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Shell Oil Company patents (2015 archive)


Recent patent applications related to Shell Oil Company. Shell Oil Company is listed as an Agent/Assignee. Note: Shell Oil Company may have other listings under different names/spellings. We're not affiliated with Shell Oil Company, we're just tracking patents.

ARCHIVE: New 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 | Company Directory "S" | Shell Oil Company-related inventors


12/24/15 / #20150368565

Process for performing a fischer tropsch reaction

. . The invention relates to a process for performing a fischer tropsch reaction in a reactor comprising at least two reactor tubes, a coolant chamber, and a gas distribution system below the coolant chamber, whereby at least two reactor tubes extend through the coolant chamber and one or more highly porous catalysts, said catalyst(s) having a size of at least 1 mm and comprising a porous body and a catalyst material, whereby the porous body has a porosity within the range of between 50 and 98 volume %.. . ... Shell Oil Company

12/24/15 / #20150368174

Nonyl alcohols with a low degree of branching and their derivatives

The invention relates to nonyl alcohols with a low degree of branching and derivatives produced using them. In particular the present invention relates to mixture of primary nonyl alcohols in which at least 80% of the alkyl chains are linear and at least 15% of the alkyl chains are branched at the 2-carbon position and its derivatives. ... Shell Oil Company

12/24/15 / #20150368102

Hydrogen quality differentiation at refueling station

The present invention provides a process for dispensing gaseous hydrogen at a refuelling station comprising before dispensing dividing an initial hydrogen stream into at least two streams, wherein at least one of the streams is purified in a hydrogen purification step. In a further aspect the invention provides a system for dispensing gaseous hydrogen.. ... Shell Oil Company

12/24/15 / #20150368088

System and method for dispensing fuel

A fuel dispensing system may include a fuel dispenser, a controller, an electronic payment server, a nozzle, and an interface. The fuel dispenser include a housing, and a fuel dispensing apparatus at least partially mounted in the housing. ... Shell Oil Company

12/10/15 / #20150353837

Process for preparing a paraffin product

. . The invention relates to a process for preparing a paraffin product from a carbonaceous feedstock comprising (a) partial oxidation of the carbonaceous feedstock to obtain a mixture comprising hydrogen and carbon monoxide, (b) performing a fischer-tropsch reaction using the mixture as obtained in step (a) and recovering an off-gas from the fischer-tropsch reaction and a paraffin product, (c)subjecting at least a part of the off-gas from the fischer-tropsch reaction to conversion using a catalyst comprising iron, or a catalyst comprising iron and chromium, followed by a hydrogenation step (d) using a steam/off-gas mol ratio in the range of between 0.5 and 1.5 and a catalyst comprising copper and zinc, followed by a conversion step (e) using a nickel based catalyst, and (f) preparing a hydrogen comprising gas from at least a part of the off-gas from the fischer-tropsch reaction.. . ... Shell Oil Company

12/10/15 / #20150353466

Production of acrylic acid

The invention relates to a process for producing acrylic acid, comprising: converting a c3-oxygenate into propanoic acid, wherein said c3-oxygenate is a compound selected from the group consisting of 1-propanol, monopropylene glycol, monohydroxyacetone, 2-hydroxypropanal, glycerol and dihydroxyacetone; and converting the propanoic acid into acrylic acid. Said c3-oxygenate preferably contains 2 oxygen atoms, and most preferably it is monopropylene glycol.. ... Shell Oil Company

12/10/15 / #20150353465

Production of acrylic acid

The invention relates to a process for producing acrylic acid, comprising: converting a c3-oxygenate into a c3-hydroxyacid, wherein said c3-oxygenate is selected from the group consisting of 1-propanol, 2-propanol, propanal, acetone, monopropylene glycol, monohydroxyacetone, 2-hydroxypropanal, dihydroxyacetone and 2,3-dihydroxypropanal; and converting the c3-hydroxyacid into acrylic acid.. . ... Shell Oil Company

12/10/15 / #20150353462

Production of methacrylic acid

The invention relates to a process for producing methacrylic acid, comprising: converting a c3-oxygenate into propanoic acid, wherein said c3-oxygenate is a compound selected from the group consisting of 1-propanol, monopropylene glycol, monohydroxyacetone, 2-hydroxypropanal, glycerol and dihydroxyacetone; and reacting the propanoic acid with formaldehyde or a precursor of formaldehyde into methacrylic acid. Said c3-oxygenate preferably contains 2 oxygen atoms, and most preferably it is monopropylene glycol.. ... Shell Oil Company

12/10/15 / #20150353441

Process for the preparation of an olefinic product from an oxygenate

The invention relates to a process for the preparation of an olefinic product comprising ethylene and/or propylene from an oxygenate comprising: a) an oxygenate conversion step wherein a gaseous effluent comprising olefins is obtained; b) separation of water from the effluent; c) compression of the effluent; d) acid gas removal from the effluent wherein the water-depleted compressed gaseous effluent is treated with a caustic solution in a caustic tower and a non-aqueous liquid stream comprising one or more aromatic c7+ hydrocarbons is added to the caustic solution to control the formation of red oil; and e) separating the olefinic product from the gaseous effluent treated in step d).. . ... Shell Oil Company

12/10/15 / #20150353440

Process for the preparation of an olefinic product from an oxygenate

The invention relates to process for the preparation of an olefinic product comprising ethylene and/or propylene from an oxygenate, the process comprising the following steps: a) an oxygenate conversion step wherein a gaseous effluent comprising olefins and a water-soluble oxygenate is obtained; b) separation of water from the effluent; c) compression of the effluent; d) acid gas removal from the compressed gaseous effluent obtained in step c), wherein the compressed gaseous effluent is treated with a caustic solution in a caustic tower; and e) separating the olefinic product from the gaseous effluent treated in step d), wherein, in a final stage in the caustic tower, water-depleted compressed gaseous effluent is treated with a water stream that is essentially free of water-soluble oxygenate and a spent water stream comprising caustic and water-soluble oxygenate is obtained, which spent water stream is withdrawn from the process.. . ... Shell Oil Company

12/10/15 / #20150353439

Process for the preparation of an olefinic product comprising ethylene and/or propylene

The invention provides a process for the preparation of an olefinic product comprising ethylene and/or propylene comprising: a) steam cracking a paraffinic feedstock to obtain an effluent comprising olefins; b) converting an oxygenate to obtain a gaseous effluent comprising olefins; c) subjecting both effluents to water removal and compression steps, wherein the effluents are combined before the water removal step, between the water removal and the compression steps or after the compression step to obtain a combined gaseous effluent; d) removing acid gas from the combined gaseous effluent obtained in step c), wherein the combined gaseous effluent is treated with a caustic solution in a caustic tower and a non-aqueous liquid stream comprising one or more aromatic c7+ hydrocarbons is added to the caustic solution to control the formation of red oil, to obtain a treated gaseous effluent; and e) separating the olefinic product from the treated gaseous effluent.. . ... Shell Oil Company

12/03/15 / #20150346752

Combination power source for instrumented sensor subsystems

An instrumented sensor subsystem power supply for use in hydrocarbon drilling operations. The system includes an external internal power supply, wired to an external conductive coil. ... Shell Oil Company

11/26/15 / #20150337620

Methods of making and using cement coated substrate

. . A method of treating a subterranean formation via well bore may include introducing a plurality of particles into the subterranean formation via the well bore, each particle having a substrate and a layer of cement on the substrate. The cement may be in a state of suspended hydration and the method may include introducing moisture to the subterranean formation via the well bore. ... Shell Oil Company

11/26/15 / #20150337226

Fuel compositions

Low sulphur marine fuel compositions are provided. Embodiments comprise greater than 50 to 90 wt % of a residual hydrocarbon component, with the remaining 10 and up to 50 wt % selected from a non-hydroprocessed hydrocarbon component, a hydroprocessed hydrocarbon component, and a combination thereof. ... Shell Oil Company

11/26/15 / #20150337225

Fuel compositions

Low sulphur marine fuel compositions are provided. Embodiments comprise greater than 50 to 90 wt % of a residual hydrocarbon component, with the remaining 10 to 50 wt % selected from a non-hydroprocessed hydrocarbon component, a hydroprocessed hydrocarbon component, and a combination thereof. ... Shell Oil Company

11/26/15 / #20150337221

Composition useful in the hydroprocessing of a hydrocarbon feedstock

A composition having a substantial or material absence of or no phosphorous and comprising a support material, a metal compound and either a hydrocarbon oil or a polar additive or a combination of both a hydrocarbon oil and polar additive. The polar additive has particularly defined properties including having a dipole moment of at least 0.45. ... Shell Oil Company

11/26/15 / #20150337217

A process for converting one or more c3-c12 oxygenates

A process for converting one or more c3-c12 oxygenates comprising oxygenates comprising: contacting a feed, which feed comprises one or more c3-c12 oxygenates, with hydrogen at a hydrogen partial pressure of more than 1.0 mega pascal in the presence of a sulphided carbon-carbon coupling catalyst; wherein the carbon-carbon coupling catalyst comprises equal to or more than 60 wt % of a zeolite and in the range from equal to or more than 0.1 wt % to equal to or less than 10 wt % of a hydrogenation metal, based on the total weight of the carbon-carbon coupling catalyst; and wherein the zeolite comprises 10-membered and/or 12-membered ring channels and a silica to alumina molar ratio (sar) in the range from equal to or more than 10 to equal to or less than 300.. . ... Shell Oil Company

11/26/15 / #20150337215

Processs for converting a biomass material

A process for converting a biomass material comprising a) converting a biomass material in one or more steps into one or more c3-c12 oxygenates; b) contacting the one or more c3-c12 oxygenates with hydrogen at a hydrogen partial pressure of more than 1.0 megapascal in the presence of a sulphided carbon-carbon coupling catalyst; wherein the carbon-carbon coupling catalyst comprises equal to or more than 60 wt % of a zeolite and in the range from equal to or more than 0.1% wt to equal to or less than 10 wt % of a hydrogenation metal, based on the total weight of the carbon-carbon coupling catalyst.. . ... Shell Oil Company

11/26/15 / #20150337212

Integrated gas-to-liquids condensate process

Provided is a process to prepare middle distillates products. The process includes providing and separating a feed stream into a natural gas feed stream and a condensate feed stream; preparing a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen from the natural gas stream; preparing a paraffin product stream by performing a fischer-tropsch reaction using carbon monoxide and hydrogen; separating the paraffin product stream to obtain heavy fischer-tropsch and light fischer-tropsch product streams; separating the light fischer-tropsch product to obtain first, second, and third paraffinic product fractions; subjecting the heavy fischer-tropsch product stream to a hydrocracking/hydroisomerization step to obtain an isomerised fischer-tropsch product stream; hydrotreating the condensate feed stream and the first product fraction to obtain a hydrotreated product stream; combining the isomerised fischer-tropsch product stream with the hydrotreated product stream to provide a distillate feed stream; and performing a distillation step on the distillate feed stream to isolate middle distillate products.. ... Shell Oil Company

11/26/15 / #20150337207

Process for making a distillate product and/or c2-c4 olefins

A process for making a distillate product and one or more c2-c4 olefins from a fcc feedstock containing a cellulosic material and a hydrocarbon co-feed is provided.. . ... Shell Oil Company

11/26/15 / #20150337170

Superhydrophobic compositions and coating process for the internal surface of tubular structures

A method for depositing a coating includes creating a vacuum within an interior volume of a tubular structure, wherein the tubular structure also includes an internal surface. Gas is supplied to the interior volume of the tubular structure, wherein the gas includes a plasma precursor in the gas phase. ... Shell Oil Company

11/26/15 / #20150336857

Process for preparing ethylene and/or propylene

The present invention provides a process for preparing ethylene and/or propylene, wherein an oxygenate feedstock is contacted with a molecular sieve-comprising catalyst at a temperature in the range of from 350 to 500° c. To obtain a reactor effluent comprising ethylene and/or propylene and the oxygenate feedstock is contacted with the catalyst in a riser reactor having a reactor wall defining a flow trajectory towards a downstream outlet for reactor effluent, wherein at least oxygenate feedstock and catalyst are provided at one or more upstream inlets of the riser reactor and wherein a water quench medium is admitted to the riser reactor at one or more of locations along the length of the flow trajectory through a plurality of inlets distributed along the periphery of the reactor wall. ... Shell Oil Company

