08/18 / #20180039091

A display apparatus

An apparatus including a light source configured to output unpixelated light; an array of reflective pixel control elements configured to selectively reflect incident unpixelated light to produce first pixelated light defining first display content; a pixelated display configured to produce second pixelated light defining second display content; and an optical arrangement configured to direct unpixelated light from the light source to the array of reflective pixel control elements and to combine the pixelated light defining the first display content and the second pixelated light defining the second display content to provide, as an output, third pixelated light defining third display content.. . ... Nokia

02/08/18 / #20180035905

User wearable apparatus with optical sensor

A user wearable apparatus including an optical sensor structure configured to optically monitor an area of a body of a user wearing the apparatus to monitor a physiological property of the user. A movement of at least one part of the optical sensor structure is caused to change the monitored area of the body of the user and to determine a desired monitoring area, and thereafter the monitoring of the physiological property of the user is maintained at the determined desired monitoring area.. ... Nokia

02/01/18 / #20180035477

Handling of proximity services device to device related identities at radio access network level

Handling of related identities may be valuable in communication systems. More particularly, in areas such as long term evolution advanced (lte-a) proximity services (prose), it may be useful to provide for handling of prose device to device (d2d) related identities at the radio access network (ran) level. ... Nokia

02/01/18 / #20180035443

Uplink scheduling with wlan/3gpp aggregation

In some example embodiments there is provided a method. The method may include receiving, at a user equipment, configuration information, wherein the configuration information at least configures the user equipment for wireless local area network aggregation with cellular; and dividing, based on the received configuration, packet transmission between a cellular transceiver and a wireless local area network transceiver. ... Nokia

02/01/18 / #20180035409

Mitigation of rate matching errors in a wireless network

An example implementation may include determining that a soft buffer size for a transport block of a serving cell in a wireless network has changed, determining a maximum transport block size to be used for downlink data transmission to a user device during a connection reconfiguration process, and causing sending, to the user device during the connection reconfiguration process, a transport block that is less than or equal to the maximum transport block size.. . ... Nokia

02/01/18 / #20180035360

Access control to services in a network

Various communication services may benefit from access controls. For example, certain wireless communication systems may benefit from access control to services in a network, such as access to services at mobile edge as distinct from core network services. ... Nokia

02/01/18 / #20180035320

Methods and apparatuses relating to v2x communication

This specification describes a method comprising responding to a detection of a variation in at least one measured characteristic of a reference signal transmitted from an access point to a portable device by triggering participation by the portable device in vehicle-to-portable device communications. In some examples, the triggering of the participation in the vehicle-to-portable device communications in response to the detection of the variation in the at least one measured characteristic of the reference signal may be performed only if it has been determined that a location of the portable device satisfies a predetermined condition.. ... Nokia

02/01/18 / #20180035294

Service discovery

A technique for service discovery is provided. According to an example embodiment, the technique comprises creating in a wireless communication device and in dependence of a service authentication key associated with a service available in the wireless communication device, a concealed service identifier for identification of said service, constructing a service information message comprising a device identifier assigned for said wireless communication device and said concealed service identifier, and transmitting said service information message from the wireless communication device over a wireless link to one or more further wireless communication devices.. ... Nokia

02/01/18 / #20180035255

Methods and apparatuses relating to determination of locations of portable devices

This specification describes a method comprising detecting presence of a portable device in a vicinity of a first vehicle based on an identifier of the portable device which is detected at first user equipment, ue, located at the first vehicle, and further comprising causing transmission, from the first ue to a second ue located at a second vehicle in the vicinity of the first vehicle, of the identifier of the portable device and measurement data relating to the portable device and collected at the first vehicle, the measurement data being for use at the second vehicle to determine the location of the portable device relative to the second vehicle.. . ... Nokia

02/01/18 / #20180034893

Media file sharing, correlation of metadata related to shared media files and assembling shared media file collections

The present invention provides for systems and methods for communicating media files and creating a collection of media files, also referred to herein as a master media file. In addition, the systems and methods of the present invention provide for the creation of automatic metadata and compilation of metadata associated with the collection of media files. ... Nokia

02/01/18 / #20180034819

Method and apparatus for heterogeneous data storage management in cloud computing

