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Shell Oil Company patents (2017 archive)


Recent patent applications related to Shell Oil Company. Shell Oil Company is listed as an Agent/Assignee. Note: Shell Oil Company may have other listings under different names/spellings. We're not affiliated with Shell Oil Company, we're just tracking patents.

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Method of and system for creating a seismic profile

. . . . . . A seismic source (50) is buried in a multi-layered subsurface formation below a fast layer (30) and above a reflecting interface (10). The seismic source (50) excites a critically refracted (cr) wave that travels laterally along a fast layer bottom interface (35), and emanates downwardly into a slow layer (40) that is below and adjacent to the fast layer (30). ... Shell Oil Company

Detecting broadside acoustic signals with a fiber optical distributed acoustic sensing (das) assembly

A distributed fiber optic acoustic sensing system comprises an elongate body having an outer surface, an optical fiber disposed on the outer surface at a first predetermined wrap angle, and light transmitting and receiving means optically connected to the fiber for. The elongate body may include at least one substantially flat face, and/or a layer of swellable elastomer surrounding the body, and/or an outer elastomeric tube surrounding the elastomer layer. ... Shell Oil Company

Method of preparing oxalic acid

The present invention provides a method of preparing oxalic acid (h2c2o4), the method at least comprising the steps of: (a) providing a metal formate (hco2m) containing stream, wherein the metal (m) of the metal formate (hco2m) is a monovalent metal selected from the group consisting of li, na, k, cs, rb and a mixture thereof; (b) heating the metal formate (hco2m) containing stream thereby obtaining a metal oxalate (m2c2o4) containing stream; (c) subjecting the metal oxalate (m2c2o4) containing stream to electrodialysis, thereby obtaining at least oxalic acid (m2c2o4) and a metal hydroxide (moh).. . ... Shell Oil Company

Lubricant composition inhibiting adsorption of alpha-olefin, and method and agent for inhibiting adsorption of alpha-olefin

A method for inhibiting adsorption of α-olefin in a lubricant composition to a metal surface is disclosed. The lubricant composition comprises any of oils of group iii, group iv and polyisobutylenes classified into group v according to the api base oil classification or a mixture thereof as a base oil, and the α-olefin coexisting in an amount of 1% by mass or less based on the total amount of the composition. ... Shell Oil Company

Use of composition comprising titanium or zirconium alkoxide or aryloxide in aromatic carbonate preparation process

The invention relates to a process for preparing an aromatic carbonate, comprising reacting a dialkyl carbonate or an alkyl aryl carbonate with an aryl alcohol or an alkyl aryl carbonate, resulting in an aromatic carbonate which is an alkyl aryl carbonate or a diaryl carbonate, wherein a composition comprising a titanium or zirconium alkoxide or aryloxide, wherein the alkoxy group in the titanium or zirconium alkoxide is a group of formula r-0˜ wherein r is an alkyl group having 1 to 4 carbon atoms and the aryloxy group in the titanium or zirconium aryloxide is a group of formula ar-0˜ wherein ar is an aryl group having 6 to 12 carbon atoms, and wherein the composition additionally comprises 0.1 to 50 wt. % of an alcohol, based on the total weight of the composition, is mixed with an alcohol or an organic carbonate, and the mixture thus obtained is contacted with said dialkyl carbonate or alkyl aryl carbonate and aryl alcohol or alkyl aryl carbonate to catalyze the preparation of the aromatic carbonate. ... Shell Oil Company

Pressure testing method and apparatus

The present disclosure provides a method for conducting a pressure test on an apparatus. The method may include selecting a maximum test pressure for the pressure test, providing a first volume of liquid in the enclosed space and estimating a volume of gas in the enclosed space. ... Shell Oil Company

System and method for positioning of tubular members

A system and method for positioning oilfield tubulars on a drilling floor (2), having an automated tubular handling system, to permit alignment and automated make up and break out of threading operations between a stationary tubular (8) and a moving tubular (34), utilizing image information from radially offset cameras (54, 56), processing the image information to recognize the tubulars within the image and develop position information for said tubulars, combining the position information from the two camera systems to develop three dimensional information for each of the tubulars, developing instructions for the automated tubular handling system to bring the stationary and moving tubulars into vertical alignment and lowering the moving tubular into threaded contact, and engaging an automated hydraulic torque wrench to make up the threaded connection.. . ... Shell Oil Company

Lubricating oil composition

Lubricating composition comprising (i) base oil and (ii) a verkade base compound having the formula (1): wherein r1, r2 and r3 are each independently selected from hydrogen and saturated or unsaturated, straight chain or branched, c1-c22 alkyl groups. The lubricating composition of the present invention exhibits improved base number retention and oxidative stability, particularly in the presence of a biofuel such as fatty acid alkyl ester.. ... Shell Oil Company

Process and composition for alkaline surfactant polymer flooding

A process and an oil recovery composition for producing oil from a formation utilizing an oil recovery formulation comprising a surfactant, an ammonia liquid, a chelating agent, a polymer, and water are provided.. . ... Shell Oil Company

Process for the separation of glycols

The invention provides a process for the separation of meg from a glycol stream comprising meg and 1,2-bdo, said process comprising the steps of: (a) providing the glycol stream and an azeotrope-forming agent to a distillation column, (b) subjecting the glycol stream and the azeotrope-forming agent to distillation at a distillation temperature and a distillation pressure; (c) obtaining a first overhead stream comprising an azeotrope of meg and the azeotrope-forming agent and a first bottoms stream comprising 1,2-bdo; and (d) subjecting the first overhead stream to phase separation in the presence of water to obtain an meg-rich aqueous stream and an azeotrope-forming agent rich stream, wherein the azeotrope-forming agent is an organic solvent that forms a homogeneous azeotrope with meg and does not form an azeotrope with 1,2-bdo at the distillation temperature and pressure.. . ... Shell Oil Company

Systems and methods for multi-dimensional geophysical data visualization

Example of systems and methods are provided for visualization of multi-dimensional geophysical data visualization. Combining several attributes from multi-dimensional geophysical data or seismic data using color modeling techniques provide for the interpretation of data more efficiently by a user. ... Shell Oil Company

Process to prepare a heavy paraffin wax

The present invention provides a paraffin wax having a congealing point according to astm d938 of at least 100° c. And a saybolt colour according to astm d156 of at least 25 cm.. ... Shell Oil Company

Process for liquid-liquid extraction of a blend of non-uniform oligomers and polymers

A process for liquid-liquid extraction of an oil-blend of non-uniform oligomeric and polymeric components comprising: (a) preselecting a desired molecular weight (mw) boundary between heavy and light components; (b) selecting an extractive solvent or an extractive mixture of solvents, which form essentially a single phase with the light components; (c) mixing the oil-blend and the extractive solvent or extractive mixture of solvents selected in step (b) at elevated temperature, which is at least at or above said fractionation temperature, and wherein the extractive solvent/mixture of solvents to oil-blend ratio is from 1:2 to 100:1; (d) allowing a phase split to form between the heavy components fraction and the light components/extractive solvent fraction at the fractionation temperature or at most 10° c. Below the fractionation temperature; (e) followed by separation of said fractions.. ... Shell Oil Company

Lubricating oil composition for internal combustion engines

A lubricating oil composition for internal combustion engines is disclosed. The composition exhibits a lower coefficient of friction and improved cleaning properties without causing a deterioration in thermal and oxidation stability.. ... Shell Oil Company

12/07/17 / #20170349515

Process for the production of n-butanol and 1,4-butanediol from furan

The present invention provides a process for the production of n-butanoland 1,4-butanediol, said process comprising contacting furan with hydrogen and water in the presence of a catalytic composition, comprising at least one element selected from those in groups 8, 9, 10 and 11 of the periodic table on a solid support comprising an amorphous or crystalline aluminosilicate in an acidic form, wherein the catalyst does not contain metals selected from those in groups 6 and 7 of the periodic table.. . ... Shell Oil Company

12/07/17 / #20170348677

Method for preparing a catalyst

The invention relates to a method for preparing a catalyst or catalyst precursor comprising a catalytically active material and a carrier material. The invention relates to a catalyst particle and catalyst precursor thereof obtainable by said method. ... Shell Oil Company

11/30/17 / #20170342209

Composition comprising titanium or zirconium alkoxide or aryloxide and use thereof

The invention relates to a composition comprising a titanium or zirconium alkoxide or aryloxide, wherein the alkoxy group in the titanium or zirconium alkoxide is a group of formula r-0− wherein r is an alkyl group having 1 to 4 carbon atoms and the aryloxy group in the titanium or zirconium aryloxide is a group of formula ar-0− wherein ar is an aryl group having 6 to 12 carbon atoms, and wherein the composition additionally comprises 0.1 to 50 wt. % of an organic carbonate, based on the total weight of the composition. ... Shell Oil Company

11/23/17 / #20170335225

Lubricating composition

Lubricating composition comprising (i) base oil and (ii) a metal-free phosphonate compound having the general formula p(═o)(r1)(or2)(or3) wherein r1, r2 and r3 are the same or different and each independently selected from a straight chain or branched, saturated or unsaturated, c4-c22 alkyl group. The lubricating composition of the present invention provides improved engine durability, improved wear and friction reduction, improved fuel economy and excellent oxidative stability.. ... Shell Oil Company

11/23/17 / #20170334816

Process for the separation of glycols

The invention provides a process for the separation of meg and 1,2-bdo from a first mixture comprising meg and 1,2-bdo, said process comprising the steps of: (i) providing said first mixture comprising meg and 1,2-bdo as a feed to a distillation column; (ii) providing a feed comprising glycerol to the distillation column above the first mixture; (iii) operating the distillation column at a temperature in the range of from 50 to 250° c. And a pressure in the range of from 0.1 to 400 kpa; (iv) removing a stream comprising meg and glycerol as a bottoms stream from the distillation column; and (v) (v) removing a stream comprising 1,2-bdo above the point at which the feed comprising glycerol is provided to the distillation column.. ... Shell Oil Company