11/26/15 / #20150336088

Catalyst and method for preparation thereof

A process for converting one or more c3-c12 oxygenates comprising: contacting a feed, which feed comprises one or more c3-c12 oxygenates, with hydrogen at a hydrogen partial pressure of more than 1.0 megapascal in the presence of a sulphided carbon-carbon coupling catalyst; wherein the carbon-carbon coupling catalyst comprises equal to or more than 60 wt % of a zeolite and in the range from equal to or more than 0.1% wt to equal to or less than 10 wt % of a hydrogenation metal, based on the total weight of the carbon-carbon coupling catalyst; and wherein the zeolite comprises 10-membered and/or 12-membered ring channels and a silica to alumina molar ratio (sar) in the range from equal to or more than 10 to equal to or less than 300.. . ... Shell Oil Company

11/26/15 / #20150336043

Method for processing fischer-tropsch off-gas

This invention concerns a method for recovering carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide from fischer-tropsch off-gas by feeding fischer-tropsch off-gas through a column comprising an adsorbent bed, and discharging effluent, optionally rinsing the column and the adsorbent bed by feeding ng and discharging effluent until at least 60% of the carbon monoxide that was present in the bed is discharged, pressurizing the column and adsorbent bed with ng, rinsing the column and the adsorbent bed by feeding ng until at least 50% of the carbon dioxide present at the commencement of this rinsing step is discharged, rinsing the column and adsorbent bed by feeding a mixture of hydrogen and nitrogen, pressurizing the column and adsorbent bed by feeding a mixture of hydrogen and nitrogen. With this method a feed comprising at least 50 vol % carbon monoxide can be produced. ... Shell Oil Company

11/19/15 / #20150329787

Co-production of biofuels and glycols

Methods and systems for co-producing higher hydrocarbons and glycols from bio-based feedstocks containing carbohydrates are disclosed.. . ... Shell Oil Company

11/19/15 / #20150328577

Method for processing fischer-tropsch off-gas

This invention concerns a method for recovering carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide from fischer-tropsch off-gas by feeding fischer-tropsch off-gas through a column comprising an adsorbent bed, and discharging effluent, optionally rinsing the column and the adsorbent bed by feeding carbon dioxide and discharging effluent until at least 60% of the carbon monoxide that was present in the bed is discharged, pressurizing the column and adsorbent bed with carbon dioxide, rinsing the column and the adsorbent bed by feeding carbon dioxide, until at least 60% of the methane and optionally an amount equal to at least 50% of the carbon dioxide present at the commencement of this rinsing step is discharged, rinsing the column and adsorbent bed by feeding a mixture of hydrogen and nitrogen, pressurizing the column and adsorbent bed by feeding a mixture of hydrogen and nitrogen. With this method a feed comprising at least 50 vol % carbon monoxide can be produced. ... Shell Oil Company

11/12/15 / #20150322364

Process for preparing a hydrowax

The invention provides a process for preparing a hydrowax comprising the steps of: (a) providing a hydrocarbonaceous feedstock which contains more than 4% by weight of hydrocarbons boiling in the range of from 550 to 800° c.; (b) hydrotreating the hydrocarbonaceous feedstock with a hydrotreating catalyst in the presence of a hydrogen-containing gas under hydrotreating conditions to obtain a hydrotreated product; (c) hydrocracking at least part of the hydrotreated product as obtained in step (b) with a hydrocracking catalyst in the presence of a hydrogen-containing gas under hydrocracking conditions to obtain a hydrocracked product, which hydrocracking catalyst contains a zeolitic component which is present in an amount of at least 14 wt %, based on the total weight of the hydrocracking catalyst, and wherein the volume ratio of the hydrotreating catalyst as used in step (b) and the hydrocracking catalyst is more than 1; and (d) recovering from the hydrocracked product as obtained in step (c) the hydrowax.. . ... Shell Oil Company

11/12/15 / #20150322351

Integrated gas-to-liquid condensate process

A process to prepare middle distillates products is provided. The process includes providing and separating a feed stream into a natural gas feed stream and a condensate feed stream; preparing a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen from the natural gas feed stream; preparing a paraffin product stream by performing a fischer-tropsch reaction using the carbon monoxide and hydrogen; separating the paraffin product stream to obtain heavy fischer-tropsch and light fischer-tropsch product streams; hydrogenating and separating the light fischer-tropsch product stream to obtain first, second and third hydrogenated paraffinic product fractions; subjecting the heavy fischer-tropsch product stream, the third hydrogenated paraffin product fraction and the condensate stream to hydrocracking/hydroisomerization to obtain an isomerised fischer-tropsch product stream; combining the isomerised fischer-tropsch product stream with the first hydrogenated paraffin product fraction to provide a distillate feed stream and distilling the distillate feed stream to provide isolated middle distillate products.. ... Shell Oil Company

11/12/15 / #20150321182

A dehydroaromatization catalyst, method of making and use thereof

A catalyst for the dehydroaromatization of lower alkanes comprising boron in an amount of less than 1 wt % is supported on an inorganic support. The catalyst is useful in the production of aromatics from lower alkanes.. ... Shell Oil Company

11/05/15 / #20150316211

Hydrogen dispensing system and method thereof

The invention provides a hydrogen dispensing system comprising: a feed vessel for storing liquid hydrogen having an inlet and an outlet; a flash drum having an inlet and an outlet; a dispenser for dispensing gaseous hydrogen at a pressure of greater than 300 bar, having an inlet and an outlet wherein the feed vessel outlet is in fluid communication with the flash drum inlet, the flash drum outlet is in fluid communication with the dispenser inlet and there is no compression apparatus between the feed vessel outlet and the dispenser outlet. The invention also provides a method of providing gaseous hydrogen to a vehicle.. ... Shell Oil Company

11/05/15 / #20150315509

Grease copositions

A grease composition comprising base oil and as thickener calcium complex soap and lithium soap is disclosed. A higher fatty acid, an aromatic monocarboxylic acid and a lower fatty acid are used as carboxylic acids constituting the calcium complex soap and lithium soap. ... Shell Oil Company

11/05/15 / #20150315507

Fischer-tropsch derived fuel compositions

A fuel composition comprising a fischer-tropsch derived middle distillate fuel and a middle distillate flow improver, the remainder being another fuel component or mixture of fuel components. The other fuel component is selected from petroleum derived middle distillate fuel, hydrogenated vegetable oil, fatty acid methyl esters, and other fischer tropsch products. ... Shell Oil Company

11/05/15 / #20150314282

Catalyst and its use for the selective hydrodesulfurization of an olefin containing hydrocarbon feedstock

A catalyst and its use for selectively desulfurizing sulfur compounds present in an olefin-containing hydrocarbon feedstock to very low levels with minimal hydrogenation of olefins. The catalyst comprises an inorganic oxide substrate containing a nickel compound, a molybdenum compound and optionally a phosphorus compound, that is overlaid with a molybdenum compound and a cobalt compound. ... Shell Oil Company

10/29/15 / #20150308259

Method for monitoring physical parameters of well equipment

A method of monitoring deformation and other characteristics of a casing or other tubular or cylindrical well equipment in a well traversing an underground formation. The method includes providing a carrier rod having at least one recess extending along at least part of the length of the rod, in which recess an optical fiber assembly for monitoring strain, temperature and/or other physical parameters is arranged, which assembly is along at least part of the assembly's length bonded within the recess; lowering the carrier rod and well equipment simultaneously into the well such that the rod is arranged in an annular space between the well equipment and the wellbore; securing the rod at a plurality of locations distributed along the rod's length to the well equipment; and connecting the optical fiber assembly to an optical signal transmission and reception assembly for monitoring physical parameters of the well equipment.. ... Shell Oil Company

10/29/15 / #20150308254

Method for calibration of indirectly measured quantities

A method for calibrating a system in an oilfield. The method involves operating a component which includes both a direct sensor and an indirect sensor. ... Shell Oil Company

10/29/15 / #20150308230

Subsea production cooler with gas lift

A subsea production cooler module comprising: coiled tubing, wherein the coiled tubing comprises an inlet and an outlet; and gas lift injector positioned above the coiled tubing.. . ... Shell Oil Company

10/29/15 / #20150307712

Asphalt composition

An asphalt composition comprising aggregate, bitumen, sulphur and resin-based binder, wherein the resin-based binder comprises a thermoplastic hydrocarbon resin and a diluent. Methods of preparing asphalt compositions and asphalt pavements are also disclosed.. ... Shell Oil Company

10/29/15 / #20150307428

Process for preparing alkoxylated alcohols

The invention relates to a process for preparing alkoxylated alcohols, wherein an alkoxylated alcohol which contains more than 200 parts per million by weight of a group ia or group iia metal ion is contacted with a sulfonic acid. The resulting alkoxylated alcohol may then be sulfated by contacting it with a sulfating agent.. ... Shell Oil Company

10/29/15 / #20150307411

Process for preparing ethylene and/or propylene

The present invention provides a process for preparing ethylene and/or propylene, comprising the steps of providing an oxygenate feed comprising oxygenate and c4 olefins to a first reaction zone; contacting the oxygenate feed with a first zeolite-comprising catalyst and retrieving from the first reaction zone a first effluent stream comprising at least c2 to c5 olefins; separating the first effluent stream into at least: a first product stream comprising c2 and/or c3 olefins; a second fraction comprising c4 olefins; a third fraction comprising c5 olefins; and recycling at least part of the second fraction to the first reaction zone as part of the oxygenate feed; providing an olefinic feed comprising c5 olefins to a second reaction zone, wherein the olefinic feed comprises at least part of the third fraction; and contacting in the second reaction zone the olefinic feed with a second zeolite-comprising catalyst at a temperature in the range of from 500 to 700° c. And retrieving from the second reaction zone a second effluent stream comprising at least c2 to c3 olefins.. ... Shell Oil Company

10/29/15 / #20150306592

Particle extrusion

A die is provided for extruding elongate particles suitable for use in catalysis. The die comprises a plurality of channels extending from an inlet to an outlet. ... Shell Oil Company

10/22/15 / #20150303855

Variable speed drive system, method for operating a variable speed drive system and method for refrigerating a hydrocarbon stream

. . A variable speed drive system employing an electric motor and a frequency converter arranged between an ac power source and the electric motor is operated. The frequency converter functions to convert ac power obtained from the ac power source at a source frequency to converted power at a variable drive frequency. ... Shell Oil Company

10/22/15 / #20150301219

Methods for estimating resource density by integrating seismic methods with fluid density and pressure in shale resource plays

A method of evaluating a shale source rock formation comprising: determining in situ partial pressures of a light hydrocarbon utilizing a downhole raman tool and producing a map of spatial and vertical variations of the in situ partial pressures of the light hydrocarbon in the shale source rock formation.. . ... Shell Oil Company

10/22/15 / #20150300731

Method of treating a hydrocarbon stream comprising methane, and an apparatus therefor

A wet hydrocarbon stream comprising at least methane and water is dried thereby forming an effluent stream and a wet disposal stream. Before drying the wet hydrocarbon stream is cooled by indirectly heat exchanging against the effluent stream followed by indirectly heat exchanging against an auxiliary refrigerant stream. ... Shell Oil Company

10/22/15 / #20150300134

System and method for lining a borehole

The invention provides a system and method for lining a borehole. The system comprises: an expandable tubular element extending into the borehole, wherein an end portion of a wall of the expandable tubular element is bent radially outward and in axially reverse direction to define an expanded tubular section extending around an unexpanded tubular section; a pipe extending through the expanded tubular section; a connecting device for connecting the pipe to the unexpanded tubular section, the connecting device allowing the pipe to rotate relative to the unexpanded tubular section around a longitudinal axis of the pipe; a rotating device for rotating the pipe relative to the unexpanded tubular section around said longitudinal axis; and an actuator for moving the pipe in axial direction into the expanded tubular section to extend the expanded tubular section and thereby to form a liner of the borehole.. ... Shell Oil Company

10/22/15 / #20150300119

Side entry flow spool and use thereof

The invention provides a side entry flow spool for use in production of oil and gas from a well. The side entry flow spool provides for a shift in the direction of flow of the hydrocarbons, from horizontal to vertical.. ... Shell Oil Company

10/22/15 / #20150299739

Processes for producing fermentation products

A method to produce a fermentation product comprising: providing a biomass material; pretreating the biomass material by contacting the biomass material with a solution containing at least one alpha-hydroxysulfonic acid to produce a pretreated biomass mixture containing at least one fermentable sugar; adding one or more saccharification enzymes to the pretreated biomass mixture, wherein the pretreated biomass mixture has a suitable condition for the one or more saccharification enzymes; performing enzymatic hydrolysis of cellulose by the one or more saccharification enzymes for greater than 24 hours to generate a hydrolysate; and adding at least one fermentation microorganism to the hydrolysate under a suitable condition for simultaneous saccharification and fermentation.. . ... Shell Oil Company