Method and apparatus are disclosed for heterogeneous data storage management in cloud computing. According to some embodiments, a method for managing data storage in a communication network comprises: receiving at a data center in the communication network from a first device, a request for storing a data in the data center; checking whether the same data has been stored in the data center; in response to a check result that no same data has been stored in the data center, receiving from the first device a data package containing at least the data in plaintext or ciphertext (ct) in response to a check result that the same data has been stored in the data center, obtaining a deduplication policy for the data; when the deduplication policy indicates deduplication to be controlled by both or either of an authorized party (ap) and an owner of the data, or only the ap, or only the data owner, contacting both or either of the ap and the data owner, or only the ap, or only the data owner to conduct deduplication for the data; and when the deduplication policy indicates deduplication to be controlled by none of the ap and the data owner, conducting deduplication for the data at the data center. ... Nokia

02/01/18 / #20180034781

Security mechanism for hybrid networks

An apparatus comprising at least one processing circuitry, and at least one memory for storing instructions to be executed by the processing circuitry, wherein the at least one memory and the instructions are configured to, with the at least one processing circuitry, cause the apparatus at least: to execute management tasks in an automated manner related to a control of security in a communication between two end points of a communication connection in a hybrid communication network, wherein the security is controlled for physical and virtual parts of the hybrid communication network, and to automatically control at least one of deployment, configuration and management of a security service including at least one security function instantiated or implemented in the hybrid communication network.. . ... Nokia

02/01/18 / #20180034699

Network coordination apparatus

A method comprising determining at least one event criteria from a received event function request; determining an event impact from the at least one event criteria and a general function impact; determining whether the event impact interferes with at least one implemented function instance; and generating a coordination output based on the determination whether the event impact inteferes.. . ... Nokia

02/01/18 / #20180034422

Controlling mechanism for a direct learning algorithm

The present invention addresses method, apparatus and computer program product for controlling a direct learning algorithm. Thereby, a power amplifier operating in a non-linear state is controlled. ... Nokia

02/01/18 / #20180033060

Method and apparatus for verifying association of users with products and information

An approach is provided for substantially automatically determining that a user is associated with at least one product. A processing platform determines one or more media files, one or more content files, or a combination thereof, which are associated with the at least one product. ... Nokia

02/01/18 / #20180032772

Detector logic and radio identification device and method for enhancing terminal operations

An electronic device operable with a radio frequency identification device operable with a detector logic and a method for operating the electronic device with a radio frequency identification device and a detector logic is provided. Firstly, a detection event is registered by the detector logic. ... Nokia

02/01/18 / #20180031486

Apparatus, system and method for detecting analytes from a user's skin

An apparatus, method and system wherein the apparatus comprises: a pump comprising an attachment portion configured to enable the pump to be attached to a user's skin, wherein the pump is configured to draw analytes from the user's body into the apparatus by reducing pressure on the user's skin in an area covered by the pump; at least one detector configured to detect one or more analytes or combinations of analytes which are drawn into the apparatus; the apparatus being arranged to be coupled to a controller to enable the pressure on the user's skin to be adjusted.. . ... Nokia

01/25/18 / #20180027405

Handling of certificates for embedded universal integrated circuit cards

The present invention provides apparatuses, methods, computer programs, computer program products and computer-readable media regarding handling of certificates for embedded universal integrated circuit cards. The present invention comprises composing, by a management entity, such as a subscription manager, a deletion command message for deleting certificates from an embedded universal integrated circuit card, euicc, on which a plurality of certificates is pre-installed, the deletion command message including information on certificates to be deleted and an authorization of the management entity, and transmitting the deletion command message to the euicc.. ... Nokia

01/25/18 / #20180026958

Fast-accessing method and apparatus

A fast-accessing method may comprise: establishing a first security connection between a first network node and a user equipment; obtaining first information from a second network node, wherein the first information comprises at least one of system information of the second network node and an identifier of a security algorithm selected by the second network node for the user equipment; providing second information to the second network node, in response to an indication of the second network node from the user equipment, wherein the second information comprises security information related to the user equipment; and sending the first information to the user equipment for establishing a second security connection between the user equipment and the second network node.. . ... Nokia