11/16/17 / #20170328185

Expanding a tubular element in a wellbore

A system for radially expanding a tubular element (2) in an underground borehole (3) comprises an expansion string (16) extending into the tubular element (2) and including an expander (27) and a jack device (24) for pulling the expander (27) through the tubular element (2) so as to radially expand the tubular element (2). The jack device (24) is provided with an anchor (28) having at least one slip element (50) adapted to be radially moved against the inner surface of the tubular element (2). ... Shell Oil Company

11/16/17 / #20170328184

Method and system for installing a tubular element in a borehole

A radially expandable tubular element (1) is installed in an underground borehole by:—lowering the tubular element (1) into the borehole a work string (2) and an anchor tool (16) to which the tubular element (1) is connected via a dimple connection (32) to increase the weight carrying capacity of the anchor tool (16);—connecting an expander (14) to the work string (2) at a position below the anchor tool (16); and—radially expanding the tubular element (1) by pulling the expander (14) on the work string (2) through the tubular element (1).. . ... Shell Oil Company

11/16/17 / #20170328157

Anchor system and method for use in a wellbore

An anchoring system for anchoring a tool (24) in a downhole tubular element (2) comprises: an anchor (28) having a central body (40) connected to, or integrally formed with, the tool (24); a slip element (50) radially movable relative to the central body (32) between a retracted and an expanded position against the inner surface of the tubular element (2), a primary spring (56) for moving the slip element to the expanded position; a control device comprising a stop member (60) against which the slip element (50) is pushed by the primary spring (56); and a secondary spring (58) acting on the stop member (60) to move each slip element (50) to its retracted position.. . ... Shell Oil Company

11/16/17 / #20170327764

Lubricating oil composition for sliding glide surface

A lubricating oil composition for a sliding guide surface, which exhibits excellent low friction properties and extreme pressure properties so as to enable high precision machining in a machine tool, is disclosed.. . ... Shell Oil Company

11/16/17 / #20170327762

Lubricating oil composition for sliding glide surface

A lubricating oil composition for a sliding guide surface, which exhibits excellent low friction properties and extreme pressure properties so as to enable high precision machining in a machine tool, is disclosed.. . ... Shell Oil Company

11/16/17 / #20170327730

Hydrocarbon recovery composition and a method for use thereof

The invention relates to a hydrocarbon recovery composition comprising one or more internal olefin sulfonates and/or one or more alkoxylated alcohols and/or alkoxylated alcohol derivatives and a method of recovering hydrocarbons from a hydrocarbon formation comprising feeding a hydrocarbon recovery composition into the formation, allowing the hydrocarbon recovery composition to contact the formation for a period of time, and withdrawing a mixture of the hydrocarbon recovery composition and hydrocarbons from the formation.. . ... Shell Oil Company

11/16/17 / #20170327430

Process for preparing a sulphur-containing soil improver

A process for preparing an elemental sulphur-containing composition for use as a fertilizer and/or soil improver comprises wet milling elemental sulphur in a liquid to produce a micronized sulphur slurry for application to soil, and further comprises adding a preventive scavenging additive for fixating sulphur dioxide and hydrogen sulphide gases that are released downstream of the mill.. . ... Shell Oil Company

11/16/17 / #20170327374

Process for the preparation of syngas

The invention is directed to a process for the preparation of a syngas comprising hydrogen and carbon monoxide from a methane comprising gas, which process comprises the steps of: (a) reacting the methane comprising gas with an oxidising gas in an autothermal reformer to obtain a hot raw syngas comprising carbon monoxide and hydrogen; (b) cooling the hot raw syngas resulting from step (a) to obtain the syngas, wherein step (b) comprises cooling the hot raw syngas by indirect heat exchange against the methane comprising gas used in step (a) and wherein sulphur is added upstream of cooling step (b). The invention also relates to a process for the preparation of hydrocarbon products in which a feed syngas is prepared in the process as described above followed by a desulphurisation treatment and the desulphurised syngas is subsequently converted into hydrocarbon products in a fischer-tropsch process.. ... Shell Oil Company

11/09/17 / #20170321332

Process for producing liquid hydrogen

The invention relates to an integrated process for continuous production of liquid hydrogen, comprising (a) producing gaseous hydrogen by electrolysis; and (b) liquefying said gaseous hydrogen in a hydrogen liquefaction unit, which liquefaction unit is powered by energy essentially from renewable sources; and, (c) when additional power is needed, using electrical energy generated in a process in which electrical energy and hydrogen are co-generated by an integrated electrolysis process comprising: (d) electrolysing a metal salt or mixture of metal salts and water into the corresponding metal or metals, acid or acids, and oxygen (electricity storage phase), and (e) producing gaseous hydrogen and recovering electricity in a regeneration reaction of the metal (s) and acid(s) of step (d) (regeneration phase); wherein at least part of the gaseous hydrogen generated in step (e) is used in step (b) of the process.. . ... Shell Oil Company

11/09/17 / #20170321136

Fuel composition

Use of a liquid fuel composition comprising (a) a gasoline base fuel and (b) from 0.5 to 50% v/v of naphtha as a fuel for a spark ignition internal combustion engine, wherein the spark ignition internal combustion engine is comprised within the powertrain of a hybrid electric vehicle.. . ... Shell Oil Company

11/09/17 / #20170320842

Process for the production of 1,4-butanediol and tetrahydrofuran from furan

The present invention provides a process for the preparation of 1,4-butanediol and tetrahydrofuran said process comprising contacting furan with hydrogen and water in the presence of a supported catalytic composition comprising rhenium and palladium in a weight ratio of at least 1:1 and a total combined weight rhenium and palladium in the catalyst composition in the range of from 0.01 to 20 wt %.. . ... Shell Oil Company

10/26/17 / #20170307774

Seismic lineation mapping method and system

A method for seismic geological lineation mapping, wherein a seismic dataset is collected, with information about minor lineations generated by seismic dataset subtle structural geological features in an underground earth formation. Seismic attribute volumes are identified in the seismic dataset, relating to trace continuity, amplitude, frequency and phase. ... Shell Oil Company

10/26/17 / #20170306254

Fuel composition having low vapour pressure

A liquid fuel composition is provided that is suitable use in a spark ignition engine; the composition comprises a mixture of hydrocarbons and exhibits a vapour pressure of greater than around 25 kpa and below around 50 kpa. The composition provides improvements in fuel 5 economy particularly in hybrid electric vehicles that comprise a gasoline-powered internal combustion engine as part of the powertrain. ... Shell Oil Company

10/26/17 / #20170306250

Ebullated bed process for high conversion of heavy hydrocarbons with a low sediment yield

An ebullated bed process for the hydroconversion of heavy hydrocarbon feedstocks that provides for high conversion of the heavy hydrocarbon with a low sediment yield. The process uses for its catalyst bed an impregnated shaped ebullated bed catalyst having a low macroporosity and a geometry such that its characteristic cross section perimeter-to-cross sectional area is within a specifically defined range.. ... Shell Oil Company

10/26/17 / #20170306249

Method of operating an ebullated bed process to reduce sediment yield

An improved method of operating a conventional ebullated bed process for the hydroconversion of heavy hydrocarbon feedstocks so as to provide for low or reduced sediment content in the conversion product without the loss of hydrodesulfurization function.. . ... Shell Oil Company

10/26/17 / #20170306248

Ebullated bed process for high conversion of heavy hydrocarbons with a low sediment yield

An ebullated bed process for the hydroconversion of heavy hydrocarbon feedstocks that provides for high conversion of the heavy hydrocarbon with a low sediment yield. The process uses for its catalyst bed small particles of a specifically defined shaped hydroprocessing catalyst which is contacted with the heavy hydrocarbon feedstock under hydroconversion conditions and yields a hydrocarbon conversion having a relatively low sediment content.. ... Shell Oil Company

10/26/17 / #20170306182

Superhydrophobic compositions and coating process for the internal surface of tubular structures

A method for depositing a coating includes creating a vacuum within an interior volume of a tubular structure, wherein the tubular structure also includes an internal surface. Gas is supplied to the interior volume of the tubular structure, wherein the gas includes a plasma precursor in the gas phase. ... Shell Oil Company

10/26/17 / #20170305823

Process for reclaiming alcohols

A method of recovering an alcohol from an aqueous stream comprising: providing an aqueous stream comprising an alcohol; extracting at least a portion of the alcohol from the aqueous stream with a solvent to form an extracted solvent stream; extracting at least a portion of the solvent from the extracted solvent stream to form an extracted aqueous stream; and recovering at least a portion of the alcohol from the extracted aqueous stream.. . ... Shell Oil Company

10/12/17 / #20170292355

Process of recovering oil

A process of recovering oil from an oil-bearing formation which process comprises injecting a surfactant containing enhanced oil recovery formulation into the formation via an injection well and recovering oil and optionally gas via a recovery well which process comprises determining the apparent viscosity of the enhanced oil recovery formulation at various ratios of enhanced oil recovery formulation to oil wherein the highest apparent viscosity is at most 4 times the lowest apparent viscosity measured.. . ... Shell Oil Company

10/12/17 / #20170291119

Process and apparatus for the preparation of alkylene glycol

A process for the preparation of an alkylene glycol from an alkene is provided, along with an absorber apparatus. The process comprises: supplying a gas composition to an absorber comprising a column of vertically stacked trays, wherein each of the vertically stacked trays comprises: a perforated gas-liquid contacting member or members, a liquid inlet area, an outlet weir extending vertically above a surface of the tray at an opposite end of the tray from the liquid inlet area and having a height of at least 200 mm and at most 1500 mm, and a downcomer element which, in cooperation with an inner surface of a wall of the column, forms a downcomer for the passage of liquid downwardly to the liquid inlet area of an adjacent vertically stacked tray below, and allowing the gas composition to pass upwards through the alkylene oxide absorber.. ... Shell Oil Company