10/22/15 / #20150299586

Hydrotreating and dewaxing process

The invention provides a process for hydrotreating and dewaxing a hydrocarbon feedstock, comprising the steps of: (a) hydrotreating the feedstock under hydrotreating conditions in a first reaction zone to obtain a first stage hydrotreated effluent; and (b) introducing at least part of the first stage hydrotreated effluent into a second reaction zone in which the first stage hydrotreated effluent is subjected to a series of alternating dewaxing steps and hydrotreating steps, which dewaxing steps are carried out under catalytically dewaxing conditions and the hydrotreating steps are carried out under hydrotreating conditions, wherein the first step in the series of alternating dewaxing and hydrotreating steps is a dewaxing step and the last step of the series of alternating dewaxing and hydrotreating steps is a hydrotreating step, and the dewaxing steps are carried out with a dewaxing catalyst which comprises a group viii metal hydrogenation component, dealuminated aluminosilicate zeolite crystallites and a low acidity refractory oxide binder material which is essentially free of alumina.. . ... Shell Oil Company

10/22/15 / #20150298103

Regeneration of aldehyde decarbonylation catalysts

The invention relates to a process for regenerating a catalyst used in the decarbonylation of an aldehyde, wherein the catalyst is a heterogeneous, supported catalyst containing a metal selected from the group consisting of fe, ru, os, co, rh, ir, ni, pd, pt and mixtures thereof, and wherein the catalyst is subjected to a gas stream comprising hydrogen at a temperature of from 200 to 600° c., wherein substantially no oxygen is used in the regeneration process.. . ... Shell Oil Company

10/01/15 / #20150275635

Method and system for enhancing oil recovery (eor) by injecting treated water into an oil bearing formation

A process and a system for enhancing recovery of oil from an oil-bearing formation are provided in which water having a total dissolved solids content is filtered to remove some solids in a filter assembly, the filtered water is treated to remove some ions in a capacitive deionization assembly, and the filtered deionized water is injected into the oil-bearing formation to mobilize crude oil and enhance oil recovery from the formation.. . ... Shell Oil Company

10/01/15 / #20150275130

Lubricating composition

A lubricating composition for use in the crankcase of an engine comprising a base oil and one or more additives, wherein the base oil comprises a fischer-tropsch derived base oil and wherein the lubricating composition comprises one or more comb polymers. The lubricating composition of the present invention has been found to improve sustained fuel economy properties whilst obtaining improved piston cleanliness properties and improved dispersancy properties.. ... Shell Oil Company

10/01/15 / #20150274610

Methane aromatization catalyst, method of making and method of using the catalyst

A catalyst for converting methane to aromatic hydrocarbons is described herein. The catalyst comprises an active metal or a compound thereof, and an inorganic oxide support wherein the active metal is added to the support in the form of metal oxalate. ... Shell Oil Company

10/01/15 / #20150273447

Process for the preparation of a hydrocracking catalyst

This invention relates to a process for the preparation of a hydrocracking catalyst and its use. A zeolite y having specifically defined properties is mixed with an alumina binder component and a first metals-containing solution that is extruded to form an extruded mixture. ... Shell Oil Company

09/24/15 / #20150267474

Method and system for transporting a hydrocarbon fluid

A method for transporting a hydrocarbon fluid, such as crude oil and/or natural gas, comprises: drilling a chain of double ended u-shaped boreholes (1a, 1b) into the earth crust (12), such that at least one pair of the boreholes has an adjacent pair of upper ends at or near the earth surface; lining each of the boreholes with an at least partly expanded impermeable liner (14) comprising an expandable tubular, which is circumferentially expanded after insertion into the borehole; interconnecting each pair of adjacent upper ends of the chain of lined u-shaped boreholes by a connection conduit; and transporting the hydrocarbon fluid through a transportation pipeline with one or more w-shaped sections provided by the chain of lined u-shaped boreholes and the connection conduit. The method allows transportation of hydrocarbon fluids through elongate predominantly underground pipelines safely and with a minimum of environmental impact in arctic and other environmentally sensitive areas.. ... Shell Oil Company

09/17/15 / #20150260567

Cable comprising twisted sinusoid for use in distributed sensing

A distributed fiber optic cable comprises an elongate body and a first optical fiber longitudinally housed in the body, wherein the fiber describes a sinusoid having an amplitude and a first wavelength along the length of the body and wherein the sinusoid rotates along the length of the body so as to describe a twisted sinusoid having a twist wavelength. A method for sensing an acoustic wave comprises a) providing a set of signals collected from the cable, b) processing the signals so as to divide the fiber in each twist wavelength of cable into a predetermined number of channels, c) measuring the amplitudes in each channel and calculating the maximum and minimum amplitude in a preselected length of cable, d) using the calculated maximum and minimum for the preselected length of cable to determine the amplitude and direction of the wave at the preselected length of cable.. ... Shell Oil Company

09/17/15 / #20150260010

Christmas tree and method

The invention provides a christmas tree for a wellbore, comprising a plurality of modules, each module including: at least one module opening, the modules being connected to each other to form a housing, the respective module openings being connected to form a continuous passage though the housing, said continuous passage being adapted to be connected to the wellbore; a retrievable valve insert arranged in the module opening; and control means coupled to the module to control the valve insert between a closed position and an open position.. . ... Shell Oil Company

09/17/15 / #20150259611

Method for restoring activity to a spent hydroprocessing catalyst, a spent hydroprocessing catalyst having restored catalytic activity, and a hydroprocessing process

A regenerated spent hydroprocessing catalyst treated with a chelating agent and having incorporated therein a polar additive.. . ... Shell Oil Company

09/17/15 / #20150258517

Multiple-bed downflow reactor comprising a mixing device, use of said reactor, as well as mixing method

The present invention relates to a multiple-bed downflow reactor comprising vertically spaced beds of solid contact material and a mixing device positioned in an inter bed space between adjacent beds. The mixing device comprises a loop of first nozzles distributed around a vertical axis and arranged for ejecting a fluid in a first ejection direction into said inter bed space, on the one hand, and a loop of second nozzles distributed around the vertical axis and arranged for ejecting a fluid in a second ejection direction into said inter bed space, on the other hand. ... Shell Oil Company

09/10/15 / #20150252669

Method and apparatus for reservoir testing and monitoring

An apparatus may include a tubular, a first isolator connected to the tubular and configured to engage an interior surface of the wellbore, a first pressure gauge connected to the tubular and configured to take multiple pressure readings over a period of time, and a first perforation gun connected to the tubular without compromising the communication of fluid through an inner flow channel of the tubular. A method may include placing the apparatus in a wellbore, and actuating the isolator to provide isolation of a first zone in a formation. ... Shell Oil Company

09/10/15 / #20150252664

Optimizing performance of a drilling assembly

A system and method for optimized control of an assembly for drilling a borehole comprises a self-tuning, multivariable controller and an optimization engine that manipulates the setpoints of the controller such that drilling performance may be continuously optimized. The method includes evaluation of a characteristic system time constant, using this constant to compute bit rop, using computed rop to compute process gains, which are used to tune the multivariable controller, automatically refining controller setpoints based on controller performance, and using an optimization engine to systematically adjust controller setpoints such that drilling parameters are optimized based on any of several performance indicators, or a weighted combination of performance indicators. ... Shell Oil Company

09/10/15 / #20150251979

Process for the production of ethylene oxide

The invention relates to a process for the production of ethylene oxide, comprising the steps of: producing ethylene by converting a stream comprising an oxygenate into a stream comprising ethylene and ethane; producing ethylene oxide by subjecting ethylene and ethane from the stream comprising ethylene and ethane to oxidation conditions resulting in a stream comprising ethylene oxide, unconverted ethylene and ethane; and recovering ethylene oxide from the stream comprising ethylene oxide, unconverted ethylene and ethane.. . ... Shell Oil Company

09/03/15 / #20150247388

Expansion assembly, top anchor and method for expanding a tubular in a wellbore

An expansion assembly for expanding a tubular in a wellbore, the expansion assembly including a top anchor comprising: a workstring; a pusher ring being coupled to the workstring by a first releasable coupling; a ramp body having one or more ramp surfaces, said ramp body being releasably coupled to the workstring by a second releasable coupling; one or more anchor segments each having one or more wedge surfaces corresponding to and engaging the ramp surfaces of the ramp body, one end of the segments engaging the pusher ring; a release ring enclosing the workstring and arranged at an opposite end of the segments; one or more key merlons connecting the release ring to the pusher ring; and activating means for releasing the first releasable coupling.. . ... Shell Oil Company

08/27/15 / #20150240623

Method of orienting a second borehole relative to a first borehole

A method for creating a second borehole in an earth formation at a selected orientation relative to a first borehole, wherein a position parameter represents a position of the first borehole. The method comprises: a) providing a borehole element that generates a magnetic field; b) measuring the magnetic field; c) installing the borehole element in the first borehole; d) measuring the magnetic field in the second borehole; e) providing a finite element model of the magnetic field; f) calculating the magnetic field in the second borehole using the finite element model, and determining a difference between the calculated magnetic field in the second borehole and the measured magnetic field in the second borehole; g) adjusting the position parameter so as to minimise said difference; and h) determining a selected direction dependent on the adjusted position parameter and further drilling the second borehole in the selected direction.. ... Shell Oil Company

08/27/15 / #20150240594

Valve for a hydrocarbon well, hydrocarbon well provided with such valve and use of such valve

A safety valve for a hydrocarbon wellbore includes a valve housing; a tubular valve member having an axially extending tube wall; and an operating mechanism for operating the valve member. The housing has a passage extending from a lower opening to an upper opening. ... Shell Oil Company

08/27/15 / #20150240174

Fuel compositions

Low sulphur marine fuel compositions are provided. Embodiments comprise 10 to 50 wt % of a residual hydrocarbon component, with the remaining 50 to 90 wt % selected from a non-hydroprocessed hydrocarbon component, a hydroprocessed hydrocarbon component, and a combination thereof. ... Shell Oil Company

08/20/15 / #20150233290

Process for producing hydrogen and generating power

A process for producing hydrogen and power comprises subjecting a gaseous hydrocarbon feedstock to an endothermic steam reforming reaction by contacting the feedstock, in a reaction zone, in the presence of steam, with catalyst to obtain a mixture comprising hydrogen and carbon monoxide; recovering hydrogen from the mixture; feeding fuel and oxidant to a turbine system comprising a compressor, combustion chamber and expansion turbine, wherein the compressor is coupled to the turbine, the oxidant is compressed in the compressor to obtain compressed oxidant, and the fuel is combusted with the compressed oxidant in the chamber to obtain a stream of combusted gas; feeding at least part of the stream to the turbine to generate power and to obtain a turbine flue gas; and providing heat for the reforming reaction from the combusted gas and/or the flue gas; and liquefaction of the recovered hydrogen by subjecting it to a liquefaction cycle.. . ... Shell Oil Company

08/20/15 / #20150233226

Method for providing multiple fractures in a formation

The invention includes providing a propped hydraulic fractures in a subterranean formation including the steps of: injecting a fracturing fluid into the subterranean formation at a pressure sufficient to initiate and propagate at least one hydraulic fracture wherein the fracturing fluid comprises a proppant; when the at least one hydraulic fracture has reached a target size, adding to the fracturing fluid a predetermined amount of a diverter material wherein the diverter material comprises material having a specified size distribution, and comprising a material that degrades at conditions of the subterranean formation, the diverter material effective to essentially block flow of fracturing fluid into the at least one fracture; and continuing to inject fracturing fluid at a pressure effective to initiate at least one additional fracture within the subterranean formation.. . ... Shell Oil Company

08/20/15 / #20150231574

Method of preparing or reconditioning a leak stable gas separation membrane system

A method of making a gas separation membrane by providing a plating vessel with a volume of plating solution of gas-selective metal ions into which is placed a porous support. The plating solution is circulated over a surface of the porous support while maintaining conditions within the plating vessel so as to promote the electroless deposition. ... Shell Oil Company

08/06/15 / #20150218434

Method and composition for inhibiting wax in a hydrocarbon mixture

. . A method of inhibiting the formation or deposition of wax in a mixture comprising hydrocarbons, the method comprising contacting the mixture with a composition which comprises at least one ionic liquid. The ionic liquid is preferably a polyamine salt derivative or a polypropylene glycol derivative.. ... Shell Oil Company