01/25/18 / #20180026896

Adaptive and dynamic qos/qoe enforcement

Methods and apparatus, including computer program products, are provided an application scheduler. Related apparatus, systems, methods, and articles are also described.. ... Nokia

01/25/18 / #20180026762

Methods and apparatus for coordination of wireless network communication

Systems and techniques for coordinating wireless local area networking communication. An access point capable of ofdma communication transmits to one or more stations capable of synchronous communication. ... Nokia

01/25/18 / #20180026587

Stabilization of direct learning algorithm for wideband signals

The present invention addresses method, apparatus and computer program product for stabilization of the direct learning algorithm for wideband signals. Thereby, a signal to be amplified is input to a pre-distorter provided for compensating for non-linearity of the power amplifier, and the pre-distorted output signal from the pre-distorter is forwarded to the power amplifier. ... Nokia

01/25/18 / #20180025613

Apparatus for detecting humidity

An apparatus comprising: a humidity-dependent electrical energy source configured to provide electrical energy when an environment occupied by the humidity-dependent electrical energy source becomes humid; and an electrically activated visual indicator coupled to receive provided electrical energy from the humidity-dependent electrical energy source and configured to provide a visual indication that the environment occupied by the humidity-dependent electrical energy source has become humid.. . ... Nokia

01/25/18 / #20180025462

Method and apparatus for publishing locational copyrighted watermarking video

Method and apparatus are disclosed for publishing locational copyrighted watermarking video. According to some embodiments, a method for embedding location information into a video comprises: separating the video into at least one key frame and at least one in-between frame set corresponding to the at least one key frame; receiving location data for the at least one key frame; encrypting the location data for the at least one key frame based on a location private key; and embedding the encrypted location data into the at least one key frame.. ... Nokia

01/25/18 / #20180025232

Surveillance

A method comprising: associating a message with one or more presentation criterion and a physical location in a scene; automatically processing recorded first sensor data from the scene to recognize automatically satisfaction of the one or more presentation criterion; and in response to recognition of satisfaction of the one or more presentation criterion entering a presentation state to enable: automatic presentation of the message into the scene at the physical location.. . ... Nokia

01/25/18 / #20180025151

Wireless memory device authentication

A system for wireless memory device authentication is provided, wherein a communications device receives a certified public key from a wireless memory device. The communications device validates the public key and send a challenge to the wireless memory device. ... Nokia

01/25/18 / #20180024799

Apparatus, methods and computer programs for providing images

An apparatus, method and computer program wherein the apparatus includes: processing circuitry; and memory circuitry including computer program code, the memory circuitry and the computer program code configured to, with the processing circuitry, enable the apparatus to perform; detecting whether or not a user is viewing an external display area or an internal display area; controlling an image source to provide images for the internal display area in response to detecting that a user is viewing the internal display area: and controlling an image source to provide images for the external display area in response to detecting that a user is viewing the external display area.. . ... Nokia

01/25/18 / #20180024688

An apparatus and methods for sensing

An apparatus and method wherein the apparatus comprises;a sensor arrangement comprising a plurality of sensor cells wherein a sensor cell comprises a transistor and a sensor coupled to the transistor;first selection circuitry configured to sequence a subset of sensor cells to which a gate input signal is provided, wherein the gate input signal is provided to the gate of the transistors within the sensor cells; second selection circuitry configured to sequence a subset of sensor cells from which an output signal is received;sensing signal circuitry configured to provide a sensing signal, wherein the sensors are provided between the sensing signal circuitry and the second selection circuitry such that the output signal provides an indication of the impedance of the sensors.. . ... Nokia

01/25/18 / #20180024092

Field-effect apparatus, associated apparatus and methods

An apparatus comprising a channel member, first and second electrodes configured to enable a flow of electrical current from the first electrode through the channel member to the second electrode, and a supporting substrate configured to support the channel member and the first and second electrodes, wherein one or more of the supporting substrate and electrodes are configured such that a portion of the channel member is suspended to expose opposing surfaces of the portion, the exposed opposing surfaces comprising respective functional coatings thereon configured to facilitate variation of the flow of electrical current through the channel member.. . ... Nokia