10/05/17 / #20170285204

Method and system for acquisition of seismic data

A method may include providing a sensor in a first wellbore segment, providing a sensor in a second wellbore segment, observing upgoing acoustic waves or downgoing acoustic waves with the sensors, and separating the upgoing acoustic waves and/or the downgoing acoustic waves from a total wavefield. The first wellbore segment and the second wellbore segment may be separated by a distance. ... Shell Oil Company

10/05/17 / #20170283709

Method for starting up a fischer tropsch process

The invention relates to a method to start up a fischer-tropsch process. A catalyst with a latent activity is used. ... Shell Oil Company

09/28/17 / #20170275555

Lubricating composition

A lubricating composition for use in the crankcase of an engine comprising (i) a base oil; (ii) one or more organo-molybdenum compounds at a level sufficient to provide from 100 to 1000 ppmw of molybdenum; and (iii) from 0.2 wt % to 5.0 wt %, by weight of the lubricating composition, of one or more organic polymeric friction reducing additives, wherein the one or more organic polymeric friction reducing additives has a molecular weight ranging from 1000 to 30000 daltons and is the reaction product of: a) a hydrophobic polymeric sub unit which comprises a hydrophobic polymer selected from polyolefins, polyacrylics and polystyrenyls; b) a hydrophilic polymeric sub unit which comprises a hydrophilic polymer selected from polyethers, polyesters, polyamides; c) optionally at least one backbone moiety capable of linking together polymeric sub units; and d) optionally a chain terminating group. The lubricating composition provides improvements in terms of reduced friction and wear, in addition to improved fuel economy performance.. ... Shell Oil Company

09/28/17 / #20170274360

High metals content hydrolysis catalyst for use in the catalytic reduction of sulfur contained in a gas stream, and a method of making and using such composition

Disclosed is a composition useful in the hydrolysis of sulfur compounds that are contained in a gas stream. The composition comprises a calcined co-mulled mixture of psuedoboehmite, a cobalt compound, and a molybdenum compound such that the composition comprises gamma-alumina, at least 7.5 wt. ... Shell Oil Company

09/21/17 / #20170267914

Alkoxylated alcohol composition and preparation of same

The invention relates to an alkoxylated alcohol composition, wherein the composition comprises an alkoxylated alcohol which is of the formula (i) formula (i) r—o—[po]x[eo]y—h wherein r is a hydrocarbyl group which has a weight average carbon number of from 5 to 32, po is a propylene oxide group, eo is an ethylene oxide group, x is the number of propylene oxide groups and is of from 0 to 40, y is the number of ethylene oxide groups and is of from 0 to 50, and the sum of x and y is of from 5 to 60; and wherein the composition additionally comprises a stabilizer which is a phenolic antioxidant. Further, the invention relates to a process for preparing said alkoxylated alcohol composition.. ... Shell Oil Company

09/14/17 / #20170260822

Methods and systems for drilling

A method of controlling a direction of drilling of the drill string used to form an opening in a subsurface formation, comprises varying a speed of the drill string during rotational drilling such that the drill string is at a first speed during a first portion of the rotational cycle and at a second speed during a second portion of the rotational cycle wherein the first speed is higher than the second speed, and wherein operating at the second speed in the second portion of the rotational cycle causes the drill string to change the direction of drilling.. . ... Shell Oil Company

09/07/17 / #20170256159

Suppressing nuisance alarms of a floating production, storage and offloading (fpso) surveillance system

A floating production, storage and offloading (fpso) surveillance system (7) is equipped with an adjustable alarm threshold that suppresses nuisance alarms if liquid level variations in fpso crude oil and/or other liquid storage tanks (6) monitored by the system do not exceed estimated oscillating liquid level variations due to oscillating motions of the fpso unit (1) during severe weather conditions.. . ... Shell Oil Company

09/07/17 / #20170254920

Chemically-selective imager for imaging fluid of a subsurface formation and method of using same

An imager and method for imaging fluid of a subsurface formation is disclosed. The imager includes a housing having a sidewall defining a passage to receive a core sample of the subsurface formation therethrough. ... Shell Oil Company

09/07/17 / #20170252728

Catalyst for alkane oxidative dehydrogenation and/or alkene oxidation

The invention relates to a process for treating a catalyst for alkane oxidative dehydrogenation and/or alkene oxidation, which catalyst is a mixed metal oxide catalyst containing molybdenum, vanadium and niobium, wherein the process comprises: contacting the catalyst with a gas mixture comprising an inert gas and oxygen (o2), wherein the amount of oxygen is of from 10 to less than 10,000 parts per million by volume (ppmv), based on the total volume of the gas mixture, at an elevated temperature.. . ... Shell Oil Company

08/31/17 / #20170248711

Integrated seismic monitoring system and method

An integrated seismic system and method for monitoring seismic parameters of a subsurface structure is provided. The integrated seismic system includes a base station; a plurality of mobile satellite nodes, each of the plurality of mobile satellite nodes having sensor stations for collecting seismic data from the subsurface structure; and a fiber optic cable extending from the base station to the plurality of mobile satellite nodes and operatively linking the plurality of mobile satellite nodes and the sensor stations; the base station comprising: a light source for sending a light through the fiber optic cable, the light being distributed to the sensor stations and, in the sensor stations, experiencing a change or phase shift related to a physical property being measured; and a seismic acquisition unit for receiving seismic signals from the plurality of mobile satellite nodes via the fiber optic cable and generating seismic parameters therefrom.. ... Shell Oil Company

08/31/17 / #20170248418

Method of detecting flow line deposits using gamma ray densitometry

A method of measuring a flow line deposit comprising: providing a pipe comprising the flow line deposit; measuring unattenuated photon counts across the pipe; and analyzing the measured unattenuated photon counts to determine the thickness of the flow line deposit and associated systems.. . ... Shell Oil Company

08/31/17 / #20170247604

Process for oil recovery

A process for recovering oil and gas from an underground formation by injecting an ammonia containing enhanced oil recovery formulation into the oil-bearing formation, which process comprises (i) reacting steam with methane containing gas, (ii) combining the reaction mixture obtained with further steam, (iii) removing carbon dioxide to obtain hydrogen, (iv) reacting at least part of the hydrogen with nitrogen, (v) separating off ammonia, (vi) mixing ammonia with water and injecting it into the underground formation, (vii) recovering oil and gas, (viii) separating methane from the fluid recovered from the recovery well, (ix) removing sulfur compounds, and (ix) using in step (i) the methane obtained in step (viii).. . ... Shell Oil Company

08/31/17 / #20170247603

Method of treating a hydrocarbon containing formation

The invention relates to a method of treating a hydrocarbon containing formation, comprising: a) providing an aqueous composition which comprises i) an internal olefin sulfonate (ios) surfactant; ii) an acid which has a pka between 4 and 12; and iii) the conjugate base of the acid mentioned under ii), to at least a portion of the hydrocarbon containing formation, by combining the aqueous composition with a hydrocarbon removal fluid to produce an injectable fluid, wherein the hydrocarbon removal fluid comprises 1) water and 2) divalent cations in a concentration of 50 or more parts per million by weight (ppmw), and injecting the injectable fluid into the hydrocarbon containing formation; and b) allowing the surfactant from the injectable fluid to interact with the hydrocarbons in the hydrocarbon containing formation.. . ... Shell Oil Company

08/31/17 / #20170246590

Process for removing nitrous oxide from a gas stream

A process for the removal of nitrous oxide from a gas stream having a contaminating concentration of nitrous oxide to provide a gas stream with a significantly reduced concentration of nitrous oxide is described. The process includes the use of a process system having multiple n2o decomposition reactors each of which contain a nitrous oxide decomposition catalyst and heat transfer units each of which contain a heat sink media that are operatively connected in a particular order and arrangement for use in the process. ... Shell Oil Company

08/31/17 / #20170246589

Process for removing nitrous oxide from a gas stream

A process for the removal of nitrous oxide from a gas stream having a contaminating concentration of nitrous oxide to provide a gas stream with a significantly reduced concentration of nitrous oxide is described. The process includes the use of a process system having multiple n2o decomposition reactors each of which contain a nitrous oxide decomposition catalyst and heat transfer units each of which contain a heat sink media that are operatively connected in a particular order and arrangement for use in the process. ... Shell Oil Company

08/24/17 / #20170240518

Process for preparing furfural from biomass

Furfural is produced from biomass material containing pentosan, in high yields, in a production process comprising treating the biomass with a solution containing at least one α-hydroxysulfonic acid thereby hydrolyzing the biomass to produce a product stream containing at least one c5-carbohydrate compound in monomeric and/or oligomeric form, and dehydrating the c5-carbohydrate compound in the presence of an acid, in a biphasic reaction medium comprising an aqueous phase and a water-immiscible organic phase, at a temperature in the range of from about 100° c. To about 250° c. ... Shell Oil Company

08/24/17 / #20170240491

Process for the conversion of saccharide-containing feedstock

The invention provides a process for the catalytic conversion of a saccharide-containing feedstock in a reactor, wherein saccharide-containing feedstock is provided to the reactor as a feed stream through a feed pipe and is contacted with a catalyst system in the reactor and wherein, as the saccharide-containing feedstock is fed through the feed pipe, a solvent stream, initially comprising essentially no saccharide, is fed along the internal walls of the feed pipe.. . ... Shell Oil Company

08/17/17 / #20170233662

Saturator and method for reusing water from a fischer-tropsch reactor

The present invention relates to a saturator. The present invention further relates to a method for reusing a waste water stream from a fischer-tropsch reactor. ... Shell Oil Company

08/17/17 / #20170233362

One-step production of furfural from biomass

Methods and processes for the production of valuable organic products and alcohols from biomass using a single-step dehydration extraction process having numerous advantages over prior production methods are described.. . ... Shell Oil Company

08/17/17 / #20170233361

Process for the manufacture of furural and furfural derivatives

The present invention provides a process for preparing furfural and furfural derivatives using a furfural-derived solvent.. . ... Shell Oil Company