08/06/15 / #20150217323

Pipeline pig and method for using the pig

A pipeline pig for wetting the top inner surface of a pipeline comprising a pig body, one or more circular brushes attached to the pig body, and means for rotating the one or more circular brushes as the pig moves through the pipeline.. . ... Shell Oil Company

07/30/15 / #20150209772

Process for preparing hydrocracking catalyst

Process for preparing a sulphided hydrocracking catalyst comprising the steps of (a) treating an amorphous silica alumina carrier with one or more group vib metal components, one or more group viii metal components and a c3-c12 polyhydric compound, (b) drying the treated catalyst carrier at a temperature of at most 200° c. To form an impregnated carrier, and (c) sulphiding the impregnated carrier to obtain a sulphided catalyst.. ... Shell Oil Company

07/23/15 / #20150204170

Single well inject-produce pilot for eor

Injecting an enhanced oil recovery (eor) agent into a subterranean formation in at least one injection interval of a hydrocarbon well extending into the subterranean formation, then producing fluid from the formation from at least one production interval of the same hydrocarbon well, and not from a neighboring well. Logging data associated with at least one of the formation, the injected eor agent and the produced fluid may then be obtained and utilized in assessing effectiveness of the eor agent injection.. ... Shell Oil Company

07/23/15 / #20150203779

Lubricating oil composition for internal combustion engines

A lubricating oil composition for internal combustion engines containing a base oil mixture with specific properties and a monoglyceride with a specific structure. The lubricating oil composition of the present 5 invention, as well as providing outstanding wear resistance and fuel economy, causes condensed water etc. ... Shell Oil Company

07/23/15 / #20150203769

Process to prepare middle distillates and base oils

A process to prepare a first middle distillates fraction, a second middle distillates fraction and one or more base oils, the process comprising the steps of providing a fischer-tropsch product stream; separating the fischer-tropsch product stream to obtain at least a low boiling fraction, boiling below a temperature in the range of from 300 to 450° c., and a high boiling fraction, boiling above a temperature in the range of from 300 to 450° c.; subjecting the high boiling fraction to a hydrocracking/hydroisomerization step to obtain an at least partially isomerised product stream; separating the partially isomerised product stream to obtain a first middle distillates fraction and a residual fraction, wherein the residual fraction has a t10 wt. % boiling point of between 200 and 450° c.; dewaxing the low boiling fraction to obtain a second middle distillates fraction; and dewaxing the residual fraction to obtain one or more base oils.. ... Shell Oil Company

07/23/15 / #20150203766

Hydrocarbon recovery froim fischer-tropsch off-gas

The invention pertains to a method for processing a fischer-tropsch off-gas wherein fischer-tropsch off-gas is contacted with a wash fluid in a scrubber, and wherein the wash fluid is recycled in a closed loop with a dedicated scrubber, stripper and splitter. The wash fluid preferably is kerosene or ldf. ... Shell Oil Company

07/16/15 / #20150198018

Composition for and process of recovering oil from an oil-bearing formation

A composition for forming a foam, a foam composition, and a process for using the foam composition to recover oil from an oil-bearing formation are provided. The composition includes water, a surfactant mixed with the water, and fly-ash particles suspended in the mixture of water and surfactant, where the fly-ash particles have a particle size distribution with an average particle size of less than 200 nm, and where the suspension has an absolute zeta potential of from 10 mv to 40 mv. ... Shell Oil Company

07/16/15 / #20150198004

Electromagnetic actuator for a blowout preventer

A blowout preventer comprising: a body comprising a bore therethrough; a cavity disposed through the body and intersecting the bore; first and second closure members moveably disposed within the cavity on opposite sides of the bore; a first rod having a length and comprising a first end coupled to the first closure member; a second rod having a length and comprising a first end coupled to the second closure member; a first glider assembly wherein a second end of the first rod is at least partially disposed within the first glider assembly; and a second glider assembly wherein a second end of the second rod is at least partially disposed within the second glider assembly.. . ... Shell Oil Company

07/16/15 / #20150197685

Process and composition for producing oil

A process and composition for producing oil from a formation utilizing an oil recovery formulation comprising a surfactant, an ammonia liquid, an alkali metal bicarbonate, a polymer, and water, the composition having a ph of less than 10, are provided.. . ... Shell Oil Company

07/09/15 / #20150191672

Lubricating oil composition for internal combustion engines

A lubricating oil composition for internal combustion engines containing a specific base oil, monoglyceride with a specific structure and ethylene oxide adduct with a specific structure in specific quantities and/or ratios. The lubricating oil composition of the present invention, as well as providing outstanding wear resistance and fuel economy, causes condensed water etc. ... Shell Oil Company

07/09/15 / #20150191671

Lubricating composition

A lubricating oil composition that includes a base oil comprising a fischer-tropsch derived base oil and an anti-corrosive compound. The anti-corrosive compound can be present in an amount between 0.001 and 8% by weight, preferably between 1 and 5% by weight.. ... Shell Oil Company

07/09/15 / #20150191585

Elastomer compositions comprising gas-to-liquid base oils and processes for preparation thereof

Elastomer compositions comprising a gas-to-liquid (gtl) derived synthetic base oil as an extender oil are provides, wherein the base oil has not been subjected to a process for the removal of haze causing components. Elastomers described include those comprising one elastomer component, such as a rubber, and a base oil wherein the base oil has not been treated to remove haze components and is present in the range of from about 0.1 wt % to about 50 wt % based on the weight of the total elastomer composition. ... Shell Oil Company

07/09/15 / #20150191440

Alkylene oxide production

A process for preparing an alkylene oxide comprising contacting an alkyl phenyl hydroperoxide with an alkene in an epoxidation reaction to obtain an alkylene oxide and an alkyl phenyl alcohol, wherein the alkyl phenyl hydroperoxide is prepared by a process comprising reacting an alkyl aryl compound and oxygen to produce a reaction mixture comprising alkyl phenyl hydroperoxide, alkyl aryl compound and oxygen; separating at least a part of the reaction mixture into a product stream comprising alkyl phenyl hydroperoxide and an alkyl aryl compound stream; mixing at least a part of the alkyl aryl compound stream with a basic aqueous solution; separating at least a part of the mixture of alkyl aryl compound and basic aqueous solution with the help of a coalescer to obtain an organic phase containing alkyl aryl compound, and an aqueous phase; and recycling at least a part of the organic phase to the reacting step.. . ... Shell Oil Company

07/02/15 / #20150184097

Diesel fuel formulatin and use thereof

. . . . A diesel fuel composition having (a) between 60 and 70 vol % of a fischer-tropsch derived component, (b) between 20 and 30 vol % of a naphthenic base oil, and (c) between 9 and 11 vol % of a bio-derived diesel fuel component to provide a fuel composition having a density of between 780 and 820 kg/m3 and a cetane number of at least 68.. . ... Shell Oil Company

07/02/15 / #20150184089

Process to prepare middle distillates and base oils

A process to prepare a first middle distillates fraction, a second middle distillates fraction, a distillate base oil and a residual base oil by providing a fischer-tropsch product stream; separating the fischer-tropsch product stream to obtain at least a low boiling fraction, boiling below a temperature ranging from 300 to 450° c., and a high boiling fraction, boiling above a temperature ranging from 300 to 450° c.; subjecting the high boiling fraction to a hydrocracking/hydroisomerization step to obtain a partially isomerised product stream; separating the partially isomerised product stream to obtain a first middle distillates fraction, a heavy distillates fraction and a residual fraction, the residual fraction having a t5 wt. % boiling point between 400 and 650° c.; dewaxing the low boiling fraction to obtain a second middle distillates fraction; dewaxing the heavy distillates fraction to obtain a distillate base oil; and dewaxing the residual fraction to obtain a residual base oil.. ... Shell Oil Company

07/02/15 / #20150184081

Biomass treatment for hydrothermal hydrocatalytic conversion

A selective removal of chlorine and phosphorus that are detrimental to subsequent hydrothermal hydrocatalytic conversion from the biomass feed prior to carrying out catalytic hydrogenation/hydrogenolysis/hydrodeoxygenation of the biomass in a manner that does not reduce the effectiveness of the hydrothermal hydrocatalytic treatment while minimizing the amount of water used in the process is provided.. . ... Shell Oil Company

06/25/15 / #20150176391

Monitoring system for well casing

A system for use in a wellbore, comprises a length of casing, a structure that is configured to deform with deformation of the casing, said structure being affixed to the length of casing at substantially the same radial position along the length of casing, and a sensing device that is configured to measure deformation of the structure, said device comprising a plurality of sensors that are distributed with respect to at least one of the length of said structure and the periphery of said structure.. . ... Shell Oil Company

06/25/15 / #20150176346

Method and system for wireline intervention in a subsea well from a floating vessel

A method for wireline intervention in subsea well from a floating vessel.. . ... Shell Oil Company

06/25/15 / #20150176093

Methods and systems for processing a reaction product mixture of cellulosic biomass material

Processing of a reaction product mixture of cellulosic biomass material containing at least one volatile organic compound at least one of lignin, a lignin-derived compound, unextracted cellulose, unextracted hemicellulose, a caramelan, and any combination thereof by vaporizing the at least one volatile organic compound using at least thermal energy generated by combusting at least a portion of the reaction product mixture. In a particular embodiment, the reaction product mixture comes from reactions involving deconstruction (or digestion) of cellulosic biomass which contains various polysaccharides (e.g., carbohydrates) and lignin.. ... Shell Oil Company

06/25/15 / #20150176092

Methods and systems for processing a reaction product mixture of cellulosic biomass material

Processing of a reaction product mixture containing at least one volatile organic compound as well as lignin, lignin derived compounds, and/or unextracted cellulose and hemicellulose using a recovery system comprising at least two flashers or at least one flasher and at least two reboilers. In a particular embodiment, the reaction product mixture comes from reactions involving deconstruction (or digestion) of biomass, particularly cellulosic biomass which contains various polysaccharides (e.g., carbohydrates) and lignin.. ... Shell Oil Company

06/25/15 / #20150175921

High octane unleaded aviation gasoline

High octane unleaded aviation gasoline having low aromatics content and a t10 of at most 75° c., t40 of at least 75° c., a t50 of at most 105° c., a t90 of at most 135° c., a final boiling point of less than 190° c., an adjusted heat of combustion of at least 43.5 mj/kg, a vapor pressure in the range of 38 to 49 kpa and a freezing point of less than −58° c. Is provided.. ... Shell Oil Company

06/25/15 / #20150175920

High octane unleaded aviation gasoline

High octane unleaded aviation fuel compositions having high aromatics content and chn content of at least 98 wt %, less than 2 wt % of oxygen content, an adjusted heat of combustion of at least 43.5 mj/kg, a vapor pressure in the range of 38 to 49 kpa is provided.. . ... Shell Oil Company

06/25/15 / #20150175909

Process for hydrotreating a hydrocarbon oil

A process or hydrotreating a hydrocarbon oil that employs a first reactor and a second reactor. The hydrocarbon oil is hydrotreated in the first reactor with a first hydrotreating catalyst in the presence of a first stream of hydrogen-containing gas to obtain a first effluent. ... Shell Oil Company

06/25/15 / #20150175873

Oil recovery process, system, and composition

A system, composition, and process are provided for recovering oil from an oil-bearing formation. An oil recovery formulation comprising a polymer dispersed in a fluid that is at least 75 mol % dimethyl sulfide is introduced into an oil-bearing formation, and oil is produced from the formation.. ... Shell Oil Company

06/25/15 / #20150175492

Process for preparing an emulsion of elemental sulphur particles

The invention provides a process for the preparation an emulsion of elemental sulphur particles, said process comprising the steps of: (a) providing a first stream comprising a liquid fertilizer and/or a liquid fertilizer precursor; (b) providing a second stream comprising liquid elemental sulphur; and (c) mixing the first stream and the second stream in a mixing device in the presence of a multifunctional ionic surfactant to form an emulsion comprising elemental sulphur particles which are coated with a layer of the multifunctional ionic surfactant and dispersed in the fertilizer and/or the fertilizer precursor, whereby a temperature is applied which maintains the elemental sulphur substantially in the liquid form in the mixing device. The invention further provides an elemental sulphur-containing fertilizer obtainable by a process according to the invention.. ... Shell Oil Company

06/18/15 / #20150168571

Method and apparatus for measuring seismic parameters of a seismic vibrator

. . . . . . Apparatus and techniques for measuring seismic parameters, such as ground force, of a seismic vibrator used for generating seismic signals through a geological formation are provided. The seismic vibrator has a base plate positionable adjacent a ground surface of the geological formation. ... Shell Oil Company