01/25/18 / #20180020975

Electrode for a user wearable apparatus

An electrode for a user wearable apparatus; the electrode comprising: a conductive part comprising conductive material, wherein the conductive part is configured to provide electrical connection to electronic components of the user wearable device, and an opening configured to provide an optical connection to electronic components of the user wearable apparatus through the electrode.. . ... Nokia

01/18/18 / #20180020472

Handover mechanism with pre-scheduling consecutive grants and pre-calculated timing advance

Various communication systems may benefit from mechanisms for transferring control over or communication with terminal devices. For example, certain wireless communication systems may benefit from a handover mechanism with pre-scheduling consecutive grants and pre calculated timing advance. ... Nokia

01/18/18 / #20180020418

Improvements in dual connectivity for different access networks

There are provided measures for improvements in dual connectivity for different access networks. Such measures exemplarily comprise providing control in a control plane for a terminal (ue) for access to a first access network (5g), wherein a coverage of the first access network (5g) at least partly overlaps a coverage of a second access network (4g), the terminal is capable of having access to the first access network (5g) and to the second access network (4g) in parallel, and access for the terminal to a respective access network (4g, 5g) is routed in a user plane via a respective distinct access network entity (enb, sgap) and to a respective (compatible) gateway (s-gw, ugw).. ... Nokia

01/18/18 / #20180020386

Improvements in handovers between different access networks

Methods and devices for improvements in handover between different access networks which enable seamless services to be experienced by a terminal. An aspect encompasses a device, comprising a processor configured to provide control in a control plane for a terminal for access to a first access network and to a second access network, wherein a coverage of the second access network at least partly overlaps the coverage of the first access network, the terminal is capable of having access to the first access network with a first service and to the second access network with a second service in parallel, and access for the terminal to a respective access network is routed in a user plane via a respective distinct access network entity.. ... Nokia

01/18/18 / #20180020385

Optimized timer value for controlling access network selection and traffic steering in 3gpp/wlan radio interworking1

The present invention provides apparatuses, methods, computer programs, computer program products and computer-readable media regarding an optimized time-to-trigger for wlan radio interworking. The present invention comprises defining, by a network element, a timer value indicating a time period during which rules for traffic management by a user equipment have to be fulfilled before the user equipment is allowed to start the traffic management, the traffic management including network selection of initiating a communication session in a communication network according to a first radio access technology and traffic steering of switching a communication session from the first communication network according to the first radio access technology to a second communication network according to a second radio access technology, wherein the timer value to be applied for network selection differs from the timer value applied for traffic steering, and transmitting, by the network element, the timer value to the user equipment.. ... Nokia

01/18/18 / #20180020356

Method, apparatus and system

There is provided a method including determining, at a first neighbour node of a spectrum sharing group of nodes, initial cost information for sharing spectrum with an acting node in said group in dependence on node parameters associated with the first neighbour node, causing the initial cost information to be sent the acting node, determining final cost information in dependence on received cost information associated with at least one second node neighbour of the group, the received cost information determined in dependence on parameters associated with the least one second neighbour node and causing the final cost information to be sent to the acting node.. . ... Nokia

01/18/18 / #20180019911

Physical uplink control channel cells in a communication network using carrier aggregation

A communication is executed between a user equipment and a communication network based on carrier aggregation using a first group of at least two pucch groups, the first group including a primary serving cell that carries a first pucch, and first serving cells which use the first pucch, and a second group of the at least two pucch groups, the second group including a secondary serving cell that carries a second pucch, and second serving cells which use the second pucch. In case a predetermined condition occurs, the communication is continued by exchanging the first group by the second group wherein the secondary serving cell that carries the second pucch becomes the primary serving cell and vice versa.. ... Nokia

01/18/18 / #20180019790

Method and apparatus for performing radio-resource-management measurements

A method and apparatus may include receiving, by a first network node, mapping information from at least one second network node. The mapping information indicates restrictions with respect to antenna ports to be used for measurements on each of one or more channel-state-information-reference-signal resources transmitted by at least one second network node. ... Nokia