08/17/17 / #20170233360

Closed-loop production of furfural from biomass

Methods and processes for the production of valuable organic products and alcohols from biomass material using a closed-loop process having numerous advantages over prior production methods are described. In the process, the biomass is subjected to acid-catalyzed digestion, followed by a separation of the digestion product stream into a solid product stream and a liquid product stream, the liquid product stream thereafter undergoing acid-catalyzed dehydration in the presence of an organic solvent, and thereafter separating the organic products in the organic layer from the aqueous layer. ... Shell Oil Company

08/10/17 / #20170226831

Downhole lift gas injection system

A downhole lift gas injection valve is retrievably connected to a downhole hanger device from which a lift gas injection conduit is suspended within a production tubing of a hydrocarbon fluid production well, wherein the valve receives the lift gas from an annular space surrounding the tubing via a side inlet in the production tubing and a tubular packer device is retrievably connected to an upper end of the hanger device to seal the side inlet from a space in the production tubing above the packer device.. . ... Shell Oil Company

08/10/17 / #20170226828

Assembly and method for creating an expanded tubular element in a borehole

In an assembly for lowering and expanding a tubular element in a borehole on an expansion string, at least part of the weight of the tubular element is transmitted to the expansion string via an internal upset and support means protruding from an outer surface of the expansion string below the internal upset.. . ... Shell Oil Company

08/10/17 / #20170226443

Lubricating oil composition

A lubricating oil composition for automotive transmissions is disclosed. It offers an automotive transmission (especially a fuel-saving type) which satisfies all requirements as regards the properties of resistance to churning, maintenance of the oil film and low-temperature viscosity. ... Shell Oil Company

08/10/17 / #20170226076

Process for preparing furfural from biomass

Furfural is produced from biomass material containing pentosan, in high yields, in a production process comprising treating the biomass with a solution containing at least one α-hydroxysulfonic acid thereby hydrolyzing the biomass to produce a product stream containing at least one c5-carbohydrate compound in monomeric and/or oligomeric form, and dehydrating the c5-carbohydrate compound in the presence of a heterogeneous solid acid catalyst, in a biphasic reaction medium comprising an aqueous phase and a water-immiscible organic phase, at a temperature in the range of from about 100° c. To about 250° c. ... Shell Oil Company

08/03/17 / #20170218717

Kinetic shear ram

The present disclosure relates to a blowout preventer having a body and a kinetic shear ram disposed within the body, and associated systems and methods.. . ... Shell Oil Company

08/03/17 / #20170218282

Process for preparing a high purity fischer-tropsch gasoil fraction

The present invention provides a process for preparing fischer-tropsch gasoil fraction, comprising: a) providing a fischer-tropsch-derived gasoil feedstock containing one or more contaminants; b) providing the fischer-tropsch-derived gasoil feedstock to a pretreatment zone to be pretreated to remove at least part of the one or more contaminants in the fischer-tropsch-derived gasoil feedstock; c) retrieving from the pretreatment zone a purified fischer-tropsch gasoil, which purified fischer-tropsch gasoil is contaminant-depleted with respect to the fischer-tropsch-derived gasoil feedstock; and d) providing the purified fischer-tropsch gasoil to fractionation zone and fractionating the purified fischer-tropsch gasoil into two or more high purity fischer-tropsch gasoil fractions. The invention further provides for the use of the purified fischer-tropsch gasoil fraction.. ... Shell Oil Company

08/03/17 / #20170218280

Fischer-tropsch catalysts

The invention relates to the preparation of a fischer-tropsch catalyst support and of a fischer-tropsch catalyst. A silica comprising support is subjected to hydrothermal treatment. ... Shell Oil Company

07/27/17 / #20170212061

Methods of detecting flow line deposits using gamma ray densitometry

A method of measuring a flow line deposit comprising: providing a pipe comprising the flow line deposit; measuring unattenuated photon counts across the pipe; and analyzing the measured unattenuated photon counts to determine the thickness of the flow line deposit and associated systems.. . ... Shell Oil Company

07/27/17 / #20170211370

Method and system for transmitting information in a jet drilling system

An abrasive jet drilling system is employed for transmitting information from a downhole location to a surface location. A jet drilling system is provided, with a drill string extending from surface to a downhole location in a borehole. ... Shell Oil Company

07/27/17 / #20170210997

Hydrocarbon condensate stabilizer and a method for producing a stabilized hydrocarbon condenstate stream

A mixed phase unstabilized hydrocarbon stream is created by partially evaporating an unstabilized hydrocarbon condensate stream, including indirectly heat exchanging the unstabilized hydrocarbon condensate stream against an effluent stream in a feed-effluent heat exchanger. The mixed phase unstabilized hydrocarbon stream is fed into a stabilizer column. ... Shell Oil Company

07/27/17 / #20170210675

Process for preparing a urea-sulphur fertiliser

A process for the manufacture of a urea-sulphur fertiliser composition, the process comprising providing feeds comprising elemental sulphur, urea, and optionally a surfactant, such as a multifunctional ionic surfactant; merging the feeds in order to obtain a combined feed; passing the combined feed through a mixing stage in order to obtain a mixed feed; and passing the mixed feed through a processing stage in order to obtain the urea-sulphur fertiliser composition. Compositions obtained by the process are also provided.. ... Shell Oil Company

07/20/17 / #20170204683

Low break out safety joint and method for releasably connecting a tubing expansion assembly to a drill string

A low break out screw threaded safety joint for releasably connecting a bottom hole assembly (bha) of a well tubular expansion assembly to a drill string comprises a pair of intermeshing toothed mate (toma) rings (24) with intermeshing sawtooth profiles (25,26) teethed profiles that have a low break out performance upon reverse rotation of the drill string relative to the bha, which may be stuck within the wellbore.. . ... Shell Oil Company

07/13/17 / #20170198550

Injector fill displacement tubes

A well bore system comprising: a well bore (110); a tubular (130) disposed within the well bore (110), wherein the tubular (130) and the well bore (110) define an annulus; a first conduit (140) disposed within the tubular (130); and a second conduit (160) disposed within the annulus and associated methods.. . ... Shell Oil Company

07/13/17 / #20170198549

Hydraulic lock compensating dummy valve

A dummy valve comprising a housing and a rupture disc disposed within the housing, wherein the housing and the rupture disc define a first internal chamber and associated systems and methods.. . ... Shell Oil Company

07/13/17 / #20170198224

Fischer-tropsch gasoil fraction

The present invention provides a fischer-tropsch gasoil fraction having: (a) an initial boiling point of at least 220° c.; (b) a final boiling point of at most 360° c.; (c) a kinematic viscosity at 25° c. According to astm d445 of from 3.8 to 4.4 cst; and (d) of a flash point according to astm d93 of at least 100° c. ... Shell Oil Company

07/13/17 / #20170198222

Process for producing hydrocarbons

A process for converting biomass to products is described. Biomasss is contacted with hydrogen in the presence of a fluidized bed of hydropyrolysis catalyst in a reactor vessel under hydropyrolysis conditions; and products and char are removed from the reactor vessel. ... Shell Oil Company

07/06/17 / #20170191748

A hydrocarbon condensate stabilizer and a method for producing a stabilized hydrocarbon condenstate stream

A mixed phase pressurized unstabilized hydrocarbon stream is fed into a stabilizer column at a feed pressure. A liquid phase of stabilized hydrocarbon condensate is discharged from a bottom end of the stabilizer column, while a vapour phase of volatile components from the pressurized unstabilized hydrocarbon condensate stream is discharged from a top end of the stabilizer column. ... Shell Oil Company

07/06/17 / #20170191007

Fischer-tropsch gasoil fraction

The present invention provides a fischer-tropsch gasoil fraction having an initial boiling point of at least 165° c. And a final boiling point of at most 220° c. ... Shell Oil Company

07/06/17 / #20170190989

Fischer-tropsch gasoil fraction

The present invention provides a fischer-tropsch gasoil fraction having an initial boiling point of at least 175° c. And a final boiling point of at most 285° c. ... Shell Oil Company

07/06/17 / #20170190981

Fischer-tropsch gasoil fraction

The present invention provides a fischer-tropsch gasoil fraction having: (a) an initial boiling point of at least 250° c.; (b) a final boiling point of at most 350° c.; (c) a kinematic viscosity at 25° c. According to astm d445 of from 4.0 to 4.6 cst; and (d) a flash point according to astm d93 of at least 117° c. ... Shell Oil Company

07/06/17 / #20170190980

Fischer-tropsch derived gasoil fraction

The present invention provides a fischer-tropsch gasoil fraction having an initial boiling point of at least 160° c. And a final boiling point of at most 215° c. ... Shell Oil Company

07/06/17 / #20170190979

Fischer-tropsch gasoil fraction

The present invention provides a fischer-tropsch gasoil fraction having an initial boiling point of at least 200° c. And a final boiling point of at most 300° c. ... Shell Oil Company

07/06/17 / #20170190924

Fischer-tropsch gasoil fraction

The present invention provides a fischer-tropsch gasoil fraction having an initial boiling point of at least 210° c. And a final boiling point of at most 320° c. ... Shell Oil Company

06/29/17 / #20170183559

Method for predicting the optimal salinity of internal olefin sulfonate compositions

The present invention provides a method for predicting the optimal salinity of individual members of a class of internal olefin sulfonate compositions in a mixture containing the individual member, a brine and hydrocarbons, wherein the internal olefin sulfonate compositions comprise a mixture containing hydroxy alkane sulfonates and alkene sulfonates. The invention further provides use of the weight ratio of hydroxy alkane sulfonates to alkene sulfonates in an internal olefin sulfonate composition to predict the optimal salinity of the surfactant composition in a mixture of the surfactant composition, a brine and an oil.. ... Shell Oil Company

06/29/17 / #20170182483

Process for the preparation of a catalyst support

Process for preparing a catalyst support which process comprises a) mixing pentasil zeolite having a bulk silica to alumina molar ratio in the range of from 20 to 150 with water, a silica source and an alkali metal salt, b) extruding the mixture obtained in step (a), c) drying and calcining the extrudates obtained in step (b), d) subjecting the calcined extrudates obtained in step (c) to ion exchange to reduce the alkali metal content, and e) drying the extrudates obtained in step (d); process for preparing a catalyst by furthermore impregnating such support with platinum in an amount in the range of from 0.001 to 0.1 wt % and tin in an amount in the range of from 0.01 to 0.5 wt %, each on the basis of total catalyst; ethylbenzene dealkylation catalyst obtainable thereby and a process for dealkylation of ethylbenzene which process comprises contacting feedstock containing ethylbenzene with such catalyst.. . ... Shell Oil Company