06/18/15 / #20150167434

Downhole device for gas well deliquification

A downhole device comprising: a body section, wherein the body section defines a cavity and has an inner diameter and an outer diameter and a nozzle section at a first end of the body section, wherein the nozzle section defines a cavity and has an inner diameter and an outer diameter.. . ... Shell Oil Company

06/18/15 / #20150167241

Biomass treatment for hydrothermal hydrocatalytic conversion

A selective removal of chlorine and phosphorus that are detrimental to subsequent hydrothermal hydrocatalytic conversion from the biomass feed prior to carrying out catalytic hydrogenation/hydrogenolysis/hydrodeoxygenation of the biomass in a manner that does not reduce the effectiveness of the hydrothermal hydrocatalytic treatment while minimizing the amount of water used in the process is provided. . ... Shell Oil Company

06/18/15 / #20150167240

Biomass treatment for hydrothermal hydrocatalytic conversion

A selective removal of metal and its anion species that are detrimental to subsequent hydrothermal hydrocatalytic conversion from the biomass feed prior to carrying out catalytic hydrogenation/hydrogenolysis/hydrodeoxygenation of the biomass in a manner that does not reduce the effectiveness of the hydrothermal hydrocatalytic treatment while minimizing the amount of water used in the process is provided.. . ... Shell Oil Company

06/18/15 / #20150167239

Biomass treatment for hydrothermal hydrocatalytic conversion

A selective removal of metal and its anion species that are detrimental to subsequent hydrothermal hydrocatalytic conversion from the biomass feed prior to carrying out catalytic hydrogenation/hydrogenolysis/hydrodeoxygenation of the biomass in a manner that does not reduce the effectiveness of the hydrothermal hydrocatalytic treatment while minimizing the amount of water used in the process is provided.. . ... Shell Oil Company

06/18/15 / #20150167238

Biomass treatment for hydrothermal hydrocatalytic conversion

A selective removal of metal and its anion species that are detrimental to subsequent hydrothermal hydrocatalytic conversion from the biomass feed prior to carrying out catalytic hydrogenation/hydrogenolysis/hydrodeoxygenation of the biomass in a manner that does not reduce the effectiveness of the hydrothermal hydrocatalytic treatment while minimizing the amount of water used in the process is provided.. . ... Shell Oil Company

06/18/15 / #20150167237

Biomass treatment for hydrothermal hydrocatalytic conversion

A selective removal of chlorine and phosphorus that are detrimental to subsequent hydrothermal hydrocatalytic conversion from the biomass feed prior to carrying out catalytic hydrogenation/hydrogenolysis/hydrodeoxygenation of the biomass in a manner that does not reduce the effectiveness of the hydrothermal hydrocatalytic treatment while minimizing the amount of water used in the process is provided.. . ... Shell Oil Company

06/18/15 / #20150167236

Biomass treatment for hydrothermal hydrocatalytic conversion

A selective removal of chlorine and phosphorus that are detrimental to subsequent hydrothermal hydrocatalytic conversion from the biomass feed prior to carrying out catalytic hydrogenation/hydrogenolysis/hydrodeoxygenation of the biomass in a manner that does not reduce the effectiveness of the hydrothermal hydrocatalytic treatment while minimizing the amount of water used in the process is provided.. . ... Shell Oil Company

06/18/15 / #20150167235

Biomass treatment for hydrothermal hydrocatalytic conversion

A selective removal chlorine and phosphorus that are detrimental to subsequent hydrothermal hydrocatalytic conversion from the biomass feed prior to carrying out catalytic hydrogenation/hydrogenolysis/hydrodeoxygenation of the biomass in a manner that does not reduce the effectiveness of the hydrothermal hydrocatalytic treatment while minimizing the amount of water used in the process is provided.. . ... Shell Oil Company

06/18/15 / #20150166937

Laundry detergent composition and method of making thereof

A mixture of sulfates is made by dimerizing one or more even numbered alpha olefins to produce one or more vinylidenes; hydroformylating the vinylidene(s) to produce a mixture of alcohols; and sulfating the mixture of alcohols to form alcohol sulfates. The sulfates are useful in laundry detergents and other surfactants.. ... Shell Oil Company

06/18/15 / #20150166920

Liquid composition

A liquid fuel composition comprising a base fuel suitable for use in an internal combustion engine; one or more organic uv filter compounds; and one or more ester co-additive compounds provides improvements in terms of stability properties in an additive blend containing said one or more organic uv filter compounds and said one or more ester co-additive compounds, particularly at low temperatures, such as temperatures of 5° c. Or lower.. ... Shell Oil Company

06/18/15 / #20150166898

Biomass pretreatment for hydrothermal hydrocatalytic conversion

A method for thermo-catalytically producing c4+ hydrocarbons from lignocellulosic biomass solids is provided by reducing the water content of the biomass feed prior to biomass hydrothermal hydrocatalytic conversion.. . ... Shell Oil Company

06/18/15 / #20150166766

Cable fill composition

A cable fill composition for an optical fiber cable, said cable fill composition comprising (i) a fischer-tropsch derived base oil; and (ii) a thickening system, wherein the thickening system comprises at least one block copolymer. The cable fill composition of the present invention provides improvements in rheological characteristics, low temperature properties, and colour stability properties, as well as minimizing the levels of additives such as antioxidants and pour point depressants which need to be used.. ... Shell Oil Company

06/18/15 / #20150166682

Biomass treatment for hydrothermal hydrocatalytic conversion

A selective removal of metal and its anion species that are detrimental to subsequent hydrothermal hydrocatalytic conversion from the biomass feed prior to carrying out catalytic hydrogenation/hydrogenolysis/hydrodeoxygenation of the biomass in a manner that does not reduce the effectiveness of the hydrothermal hydrocatalytic treatment while minimizing the amount of water used in the process is provided.. . ... Shell Oil Company

06/18/15 / #20150166681

Biomass treatment for hydrothermal hydrocatalytic conversion

A selective removal of metal and its anion species that are detrimental to subsequent hydrothermal hydrocatalytic conversion from the biomass feed prior to carrying out catalytic hydrogenation/hydrogenolysis/hydrodeoxygenation of the biomass in a manner that does not reduce the effectiveness of the hydrothermal hydrocatalytic treatment while minimizing the amount of water used in the process is provided.. . ... Shell Oil Company

06/18/15 / #20150165490

Continuous or semi-continuous biomass wash system hydrothermal hydrocatalytic conversion

A selective removal of metal and its anion species that are detrimental to subsequent hydrothermal hydrocatalytic conversion from the biomass feed in a continuous or semi-continuous manner prior to carrying out catalytic hydrogenation/hydrogenolysis/hydrodeoxygenation of the biomass that does not reduce the effectiveness of the hydrothermal hydrocatalytic treatment while minimizing the amount of water used in the process is provided.. . ... Shell Oil Company

06/18/15 / #20150165489

Continuous or semi-continuous biomass wash system for hydrothermal hydrocatalytic conversion

A selective removal of metal and its anion species that are detrimental to subsequent hydrothermal hydrocatalytic conversion from the biomass feed in a continuous or semi-continuous manner prior to carrying out catalytic hydrogenation/hydrogenolysis/hydrodeoxygenation of the biomass that does not reduce the effectiveness of the hydrothermal hydrocatalytic treatment while minimizing the amount of water used in the process is provided.. . ... Shell Oil Company

06/18/15 / #20150165488

Continuous or semi-continuous biomass wash system for hydrothermal hydrocatalytic conversion

A selective removal of metal and its anion species that are detrimental to subsequent hydrothermal hydrocatalytic conversion from the biomass feed in a continuous or semi-continuous manner prior to carrying out catalytic hydrogenation/hydrogenolysis/hydrodeoxygenation of the biomass that does not reduce the effectiveness of the hydrothermal hydrocatalytic treatment while minimizing the amount of water used in the process is provided.. . ... Shell Oil Company

06/18/15 / #20150165421

Molecular sieve catalyst and processes for formulating and using the same

The present invention provides a molecular sieve catalyst which comprises a zeolitic material, a binder material and a matrix material, wherein the zeolitic material comprises zeolite and crystobolite, and the crystobolite is present in an amount of less than.0 wt %, based on the total weight of zeolitic material. The present invention further provides a process for formulating the molecular sieve catalyst, and processes for the preparation of olefins.. ... Shell Oil Company

06/11/15 / #20150159106

High octane unleaded aviation gasoline

. . High octane unleaded aviation fuel compositions having high aromatics content and a chn content of at least 97.2 wt %, less than 2.8 wt % of oxygen content, a t10 of at most 75° c., t40 of at least 75° c., a t50 of at most 105° c., a t90 of at most 135° c., a final boiling point of less than 190° c., an adjusted heat of combustion of at least 43.5 mj/kg, a vapor pressure in the range of 38 to 49 kpa, freezing point is less than −58° c. Is provided.. ... Shell Oil Company

06/11/15 / #20150158835

Relating to propylene oxide purification

A method of separating impurities from impure po, the method comprising distilling impure po in a distillation zone to provide distillate po of enhanced purity, wherein heat is provided to the distillation zone by a bottoms reboiler and by an intermediate reboiler, the intermediate reboiler providing heat at a lower temperature than the bottoms reboiler. A suitable distillation system is also disclosed.. ... Shell Oil Company

06/11/15 / #20150158799

Process for the production of alcohols

The present invention provides a process for the production of alcohols, which process comprises the steps of: (a) reacting an oxygenate and/or olefinic feed in a reactor in the presence of a molecular sieve catalyst to form an effluent comprising olefins, comprising propylene; (b) separating the effluent comprising olefins as obtained in step (a) into at least a first olefinic product fraction comprising propylene and a second olefinic product fraction; (c) subjecting at least part of the first olefinic product fraction as obtained in step (b) to a hydroformylation process to form aldehydes; (d) hydrogenating at least part of the aldehydes as obtained in step (c) to form alcohols; (e) separating at least part of the alcohols as obtained in step (d) into at least a first product fraction of alcohols and a second product fraction of alcohols; and (f) recycling at least part of the first or second product fraction of alcohols to step (a).. . ... Shell Oil Company

06/11/15 / #20150157975

Absorbent composition for the selective absorption of hydrogen sulfide

An absorbent composition that is useful in the selective removal of hydrogen sulfide relative to carbon dioxide from gaseous mixtures that comprise both hydrogen sulfide and carbon dioxide and the use thereof. The absorbent composition includes an amine mixture of an amination reaction product of tert-butylamine with a polydispersed polyethylene glycol (peg) mixture having an average molecular weight within a certain specified range of molecular weights. ... Shell Oil Company

06/04/15 / #20150153467

Seismic imaging

A method of imaging a subterranean formation. The method includes emitting a primary wave from a source point, such that a portion of the primary wave travels into the subterranean formation and is refracted along a geologic layer in the subterranean formation and then emitted as a secondary wave from a refraction point on a boundary between the geologic layer and another geologic layer. ... Shell Oil Company

06/04/15 / #20150152691

Method and connector assembly for connecting tubular members

The invention provides a method of joining tubular members.. . ... Shell Oil Company

06/04/15 / #20150152337

Preflash arrangements and feedstock multiple injection in a process for distillation of crude oil

The invention relates to a process for distillation of crude oils comprising i) passing a hydrocarbon crude oil into a preflash vessel maintained under conditions to separate the crude oil into a preflash liquid and a preflash vapor, ii) passing the pre-flash liquid into a furnace maintained under conditions to heat and partially vaporize the preflash liquid, iii) passing the heated furnace effluent into the lower part of a distillation column maintained under fractionating conditions, iv) passing the preflash vapor into the distillation column in a zone at the bottom of a stripping zone located below the introduction zone of the furnace effluent, and v) passing steam into the distillation column in a zone at the bottom of the stripping zone, such that liquid furnace effluent is contacted with steam and preflash vapor in the stripping zone under conditions sufficient to strip the liquid furnace effluent.. . ... Shell Oil Company

06/04/15 / #20150151241

Process for the high temperature selective absorption of hydrogen sulfide

A high temperature selective absorption process for treating a gas stream having concentrations of both hydrogen sulfide and carbon dioxide to yield a treated gas stream having a reduced hydrogen sulfide concentration. The high temperature selective absorption process uniquely utilizes a novel absorbent composition which enables the processing of the gas stream under difficult absorption conditions and provides for other features of the inventive absorption process.. ... Shell Oil Company