01/18/18 / #20180019450

Apparatus comprising proton battery cells and a removable barrier layer

An apparatus comprising: one or more cells, each cell comprising: a proton conductor region configured to conduct proton charge carriers; a electron conductor region configured to conduct electrons; a first electrode associated with one of the proton conductor region and the electron conductor region; and a second electrode associated with the other of the proton conductor region and the electron conductor region; a removable barrier layer that is impermeable to water vapor extending over and protecting the one or more cells from water vapor; and a buffer layer that is permeable to water vapor between the one or more cells and the barrier layer.. . ... Nokia

01/18/18 / #20180017489

A mechanical deformation sensor based on plasmonic nanoparticles

An apparatus (517) comprising first and second plasmonic nanoparticles (502a, 502b) connected to one another by a deformable member (518), the first and second plasmonic nanoparticles each configured to exhibit a respective plasmon resonance when exposed to incident electromagnetic radiation (203), wherein, in a first configuration, the first and second plasmonic nanoparticles are in sufficient proximity to one another that their respective plasmon resonances can interact to produce a resulting plasmon resonance, and wherein mechanical deformation of the deformable member causes a variation in the relative position of the plasmonic nanoparticles to a second configuration to produce a detectable change in the resulting plasmon resonance of the first configuration which can be used to determine said mechanical deformation.. . ... Nokia

01/11/18 / #20180014247

Method and apparatus for implementing inter-radio-access-technologies for services

A method and apparatus may receive policy information from a network. The policy information indicates at least one preferred radio-access-technology for a service. ... Nokia

01/11/18 / #20180014232

Service based cell re-selection

A first network node of a first frequency layer, acquires (201) information on services that are offered by a second network node at a second, different frequency layer. The second network node is within the coverage area of the first network node. ... Nokia

01/11/18 / #20180014231

Method, apparatus and system

A method comprising: receiving at a source serving node (505) an identifier associated with a group of random access channel preambles for allocation by the source serving node (505), the group of random access channel preambles having been reserved at a serving node (503) from available random access channel preambles for the serving node (503); allocating at least one from the group of random access channel preambles, in response to determining a handover from the source serving node (505) to a target serving node (507); and transmitting (515) a message to the target serving node (507), the message comprising the at least one from the group of random access channel preambles.. . ... Nokia

01/11/18 / #20180014230

Uplink timing synchronization recovery process

Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for an uplink timing synchronization recovery process for rach-less handover are provided. One method includes detecting, by a network node, that at least one uplink transmission has not been successfully received from a user equipment. ... Nokia

01/11/18 / #20180014229

A method, apparatus and system for dual connectivity handover

There is provided a method including receiving, at a secondary cell, mapping information from a primary cell and using the mapping information to associate a connection request with a user equipment associated with the secondary cell.. . ... Nokia

01/11/18 / #20180013880

Interception for encrypted, transcoded media

Certain embodiments of the invention generally relate to lawful interception of communications for ip multimedia system-based (ims-based) voice over ip (voip). For example, some embodiments relate to interception of communications including interception for encrypted, transcoded media. ... Nokia

01/11/18 / #20180013082

Modular electronics apparatuses and methods

An apparatus comprising: a module; a substrate; and electrolyte between the module and the substrate, wherein an electronic component is formed between the module and the substrate and wherein the electrolyte is configured to function as the electrolyte in the electronic component and also as the adhesive to attach the module to the substrate.. . ... Nokia

01/11/18 / #20180012105

Localization and mapping method

A method comprising: obtaining a three-dimensional (3d) point cloud about an object; obtaining binary feature descriptors for feature points in a 2d image about the object; assigning a plurality of index values for each feature point as multiple bits of the corresponding binary feature descriptor; storing the binary feature descriptor in a table entry of a plurality of hash key tables of a database image; obtaining query binary feature descriptors for feature points in a query image; matching the query binary feature descriptors to the binary feature descriptors of the database image; reselecting one bit of the hash key of the matched database image; and re-indexing the feature points in the table entries of the hash key table of the database image.. . ... Nokia

01/04/18 / #20180007643

Transmission power control

Apparatuses and methods for transmission power control are disclosed. A given transmission resource and a first transmission power are determined (202, 204) for transmission. ... Nokia