06/22/17 / #20170176368

Apparatus to measure conductivity of non-aqueous liquids at variable temperatures and applied voltages

A conductivity measurement apparatus for measuring the conductivity of a non-aqueous sample. The conductivity measurement apparatus includes a conductivity cell which contains the sample and which is disposed within a heater block which can control the temperature of the sample and a pressure vessel which can control the surrounding pressure for the conductivity cell. ... Shell Oil Company

06/22/17 / #20170176367

Apparatus to measure conductivity of non-aqueous liquids at variable temperatures and applied voltages

A conductivity meter for measuring the conductivity of a sample of non-aqueous liquid. The conductivity meter includes a conductivity cell which contains the sample and which is disposed within a heater block which can control the temperature of the sample and a pressure vessel which can control the surrounding pressure for the conductivity cell. ... Shell Oil Company

06/22/17 / #20170175037

Alcohol composition and derivatives thereof

The invention provides a composition comprising a mixture of pentadecanols wherein at least about 60 wt % of the mixture is linear pentadecanol and at least about 10 wt % of the mixture is branched pentadecanols wherein the branched pentadecanols have branching on the second carbon atom. The mixture of pentadecanols may be converted to one or more derivatives, and these derivatives may be used in laundry detergents, cleaning products or as an agricultural adjuvant, an emulsifying agent, a lubricant additive, a pour point depressant, or a personal care ingredient.. ... Shell Oil Company

06/22/17 / #20170175026

Alcohol composition and derivatives thereof

The invention provides a composition comprising a mixture of tridecanols wherein at least about 60 wt % of the mixture is linear tridecanol and at least about 10 wt % of the mixture is branched tridecanols wherein the branched tridecanols have branching on the second carbon atom. The mixture of tridecanols may be converted to one or more derivatives, and these derivatives may be used in laundry detergents, cleaning products or as an agricultural adjuvant, an emulsifying agent, a lubricant additive, a pour point depressant, or a personal care ingredient.. ... Shell Oil Company

06/22/17 / #20170175019

Methods of providing higher quality liquid kerosene based-propulsion fuels

By blending a quantity of synthetic cyclo-paraffinic kerosene fuel blending component comprising at least 99.5 mass % of carbon and hydrogen content and at least 50 mass % of cyclo-paraffin into kerosene base fuel, kerosene based-propulsion fuels can be upgraded to higher quality kerosene based-propulsion fuels such as jet fuel or rocket fuel to meet certain specification and/or increase volumetric energy content of the propulsion fuel.. . ... Shell Oil Company

06/22/17 / #20170175018

Process for conversion of a cellulosic material

A process for the high temperature conversion of a cellulosic material into a bio-oil, wherein, under hydrogen atmosphere and in the presence of a catalyst, the cellulosic material is contacted in a reaction vessel with a liquid solvent, wherein water is present from 5% up to 80 wt %, based on the total amount of cellulosic material and liquid solvent present in the vessel, at an a controlled operating pressure of from equal to or more than 2.0 mpa to equal to or less than 13.0 mpa, wherein the partial hydrogen pressure contributes from equal to or more than 1.0 mpa to equal to or less than 6.0 mpa, and the total vapour pressure being lower than the autogenous pressure at the operating temperature and contributing in the range of from equal to or more than 1.0 mpa to equal to or less than 7.0 mpa, to produce a product mixture comprising bio-oil.. . ... Shell Oil Company

06/22/17 / #20170174596

Process for the separation of monoethylene glycol and 1,2-butanediol

The invention provides a process for separating monoethylene glycol from a mixture comprising monoethylene glycol and 1,2-butanediol, said process comprising the steps of: a. Providing a first stream comprising monoethylene glycol and 1,2-butanediol to a first distillation zone operated at a first pressure and under conditions to remove a first bottoms stream comprising 1,2-butanediol and to remove a first azeotrope of monoethylene glycol and 1,2-butanediol from the first distillation zone as a first overheads stream; b. ... Shell Oil Company

06/22/17 / #20170173547

Tray support insers for chemical reactor vessels and methods of use

A tray support insert and method of use for supporting one or more trays within a reactor chamber. The tray support insert includes at least one annular member which rests upon a support shoulder within the reactor chamber.. ... Shell Oil Company

06/15/17 / #20170171918

Forming insulated conductors using a final reduction step after heat treating

A method for forming an insulated conductor heater with a final cross-sectional area includes reducing a cross-sectional area of an insulated conductor assembly to form an insulated conductor heater with a final cross-sectional area. The insulated conductor assembly may have been previously treated with at least one combination of a cold working step and a heat treating step. ... Shell Oil Company

06/15/17 / #20170166804

Method, system, and composition for producing oil

A method, system, and composition for producing oil from a formation utilizing an oil recovery formulation comprising a surfactant, an ammonia liquid, an alkali metal carbonate or bicarbonate, a polymer, and water are provided.. . ... Shell Oil Company

06/15/17 / #20170166803

Enhanced oil recovery

Process for enhanced oil recovery which process comprises (a) combining expandable polymer with water having a total dissolved solids content of from 1,000 to 20,000 ppm to obtain an aqueous polymer mixture, (b) injecting the aqueous polymer mixture into an oil-containing formation, and (c) recovering oil from the oil containing formation.. . ... Shell Oil Company

06/15/17 / #20170166502

Method of extending biomass conversion catalyst life

A method of extending the catalyst life of a hydrogenolysis catalyst activity in the presence of biomass and aqueous solution is described. Lignocellulosic biomass solids and aqueous solution is provided to in a hydrothermal digestion unit in the presence of a digestive solvent, and a supported hydrogenolysis catalyst containing (a) sulfur, (b) mo or w, and (c) co, ni or mixture thereof, incorporated into a solid metal oxide support. ... Shell Oil Company

06/15/17 / #20170166444

A method for producing a syngas stream

The present invention provides a method for producing a syngas stream, the method at least comprising the steps of: (a) providing a hydrocarbon-containing stream; (b) providing a reactor containing a heated mass of solids at a temperature of at least 1000° c.; (c) cracking the hydrocarbon-containing stream provided in step (a) in the reactor containing the heated mass of solids provided in step (b), thereby at least obtaining c and h2; (d) removing an h2-containing stream from the reactor; (e) converting the c obtained in step (c) in the reactor at an h2o/co2 vol. % feed ratio of greater than zero, thereby obtaining a co/h2-containing stream; (f) removing the co/h2-containing stream from the reactor; (g) combining the h2-containing stream removed in step (d) with the co/h2-containing stream removed in step (f) thereby obtaining a syngas stream.. ... Shell Oil Company

06/08/17 / #20170157601

Isomerization catalyst

Paraffin isomerization catalyst comprising of from 0.01 to 5 wt. % of a group viii noble metal on a carrier containing alumina and zeolite beta having a silica to alumina molar ratio (sar) of from 5 to 15 and process employing such catalyst for isomerization of a hydrocarbon feed containing paraffins having of from 4 to 8 carbon atoms.. ... Shell Oil Company

06/01/17 / #20170152237

Process for the production of furan and its derivatives

The present invention provides a process for the treatment of a liquid first furan stream comprising furan and carbon monoxide, said process comprising the steps of: i) contacting said first furan stream with a co-lean first gaseous stream; and ii) stripping at least a portion of the carbon monoxide in the first furan stream into the first gaseous stream to produce a second furan stream comprising less carbon monoxide than the first furan stream and a co-enriched second gaseous stream.. . ... Shell Oil Company

05/18/17 / #20170139147

Interconnecting optical fibers at a hydrocarbon fluid production facility

A cost efficient and pressure resistant system for interconnecting fiber optical cables in-situ at a hydrocarbon fluid production facility comprises:—a pressure resistant light transparent window (41);—a first lens system (48a-c), which is arranged at one side of the window and configured to convert a first light beam transmitted through a first fiber optical cable (46a-c) into a collimated light beam (51a-c) that is transmitted through the window; and—a second lens system (50a-c), which is arranged at an opposite side of the window and configured to receive and re-convert the collimated light beam into a second light beam that is transmitted into a second fiber optical cable (47a-c).. . ... Shell Oil Company

05/18/17 / #20170137723

Process for preparing a high purity fischer-tropsch gasoil fraction

The present invention provides a process for preparing a high purity fischer-tropsch gasoil fraction, comprising: a) providing a fischer-tropsch-derived gasoil feedstock comprising one or more contaminants; b) providing the fischer-tropsch-derived gasoil feedstock to a fractionation zone and fractionating the fischer-tropsch-derived gasoil feedstock into two or more fischer-tropsch gasoil fractions having a different boiling point range, wherein at least one fischer-tropsch gasoil fraction is a contaminant-enriched fischer-tropsch gasoil fraction, which is enriched in one or more contaminants with respect to the feedstock; c) providing the contaminant-enriched fischer-tropsch gasoil fraction to an absorption zone comprising at least one absorbent material and contacting the contaminant-enriched fischer-tropsch gasoil fraction with the absorbent material to absorb at least part of contaminant; and d) retrieving from the absorption zone a purified fischer-tropsch gasoil fraction, which is contaminant-depleted. The invention further provides for further processes for preparing a high purity fischer-tropsch gasoil fraction and the use of the purified fischer-tropsch gasoil fraction.. ... Shell Oil Company