05/28/15 / #20150148574

Process for the preparation of an olefin product

. . A process for the preparation of an olefin product, which process comprises the steps of: a) converting an oxygenate feedstock in an oxygenate-to-olefins conversion system, comprising a reaction zone in which an oxygenate feedstock is contacted with an oxygenate conversion catalyst under oxygenate conversion conditions, to obtain a conversion effluent comprising olefins and paraffins; b) separating at least a portion of the paraffins from the conversion effluent to form a paraffin stream; and c) recycling at least a portion of the paraffin stream to step a).. . ... Shell Oil Company

05/28/15 / #20150144531

Process for the catalytic conversion of micro carbon residue content of heavy hydrocarbon feedstocks and a low surface area catalyst composition for use therein

An improved process for the hydroconversion of micro carbon residue content of heavy hydrocarbon feedstocks by the use of a catalyst composition that is especially useful in the conversion of micro carbon residue of such feedstocks. The catalyst composition is a low surface area composition that further has a specifically define pore structure the combination of which provides for its enhance micro carbon residue conversion property.. ... Shell Oil Company

05/28/15 / #20150144528

Process to prepare a gas oil fraction and a residual base oil

The present invention provides a process to prepare a gas oil fraction, a heavy distillate fraction and a residual base oil fraction, which process at least comprises the following steps: (a) subjecting the feedstock to a hydroprocessing step to obtain an at least partially isomerised feedstock; (b) separating the isomerised feedstock by means of distillation into at least a gas oil fraction, a heavy distillate fraction and a residual fraction, wherein the residual fraction has a t10 wt % boiling point of between 200 and 450° c.; (c) recycling part of the residual fraction to step (a); and (d) catalytic dewaxing of remaining residual fraction to obtain a residual base oil.. . ... Shell Oil Company

05/21/15 / #20150142588

System and method for management of retail site infrastructure for mobile application usages

A method of authorizing a transaction at a fuel pump includes receiving a user request to activate the pump, determining whether the user is authorized, determining whether the user is in the proximity of the pump, determining whether the pump is functional, determining whether the pump is already reserved for another user, and determining whether the pump is already in use. In response to those determinations, a message is displayed, either authorizing or declining the transaction.. ... Shell Oil Company

05/21/15 / #20150142496

Hydrocarbon matrix system and method of using same

A matrix system for performing hydrocarbon operations involving exploration, production, transportation, and delivery of hydrocarbons. The matrix system includes a matrix unit, a user terminal, a tag, and a gatekeeper. ... Shell Oil Company

05/21/15 / #20150136399

Steam-injecting mineral insulated heater design

Methods and systems for treating a subsurface hydrocarbon formation are described herein. A method for treating a subsurface hydrocarbon formation includes applying electrical current to a one or more heating elements positioned in a first tubular located in an opening in the subsurface hydrocarbon formation; providing fluid through a second tubular positioned in the first tubular in the subsurface hydrocarbon formation such that a portion of the fluid flows between the first tubular and second tubular and along a length of the tubulars; allowing the fluid to flow into a hydrocarbon layer in the subsurface hydrocarbon formation; and allowing heat to transfer from at least one of the heating elements and the fluid to a portion of the hydrocarbon layer in the subsurface hydrocarbon formation.. ... Shell Oil Company

05/21/15 / #20150135954

Method and apparatus for circulating a glycol stream, and method of producing a natural gas product stream

The methods apparatuses described herein involve recovering of glycol from an aqueous phase to form a stream of recovered glycol and a glycol recovery system. The aqueous phase is fed to the top of a lower theoretical stage in a distillation column. ... Shell Oil Company

05/07/15 / #20150127261

Automated calibration of a stratigraphic forward modelling (sfm) tool using a neighborhood algorithm with explicit escape clauses

A modified direct search neighborhood algorithm (na), similar to genetic or evolutionary algorithms, is used for automatic calibration of stratigraphic forward models (sfm) to data constraints. The modified na comprises explicit escape clauses from local minima and admissible solutions, thereby preventing a natural tendency of conventional nas to converge and oversample a single minimum. ... Shell Oil Company

05/07/15 / #20150126791

Process for preparing hydrocracking catalyst compositions

A process for the preparation of a naphtha-selective hydrocracking catalyst comprising of from 3 to 4.8% wt of molybdenum, calculated as metal, and of from 1.5 to 3% wt of nickel, calculated as metal, which comprises loading a refractory oxide support comprising an alumina binder component and a zeolite y component in a content of from 65 to 75 wt % based on the total weight of the catalyst, with nickel and molybdenum in the presence of citric acid, wherein the zeolite y component has a unit cell size in the range of from 24.42 to 24.52 Å, a sar in the range of from 8 to 15, and a surface area of from 850 to 1020 m2/g.. . ... Shell Oil Company

05/07/15 / #20150123022

Electronic deadman/autoshear circuit

A blowout preventer control system comprising: a blowout preventer comprising one or more casing shear rams and one or more blind shear rams; a casing shear ram close chamber; a blind shear ram close chamber; a first spm valve; a second spm valve; a first solenoid valve; a microprocessor; and a hydraulic fluid source.. . ... Shell Oil Company

05/07/15 / #20150122548

Method and system for directional drilling and coupling sub

The present invention provides a system and method for directional drilling of a borehole in a formation along a predetermined trajectory. The method comprising the steps of: providing a directional drilling system, comprising a rotatable drill string comprising a first drill string section and a second drill string section; a drill bit connected to a downhole end of the drill string; and a coupling sub comprising a first end connected to the first drill string section; a second end connected to the second drill string section; a hinge member between the first end and the second end allowing hinging of the second end relative to the first end; and locking means, operable between a hinge mode and a locking mode for locking the hinge member to prevent hinging of the second end relative to the first end; operating the directional drilling system with the locking means in the locking mode to drill a substantially straight section of the trajectory; and operating the directional drilling system with the locking means in the hinge mode to drill a curved section of the trajectory.. ... Shell Oil Company

05/07/15 / #20150122125

Method of improving a process for the selective absorption of hydrogen sulfide

An absorbent composition that is useful in the selective removal of hydrogen sulfide relative to carbon dioxide from gaseous mixtures that comprise both hydrogen sulfide and carbon dioxide and the use thereof. The absorbent composition includes an amine mixture of an amination reaction product of tert-butylamine with a polydispersed polyethylene glycol (peg) mixture having an average molecular weight within a certain specified range of molecular weights. ... Shell Oil Company

05/07/15 / #20150121904

Apparatus and method for heating a liquefied stream

In a heater for a liquefied stream, a first heat transfer zone has a box stretching longitudinally along an axis. A first heat transfer surface is arranged inside the box, across which a first indirect heat exchanging contact is established between a liquefied stream that is to be heated and a heat transfer fluid. ... Shell Oil Company

04/30/15 / #20150119622

Catalyst for alkane oxidative dehydrogenation and/or alkene oxidation

. . . . The invention relates to a process for treating a catalyst for alkane oxidative dehydrogenation and/or alkene oxidation, which catalyst is a mixed metal oxide catalyst containing molybdenum, vanadium and niobium, wherein the process comprises: contacting the catalyst with a gas mixture comprising an inert gas and oxygen (02), wherein the amount of oxygen is of from 10 to less than 10,000 parts per million by volume (ppmv), based on the total volume of the gas mixture, at an elevated temperature.. . ... Shell Oil Company

04/30/15 / #20150119617

Process for converting oxygenates to olefins

A process for converting oxygenates to olefins comprising: a) contacting an oxygenate containing stream with a molecular sieve catalyst in an oxygenate to olefins conversion reactor under oxygenate to olefins conversion conditions to form an effluent comprising olefins; b) quenching the effluent by contacting with water; and c) contacting the quenched olefin stream with a molecular sieve to remove at least a portion of the water from the quenched olefin stream wherein the molecular sieve has a dimethyl ether adsorption capacity of less than 0.1 wt %.. . ... Shell Oil Company

04/30/15 / #20150119616

Method for converting oxygenates to olefins

A method for converting oxygenates to olefins comprising: a) feeding an oxygenate containing stream to a reactor; b) contacting the oxygenate containing stream with a molecular sieve catalyst under oxygenate-to-olefin conversion conditions to form products wherein the catalyst becomes deactivated due to the formation of coke on the catalyst; c) removing the products from the reactor; d) removing at least a portion of the catalyst from the reactor and sending the catalyst to a catalyst regenerator; e) contacting the catalyst with a regeneration medium and a fuel to combust at least a portion of the coke and to heat the catalyst; and f) returning at least a portion of the heated catalyst to the reactor wherein the fuel is a light hydrocarbon gas that has been at least partially diluted with nitrogen and/or air.. . ... Shell Oil Company

04/30/15 / #20150119305

Lubricating oil composition

The object of this invention is to offer a lubricating oil composition which has superior extreme pressure properties (ability to prevent welding), which generates a small amount of sludge and which also has a high viscosity index. The invention provides a lubricating oil composition to which has been added a copolymer of specified olefins and alkyl methacrylates.. ... Shell Oil Company

04/30/15 / #20150114434

Process for removing contaminants in a compressor

A process for preventing contaminants from forming in a compressor in a methanol to olefin separation system comprising: compressing an effluent in the compressor, the compressor having an inlet in fluid communication with a suction line, an outlet, and an inner compressor surface; and injecting a contaminant prevention medium into the suction line of the compressor wherein any contaminants are removed from the compressor with the effluent and optionally separated or otherwise removed from the effluent stream in downstream equipment.. . ... Shell Oil Company

04/30/15 / #20150113866

High octane unleaded aviation gasoline

High octane unleaded aviation fuel compositions having high aromatics content and a chn content of at least 98 wt %, less than 2 wt % of oxygen content, an adjusted heat of combustion of at least 43.5 mj/kg, a vapor pressure in the range of 38 to 49 kpa, freezing point is less than −58° c. Is provided.. ... Shell Oil Company

04/30/15 / #20150113865

High octane unleaded aviation gasoline

High octane unleaded aviation fuel composition having high aromatics content and chn content of at least 97.8 wt %, less than 2.2 wt % of oxygen content, a t10 of at most 75° c., t40 of at least 75° c., a t50 of at most 105° c., a t90 of at most 135° c., a final boiling point of less than 190° c., an adjusted heat of combustion of at least 43.5 mj/kg, a vapor pressure in the range of 38 to 49 kpa is provided.. . ... Shell Oil Company

04/30/15 / #20150113862

High octane unleaded aviation gasoline

High octane unleaded aviation fuel compositions having a chn content of at least 97.2 wt %, less than 2.8 wt % of oxygen content, a t10 of at most 75° c., t40 of at least 75° c., a t50 of at most 105° c., a t90 of at most 135° c., a final boiling point of less than 210° c., an adjusted heat of combustion of at least 43.5 mj/kg, a vapor pressure in the range of 38 to 49 kpa is provided.. . ... Shell Oil Company

04/30/15 / #20150113861

High octane unleaded aviation gasoline

High octane unleaded aviation gasoline having low aromatics content and a t10 of at most 75° c., t40 of at least 75° c., a t50 of at most 105° c., a t90 of at most 135° c., a final boiling point of less than 210° c., an adjusted heat of combustion of at least 43.5 mj/kg, a vapor pressure in the range of 38 to 49 kpa and a freezing point of less than −58° c. Is provided.. ... Shell Oil Company

04/23/15 / #20150112107

Oxygenate-to-olefins process and an apparatus therefor

The present invention relates to a process for the preparation of an olefinic product, such as one or both of ethylene and propylene, from an oxygenate feedstock, such as methanol, and an apparatus therefore, said process comprising: treating an effluent stream with a carbonyl compound absorbent stream comprising an aqueous solution of bisulphite having a ph in the range of from 4 to 8, to provide an olefinic product stream comprising olefin and a loaded carbonyl compound absorbent stream comprising an aqueous solution of at least one carbonyl adduct comprising one or both of c2+ aldehyde adduct and ketone adduct and optionally unreacted bisulphite, said liquid absorbent stream and loaded carbonyl compound absorbent stream in a carbonyl compound absorbent circuit separate from the effluent separation circuit.. . ... Shell Oil Company

04/23/15 / #20150111726

Ultra-stable heavy hydrocarbon hydroprocessing catalyst and methods of making and use thereof

An ultra-stable catalyst composition for hydroprocessing hydrocarbon feedstocks and a method of making and use of the ultra-stable catalyst composition. The catalyst composition of the invention comprises a calcined mixture made by calcining a formed particle of a mixture comprising an inorganic oxide material, molybdenum trioxide, and a nickel compound; wherein the calcined mixture is further overlaid with a cobalt component and a molybdenum component to thereby provide the catalyst composition.. ... Shell Oil Company