01/04/18 / #20180007625

Selective scheduling grant rejection for spectrum sharing in a wireless network

An example technique may include controlling receiving, by a user device from a serving cell, a first control information including a scheduling grant that identifies a resource to be used for communication between the user device and the serving cell, controlling receiving, by the user device, at least a part of a second control information from one or more other cells that are not serving the user device, and determining, by the user device, whether or not to reject the scheduling grant from the serving cell based on at least the first control information received from the serving cell and the part of the second control information received from the one or more other cells that are not serving the user device.. . ... Nokia

01/04/18 / #20180007596

Methods, apparatuses and computer programs for publishing updated context information pertaining to mobile terminal through publishing/subscribe mechanism

Certain embodiments generally relate to mobile communications networks, such as, but not limited to, the universal mobile telecommunications system (umts) terrestrial radio access network (utran), long term evolution (lte) evolved utran (e-utran), lte-a, and/or future mobile network technologies, such as, for example 5th generation (5g). A method may include detecting, at a mobile network entity, that context information pertaining to a mobile terminal has changed. ... Nokia

01/04/18 / #20180007594

Mobility management in joint operation of radio access technologies

Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for joint operation of two or more radio access technologies (rats) is provided. One method includes determining, by a network node of a first radio access technology, that a user equipment is about to connect with a second radio access technology. ... Nokia

01/04/18 / #20180007593

Method and system for neighbor tier determination

A process for determining neighbor tier relationships between cells in a wireless telecommunications network includes establishing a plurality of cell points, each cell point representing a cell of a plurality of cells in the wireless telecommunications network, forming a plurality of triangles, the vertices of each triangle of the plurality of triangles corresponding to respective cell points of the plurality of cell points, removing edges from a portion of the plurality of triangles, determining neighbor tier relationships between the plurality of cells using remaining triangle edges between the plurality of cell points, storing the neighbor tier relationships in a first memory, and using the neighbor tier relationships for handovers between the plurality of cells.. . ... Nokia

01/04/18 / #20180007571

Isolated e-utran operation

It is provided a method, comprising providing a first and a second service to a first a second user by a providing unit; monitoring if the providing unit operates in an isolated mode or in a linked mode; and at least one of a service controlling and a user controlling, wherein the service controlling comprises inhibiting, in the isolated mode, the providing unit from providing the second service to the first and the second user; and preventing that the providing unit is inhibited from providing the first service to at least one user; and the user controlling comprises inhibiting, in the isolated mode, the providing unit from providing the first and the second service to the second user; and preventing that the providing unit is inhibited from providing at least one service to the first user.. . ... Nokia

01/04/18 / #20180007569

Improving communication efficiency

There is provided a method comprising: preparing a data packet for transmission on a bearer, wherein at least one of the following is configured for transmission: a first network node and a second network node, checking whether at least one predetermined criterion is met, selecting, based at least partly on the said checking, whether to transmit the data packet via the first network node, via the second network node, or via both the first and the second network nodes, and transmitting the data packet according to the selecting.. . ... Nokia

01/04/18 / #20180007567

Paging enhancement for signaling optimization

Various communication systems may benefit from optimizations, such as signaling optimizations. For example, certain wireless communication systems may benefit from paging enhancement for signaling optimization. ... Nokia

01/04/18 / #20180007544

Methods and apparatuses for configuring a ble advertising beacon

A method, apparatus, and computer program product are provided in order to provide improvements in the configuring of bluetooth low energy (ble) advertising beacons. Embodiments of the present invention are directed to conveniently and reliably configuring or updating the configuration of a ble beacon, while limiting the amount of technical information and/or tools required. ... Nokia

01/04/18 / #20180007528

Method, apparatus and system

An example method may include providing parameter information for use by a user equipment in device to device discovery, the user equipment including one of the devices, the parameter information determined in dependence on user equipment context information and using the parameter information to determine a set of parameters for use by the user equipment in discovery of another device.. . ... Nokia

01/04/18 / #20180007520

Single frequency network using ethernet multicast

Various communication systems may benefit from an improved signaling protocol. For example, communication systems may benefit from an improved network support for a single frequency network transmission using an ethernet switch. ... Nokia