05/18/17 / #20170137395

Process for the production of furan and its derivatives

The present invention provides a process for the production of furan, said process comprising the steps of: i) contacting furfural with a decarbonylation catalyst in a decarbonylation reactor to produce a gaseous decarbonylation reaction product stream comprising furan and carbon monoxide; ii) contacting said gaseous decarbonylation reaction product stream with a solvent stream comprising furfural; iii) absorbing at least a portion of the furan present in the gaseous decarbonylation reaction product stream into the solvent stream to provide a furan-containing solvent stream and a gaseous stream comprising carbon monoxide; iv) separating the furan from the furan containing solvent stream by distillation to provide a first furan stream; and v) using at least a portion of the remaining solvent stream comprising furfural as at least a portion of the furfural provided to the decarbonylation reactor.. . ... Shell Oil Company

05/18/17 / #20170137348

Alkane oxidative dehydrogenation and/or alkene oxidation

The invention relates to a process of the oxidative dehydrogenation of an alkane containing 2 to 6 carbon atoms and/or the oxidation of an alkene containing 2 to 6 carbon atoms, comprising contacting a first gas stream comprising methane, an inert gas or oxygen or any combination of two or more of these, wherein the first gas stream comprises 0 to 2 vol. % of the alkane containing 2 to 6 carbon atoms and/or alkene containing 2 to 6 carbon atoms, with a mixed metal oxide catalyst containing molybdenum, vanadium, niobium and optionally tellurium; followed by contacting a second gas stream comprising oxygen and the alkane containing 2 to 6 carbon atoms and/or the alkene containing 2 to 6 carbon atoms with the catalyst.. ... Shell Oil Company

05/18/17 / #20170137347

Alkane oxidative dehydrogenation and/or alkene oxidation

The invention relates to a process of the oxidative dehydrogenation of an alkane containing 2 to 6 carbon atoms and/or the oxidation of an alkene containing 2 to 6 carbon atoms, comprising contacting a first gas stream comprising oxygen and the alkane containing 2 to 6 carbon atoms and/or the alkene containing 2 to 6 carbon atoms with a mixed metal oxide catalyst containing molybdenum, vanadium, niobium and optionally tellurium; followed by contacting a second gas stream comprising methane, an inert gas or oxygen or any combination of two or more of these with the catalyst, wherein the second gas stream comprises 0 to 25 vol. % of the alkane containing 2 to 6 carbon atoms and/or alkene containing 2 to 6 carbon atoms.. ... Shell Oil Company

05/18/17 / #20170136447

Treatment of a mixed metal oxide catalyst containing molybdenum, vanadium, niobium and optionally tellurium

The invention relates to a process for treatment of a mixed metal oxide catalyst containing molybdenum, vanadium, niobium and optionally tellurium, comprising contacting a gas stream comprising methane, an inert gas or oxygen or any combination of two or more of these with the catalyst, wherein said gas stream comprises 0 to 25 vol. % of an alkane containing 2 to 6 carbon atoms and/or alkene containing 2 to 6 carbon atoms.. ... Shell Oil Company

05/11/17 / #20170131026

Method and system for producing a pressurized and at least partially condensed mixture of hydrocarbons

A mixture of hydrocarbons in vapour phase is passed through a feed scrubber. Feed scrubber vapour discharged from the feed scrubber is passed to a compression suction scrubber, and a vaporous compressor feed stream from the compression suction scrubber is compressed in a compressor train. ... Shell Oil Company

05/11/17 / #20170130536

Shoe for a tubular element in a wellbore

A well casing or liner shoe (10) comprises a partially of fully openable central fluid channel (13) which is connected to at least one small width nozzle (46) and an additional large width fluid outlet (49), which is closed by a thin walled closure device arranged to open at a selected fluid overpressure in the fluid channel (13), and which has a flow area larger than each nozzle (46) to permit fluid circulation when the nozzles (46) are clogged and clearance of clogging debris through the additional large width additional fluid outlet (49).. . ... Shell Oil Company

05/11/17 / #20170130134

Conversion of solid biomass into a liquid hydrocarbon materials

The present invention provides a process for producing liquid hydrocarbon products from a solid biomass feedstock, said process comprising the steps of: a) providing in a first hydropyrolysis reactor vessel a first hydropyrolysis catalyst composition, said composition comprising one or more active metals selected from cobalt, molybdenum, nickel, tungsten, ruthenium, platinum, palladium, iridium and iron on an oxide support, wherein the one or more active metals are present in an oxidic state; b) contacting the solid biomass feedstock with said first hydropyrolysis catalyst composition and molecular hydrogen in said first hydropyrolysis reactor vessel at a temperature in the range of from 350 to 600° c. And a pressure in the range of from 0.50 to 7.50 mpa, to produce a product stream comprising partially deoxygenated hydropyrolysis product, h2o, h2, co2, co, c1-c3 gases, char and catalyst fines; c) removing said char and catalyst fines from said product stream; d) hydroconverting said partially deoxygenated hydropyrolysis product in a hydroconversion reactor vessel in the presence of one or more hydroconversion catalyst and of the h2o, co2, co, h2, and c1-c3 gas generated in step a), to produce a vapour phase product 25 comprising substantially fully deoxygenated hydrocarbon product, h2o, co, co2, and c1-c3 gases.. ... Shell Oil Company

05/11/17 / #20170128901

Easy clean catalyst filter basket

A catalyst filter basket for containing catalyst material within a catalytic chemical reactor. The catalyst filter basket includes a central frame having a base ring and a generally cylindrical inner screen portion which extends upwardly from the base ring. ... Shell Oil Company

05/04/17 / #20170122660

De-superheater system and compression system employing such de-superheater system, and method of producing a pressurized and at least partially condensed mixture of hydrocarbons

. . A compressed vaporous discharge stream is de-superheated in a de-superheater system. The de-superheater system comprises a de-superheater heat exchanger configured to bring at least a portion of the compressed vaporous discharge stream in indirect heat exchanging contact with an ambient stream. ... Shell Oil Company

05/04/17 / #20170122659

Process and apparatus for sweetening and liquefying a gas stream

A process and apparatus for liquefying a gas stream comprising hydrocarbons and sour species is provided in which the sour species are removed in liquefied form as the sweetened gas stream is progressively cooled to liquefaction temperatures. The process involves cooling the gas stream in a manner to produce a cooled gas stream comprising gaseous hydrocarbons and residual sour species. ... Shell Oil Company

05/04/17 / #20170121629

Defoaming agent and associated methods of use

Defoaming agents comprising a silicone oil and silica particulates, lubricating oil compositions comprising the defoaming agent, methods of lubrication using a lubricating oil composition comprising the defoaming agent, and methods of reducing the foaming tendency/stability and/or improving the air release rates of non-aqueous fluids, such as lubricant oils, are provided.. . ... Shell Oil Company

04/27/17 / #20170113983

Process for the oxidative dehydrogenation of ethane

. . The invention relates to a process for the oxidative dehydrogenation of ethane to ethylene, comprising a reaction step which comprises subjecting a gas stream comprising ethane and air to ethane oxidative dehydrogenation conditions resulting in a gas stream comprising nitrogen, ethane and ethylene; a sorption step which comprises contacting the gas stream comprising nitrogen, ethane and ethylene resulting from the reaction step with a sorption agent which has an affinity for nitrogen which is lower than that for ethane which in turn is lower than that for ethylene, resulting in sorption of ethylene and optionally ethane by the sorption agent and in a gas stream comprising nitrogen and optionally ethane; and a desorption step which comprises desorbing sorbed ethylene and optionally ethane resulting in a gas stream comprising ethylene and optionally ethane.. . ... Shell Oil Company

04/27/17 / #20170113982

Process for the oxidative dehydrogenation of ethane

The invention relates to a process for the oxidative dehydrogenation of ethane to ethylene which comprises subjecting a gas stream comprising one or more light components, ethane and ethylene, resulting from subjecting ethane and oxygen to ethane oxidative dehydrogenation conditions, to two consecutive sorption steps which comprise contacting said gas stream comprising one or more light components, ethane and ethylene with a selective sorption agent, resulting in sorption of part of said gas stream, comprising ethylene and ethane, by the sorption agent and in a gas stream comprising the remainder of said gas stream, comprising one or more light components and ethane, which latter gas stream is subjected to a second sorption step resulting in a further separation, finally resulting in a gas stream comprising ethane which is optionally recycled to the ethane oxidative dehydrogenation (reaction) step, wherein each sorption step is followed by a desorption step which comprises desorbing the sorbed components originating from the gas stream in question.. . ... Shell Oil Company

04/20/17 / #20170107102

Method for processing a gas mixture

The present invention relates to a process for processing a gas mixture comprising methane, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, hydrogen, nitrogen, argon and traces of olefins and oxygenates. Methane, carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide, and optionally hydrogen, can be recovered from the gas mixture in a very efficient way.. ... Shell Oil Company

04/20/17 / #20170106354

Catalyst

The fischer-tropsch process can be used for the conversion of hydrocarbonaceous feed stocks into normally liquid and/or solid hydrocarbons. The feed stock (e.g. ... Shell Oil Company

04/20/17 / #20170106327

Process for recovering methane from a gas stream comprising methane and ethylene

The invention relates to a process for recovering methane from a gas stream comprising methane and ethylene, comprising: a sorption step which comprises contacting the gas stream comprising methane and ethylene with a sorption agent which has a lower affinity for methane than for ethylene, resulting in sorption of ethylene and part of the methane by the sorption agent and in a gas stream comprising methane; a rinse step which comprises contacting a gas stream, comprising a compound for which the sorption agent has a higher affinity than for methane, with the sorption agent containing sorbed ethylene and methane, resulting in sorption of the compound for which the sorption agent has a higher affinity than for methane by the sorption agent, in desorption of methane from the sorption agent and in a gas stream comprising methane; and a desorption step which comprises desorbing sorbed ethylene and the sorbed compound for which the sorption agent has a higher affinity than for methane resulting in a gas stream comprising ethylene and the compound for which the sorption agent has a higher affinity than for methane.. . ... Shell Oil Company

04/13/17 / #20170101592

Method of processing cracked naphtha to make a low-sulfur naphtha product and ultra-low sulfur diesel