04/23/15 / #20150108039

Catalyst for the hydrotreatment of a heavy hydrocarbon feedstock

Disclosed is a method of hydrotreating a heavy hydrocarbon feedstock using a hydrotreating catalyst having specific properties that make it effective in converting nitrogen, sulfur and micro-carbon residue of a heavy hydrocarbon feedstock. The catalyst comprises a calcined support particle impregnated with a group 6 metal component (e.g., molybdenum), a nickel component, and a phosphorus component present at concentrations in the catalyst such that the atomic ratio of the group 6 metal-to nickel metal are within a specified range. ... Shell Oil Company

04/23/15 / #20150107841

Process for reducing viscosity of polymer-containing fluid produced in the recovery of oil

The present invention is directed to a process for producing a fluid containing oil and water from an oil-bearing formation and separating an oil phase and an aqueous phase from the produced fluid. An aqueous polymer mixture is formed by mixing polymer in water having a total dissolved solids content of from 200 ppm to 15,000 ppm. ... Shell Oil Company

04/23/15 / #20150107840

Process for recovery of oil from an oil-bearing formation

The present invention is directed to a process for producing oil. The mass action ratio (mar) of divalent cations to monovalent cations of water from an oil-bearing formation is determined, and an aqueous displacement fluid having a total dissolved solids content of from 200 ppm to 5,000 ppm and a mar of divalent cations to monovalent cations of from 70% to 130% of the mar of divalent cations to monovalent cations of the formation water is introduced into the formation. ... Shell Oil Company

04/23/15 / #20150107834

Method for producing heavy oil

A method is provided for production of heavy oil from a reservoir containing heavy oil, the method including the steps of: providing a plurality of wells into the formation; injecting into the plurality of wells a mixture comprising steam and a solvent; ceasing injection of the mixture; producing a mixture of heavy oil, solvent and condensed steam from the plurality of wells after injection of steam has ceased: and after production of the mixture of heavy oil, solvent and condensate from at least one of the plurality of wells has declined to a predetermined rate, injecting into the at least one well a stream consisting essentially of steam while at least one other well continues to operate as a producing well.. . ... Shell Oil Company

04/16/15 / #20150105597

Process for the aromatization of a methane-containing gas stream

A process is disclosed for making styrene and/or ethylbenzene by reacting toluene with a c1 source over a catalyst in at least one radial reactor to form a product stream comprising styrene and/or ethylbenzene.. . ... Shell Oil Company

04/16/15 / #20150105593

Process for producing volatile organic compounds from biomass material

Embodiments of the present invention provide for production and recovery of ethanol or other volatile organic compounds, such as acetic acid, from solid biomass material. One embodiment comprises introducing a biomass material to a compartment of a solventless recovery system, wherein the biomass material contains one or more volatile organic compounds; contacting the biomass material with a superheated vapor stream in the compartment to vaporize at least a portion of an initial liquid content in the biomass material, said superheated vapor stream comprising at least one volatile organic compound; separating a vapor component and a solid component from the heated biomass material, said vapor component comprising at least one volatile organic compound; and retaining at least a portion of the vapor component for use as part of the superheated vapor stream.. ... Shell Oil Company

04/16/15 / #20150101802

Real-time methods of tracking fluids

A method of tracking an intelligent fluid in a well bore, comprising: providing an intelligent fluid; introducing the intelligent fluid into the well bore; sensing one or more well bore characteristics with the intelligent fluid; and wirelessly relaying data on the one or more well characteristics to the surface.. . ... Shell Oil Company

04/09/15 / #20150099914

Process for the aromatization of a methane-containing gas stream

A process for the aromatization of a methane-containing gas stream comprising: contacting the methane-containing gas stream in a reactor with a fluidized bed comprising an aromatization catalyst and a hydrogen acceptor under methane-containing gas aromatization conditions to produce a product stream comprising aromatics and hydrogen wherein the hydrogen is, at least in part, bound by the hydrogen acceptor in the reaction zone and removed from the product and the reaction zone.. . ... Shell Oil Company

04/09/15 / #20150096806

Mechanized slot drilling

A system and method are provided for providing access to surfaces within a formation is provided, the method including: providing a wellbore from a first surface location to a second surface location; inserting into the wellbore a cylindrical cutting assembly connected to at least two wellbore tubulars, one of the wellbore tubular extending to each of the first surface location and the second surface location; and rotating the radial cylindrical cutting element.. . ... Shell Oil Company

04/02/15 / #20150094503

Catalyst for producing hydrocarbons

A hydropyrolysis catalyst and a process using that catalyst are described. The catalyst comprises a support and an active metal component wherein the catalyst is an eggshell type catalyst having the active metal component located in the outer portion of the support.. ... Shell Oil Company

04/02/15 / #20150094445

Asymmetric modified carbon molecular sieve hollow fiber membranes having improved permeance

The present invention provides an asymmetric modified cms hollow fiber membrane having improved gas separation performance properties and a process for preparing an asymmetric modified cms hollow fiber membrane having improved gas separation performance properties. The process comprises treating a polymeric precursor fiber with a solution containing a modifying agent prior to pyrolysis. ... Shell Oil Company

04/02/15 / #20150094201

Process for regenerating a coked catalytic cracking catalyst

A process for regenerating a coked catalytic cracking catalyst which the carbon-containing deposits on the catalyst contains at least 1 wt % bio-carbon, based on the total weight of carbon present in the carbon-containing deposits is provided. Such coked catalytic cracking catalyst is contacted with an oxygen containing gas at a temperature of equal to or more than 550° c. ... Shell Oil Company

04/02/15 / #20150093314

Absorbent composition for the selective absortption of hydrogen sulfide and process of use thereof

An absorbent composition that is useful in the selective removal of hydrogen sulfide relative to carbon dioxide from gaseous mixtures that comprise both hydrogen sulfide and carbon dioxide and the use thereof. The absorbent composition includes an aqueous solvent that comprises an amine mixture, comprising an amination reaction product of tert-butylamine and a polydispersed polyethylene glycol mixture, and water with a concentration of an added strong acid to inhibit phase separation of the aqueous solvent. ... Shell Oil Company

04/02/15 / #20150090443

Methods for estimating resource density using raman spectroscopy of inclusions in shale resource plays

A method of determining the in situ pressure of a light hydrocarbon in a shale source rock formation comprising: providing an inclusion comprising the light hydrocarbon trapped within the inclusion; using raman spectroscopy to determine the density and composition of the light hydrocarbon trapped within the inclusion; and calculating a pressure of the light hydrocarbon in the shale source rock formation based upon the density and composition of the light hydrocarbon trapped within the inclusion.. . ... Shell Oil Company

03/26/15 / #20150087075

Sulphur detection method and kit

Method of detecting the presence of sulphur in a construction material such as asphalt or concrete comprising the steps of:·(a) adding a quantity of the construction material to a solvent to form a test solution, wherein the solvent is capable of solubilising all or part of any sulphur which is present in the construction material and wherein the solvent is miscible with an aqueous solution; and·(b) detecting the presence of sulphur in the test solution by (i) adding to the solution a reagent which induces part or all of any sulphur present in the test solution to precipitate and (ii) measuring the turbidity of the test solution after the precipitation has been formed. The present invention further relates to a sulphur detection kit for detecting the presence of sulphur in construction materials such as asphalt or concrete.. ... Shell Oil Company

03/26/15 / #20150086437

Reactor system, an absorbent and a process for reacting a feed

Reactor systems are provided that comprise a purification zone comprising an absorbent which comprises silver, an alkali or alkaline earth metal, and a support material having a surface area of more than 20 m2/g, and a reaction zone comprising a catalyst, which reaction zone is positioned downstream from the purification zone.. . ... Shell Oil Company

03/26/15 / #20150083407

Method of removing wellbore fluid from well and water removal well

A method for removal of fluid from a subterranean formation is provided, the method including the steps of: providing a wellbore from the surface to within the formation: providing a pump in the wellbore capable of removing fluid from the wellbore to a surface location; establishing a pump performance function as pump curves; measuring at least one variable that establishes where the pump is operating on the pump curve; determining the differential pressure across the pump from the measured variable and the digital power and the flow rate; determining the suction side pressure from the differential pressure across the pump and the vertical height of the annular fluid column of the fluid column above the pump; determining the suction side fluid level from the suction side pressure and the fluid density.. . ... Shell Oil Company

03/26/15 / #20150083405

Method of conducting diagnostics on a subterranean formation

A method including providing sensors in injection and observation wells; increasing pressure within the injection well until a fracture extends from an initiation location through a portion of a subterranean formation to an intersection location in the observation well, wherein increasing pressure within the injection well comprises introducing fluid into the injection well; obtaining a measurement indicative of fracture initiation from the first sensor; determining a height of the fracture at the injection well; obtaining a measurement indicative of fracture intersection from the second sensor; determining a volume of fluid introduced between the fracture initiation and the fracture intersection; determining a distance between the initiation location and the intersection location; determining a time lapse between the fracture initiation and the fracture intersection; and using the determined values, calculating a hydraulic fracturing characteristic.. . ... Shell Oil Company

03/19/15 / #20150080626

Methods and systems for supplying hydrogen to a hydrocatalytic reaction

A bottom fraction of a product of a hydrocatalytic reaction is gasified to generate hydrogen for use in further hydrocatalytic reactions. In one embodiment, an overhead fraction of the hydrocatalytic reaction is further processed to generate higher molecular weight compounds. ... Shell Oil Company

03/19/15 / #20150080622

Methods and systems for supplying hydrogen to a hydrocatalytic reaction

A bottom fraction of a product of a hydrocatalytic reaction is gasified to generate hydrogen for use in further hydrocatalytic reactions. In one embodiment, one or more volatile organic compounds is also vaporized using heat generated in the gasification process. ... Shell Oil Company

03/19/15 / #20150080621

Methods and systems for supplying hydrogen to a hydrocatalytic reaction

A bottom fraction of a product of a hydrocatalytic reaction is gasified to generate hydrogen for use in further hydrocatalytic reactions. In one embodiment, one or more volatile organic compounds is also vaporized using heat generated in the gasification process. ... Shell Oil Company

03/19/15 / #20150080620

Methods and systems for supplying hydrogen to a hydrocatalytic reaction

Systems and methods for supplying hydrogen to a hydrocatalytic reaction of a biomass feedstock by gasification of a biomass material. In a preferred embodiment, the biomass material comprises hog fuel. ... Shell Oil Company

03/19/15 / #20150080590

Process for the production of ethylene oxide

The invention relates to a process for the production of ethylene oxide, comprising the steps of: producing ethylene resulting in a stream comprising ethylene and ethane; separating the stream comprising ethylene and ethane into a stream comprising ethylene and ethane in which stream the amount of ethylene is greater than the amount of ethane and a stream comprising ethane and ethylene in which stream the amount of ethane is greater than the amount of ethylene; producing ethylene oxide by subjecting ethylene and ethane from the stream comprising ethylene and ethane, in which stream the amount of ethylene is greater than the amount of ethane, to oxidation conditions resulting in a stream comprising ethylene oxide, unconverted ethylene and ethane; and recovering ethylene oxide from the stream comprising ethylene oxide, unconverted ethylene and ethane. . ... Shell Oil Company

03/19/15 / #20150079652

Novel yeast strains

Sacchromyces cerevisiae strains modified to express an adhe (alcohol/aldehyde dehydrogenase) enzyme having the amino acid sequence seq id no:1, or a functional variant thereof capable of catalysing the conversion of acetyl coa to ethanol, and/or to overexpress an acs2 (acetyl-coa synthetase) enzyme having the amino acid sequence seq id no:2, or a functional variant thereof capable of catalysing the conversion of acetate to acetyl coa. Such cells have an improved ability to grow on or in acetate-containing media compared to cells not according to the invention.. ... Shell Oil Company

03/19/15 / #20150076036

Method and system for controlling a hydrocracker and fractionator

A method and system for controlling a hydrocracker and fractionator reaction loop is disclosed. The method and system utilizes a sidedraw tray within the fractionator distillation zone upon which liquid is collected. ... Shell Oil Company

03/19/15 / #20150075784

Phased stimulation methods

A method of stimulating a subterranean formation is provided. The method includes determining a final fracture spacing. ... Shell Oil Company