01/04/18 / #20180007491

Controlling audio signal parameters

A method and corresponding system for correcting for deviations in a performance that includes a plurality of audio sources, the method comprising detecting a parameter relating to an audio source, determining if the parameter deviates from a predetermined characteristic and in response to it being determined that the parameter deviates from the predetermined characteristic, causing display of a user interface configured to control the parameter, to allow a user to correct the deviation.. . ... Nokia

01/04/18 / #20180007490

Spatial audio processing

An apparatus comprising at least one processor and at least one memory, the memory comprising machine-readable instructions, that when executed cause the apparatus to: store in a non-volatile memory multiple sets of predetermined spatial audio processing parameters for differently moving sound sources; provide in a man machine interface an option for a user to select one of the stored multiple sets of predetermined spatial audio processing parameters for differently moving sound sources; and in response to the user selecting one of the stored multiple sets of predetermined spatial audio processing parameters for differently moving sound sources, the apparatus is further caused to use the selected one of the stored multiple sets of predetermined spatial audio processing parameters to spatially process audio from one or more sound sources.. . ... Nokia

01/04/18 / #20180007489

Audio volume handling

Apparatus is configured to associate each of one or more spatially-distributed audio sources in a virtual space, each audio source providing one or more audio signals representing audio for playback through a user device, with a respective fade-in profile which defines how audio volume for the audio source is gradually increased from a minimum level to a target volume level as a function of time. It is configured also to identify, based on user position, a current field-of-view within a virtual space and, in response to detecting that one or more new audio sources have a predetermined relationship with respect to the current field-of-view, fading-in the audio from the or each new audio source according to the fade-in profile for the respective audio source so as to increase their volume gradually towards the target volume level defined by the fade-in profile.. ... Nokia

01/04/18 / #20180007486

Methods and apparatuses relating to an estimated position of an audio capture device

This specification describes a method comprising determining whether an estimated position of an audio capture device which captures audio data is within boundaries of a predetermined area, and in response to a determination that the estimated position is not within the boundaries of the predetermined area, associating the captured audio data with an adjusted position.. . ... Nokia

01/04/18 / #20180007395

A method, an apparatus and a computer readable storage medium for video streaming

A method comprising: requesting, by a client, an independently coded first representation of a video content component from a server; receiving and playing a first set of data units of the independently coded first representation; requesting a second set of data units of a second representation, said second set of data units being dependently coded on one receive and play a first set of data units of or more requested or buffered data units of the first set; and requesting a third set of independently coded data units of a third representation.. . ... Nokia

01/04/18 / #20180007352

Method and apparatus for rotation and switching of video content

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided to define the location of a center point associated with each frame within a stream of image data. Metadata associated with the orientation, such as the pitch and yaw, of a camera is synchronized on a frame-by-frame basis with a related stream of image data. ... Nokia

01/04/18 / #20180007263

Method and apparatus for automated placement of a seam in a panoramic image derived from multiple cameras

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided to generate a panoramic view derived from multiple cameras and automatically place a seam in that panoramic view in a computationally efficient manner. In regards to a method, images captured by at least two cameras are received. ... Nokia

01/04/18 / #20180007262

Method and apparatus for providing a visual indication of a point of interest outside of a user's view

A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided in order to generate a visual indication to a user of a point of interest outside of the user's view. In the context of a method, identifying a point of interest outside of a user's view is identified during display of an image in a first orientation. ... Nokia

01/04/18 / #20180007245

Modular camera blocks for virtual reality capture

An apparatus comprises: a camera module for obtaining a first image, the camera module having at least one port, each of the at least one ports being associated with an attachment position for receiving a second camera module for obtaining a second image; a processor for detecting a position of a second camera module and providing, to an image processing controller, information relating to at least one of the position of the second camera module and the first image obtained by the camera module; and a memory for storing the information relating to at least one of the position of the second camera module and the first image obtained by the camera module.. . ... Nokia

01/04/18 / #20180006998

Multiple parallel webrtc accesses to ims

It is provided a method, comprising monitoring, for each of plural attempts of a web identity to register for an internet protocol multimedia service, if the respective attempt is received; generating, for each of the plural attempts if the respective attempt is received, a respective private user identification based on the web identity and a respective distinguishing identifier, wherein probability that two of the private user identifications have a same value is less than a predefined limit; providing the respective private user identification in response to the respective attempt.. . ... Nokia