A method providing for the selective hydroprocessing of cracked naphtha feedstock to make blending components for low-sulfur gasoline and either ultra-low sulfur diesel or ultra-low sulfur jet fuel. The method includes the use of two catalytic distillation stages in combination with three stripping columns and two fixed-bed reactors integrated in a novel arrangement so as to provide for the treatment of cracked naphtha feedstock that has a high sulfur concentration to yield exceptionally low-sulfur light cracked naphtha and heavy cracked naphtha products and low-sulfur diesel or jet fuel. ... Shell Oil Company

04/13/17 / #20170101591

Method of processing cracked naphtha to make a low-sulfur naphtha product

A method providing for the selective hydroproces sing of cracked naphtha feedstock to make a low-sulfur gasoline blending component. The method includes the use of two catalytic distillation stages in combination with two stripping columns and two fixed-bed reactors integrated in a novel arrangement so as to provide for the treatment of cracked naphtha feedstock that has a high sulfur concentration to yield exceptionally low-sulfur light cracked naphtha and heavy cracked naphtha products. ... Shell Oil Company

04/13/17 / #20170101583

Multi-purpose reactor and process for the preparation of modified bitumen

A reactor is provided for the preparation of modified bitumen, which reactor comprises a horizontal housing comprising a cylindrical wall and two side walls, wherein a bitumen inlet has been provided at or near one of the side walls of the housing and a bitumen product outlet has been provided at or near the opposite side wall of the housing, wherein a plurality of inlets for the provision of oxygen-containing gas has been provided in the cylindrical wall of the housing between the bitumen inlet and the bitumen product outlet, which multi-purpose reactor is further provided with a mixer arranged inside the housing comprising at least one rotor rotating within at least one stator having a plurality of openings. The reaction is used to prepare modified bitumen by contacting bitumen in the reactor with a modified elevated temperature and pressure.. ... Shell Oil Company

04/06/17 / #20170097233

Method for qualification testing of a tubular connector

The invention provides a method of selecting a threaded tubular connector for qualification testing, the method comprising the steps of providing a test specimen (34) provided with a test surface that exhibits comparable material properties and/or surface topology as the sealing surface on the connector, determining a parameter of the test surface relating to the sealing capability of the sealing surface; subjecting the test surface to a load, the load corresponding to a selected phase of a qualification test procedure for the tubular connector; removing the load; determining a variation of the parameter; and ceasing the qualification test procedure if the variation of the parameter indicates a reduction of the sealing capability of the sealing surfaces.. . ... Shell Oil Company

04/06/17 / #20170096378

Process for making cumene by alkylation of benzene using an organotemplate-free zeolite beta

A process for making cumene by the alkylation of benzene with propylene using a benzene alkylation catalyst that comprises an organotemplate-free zeolite beta having a silica-to-alumina molar ratio of less than 20 and synthesized without an organic structure directing agent (sda).. . ... Shell Oil Company

03/30/17 / #20170088782

Process for preparing purified fischer-tropsch gasoil fraction

The present invention provides a process for preparing a high purity fischer-tropsch gasoil fraction, comprising : a) providing a fischer-tropsch-derived gasoil feedstock comprising one or more contaminants; b) providing the fischer-tropsch-derived gasoil feedstock to a fractionation zone and fractionating the fischer-tropsch-derived gasoil feedstock into two or more fischer-tropsch gasoil fractions having a different boiling point range, wherein at least one fischer-tropsch gasoil fraction is a contaminant-containing fischer- tropsch gasoil fraction; c) providing the contaminant-containing fischer-tropsch gasoil fraction to an absorption zone comprising at least one absorbent material and contacting the contaminant-containing fischer-tropsch gasoil fraction with the absorbent material to absorb at least part of contaminant; and d) retrieving from the absorption zone a purified fischer-tropsch gasoil fraction, which is contaminant-depleted. The invention further provides for the use of the purified fischer-tropsch gasoil fraction.. ... Shell Oil Company

03/23/17 / #20170082375

Heat exchange device for cooling synthetic gas and method of assembly thereof

The invention relates to a heat exchange device comprising a channel wall defining a flow channel with an inlet for receiving a gas flow. The device further comprises one or more heat exchange surfaces positioned inside the flow channel creating different parallel flow paths for the gas flow through the flow channel, at least one of the heat exchange surfaces embedding one or more flow paths for a fluid heat exchange medium. ... Shell Oil Company

03/23/17 / #20170081598

Process for preparing a high purity fischer-tropsch gasoil fraction

The present invention provides a process for preparing a high purity fischer-tropsch gasoil fraction, comprising: a)fractionating a fischer-tropsch-derived gasoil feedstock into two or more fischer-tropsch gasoil fractions having a different boiling point range, wherein at least one fischer-tropsch gasoil fraction is a contaminant-enriched fischer-tropsch gasoil fraction, which is enriched in one or more contaminants with respect to the feedstock; b) providing the contaminant-enriched fischer-tropsch gasoil fraction to an absorption zone comprising at least one absorbent material and contacting the contaminant-enriched fischer-tropsch gasoil fraction with the absorbent material to absorb at least part of contaminant; and c) retrieving from the absorption zone a purified fischer-tropsch gasoil fraction as high purity fischer-tropsch gasoil fraction, which purified fischer-tropsch gasoil fraction is contaminant-depleted with respect to the fischer-tropsch-derived gasoil feedstock, and wherein at least part of the contaminants in the contaminant-enriched fischer tropsch fraction are formed during the fractionation of step (a).. . ... Shell Oil Company

03/23/17 / #20170081593

A method for start-up and operation of a fischer-tropsch reactor

The invention relates to a method for start-up and operation of a fischer-tropsch reactor comprising the steps of: (a) providing a reactor with a fixed bed of reduced fischer-tropsch catalyst that comprises cobalt as catalytically active metal; (b) supplying a gaseous feed stream comprising carbon monoxide and hydrogen to the reactor, wherein the gaseous feed stream initially comprises a nitrogen-containing compound other than molecular nitrogen in an initial concentration in the range of from 0.1 to 50 ppmv based on the volume of the gaseous feed stream; (c) converting carbon monoxide and hydrogen supplied with the gaseous feed stream to the reactor into hydrocarbons at an initial reaction temperature, wherein the initial reaction temperature is set at a value of at least 200° c. And hydrocarbons are produced at a first yield; (d) maintaining the initial reaction temperature at the set value and maintaining the first yield by decreasing the concentration of the nitrogen-containing compound in the gaseous feed stream supplied to the reactor; (e) optionally increasing the reaction temperature after the concentration of the nitrogen-containing compound in the gaseous feed stream has decreased to a value below 100 ppbv.. ... Shell Oil Company

03/23/17 / #20170081258

Process for the aromatization of a methane-containing gas stream using titanium alloy hydrogen acceptor particles

Implementations of the disclosed subject matter provide a process for the aromatization of a methane-containing gas stream that includes contacting the methane-containing gas stream in a reaction zone of an aromatization reactor comprising an aromatization catalyst and a titanium alloy hydrogen acceptor under methane-containing gas aromatization conditions to produce a product stream comprising aromatics and hydrogen, wherein at least a portion of the produced hydrogen is bound by the titanium alloy hydrogen acceptor in the reaction zone and removed from the product and the reaction zone as titanium hydride, and wherein the titanium alloy hydrogen acceptor is a single phase alloy.. . ... Shell Oil Company

03/09/17 / #20170066960

Composition comprising internal olefin sulfonate and alkoxylated alcohol or derivative and use thereof in enhanced oil recovery

A surfactant composition, which comprises (i) an internal olefin sulfonate and (ii) an alkoxylated alcohol and/or alkoxylated alcohol derivative, wherein the alkoxylated alcohol and/or alkoxylated alcohol derivative is a compound of the formula (i) r—o—[po]x[eo]y—x wherein r is a hydrocarbyl group which has a weight average carbon number of from 5 to 32, po is a propylene oxide group, eo is an ethylene oxide group, x is the number of propylene oxide groups and is of from 0 to 40, y is the number of ethylene oxide groups and is of from 0 to 50, and the sum of x and y is of from 5 to 60; and wherein x is selected from the group consisting of: (i) a hydrogen atom; (ii) a group comprising a carboxylate moiety; (iii) a group comprising a sulfate moiety; and (iv) a group comprising a sulfonate moiety.. . ... Shell Oil Company

03/02/17 / #20170058646

Deepwater extended reach hardrock completions

Deepwater extended hardrock completion systems comprising a wellbore penetrating a subsea subterranean formation, wherein the wellbore comprise a near vertical first portion, a deviated second portion, and a deviated third portion.. . ... Shell Oil Company

03/02/17 / #20170058628

Blowout preventer including blind seal assembly

A ram blowout preventer (“bop”) may be used for sealing about an object positioned in a vertical bore extending through the bop. The ram bop includes a body comprising a vertical bore extending through the body and a ram cavity intersecting the bore, a ram assembly movable laterally into and out of the bop vertical bore and comprising a ram body, and an opposing ram assembly movable laterally into and out of the bop vertical bore and comprising a ram body and a seal body coupled to the ram body, wherein the seal body comprises a seal configured to seal the entirety of the bop vertical bore. ... Shell Oil Company

03/02/17 / #20170058223

Fuel compositions

Low sulphur marine fuel compositions are provided. Embodiments comprise greater than 50 to 90 wt % of a residual hydrocarbon component comprising at least one of an atmospheric tower bottoms (atb) residue and a vacuum tower bottoms residues (vtb), wherein the residual hydrocarbon component has a kinematic viscosity at ˜50 degrees c. ... Shell Oil Company

03/02/17 / #20170057888

Separation of catalyst and hydrogen acceptor after aromatization of a methane containing gas stream

Implementations of the disclosed subject matter provide a process for the aromatization of a methane-containing gas stream including contacting the methane-containing gas stream in a reaction zone comprising an aromatization catalyst particulate and a hydrogen acceptor particulate under methane-containing gas aromatization reaction conditions to produce reaction products comprising aromatics and gaseous hydrogen. At least a portion of the gaseous hydrogen produced is bound by the hydrogen acceptor particulate in the reaction zone and removed from the reaction products in the reaction zone. ... Shell Oil Company