03/12/15 / #20150073168

Process for preparing an internal olefin sulfonate

The invention relates to a process for preparing an internal olefin sulfonate, comprising sulfonating an internal olefin, having an average carbon number that is equal to or greater than 20, in a sulfonation reactor into sulfonated internal olefin followed by contacting sulfonated internal olefin with a base containing solution, wherein the sulfonation reactor is cooled with a cooling means having a temperature which is greater than 35° c. Further, the invention relates to an internal olefin sulfonate obtainable by said process, and to use of internal olefin sulfonates obtainable or obtained by said process as a surfactant, suitably as a surfactant in chemical enhanced oil recovery.. ... Shell Oil Company

03/12/15 / #20150068451

Supported gas separation membrane and method

A method of making a gas separation membrane system by providing a porous support material having deposited thereon a metal membrane layer and imposing upon the surface thereof certain surface characteristics that provide for surface activation that enhances the placement thereon of a subsequent metal membrane layer. The gas separation membrane system is useful in the separation of hydrogen from hydrogen-containing gas streams.. ... Shell Oil Company

03/05/15 / #20150060329

Process to prepare residual base oil

. . The present invention provides a process to prepare a residual base oil, which process at least comprises the following steps: (a) providing a mineral bright stock waxy raffinate; (b) combining the mineral bright stock waxy raffinate provided in step (a) with a catalytically dewaxed residual fischer-tropsch derived base oil to obtain a mixture; and (c) solvent dewaxing the mixture obtained in (b) to obtain a residual base oil, wherein the weight ratio of the mineral bright stock waxy raffinate to the catalytically dewaxed residual fischer-tropsch derived base oil in step (b) is in the range of from 75:25 to 35:65. In another aspect the present invention provides a residual base oil obtainable by the process.. ... Shell Oil Company

03/05/15 / #20150060075

Oil recovery process

The present invention provides a method for enhancing the recovery of oil from a formation. An enhanced oil recovery formulation comprising a gas comprised of a hydrocarbon-containing gas and an ether having from 2 to 4 carbons is injected into an oil-bearing formation to mobilize the oil. ... Shell Oil Company

03/05/15 / #20150059975

Adhesive compositions and methods of using the same

A composition comprising a base oil in an amount from 5 to 95 wt %, an ethylene vinyl acetate copolymer resin, and an ester-soluble tackifying resin; wherein the ethylene vinyl acetate copolymer resin is present in an amount from 5 to 95 wt % based on the total weight of the ethylene vinyl acetate copolymer resin and the ester-soluble tackifying resin is provided. Methods for assembling or lubricating turbine engines are also provided.. ... Shell Oil Company

02/26/15 / #20150056082

Method of detecting and breaking gas locks in an electric submersible pump

A method of breaking a gas lock in an electrical submersible pump, comprising: a) monitoring a measured value related to the electrical current used by a pump motor connected to and providing power to the pump; b) comparing the measured value to a threshold value to detect the occurrence of gas lock conditions; and when those conditions are detected; c) sending an override signal to immediately reduce the flow to the pump for a set period of time; and d) comparing the measured value related to the electrical current to the threshold value at the end of the set period of time, and if gas lock conditions are not detected, then increasing the power to the pump.. . ... Shell Oil Company

02/12/15 / #20150045586

Process for the production of alcohols

The present invention provides a process for the production of aldehydes and/or alcohols, which process comprises the steps of: (a) reacting an oxygenate and/or olefinic feed in a reactor in the presence of a molecular sieve catalyst to form an effluent comprising olefins, comprising propylene; (b) separating the effluent comprising olefins as obtained in step (a) into at least a first olefinic product fraction comprising propylene and a second olefinic product fraction; (c) subjecting at least part of the first olefinic product fraction as obtained in step (b) to a hydroformylation process to form aldehydes; (d) separating at least part of the aldehydes as obtained in step (c) into at least a first product fraction of aldehydes and a second product fraction of aldehydes; and (e) hydrogenating at least part of the aldehydes in the first and/or second product fraction of aldehydes as obtained in step (d) to form a first product fraction of alcohols and/or a second product fraction of alcohols; (f) recycling at least part of the first and/or second product fraction of alcohols obtained in step (e) to step (a).. . ... Shell Oil Company

02/12/15 / #20150043310

Sensor station, system and method for sensing seismic parameters

Sensor stations, system and methods for sensing seismic parameters of a subsurface structure are provided. The sensor station includes a sensor housing and a sensor unit. ... Shell Oil Company

02/12/15 / #20150043308

Integrated seismic monitoring system and method

An integrated seismic system and method for monitoring seismic parameters of a subsurface structure is provided. The integrated seismic system includes a plurality of mobile satellite nodes, a seismic cable and a base station. ... Shell Oil Company

02/12/15 / #20150041718

Burner for the gasification of a solid fuel

The invention is directed to a burner for the gasification of a solid fuel, comprising a burner front having an opening for discharging a solid fuel, wherein the opening for discharging the solid fuel is fluidly connected to a central passage way and wherein the central passage way has a downstream part wherein the diameter of the passage way increases over a first length and subsequently decreases over a second length terminating at the burner front and wherein inside the downstream part of the central passage way a hollow member is positioned, and wherein the hollow member has an internal increasing diameter and inner decreasing diameter aligned with the increasing and decreasing diameter of the hollow member and wherein the connecting conduits have a discharge opening positioned in the diverging part of the hollow member.. . ... Shell Oil Company

02/12/15 / #20150041580

Seismic cable handling system and method

A system and method for handling seismic cable having sensor stations thereon is provided. The seismic cable is positionable about the seismic field for measuring seismic parameters of a subsurface structure. ... Shell Oil Company

02/12/15 / #20150041144

Riser cutting tool

A method of separating a riser, comprising providing a riser having an inner and an outer surface, a circumference of said outer surface, a longitudinal axis and a first end and a second end; radially surrounding said riser with an explosive shaped charge material, wherein said shaped charge explosive material is capable of generating a high-velocity plasma jet in response to an activation signal, and wherein said explosive material comprises an electrically conductive layer; transmitting said activation signal to said explosive material; generating said high-velocity plasma jet; and separating said riser into a first portion comprising said first end and a second portion comprising said second end when said high-velocity plasma jet penetrates said outer surface of said riser and exits said inner surface of said riser.. . ... Shell Oil Company

02/12/15 / #20150041117

Low profile magnetic orienting protectors

A system for providing information about a region of interest in a borehole, comprises a tubular passing through the region of interest, an optical fiber deployed on the outside of the tubular in the region of interest and optically connected to a light source and optical signal receiving means, at least one metal strip deployed on the outside of the tubular adjacent to the optical fiber, wherein the strip has at least one longitudinal face that is flat or concave so as to conform to the outside of the tubular, and means for holding the optical fiber and the metal strip in a fixed azimuthal location with respect to the tubular.. . ... Shell Oil Company

02/05/15 / #20150035274

Connector assembly

The invention provides a connector assembly for interconnecting tubular elements. The connector assembly comprises at least one pin member, at least one box member, and for each box member a respective coating layer. ... Shell Oil Company

01/29/15 / #20150031252

System for mooring a production vessel

A system for mooring a floating production vessel comprising: two or more buoys anchored to the seafloor that are also connected directly to the floating production vessel; and one or more risers connected to at least one of the buoys that is also connected to one or more subsea wellheads or manifolds wherein the buoys are not connected to the floating vessel by a swivel and turret system.. . ... Shell Oil Company

01/29/15 / #20150030210

Signal enhancement using diversity shot stacking for reverse time migrations (dessert)

A method of processing seismic data so as to provide an image of a sub-surface region, comprises providing plurality of migrated shot gathers that contain information about the region, summing portions of the migrated shot gathers to provide a pilot stack, partitioning the plurality of gathers into a plurality of groups and summing the gathers in each group to provide a substack, wherein each group includes at least two migrated shots and wherein a substack is generated from each group, applying an amplitude normalization algorithm to the pilot stack so as to generate an amplitude-normalized pilot stack, calculating a weight function by comparing each substack to the normalized pilot stack, weighting each substack using the weight function so as to generate a plurality of weighted substacks, summing overlapping portions of the weighted substacks so as to generate a output stack, and using the output stack to generate an image.. . ... Shell Oil Company

01/29/15 / #20150027560

Gasification reactor

A gasification reactor comprising a gasifier with a tubular gastight wall arranged within a pressure vessel. The gasification reactor comprises one or more pressure responsive devices comprising a sleeve with a cooled section extending outwardly from an opening in the gastight wall. ... Shell Oil Company

01/22/15 / #20150024979

Low viscosity lubricant compositions

. . Lubricant formulations are provided having a base oil blend, the base oil blend having a first fischer-tropsch derived base oil having a kinematic viscosity at 100° c. Of between 2.5 and 3.5 cst and a second fischer-tropsch derived base oil having a kinematic viscosity at 100° c. ... Shell Oil Company

01/22/15 / #20150021094

Dual motor systems and non-rotating sensors for use in developing wellbores in subsurface formations

A method for forming a subsurface wellbore is disclosed. The method includes operating a drilling string in a first direction of rotation. ... Shell Oil Company

01/15/15 / #20150018591

Method of converting oxygenates to olefins

A method of converting an oxygenate comprising feedstock to olefins comprising: feeding an oxygenate comprising feedstock into a reactor containing an oxygenate to olefins conversion catalyst; contacting the feedstock with the catalyst at oxygenate conversion conditions to produce olefins; removing an effluent comprising the olefins from the reactor; passing the effluent through a compression section to form a compressed effluent; and adding methane to the compression section.. . ... Shell Oil Company

01/15/15 / #20150017024

Method of controlling an electric submersible pump

A method of controlling an electric submersible pump, comprising: a) monitoring the pressure at the suction and discharge of the pump; b) calculating the pressure difference between the discharge and suction pressure; and c) controlling the pump to maintain a constant pressure difference between the discharge and suction pressure.. . ... Shell Oil Company

01/15/15 / #20150014989

Connector assembly

The invention provides a connector assembly for interconnecting tubular elements. The connector assembly comprises at least one pin member, at least one box member, and for each box member a respective coating layer. ... Shell Oil Company

01/08/15 / #20150011663

Process for preparing a paraffin product

The invention relates to a process for preparing a paraffin product from a carbonaceous feedstock comprising (a) partial oxidation of the carbonaceous feedstock to obtain a mixture comprising hydrogen and carbon monoxide, (b) performing a fischer-tropsch reaction using the mixture as obtained in step (a) and recovering an off-gas from the fischer-tropsch reaction and a paraffin product, (c) hydrogenating at least a part of the off-gas from the fischer-tropsch reaction using a steam/off-gas mol ratio in the range of between 0.5 and 1.5 and a catalyst comprising copper and zinc, followed by a conversion step (d) using a nickel based catalyst, and (e) preparing a hydrogen comprising gas from at least a part of the off-gas from the fischer-tropsch reaction.. . ... Shell Oil Company

01/08/15 / #20150008159

Separation of selected asphaltenes from a hydrocarbon-containing feedstock

Toluene-insoluble hydrocarbon-containing compounds are selectively separated from a hydrocarbon-containing feedstock containing at least 5 wt. % n-heptane insoluble hydrocarbon-containing materials, wherein at least 10 wt. ... Shell Oil Company

01/01/15 / #20150005207

Systems and methods for producing dimethyl sulfide from gasified coke

Petroleum coke or coal coke is gasified to produce a gas stream containing carbon monoxide, hydrogen, hydrogen sulfide, and optionally ammonia, carbon dioxide, water, and nitrogen. Carbon monoxide, hydrogen, and hydrogen sulfide, and optionally ammonia, carbon dioxide, water, and nitrogen are separated from the gas stream. ... Shell Oil Company

01/01/15 / #20150000929

Method for producing hydrocarbon gas from a wellbore and valve assembly

The present invention provides a method for producing hydrocarbon gas from a wellbore and a control valve assembly for said wellbore. The wellbore comprises a wellhead, a production zone, a production tubing, and a velocity string installed inside the production tubing. ... Shell Oil Company

01/01/15 / #20150000915

Remediation of asphaltene-induced plugging of wellbores and production lines

A method of treating a wellbore penetrating a subterranean formation comprising: providing an asphaltene solvent, wherein the asphaltene solvent comprises at least 75 mol % dimethyl sulfide and introducing the asphaltene solvent into the wellbore. . ... Shell Oil Company

01/01/15 / #20150000907

Systems and methods for producing dimethyl sulfide from sour gas

Dimethyl sulfide is produced from sour gas. The dimethyl sulfide is utilized in an oil recovery formulation introduced into a petroleum-bearing formation to enhance recovery of petroleum from the formation.. ... Shell Oil Company








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