01/04/18 / #20180006699

Efficient multi-rank csi feedback signaling

At a ue, a rank indication is determined for multi-rank csi feedback for a subband. The ue selects one of multiple combinations of first and second offset levels for the subband to indicate the determined rank indication. ... Nokia

01/04/18 / #20180005614

Intelligent crossfade with separated instrument tracks

A method is provided including separating a first file into a first plurality of instrument tracks and a second file into a second plurality of instrument tracks, wherein each instrument track of each of the first plurality and second plurality corresponds to a type of instrument; selecting a first instrument track from the first plurality of instrument tracks and a second instrument track from the second plurality of instrument tracks based at least on the type of instrument corresponding to the first instrument track and the second instrument track; fading out other instrument tracks from the first plurality of instrument tracks; performing a crossfade between the first instrument track and the second instrument track; and fading in other instrument tracks from the second plurality of instrument tracks.. . ... Nokia

01/04/18 / #20180005024

Monitoring

A method comprising: automatically processing recorded first sensor data from a scene to recognise automatically a first user input from user action in the scene; in response to recognition of the first user input, automatically entering a learning state to enable: automatic processing of the first sensor data from the scene to capture an ad-hoc sequence of spatial events in the scene subsequent to the first user input and automatic processing of subsequently recorded second sensor data from the scene different to the first sensor data of the scene, to recognise automatically a sequence of spatial events in the subsequently recorded second video corresponding to the captured sequence of spatial events.. . ... Nokia

01/04/18 / #20180004973

Display of private content

A method including receipt of information indicative of a first viewer being able to visually perceive at least part of a display and information indicative of a second viewer being able to visually perceive at least part of the display, determination of first viewer private content associated with the first viewer, receipt of information indicative of the second viewer being unable to visually perceive at least part of the display, causation of display of the first viewer private content based, at least in part, on the second viewer being unable to visually perceive at least part of the display, receipt of information indicative of the second viewer being able to visually perceive at least part of the display, and termination of display of the first viewer private content based, at least in part, on the second viewer being able to visually perceive at least part of the display is disclosed.. . ... Nokia

01/04/18 / #20180003877

Light conversion element

An apparatus including a light conversion element including an input interface for receiving input light; an output interface for providing output light having at least one different, lower frequency than the input light; and a plurality of light guides extending between the input interface and the output interface that suspend down-conversion material at remote locations from the input interface, wherein the down-conversion material is configured to down-convert the received input light to produce the provided output light of lower frequency or frequencies.. . ... Nokia

01/04/18 / #20180003829

Collimated radiation source and scintillating fibre plate for medical imaging

An apparatus including a scintillator arrangement including a plurality of optically isolated scintillators that extend lengthwise along a plurality of respective parallel axes and define respective scintillation channels, wherein each of the optically isolated scintillators extends lengthwise between an input interface and an output interface and is arranged to receive higher energy photons at the input interface, to convert high energy photons to lower energy photons, and to output lower energy photons from the output interface in a respective scintillation channel, wherein the optical isolation reduces transmission of lower energy photons between scintillation channels.. . ... Nokia

01/04/18 / #20180003167

Microfluidic pump apparatus and methods

An apparatus and method, the apparatus comprising: a microfluidic channel (3); an electromechanical gel (5) provided within the microfluidic channel (3); at least one pair of electrodes (7) wherein the at least one pair of electrodes (7) are configured to control the electric field across the microfluidic channel (3) to cause the electromechanical gel (5) to deform in response to a voltage applied to the electrodes (7) such that the deformation enables fluid to be pumped through the microfluidic channel (3).. . ... Nokia








ARCHIVE: New 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009



###

This listing is an abstract for educational and research purposes is only meant as a recent sample of applications filed, not a comprehensive history. Freshpatents.com is not affiliated or associated with Nokia in any way and there may be associated servicemarks. This data is also published to the public by the USPTO and available for free on their website. Note that there may be alternative spellings for Nokia with additional patents listed. Browse our Agent directory for other possible listings. Page by FreshPatents.com

###