03/02/17 / #20170057887

Separation of catalyst and inert heat particle after aromatization of a methane containing gas stream

Implementations of the disclosed subject matter provide a process for the aromatization of a methane-containing gas stream may include contacting the methane-containing gas stream in a reaction zone comprising an aromatization catalyst particulate and an inert heat carrier particulate under methane-containing gas aromatization reaction conditions to produce a product stream comprising aromatics in the reaction zone. The inert heat carrier particulate may be separated from the aromatization catalyst particulate in a separation zone under separation conditions. ... Shell Oil Company

02/09/17 / #20170037485

Biomass digester with suction stinger circulation inlet

A method for digesting cellulosic biomass solids in a hydrothermal digestion unit comprises providing a reactor, a gas feed line, a system for feeding biomass into the reactor, a fluid circulation system including a fluid inlet, pump, and injector; providing a digestion medium containing a slurry catalyst in the digestion unit; circulating the digestion medium through the circulation system; supplying an upward flow of hydrogen through the biomass solids; and maintaining the biomass solids and catalyst at a temperature sufficient to cause digestion of cellulosic biomass solids into an alcoholic component; wherein the fluid inlet includes a stinger unit having an upper surface, an inner volume in communication with the catalyst circulation system, and an opening in the upper surface for allowing fluid to enter the inner volume; and allowing digestion medium to flow into the catalyst circulation system via the catalyst stinger.. . ... Shell Oil Company

02/09/17 / #20170037297

Hydrocarbon recovery composition, method of preparation and use thereof

The invention provides a hydrocarbon recovery composition comprising one or more internal olefin sulfonates and a ph buffer. The composition may be injected into a hydrocarbon-containing formation to enhance the recovery of hydrocarbons therefrom. ... Shell Oil Company

02/09/17 / #20170037072

Biomass digester with two liquid phases and draft tube circulation

A method comprises introducing biomass solids to a digester comprising a reactor, a circulation system including a first injector; providing a catalyst-containing digestion medium and an organic solvent layer floating thereon; circulating the medium through the circulation system; flowing gas through the medium; keeping the medium hot enough to digest the solids; and operating the digester such a headspace exists above the solvent. The digester includes a first eductor having an inlet in the headspace, a second eductor having an inlet in the organic layer, and a downdraft tube having an inlet in the digestion medium. ... Shell Oil Company

02/02/17 / #20170029713

Methods and systems for processing lignin during hydrothermal digestion of cellulosic biomass solids

Digestion of cellulosic biomass solids may be complicated by release of lignin therefrom. Methods for digesting cellulosic biomass solids may comprise: providing cellulosic biomass solids in a digestion solvent; at least partially converting the cellulosic biomass solids into a phenolics liquid phase comprising lignin, an aqueous phase comprising an alcoholic component derived from the cellulosic biomass solids, and an optional light organics phase; and separating the phenolics liquid phase from the aqueous phase, at least partially depolymerizing the lignin in the phenolics liquid phase, wherein at least partially depolymerizing the lignin generates hydrocarbons.. ... Shell Oil Company

01/26/17 / #20170022422

Biomass conversion process to hydrocarbons

A process for the production of a higher hydrocarbon useful to produce diesel components from solid biomass is provided. The process provides for improved production of diesel components by contacting the stable oxygenated hydrocarbon intermediate containing diols produced from digestion and hydrodoxygenation of the solid biomass to an amorphous silica alumina catalyst to reduce the diols content, and removing water prior to contacting with the condensation catalyst to produce the higher hydrocarbon.. ... Shell Oil Company

01/26/17 / #20170021327

Methods and systems for processing lignin through viscosity reduction during hydrothermal digestion of cellulosic biomass solids

Digestion of cellulosic biomass solids may be complicated by lignin release therefrom, which can produce a highly viscous phenolics liquid phase comprising lignin polymer. Systems for processing a phenolics liquid phase comprising lignin polymer may comprise: a hydrothermal digestion unit; a viscosity measurement device within the hydrothermal digestion unit or in flow communication with the hydrothermal digestion unit; a temperature control device within the hydrothermal digestion unit or in flow communication with the hydrothermal digestion unit; and a processing device communicatively coupled to the viscosity measurement device and the temperature control device, the processing device being configured to actuate the temperature control device if the viscosity of a fluid phase comprising lignin exceeds a threshold value in the biomass conversion system.. ... Shell Oil Company

01/19/17 / #20170016309

Long offset gas condensate production systems

A long offset gas condensate production system comprising: a subsea production well; a subsea separator; and a subsea cooler.. . ... Shell Oil Company

01/12/17 / #20170009180

Lubricating composition

Lubricating composition for use in the crankcase of an engine comprising: (i) a base oil comprising at least one monoester or a mixture of monoesters, wherein said monoester or mixture of monoesters has a kinematic viscosity at 100° c. Of not more than 4 mm2/s, a viscosity index of at least 130 and a noack evaporation loss of not more than 20 wt %; and (ii) a polymeric viscosity index improvers selected from (a) one or more comb polymers; (b) a poly(meth)acrylate polymer having 1 to 70 mol % of one or more (meth)acrylate structural units represented by formula (1) below (1) wherein r1 is a hydrogen atom or a methyl group, and r2 is a straight chain or branched hydrocarbon group having not less than 16 carbon atoms; (c) styrene-diene hydrogenated copolymers; and (d) mixtures thereof. ... Shell Oil Company

01/12/17 / #20170009163

Fuel compositions

Low sulphur marine fuel compositions are provided. Embodiments comprise 10 to 50 wt. ... Shell Oil Company

01/12/17 / #20170009143

Conversion of biomass or residual waste material to biofuels

The present invention provides a process for producing liquid hydrocarbon products from solid biomass and/or residual waste feedstocks, said process comprising the steps of: a) hydropyrolysing the solid feedstock in a hydropyrolysis reactor vessel in the presence of molecular hydrogen and one or more deoxygenation catalyst, producing a product stream comprising partially deoxygenated hydropyrolysis product, h2o, h2, co2, co, c1-c3 gases, char and catalyst fines; b) removing said char and catalyst fines from said product stream; c) hydroconverting said partially deoxygenated hydropyrolysis product in a hydroconversion reactor vessel in the presence of one or more hydroconversion catalyst and of the h2o, co2, co, h2, and c1-c3 gas generated in step a), producing a vapour phase product comprising substantially fully deoxygenated hydrocarbon product, h2o, co, co2, and c1-c3 gases; d) condensing the vapour phase product of step d) to provide a liquid phase product comprising substantially fully deoxygenated c4+ hydrocarbon liquid and aqueous material and separating said liquid phase product from a gas phase product comprising h2, co, co2, and c1-c3 gases; e) removing the aqueous material from the substantially fully deoxygenated c4+ hydrocarbon liquid; and f) hydroprocessing at least a portion of the substantially fully deoxygenated c4+ hydrocarbon liquid in a hydroprocessing reactor vessel in the presence of hydrogen and one or more hydroprocessing catalysts, each hydroprocessing catalyst comprising at least one reduced metal on a solid support, in order to provide an upgraded liquid hydrocarbon stream.. . ... Shell Oil Company

01/05/17 / #20170002645

Carrier rod for an optical fiber assembly and system for monitoring deformation of well equipment

A carrier rod having at least one recess extending along at least part of the length of the rod, in which recess a optical fiber assembly for monitoring strain, temperature and/or other physical parameters is arranged, which optical fiber assembly is along at least part of its length bonded within the recess. The carrier rod can be used in a system or a method of monitoring deformation and other characteristics of a casing or other tubular or cylindrical well equipment in a well traversing an underground formation.. ... Shell Oil Company

01/05/17 / #20170002272

Biomass conversion process to hydrocarbons

A process for the production of a higher hydrocarbon useful as gasoline component from solid biomass is provided. The process provides for longer zsm-5 condensation catalyst life by contacting the stable oxygenated hydrocarbon intermediate containing diols produced from digestion and hydrodoxygenation of the solid biomass to an amorphous silica alumina catalyst to reduce the diols content, and optionally removing water, prior to contacting with the zsm-5 condensation catalyst.. ... Shell Oil Company

01/05/17 / #20170002128

Polyurethanes

A process for making a flame retardant polyurethane foam, the process comprising reacting a po based polyol with foam-forming reactants to provide said polyurethane foam, wherein said polyol is prepared by ring-opening polymerization of alkylene oxide in the presence of a composite metal cyanide complex catalyst, and wherein said polyol is either free from eo moieties or comprises eo moieties in an amount of at most 1% w/w.. . ... Shell Oil Company

01/05/17 / #20170001934

Biomass conversion process to hydrocarbons

An improved process for the production of a higher hydrocarbon from solid biomass is provided. Solid biomass that has been digested and hydrodeoxygenated in a liquid digestive solvent in the presence of a hydrothermal hydrocatalytic catalyst is separated to an organic rich phase and an aqueous rich phase containing diols. ... Shell Oil Company

01/05/17 / #20170001933

Biomass conversion process to hydrocarbons

A process for the production of a higher hydrocarbon from solid biomass is provided. The process provides for ready separation of organic phase from aqueous phase which organic phase maybe recycled as a digestive solvent in a digestion and/or deoxygenation of solid biomass. ... Shell Oil Company

01/05/17 / #20170001932

Process for the production of glycols from a saccharide-containing feedstock

The invention provides a process for the continuous production of one or more glycols from a saccharide-containing feedstock, said process comprising the steps of: i) contacting the saccharide-containing feedstock with hydrogen in the presence of one or more catalysts in a reactor at a reaction temperature and a reaction pressure in a continuous manner, to provide a reaction effluent stream comprising hydrogen and one or more glycols; ii) separating hydrogen from the reaction effluent stream, without substantial de-pressurisation of said reaction effluent stream to provide a separated hydrogen stream and a liquid effluent stream; and iii) providing at least a portion of the separated hydrogen stream as a hydrogen recycle stream to the reactor for re-use in step i).. . ... Shell Oil Company








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